Eng. (Lancashire). Parish Bury.

The registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) online

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HEN: MAUD, 1640.

An interesting view of this old chapel has been preserved by
Mr. Horner. Its situation was extremely inconvenient, and the
increasing population of Sowerby-Bridge rendered further church
accommodation necessary. The wealth and liberality of the prin-
cipal families in the immediate vicinity did not long permit this to
be a subject for complaint ; a convenient scite was purchased in the
centre of the village, and in the year 1819 the present handsome
and commodious chapel, after the Gothic order of architecture, was
erected thereon, capable of containing upwards of 1200 persons.
A convenient cemetery is attached to it. The Rev. J ames Franks,
M. A. was the first minister; on whose decease, the Rev. Thomas
Rogers, the present incumbent, succeeded.

There have been some benefactions to this chapel. In a terrier
belonging to Sowerby-Bridge chapel, written in 1727, are the fol-
lowing particulars. One chapel-house, worth one pound eight
shillings per annum. One cottage-house, given to the chapel by
Mr. Samuel King, eighteen shillings per annum. The queen's
bounty for this chapel was obtained ISth April, 1719, to meet a
benefaction of £200 by Mr. I. Taylor and others : the title-deeds
belonging the bounty are dated Nov. 2, 1724. The estates bought
with this money are, the Lower Brig Bottom Farm, containing
nineteen days' work of land, then let for twelve pounds ten shillings
a year ; a farm called Earoyd, containing thirteen days' work, rent
seven pounds eight shillings a year ; and a farm called Gate Head,
containing nine days' work, rent four pounds a year : but these
rents are considerably raised since that time.

The certainty, 2nd and 3rd of Queen Anne, was six pounds a
year. In the year 1775 another £200 was granted by the govern-
ors of the bounty. The present annual revenue is £166.

Among the old houses worthy of notice in this township, are


Which probably took its name from some ancient owner ,
of it. It has the old mark for Jesus on two parts of it, viz.


At the North-East corner of it is an uncommon hollow in the wall,
which was discovered some time ago, when a repair was made.
The workmen could see that the bottom of it, which was about
equal with the foundation of the house, was flagged, but did not
venture down to make farther discoveries. The house stands on
the side of an hill,


Where lived a family of the name of Dean ; one of which, called
Richard, is said to have killed, in a duel, one Brooksbank of Bank-
house in Warley.


Is a handsome mansi(m, the seat of Colonel Dearden ; from its
elevated situation, it commands an extensive view of the surround-
ing country.

There are also several other handsome family residences within
the township.


In Domesday Book written Miclei, was another member of this
parish therein described as one of the berewics of the manor of
Wakefield, and was in all probability so called as being the Micel,
or large ley or pasture. It lies on the west of the brook that di-
vides it from Warley and from thence extends to another small
brook that separates it from Wadsworth, having the Calder on the
south, and Haworth on the North. It contains an area of 2110
superficial statute acres.

Midgley was also granted from the Conqueror to the earl of
Warren, for we find John de Warren, earl of Surry, had free
warren herd by charter, 37 Hen. III. and the same earl was found
to be chief lord thereof by Kirkby's inquest. 24 Edw. I. As the
title of the earl of Warren will be found under " The manor" it will
be unnecessary here to recapitulate it.

John Mews, alias Melsa, had free warren granted him in all
his demesne lands in Midgley, 25 Edw. I. John Melsa died seized
of this manor, 26 Edw. III. John de Melsa gave to John, son of
Thomas de Den, of Midgley, all the land and meadow, &c. which
John, the son of Thomas, held by charter in Myggeley, from Lyd-
dingdeuhead, &c. 30 Edw. III. Godfrey Mews, alias Melsa, died
seised of divers lands in Midgley, which he held of Adam Evering-
ham, of Laxton, by the eighth part of a knight's fee. After this,
but whether by purchase or marriage is uncertain, it came to the
family of Sotehill ; for there is (says Watson) the copy of a deed
from Gerard de Sotehill, dominus de Midgleye, dated at Miegleye,
3 Oct. 1392, IGRic. II. By an inquisition of wastes within Wake-
field, 19 Edw. IV. Gerard Soothill, Esq. was found to hold the
manor of Midgley, by soccagc, &c. and to render by the year 2&.


Soon after this it seems to be alienated ; for Gilbert Lacy, esq. and
Joan his wife, enfeoffed Richard Symmes, vicar of Halifax, and
others in this manor, by deed, dated at Southowram, 12th July,
21 Edw. IV. but for what particular purpose does not appear, ex-
cepting that it was done with intent to have it conveyed to some
one of his own family ; for John Lacy of Brearley, Esq. was found
in the year 1577, by inquisition at Wakefield, to be lord of the
manor. Soon after this it came to the Farrers, by the intermarriage
(32 Eliz.) of Henry Farrer of Ewood, with Mary, daughter of the
above John Lacy, and in this family it long continued. The present
lady of the manor is Mrs. Campbell, formerly Miss Charlotte Went-
worth, who lately intermarried withWilliamArchibald Campbell, Esq.

The village of Luddenden partly lies within this township. The
derivation of this word appears to be somewhat doubtful. Dr.
Johnson, in his MSS. collections of Yorkshire, says — "according
to tradition it takes its name from a dane named Lordan who inha-
bited there, and gave it the name Lordan-den, now by corruption
Luddenden." This derivation is disputed by Mr. Watson, who
says — "it shews how inattentive the doctor was to the true grounds
of etymological learning, Lordan was not the particular name of
any dane, but a general one;" and adds, "Luddenden is derived
from the Anglo-Saxon LoS, Lu8, or LyS, which signified water ;
and Sene, a valley : the last syllable appears to be redundant, unless
the stream which waters this valley was called the LoSSen." But
it would seem that even Mr. Watson is not altogether right in his
conjecture, for Dr. Wuitaker says — "It appears evidently to be
derived from the Saxon pluS loud, and bene a valley, from the loud
roar of the stream which runs along it."

ST. Mary's, luddenden.

The first licence for the celebration of masses and other divine
offices within this chapel, is to be found in the register of archbishop
Rotheram, dated a. d. 1436, in which the inhabitants of Midgley,
Sowerby and Warley are stated to have already erected at their own
expence, a chapel in the vale of Luddenden ; assigning as a reason
that " frequenter cum ad suam ecclesiam parochialem de Halifax
diebus festivalibus advenerint, infra eandem ecclesiam suam paro-
chialem, quam vis tempus fucrit pluvlosum, vcl aliis procellarum
Uirbiuibus intciupcratum pro raidtitudine poi)uli et parochiauorum


hiis diebus augmentatis intrare vix valeant." The great increase of
population is here distinctly referred to. What might be the size or
structure of the first chapel does not appear, but it was never conse-
crated nor had rights of sepulture. It appears however that archbishop
Cranmer, by virtue of his legatine power, gave licence for its conse-
cration to archbishop Lee, who died before it was performed. Yet
divine service, Catholic and Protestant, continued to be performed
in this chapel till the year 1624 ; when Archbishop Toby Mathews
granted a commission to consecrate the chapel of Luddenden, to
John (Bridgman,) bishop of Chester, or John, bishop of Sodor and
Man ; and also to Charles Greenwood, clerk, rector of Thornhill ;
Hugh Ramsden, B. D. rector of Methley ; and Nathaniel Walsh,
A. M. ; accompanied by this singular clause — " quatenus dictam
capellam cum caemeterio de Midgley praedicto, retroactis tempor-
ibus beate Marie virgini dedicatam (" or called by the name of,")
consecretis et sanctificetis, seu iinus vestrum consecret et sanctificet."
From the first clause directed to either bishop disjunctively, with
the conjunctive necnon applied to the priests, it was evidently in-
tended that a bishop should be of the number. But the clause
" quorum semper unus sit Episcopus" was unaccountably omitted,
and the subsequent "seu unus vestrum" was understood to empower
a priest alone to perform the office ; and, in consequence of this
understanding, the church and church-yard were actually consecra-
ted, and the return to the mandate attested by Greenwood and
Walsh alone. "Such a delegation to priests, of an office properly
episcopal, is not (observes Dr. Whitaker) to be found in the annals
of the church of England." The chapel thus consecrated contained
in length 28 yards, and in breadth within walls 8 yards and a foot ;
the circumference of the church yard, 240 yards ; the breadth east
and w'est 63 yards, and north and south 58 yards.

The chapel was invested with the same privileges as Heptonstall
and Elland, and possessed the right of baptism, the nuptial bene-
diction, and of burial.

In 1662, an arbitration was agreed upon between Halifax and
the inhabitants of Midgley and Warley, because the latter refused
to pay their proportion towards the repairs of the mother clmrch,
alleging that they were freed from Halifax by a grant made to St.
Mary's chapel in Midgley ; and it seems as if it was given against


Midgley and Warley, because it is said in an old church-book at
Halifax, that "they could not make it out." After this, however,
in a faculty (formerly kept in Luddenden chapel) for erecting a loft
there, dated in 1703, it was called a parochial chapel.

In the year 1816 the old chapel was pulled down in consequence
of its delapidated condition, and the present chapel which is a neat
gothic structure was erected on its scite, and has been since conse-
crated. Mr. Horner has preserved a very interesting drawing of
the old fabric.


Richard Deyne, of Deynehouse, son and heir of John Deyne,
of Myggelay, gave to John Myggelay, son of Robert Myggelay,
Richard Sladen, of Myggelay, the younger, Richard Patchett of
the same, William Ferroure, son and heir apparent of Henry Fer-
roure, Robert Shawe, son of James Shawe, and Robert Thomas,
of Myggelay aforesaid, one yearly rent of thirteen shillings and
four-pence, issuing out of a messuage with lands and tenements,
called Herrebothlegh, in Luddyngden, within Myggelay aforesaid,
to the use of John Robynson, capellane in the chapel of St. Mary
of Luddyngden aforesaid, and his successors in the same chapel,
for the time being, for ever, and payable at the feasts of Pentecost
and St. Martin in winter, by equal portions, or within forty days
after each of the said feasts, with power of distress to the above
trustees, and their heirs, if the said yearly rent is unpaid for forty
days after it becomes due as aforesaid.

This extract was taken, by Watson, from the original deed, in
Latin, lent by the late curate of Luddenden. It was dated at
Myggelay, March 6, 17 Hen, VIII. and is in the form of a charter.

It is said that Richard Deyne left the above, because he had
killed in a duel one Brooksbank, of Bankhouse, in Warley.

John Crossley, of Kershawhouse in Midgley, gave (as appcai'cd
from a table in Luddenden cliapel) two pounds two shillings yearly,
to the curate of Luddenden, for preaching a sermon every first
Wednesday after the sixth day of March. One account makes this
only forty shillings.

Extract from the will of John Midgley, of Midgley.

" I give to the curate of the chapel of Luddenden, for the time
being, and his survivors, curates there, forever, one fulling-mill or


paper=-mill, with one holme or croft thereto belonging, to preach a
sermon yearly and every year, for ever, upon every sixteenth day
of February from and after my decease ; and also one loft in the
said chapel which was erected therein (and is now standing) by my
deceased brother William Midgley, to and for the use and benefit
of the said curate for ever."

In Luddenden chapel is kept a faculty obtained by the above
William Midgley, for erecting the loft here mentioned, dated in 1 703.

The money arising from this benefaction, is said, in a table in
Luddenden chapel, to be two pounds ten shillings yearly ; but it
now makes three pounds yearly, besides the loft, which raises about
ten shillings more.

The following augmentations have been granted by the gover-
nors of the bounty of queen Anne to this chapel: in 1732, £200
by lot, with which, and with other contributions made in the
chapelry, a farm was bought in Midgley, called Newearthhead.
In the years 1772 and 1787 two further sums were obtained by
lot, also £200 in the year 1810. In 1811, £300 was granted, to
meet a benefaction of £200 by the chapelwardens ; and in 1813
another sum of £300 was granted, to meet a benefaction by the in-
habitants ; and in the year 1815 a further sum of £1000 was grant-
ed by lot. The annual value of the benefice is stated to be £132
in the last parliamentarj' report presented by command of His
majesty. The Rev. R. Jarratt, M. A. is the present incumbent.

Among the places worthy of note in this township are


The ancient seat of the Lacies, probably, says Dr. Whitaker,
a base descent from the great house of that name. The Dr. also
says, the house of the Lacies stood on the scite of a farm-house at
the bottom of the hill, and near the fifth milestone from Halifax,
but this is not confirmed by the opinion of the neighbourhood, the
old house on the top of the hill being generally denominated Brear-
ley Hall and has always gone by that name. It was the seat
of the Soothills, till it came by marriage of Isabel, daughter and
heiress of Gerhard Soothill, of Brearley, esq. to Gilbert, second
son of John Lacy, of Cromwellbottom, esq. in whose right he was
seised of Brearley and Midgley, &c. It has sometimes been written


Brierley, which gives an easy etymology of its name. Watson
has given the pedigree of Lacy of Brearley,


Situated near the banks of the Gaidar, w^as so named from being
a woody part, as it doubtless then was, adjoining to the water,
called by the Anglo-Saxons Ea. The mansion is a large substan-
tial gentleman's house, and was long the seat of the Farrers, whose
pedigree will be found set forth in Watson. They were for some
time resident here, one of the family was justice of the peace during
the time of the civil wars, and there is every reason to believe that
many marriages were solemnized here during the Commonwealth.


Is a respectable family mansion, and erected by the Midglcys
of Midgley, in the year 1 650 ; they were at one time a family of
some repute here, bearing arms. A pedigree of them may be met
with in Thoresby's Topography, p. 21.



This ecclesiastical division of the parish next claims our atten-
tion. It consists of the following townships, viz.





I have before stated that when this division took place there is
nothing to shew ; but there is every reason to believe that it has
existed from time immemorial. Watson says, there have been se-
veral attempts to prove EUand and Heptonstall divisions to be dis-
tinct parishes of themselves, but he has adduced no proof in support
of this hypothesis ; the probability is that the division was made for
the convenience of the inhabitants, for it appears that even town-
ships were divided for greater ease : — Soyland, a part of Sowerby,
was allotted to Elland : and Erringden, another part, was allotted
to Heptonstall.

The family at Elland having founded the chapel there for the
convenience of themselves and their dependants, it is not improbable
that they might have prevailed on the rectors to make the bounds
of the chapelry co-extensive with those of the founders' jurisdiction ;
or in other words that the chaplains at Elland and Heptonstall
might be allowed to baptize, marry, and bury there, the rectors
paying yearly to the ministers of the chapels the sum of £4 for their
maintenance, and presenting to the same as often as any vacancy

I shall reserve all that further relates to ecclesiastical matters


until a subsequent part of the chapter, simply remarking that in :i
book of accounts kept at Elland, beginning March 12th, 1561, it is
said, that the order for chusing churchwardens yearly within the
parish or chapelry of Elland, by the gentlemen and chief parishion-
ers is thus. The churchwarden in Elland two years, and Greetland
one. Rishworth-cum-Norland year for year. Barkisland every year.
Stalnland three years, and Old Linley one. Rastrick two years, and
Brighouse one. Soyland three years, and Fixby one. Soyland has
the presenter every year.


Elland has its name from the Anglo-Saxon Ea-land, which sig-
nifies land on the side of a river, and this is undoubtedly the cor-
rect mode of spelling it, although custom may have determined
otherwise. It is thus mentioned in Domesday-book: — "InElant
habuit Gamel tres carucatas terrse et dimidium ad geldam ubi ca-
ruca potest esse. Ilbertus habet nunc, et wast. est. T. R. E. va-
luit XX solidos silva pastura dimidium leuga? longitudine, et quatuor
quarentense latitudine, et quatuor acras prati :" which is thus trans-
lated — " In Elland Gamel had three carucates of land and a half to
be taxed, where there may be two ploughs. Ilbert now has it, and
it is waste. Value in king Edward's time, twenty shillings. Wood
pasture half a mile long and four quarentens broad, and four acres
of meadow." The survey of lands belonging to this Norman, Ilbert
de Lacy, occupies not less than seven pages of Domesday, and the
family, afterwards earls of Lincoln, are said to have possessed 25
towns in the wapentake of Morley, of which this was one, and they
held it of the king, in capite. It is within the honor of Pontefract.
How the manor passed from the Lacies to the family of Elland does
not appear, but that one Leisingus de Ealand had large possessions
here about the time of Henry II. is certain from the fact of their
holding courts for the better government of the tenants, and to pre-
vent damage to the estate. On this account it is probable that the
family became lords of the manor here. This is confirmed by the
following words of an inquisition taken at Wakefield, in 1577. —


"Thomas de Thorneton quondam tenuit in Eland quintam partem
unius feodi militis in qua villa clam, habere manerium cum cur. let.
ratione tenurse prccdictse." 32 Edw. I. the king granted, by charter,
to Hugh de Ealand free warren in all his demesne lands in Ealand,
&c. In Dodsworth's MSS. it is said Sir John Eland of Eland was
a man of great account and high steward to the earl Warren, of the
manor of Wakefield and other lands in the north parts. He was lord
of Eland and other places.

10 Edward II. the king granted to John de Ealand a free market
at his manor of Ealand. The male descendants of the Ealands ha-
ving been cut off in the deadly feud that occurred about that time,
(an account of which will be found hereafter,) the manor became
vested in Sir John Savile on his marriage with Isabel the daughter
and heiress of Ealand ; for it appears in a fine levied 46 Edw. III.
that John Savile, of Ealand, knt. and Isabel, his wife, were plain-
tiffs and John de Brumpton, parson of the church of Badsworth,
deforc. of the manor of Ealand, &c. and in this family of Savile it
still continues. In a MS. copy of an old survey of the knight's fees
within Agbrigg and Morley, it is said, "Isabella nuper ux. Jolfis
Savile Mil. ten. maner. de Elande jura hereditario, & redditperan.
ad term. S. Martini 6s. 4d. Eadem tenet ter. & ten. nuper Tho. de
Thorneton, & reddit per ann. &c. 6s. 4d."

"In the first vol. of Hopkinson's MSS. fol. 161, Edward Savile,
esq. son and heir of sir Henry, knt. of the bath, is said to have held
the manors of Ealand, Southowram, Greetland, and several others,
of the lord Monteagle, by unknown service, 1 Eliz. And at fol.
156 of the same MS., Henry Savile, knight of the bath, is said to
have held the same manors (1 Eliz.) of the queen, as of the honor
of Pontefract, by military service. It seems, therefore, as if queen
Elizabeth had, soon after her accession to the crown, made some
kind of a grant of these manors to the family of Stanley, but I know
of no such thing. Mr. Hopkinson, at p. 1 lO, has made a mistake
when he tells us, that the manor of Elland was held of the king,
20 Hen. VII. as of his manor of Wakefield, by military service."

Watson also refers to the copy of an instrument in his posses-
sion (date omitted) wherein Robert Kaye, of Woodsome, and Wil-
liam Ramsden, of Langlcy, two justices of the peace, certify, " that
whereas the kings of England had granted under the great seal, to


the dukes of Lancaster, that their men, tenants, sen^ants, and all
others dwelling within the liberties of the duchy of Lancaster, should
be free from payment of any toll, pawnage, passage, lastage, toll-
age, carriage, and pickage, throughout England, the town of
Elland, in the county of York, was parcel of the king's honor of
Pontefract, parcel of his duchy of Lancaster, and that the inhabi-
tants thereof ought to be free from toll accordingly.

Independently of the delightful situation of Elland, characterized
by Dr. Whitaker as the warmest and most beautiful in the Parish,
the name is associated with one of those lawless outrages against
the peace and order of society, which too frequently disgraced the
history of our feudal times.

Situated on the southern bank of the Calder, a little beneath
the union of two valleys whose sides are hung with native oak ; and
looking downwards a fine expanded reach of the river, the more
improved husbandry around it indicates the beginning of a clearer
atmosphere, and a warmer climate than those of the hills ; "in fact,
(says the learned Dr.) had not superstition triumphed over pleasure
and convenience together, nature and common sense would have
pointed it out as the proper scite for the capital of the parish."

That Elland at an early period was a place of some trade, or rather
that it was the principal place of trade within this extensive parish,
and maintained a rivalry with Halifax, may be inferred from the fact
that it was the only town within this district that had the privilege
of holding a market by charter, and that it once possessed a cloth hall.
The charter was dated 10 Edw. IL when that king, at the request of
John, earl of Warren, granted to John (afterward Sir John) Eland a
free market on Tuesday at his manor of Eland, and two fairs there by
six days, viz. one next day before the eve, on the day of the eve,
and on the day of St. Peter in bonds. There is still a market-place
and cross remaining, and toll is taken by the lord's steward when any
thing is offered to sale in the streets ; the fairs arc also kept up, but
no markets of any consequence have been held there for many years.

1 here is a tradition that the market was discontinued at the time
of the plague, but after diligent enquiry I do not find that it is
supported by any written authority. I think the more probable
conjecture is, that as the town of Halifax not only increased in
wealth and population, but became the resort of clothiers and ma-


nufacturers at stated periods, who found its locality, in connection
with Leeds, Bradford, and other manufacturing places, so much
more convenient than EUand for the purposes of trade ; the market
grew into disuse, its cloth hall fell into decay, the spirit of rivalry
which formerly existed between the two places ceased, and Halifax
gained that ascendancy which she continues to maintain at the
present day.


The parochial chapel, which is dedicated to St. Mary, is reputed
to be the oldest place of worship in the parish, with the exception
of the mother church. None can come in competition with it except
Heptonstall, but the residence from a very early period of a great
family here, (the EUands,) and none at Heptonstall, together with
the obscure and remote situation of the latter place, turns the scale
on the side of Elland.

Online LibraryEng. (Lancashire). Parish BuryThe registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) → online text (page 39 of 52)