Eng. (Lancashire). Parish Bury.

The registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) online

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charter, 37 Henry HI. in the dispute 9 Edwd. I. and pleaded, that
he had this amongst others of ancient tenure, so that it seems to
have been granted from the crown with the manor of Wakefield.
Earl Warren was found to be lord thereof by Kirkby's inquest, 24
Edw. I. It is very probable that the family of Rishworth acquired
a manor here, for in the fines from the 3rd to the 6th of Edward II.
it appears that William de Langfield, and Agnes his wife, were
parties concerning the third part of the manors of Rishworth, Bar-
kisland, Bothomley, and Scamonden, which claim came from the
family of Rishworth, as stated under Barkisland, Another third
part went with a coheiress of Henry de Rishworth to Jordan de In-
sula, and sir John Eland is said to have bought his part. By the
copy of a deed, dated at Elande in 1326, John de Eland, knt. grants
to John, son of Robert de Claye, and the heirs of his body lawfully
begotten, the sixteenth part of all the waste of Risseworthe. This
came to sir John Savile, when he married the heiress of Eland ; but
another third part had come to John Savile, father of this sir John,
on account of his marrying Margaret, daughter, and one of the
three co-heiresses of the above Henry de Rishworth. A fine was
levied 13 Edw. II. between John de Savile, and Margaret, his wife,
concerning twenty-seven shillings, to be paid from lands in Barkis-
land, Bothomley, Northland, and the third part of the manor of
Rishworth, which Alicia the wife of Henry de Rishworth, held for
life. Another third part of this manor went to Thomas de Langfeld,


who married another of the daughters, and from that family, by-
marriage, to the Hamertons, as also stated under Barkisland. It
then became the property of sir George Savile, of RufFord : and
subsequently of the Right Honorable the Earl of Scarborough.


A small building is all that remains to remind the topographer
that Rishworth Hall formerly existed. Here lived a family of that
name, of which there is no pedigree ; from them it passed to the
Saviles. In that unfortunate feud between sir John Eland and most
of the neighbouring gentry, already mentioned, the owner of Rish-
worth Hall, John Savile, very prudently kept himself clear of the
quarrel, residing one half of the year at Rishworth Hall, and remo-
ving thence, by Savile-gate, to Bothom Hall in the parish of Hud-
dersfield. This Savile-gate, or road, Avas first made and used by
John Savile, (who married Margaret, daughter and co-heiress
of Henry de Rishworth,) after he came to spend part of his time at
Rishworth Hall. His way from Bothom Hall to this place was by
Outlane, where begins the Dane's road, and which stretching over
the township of Stainland, enters that of Barkisland, crossing the
brook near the bridge : in this township, at no great distance from
the remain called Meg-dike, Savile-gate branches out from the
Dane's road, and points directly upon Rishtvorth Hall, going by
Rishworth Mill. This road seems to have been made new only from
the place where it left that attributed to the Danes, and appeared
in Mr. Watson's time, to have been only laid out for travelling on
horseback. A good part of the ground it went over is now inclosed.

The following observations of Mr. Watson are certainly de-
serving of attention and consideration, because they seem to be the
result of much practical experience, although I fear the correctness
of some of his conclusions, may be called in question,

"Stable. On Booth-moor, in this township, is a piece of ground
inclosed within trenches, the side of which, to the south-west, is
about sixty yards long, that to the south-east, an hundred and three
yards ; the side opposite to the first of these about fifty yards, and
that opposite to the second also about an hundred and three yards ;
there is a round piece of raised ground near one of the angles, and
there is something like a passage through the whole. This I con-
jecture was made, in former times for the use of cattle, and the


name of it seems to confirm this opinion. There are several of these
remains in different parts of the country, which have been taken
for military stations by antiquaries, particularly one on Wike-moor
mentioned in Hearne's edition of Leland's Itineary, Oxford, 1744,
vol. i. page 146. This seems originally to have been of an oblong
form, but part of it is destroyed by some in closures. Its smaller
diameter was about seventy-seven yards ; of its larger there only
remain at present about forty-eight yards. The ditch has been
about eight yards wide, but could never be intended for defence,
for there is not any water in the neighbourhood to fill it with, and
the whole lies upon a flat common, without any sort of rising ground
in any of the approaches to it, which yet has generally been thought
necessary in the choice of situations to make places of defence.

"But what gives us the clearest idea of this subject, is a couple
of remains, at a very small distance from each other, on Crossland
moor in the parish of Huddersfield ; one of these is seventy-seven
yards by sixty-four ; but the greatest part of it, when I saw it in
1759, was inclosed with a wall, and intended to be plowed up.
The other is ninety-eight yards by eighty-seven. The vallum of
this last was six yards and about one foot wide. The smaller has
the appearace of a quadrangle, the larger was rounded off a little at
the corners. In the larger of them was found, when it was plowed
up, three ancient mill-stones, each a foot in diameter, and eleven
hollow places, two or three yards long a-piece, and three quarters
deep or thereabouts. Now these, one would think, if any thing
of this sort could put in its claim for a military station, might be
looked upon in that light ; and yet most assuredly they never were
intended for any such purpose. Their name shews their use ; the
country people call them the Stot-folds, without knowing the mean-
ing of the expression, which proves them to be of some antiquity.
Our Saxon ancestors, it is well known, were fond of horses, and
took great pains in the breeding of them, both for war and private
purposes ; they had numbers of them taken care of together, and
made proper inclosures for that purpose, with suitable conveniences
therein, both for the cattle, and those who attended them ; these
inclosures they called 8ro8-pol&r, the very name of the places in
question. For proof of this see Monasticon, vol. i. p. 2()0. These
on Crossland-moor were so considerable that the people who were


to make some stay here, found it necessary to have mill-stones with
them to grind their corn ; and no doubt but the hollows above men-
tioned, were where their huts were placed. To me it seems likely
that these works belonged to the garrison at Castle hill, near Al-
mondbury, from which they were not very far distant, and the roads
through each of them pointed that way. If this be so, it affords a
presumptive argument that Castle-hill was, what I have attempted
to prove it in the first volume of the Archseologia, p. 221, a Saxon

It appears from the Couchir book of Fountains Abbey, fol. 207,
that Thomas, son of William de Horbury, gave to Ivo Talvas and
his heirs, all his land in Wulfrunwall, (now called Wormald,) with-
out retention, with all commodities thereto belonging, in the town
of Rishworth ; and from fol. Ill, that Ivo Talvas, of Fekisby, gave
to John the Clerk, his son, the said land : both without date.

An account of the excellent charitable foundation, called Rish-
worth School, will be found among the "Public Charities."

There are some very interesting druidical remains in this town-


This township which lies to the South of Sowerby, and to which
it is said formerly to have belonged, is sometimes written South-
land, and by contraction Soland, because a considerable part of it
inclines to the South. It contains an area of 4960 statute acres.

In lord Kirkby's book (1284) it was taxed in Sowerby as an
hamlet belonging to that vill ; but it is an independant manor : for
in the dispute between the crown and earl Warren, temp, Edw. I.
the earl pleaded that he and his ancestors had used free warren in
Soyland, but named not Sowerby. By other accounts also he
claimed free warren in Soyland, by charter 37 Hen. III. which
never was claimed for Sowerby : the reason of which might be,
because Sowerby was an ancient forest, and therefore the crown
knew they had no right to it ; but Soyland being divided from this
by a small rivulet, and considered in some respects as a territory of
itself, they might think there was some chance of its not being in-
cluded in the earl's title to the forest. The services which the te-
nants in Soyland were bound to render to the lord are stated under

The following places are worth mentioning : —


Has for a long time past been a public-house, a welcome place
where the weary traveller might rest, and refresh himself after the
great fatigue of crossing Blackstone-edge, in his road from Lan-
cashire to Yorkshire, before the roads over this craggy mountain
were improved to that degree of perfection in which they are now
to be seen. As the house has so long been put to this use, both by
bipeds and quadrupeds, the name would appear to have been derived
from thence, was there not the strongest reason to suppose that the
place was so called before it was ever applied to the purpose of an


inn ; in short, that it had its denomination from the land, and not
from housing here ; for whatever may he the meaning of the first
syllable, the latter comes, undoubtedly, from the Saxon In5e,
called yet, in many parts of the North of England, Ing, and in the
plural number Ings, which signify meadows or pastures. This was
a summer vaccary, or feeding for cattle, and held, on that account,
as domain land by the earls of "Warren, under this title, "Tenementa
que sunt in manibus Domini in Dominico." This vaccary was so
considerable, that in 1314, in the book called Domisday, or an ex-
tent of the rents and services of the free men of the soke of Wake-
field, it was returned that there might be in Baytinge twenty-eight
fat beasts, and besides them ten fat beasts might be agisted (or
pastured) there, between the feasts of St. Helen and St. Giles,
which was yearly worth forty shillings ; another account says, it
was worth yearly twenty-six shillings and eight pence. This, with
other vaccaries in the forest, was afterwards granted, or let out by
copy of court roll, not by any certain number of acres, but by the
name of such a vaccary, lying within such and such boundaries.
The following is a grant of this vaccary ; at a court held at Wake-
field, 12th of March, 9th Henry IV, (translated from the French.)

" Edward, duke of York, earl of Cambridge, Rutland, and of
Cork, and lord of Tindall, to our trusty and well-beloved Lord
Rustin, of Nevill, greeting. Know you that we have granted to
our tenant, Roger Banister, two parcels of pasture, lying out of our
l)ark of Erringden, in Sowerbyshire, lying towards the south, called
Mareshae, and the Baitings : To have and to hold to the said Roger,
his heirs and assigns, in base tenure, according to the custom of
our said manor of Sowerby, yielding yearly to us and our heirs
twenty-six shillings and eight-pence, at terms usual. We charging
you that you accept the said Roger to make fine in our court of
Sowerby for the said parcels. To have and to hold, to him and to
his heirs, in form as is said, and that you cause the same to be en-
rolled there, witnessing our grant in the said court. In witness
whereof we have hereunto put our seal, dated the seventh day of
February, In the ninth year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord, king
Henry the Fourth after the conquest." The said Roger gave to the
lord, for fine for entry, five shillings, which he paid in court.

At the Turn at Halifax, Oct. 12, 14 Hen. IV. u grant was made


of two messuages, called Baitings, and also one old pasture, called
Baitings, as this lay within the following bounds. Beginning at
Baytingclough, and from that place as far as to Shokeforthebroke,
and so as far as to Lyttil Manneshede, and from that place lineally
across the way at Mareshaclough, and from thence as far as Blake-
stonedge, even where the water falls and parts, and so on the south
side of a certain way called the Causaye, as far as to Shokeforthe-
broke aforesaid. And the present owner of Baitings claims so much
to this day.

In one of the fields belonging to this estate, was formerly the
foundations of a building which goes by the name of the chapel.
In the time of Hen. VIII. the estate belonged to one Richard Gled-
hill, and in the reign of king James I. to the Priestleys, of White-
Windows. 1 WiUiam & Mary, Mrs. Everild ThornhUl was admit-
ted to the premises in fee, on the surrender of Henry Priestley, sub-
ject to a proviso of redemption. 1693, William Horton, gent, was
admitted in fee to the same, on the surrender of the said Mrs.
Thornhill, and Martha Priestley, widow. June 1st, 1711, Thomas
Priestley, son and heir of the said Henry Priestley, deceased, re-
leased his equity in the said premises to the said William Horton,
in fee, from which family it came by devise to Musgrave Brisco,
Esq. the present owner,


Which probably is the same mentioned in the survey of the ma-
nor of Sowerby in the year 1314.


A house so called, near which is a remarkable fine spring which
in former time seems to have been appropriated to superstitious
uses, and to have been dedicated to the Virgin Mary, honored at
that time with the title of our Lady ; if indeed the country in this
part was not the property of some religious house, for a consider-
able part of it went by the name of Lady-land, as appears from the
following entry in a MS, in the Harleian Collection, No. 797. —
"Turn at Brighouse, 1st Feb. 44 Edwd. Ill, John, son of Thomas
Culpan, died seized of six oxgangs of land in Soland, which lies in
Ladyland, which are held by eighteen-pencc rent, and suit of court
of Wakefield, from three weeks to three weeks." It belonged for-
merly to the name of Whiteley.



A house which gives name to a large district around it. On one
of the gable ends, says Watson, "is what I take to be intended for
the name of Jesus, which I have observed on several old houses in
Halifax parish, and might in that credulous age, be made use of to
drive away evil spirits." This place might take its name from Lyre
a few, and haejrl, an hazle, as being a place where a small wood of
hazles grew.


A house surrounded with good land, though doubtless it took
its name from its having been terra debilis & inculta.


Once the property of a family of the name of Swift, one of whom
erected a cross above the house by the road side, still called Swift-


This township lies to the "West of Elland, and contains an area
of 1730 statute acres. The name is in all probability derived from
the nature of the land here, a corruption of Stony-land ; although
in point of fertility it is not inferior to the neighbouring townships.

Within this township is an ancient cross, of which the follow-
ing sketch is here inserted, the remarks will be found in a subse-
quent page.

At the court at Wakefield, 6 Edw. III. Roger, son and heir of
Thomas de Thornton, who held the fourth part of the town of
Stainland by the service of ten shillings, did his homage. 7 Rich.


II. Hugh Annesley, and Joan, his wife, gave to Brian Stapleton,
knt. (inter alia) the manors of Linley, Stainland, &c. which some
time were William de Quermby's, late husband of said Joan, for
term of her life, rendering to said Hugh and Joan, and to the assigns
of said Joan, for her life, seventeen pounds fifteen shillings.

John de Heton claimed the custom of the body and lands of
Joan, daughter of William de Quermby, alleging that the said Wil-
liam held of him in Quermby certain lands and tenements, and the
moiety of the town of Stainland by homage, fealty, escuage, and
service of four-pence by the year, or of one pair of gilt spurs. They
made an agreement at Pontefract, Sept. 5, 10 Ric. II.

In the decree 6 Elizabeth before referred to, Edward Savile, his
heirs and assigns, were allowed peaceably to enjoy the manor of
Stainland, though it does not appear from the proceedings, that any
other person had laid claim to it. In 1577, by an inquisition taken at
Wakefield, it was found that this manor was held of the queen, as
of her lordship of Wakefield, but by what service the jury were ig-
norant; it appears by records, that it was by foreign service. By
another inquisition taken at Halifax, in some part of the reign of
queen Elizabeth, the heirs of Sir Henry Savile, knt, and lady Eliz-
abeth, his wife, were found to hold this manor, (inter alia) being
deemed to be within the lordship or dominion of Wakefield, but not
parcel thereof, neither parcel of the duchy, by reason of annexing
the same lordship to the duchy, as was supposed. Stainland and
Barkisland were found, by an inquisition at Pontefract, 5th and Oth
Phil, and Mary, to be held of the manor of Wakefield, in free soc-
cage by fealty and thirteen shillings and four-pence yearly ; and
that Henry Savile, knt. before his death was seized in fee tail of this
manor of Stainland amongst others ; how it descended afterwards
may be seen under Barkisland, which descended with it. It belongs
at present to the same noble owner.

There are two Charities connected with Stainland, wliich are
omitted in the Commissioners' Report. I have here stated them in
the words of my informant. James Gledhill, late of Holy-well-
green, (who died July 27th. 1792,) bequeathed £100, the interest
arising therefrom to be disposed of annually in the following manner
— 40s. to the minister of Stainland for preaching a sermon on good-
Friday ; the remainder to be laid out in linen cloth and given to the
poor of Stainland.


Mhs. Preston left £2 16s. 8d. annually to the poor of Stainland,
called Lady-Dole, vested in the earl of Mexborough.


The present owner of which is Savile, earl of Mexborough ; Avas
doubtless in days gone by, a noble residence, well befitting that
illustrious house. The chapel here, says Dr. Johnson, was pulled
down at the time of the civil wars, but the hall was burnt down in
1629. There is a tradition in the neighbourhood about this fire, and
it is likewise said, that it caused the family to remove to Methley.
The bells are also said to have been removed to Methley church, near
which this branch of the Savile family have a seat. Only a small
part of the hall now remains, but the ground about it shews, by its
inequality, that it has been more extensive. Over the gate are the
figures 1577, and the letters I. S. John Savile. On the kitchen wall
is 1598. In Watson's time, the chapel which had been re-edified,
served the the tenant for a barn ; a few large stones in an adjoining
fence are supposed to have belonged one entrance to the church.


Is a division within the township of Stainland. It was called
Old Linley, to distinguish it from another Linley, in the neighbour-
ing parish of Huddersfield, which goes by the name of New Linley :
in a deed dated in 1326, is this expression, "in campo de Stayne-
land, & in divisis de Lyndeleye ;" and in another, 23 Eliz. it is
called Old Linley, alias Over Linley.

By indentures of fine, in 1309, Thomas, son of Richard de
Wakefield, granted to William, son of Adam del Lee, an annual
rent of 5s. lid. of silver, with homages, wards, reliefs, escheats,
&c. to be taken from certain of his tenants therein mentioned, with-
in the vill of Linnley ; which seems to imply the right of manor in
the granter. And in a deed, sans date, John le Harpur de Wake-
field, and Eleanor his wife, (of the same family, no doubt,) grant
to Thomas de Touthill an annual rent of 8s. which he had recover-
ed, 14 Edw. II. (1230) from William, son of Adam del Lee, in
Hold Linley, with wards, reliefs, and escheats, " simul cum dom-
inio de Hold Linley & vasto, sicut Ric. clericus de Wakefield
quondam tenuit." By another date, sans date, the said John grants
to the said Thomas, 5s. lid. to be received from aU his tenants in
Hold Linley, with wards, &c. " et dorainio de Hold Linly, sicut


Ric. de Wakefeld quond. tenuit." By another deed he grants to
him " moram turbarum et boscum de Old Linley." From the Toot-
hills the manor of Old Linley descended to the Thornhills, on ac-
count of Richard de Thornhill marrying Margaret, daughter and
heiress of William de Toothill, in the reign of Edw. III. and accor-
dingly, by an inquisition taken at the court at Wakefield. 4 Hen.
IV. (1402) Margaret, late wife of Richard Thornhill, held, at the
time of her decease, (inter alia) " Linley cum mora turbaria &. bosco
de Old Linley, cum wardis, &c."

In the 47 Geo. Ill, an act was passed for enclosing lands in
this township. The lands enclosed under the authority of this act,
comprised two several open fields or mesne inclosures, called the
Upper Town Field and the Lower Town Field, and divers open
commons, moors, and waste grounds, called Old Linley edge, Lind-
ley moor, Lee hill, Jaggar Green, Dean and Gosforth Clough, and
other parcels of waste ground containing in the whole 200 statute
acres or thereabouts. Thomas Thornhill, esq. is the present lord
of the manor.

ST. Helen's.

Watson informs us, that here was once a Popish chapel, and
tradition says that it was also used by the Protestants in the reign
of queen Elizabeth. It was dedicated to St. Helen, whose name a
remarkably fine well, just by the remains of the chapel, retains to
this day. The chapel has been converted into a cottage, and it can
only just be seen that it once was a place of greater account. In
one of the walls of the house they shew you a large stone, which is
called the Cross, and which is sometimes visited by strangers,
who at the same time enquire for the well ; and, adds Watson,
"from the behaviour of some of them, the inhabitants concluded they
were Papists, whose zeal brought them thither, to behold this once
famous place, of which their forefathers were despoiled."


In the year 1 755 a chapel was erected in this township " for the
convenience of those who lay at so great a distance from any church,
chapel, or other place of public devotion." It is vested in nine trus-
tees upon trust to be " appropriated to and made use of as a chapel of
ease for the lawful assembly and meeting of the inhabitants of the
said township of Stainland, and of the vills and hamlets contiguous


thereto, and of all and every other person and persons who should
be desirous and willing to make use of and frequent the same, for
the celebration of divine worship therein, after the manner of the
true protestants of the church of England, and who should be sub-
ject to the rites, ceremonies, payments, customs, and services as
in the said church is used and practised."

There is a cemetary attached. The trustees from time to time
to be appointed are to be "true protestants, according to the church
of England as now by law established."


On the road side, and within half a mile of St. Helen's, stands
this interesting structure, which appears to have escaped the notice
of either Wright or Watson.

It represents a saltier or St. Andrew's cross, carved on a block
of stone ; the block is scooped out in the form of a cup, but the
cover that was formerly attached to it has been removed. The shaft
is circular and plain, without any of that rich, uncouth sculpture,
or scroll ornament, which antiquarians generally attribute to Saxon
or Danish structures. Its height from the base to the top of the
column is about ten feet, the shaft does not exceed five feet.

Neither tradition nor history have preserved the date or purpose
of its erection, and the oldest inhabitant only knows that his pater-
nal sire spoke of it as a very old affair. Since therefore we are left
in the dark on the subject, we may indulge in a harmless antiquarian
speculation ; in the hope that it may induce a more extended enquiry
among those who are qualified to form an opinion on its merits.

Online LibraryEng. (Lancashire). Parish BuryThe registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) → online text (page 45 of 52)