Eng. (Lancashire). Parish Bury.

The registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) online

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under the manor ; for John earl of Warren and Surrey claimed free
warren in Northland by charter, dated June 27, 37 Hen, III. And
in the pleas of the crown, 21 Edw. I. the jurors presented, that
John earl of Warren and Surry appropriated to himself the free
chace in Northouram, Fikisby, Northland, Rishworth, &c. and it
was not known by what warrant. Sir John de Ealand, in the reign
of Edw. III. held of the lord certain lands and rents, and Stainland,
Barkisland, Norland, and Rishworth, by the service of thirteen
shillings by the year. After the death of sir John, his lands came
to a daughter, married to John Savile, esq. shortly after knighted.
In the year 1543, Aug. 9, 35 Hen. VIII. sir Henry Savile, "domi-
nus de Northlande," grants a part of the waste or common there.
6 Eliz. the crown laid claim to the manor, (as may be seen under
Ovenden,) but the jury found for the Saviles. 1568, 4 Aug. 10
Eliz., Edward Savile, esq. son and heir of Sir Henry deceased,
Richard Gascoigne, of SotehiU, esq. and dame Elizabeth, late wife
of the said Henry, and then wife of the said Richard, granted part
of the wastes or commons of Northland and Barkisland, reserving
suit to the courts of Northland and Barkisland, &c. Fines 8 and 9
Eliz. between Edward Savile, esq. &c. comp. and Henry Savile,
esq. and others, deforc. of the manors of Elland, Stainland, Greet-
land, Barkisland, Rishworth, Norland, (inter alia,) the right of
Edward Savile, from whom it passed into the line of sir George
Savile, of RufFord. The present noble owner is the Honourable the



TOWNSHIP OF NORLAND. 475

Earl of Scarborough. Mr. Watson tells us " that no gentleman's
family settled in this township," There is mention of a mill here,
temp. Henry VII.

Within the township is

SOWERBY CROFT.

Which has been remarked on account of its name, and the sin-
gularity of its being called Sowerby- Croft, when it lies so far from
Sowerby, and within the township of Norland ; and perhaps it can
no otherwise be accounted for, than by considering that both Sow-
erby and Norland were the estate of the earls of Warren, and that
as they frequently came to Sowerby for their diversion, it was ne-
cessary for them to have a farm (which at that time of the day was
called a croft,) for the purpose of raising hay, corn, &c. and this
piece of ground might be deemed to be the most proper in that
neighbourhood, either on account of its soil, or its being out of the
forest ; and in that case, as the profits of it were constantly taken
to Sowerby, it would get the name of Sowerby Farm or Sowerby
Croft.



TOWNSHIP OF RASTRICK.

This township lies to the South of Elland, in the fertile vale of
Calder, by which river it is separated from Brighouse, and contains
an area of 1290 statute acres.

The supposed etymology of the name will be found in the Sax-
on yEra, (p. 43,) some remains of the work of that people having
existed here in Watson's time, although now destroyed. Here also
lived a considerable family, who took their name from the v\l\, and
whose pedigree Watson has set forth at length, taking it from a
MS. at Fixby, another in his own possession, and a third mention-
ed in Wright's History, p. 135, intitled, " Observationes qua>dam
collectBc tam ex antiquis chartis, & rotulis curiarum, & aliis scriptis,
& genealogiis, quam de progenia & familia in Rastricke, olim vocata
Rastricke, ac modo Hanson," together with a grant of arms to the
Hanson's of Rastrick, and a certificate to one Elias Rastricke of his
having visited Jerusalem.

Rastrick was likewise granted from the crown to the earls of
Warren, as shewn under the manor. John earl of Warren and
Surrey claimed free warren here by charter, 37 Hen. III. and I pre-
sume it came by means of a grant from the last earl, at his death,
to king Edward III. and long remained in the crown as chief lords ;
for in a deed, 3 James, 1605, it is called, " parcell of his highnes
mannor or lordshippe of Wakefeilde, and parcell of the annexed pos-
sessions of his majesties duchie of Lancaster." The present lord of
the manor is Thomas Thornhill, of Fixby, esq. ; it is not improbable,
that the Toothills, of Toothill, had some grant thereof; for the Thorn-
hills, of Fixby, obtained a great part of their possessions here by the
marriage of Richard Thornhill, with Margaret, daughter and heiress
of William Toothill, of Toothill, by Sibil, daughter and heiress of
Thomas de Fixby. Within Rastrick is the reputed manor of Toothill,



TOWNSHIP OF RASTRICK. 477

which William de Rylay had of the gift and feoffment of Henry de la
Welda, and conveyed in trust to Richard de Northland the chaplain,
and John, son of Eve, by the name of " manerinm de Tothill, in villa
de Rastrike," dated at Toothill, on "Wednesday, next after the feast
of the Annunciation of the virgin Mary, 5 Edvv^. Ill,

It is evident, from various deeds, that Henry de la Weld, jun.
was possessed of the manor of Totehill ; that he enfeoffed William
de Rylay with the same ; and that the said William gave it to
Richard de Northland, and John, son of Eve, who also conveyed
it in trust to Henry de Savile and others. About thirty years after
this, it was the property of Toothill, of Toothill, from which family
it passed by marriage to that of Thornhill, and became in the same
manner the property of John Leventhorpe, of Leventhorpe, whose
wife, with the consent of her husband, caused it to be reconveyed
to her brother William Thornhill, whose posterity have enjoyed it
ever since. Mr Watson has inserted the following deed to shew
the nature of feoffments in trust in these early times ; with all de-
ference to this gentleman's opinion, it is not a feoffment, but it
appears to be a certificate by the priest that a feoffment had been
made. " Forasmuche as it is meritory and needful to every xp^tian
man of every doubtful matter to here record and wittnes of the
truthe, that whereas John Leventhorpp was possessid and seisid of
a mannor callid Totehill, with all their appurt : within the towne-
shippe of Rastrike, as in the right of Katerin his wieff, of the which
mannor with all their appurt : beforesaid, by thassent and consent
of Katerin, the wieff of the sayd John, mad a feoffment and graunt
unto William Leventhorpp, son of the said John and Katerin, with
other, under the forme and condicion that followes ; that is for to
say, that the sayd William, with other feoffers, shold make a lawe-
fuU estate of the sayd mannor, with all their appurt : to William
Thornhill, brothta to the said Katerin, and to the heirs of his body
laghfuUy begotten, and that the children of the said John and Ka-
terin to the said William Thornhill, and his heirs, might more
worhsippfullye be receyvid and welcomid, I, sir Thomas Strenger,
parish preiste of Eland, recordeth, that the said Katerin disclosid
hir will unto me att Schingildhall, that this said feoffment was
made to the use and profitte of William Thornhill, brother to the
sayd Katerin, in the form beforesaid : of the which will beforsaid



478 TOWNSHIP OF RASTRICK.

to report and beare record, the sayd Katerin gav me the sayd Tho-
mas Strenger, fifteen pence, Sealled in the presents of John
Gleidhill, of Eland, and Alice his wieff, and many others." In
consequence of this William Leventhorp, Esq, son of John Leven-
thorp, and Katharine his wife, of the vill of Sabrigeford, in Hert-
fordshire, with the consent of Katharine his mother, quit claimed
to William Thornhill, Esq. late of Fixby, and his lawful heirs, this
manor of Toothill, and for want of such remainder, to the heirs of
the said Katharine. Dated 12th November, 7 Hen. VI.

This manor also belongs to the Thornhills, of Fixby.

The oldest mention of the township of Rastrick, in any dated
instrument, is in the tax of the wapontake of Agbrig and Morley,
in 1284, recorded in Kirkby's book, where it is called a vill, and ra-
ted at 13s.

In an extent of the rent and service of the freemen of the soke
of Wakefield, made in 1314, the lord received of William, the son
of Annabil, 5s. 3d. of William, son of Walter, J d. ob. and of Alexan-
der de Rastrick, 2d. of John del Okes, for one tenement and one
bovate of land, 4d, of Alexander del Okes for one tenement of eight
acres, Id. and of Richard, son of Maud, for five acres, 2s. ob. These
were all the freemen at this time in Rastrick ; the rest were, according
to this roll, nativi tenentes, villains, or bondmen, some perhaps by
birth, such as were at the arbitrary pleasure of the lord, both in
their persons, children, and goods ; others so by contract, holding
their lands, and tenements, by doing certain stated servile offices,
such as plowing the lord's land, mowing his grass, and reaping his
corn. But the general badges of slavery in the graveship of Fixby
and Rastrick, were, that all the nativi tenentes. of what condition
soever, were tied to the repair of Wakefield mill-cM,m, and paid
marchetum, which is a word of various significations ; but here im-
plying maiden-rents, or a certain sum of money paid by the tenant
to the lord for liberty to marry a daughter.

THE CHAPEL.

There is certain evidence that a chapel existed at Rastrick so
early as the year 1411. Dr. Whitaker says "there is, or was, the
base of a Saxon cross, with scroUs and other ornaments resembling
that of Hartshead, on the south side of this chapel, from which I
am led to conclude that there was an ancient unrecorded place of



TOWNSHIP OF RASTRICK. 479

worship here prior to the foundation of the parish of Halifax, and de-
pendant during an unknown period, upon the parish of Dewsbury."

Watson refers to an old MS. relating to this chapel, it is to the
following effect : —

" M^"'"- that in the thirtye neyne yeare of Queene Elizabeth a
Parlyamente was begon at Westminster the 24 of October, A". Dom^
1597, and divers statuts there enacted and agreid upon, amongeste
which was a godlye statute made, intituled. An Acte to reforme
deceits and breaches of truste, touching lands gyven to charitable
uses, &c. by virtue of which Acte a Commission was awarded forthe
of hir Ma*^'*'^- heighe Cowrte of Chauncerye to the righte reverend
father the lord archbishoppe of Yorke, and divers other noblemen
and gentilmen in Yorckeshier, to enquiere of the breaches afor-
said, &c.

" By vertue of whiche Comission, Sir John Savile, of Bradley,
Knt. one of the Barons of Theschequer, Sir John Savile, of Holoye,
Knt. John Favor, Doctor of Lawe, Vicar of Halifax, Roberte Kaye,
and Will. Ramesden, Esquier, two Justices of Peace, &c. sate in
Eland, and impanelled a Jurye, to enquire of the breaches aforsaid,
which Jurye amongeste other things presented as followeth.

" Item, we presente, that in the towne of Rastricke there is one
awncyente chappell, buyldid as is thoughte above two hundreth
yeares since by the inhabitants of Rastricke, whiche was dedicated
to St. Mathewe, and wherein devine service hath bene used within
the memorye of man, whiche is converted to a lathe or bame, to
the great hurte of the inhabitants there, and late solde unto Roberte
Ramesden, late of Rastricke, by Will. Tusser, Clercke of the
Duchy e, under color of a comission made unto hym, in the two and
twentye yeare of his Heighnes reigne, for sale of some improvements.
Theye do not knowe of anye lands or teifts gyven to tlie mainte-
nance of the service ther, save one chappel-yeard, and one howse-
steede, now in ruyne, wherein somtyme (as reporte is) dwellyd a
Hermit, who was a principal founder of that Chappell. But the
inhabitants be desyerous, in regard theye be two miles from the
Churche, that it be to them agayne restored, and theye meane, by
a voluntarye stipend, to mainteyne divine service there againe, as
was in former tymes used.

" This presentement was, amongest other things, returned by
force of the said conTission unto the heighe Courte of Chauncerye.



480 TOWNSHIP OF RASTRICK.

" M'l"™. that it was the good .... of the said Mr. Baron Savile,
upon suite to hym made by yongMr. Thornehill and John Hanson,
upon the laste daye of Julye, A° 43 Eliz. to call before hym Hen-
rye Ramesden, sonn and heire of the said Roberte, being his coosen,
sheweing unto hym that nether his late father nor he had anye right
in that Chappell, (but as other inhabitants hade,) nor Mr. Tusser
had anye right to graunte it, being a Chappell of such antiquitye as
it was ; and he orderyd, by assent of the said Mr. Thornehill, John
Hanson, and Henrye Ramsden, that the inhabitants of Rastricke
shold peye unto hym forty shillings, in regard his father had dis-
bursed som charge to Mr. Tusser, and that he shold surrender his
right in the Chappell, and a parcell of land lickeind for a garth to
it, to the use of the inhabitants of the towne. This order was made
in wrytinge, and thereunto the said Baron sett his hand, and the
said Henrye Ramesden also. The moneye was peid unto Henrye,
and he surrendrid accordinglye, as appeareth by the order and by
the cowrtinge of this surrender."

Then follows an account of the charges of repairing this chapel ;
under which it appears that a common day work was made by most
of the inhabitants of Rastrick, March 28, ] 602, when the old wall
about the garth was pulled down, and a new one begun. In April
following Rastrick chapel was fescyd to be walled to the square,
after the rate of 3s. 4d. a roode, to be begun the day after Palm
Sunday, and to be finished before the 20th day of August. August
2nd, another common day work was made, and one end of the
chapel pulled down, and enlarged in length six yards, the breadth
being the same as the old chapel. It then proceeds thus : —

"jVjdum^ that the olde Chappell in Rasiricke was buyldid of two
heights, to witt, the Chappell of one rate, and the Queere of ano-
ther. The breadthe of the olde Chappell was the same the nowe
is ; yt conteynid in lenthe .... yeards, and in height two yeards
and a half besyde the Queere. The Queere of the olde Chappell
before it was pulled downe, conteynid in lenght fower yeards and
a foote, and in height to the square two yeards and half a foote.

"Theer was placed in this Chappell the image of owre Ladye,
graven in wood, the image of St. Mathewe, unto whome it was
dedicated, and the image of one other Sancte. And theer stood in
the street, nye to the Chappell-doore, one Cross of stone, very fine-



TOWNSHIP OF RASTRICK. 481

lye graven with frettid worck." This ancient cross yet remains,
in the chapel jmrd, though with the top broken off.

Then follow more accounts, amongst which are these remarks :
"the 17th daye of Auguste, 1602, the resydue of the Chappell was
pulled downe, and the old Queer. John Thornhill, yonger, and
John Hanson, fescid the Queere to wall at 3s. 4d. aroode, and they
bare the charge of a great stone windowe. Henry e Ramesden made
another windowe, and walled about the same."

Whole charges of the Chappell to the square 48s. 4d. Of the
gavell end, above the square, 4s. 6d. Walling the Queere (besides
the two windows) 23s. 4d. For stones getting and labourers wages
5s. 6d. Total £4 Is. 8d. The roof cost in workmanship 30s.
Sufficient timber was given to the old to make it with. The 14th
day of November, 1 602, the chapel was fescid to theake for 20s.
Some slate was given. The whole charge of this was 35s. lid.
Charge of plastering at l|d. a yard, 39s. 4d. The seating of the
chapel, besides timber, (which was mostly given) cost £3 13s. 4d.
Amongst the rest a good ash tree was at that time forced down the
river by a flood, from Copley hall to Rastrick, which Mr. William
Savile, the owner of Copley, thought fit to give towards seating the
chapel. Paving in the chapel cost 9s. lOd. For pulpit making
5s. Id. viz. 2s. 8d. for workmanship, and the same for diet; the wood
was given. Glass for windows 14s. lOd. A bell was borrowed of
Mr. Will. Ramsden for a time.

" M*!"'", that Gilberte Tomson, of Mirfeilde, aged threscore and
.... yeeres, who had servid as a Clercke m .... for manye yeares,
was toleratid by Mr. Doctor Faver, vicar of Halifax, to reed devine
service theere, durante bene placito of hym and the inhabitants, and
he did the first service 1". Jan. A". 1603.

"M'^"'", that the stales were twentye besydthe Queere, and the
tax of the townshippe 13s. Id. being twentye tymes 8d. And the
wear thus intendid :

"Mr. Thornehill, for all his landcs in llastrickc, 3s. 4d. being
one fourth part of the towne, fyve stales. — Henryc llamcsdcn and
his tenants, 20d. two stales and an half ; and in the like proportion
for all the rest.

.< jVlJum^ tli-^t; theere was ordinary e service so distincklyc done
and redd, and psalmes so well tuned and songe in that Chappell,
I I



482 TOWNSHIP OF RASTRICK.

that pleasyd Mr. Doctor Favor (to encorage the people in weldoinge)
to preache there in May, 1606, and Mr. More, parson of Giseleye,
and divers other, had preached theer before. Note, that before his
conTynge the great windowe next the pulpitt, which was the Queere
windowe in the olde Chappelle, beeing of wodd, was taken downe,
and a newe windowe of stone theere made and glassed at the charges
of Johann, the wiefF of John Hanson ; that window cost 30s. besyde
the carryage from Greetland.

" M^"™, that theere was suche resorte of people to this Chappell,
that the twenty seates made wold not place them, and the inhabi-
tants thought good to stale the nether end of the Chappell. John
Hanson bore the charges of an outshott on the north side of the
Queere."

In Feb. 1606, Mr. Ramsden calling for his bell which he had
lent, the inhabitants bought a new one, which cost £3 13s. and
with the whole expence attending it £4 12s. The above is the
only account that can be given of the antiquity of this chapel ; ex-
cept that in two deeds, dated in 1411, there is mention of the
Chapel-yard and the Chapel- croft.

The present chapel was erected about 40 years since. It is a
handsome stone edifice, with a bell tower attached, and is surround-
ed by a cemetery.

THE ENDOWMENT.

From a recital in a deed, dated 11th June, 1605, it appears that
ten acres of the waste and commons of the manor of Rastrick were
granted by the steward of the manor of Wakefield, to be inclosed
and improved, for the maintenance of some honest person to say
divine service in the chapel, paying yearly four-pence to the grave
of Rastrick.

The chapel has received the following augmentations from the
governors of queen Anne's bounty : before the year 1 720 the return-
ed certainty was five pounds per annum ; in 1 720, £200 was grant-
ed to meet a benefaction of £200 from sir George Armytage, bart.
and John Bedford, esq. ; in 1 760, three sums of £200 each to meet
three benefactions of the like sums from George Braithwaite and
George Thornhill, esqrs., and Dr. Strafford's executor ; and in 1822
a further sum of £200 was granted by lot. 1 he present annual
value of the incumbency, as stated in the last Report presented to



TOWNSHIP OF RASTRICK. 483

Parliament, is £13"). There is also a glebe-house attached. The
present incumbent is the Rev. Thomas Burton, M. A.

Amongst the ancient estates in this township are the following :

ACRE,

A piece of ground lying near Linlands, by the side of the river
Calder, conveyed by Isabel Scot, of Rastrick, in her widowhood,
and Ellen and Alice, daughters of the said Isabel, in their pure
virginity, by deed without date, to John de Totehill, to hold freely
and hereditarily, paying yearly three half-pennies for all ser\dces
and demands. They also conveyed to him, by another deed, half
an acre in the same place ; from whence it is plain, that the above
name did not here signify a fixed quantity of land, but an open piece
of ground, from the Saxon Acepe, a field, or as the Germans say.
Acker, by which they mean any sort of arable land, and call the
tiller of it Ackermann, agreeable to the Anglo-Saxon Acep-mon.
It is supposed that in early times an acre did not necessarily signify
any determined quantity of land, and when, by degrees, it was
brought to do this, the measure still varied, till it was fixed by the
statute called the Ordinance for measuring of land, passed in the
reign of king Edward I.

BLACKGREISS

Is a parcel of land and water before-mentioned, lying to the
river Calder, where two fulling mills were erected, 1 7 Edw. IV.

BENERODE,

Called otherwise Boneroyd, says Watson, because perhaps it was
a boon bestowed by the lord on some favourite tenant, or fol-
lower ; bene, amongst the Anglo-Saxons, and bone in the old En-
glish, signifying a petition or boon ; but if it is a little corrupted
from Binn-royd, it will signify the place which afforded shelter, or
security to cattle. Rode, or royd, is said to be uncultivated land,
which in respect of its original barrenness paid but two-pence per
acre, and was freed from the grave's service, and other impositions ;
all which may be true, but still wc want its etymon. It is one of
the many words which the Saxon \^ocabularies, not having met
with in any Saxon MSS. have honestly omitted.

ItOTHEROYD.

Gave name to a family, who, as we are told by Dr. Johnson in
his MS. Collections, had a privilege belonging to their lands, that
I I 2



4&4 TOWNSHIP OF RASTRICK.

they might hawk and hunt between "Worset Pole, four miles above
Rastrick westward, and to Spend Bridge, four miles from Rastrick
eastward ; which privilege was bought by one Mr. Law.

LINLANDS.

Here, on the bank of the river Calder, was the seat of the Ras-
tricks, of Rastrick, the most distinguished family which is known
to have resided in this township. The place is at present corruptly
called Lilands. It might have its name from the Ling, or Heath,
which originally grew here, but it seems more probable that it was so
called from Llynn, which in the ancient British (as Lin does in the
Cornish and Armoric languages) signifies a lake orpond of water, and
such an one there once was here, for in a copy of a deed without
date, Isabel, widow of John Scot, and Ellen and Alice her daugh-
ters, granted to John de Toythill, four acres of land in Linlands,
abutting on the south on the magnum puteum, and on the water of
Calder.

NEWLAND

Is mentioned by the name of an assart, 34 Edw. III. It was
so called, because from being a wood it was newly made arable ;
for in old deeds where the word terra occurs, it means, says Coke,
arable ground only, being so called, a terendo, quia vomere teritur.
Hence appears the reason of the distinction we so often meet with
in deeds, between the words terra, pratum, and pastura.

TOOTHILL,

Is a remarkable round-copped hill, which attracts the eyes of
every one travelling between Wakefield and Elland. It is a natural
mount, though the top of it looks as if it was artificial. It has a
good command of the country, and had its name, very probably,
from the neighbourhood being called together, on public occasions,
from the top of it, by the sound of an horn. Tuyte, or Tote, in the
Belgic language, signifies an horn ; and tuyten or toten (in English,
to tote or toot) to blow with an horn, as to toot means, in the
Swedish, inflare cornu. As it lies at a moderate distance above
Castle-hill, at Rastrick, and was a much more elevated situation,
it might serve to collect the inhabitants together, or give them notice
to secure themselves in the fort, on any sudden alarm. Or if it
answered no military purpose, it might be done as a signal to those
who were to attend the Lord when he came there for the diversion



TOWNSHIP OF RASTRICK, 485

of hunting, &c. In the forest of Sowerby, is a piece of high ground
called also Toothill, which it is also said was made use of for this
latter purpose ; and there are many such like situations in other fo-
rests which have the same name of Toothill, particularly one in the
forest of Macclesfield, in Cheshire, near Lime-hall, which was the
residence of the Lords of that part of the forest.

Near this hill (in Rastrick) lived the family before-mentioned
who took the surname of Toothill,

WOODHOUSE,

A very ancient mansion which long since gave name to a family
of some account, as already mentioned. It has its name from the
materials of which it is built to distinguish it from such as were
made of stone, a custom seldom used until after the Norman Era.



TOWNSHIP OF RISHWORTH,



Or RusnwoRTH, so called from the number of rushes therein,
adjoins the township of Barkisland on the back, and contains an
area of 0,190 statute acres. The name is not modern, as appears
from the Saxon orthography, and pronunciation of Rish for Rush.

John, earl of "Warren and Surry, claimed free warren here by



Online LibraryEng. (Lancashire). Parish BuryThe registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) → online text (page 44 of 52)