Eng. (Lancashire). Parish Bury.

The registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) online

. (page 38 of 52)
Online LibraryEng. (Lancashire). Parish BuryThe registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) → online text (page 38 of 52)
Font size
QR-code for this ebook


the old chapel was in bad repair, and placed in an inconvenient
situation ;" on which account the inhabitants obtained a Faculty



TOWNSHIP OF SOVVERBY. 411

from the archbishop to pull down the same, (which they did,) and
in 1762 and 1763 erected the present handsome edifice, on a more
commodious site than the former with a tower, ' ' which by its
elevation forms a striking object to the valley above and beneath,
and by its musical bells conveys the joyful sound of the Christian
Sabbath many miles around." In the interior it is one of the most
elegant chapels in the North of England. The first duty done there
was January 3rd, 1763. The old chapel was dedicated to St.
Peter. Some remains of it are still to be seen at Field house, for
which see.

In a kind of lobby at the West end is a statue of Archbishop
Tillotson, erected above 40 years ago. "The situation, (says Du.
Whitakee) is objectionable on many accounts. An archbishop
should not have been placed in the lowest part of the church, or
rather excluded from the church ; and space might certainly have
been found, if not in the centre of the apsis which encloses the
communion table, yet on the North side, where a bishop always
stands to perform episcopal offices. Should such a removal ever
take place, the relative situation on the South side should be
reserved till the chapelry of Sowerby produce another Tillotson."

ENDOWMENT OF SOWEKBY CUAPEL.

It appears by an indenture at Chaderton, in Lancashire, dated
March 9, 1722, that Elkana Horton, of Gray's Inn, Esq. in con-
sideration of two hundred pounds from the governors of Queen
Anne's Bounty, and one hundred pounds left by Edward Colston,
of Mortlake, in Surry, Esq. sold to Nicholas Jackson, clerk, curate
of Sowerby, and his successors, for ever, Lower Langley, alias
Nether Langley, in Norland, containing eighteen acres, or there-
about; also a farm, called Birch Farm, in Sowerby; likewise the
Lane Ends. The Bounty was obtained in 1719.

Edward Colston left a large sum for the augmentation of small
livings, and his executors, at the request of the said Elkana Horton,
allowed an hundred pounds to Sowerby Chapel, and Mr. Horton
himself allowed another hundred pounds in the purchase. The cer-
tainty at this chapel, 3rd of Queen Anne, was seven pounds yearly,
according to the return already mentioned ; but in Ecton's The-
saurus, twelve pounds two shillings and eightpence.



412 TOWNSHIP OF SOWERBY.

In the year 1817, the living was further augmented by the go-
vernors of the Bounty of Queen Anne, with £800 by lot. In the
report of the commissioners appointed to inquire into the revenues
of the church, &c. presented to Parliament by command of His
Majesty, the living is valued at £199 per annum: there is a
glebe-house attached. The present incumbent is the Rev. W. H.
Bull. M. A.

The places within this township that have been most worthy of
remark, and still retain something reminiscent of their former
state, are

BALL GREEN,

Where probably was a habitation, in very early times, as Ball
is a very ancient term for a place of abode. If this was the case,
I conjecture that some of the foresters may have lived here.

BRECK,

So called from a break, or breach, on the side of an adjoining
hiU. Here some of the descendants of Archbishop Tillotson for-
merly resided. At present it is the residence of the Ingrams.

BOWOOD.

The word Bau signified in ancient times, the same as Ball, but
in a forest it is natural to suppose that this name has some relation
to shooting.

BOWER SLACK.

In all probability an ancient settlement of some kind or other.
Watson says the word will bear two interpretations, it might mean
the chambered house, or a house in general, or a place of shade
and retirement, being so called from the Anglo Saxon Bupe.
callis.

A house which some believe to be the oldest in the vicarage,
and where tradition says that Robin Hood some time resided ; but
no other marks of its antiquity appeared in Watson's time, than that
the north part of it was studded after the manner of building in for-
mer times. It might take its name from the Latin word Callis,
which meant a path made by wild beasts in forests and mountains.

DERPLEY AND DEERSTONES,

Are names which evidently took their original from the deer
which inhabited this forest, and denote the places where they usu-
ally frequented.



TOWNSHIP OF SOWKRBY. 413

ELFABROTIGH HALL,

Written in deeds ElfFaburghall, Elfabrough, Elphenbrough, and
EUfleteburghall, also Elfabrook, was formerly the estate of the Pil-
kingtons, of Bradley. It is in an orchard, and adjoins the brook
fi'om the Cragg, near Mytholmroyd bridge. It seems to have got
its name in superstitious times, and to have been looked upon as an
^Ipen-Bup5, or habitation of fairies, who delighted, it seems, in
fountains, and streams of water, which abound at this place. Elfa-
bright Bridge is mentioned by Harrison, the topographer. Elf is
but another name for fairy, and there is a story told in this part at
the present day, that a fairy house of a very beautiful construction
was found near this place. It is useless wasting words in an affair
of this sort, but undoubtedly the situation of the place appears to be
peculiarly adapted for them, as Watson says, if any reliance is to
be placed on the tales of olden time. Chaucer is very facetious
concerning them in his Canterbury tales :

"In the old Dayes of the King Artour,

All was this Lond fulfilled of Fayry,

The Elf'Quene with her jolie Company,

Daunsed full oft in many a grene Mede ;

This was the old opinion, as I rede.

I speke of many hundred yere agoe,

But now can no man se no Klfes mo."
There is a field here which I have seen called Oldelflaburgh, and
sometimes the Hall Field.

FIELD HOUSE.

The name, which is of considerable antiquity, was given by the
Anglo-Saxons to a tent, and it is not improbable that something of
this sort might have been fixed here by the owners of the forest, in
order to command a view of the adjoining country, and to witness
the diversion of hunting, hawking, &c. We find it attached to a
farm-house about 200 yards from the present mansion, in the time
of Charles I., with the addition of Upper or Over. At this latter
place, when an old barn was removed 10 or 12 years ago, a quantity
of gold coins was found, now in the possession of Robert Stansfeld,
Esq. None of them are very ancient. The Jacobus' and Carolus'
are most common ; these in all probability were secreted during the
time of the civil wars.

Immediately contiguous to the mansion of Field-house, and pai -



414 TOWNSHIP OF SOWERBY.

tially hidden by trees, stands the Old Hall apparently built about
the year 1G70 or 1680. It is a regular structure, containing, like
the residences of that period, a large number of small rooms, well
adapted for the comforts of a numerous family, but in general the
building is devoid of ornament or architectural interest. The mo-
dern mansion, built by the late George Stansfeld, Esq. in 1749, is
a handsome edifice in the Grecian style, and commands an exten-
sive view of the beautiful valley of the Riburn, and of the distant
hills which separate Yorkshire and Lancashire. The arms of the
family are executed in stone in relief, over what was originally the
principal entrance. To the antiquarian the objects of most interest
there are the remains of the old church of Sowerby, removed about
the year 1760. They comprise the East window and belfry. The
window consists of a gothic arch, with the usual segments forming
a circle in the centre. The belfry is remarkable for the extreme
beauty of its proportions and is a perfect model of architectural
symmetry. One side resting on the apex of the window, the other
is supported by pillars which rise out of the ground to a considerable
height, and being covered with ivy, in some measure conceal the
window. Tlae effect, as seen through the large gates on approach-
ing the house, is particularly pleasing. The belfry contains two
bells, but whether or not either of them belonged to the old church
is not sufficiently ascertained. Much praise is certainly due to
Robert Stansfeld, Esq. the present owner of the mansion, for pre-
serving these memorials of the old church from the hand of the
spoiler.

FLONE NOOK,

From the Anglo-Saxon Fla, an arrow, pronounced in after times
Flo, and in plural number Flone, where archery might have been
practised in former times.

HADERSHELF OR HATHERSHELF SCOUT.

Early mention is made of this place. 10 Edward II. the earl of
Warren gave to Henry de Walda a pasture in Sourby, called Har-
deschelf. Hadershelf, after the conquest was so far improved that
it was converted into a vaccary, where cattle were nourished
and bred. These vaccaries were in length of time let forth to
tenants by copy of court roll. In the year 1799 a singular dis-
covery was made near this place. A man passing observed his



TOWNSHIP OF SOWERBY. 415

dog enter a narrow aperture, supposing him to have caught the
scent of a fox, he pursued, and found the opening gradually ex-
pand into a small cave, where he found, not a fox, but a savage,
who barred all farther approach by a pistol. The astonished dis-
coverer withdrew, but quickly returned with some assistants, one
of whom boldly entered, and secured the inhabitant of the cave.
The reason for his choice of this unknown retirement now appeared.
It was a repository of stolen goods ; among which were two sur-
plices taken from the parisli church of Rochdale, with the scarlet
hood of a doctor in Divinity. The plate stolen at the same time had
been previously discovered ia another place. The cave of this Cacus
was not large enough for the reception of living oxen, but it was
copiously stored with slaughtered animal food, properly cured, for
a long concealment. The ruffian thus extracted from his lurking
place was transported for life.

HAUGH END.

It seems, by the name, as if there was an inclosure from this
place towards the town of Sowerby, and that this was the extreme
part of the Ib?e5. The place will ever be regarded with veneration,
that excellent prelate. Archbishop Tiliotson, having drawn his first
breath here. Watson has a pedigree of the family. The present
mansion at Haugh End was erected by — Lees, Esq.

HOLLINHEY,

Where it is said a court used to be held, and the owner of it
bound to keep a white bull, a stoned horse, and a brawn.

PALLES HOUSE,

Now corrupted to Palace House, situated near the pales which
surrounded the park of Erringden. Perhaps the Palizer's house.
It is otherwise called Motherholt. It is on the bank of the Calder,
and overlooks the hamlet of Hebden Bridge.

POND.

A house which, report says, has belonged to the name of Stans-
feld, ever since the time of the conquest.

RATTEN-ROW.

Stukeley, in his account of Richard of Cirencester, p. 44, says,
this name is of high antiquity, and relates to panegyres, or fairs ;
and, if he is right in his conjecture, it is of higli antiquity indeed,
for we cannot well suppose that any thing of that sort would be per-



416 TOWNSHIP OF SOWERBY.

mitted, after the ground was appropriated to the use of a forest.

TURVIN,

Is a valley in this township, not devoid of romantic beauty ; it
is so called, perhaps, from being the boundary of some kind or
other, as Terfyne, and Tervyn, in the British, had this significa-
tion, as also Tarfin in the Coniish. This place is rendered re-
markable from being the haunt of a most desperate gang of coiners,
whom we have before noticed, and who long escaped the vigilance
of government.

May 10th, 1774, the house of Commons went into a committee
on the then state of the gold coin. Mr. Chamberlain,* whose evi-
dence was corroborated by several respectable witnesses, gave the
house a very entertaining account of all the persons who had been
convicted of clipping, coining, filing, or otherM'ise diminishing the
coin of the Kingdom. He was particularly severe on Yorkshire,
where he said he had been down, and seen many guineas which had
been reduced 5s. 3d. ; some 5s. 4d. ; but the general run was from
2s, 6d. to 4s. 6d. each ; that almost every wool-comber in the
North kept a file for the purpose ; that they were at no loss to sell
their filings, for there were several private mints that could coin
them a guinea or half-a-guinea for a shilling. He said he had en-
quired into the nature of these private mints, and found they were
so private that it was almost impossible for any person to find them
out in their unlawful proceedings ; for their houses were so situated
that they could distinguish a person half a mile before he reached
their house. The principal master belonging to these mints, (who
was their sovereign, and, in order to give him a pre-eminence, was
called king David,) had been detected and hung ; but the practice
still went on to a great extent. It was common, he said, in the
North, to give twenty shillings for the use of twenty guineas for
two hours ; or they would give you two shillings for the use of two
guineas for half an hour !

The coin having, since that period, been made current by weight
as well by tale, the temptation to such frauds has been removed ;
and if they now take place, it can only be to a very inconsiderable
extent.

* Mr. Chamberlain, solicitor to his Majesty's mint, and who prosecuted the coiners
who were detected in this parish.



TOWNSHIP OF SOWERBY. 417

A small episcopal chapel was erected in this valley in the year
1815, entitled "the chapel of St. John in the Wilderness," and
was consecrated by the archbishop in the year 1817 ; it has been
endowed with the sum of £1600 by lot from the governors of Queen
Anne's bounty. The living is valued at £76 per annum. The
present incumbent is the Rev. Thomas Crowther.

WHITE WINDOWS.

Here is a large handsome mansion house, built by the late John
Priestley, Esq. whose pedigree Mr. Watson has given. Its present
owner is George Priestley, Esq.

The township of Sowerby is divided into the three quarters of
Sowerby, Westfield, and Blackwood. Sowerby, says Whitaker,
was one of the members of the first Chapelry of Luddcnden, though
it did not long continue to be so. It was undoubtedly the most
important township within the parish, in former times, if we may
judge, by the proportion it paid towards the ancient taxes and
estreats. In the time of Queen Elizabeth it was rated by the
justices double the amount of any of the other townships ; and again
for maintenance of the forces at Pontefract, during the civil wars,
the proportion paid by Halifax was £6 lis., while Sowerby paid
£11 5s. It also appears to have been the residence of several
ancient and respectable families, the majority of them bearing arms.

A part of the principal highway which runs through this town-
ship has always been designated " Sowerby Street," and there is a
tradition that it formed part of a Roman road which intersected this
portion of the country. The fact not having been mentioned by
Watson,' I feel some diffidence in adverting to it. I do so rather in
the hope that it may incite a spirit of inquiry among my antiquai'ian
readers, rather than from any information I am able to communicate
on the subject, but I may venture to remark that such a case is not
improbable, when we bear in mind that it is near upon one of the
most interesting remains of a Roman station in this country, and
that several coins have at various times been turned up in parts ad-
joining this Street. " Street, (says Thoresby,) is the very word
that our countryman Bede useth to signify the Roman roads."



TOWNSHIP OF WARLEY,



Werla, as it is written in Domesday Book, was another of the
nine berewics belonging to Wakefield, and in all probability one of
the most considerable of the nine ; in fact Dr. Whitaker supposes
that Skircoat and Ovenden, with Halifax, must have been taken out
of it. It has sometimes been called Warlowlye or Warlully. It
lies to the West of Halifax, and is divided from Midgley by the
brook that empties itself into the Calder at Luddenden Foot ; having
the Calder on the South, and Ovenden on the North : and contains
an area of 3,980 superficial statute acres.

It was originally granted by the cro ivn to earl Warren, and in
this family it remained until the re-grant by John, the eighth and
last earl. It has since passed from the crown to its present noble
possessor, being held under the same title as that of Halifax, &c.
for which see "The Manor."

The township of Warley is altogether an interesting district.
I have before had occasion to refer to some memorials of the British
Era, which are to be found here, and they are well worth the in-
spection of the curious. Some Roman coins have also been found,
and there is a remain called Camp-End, supposed to have been
thrown up during the civil wars.

For parochial purposes it is divided into two districts.

Within this township is a tract of land, called

SALTONSTALL, NETHER AND OVER.

In Nether Saltonstall, twenty-four beasts might have been sus-
tained in the winter, in the reign of Edward II.; and there were
thirty acres of meadow land to mow there, for the support of the
said cattle. In the summer they were removed to Baitings in Soy-
land. If the lord was willing to let this Nether Saltonstall to farm,



TOWNSHIP OF WARLEY. 419

it would take yearly 43s. 8d. In Over Saltonstall was a place for
a vaccary, and a small house in which the man who took care of it
dwelt, in the time of Edward II. also a byer or cow-house, and a
grange, or barn, to hold the hay ; there were thirty acres of meadow
and pasture there, of which fifteen might be mowed, and fifteen lie
for pasture. One bull and thirty cows, with their calves, might be
kept there, if hay was given them in the winter. The place ought
yearly to be inclosed with a good fence, which would cost the lord
Ss. and he might let the same to farm for the yearly sum of 40s.

The first grants made by copy of court-roll of Saltonstall, which
was in the latter end of the reign of Edw. II. were made upon divi-
sion of the whole into six equal parts, and every part was called a
Sextondole of Saltonstall ; and it appears from various accounts,
that several of the name of Saltonstall were oflficers of earl "Warren
for Saltonstall, and to them were divers parts thereof granted.

In 1343, 17 Edward III, John de Brownhirste surrendered in
court two parts of a sixth part of Saltonstall, with the reversion of
a third part of the said sixth part, which Isabel mother of said John
held as dower ; the moiety of which was granted to John, son of
Thomas de Saltonstall, another moiety to Richard, son of Thomas
de Saltonstall, and William de Saltonstall, and heirs.

At Halifax, in 1376, John Cape surrendered a sixth part of Sal-
tonstall to the use of Richard Saltonstall, and heirs.

As the last earl of Warren and Surry died June 30th, 1347, 21
Edward III. it is plain, from the first of the two instances above,
that the vaccary of Saltonstall was demised by copy hefore the lord-
ship of Wakefield came to the crown.

6 Henry IV, Richard Saltonstall surrendered two sixth parts of
Saltonstall, and half a sixth part, lying between Blakebrook, Depe-
clough, the water of Luddenden, and Hoore Stones, in Sowerb^^
to the use of Richard Saltonstall and heirs. 15 Edward IV. this
Richard surrendered the same to Gilbert Saltonstall, his son, which
Gilbert, 23 Hen. VII. surrendered the same to Richard Saltonstall,
his son ; after the death of which Richard, son of Gilbert, Richard
Saltonstall, son and heir of the same Richard, 30 Hen. "\'III. made
fine of heriot for the said lands. This last Richard had issue Gilbert,
who died before his father, leaving a son Samuel, who, after the
death of Richard his grandfather, made fine of heriot, 40 Eliz. for

E E 2



420 TOWNSHIP OF WARLEY.

the same lands. The pedigree of Saltonstall, is set forth in Watson
under Hipperholme.

Earl Warren claimed free warren in Saltonstall, by royal charter,
37 Henry III. so that this place was, in fact, no part of the forest
of Sowerby, though it lay within Warley, which appears to have
been a part thereof. This accounts for the expression above, that
the place ought yearly to be enclosed with a good fence, on account,
no doubt, of its being secured from the deer, and other wild beasts.

WiUiam, son of Henry de Astey, gave for ever to Ralph de
Horbury, and heirs, one assart, within the bounds of Saltonstall,
viz, that which Henry de Astey, his father, held, and all his right
within the bounds of Saltonstall, in the name of the said assart.

Idonia, daughter of Adam, son of Philip de Shitlington, quit-
claimed to said Ralph, and heirs, all her right and claim in the
moiety of the town of Saltonstall, in feedings, &c. and all liberties
thereto belonging. Agnes, some time the wife of William de Astey,
in her widowhood, granted to John de Horbury, and heirs, all her
right and claim in six acres of land, in Saltonstall.

John de Horbury let to Richard, son of Adam de Midgley, two
oxgangs of land in Saltonstall, which contain twenty six acres of
land, with edifices, &c. for the term of twenty years. This, in one
of the Harleian MSS. No. 797, is said to have been done in 1278 ;
but this in all probability was an error, as all the land, within the
bounds of Saltonstall was held in demesne, till the same was granted
out by copy, in the latter end of the reign of Edward H. as above-
mentioned.

The name of Saltonstall, is said to be derived from Sal, or Sa,
which Salmon, in his history of Hertfordshire, p. 259, says, are
old words for small, or little ; Ton, is an inclosure, and pral, a
dwelling : as much as to say, the small habitation ; agreeable to
what is said above, under Over- Saltonstall, which in the original
MS. is thus expressed, " Est ibidem una parva domus in qua fir-
marius illius vaccarie solebat manere." The country people pro-
nounce it Satonstall.

SOWERBY-BRIDGE.

This ancient hamlet, which has now become a populous and
thriving village, may be regarded as another instance of the com-
mercial prosperity of these manufacturing districts. It is seated on



TOWNSHIP OF VVARLEY. 421

the banks of the Calder, within two and an half miles of Halifax,
on the high road to Manchester. Possessing the advantage of a
commercial navigation passing through it, connecting the Eastern
and Western coasts, together with commodious and extensive wharfs
for the shipment of goods ; it may be said to command the traffic of
the rich manufacturing vale of Sowerby. Here are also several
large mills for the manufacturing of cloth, and for grinding corn,
as also extensive chymical works.

A company has lately been formed for lighting the village with
gas, so that a continuous lighted street may be said to connect it
with the town of Halifax.

THE CHAPEL.

I have now before me a document, referred to by Watson, con-
nected with the first chapel built at this place. It purports to be
"The feoffee copie for the ground whereon the Brigge chappell
standeth, being builded in the seventeenth yeare of the reigne of
king Henry the Eighth and in the yeare of our lord, 1526." It
appears that there was surrendered by one John Maud and the
Waterhouses of Skircote into the hands of the lord, a parcel of land
containing 26 yards in length and 8 in breadth, within the town-
ship of Warley, between a fulling mill on the East and Sowerbie
brigge on the West, to the use of Thomas Savile de Copley, gent,
and others.

"Memorandum. That the said chappell was pulled downe and
raised higher for lofting, in anno Caroli nunc anglia, &c. octavo,
1632. The charges whereof were as followeth :" the items are then
set forth, the sum total amounting to £67 07s. 07d. "The towns-
men of Skircoat bearing a sixth part of the charge, and the rest
being equally divided between the townsmen of Norland and Warley,
they having convenient seats allotted them in the said lofts, rating
according to their several disbursements, "no man being mayed to
give more than they pleased voluntarily to bestow , which said
rooms being divided as followeth ;" then follows a list of the stalls,
with the names of the families among whom they were divided. I
regret that my limits will not allow mc to copy the list, giving as it
docs the names of some of the principal families who at that time
lived in these parts : there arc o2 stalls mentioned, 14 whereof were



422 TOWNSHIP OF WARLEY.

allotted to Warley, 13 to Norland, and 5 to Skircoate. The
document concludes —

These things of note, with other more of marke,

Shall be recorded by your under clarke,



Online LibraryEng. (Lancashire). Parish BuryThe registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) → online text (page 38 of 52)