Eng. (Lancashire). Parish Bury.

The registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) online

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that will revengement make.

I shall him soon foresee ;

as time shall then sei-ve me.

the second doth ensue ,•

upon these murders grew.

his ivicked heart within,

mark now— for I begin.

were sent to Lancashire,

their lielps for to require.

now were they come with speed,

they turn'd again indeed. ,

thus Beaumont's blood had shed,

the lady Beaumont lied.

at Brei-eton to remain ;

they sojourned ceilain.

to lier, and of her blood ;

they sought to do her good.

in person and in age,

still kindled their courage.

brought up at Brereton green,

at home durst not be seen.

to weild their weapons well,

and then it so befel.

said, Friends, I think it good,

to venge our father's blood.

he will slay mo indeed,

and cut off Cain his seed.

and Quarmby in the night,

sir Robert Beaumont, knight.

who could their hands refrain;

tho' it were to their pain !

devising day by day,

what was tlie readiest way.

Dawson and Haigh, indeed,

of tliis how to proceed.

said Eland kept alway

and you sliall know tho day.

in the wood there to wait;

and take tliem in a strait.

at Brighouse by sir John ;

then at his coming home.



444



TOWNSHIP OF



52 Dawson and Haigh bad play'd their imrts, and brought from Brereton en



Young gentlemen with hardy hearts,

53 Adam of Beaumont there was laid,
And Lockwood, who was nought afraid

54 In Cromwelbottom woods they lay
Armed they were in good array,

55 To spy the time when Eland came,
Who play'd his part, and shew'd the san

56 Beneath Brookfoot a liill there is
Forth came they to the top of this,

57 From the lane end then Eland came,
Sore wonder'd he, who they could be,

58 Thy court' sy 'vails thee not, sir knight,



as well were known and seen,
and Lacy with him also,
to fight against bis foe.
a number with them mo,
a spy they bad also,
from Brighouse turn that day,
to them there as they lay.
to Brighouse in the wayj
there prying for their p'rey.
and spied these gentlemen,
and val'd his bonnet then,
thou slew my father dear.



Some time sir Robert Beaumont, hight, and slain thou shalt be here



59 Said Adam Beaumont, with the rest
Wliose deaths w-e mind shall be redrest

60 To strike at him still did they strive,
With might and main, to save his life,

61 They cut him from his company,
And there they slew him certainly,

62 Mark here the end of cruelty.
Such end forsooth himself had he,

63 But Beaumont yet was much to blame,
The part he play'd not in the same

64 A pure conscience could never find
Tho' be this day should be assign'd

65 But kind, in these young gentlemen,
And in such sort enforced them

66 The second Fray now here you have,
Of your kindness no more I crave,

67 When sir John Eland thus was slain
Both Beaumont and his fellows then

68 O



thou hast our fathers slain,
of thee, and thine certain,
but Eland still withstood,
but still they shed his blood,
belike at the Lane end ;
and thus he made his end.
such fine hath falshood lo !
as he brought others to.
tho' here he play'd the man,
of a right christian.
an heart to do tliis deed,
Ms own heart's blood to bleed,
crept where it could not go,
their fathers bane to slo.
the third now shall you hear;
hut only to give ear.
indeed the story tells,
fled into Fui-ness fells,
contented yet with this ;



ruel Mars, why wert thou nought „

To shed more blood, but still thou sought, for such thy nature is

69 Their young conscience con-upt by thee, indeed couid never stay,

-n I '"^^^ extreme misery they ran the readiest way.

1; or Cam his seed on every side, with wicked hearts disgrac'd •
VVhich to shew mercy hath denied, ' - .. . '

71 In Furaess fells long time they were
In more mischief contriving there,

72 They bad their snies in this rnnnti"



ley bad their spies in this country
^Vliere sir John Eland liv'd truly,

73 Mo gentlemen then were not there,
Save Savile half part of the year

74 He kept himself from such debate
Twice in the year by Savile gate

75 Adam of Beaumont then truly.
And Quarmby came to their country,

76 To Cromwelbottom wood* they came.
By fond deceit there did they frame,

77 Tliis is the end in sooth to say.

To Eland miln they took their way

78 Into the milne bouse there they brake,
By subtilty thus did they seek,

79 The morning came, the miller sent
These gentlemen in hands her hent,

SO The miller sware she should repent
A good cudgel in hand he hent

♦ Some read <'ha]l".



must needs be now displac'd.

boasting of their misdeed,

how yet they might proceed.

nigh Eland* who then dwell'd

and there bis household held.

in Eland parish dwell'd,

his house at Rushworth held.

removing thence withal.

unto the Bothom hall.

Lacy and Lockwood eke,

their pui-jjose for to seek.

there kept them secretly,

their crafty ci-uelty.

on Palm Sun. e'en at night,
about the mirke midnight,
and kept them secretly,
the young knight for to slay,
his wife for corn in haste,
and bound her hard and fast,
she tarried there so long,
to cliastise her with wrong.



ELLAND-CUM-GREETLAND. 445

81 With haste into the mihi came ho and meant with her to strive,

But they hound him innuediately, and laid him hy his wife.

82The young knight dreamt the self-same night with foes he were hested,

That fiercely fettled them to fight against him in his hed.

83 He told hislady soon of this, but as a tiling most vain;
She weigh'd it light, and said, I wis we must to church certain,

84 And serve God there this present day, the knight then made him bown,
And by the miln-house lay the way that leadeth to the town.

85 The drought had made the water small, the stakes appeared dry;
The knight, his wife, and servants all, came down the dam thereby.

86 When Adam Beaumont this beheld, forth of the miln came he,
His bow in hand with him he held, and shot at him sharply.

87 He hit the knight on the breast plate, whereat the shot did glide;
William of Lockwood, wroth thereat, said, Cousin, you shoot wide.

88 Himself did shoot, and hit the knight, who nought was hurt with this,
Whereat the knight had great delight, and said to them, I wis,

89 If that my father had been clad with such armour certain.
Your wicked hands escap'd he had, and had not so been slain.

90 O Eland town, alack, said he, if thou but knew of this.
These foes of mine full fast would flee, and of their purpose miss.

91 By stealth to work needs must they go, for it had been too much.
The town knowing, the lord to slo for tliem, and twenty such.

92 William of Lockwood was adread the town should rise indeed ;
He shot the knight quite thro' the head, and slew Mm then with speed.

93 His son and heir was wounded there, but yet not dead at all ;
Into the house convey'd he were, and died in Eland-hall.

94 A full sister forsooth had he, an half brother also ;
The full sister Ids heir must be, the half brother not so.

95 The full sister his heir she was^ and Savile wed the same ;
Thus lord of Eland Savile was, and since in Savile name.

96 Lo here the end of all mischief, from Eland, Eland's name
Dispatch'd it was, to their great grief, well worthy of the same.

97 Wliattime these men such frays did frame, deeds have I read, and heard
That Eland came to Savile's name in Edward's days the Third.

98 But as for Beaumont, and the rest, they were undone utterly ;
Thus simple virtue is the best and' chief felicity.

99 By Whittle-lane end they took their flight, and to the old Earth-yate ;
Tlien took the wood, as well they might, and spy'd a privy gate.

100 Themselves conveying craftily, to Anneley-wood that way,
The town of Eland manfully pursued them that day.

101 The lord's servants throughout the town, had cry'd with might and main.
Up, gentle yeomen, make you bown, this day your lord is slain.

102 Whittle, anil Smith, and llininiington, Bury with many mo :

As brimmc as boars they made them bown, their lord's enemies to slo.

103 And, to be short, the people rose throughout the town about ;
Then fiercely following on their foes, with hue and cry, and shout.

104 All sorts of men shew'd their good wills, some bows and shafts did bear ;
Some brought forth clubs, and rusty bills, that saw no sun that year.

105 To church now as the parish came,' theyjoin'd them with the town,
liike hardy men to stand all sam, to fight now were they bown.

106 Beamuont and Quaruiby saw all this, and Lock^wood where tbey stood ;
They fettled them to fence, I wis, and shot as they were wood.

107 Till all their shafts were gone and spent, of force then must they flee;
They had dispatch'd all their intent, and lost no victory.

108 The" hardiest man of them that was, was tiuarmby, this is tnie ;
For he would never turn his face, till Eland men him slew.

109 Lockwood, he bare him on his back, and hid him in Anely wood;
To whom his purse he did betake, of gold and silver good.

110 Here take you this to you, said he, and to my cousins here;

And in yoiir mirth, remember me, when you do make good cheer.



446 TOWNSHIP OF

111 If that my foes should this possess, it were a grief to me ;
My friends welfare is my riches, and chief felicity.

112 Give place mth speed, and fare you well, Christ shield you from mischief;
If that it othenvise befal, it would be my great grief.

113 Their foes so fiercely follow'd on, it was no biding there :
Lockwood, with speed, he went anon, to his friends where they were.

114 With haste then towards Huddersfield, they held their ready way ;
Adam of Beaumont the way he held, to Crossland hall that day.

115 ^Vllen Eland men returned home through Aneley wood that day ;
There found they Quarmby laid alone, scarce dead, as some men say.

1 16 And then they slew him out of hand, dispatch'd him of his pain ;
The late death of their lord Eland inforced them certain.

1 17 Leam, Savile, here, I you beseech, that in prosperity
You be not proud, biit mild and meek, and dwell in charity;

118 For by such means your elders came, to knightly dignity;
Where Eland then forsook the same, and came to misery.

119 Mark here the breach of charity, how wretchedly it ends ;
Mark here how much felicity, on charity depends.

120 A speech it is to ev'ry wight, please God who may or can ;
It wins always with great delight, the heart of ev'ry man.

121 Where charity withdi-aws the heart, from sorrow and sighs deep :
Right heavy makes it many a heart, and many an eye to weep.

122 You gentlemen, love one another, love well the yeomanry;
Count ev'ry Clu'istian man his brother, and dwell in charity.

123 Then shall it come to pass truly, that all men you shall love ;
And after death then shall you be in heav'n, with God above.

124 To whom always, of ev'ry bright, throughout all years and days ;
In heav'n and earth, both day and night, be honor, laud, and praise.

The late Mr. Beaumont supposed the whole to be a fiction, be-
cause at the very period of the tragedy the different parties appear
to have been at peace, so far as it may be inferred from their at-
testing each other's charters. But this argument is not conclusive,
there was an interval of fifteen years, in which though the flame
was not extinct, it was smothered under embers, so that decent ap-
pearances were kept up between the survivors of the families. "In
my opinion (says Whitaker) the poem authenticates itself. Let
the reader turn to Dodsw. MS., and at that part of the pedigree
which refers to this period he will find, what Mr. Watson never ob-
served, that though the estate passed by marriage of a sister of the
last EUand to the Savilles, there was a brother Henry. This is not
accounted for : but the poem informs us that this Henry was a bro-
ther of the half blood, and therefore, the immediate ancestor having
died intestate, could not inherit. This could not be invented."
Then again, the story is so circumstantial, the places, dates, &c. so
specific and so consistent, that he could not conceive it a fable.

Yet the present poem, wherever the writer procured his materials
is later by little less than two centuries than the events which it



ELLAND-CUM-GREETLAND. 447

records- Tradition could never have carried down so many proba-
ble and consistent facts from the reign of Edwd. Ill to that of Hen.
III. and not have failed to gather in its course much of the wonder-
ful and fabulous. The ballad is certainly precisely in the style of
Sternhold and Hopkins, and can claim no affinity with Chaucer.

There is mention made in Dods. MSS. that the event which gave
rise to this tragedy was a fray between the retainers of Earl Warren
and Thomas Earl of Lancaster on the account of Alice de Lacy,
daughter of the Earl of Lincoln, and wife of Thomas Earl of Lan-
caster, Grandson to Henry III. The Earl w^as beheaded 1332.
She died a. d. 1348. This nearly fixes the date of the transaction.
" Sir John Eland of Eland was a man of great account, and high
steward to the earl Warren, of the manor of Wakefield, and other
lands in the north parts. He was lord of Eland, Tankersley, Ful-
bridge, Hinchfield, and Ratchdale : and being sheriff of Yorkshire, he
slew Robert Beaumont in his own house at Crossland Hall, 24 Edw.
Ill, and was himself slain by sir Robert Beaumont's sons, as he
came from keeping the sheriff's turn at his own manor of Brighouse,
and not long after the said Beaumont slew the said sir John Eland's
son and heir as he came over Elland mill dam, on Palm Sunday
morning, there being at that time no bridge there. This appeareth
by evidence and pedigrees in the keeping of John Armytage, of
Kirklees, Esquire, and they have a play and song thereof in the coun-
try still. The quarrel was about the earl of Lancaster, and the earl
Warren, that took away the said earl of Lancaster's wife, there
being a man slain of the said earl Warren's party, in a hurlcy-bur-
ley betwixt the said lords for that matter. Eland came to search
for the murderer, in the said Beaumont's house, who belonged to
the said earl of Lancaster, and slew him there."

Mr. Watson has made some judicious observations on this poem
which I cannot omit, inasmuch as he seems to have bestowed more
than ordinary attention on the subject, although it appears that the
MSS. of Dods. before referred to escaped his attention, he says,
"The origin of this bloody quarrel is not very clear; our poet, at
verse 14, gives us one cause of it, but he speaks very doubtfully
about it. I have read in other MSS. that one Exley had killed the
brother's son of sir John Eland, and that sir Robert Beaumont
screened him from the resentment of sir John, also that the affair



448 TOWNSHIP OF

was, in some measure, made up, sir John Eland having accepted
of a compensation in lieu of justice being done upon the murderer,
but that he afterwards violated the agreement in the manner above
related. It seems not unlikely that some fresh provocation was
given, from what is said inverse 17, Lockwoodof Lockwood being
there charged with something of this sort, when he is called " a
wiley wight," and said to have " stirred the strife anew." He
appears, indeed, to have been a person of a bad character, for in
the court rolls at Wakefield, 35 Edw. I. John de Lockwood was
presented, and afterwards found guilty, of having forcibly ejected
one Matthew de Linthwaite from his free tenement, and when the
earl's grave and bailiff came to take possession thereof, he made an
attempt, with others unknown, to have slain them, so that they
barely escaped with their lives. I have one MS. which says, that
Exley above named was a relation of sir Robert Beaumont's, and
that he happened to kill a sister's (not brother's) son of sir John
Eland's, for which Exley gave to the Elands a piece of land for sa-
tisfaction ; yet notwithstanding sir John sought to slay him, and
he fled thereupon to sir Robert Beaumont for protection ; on which
sir John got together a considerable number of armed men, and in
one night, in the month of May, put to death the said sir Robert,
and two old gentlemen, his near relations, sir Hugh de Quarmby
and old Lockwood. This is so far confirmed, that in Mr. Hopkin-
son's MS. collections at North Bierley, in Yorkshire, it is said,
" that with sir Robert Beaumont were slain his brother William,

and Exley, who had killed the brother's son of sir John

Eland."

"The description given at verse 19, of Crossland hall is true, the
remains of a wet ditch surrounding it are visible to this day ; but
neither Quarmby nor Lockwood houses had the same advantage.
It is said in Hopkinson's MSS. above quoted, " that when sir John
Eland gave bread to Adam Beaumont he threw it at him with dis-
dain ; on which sir John said. He would weed out the offspring of
his blood, as they weed out the weed from corn ;" but this threat-
ning was so far from being verified, that sir John's male issue were
entirely cut off, whilst that of Beaumont continued. It seems that
William de Beaumont, of Whitley, in the parish of Kirkheaton,
married, and had sir Robert Beaumont, knt. who, about 20 Edw.



ELLAND-CUM-GREETLAND. 449

II, married Grace, daughter and heiress of sir Edward Crossland,
of Crossland, knt. hy whom Adam above mentioned, Thomas, and
John, according to a MS. pedigree in my possession ; thougli, at
verse 29, only two boys are mentioned, but the third might be too
young to be noticed, or possibly at that time not born. Adam and
Thomas both died without issue ; John married Alice, daughter of
John Soothill, esq ; by whom Richard, from whom descended a
race, who lived in splendor to the reign of king Charles I. If any
stress may be laid on particular words in a poem of this sort, where
we have one word for rhyme, and another for reason, there is proof,
in the 3Sth verse, that sir Robert Beaumont might have a third
son : for after shewing that lady Beaumont fled into Lancashire, it
follows, " With her she took her children all, at Brearton to
remain." At verse 42, the writer tells us, that these young gen-
tlemen were brought up at Brereton green " till fifteen years were
finished," soon after which they contrived to kill sir John Eland,
as it is said, 21 Edw. III. or 1347 ; if therefore sir Robert Beau-
mont was married 20 Edw. II, or 1320, (as in the pedigree of that
family is asserted,) his son Adam would be, at the death of sir John,
about twenty years of age, and consequently about five years old
at the decease of his father, a circumstance which accounts for the
different behaviour of the two boys described at verse 30, in a very
satisfactory manner ; but at the same time invalidates the reason
contained in verse 14, for sir John Eland was not sheriff of York-
shire till 15 Edw. III. or 1341, and indeed that reason seems on
all accounts inadmissible.

"The Lacy mentioned in verse 53, was no doubt of the Lacys of
Cromwelbottom, the head of which family had just before married
the aunt of sir John Eland, it is not therefore likely that it was
he, unless we read in verse 76, as in some copies, " Cromwelbot-
tom hall," instead of " wood," for then it will seem to follow that
he was involved in the scheme, and permitted the conspirators to
meet privately at his house, to consider of apian for their operations ;
but as he was a neighbour and relation, and is not represented as
having received any injury from sir John, it is hard to say why he
was concerned. It is remarkable, that he is only named when the
ambush was laid for sir John on his return from Brighouse, and
when they came back from Furncss Fells to their own country, but



450 TOWNSHIP OF

is not said to have borne any part in the transaction at Eland mill ;
perhaps he had either repented of what he had done, or thought it
sufficient to assist in taking off the actual murderer of Beaiunont,
and the rest, without punishing the sin of the father on the second
and third generation.

"Verse 93 cannot well be explained, for no authority which I have
seen shews the name of sir John's son and heir ; the half brother
there mentioned was a son of sir John's lady, who was daughter of
Gilbert Umfravile, and widow of Robert Coniers, of Sockborn, in
the county of Durham.

"In verse 98, the lord's servants are represented as calling on the
yeomanry throughout the town to arm to revenge their master's
death ; but in Hopldnson's MSS. it is said, that the town and
neighbourhood were raised by sound of horn, and ringing the bells
backward.*

"After Quarmby was wounded, he is said in Hopkinson's MSS.
to have been hid in an ivy tree in Aneley wood, with an intent to
have been saved, but was discovered by the Eland men on their re-
turn from pursuing, and killed.

"At the end of the printed account of these remarkable transac-
tions, is "A relation of the lives and deaths of Wilkin (or William)
Lockwood, and Adam Beaumont, esqrs. and what adventures hap-
pened to them after the battle with the Eland men, in Anely wood
as the same is recorded in a very ancient manuscript," but evidently
written in the same style as the former. The substance of that story
is this ; that Lockwood after his escape from the pursuit of the
Elanders, retired to a solitary place called Camel-hall, near Caw-
thorn, (now pronounced Cannon-hall,) where he commenced an
amour with a young woman of loose principles, whose father rented
Camel-hall, and they had frequent meetings in a large hollow oak
in Emley park, but were discovered by the keeper, who soon made
the neighborhood acquainted with what he had seen ; on which
Lockwood thought fit to retire to Ferry-bridge, where he remained
for some time in security, and might have continued to have done
so, if his passion for his mistress had not put him upon paying her
a visit, and venturing for that purpose into the common road towards
the place of her habitation, he casually met with two young gentle-

' Although these statements difler, there is no inconsistency.



ELLAND-CUM-GREETLAND. 451

women of his kindred, as they were travelling from Lepton to
Whitley, who informed him that diligent search was made after him
by the sheriff and his men, and several others, and therefore ad-
vised him to go directly to Crossland-hall, to Adam Beaumont,
where he might live safely, and hunt with him and other gentlemen
both the red and fallow deer, at Hanley and Holm-forth, but by no
means to go anymore to this woman, for she would certainly betray
him. To this he so far agreed, that he promised to be at Adam
Beaumont's before he eat or drank, but he no sooner had parted
with them than he posted speedily through the woods to Camel-hall,
thus hasting to his own ruin, (which during his absence his enemies
had contrived) ; for Bosville, who at that time was under-sheriiF,
and owner of Camel-hall, had, a little before Lockwood's arrival,
been with his tenant, to contrive how he might take him prisoner
at his next coming, threatening him, that if he would not discover
him, he would not only take the farm from him, but do him farther
mischief; whereas, if he gave information of him, he should con-
tmue to be tenant there, and have other considerable favors done
him. Influenced by these motives, the tenant, on Lockwood's ar-
rival, gave notice thereof to Bosville, who presently assembling a
great company of men, beset the house, and in the king's name
commanded Lockwood to surrender, who replied, that ' he scorned
to do it so long as he had life and strength to defend himself,' and
making a stout resistance, they threatened to burn the house over
his head ; disregardless however of that, he continued to defend
himself with his bow, and so successfully annoyed his assailants
that they began to despair of taking him, and as the writer thinks,
would have withdrawn their men, if his Dalilah had not, under
the color of a feigned embrace, got the opportunity of cutting
his bow-string in sunder with a knife which she had concealed in
her hand ; notwithstanding which he found means to protect him-
self, till by fair promises he was prevailed upon to surrender liim-.
self; but no sooner did the ungenerous conquerors get him in their
power, than they first bouud him and then cruelly put him to death,
to the utter extirpation of the ancient family of Lockwood of
Lockwood.

"The other champion, Adam Beaumont, as we are told in the
poem, retired after the engagement at EUand, to his paternal seat

G G 2



452 TOWNSHIP OF

at Crossland-hall. Here for some time he lived in security, diverting
himself with hunting and other exercises, not doubting but the
storm had been blown over ; but hearing of the death of Lockwood,
he began to fear for his own safety, and the more so as he had not
a friend left to apply to for council and assistance, for his cousin



Online LibraryEng. (Lancashire). Parish BuryThe registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) → online text (page 41 of 52)