Eng. (Lancashire). Parish Bury.

The registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) online

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Lacy had retired into the north country, and many unexpected
enemies appeared against him, as precepts were sent from London
to the sheriff to arrest him ; he therefore took the resolution to leave
the country, and having landed safe in France, by some means or
other he got into the service of the knights of Rhodes, to fight, vdth
no mean command, in defence of the Christian faith, in the kingdom
of Hungary, against a numerous army of the Turks ; in which ad-
venture he gave signal proofs of his great strength and courage.
And to so high a degree of fame and dignity did he arrive, that
some have even asserted that the name of Beaumont is to be found
registered amongst the knights of Rhodes. However that is, this
(says the same writer) is undoubtedly true, that out of Hungary he
wrote a private letter of the great successes and honors which he
had obtained in that country, all of it written, and subscribed with
his own hand, directed to Jenkyn Dixson, dwelling at the Hole-
house, within the parish of Almondbury, in the county of York ;
and not many years after, his friends received a true and full nar-
rative of his life and death, namely, that his residence was some-
times at Rhodes amongst the knights there, and sometimes in Hun-
gary, where, in one of the engagements against the Turks, he
honorably ended his life."

Attached to Elland Hall although in the township of SouthowTam
is a Park, called Elland Park, of which says Watson the first men-
tion is in a deed without date, of Hugh de Ealand, wherein this
park is excepted. By an inquisition at Pontefract 5 and 6 of Philip
and Mary, it was found that Henry Saville, sen. deceased, gave the
custody of his park of Ealand to Thomas Saville, of Exley, after-
wards of Welburne. It was in all probability dispailed when the
family left this neighbourhood, but it at present retains the name
of Elland park.

Among other houses worthy of note in this township, are

ANELEY HOUSE.

Once the residence of Edward Saville, fourth son of Nicholas



ELLAND-CUM-GREETLAND. 453

Saville of New Hall. This place in ancient deeds is written Alnald-
ley, Awnley, and Avenley.

Burton, in his Monasticon Eboracence, p. 138, says, "That
Abulay-grangc, in the chapelry of Eland, in Halifax parish, belong-
ed to the abbey of Fountains ; and that on July 12, 1478, 18 Ed-
ward IV. Thomas de Swinton, the abbot thereof, granted it to John
Nesfield, prior of Nostel, for life." " This Abulay (says Watson)
I take to be what is now called Aneley, contracted from Avenley :
and in the Ledger book of Fountains, under the title of Yeland, it
was said, ' that by an indenture, 1 4 Edward IV. the grange of Ain-
ley, in the chapelry of Eland, was divided equally between John
Savile, of Hullenedge, esq. and William, son of Robert Wilkinson,
by sir John Savile, knt. and Thomas Savile, esq. his son.' It ismen-
tioaed again by Burton, p. 152, under the name of Awndelay."
The abbey of Fountains appear to have had other possessions in this
township and chapelry, for the particulars whereof I must refer the
reader to Watson, p. 319.

HULLENEDGE,

Perhaps from Hollin-edge, was formerly the seat of a branch of
the Saviles, the first of whom was Thomas Savile of Hullenedge,
second son of Henry Savile, of Copley. It gave name to a family,
of whom Hugh de HoUingegge occurs in a deed dated in 131G.

New Hall was also the seat of a branch of the Saviles of Hul-
lenedge.

Independently of the endowment of the parochial chapel before
referred to, the following devises to the incumbent there have from
time to time been made ; they were omitted in the account of public
Charities because they concerned, only, the minister of the chapel.

Robert Inman, of Elland, by will dated April 12th, 1638, gave
and devised to his brother, George Ramsden, of Greetland, and Jo-
seph Ramsden, of the same, his nephew, their heirs and assigns,
one annuity or yearly rent of twenty shillings, to be issuing out of
two messuages or tenements, called the Lee, with the appurtenan-
ces, in Old Linley, within the township of Stainland, in the county
of York, payable yearly on the feasts of Pentecost and St, Martin
the bishop in winter, by equal portions. In trust and confidence,
that the said George Ramsden and Joseph Ramsden and their heirs
should dispose of the same yearly rent of twenty shillings, and all



454 TOWNSHIP OF !

the profits thereof, from time to time, to and for the use and better
maintenance of a preacher, who should preach the word of God at
the parochial chapel of EUand aforesaid, from time to time, to suc-
ceeding ages for ever. A clause was added empowering a distress
to be made in case of non-payment.

Henry Wilson, of Elland, by his will dated June 28th, 1652,
gave, devised and bequeathed unto Gilbert Savile, of Greetland, gent,
and others, and to their heirs for ever, five closes of new land in the
Broad Carr, as also one house or cottage, with the appurtenances
in Elland, and one backside thereunto belonging ; and also one
ruinated house, or house-stead thereunto adjoining, with the ap-
purtenances, in Elland, between the smithy then in the tenure of
John Gillot, and the house then in the tenures of Jonas Clay and
Brian Rawnsley ; and also all his parts and purports of the said
smithy, and the two houses then in the tenures aforesaid ; and also
one whole chamber then in the tenure of Sarah HinchlifFe, or her
assigns, and one whole shop, with the appurtenances, in EUand,
then in the tenure of John Hanson or his assigns, unto the said
Gilbert Savile and others, at the rent of one red rose, in the time
of roses, should it be asked ; upon trust, that they should first pay
out of the same all such rents as were accustomed to be paid by the
testator, and the profits of the said premises his will and mind was
should be used and employed by and for the benefit of the stipend-
iary preacher at the parochial chapel of Elland, the said preacher
having the consent of the trustees or any three of them. The tes-
tator also gave to the said trustees fifty pounds, towards building a
house near the cross in Elland, to be paid when the foundation of
the house should be laid, which house his will and mind was should
be used and employed by his trustees for the use of the preacher
aforesaid. It was Henry Wilson's will that during the time there
was not a preacher as the trustees should approve of, that the pro-
fits should be disposed of to such a minister as they should think fit,
the said minister officiating and doing service for the same in the
parochial chapel of Elland aforesaid.

Jeremy Bently, one of the trustees, took upon him the care of
building the house, and laid out, besides the fifty pounds left by
the will, forty-five pounds of his own money, for which he had a
quit rent of three pounds per annum out of the house and land left



ELLAND-CUM-GREETLAND. 455

by Henry Wilson, granted him by the rest of the trustees, till he
should be satisfied some other way.

PROTESTANT DISSENTERS.

Joseph Brooksbank, of Hackney, in the county of Middlesex,
Esq. by indenture, dated June 5th, 1756, conveyed to the Rev.
Joseph Brooksbank and others, a messuage or tenement, and cot-
tage, called Cinder hills, in South Owram, and also eight closes of
land to the same belonging, known by the names of the Upper
Ing, the Lower Ing, the Long field, two Coal pit brows, the
Little Steass Mires, the Sough Mires, and the Small Long close,
in trust that they, and the survivors and survivor of them, should
yearly out of the rents and profits of the said messuage, cottage and
lands, (after the necessary charges of repairing and supporting the
same, and of the execution of the trusts thereby created) in the first
place, pay, or cause to be paid, by two equal half-yearly payments,
the clear yearly sum of ten pounds, without deduction, to the mi-
nister for the time being, of the congregation of protestant dissent-
ers meeting or assembling for the worship of God, in the meeting-
house made use of for that purpose at Elland, so long as there should
be such a minister, and the exercise of divine worship by protestants
dissenting from the church of England should be permitted therein
by the laws of this realm, and no longer. And on this further trust
that the said trustees, for the time being, should yearly out of the
said rents expend the sum of forty shillings, in the purchase of such
books of piety and devotion as they should think fit, to be by them
given and distributed amongst the forty poor children taught at the
free school in Elland, which was formerly founded and endowed by
Joseph Brooksbank, deceased, grandfather of the above named Jo-
seph Brooksbank, owner of Cinder-hills aforesaid. And upon trust
to pay the remainder of the said clear rents and profits of the said
premises yearly unto the Schoolmaster, for the time being, of the
said school, as an addition to his allowance, or salary, for teaching
and instructing the said children in manner directed by the said Jo-
seph Brooksbank, founder of the said school, and to and for no
other use whatsoever.

When the trustees were by death, reduced to two, or under,
the survivor or survivors were to convey to as many as were neces-
sary to make the number seven. There is a proviso in the deed.



456 TOWNSHIP OF

that the premises should revert to the right heirs of Brooksbank, in
the event of divine worship by protestant dissenters not being per-
mitted in the chapel.



GREETLAND.

This Township adjoins Elland on the West, and is an indepen-
dent township, presenting its own constable, choosing its own
chapel warden and overseer, although it seems at the present day to
be considered as an hamlet within the vill of Elland. It appears
from time immemorial to have been held under the same lords as
Elland, of the honor of Pontefract.

The modern pronunciation of the name is Greetland, but it has
often been written Gretland ; and may have had its name either as
being the great land, or from the number of stones in it, which, in
the Islandic language, were called Grioot, or Griot, or from the
Saxon Gryt, or Greot, sand or gravel.

The only places of note in this township are Clayhouse and
Crawstone.

CLAYHOUSE,

Which from its appellation, seems not to have had a very noble
origin. It gave name to a family of repute, now extinct, who are par-
ties to deeds, &c. between the years 1313, and 1687 ; they had the
title of gentlemen, and bore arms ; and one of the family, Robert
Clay, D. D. was vicar of Halifax. The estate at Clayhouse belongs
to the trustees of Wheelwright's Charity, and is now occupied by
the Dysons, a very respectable family, who have long resided there.

CRAWSTONE,

Where lived some time ago, an ancient and apparently wealthy
family, of the name of Ramsden, bearing arms.

The township of EUand-cum- Greetland is not a party to the Vicar
Act, nor has it since availed itself of the privilege of becoming a party
thereto within the time therein limited. The Vicar is possessed in
right of his vicarage to a piece of land, called the Vicar's park, situate
on Greetland moor, containing 75 acres.



TOWNSHIP OF BARKISLAND,



This township, which lies to the West of Stainland, is bounded
on the North by Norland, and the West by the Ryburn, and contains
an area of 2420 statute acres. It is sometimes called Barsland ; and
has its name (says Watson) from the Anglo-Saxon Bipee orBeopce
a birch tree, and lonS, a territory or district -, in the same manner
as some have derived the word Barkshire. The c was anciently pro-
nounced like k. In confirmation of this etymology, some part of
the township has at this day the name of Birch or Birk-closes, and
there is an ancient situation therein, called Barkesay, or Barsey,
(meaning the inclosure where the birch trees grew.) After all, if
Barsland is really the original name of this district, it may be de-
rived from the Anglo-Saxon Baeps, a Avolf, and lonS, (ut supra :) as
much as to say, the country remarkable for wolves ; in this case,
the place in this township called the Wolf-fold, must be looked up-
on as having actual reference to this animal, and not as a druidical
remain, as already described.

It is worth remarking, that several townships in this neighbour-
hood, which lie contiguous to each other, are called by the name
of some land or other ; as Elland, Greetland, Barkisland, Norland,
Soyland, Stainland, an instance very rarely met with.

Barkisland is not mentioned in Domesday Book by name. The
oldest deed, (says Watson) in my possession relating to it, is an
agreement in 1288, between Thomas de Thorneton and Henry do
llisheworthe, whereby the former conveyed to the latter the fourth
part of all the vill of Barkisland, if he did not repay to the said Henry,
in six years, three marks and forty pence, which he had borrowed of
him ; this clearly indicates that the land was not then in a very improv-
ed state. In a few years after, it appear? this Henry was possessed of



458 TOWNSHIP OF BARKISLAND.

a still greater part of the township, for Hugh, son of John de Ea-
land, hy deed dated at EUand, a. b. 1306, quit claimed to Thomas
de Langfeld, and Ellen his wife, Jordan de Insula, and Isahel his
wife, John de Sayvill, and Margery his wife, his claim in the yearly
payment of ten marks for the moiety of the vill of Barkisland, which
Henry de Rishworth, father of the said Ellen, Isahel, and Margery
was bound to pay him. This is the commencement of the Savile's
title to the manor, who by this match, became possessed of part,
and subsequently lords of the whole. Between the 3rd and 6th of
Edward II. William de Langfeld, and Agnes his wife, levied a fine
of a third part of the manors of Rishworth, Barkisland, Bothomley,
and Scamonden : if he die without heir, remainder to the right
heirs of the said William, with remainder over to Gilbert de laLegh,
and his heirs. This shews what manors Henry de Rishworth
died possessed of, and that they were equally divided among his
three daughters, who were his coheiresses. 19 Edward IV. by an
inquisition of wastes in Wakefield it appeared, that Thomas Sa-
ville, knt. held divers lands and tenements in Stainland, Berksland,
and Northland, by soccage, paying yearly thirteen shillings and
four pence. This was doubtless paid to the lord of the manor of
Wakefield, for in a deed without date, to which the above Thomas
de Thorneton was witness, Thomas de Gledhill, and Adam, son of
Roger de Barkislande, grant to Richard, son of William de Bar-
kislande, for his homage and service, &c. three parts of an assart
called Huieterode, in Barkislande, and give a general warranty,
" salvo tamen servicio domini comitis Warreni." In a deed 7 Hen-
ry VII. sir John Say vile, knt. is called Dominus de Barsland, and
grants part of his waste there, reserving an annual rent to himself
and heirs, also suit to his court at Barsland, and mill in Northland,
to hold of the capital lords of the fee by the accustomed sei-vices ;
here he seems to hold the whole manor, under the lord of Wake-
field. By an inquisition taken at Pontefract, 5 and 6 Philip and
Mary, the jurors found that Henry Savile, knt. before his death,
was seized (inter alia) in fee tail of the manor of Barksland, held of
the manor of Wakefield, in free soccage by fealty, and thirteen
shillings and four-pence for this and others. Also at a trial in the
duchy chamber, 6 Elizabeth, it appeared that the crown laid claim
as will be seen under Ovenden, to the manors and wastes, inter alia.



TOWNSHIP OF BARKISLAND. 459

of Ovenden, Rishworth, Norland, Barsland ; but the decree was in
favor of Henry Savile.

It appears, from fines levied in the 8th and 9th of Elizabeth, that
this manor was to remain to the heirs male of the body of Thomas
Savile, of Lupset, deceased, for want of issue male in the line of
Savile of ThomhiU, which failed in the person of Edward Savile, the
sixth lineal descendant from Henry Savile, which Henry married Eli-
zabeth, daughter and heiress of Simon Thornhill, of ThomhiU, where-
by the manor passed from the name of ThornhUl to that of Savile.
16 Eliz. an estate in Barkisland was said, in an inquisition post
mortem, to have been held of the heir of Henry Savile, knt. "utde
manerio suo de Barkisland ;" this must have been Edward, son of
the said sir Henry. 19 Eliz. George, earl of Shrewsbury, joined
with the said Edward Savile, and Henry Savile, in conveyances
within this manor. The trust reposed in this noble family arose
from sir George Savile, knt. and bart. son of Henry Savile. of Lup-
set, esq. above named, marrying Mary, daughter of the said George
Talbot, earl of Shrewsbury. 33 Eliz. an estate was conveyed with-
in this manor, and another 41 Eliz. by Gilbert, earl of Shrewsbury,
Edward Savile, esq. lord of the manor of Barkislande, son and heir
of Henry Savile, knt. deceased, and George Savile, knt. son and
heir of Henry Savile, late of Lupset, esq. deceased. In 1 605, 3
James, George Savile, knt. the elder, is in a deed called lord of
the manor of Barkisland ; this was a direct ancestor of sir George
Savile, of Rufford, bart. to whom the manor passed. The present
claimant is the Right Honorable the Earl of Scarborough.

I have shewn that this manor was formerly divided between
Thomas de Langfeld, Jordan de Insula, and John de Sayvile, who
married the three daughters coheiresses of Henry de Rishworth, to
whom the lordship of Barkisland belonged. Sir John Savile, who
married the daughter and heiress of sir John Ealand, is said to have
bought the family of Insula's share, but the other third part passed
from the Langfelds to the Hamcrton^ by marriage, and in that fa-
mily it continued till sir Stephen Hamerton was attainted, and it
came to the crown in the reign of Henry VIII. This, in some
measure appears from an inquisition taken at Ilklcy, l4th April, 6
Henry VIII. after the death of John Hamerton, esq. when it was
found that the said John died seised in his demensc as of fee of the



460 TOWNSHIP OF BARKISLAND.

third part of the manor of Barkisland, and that Stephen Hamerton,
esq, aged twenty-one years, was son and heir ; but how the Saviles
became possessed of this third part is not shewn.

Within the township are some interesting Druidical remains,
before referred to.

On the 24th May, 1814, an act received the royal assent for
inclosing lands in the manor of Barkisland, the Hon. and Rev. Jno.
Lumley Saville being the then Lord ; the following are the names
of the commons, moors, and wastes enclosed, they may prove in-
teresting to the topographer, — Wisket hill, Gillipole hill, Coney
garth hill, Hill house hill, Barkisland cross, Height common. Ring-
stone edge. Birch green, Hiley hill, Flocktons, Cliff hill. Horse
pasture. Whole stones, Withen's pike. Law and Bog holes, con-
taining altogether about 1000 statute acres.

RIPPONDEN,

Formerly written Ribournden, is the name of a village in this
township, lying on the great road over Blackstone-edge, between
Rochdale and Halifax, in a beautiful valley, which, having the
peculiar features of the neighbourhood, rich meadows, hanging oak
woods and quick changes of landscape, finely contrasted by the
barren and purple hills beyond, is the most pleasing among the de-
pendencies of the Calder.

From whence it has its name is not easy to determine. Rhe or
Rey signify a river, and Rhy is the British for a ford ; Boupne is
a brook, and bene a valley. Rhi also, in the ancient language of
this country, denoted a king, as if the valley through which the
river Rybourn directs its course, was, on some account or other, a
royal vale. That this was ever distinguished by the residence of a
crowned head, (says Watson) I have no authority to say, but I have
seen the name, in a very ancient evidence, written Riburghe or the
King's borough. Possibly some king, in the Saxon times, might
encamp here, as there is a large hill hanging over this village, called
to this day by the name of the Konygarth, or King's mountain.

THE CHAPEL,

Which is dedicated to St. Bartholomew, cannot fail to attract
the attention of the passing traveller : viewed from tlie high road it
has truly an " interesting appearance." It is of the Tuscan order of
architecture, and the chapel yard is surrounded with one of the



TOWNSHIP OF BARKISLAND. 461

finest yew hedges in the country, cut in the form of Saxon arches.
Within the yard are several tomb-stones cut with considerable taste
and neatness by the celebrated John CoUier, who, under the ficti-
tious name of Tim Bobbin, was the author of the well-known work,
"The Lancashire dialect."

There is no account in what year the chapel was first founded,
but Mr. Watson has produced the following licence from the regis-
ter of archbishop Nevil at York ; — " Georgius, etc. dilectis in Xpo
filiis incolis et inhabitantibus villarum de Sowland, Risheworth,
Bothomley, et Barsland, de parochia de Halifax, nostre Dioceseos,
salutem, gratiam, benedictionem. Ut in Capella situata in Riburne-
den, de parochia de Halifax predicta, missas et alia divina officia,
voce submissa, per quoscunq. Capellanos idoneos in vestra aut ali-
cujus vestrum et aliorum quorumcunq. ibidem advenientium presentia
licite valeatis facere celebrari, duntamen locus ad hoc decens fuerit
et honestus, ac Ecclesie parochiali de Halifax predicte, et Capelle
de Elande, ejusdem parochie, in decimis, oblationibus, et aliis
obventionibus et emolumentis, debitis, et consuetis, prejudicium
nullum inde generetur, si aliud canonicum non obsistat, licentiam
tam vobis audiend. quam Capellanis hujusmodi quibuscunq. divina
ut prefertur celebrand. concedimus specialem per presentes quousq,
duxerimus revocandam duraturam. Dat. nostro sub Sigillo, in
Castro nostro de Cawode, 8vo. die mensis Jan''. An. Dom. 14()5."
"This" observes Dr. Whitaker, "is so clear and definite that I
can only suppose the witness to the following deposition, which is
extracted from Dons. MSS. v. 58. to have labored under a defect
of memory when it was taken."

"Primo die Jul. 1580. Edwd. Firth, late of Tootill, born at
Ryponden, of the age of 93 years, saith that he hath seen Sowerby
Church and Rybonden Chapel to build, and that there was a pair
of Butts in the Plalne where Rybonden Chapel standeth, and that
it was about 88 years since llipponden Chapel was first builded, and
that he has seen the chapel 3 times enlarged since the first erection
which was about the 12 Hen. VII." The witness seems to have
been mistaken. To contradict this account the reader will observe
the woi-d "situata" in the licence, which implies the chapel to have
been already built.

It was rebuilt in 1 6 1 0, and soon after the rebuilding of it, an



462 TOWNSHIP OF BARKISLAND.

old man then living in Barkisland, whose name was John Water-
house, being childless, and bearing a charitable mind, (as said in a
paper at Howroyd) gave the sum of ten pounds to be bestowed in
erecting and setting up a chamber in the lower end of the said
chapel, which was accordingly performed, and used for that purpose
for several years.

The second chapel extended itself from the old Bridge-end, along
by the present chapel-yard wall towards the South-East, and the
rivulet called the Cob-clough ran under it, and this was so much
damaged by the inundation in May, 1 722,* that it was the cause of
the chapel being demolished.

The archbishop's licence for rebuilding Ripponden chapel was
dated April 6, 1729. The sum got by brief was £541 Os. 4d,
besides the subscriptions of the neighbouring gentlemen. There
was collected by brief on the erection of the edifice, £83 6s. The
chapel and cemetery were consecrated, Septr. 9th, 1737, by Dr.
Martin Benson, bishop of Gloucester, when a sum was collected,
to be laid out in the purchase of a piece of plate for the use of the
chapel.

The tower contains four fine-toned bells which bear the follow-
ing inscriptions ; — on the first bell, " The gift of Elkanah Hoyle,
gent. A. R. 1715.'' On the second, " Venite, exultemus Domino,
1708." On the third, "Gloria Pax Hominibus, 1708." On the
fourth, " O may their souls in heaven dwell, who made the least a
tenor beU. 1701."

There are no burials allowed within this chapel.

Attached to the incumbency is a minister's manse, built on land
surrendered by one Thomas Priestley, 35 Eliz. to the use of the
preacher or minister of Ripponden chapel for the time being, or such
as should celebrate divine worship therein : a yearly rent of 6s. 8d.
is payable thereout. The curates of Ripponden have generally,
since that time, lived in the above house ; but, "in the year 1754,
(says Mr. Watson) when I took possession of this curacy, the



Online LibraryEng. (Lancashire). Parish BuryThe registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) → online text (page 42 of 52)