Eng. (Lancashire). Parish Bury.

The registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) online

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In the endowment deed, however, of the vicarage of Halifax,
(see Appendix A) is recited a former confirmation by Pope Alexander
IV, of that benefice, cum suis capellis. This Pope died about the year
1260, and this is the earliest evidence which appears on the subject.

The chapel has a nave, chancel, and aisle, with a tower at the
"West end containing eight musical bells. The oldest parts of the
present edifice, (notwithstanding some unskilful pretensions to an
higher antiquity,) are of much later date ; "I should conjecture,"
says Whitakee, " not earlier than the reign of Henry VII ; the
columns are angular and rather slender, and the general proportions
are of that time. The fine East window which I remember much more
perfect than at present, appears to be of the same hand with that of
the Saville chapel at Thornhill. Having been rebuilt after the first
lords, the Ellands, merged in another name, no chantry or family
burying place appears to have been retained at that time." My
limits will not allow me to particularize the armorial bearings, mo-
numents and monumental inscriptions which are to be found within
this venerable fabric, I must content myself by simply mentioning
them. The epitaphs are entirely devoid of interest.

In the East window, are the arms of John of Gaunt, duke of Lan-
caster, who died in 1399, and had Elland as part of his honor of
Pontefract. The same are repeated with some diflference in the sup-
porters, crown and label. In the same window were the arms of



ELLAND-CUM-GREETLAND. 435

France and England within a garter, with Honi soit, &c. but no crown
or supporters. There were also some coats of private families painted
in a window in this quire, which Dr. Johnson, who surveyed the
place, July 23, 1669, could not well make out, they were so de-
faced. Mr. Watson has given a short account of them, and has
also preserved the following inscription, taken from a window in

the choir: — "Pray for the gud prosperity, mercy of John

Savtle, of Holly-ngezeth, Esquire, and Elizabet his vvyflFe,
dowzter of Robert Hopton, and all their c. . Ider, qwyche causyt
thys wyndow to be mayde."

In a part belonging to Savile and Thornhill, a man kneeling at
prayer, and in armor, his upper garment alternately white and red,
behind him, in the same posture, his wife, her garment the same,
only in two places thereof two bars gemells, argent ; behind her,
another woman, in the same posture and dress. Under these figures
in old characters : — " Orate pro prosperitate Willielmi Thorn-
hill, et Elizabet. uxoris ejus, et Johannes Thornhill, filii et
heredis eorundem, et JifN^ uxoris suae, et prosperitate Niciii. . . .
et Agnetis consortis suae, filiorum et filiarum eorundem, ac omnium
Benefactorum suorum." This from Dr. Johnson's MS. There
were also the following inscriptions in the North quire : — " Pray
for the gude prosperity, mercy, and grace of sir John Savile, Knt.
daughter and one of the heirs. . . . childere, and for the saul of his
abovesaid wief, daughter of sir William Vernon, the which sir John
causyd this window to be made the yere. ..." In the North win-
dow ; — "Pray ye for the souls of George Sayvell, son of John
Sayvell, Esq. and of Margaret, his wife, daughter of Thomas
Scargill, Esq. which .... caused this window to be made."

At the beginning of Elland Register (the first date of which is
April 1, 1559) is this entry: — "The window over the quier or
chancell dore was made in the yere of our Lord 1310, as it was
written in the same window where the glass was broken, An. Dom.
1618." "This is impossible ; (says Dr. Whitaker,) but I believe
the date to have been 1510, which will agree with all the appear-
ances of the architecture, as well as the chronology of the families
who are recorded."

The chancel at Elland is caUed St. Mary's quire ; the North
quire, St. Nicholas's quire ; and that on the South, St. John's quire.

F F 2



436 TOWNSHIP OF

The vicar of Halifax has from time immemorial presented to this
chapel, notwithstanding attempts have been made to prove Elland
a distinct parish ; for which there might have been some pretence
had the chapel there been erected before the mother church, which
has also been contended for. There can be no doubt but that what
is now called the parochial chapelry of Elland, was looked upon as
part of the parish of Halifax, before any place of religious worship
was erected at Elland, otherwise it had been a parish of itself to all
intents and purposes, and totally unconnected with Halifax.

The minister receives a yearly stipend of four pounds from the
vicar of Halifax, which has been paid from time immemorial ; and
which, at the time it was originally given, was a sufficient mainte-
nance for a clergyman in that station. Heptonstall receives the
same pension.

The chapelry supports its own chapel, and is entirely independ-
ant of the mother church in all that relates to the church-rate : it
possesses the rights of baptism, marriage, and sepulture. The in-
cumbent also appropriates the surplice fees to his own use, not of
right but of indulgence, which was originally granted a. d. 1063,
as appears from the register. A similar indulgence was granted to
Heptonstall, These two chapelries also contended for the mor-
tuaries within their respective divisions, but the right to these was
clearly with the vicar prior to their extinguishment.

This chapel was in 1736 returned by the governors of Queen
Anne's bounty, to have had, 3rd of Anne, a clear yearly value of
£26 10s. In the year 1 724, the governors granted a bounty of
£200, to meet a benefaction of £200 by Mr. Lancaster and others,
with which sum a farm was subsequently purchased by the then
curate, called Blean Farm, in the parish of Askarth, near Askrig,
containing about thirty days work of land, with liberty of thirteen
cattle gates in four different pastures, and a common right for an
hundred sheep. In the year 1824 the governors granted a further
augmentation of £400 by lot. Watson mentions two sums of 20s.
each payable yearly to the curates of Elland ; one sum payable out
of Marshall hall, the other out of a close in Stainland. The yearly
revenue of the curacy, as stated in the report before alluded to, is
£147, there is also a glebe house attached. The Rev. C. Atkin-
son is the present Incumbent.



ELLAND-CUM-GREETLAND. 437

There was formerly a Chantry at Elland, which by inqui-
sition taken at Pontefract, 19 Richard II. appears to have been
founded for one chaplain, presentable by sir John Savill, knt. and
Isabel his wife, and their heirs, within fifteen days from the time
of any vacation, for the said chaplain to celebrate therein, at the
altar of St. John Baptist, for the good estate of John duke of Ac-
quitain and Lancaster, of John Sayvill, knt. and Isabel his wife,
and the children of the said John and Isabel, and for the souls of
the said duke, and said John and Isabel, and the souls of their
children after death ; and for the souls of Henry late earl of Lan-
caster, John Sayvill, and Margery his wife, parents of said John
Sayvill, knt. also of Thomas de Eland, and Joan his wife, parents
of the said Isabel, of John Rylay, Thomas Cross, Chaplain, and
Richard Schepard, of Eland, and the friends and benefactors of said
John Sayvill, knt. and Isabel, and for the souls of all the faithful
deceased.

The deed by which the above was founded, may be seen in Mr.
Watson's history, its length precludes its insertion here : it was
confirmed by archbishop Scroope.

In the certificate of the archbishop of York and others concern-
ing chantries, &c. 2 Edw. VI. this chantry is thus described ; —
"The Chuntrie in the Chapell of Heland, in the Poch of Hallifaxe.
John Sysson, incumbent of the foundacon of John Savyle, Knt. to
the entent to pray for the sowle of the Founder, and all Xpen sowles,
and to do dyvyne service in the said chapell, and to mynystre Sa-
crements in the same, havynge thereunto belonginge 1 800 people.

"The same is in the Poch abovesaid, distuute from the Poch
Church two myles. The necitie is to have divyne service and sa-
crements and sacrementalls done and mynystred ther. Ther is no
land alienate or sold sithence the 4th day of Februarye, Anno R.
R. Hen. 8vi. 28o.

" Goods, ornaments and plate perteynynge to the same, as ap-
perythby the inventorye, viz. Goodes valued at 13s. 8d. Plate at
52s. First, the Mancon-house of the said Incumbent, rented at
2s. 6d. and one annuall rente, goynge furth of the lands of Sir
Henrie Savell, Knt. lienge in Wyke, of lOGs. 8d. Sum of the
said Chuntrie 109s. 2d. wherof payable to the King's Ma*»''. for the
tenths lOs. Ud. And so rcmanyth £1 iSs. od." lu the list of



438 TOWNSHIP OF

pensions and annuities paid in 1553, to incumbents of chantries,
published in Wihhis's History of Abbies, vol. ii. p. 291, the pension
to John Scisson, at Elland, is only called £5 ; but, from other au-
thorities, I judge this to be a mistake.

From what has been said it is evident, that Elland chapel was
not erected purely as a chantry chapel, since it was more than a
century after its being first built that we hear of a chantry priest
there. The argument, therefore, made use of to exclude the vicar of
Halifax from presenting to this chapel, because it has been a chantry
chapel, and privately endowed, is ill founded, both because it was
set up merely as a chfupel of ease to Halifax ; and supposing it had
been otherwise, yet we find, that the priory of Lewis first granted
it to the vicar of Halifax, and afterwards the king himself did the
same, when, after the dissolution, he was impowered by statute
to present to this living.

There was a light kept up here in former times, as I find by
deed, but when founded does not appear. The original deed was
at Okes, in Rishworth, importing that Walter de Frith granted to
John his son a moyety of his land in Arnaldelyes, and a moyety of
the land which he bought of Tho. de Thornton, lying within Boyn-
ley (Bottomley) and Barkeslond, and a moyety of the land which
he bought of Hugh, son of Julian, and others, paying yearly to
Hugh de Eland a farthing and half farthing (quadrant et dim. qua-
drant.) to Thos. Thornton two pence of silver and one halfpenny,
to John de Barkislond one arrow feathered with a goose feather ;
and also paying yearly to the said Walter three-pence and one
halfpenny of silver at Martinmass, and after the death of the said
Walter the same to go to the light of the Blessed Virgin Mary of
the church of Eland, (debent reverti ad Lumen beate Marie Virginis
ecclesie de Eland.) There is no date to this deed, but amongst the
witnesses are Hugh de Eland, Hen. de Risseworth, and Tho. de
Coppeley, all whom were contemporary about the year 1287.

The testamentary burials at Elland, it appears from Torr's MS.
are of an earlier date than at Halifax ; the first is a, d. 1399, John
Sayvill, of Eland, Chevalier.

ELLAND HALL,

Is within the township, but on the North side of the Calder ; in
many maps it is put down on the South side of that river through



ELLAND-CUM-GREETLAND. 439

mistake. It was, for several generations, the seat of the ancient
and honoralile family of the Elands ; who, there is every reason to
believe, lived here in great splendor until the deadly feud herein-
after mentioned, when it became vested by marriage in the Savile
family. A barn belonging to the house was pulled down in Mr.
Watson's time, supposed to have been a chapel from the form of the
window. In one of the lodging-rooms several scripture sentences
had been written on the pannels of the wainscot, but were then al-
most defaced. Some very ancient furniture remained in the house,
which is now inhabited by tenants ; in particular, there were two
massy bedsteads with a great deal of carved and inlaid work about
them, on one of Avhich was the date 1566. The building was of
timber, as was the custom some hundred years ago, and between
two of the walls was a vacancy of a considerable size, and perhaps
deeper than the foundation of the edifice, which no doubt had its
use in troublesome times. " It is not likely (says Dr. Whitaker)
that the Savilles ever wholly deserted EUand hall, on account of the
large estates in the neighbourhood. It had, like every other man-
sion of the same rank in ancient times, a park ; and a ver}' few aged
oaks may perhaps have been contemporary with the EUands, and
with the deadly affray by which the name became extinct."

The best account, says Watson, I can give of this once famous
family is this : — " Leisingus de Eland, as by deed sans date, and
who gave name to Lasing-croft in Yorkshire, married, and had
Henry de Eland, who married the daughter and coheir of Whitworth
of Whitworth. By her he had sir Hugh de Eland, as by deed sans
date. He married and had sir John de Eland, who was living 30
Hen. III. and also 3 Edw. I. for in this latter year a riot was pre-
sented at Brighouse Turne, upon John Eland and John Quermby,
about a distress which Eland had taken from Quermby, for aid to
make his son a knight, for lands in Stainland. This sir John mar-
ried, and had sir Hugh de Eland, who married Joan, daughter and
coheir of sir Richard Tankcrsley, knt. This sir Hugh is said to
have died 3 Edw. II. He Avas witness to a deed of John earl War-
ren, dated at Koningsburgh, 5 Oct. 1 Edw. II. 1307, wherein the
earl confirmed to the free burgesses of Wakefield and their heirs,
their privileges, viz. to each a toft of an acre in free burgage, for
six-pence rent per ann. with liberty of free trade in all his lands in



440 TOWNSHIP OF

Yorkshire, and wood to burn ; for which charter they gave to earl
Hamelin, his countess, and son, seven pounds ; and amongst the
witnesses was Hugh de Elond, the grandfather of this sir Hugh.
Besides this confirmation, the said earl John, by the deed above-
named, granted to the said burgesses to be toll free in all his lands
for all wares and merchandize of their own manufacture, and that
they should not be obliged to answer at any court but his, called
Burman-court, in Wakefield, unless for trespasses against himself;
and that whatsoever goods should be bought of any burgess for
him or his use, at certain rates, should be paid for within forty days,
and pawnage for every hog 2d. and pig Id. and to have commonage
for all cattle but goats, in all woods, moors, &c. except New and
Old Park, and the great meadow, (only not in fawning time,) and
that they might inclose and hedge their corn ground, and fright
away his deer from thence without horn. Sir Hugh had by Joan
his wife, 1. sir Thomas de Eland. 2. Richard, 3. Margaret, and 4.
Wymark. Of these, Margaret married to her first husband, John
Lacy, to whom, and to his heirs by the said Margaret, her father
gave, by deed in 1293, all his land in South Owram, and all his
tenants there and their services, except his manor of Eland, and the
service of his tenants in Eckisley, and the pasture in the Stony-
bancke, for a rent of 26s. yearly, and suit to his mill. They had
issue. The said Margaret married, to her second husband, William
the constable of Nottingham castle, when earl Mortimer was there
taken prisoner. In a book, intitled "The Cronicles of Englonde,
with the fruyte of tymes, imprynted at London by Wynkyn de
Worde, in 1528," folio 114 and 115, is an account how this Wil-
liam de Eland betrayed earl Mortimer : an extract will be found in
Watson, p. J 67.

The existence of the other daughter is proved from a deed in
the chartulary of Whalley Abbey, folio 234, wherein Robert de
Mitton grants to Gilbert de Norton, for his homage and service, and
20s. of silver, two bovats of land in Wordelword, and two bovats
in Heleye, which Hugh de Elond, father of Richard de Elond, gave
with Wymark his daughter, in free marriage to Jordan de Mitton,
grandfather to the said Robert, paying yearly 4s. of silver at the
feast of St. Oswald, of which 2s. was to be yearly paid at Martin-
mas to Hugh de Elond. From hence also it appears that Richard



ELLAND-CUM-GREETLAND. 441

de Eland, by the manner of his being mentioned here, was the
eldest son of sir Hugh, but dying perhaps in his minority without
issue in the life time of his father, the said sir Hugh was succeeded
in title and estate by his son, sir Thomas de Eland, who married
and had sir John de Eland, knight of the shire for Yorkshire, with
sir William Grammary, 14 Edw. HI. ; and sheriff of Yorkshire, 15
Edw. III. in which year it is said, that he marched privately in the
night, at the head of a body of his tenants, and put to death three
neighboring gentlemen in their own houses, an account of which
will be given below. This sir John married three wives, 1 . Alice,

daughter of sir Robert Lathom. 2ndly. Ann, daughter of

Rygate, s. p. 3dly. Olive By Alice, his first wife, he had

1. Sir John de Eland, who had a son, name unknown, and Isabel.

2. Thomas de Eland, esq. 3. Henry. 4. Margery. 5. Isabel,
and 6. Dionysia. In the account of the feodary of the honour of
Pomfret, of the lands and tenements in Eland in the hands of the
lord, by the minority of the heir of Thomas de Eland, is 01. 1 8s. 2d,
for the term of Whitsuntide, 1 350. After the death of sir John de
Eland, and his son and heir, sir John Savile, of Tankersley, pur-
chased in 1350 the wardship of Isabel Eland, daughter of the said
sir John, from the lord of the honour of Pontefract, for £200. See
Comput. seneschall. honoris de Pomfrete, p. J 7. After this purchase
he married her, and in her right became possessed of the estates
belonging to that family.

There are two narratives of the hereditary feud, before alluded
to, one in prose and the other in verse. Both have been printed, and
no less distinguished antiquaries than Watson our own historian,
Beaumont of Whitley, and Dr. Whitaker, have written commen-
taries upon it. Wright would not print it in his history of
Halifax, because he disbelieved it, stating as his reason that the
whole seemed to have been done in defiance of law ; but we are
informed that this mode of executing private revenge was not in-
frequent among the Norman barons and their descendants. In
Brady's History of the i-cign of king Stephen, p. 281, it is there
said — "if any earl or great man found himself aggrieved by another,
they frequently got together all their men-at-arms or knights that
held of them, their other tenants and poor dependants, and as much
assistance from their friends and confederates as they could, and



442 TOWNSHIP OF

burnt one another's castles and houses, &c." and an instance of it
is mentioned in the history of "the Manor," (p. 53) where the king
interfered : and it will be shewn in the sequel that this very feud,
as it is called, arose out of a quarrel between the earl of Lancaster
and the earl of Warren, regarding Alice de Laci, the heiress of
Pontefract.

The following metrical record of the event was transcribed by
Mr. Hopkinson about the year 1650, and has nothing but internal
evidence to support the truth of the story which it relates.

HISTORY OF SIR JOHN ELAND, OF ELAND, AND HIS ANTAGONISTS.

1 NO -n-orldly Tright can here attain always to have their will;
But now in grief, sometimes in pain, their course they must fulfil.

2 For when men live in worldly wealth, full few can have that grace,
Long in the same to keep themselves, contented with their place.

3 The Squire must needs become a Knight, the Knight a liord would be,
Thus shall you see no worldly wight, content with liis degree.

4 For pride it is that pricks the heart, and moves men to mischief,
All kind of pity set apart, withouten grudge or grief.

5 Where pride doth reign within the heart, and wickedness in will,
The fear of God quite set apart, their fruits must needs be ill.

6 Some cannot suffer for to see, and know their neighbours thrive,
Like to themselves in good degree, but rather seek their lives.

7 And some must be possess'd alone, and such would have no peer,
Like to themselves they would have none dweU nigh them any where.

8 With such like faults was foul infect, one sir- John Eland, knight ;
His doings make it much suspect therein he took delight.

9 Some time there dwelt at Crossland hall, a kind and courteous knight.
It was well known that he withal sir Robert Beaumont hight.

10 At Eland sir John Eland dwelt within the manor hall,
The town his own, the parish held most part upon him all.

11 The market-town was Eland then, the patent hath been seen,
Under king Edward's seal certain, the first Edward I ween.

12 But now I blush to sing for dread, knowing mine own country
So basely stor'd with Cain his seed there springing jjlenteously.

13 Alack, such store of witty men as now are in these days,
Were both unborn, and gotten then, to stay such wicked ways.

14 Some say that Eland sheriff was by Beaumont disobey'd.
Which might him make for that trespass with him the worse appaid.

15 He rais'd the country round about, his friends, and tenants aU,
And for this pui-pose picked out stout, sturdy men and tall.

16 To Quannby hall they came by night, and there the lord they slew,
At that time Hugh of Quarmby hight, before the country knew.

17 To Loclnvood then the self same night, they came and there they slew
Lockwood of Lockwood, that wiley wight, that stirr'd the stiife anew.

18 When they had slain thus suddenly sir Robert Beaumont's aid,
To Crossland they came craftily, of nought they were afraid.

19 The hall was water'd well about, no wight might enter in ;
Till that the bridge was well laid out, they durst not venture in.

20 Before the house they could invade, in ambush they did lodge;
And watch'd a wench with wiley trade, till she let down the bridge.

21 A siege they set, assault they made heinously to the hall ;
The knight's chamber thev did invade, and took the knight withal.



ELLAND-CUM-GREETLAND.



443



22 And this is for most certainty

He fought against them manfully,

23 His servants rose, and still withstood,
In his defence they shed their hlood,

21 The lady cry'd, and shriek'd withal.
Her dearest knight into the, hall,

25 But all in vain, the more pity.
But craft, miscliief, and cruelty,

26 They had a guide that guided them.
The which to tliis that moved them,

27 See here in what uncertainty
At night in his prosperity,

28 I wis a woful house there was.
Their foes then eat hefore their face

29 Two boys sir Robert Beaumont had
Sir John of Eland he them bade

30 The one did eat with him truly,
Adam, the elder, sturdily,

31 See how this boy, said Eland, see
If any be, it will be he,

32 But if that he wax wild anon.
And cut them off by one and one,

33 The first Fray here now have you heard,
And how much mhchief afterward

34 And how the mischief he contrivd
Light on himself shall be descrih'd,

35 The same morning two messengers
To Mr. Towneley and Brereton,

36 Unto the mount beneath Marsden,
But hearing that their inend was slain,

37 AVhen Eland with his wilful ire
Into the coasts of Lancashire,

38 With her she took her cliildren all.
Some time also at Townley hall

39 Brereton and Townley, friends they were
And presently it did appear

•10 They kept the boys till they increas'd
Their father's death to have redrest

41 Ivacy and Lockwood were with them
And Quarmby, kinsman unto them,

42 The feats of fence they practiced.
Till fifteen years were finished,

43 liockwood, "the eldest of them all,
We went into our country all,

44 If Eland have this for well done.
Best were it then we slow liim soon,

45 I saw my father liockwood slain,
And last of all they slew certain

46 () Lord, this Avas a cniel deed !
For to pluck out such wicked weed,

47 To tliis the rest then all agreed.
Of this their purpose how to speed,

48 Two men that time from Quarmby came,
Who then consulted of the same

49 These countrymen, of course only,
2V((.' Turn at Brighouse certainly

50 To Croinwclhottom you must come.
So you may have them all and some,

51 The day was set, the Turn was kept
Full little wist he was beset,



that slain before he was,

unarmed as he was.

and struck with might and main ;

but all this was in vain.

when as from her they led

and there cut off his head.

for pity had no place,

these men did most embrace.

which in their hearts did dwell,

the very Devil in Hell.

this wTetched world is led ;

at morning slain, and dead.

the lord lay slain, and dead,

their meat, ale, wine, and breaiL

there left alive unslain ;

to eat witli him certain.

the younger it was, I think ;

would neither eat nor drink.

his father's death can take ;



Online LibraryEng. (Lancashire). Parish BuryThe registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) → online text (page 40 of 52)