Eng. (Lancashire). Parish Bury.

The registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) online

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continued amongst our officers and tenants of our lordship of Sower-
by, unto the great hurt of us, and them also, because of our game
within our park of Ayringden, to the reformation of which, and also
to improve our said park, and the herbage of the same from hence-
forth, to our most profit and avail ; We therefore trusting in the
truth, wisdom, and diligence of our right trusty and well-beloved
sir John Seville, knt. our steward in Yorkshire, Thomas Willughby,
our auditor in England, and John Vincent, our receiver in the said
shire, have ordained and committed them, and given" them full
power and authority, by these our letters, for to divide our said j)ark
in divers parts or in parcels, and let it to ferme to good and sufficient
men for term of life, or for term of years, or otherwise, after the
custom of the manor, as their discretions shall think to our most
avail, destroying our game there, so that wc bear hereafter no more
charge thereof, holding firm and stable whatsoever our commission-
ers shall do in our name in the matter abovesaid. In witness whereof
we have set our seal to these our letters. Given at our castle of
Fodringham, the seventeenth (one copy says sixteenth) day of



TOWNSHIP OF ERRINGDEN. 511

March, in the twenty-seventh year of the reign of our sovereign
lord Henry Sixth," &c.

In consequence of the above, we find by the court rolls, that
Thomas Stansfeld came to the court and took of the lord a fourth
part of the said park, as it lay between Birnedakirygate (Burnt-
acresgate) and Beamonde-cloughe ; to hold to him, his heirs and
assigns for ever, by service, according to the custom of the manor,
paying yearly to the lord six pounds sterling at Michaelmas ; and
for a fine at entrance, eight pounds six shillings and eight-pence.
Also Thomas Southcliffe took another fourth part of the said park,
as it lay between Beamonde-cloughe and Hawks-clough. Rent and
fine as above. Also the said Thomas Southcliffe took a part of the
said park lying between Hoohoile and Brodehedcclough, to the three
stones on Eringden moor, which is called Mandike, where the di-
vision of the park ends. Yearly rent three pounds eight shillings.
Fine four pounds ten shillings. Also Richard Foumess took another
parcel called Sexokekqrres, lying between Hawkesclough and Hoo-
hoile, to the aforesaid stones in Mandike. Rent two pounds ten
shillings. Fine three pounds. Also Ralph Estwodd took another
parcel lying between Brodehedcclough and the white stone in the
Cragg, and to the aforesaid stones in Mandike; and another small par-
cel near Simmewifeclough. Rent one pound seven shillings. Fine
one pound eighteen shillings and fourpence. Also John Ryleye took
another parcel lying between the white stone in the Cragg, and
another stone beyond Gunerwalle-nase, (now called Nase-cnd.)
Rent one pound seven shillings. Fine one pound eighteen shillings
and four-pence. Also Robert Akeroyd took another parcel lying
between Le Great Oiler and Hawks-cloughe. Fine one pound ten
shillings ; no rent mentioned. Also John Sunderland took another
parcel, lying between the said stone beyond Gunerwalle-nase and
Lez Withennes, and so to Bannesterdike. Rent two pounds ten
shillings. Fine four pounds six shillings and eight-pence. And it
was agreed, that the said tenants, their heirs, and assigns, should
pay at the death of a chief tenant, or an alienation, after the rate
of twenty shillings for the fourth part of the said park ; and should
yearly chuse one of the tenants amongst tliemsclvcs to be the lord's
greave to collect the above rent of twenty-four pounds. And the
said tenants were not to do suit at the lord's mill, unless he built



512 TOWNSHIP OF ERRINGDEN.

a new mill on the river Calder, or the water of Ayringden. And
they gave the lord for fine at entrance fifty marks.

This Richard, duke of York, was soon after slain at the battle
of "Wakefield, in 1460, and the above copyholders became tenants
to the crown in the person of his son. King Edward the Fourth,
who by patent, 9 Edw. IV. part 1. m. 4. (one account says, 4 Edw.
IV.) granted to John Pilkington, an esquire of his body, the office
of chief forester, or master of his chase of Sowerby, and keeper of
his park of Erringden, for term of life. It is very likely that the
place was a sinecure after the accession of Edward lY. the park
being dispailed, or at least all the game destroyed, and even the
forest itself so neglected, as such, that Watson says he cannot
even meet with the name of forester after the death of this John.
The Pilkingtons seem to have been highly in favor with the lords
of this forest and park, for Robert Pilkington had a considerable
post under the above-named duke of York, in the reign of Henry
VI. as will appear from the following dispute which happened in
his time, and which tending very much to shew the forest customs,
is here translated from the barbarous Latin of the times : — " Be it
known in the court of Sowerby, held there the third day of May,
in the twenty-first year of the reign of king Henry VI. after the
conquest of England. A controversy having arisen between Robert
Pilkington, steward and governor of Sowerbyshire, of the one part,
and the tenants of Sowerby and Warley, of the other part. The
said steward alleging, that the lord shall take his profit of the com-
mon, without the agreement of the tenants, in what manner he
shaU think fit, and make fine for his own uses, as he himself shall
please to fix the same ; the tenants answer, and say, that it is not
so by their custom, which they will prove by law, for they say
their custom is, that no man shall inclose any parcel of the waste
without the view of twelve men sworn in the court, and without
proclamation being there thrice made, when the people are assem-
bled, to see whether it be for the hurt of the tenants, or not. And
if it shall be found by those twelve men, or by the tenants, that it
is for their harm, it shall not be inclosed. And if any tenant shall
trespass in the demesne lands, he shall be presented by the foresters,
and four sworn tenants, who he is, and what trespass he hath
committed, and the steward shall fine him according to the fact.



TOWNSHIP OF ERRINGDEN. 513

And that custom was in the days of our ancestors, in the reign of
king Edward III. The said steward taking this declaration of the
tenants into consideration, agreed, that a writing indented should
be made between him and them, and two or four tenants should go
to the lord, and shew him the writing, and solicit for their customs,
and what good writings he should know to come from his lord, he
should confirm, and they would take him for their good master,"
The answer to which was in English thus : — " Be it known by this
writing, that we, Richard Langley, duke of York, Edward, son
and heir of the said duke, and earl of Marshe, with our full and
noble council of our family, greeting. We command our well-be-
loved servant, Robert Pilkington, steward and governor of Sowerby-
shire. Whereas our tenants have given us a bill indented between
you and them, to have their commons and customs, as their ances-
tors had in the reign of king Edward III. by our full, and noble
council, we grant to them according to that writing, and their
desires, as the custom of right requires, viz. when any tenant, or
tenants, doth or do desire any parcel of our commons, in our court,
that there be sworn twelve tenants, and proclamation be there
thrice made, where a multitude of the people are assembled, whether
it be for the hurt of the tenants, or not, and if it be found for the
hurt it shall not be received in the said court ; and if there be any
dispute there, concerning any common or custom between tenant
and tenant, or between vill and viU, they shall abide tryal by twelve
men in the said court where the dispute was received, as was cus-
tomary in former times. And if any shall make fine in our courts
within our lordships, for any waste, twelve men not first sworn on
the occasion, nor proclamation made in such form as is aforesaid,
that then those tenants to whom it is hurtful, and other tenants
with them, shall go to the inclosure, and make it common again,
not inclosed, nor at any time after to be inclosed. Their fines for
entrance shall be made agreeable to their customs. And if any
officer, or greave, or bailiff, or suitor to the court, who sit in the
said court, do disagree with any tenant there present, they shall
rise to allege their matters at the bar, and put them to the judgment
of twelve men. So that all matters which are in variance in our
lordships, which belong to our courts, shall be determined by twelve
men as before recited. Furthermore we desire and admonish you

L L



514 TOWNSHIP OF ERRINGDEN,

to fulfil that writing, as you would have our good lordships, and
remain in your office, so that our tenants do not come again to us
for these matters."

The park of Erringden was granted from king Edward VI. to sir
William Willoughby, knt. lord Willoughby, and sir Thomas Hen-
nage, knt. by letters patent under the great seal of England, dated
at Burnedisley, August 17, in the second year of his reign. These
sold it afterwards, by deeds dated J 0th and 12th of November. 2
Edward VI, to Richard Whalley, Esq ; of Welbeck, in the county
of Nottingham. Watson says, April 6th, 2 Eliz. a royal licence
Avas given to this Richard Whalley, to alienate seven messuages,
and certain lands here, to Edward Stansfield, of Ayringden, clothier
in which licence, as also in the deed of conveyance, it is called
Aryngden parke, in parochia de Heptonstall, and said to be held of
the queen in capite. But he does not find when it passed from the
name of Whalley. It is not improbable that this Richard Whalley
alienated portions of it to divers persons. I have in my possession
a similar royal grant and licence to that mentioned by Watson,
dated 28 Eliz., from the queen to Richard Whalley, armiger, and
Anne, to alienate three messuages, &c. in Aerynden, alias Earyn-
den, Parke, holden of the queen in capite, to Richard Thomas, senr.
Richard Thomas, junr. and Edward Thomas ; and also another deed
prior to the enfranchisement deed of the -1th James I. set forth in
Watson. This deed is important on account of its recitals. It
is dated 1st James I., Nov. 6th, 1603, and is a deed under the
hands and seals of George Halstead, John Sunderland, William
SutclifFe, of Ayringden, Richard Naylor, of Wadsworth, and Ed-
ward Radcliflfe, of Sowerby ; reciting that the late queen of famous
memory, Elizabeth, late dread sovereigne, had by her highness
letters patent, bearing date at Westminster, the 6th day of Febru-
ary, in the foure and fourtieth yeare of her late highness reigne,
gyven, granted and confirmed unto the said George Halstead,
John Sunderland, William SutclifF, beinge tenants of Ayringden
their heirs and assigns, all that the park of Ayrenden, late Earingden
in the county of Yorke, Vith all the rights, members, and appurts,
being by a particular thereof of the yearly value of £24, by yeare,
sometyme parcel of the lands and possessions of the duchy of York
and then or late parcel of the lordship of Wakefield, in the said



TOWNSHIP OF ERRINGDEN. 515

county of York, beinge and all and singular the messuage, milnes,
houses, edifices, barns, stables, dovehouses, orchards, gardens, lands,
tenements, meadows, feedings, pastures, hereditaments whatsoever,
to the said parke of Ayrenden in the said county of York appertain-
ing or belonging, reputed, taken or known to be part, parcel or
member thereof, as further by the said letters patent may appear,
which said letters patent were so accepted of for the avoidinge of
suite, trouble, question, ambiguity and controversy that was like to
have grown by reason of a supposed imperfection or concealment
in a former grant thereof, by the late king Edward the sixth, unto
sir ITiomas Heneage, sir William Willoughby, knight, lord Wil-
loughby, bearing date at Burndisley the seaventh day of August in
the second yeare of his reign. The deed declares the uses of a fine
previously levied concerning the three messuages, &c.

4 James I. the said George Halstead, John Sunderland, William
SutclifFe, and one Henry Naylor, clothiers, obtained an enfranchise-
ment deed from that king, which recites, that in consideration of the
sum of threescore and twelve pounds, twenty -four pounds of whici).
were paid for the grant of Erringden park, and forty-eight pounds for
a release and discharge of the service and tenure mentioned, and re-
served in certain letters patent of king Edward VI. bearing date the
1 7th day of August, in the second year of his reign ; as also in other
letters patent bearing date the 6th day of February, 44 Eliz. the said
king did grant to the said George Halstead, &c. all the park of Er-
ringden, of the yearly rent or value of twenty-four pounds, some time
parcel of the lands and possessions of the duchy of York, and then or
late belonging to the lordship or manor of Wakefield, and late an-
nexed to the duchy of Lancaster, with all messuages, milnes, houses,
edifices, buildings, barns, stables, dovehouses, orchards, gardens,
lands, tenements, meadows, feedings, pastures, and hereditaments
whatsoever ; And also commons, demesne lands, wastes, heaths,
moors, marshes, woods, underwoods, commodities, waters, fishings,
fish-ponds, suits, soccages, mulctures, free warrens, mines, quarries
of stone, rents, reversions, and services, rents charge, rents soke,
and rents and services as well of free as customary tenants, works of
tenants, free farms, annuities, knights fees, wards, marriages, escheats,
relieves, hcriots, fines, amerciaments, courts leets, view of frank
pledge, perquisitions, and profits of courts and leets, and all things
L L 2



516 TOWNSHIP OF ERRINGDEN.

to the court leet and view of frank pledge belonging, waifs, estrayes,
bondmen and bondwomen, villains with their posterities, estovers,
and commons of estovers, fairs, markets, tolls, tributes, customs,
rights, jurisdictions, franchises, privileges, profits, commodities,
advantages, emoluments, and hereditaments whatsoever. And the
said George Halstead, &c. their heirs and assigns, for ever might
by this grant have, hold, and keep within the premisses, and any
parcel thereof, all such courts leets, view of frank pledge, law days,
assize, and assizes of bread, wine, and ale, waives, estraies, and of
all the goods and chattels of felons and fugitives, and all manner of
deodands, knights fees, wards, marriages, relieves, escheats, heriots,
free warrens, liberties, parks, and all other rights, &c. in as ample
manner and form, as any duke of York, or any other possessing the
said park, ever had, held, or kept. To hold to the said George
Halstead, &c. their heirs and assigns for ever, of the said king, his
heirs, and successors, as of the manor or lordship of Wakefield, in
the county of York, parcel of the duchy of Lancaster, in free and
common soccage, by fealty only, and not in capite, nor by knights
service, for all rents, services, and demands whatsoever, "This (says
Mr. Watson) was only a trust deed in Halstead, Sunderland, Sut-
clifre, and Naylor, for they afterwards conveyed back what had been
made over to them by different owners. In consequence however of
the above enfranchisement deed, the landholders in Erringden ac-
knowledge no lord of the manor, nor pay suit or service to any court."
I have another deed dated 16th April, 1607, James I. which,
seems to confirm this statement of Watson's ; it purports to be
made between the said Halstead, Sunderland. SutcliiFe, and Nay-
lor of the one part, and Richard Thomas of the other part, and
recites the enfranchisement deed from the king, and that H alstead,
Sunderland, and Naylor, as well for themselves as for the rest of
the inhabitants of Earingden, and at the charge of all the said in-
habitants, obtained from His Majesty, under the great seal, &c.
all that the parke of Earingen, &c. as before set forth ; this deed
declares that so much of the said land, &c. as was, at the time of
making the grant, reputed to belong to said Halstead, &c. should
continue to them, and as to the residue thereof, to the uses of
Richard Thomas and of others, the freeholders, tenants, and inha-
bitants of Aerynden, alias Earynden Parke.



TOWNSHIP OF ERRINGDEN. 517

The present state of this once famous park is, that it constitutes
the township of Erringden, and has no waste ground in it, but is
all enclosed, though not improved. It lies entirely in the town-
ship of Sowerby, and for a considerable way there is but a small
slip of land between this and the bounds of Sowerby township,
which, in that part, are formed by the river Calder. The reason of
this is, because the limits of Erringden are where the pales stood ;
and the rest must belong to Sowerby, out of which the park was
originally taken. Tradition says, that the park held a great many
sheep, as well as deer.

The following places in this township are worthy of note : —

GUNERWALLNASE

Which has the modern name of Nase-end. Here is a flat piece
of ground, whereon, tradition says, a tower once stood, and the
situation seems favorable enough for an erection of this sort, for it
commands a great part of the country.

THE LODGE.

Here doubtless lived some of the keepers, as tradition informs
us they did likewise at Bell-house, within this park. This Lodge,
which is near Height, in Erringden, is said to be the oldest house
in the township, which confirms the above opinion.

OLD CHAMBER.

The habitation, as I take it, of Pilkington, Seneschal, and rec-
tor of Sowerbyshire, whose house was burned in the reign of Hen.
VI. It is certain that he lived in Erringden, and at this place more
likely than any other, because of its being a chambered house,
which, as Thoresby, in his Ducatus, Appendix, p. 606, has justly
observed, "was a rare matter of old amongst the sylvicolse in the
forest of Hardwick," where the chaumer mou signified an inhabiter
of the chambered house, the very place we are describing. In the
neighboring forest of Rossendale is a house called Chamber, from
the convenient situation of which it is probable that the chaumcr-
mon was here, as in the above instances, the keeper of the forest.

THE MANSION-HOUSE

In this township, is a respectable old fabric, at Hoo-hoile, it has
been long in the possession of the present family of Sutclift'es, who
have considerable possessions in this part, we find them taking part
of the park at the time it was dispailcd.



TOWNSHIP OF LANGFIELD.



This township which adjoins Erringden on the East, the parish
of Rochdale, in Lancashire, on the West, and the Calder on the
North, contains an area of 2620 statute acres.

It is mentioned in Domesday book as one of the nine berewicks
belonging to the manor of Wakefield, by the name of Langefelt,
(otherwise Langfield.) From the crown it passed to the earls of
Warren, and they justified their right to the exercise of free war-
ren here in a writ of quo warranto by chaiter 37 Henry III.

3 Edward I, Tho. de Langfeld held in capite of earl Warren,
in the town of Mancanholes, thirteen oxgangs of land, paying year-
ly 3s. 4d. 9 Edward III. Will, de Langfeld conveyed to John de
Metheleye and Henry de Langfeld, all his lands which he had of
the gift of John earl Warren in le Withens, Tornelymosse and Man-
kanholes in Sourbeschire, without the park of Heyrikdene, viz. be-
tween Mankanhole-edge on the one side and Southstrindebrae on
the other, and in 1 1 Edward III, the king confirmed this grant to
them in fee for the yearly rent of 26s, 8d. In this confirmation
they are called waste lands.

From the Langfeld's it passed to sir Richard Hamerton, of Ha-
merton, knt. who married the heiress of Langfeld about the time of
Edward III. Sir Richard had Sir Stephen, who had John, who had
Sir Stephen : the estate of this Sir Stephen Hamerton, of Hamerton,
knt., (he being attainted of high treason in the reign of Henry
VIII, and executed at Tyburn,) came into the hands of the crown.
HoLiNSHEAD iu liis Chrotiicle, p. 1569, says, "about the latter end
of this 28th year, the lord Darcy, Aske, sir Robert Conestable, sir
John Bulmer, and his wife, sir Tho. Percy e, brother to the earl of
Northumberlande, sir Stephen Hamilton, (it should be Hamerton,)
Nicholas Tempest, Esq, William Lomley, son to the lurd Lomley,



TOWNSHIP OF LANGFIELD. 519

began eftsoons to conspire, although every of them before had re-
ceived their pardons ; and now vv^ere they all taken, and brought to
the tow^er of London as prisoners." Sir Stephen, therefore, had
been in Aske's first rising, called the Pilgrimage of Grace, and had
been pardoned with the other ringleaders of that conspiracy. After
the attainder of Sir Stephen, the manor of Langfield never returned
to the Hamertons.

By an inquisition, taken in the year 1577, itappears to have been
in the hands of the Queen, per attincturam Step. Hamerton, mill. How
it became vested in the Savilles, whose property it now is, is not
shewn : the present lord is the Right Honorable the Earl of Scar-
borough.

MANCANHOLES,

Within this township, has its name as " I conjecture, (says Watson)
from the British Mawn, a turf, or peat, being probably the place
from whence the ancient British inhabitants of this neighbourhood
fetched their fuel." After the Conquest it was so far improved, that
it was converted, along with Cromptonstall, Fernside, Oversalton-
stall, Nethersaltonstall, Hadershelf, and Baitings, all in Sovverby-
shire, into a vaccary, where cattle were nourished and bred, as ap-
pears by surveys taken in the time of the earls of Warren, and by
the accounts of the officers of the said earls ; which likewise shew
that they were held in demesne. These officers were called In-
stauratories, and gave the yearly accounts of the revenues of their
cattle, as the graves gave of their rents at every audit, to the earl'o
other officers. These vaccaries were, in length of time, let forth
to tenants by copy of court roll. The herbage of Mancanholes, in
1314, was valued at 16s. per annum. Watson had the copy of a
deed in 1519, wherein the "cross of MankjTiholes" is mentioned.
On the highest point of this township called Stoodley Pike, has
been erected a lofty column, in honor of the Duke of Wellington,
which forms a conspicuous object from the valley beneath, and many
miles round. From its summit there is a most extensive prospect.



TOWNSHIP OF STANSFIELD.



This township extends six miles along the banks of the Calder,
that river partly dividing it from Lancashire, on the East it is se-
parated from Heptonstall by a brook which empties itself into the
Calder at Mytholm. It contains an area of 5920 statute acres ; the
name characterizes the place (Stoney-field,) and it possesses many
fine druidical remains, an account of which will be found in the
chapter devoted to the "British iEra."

Stansfield is also mentioned in Domesday book, as one of the
nine berewics belonging to Wakefield, by the name of Stansfelt,
and therefore was conveyed along with that manor. It was in the
hands of earl Warren at the time of Kirkby's inquest. Hameline
Plantagenet, earl of Warren and Surry, granted by deed under seal,
without date, his inheritance in Sowerbyshire, of which Stansfeld
was a part, to Jordan, son of Askolf de Thornhill, and in that fa-
mily it continued till it was transferred to that of Savile, on account
of the marriage of Henry Savile with Elizabeth, daughter and heir-
ess of Simon Thornhill, of Thornhill. The present lord of the ma-
nor is the right Hon. the earl of Scarborough, who succeeded to the
late earl. This manor in some ancient evidences is called Stansfeld
cum Blackshawe et Rowtonstall ; and that the last of these was a
reputed manor is plain, because earl Warren claimed free warren
there by charter 37 Henry III. And in the fines 8 and 9 Elizabeth
the manor of Rowtonstall, amongst others, is said to be the right
of Edward Savile. The manors of Stansfeld and Wadsworth are
said, in an Inquisition taken at Pontefract, 5 and 6 Phil, and Mary,
to be held of the lordship of Wakefield, by the rent of two shillings
yearly, and to be worth beyond reprises thirty pounds.

An act for enclosing lands within the township received the
royal assent on the 25th day of May, 1815, The lands enclosed



TOWNSHIP OF STANSFIELD. 521

comprise divers commons, moors, and waste grounds called the
Stumps or Cliisley stones, Keelliam height. Bride stones, Hawk-
stones, Mount hill. Red mines. Salt pie. Red mine clough. Field



Online LibraryEng. (Lancashire). Parish BuryThe registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) → online text (page 47 of 52)