Eng. (Lancashire). Parish Bury.

The registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) online

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building was so ruinous and inconvenient, that it was found neces-
sary to rebuild it, which I did at my own ex^Dence, to the amount

• May 18th. In this fiood not only the chapel of Ripponden was destroyed, but all
the mills upon the brook ; twelve persons, eight in one family, were drowned, and several
corpses washed out of their graves. See John Collier's story of the Lady of the Booth.



TOWNSHIP OF BARKISLAND. 463

of more than £400, the inhabitants not giving the least assistance."

THE ENDOWMENT.

It appears from the report of the Commissioners before referred
to, that a yearly rent of £24 is paid to the minister of this chapel,
arising from land purchased with money, the gift of Thomas Gled-
hill, in commemoration whereof the said minister, or ministers,
should preach one sermon yearly, upon the first day of May, if it
be not of the Lord's day, and if so, then in the week following, at
the minister's choice of the day."

Elizabeth Horton, of Barkisland, by will dated July 13, 1670,
gave and devised to the minister of the gospel of Ripponden chapel,
five pounds per annum for ever, he preaching a sermon there on
every Good Friday yearly for ever, to be paid forth of the rents,
issues, and profits of a messuage and lands called Pearce-hey, in
Barkisland aforesaid, provided such minister for the time being be
an orthodox person, and such as the owner of Bark island-hall for
time being for ever should approve of, and in case of non-approba-
tion, and so long as such dislike should continue, then the said sum
to be distributed to the poor people of Barkisland aforesaid."

Thomas Horton, Esq. who died about 1 698, left by deed one
half-part of a farm or tenement called the Hill-top, near Steel-lane
in Barkisland, to the minister of Ripponden chapel, who, in con-
sideration thereof, was to preach yearly for ever a sermon upon St.
Thomas's day. This acceunt is taken from the copy of an old ter-
rier without date, in the register book belonging to Ripponden
chapel. The whole is regularly fulfilled ; and the rent paid yearly
to the minister of Ripponden is four pounds five shillings.

A quit-rent of £1 10s, is payable "unto the curate of Rippon-
den for the time being, on every twenty-fourth day of June, for
ever, to preach a sermon in Ripponden chapel, on every the said
twenty-fourth day of June for ever." It was purchased under the
will of William Horton, of Howroyd, Esq. dated 8th Oct. 1713."

Thomas Holroide, of Halifax, by codicil to his will, dated
March 8, 1729-30, gave a rent-charge of five pounds per annum out
of his two farms in Bottomley in the township of Barsland, to the
curate of the chapel of Ripponden, for the time being, for ever, for
reading the prayers according to the liturgy of the church of En-
gland, every Wednesday and Friday, in the morning, throughout



464 TOWNSHIP OF BARKISLAND.

the year. These farms are called by the name of Wormald.

It appears from the copy of an old terrier without date in the
register-book of the chapel that Richard Firth, of Ripponden, gave
(but whether by deed or will is uncertain) two messuages or cottages
at Ripponden, for which the minister of the chapel there was to
preach five sermons upon the first Wednesday in the several months
of April, May, June, July, and August, in the said chapel at Rip-
ponden successively and annually for ever.

Elkana Hoyle, of Soyland, by will dated March 28, 1718, gave
and devised unto the curate of Ripponden for the time being, for
ever, one annuity or yearly sum of three pounds, to be for ever
issuing, going forth, and payable out of his messuage, hereditaments,
and premises, with appurtenances, at or near Lighthazels, called
Lower Hoyle Heads, to be yearly paid to such curate as aforesaid
for ever, on Ascension-day ; provided such curate preach a sermon
on that day in Ripponden chapel aforesaid, and provided such curate
be a sound orthodox preacher and divine according to the usages of
the present church of England as by law- established, and should
have had university education, and have come to be curate there
with the consent and good liking of the owners of Upper Swift
Place. "The money" says Watson, " has generally, if not always,
been paid to the curate of Ripponden, except from the year 1755
to 1761 inclusive, when it was given to the poor; the Rev. Gent's
principles not corresponding with those of the owner of Upper
Swift place." It is but justice to Mr. Watson to say that the
soundness of his orthodoxy was never called in question.

The chapel received an augmentation from the governors of queen
Anne's bounty in the year 1 724, to meet a benefaction of £200
from Mrs. Mary Horton and others. By Indenture dated the 23rd
day of September, 1 730, between Nathan Fielden, of the first part,
the governors of the bounty of queen Anne, Mary Horton, of
Howroyd, widow, Charles RadclifFe, Elkana Hoyle, and Samuel Hill
of the second part ; and William Sunderland, clerk, curate of Rip-
ponden, of the third part ; in consideration of £400 the said Nathan
Fielden sold, for the use of the curates of Ripponden, Blackshaw-
clough, and the customary or copyhold messuage or tenement called
Crosswells, both in Soyland ; also the houses and little croft which
he had at Ripponden. A memorial of this deed was registered at



TOWNSHIP OF BARKISLAND. 465

Wakefield, October 16, 1730, in Lib, 200, p. 126, and No. 173.

The clear yearly value of this chapel, as stated by the governors
of Queen Anne's bounty, in their parliamentary return, (1736) pur-
suant to an order of the house of Lords, was twenty-two pounds,
thirteen shillings, and fourpence. It is not stated in the last return.
The present respected incumbent of Ripponden chapel is the Rev.
Frederic Custance.

The places worthy of notice in this township are

BARKESEY, OR BARSEY,

Just mentioned. The family which it gave name to, had consider-
able possessions, and may have been the first improvers of the land
m this part. Some of their names appear during a great part of
the fourteenth century. At Oaks, in Rishworth is a deed, wherein
John son of Alan de Barkesay, grants to John, son of Richard de
Barkesay, certain lands lying near the brook called Blakeborne,
within the divisions of Stainland, Barkesland, and Greteland. Da-
ted at Barkesay, in 1326. At the same place is a deed of re-
lease, which for its conciseness, (says Watson,) is worth
preserving. "^c(ant presentes & futuri, quod ego Matild. de
Eues, dedi, concessi, relaxavi, & omnino de me & heredibus meis
quietum clamavi, Johanni filio Roberti de Clay, & heredibus suis,
vel suis assignatis, totam terram quam emi de Ada patra meo in
Barkesay, pro quadam summa pecuniae mihi propriis manibus data.
In cujus rei testimonium sigillum meum apposui. Hiis testibus
Ric. de Schaye, Tho. Cler. Rog del Haye, Jolfe de Ponte, & aliis,"
A John de Barksey entered into possession of Clogh-houses in
Barkisland, (which John de Clay had held,) at the court of the
prior of the hospital of St. John of Jerusalem, in England, held at
Batley, 41 Edw. Ill, 1367.

barkisland hall.
Takes its name from a small village wherein it is situated, lying
in one of the roads between Ripponden and Huddersfield. This
village arose on account of the most considerable person in the dis-
trict making his habitation here, and probably building a few houses
in the vicinity for his dependants. At Howroyd is a beautiful pedi-
gree on vellum of this family, &c. entitled "The pedegree of John
Gledhill, of Barkisland, collected out of antient deeds and evidences,
finished, perused, and confirmed by William Scager, knt. alias



n H



466 TOWNSHIP OF BARKISLAND.

Garter, principal king of arms, in 1632." From the Gledhills the
estate passed by marriage, in 1636, to William Horton, esq. who
became, in right of Elizabeth his wife, (a Gledhill) possessed of it.
There is an interesting pedigree of the ancient family of Horton in
Watson, p. 151.

The hall was probably built about the year 1640. by John Gled-
hUl, who married Sarah, daughter of William Horton, for he lived
there in the reign of king Charles I. and in the window of the hall
part are the painted figures of a man and two children : under the
first, setat. 36, 1641 ; under one of the children, setat. 4, 1641 ;
under the other, ^tat. 21, 1641. Over the back door is cut in
stone, "Nuncmea, mox hujus, sed postea nescio cujus ;" which
may be seen in Camden's Remains, p. 125. edit. 1636. If this
was put there by the above John Gledhill, the observation was soon
remarkably verified, when the estate passed into the name of Horton,
and after a very short possession to that of Bold, in which family it
still remains.

BOTTOMLEY, OR BOTHOMLEY,

A large district of land in the township of Barkisland, so called
from the Anglo-Saxon Borm, an hollow place, and Lea5, a field or
pasture ; a definition which agrees with the situation of it. This
place gave name to a family, who lived here from the year 1326 to
1593, and how much longer is uncertain,

BOWERS,

Called so either from the Anglo-Saxon Bupe, a chamber, because
the house here might be chambered over, contrary to the ancient
custom of this county, or it may mean an house in general, or a place
of shade and retirement, for that word has all these significations.



FIRTH-HOUSE,



Anciently written Frit, or Frith-house, signifies, in all proba-
bility, the house in the wood. A place a little above is still called
Woodhead.

HEIGHT,

Probably takes its name from its situation, standing high on the
side of a steep hill. Dr. Johnson, in his MSS. collections for an
history of Yorkshire, says, this is a place of great antiquity.

HOWROYDE,

Written also in deeds Holerode, Hooleroid, Holeroyde, Howie-



TOWNSHIP OF BARKISLAND. 467

roid, Holroide, and Howroyde, has its name from the Anglo-Saxon
Hou, an hill, and Roi8, which word, when applied to land, signi-
fied such as was barren and uncultivated, and which, on that ac-
count, paid only about two-pence an acre, and was freed from the
service of grave, and other taxes.

The present house, (with the exception of some additions) was
built in 1(]42, by the purchaser of it, William Horton, who
married Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Gledhill, of Barkisland,
and who, besides the arms of Horton and Gledhill, put in the hall
window, in stained glass, the following devices. The mottos at-
tached to these devices may be found in Watson : there is not any
thing to recommend them to the reader's notice.

A female figure, called Auditus, (or Hearing,) playing and sing-
ing to a guitar.

Visus, (or Sight,) at her toilet.

Odoratus, (Smelling,) with flowers before her on a table.

Tactus, (Touch,) having just cut her finger.

Gustus, (Taste,) a female figure smoking and drinking.

To make the above emblems the stronger, near to Hearing is a
buck and hare, alluding to the music in hunting ; near to Seeing,
a king's fisher, which is a quick-sighted bird ; near to Smelling, a
parrot, holding fruit to its beak ; near to Feeling, a greyhouiid,
with an hare lying at its feet ; and near to Tasting, a wolf devour-
ing a lamb.

The mansion is surrounded by an extensive park, and is at
present the seat of a younger branch of the Horton family ; having
been occupied by the late Colonel Horton, a most active and intel-
ligent magistrate of the West Riding, and colonel of the Halifax
Volunteers. Its present occupier is William Horton, Esq. Mr.
Horner has an excellent drawing of Howroyde in his series of views
in and about Halifax.

rARROCK-NOOK,

A small house, mentioned here to ascertain the etymology
of it, as it occurs in other parts of the parish, Peappoc signified,
in the Saxon, a small park, but none of the places in this neigh-
bourhood, called by this name, have their derivation from thence.
TnoRESBY, in his Topography, p. 89, seems to think that a place
near Leeds, called Parrack, had its name from the lord, or his
n n 2



468 TOWNSHIP OF BARKISLAND.

bailiff and tenants meeting there at certain seasons to hold a Faroe,
a kind of court, not much unlike the forest Swain-mote, where an ac-
count was taken of the pannage for the year past. Watson says " I
am rather of opinion, that as we meet with such names as Parrock-
nook and Parrock-foot, and fields are called by the name of Parrock,
where no building has ever been, we should rather derive it from
the above Peappoc or Peappuc, and understand it in the sense
either of a wood or inclosure."

PIKE-LOW,

Is an hill, where formerly a beacon was fixed. Of these, this
neighbourhood once contained a considerable number, as appears by
the rudera where they stood, and the names by which the places
are still distinguished, such as Pike-low, Pike-end, Beacon-hill, &c.



TOWNSHIP OF FIXBY.

It adjoins EUand on the East, and contains 890 statute acres,
being the smallest township in the Parish.

It seems to be the better opinion that " Feslei," described in
Domesday Book is the present town of Fixby, although Watson
says the name does not occur there, and that it must be surveyed as
part of EUand, or some other neighbouring district, having got
the name of a township since that event, as seems to be the case of
several others in the vicarage or parish of Halifax.

Mr. Watson's conjecture as to the derivation of the word is
certainly ingenious, that it takes its name from some considerable
person who had his residence here, for Fek-his-bye is the same as
Fek-his-habitation. The word bye was used both by the Saxons
and Danes to denote a dwelling, nor is it more clear who were the
immediate possessors ofthis place before the conquest. Nor are there
wanting instances in confirmation of this opinion. All the nine be-
rewicks within the manor of Wakefield belonged to king Edward,
prior to the conquest, and "Feslei" in all probability was granted
by the crown to the earls of Warren and Surry, as by Kirkby's In-
quest, temp. Edward I. earl Warren was returned by the Sheriff of
Yorkshire, lord of Fekisbye. In a tax recorded in Kirkby's book
it is called villa de Fekisbye, and even at that time it seems to have
been little improved, for the whole sum received from it was but
five shillings, which (Skircoat excepted) was less than was received
from any township or vill in the whole parish.

In the survey taken in 1314, before referred to, it appears that
the lord received here yearly 18s. 4d. besides other advantages : at
that time there were only five houses in which fires were kept, in
a mediety of the said vill, part of the lands being held by those who
resided out of the vill.

It is remarkable that in this survey eight bovatcs of land arc



470 TOWNSHIP OF FIXBY.

said to make two carucates, whereas they have generally been sup-
jjosed to make but one ; either therefore this was the custom at this
particular time, or place, or a mistake is made in two ancient ma-
nuscripts from whence this account is taken.

It has been said, by Watson, that the chief habitation in the
township gave name to a family which had a good estate here, till
William de Toothill married the daughter and heiress of Thomas
Fixby, of Fixby, How considerable this family was does not ap-
pear ; Watson tells us he has not met with any pedigree, coat of
arms, nor title of knight belonging to them. But he had copies of
many deeds wherein the name occurs, between the years 1255, and
131 2, as also deeds without date ; but in the extent of all the lands
within the soke of Wakefield, already said to have been made in
1314, there is no mention of the family at all.

It appears that one Sampson de Wriglesford was lord of at least
a part of the town of Fekisby for he granted certain acres of the
woods there. Walter de Wriglesford granted a carucate, or plow
land, in Fekisby, which he had of the grant of John Wriglesford,
to one Michael Brertwisell, in the time of Henry III. or before, and
Henry son of Henry de Fekisby, granted to the said Michael all his
lands in Fekisby, and the marriage of the heir. It continued in the
name of Wriglesford for a long time, till the above Michael Brert-
wisell married Maud, sister of John de Wriglesford, who procured
the above grant of all the Wriglesford's lands in Fekisby, as well
in demesne as in service, with homages, wards, &c. It afterwards
came to William de Bellomonte (Beaumont) in whose family it con-
tinued till William Beaumont, knt. granted to Thomas de Totehill,
andWilliam his son, the moiety of the town of Fekisby, with wards,
marriages, &c. From the family of Totehill it came to that of
Thornhill, by the marriage of Richard de Thornhill with Margaret
daughter and heiress of William de Totehill. This moiety of the
town is called in some old deeds, South-Fekisby. By an inquisition
taken at Wakefield, August 1577, it was found that Brian Thorn-
hill held in Fekisby certain lands of the queen, as of her demesne
of Wakefield ; and it appeared by roll of court, 14 Edward III. that
they were held by military service, viz. the tenth part of a knight's
fee. The jury also certified, that the said Brian Thornhill claimed
to have a manor in this town. The said Brian was also found to be
lord of the maixor of Fixby, by an inquisition taken at Halilax in



TOWNSHIP OF FIXBY. 471

the reign of queen Elizabeth, The present lord of the manor is
Thomas Thornhill, Esq. Thoresby has given a splendid pedigree
of this family from the conquest ; it is set forth by Watson, and
cannot fail of being interesting to the genealogist.

The following will also prove interesting to the topographer ;
some of the names, but particularly the termination of many of them
are of such frequent occurrence in the parish, that I have given Mr.
Watson's derivations without alteration.

Bradewallsike . The termination Sike signifies, according to
common usage in this country, a small rill of water, from the An-
glo-saxon Sich ; Brade is broad, and wall is either from walle, which
formerly denoted a well of water, or was written for vail which
meant a ditch.

Brenehill. The place where wood used to be burnt into charcoal
BpenninS in the anglo-saxon meant burning. It is a wood to this day.

Bromecroft, 35 Edward III, the herb Broom grew plentifully
here ; but by croft we are not to understand a small inclosure only,
but a farm in general, for three acres were conveyed here, and there
might be much more.

Brocholes. From Bf oc, a badger, and bolh, which signifies a cave,
den, or hollow in the earth, where wild beasts secrete themselves.

Buttgreen. The place where probably the bowmen of this neigh-
bourhood used to exercise themselves by shooting at a mark, which
was fixed on artificial banks of earth, called to this day Butts, par-
ticularly in Lancashire, where the custom in Watson's time was in
some measure kept up for the sake of diversion, and the common
distances were four, eight, twelve, and sixteen roods, eight yards
to the rood.

Crossgate. This might be taken to mean a place where two
ways intersected each other, but for this expression in the deed, —
"ter. que iacet apud crucem," there was therefore, according to the
superstition of those times, a cross fixed here by the way side, as
there were also several others in different parts of this parish.

Felinge. Fell, in the Saxon, as Camden has observed in his Re-
mains, page J 17, signified a craggy, barren or stony place. Fselsted
in Dutch means the same thing, and Fels, in German is a rock.
Inge is a Danish word for a meadow, and is sometimes used for low
ground, or a common.



472 TOWNSHIP OF FIXBY.

FordoJl. The farther dole, or division of land, perhaps in the
public field, from the Anglo-saxon hselan, to divide, or distribute.
Unless it comes from the British Dol, a low fertile piece of ground,
either meadow or pasture. The Vandals said Dol for a valley, and
Dall is the same in Teutonic.

Gillercde. Camden in his Remains, p. 117, says Gill is a small
water. Rode, or Royde, has already been explained under How-
royde, in Barkisland.

Lydate. This occurs several times in the parish, and other parts
of the kingdom, and has had various significations affixed to it.
pli&-5fcaT, in Saxon, is a false gate, a postern, a back door, and
Lub-gser is the same. Verstigan derives it from the Saxon, LeoS-
gart- , quasi porta populi, in which sense it seems to have been a ga.te
on or near a public road, or else the road itself. "But the most
probable interpretation, I think, is from LaSe, or Lob, both which
used to signify a watercourse, and there happens to be this at all
the places of this name which I have seen ; Ludgate, in London,
not excepted, for after all, it seems to be so called from the water
which emptied itself into Fleet-ditch, at a small distance from it."
In this sense it answers very well to the Porta Fluentana at Rome.

Netherton Pighells. The first of these words signifies either the
nearer inclosure, village, farm, or dwelling-house. The Saxon Ton
or Tun, is a common termination in many parts of England, for as
Verstigan, p. 295 has observed, " In ford, in ham, in ley, and tun,
the most of English surnames run." The same author has likewise
told us, that our ancestors cast up for safety a ditch, and made a
strong hedge about their houses, and the buildings so environed
about with tunes (or hedges) got by a metaphor, the name of tunes
annexed to them. The custom of surrounding houses with fences
or guards, seems to be alluded to in our English translation of the
book of Job, i. 10. where it is said, "hast thou not made an hedge
about him. and about his house, and about all that he hath on every
side ?" The difference between Ham and Tun seems to have been
this, that the former was the mansion house of the lord such as the
romans called Villa Urbana, and the latter the Rustica Villa, let
out to tenants or farmers. Pighills does sometimes denote a small
parcel of land enclosed, called also a Pingle, and perhaps may be
the same as in Lancashire is denominated a Pingot. It is frequently



TOWNSHIP OF FIXBY. 473

pronounced Pickle. An hog-stye is also to this day, in some parts
of Yorkshire, called a Pig-hull, from the Saxon belan, or the Is-
landic hil, both which signify to cover. It is therefore probable
that some large herd of swine were fed here, and that a convenient
building called a Pig-hull, was erected to receive them at proper
times, which gave name to the place after this was destroyed. The
name Pighill is of frequent occurrence in the Parish.

Old Rode. So called, either as it was the Old Royde land, or
because some ancient way led through it ; probably the latter, as
the Roman military way passed through this township, and 1 know
not any such distinction as that of Old royd land and New royd land.

Ryding. A place cleared of wood ; as we to this cay say, to
rid a piece of ground ; either from the Islandic, rid, to pluck up, or
the Saxon apeSan, which signified the same. In the same sense,
likewise do the Danes use the word Redde, and the Dutch, Redden.
The German Ried also is locus h sylva excisus.

Staniforlang . The Stony furlong. This measure, stiU used in
several parts of England, was sometimes computed at forty poles,
which made the eighth part of a mile, yet at other times it was used
for a quantity of ground of more or fewer acres.

Thwerlands. The word Thwer may anciently have been used
for three, as Thwertwick for third night ; so that these lands might
belong to three different persons, or be divided into so many differ-
ent parts. It is very rarely met with.

Tofts. A toft meant formerly either a dwelling-house, or the
place where such house had stood. The owner of such house was
called a Toftman, and he who had neither house nor land, was said
to have, Ne toft, ne croft. Tofts also signified groves of trees, now
called tufts, answering to the French Touffe du bois.

Wytehalge. Thoresby, in his Topography, page 90, says that
white rents were such as were paid in silver, and black mail such
as were paid in cattle, or provisions. This Halge or Haghc, was
a piece of ground, the rent of which was paid in money. The dis-
tinction of Whiteley and Blackley, so common in this Parish, tend
to verify the above observation.

There is a park in this township, the seat of the Thornhills ;
which has been of long standing.



TOWNSHIP OF NORLAND.

This township adjoins Greetland on the West, and contains
an area of 1140 statute acres. It is sometimes called Northland,
from a great part of the township facing the North, and not from
its lying to the North of any considerable place. It was granted
from the crown to the earls of Warren, whose title may be seen



Online LibraryEng. (Lancashire). Parish BuryThe registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) → online text (page 43 of 52)