Eng. (Lancashire). Parish Bury.

The registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) online

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head moor. Brown hill, Pole hill, Clunter, and Cowside, contain-
ing together 1000 acres.

STANSFIELD-HALL.

Or more properly speaking, Stansfeld-hall, is bituated in a very
beautiful part of the vale of Todmorden. A part of the old house
still exists, and there are some remains of the arms over the man-
tle piece in the hall, in plaister work, irregularly placed along with
those of Lascels, a cross flory ; from which last circumstance it is
probable that it was built by Thomas Stansfeld who married Bar-
bara the daughter of John Lascels.

A family of considerable repute lived here, who took their name
from their situation. The original of them was one Wyons Mari-
ons, lord of Stansfield, who probably came from Normandy with
William the Conqueror, and in all likelihood a follower of earl War-
ren, on whom this lordship was bestowed.

It appears from certain vn-itings in the possession of the Sut-
clifFe family, the present owner of it, that in 1675 one John Pil-
ling sold Stansfield Hall, with its appurtenances, to Joshua Hor-
ton, Esq. of Sowerby, and that the widow PiUing released her right
of dower in the said hall to Dr. Thomas Horton, in 1 693. This
Pilling is supposed to have bought of Stansfeld, and SutclifFe, of
Horton.

John, son of Essolf, gave to Roger son of Warin, and to Ama-
bella his daughter, five oxgangs of land in Stansfeld, with the mill
in the same town, with what was fixed to the mill, which, with
the appurtenances, amounted to seven oxgangs of land, to be held
in free marriage, with wastes, woods, and paying fifteen shillings
yearly.

John de Thornhill hold forty oxgangs of land in Stansfeld and
Wadsworth, paying ten shilliug^3 yearly, 3 Edw. I.

CllOSTONE CHAPEL.

Wright, p. 71. says he cannot tell whether this is as old as
Sowerby chapel or not ; however, it is certain that there was a
chapel here in IfiKJ. There is a tradition of the neighbourhood,
that it was built by a Stansfeld, of Stansfield-hall ; if so, it must



522 TOWNSHIP OF STANSFIELD.

Iiave been in being before the year 1530, for at that time James
Stansfeld, of Stansfeld, (the last of that name who resided here,)
removed to Hartshead, Others say, that on account of the great
distance from the mother church, the inhabitants of Stansfield and
Langfield obtained leave to build this chapel, and that, in order to
raise a provision for a curate there, they did, at the founding and
consecrating- of it, endow it with a yearly salary of twenty pounds,
which salary, in a pamphlet published at London, by Archdeacon
Hayter, in 1741, being an account of a dispute with the body of
Quakers concerning their payment of tithes, church rates, &c. is
said to have been paid in 1572, as appeared by a chapel rental of
that date. It is however most probable, as Dr. Whitaker says, that
the first chapel was erected about the time of Henry VIII. and so
denominated from a much more ancient cross of which the base and
socket now remains near the place.

The late structure was perhaps of the time of James I. and was
remarkable for nothing but the peculiarity of cross arches springing
from the ground which supported the wood work instead of princi-
pals. In consequence of the late fabric being very much out of re-
pair and further accommodation required, a subscription was lately
raised and a representation made to the commissioners far building
and promoting the building of churches, who granted a sum of mo-
ney to meet the subscription. A new chapel has since been erected
which was consecrated by the archbishop of the province in Sep-
tember, 1835.

Nov. 1st, 1678, a licence was obtained from the Archbishop of
York to the inhabitants of Stansfield and Langfield, for the allow-
ance of baptisms and burials at Crostone, similar to the licence
given under LightcliiFe.

In the Register at Heptonstall is an injunction, dated June 28,
1 682, from the Archbishop of York, to the curate and chapel-war-
dens of the chapel of Crostone, reciting, that information had been
given, that under colour of the above licence, the curate of Crostone
had presumed to join persons together in holy matrimony in the
said chapel, and that several persons dying in the said chapelry,
had been carried to an adjacent church or chapel, called Todmor-
den, in Lancashire, and there interred, without a certificate from
the curate of Heptonstall, or his being any way acquainted there-



TOWNSHIP OF STANSFIELD. 523

with ; and that the inhabitants of the said chapelry of Crostone had
refused to pay the parish clerk his usual fee for such burials at
Crostone and Todmorden as aforesaid ; and that the said curate or
chapel-wardens of Crostone had neglected to return the names of
such persons so married, baptized, and buried, to the curate or clerk
of Heptonstall, by reason whereof the said curate and clerk were
likely to be defrauded of their ancient and accustomed dues ; and
commanding them to redress those grievances for the future.

As to the Endowment of the chapel, it appears there is 10s. paid
annually to the incumbent for preaching a sermon yearly in the
said chapel, on Whit-sunday, from a farm in Harley-wood, in
Stansfield, called the Jumps.

The inhabitants of Stansfield and Langfield, as it is said, did at
the first building of the chapel, charge their estates therein with
the annual payment of twenty pounds to the curate, which, as ap-
pears from an old chapel rental, was paid in 1572, and is continued
to this day. The living has been augmented by the governors of
the bounty of queen Anne with the following sums ; in the year
1810, £200 by lot; 1813, £1400 by lot ; 1816, two sums of £300
each to meet two benefactions of £200 each from the inhabitants ;
1820, £800 by lot ; and 1 824, a sum of £300 to meet a benefaction
of £200 from the Rev. J. Fennell, the present incumbent. The
value of the living, as stated in the Report of the Commissioners
presented to Parliament in June, 1S35, by command of His Majesty,
is £130 per annum.

MYTHOLM.

A small hamlet in this township, embedded in the mountain
scenery of the vale of Todmorden. The want of an ecclesiastical
place of worship in this vale had long been felt, and the inconvenient
access to the parochial chapel of Hepstonstall, as also to Crostone
in inclement weather was a matter of complaint. A new chapel, in
the pscudo gothic style, from a design of the late Mr. John Oates,
has within the last year, (1835,) been erected on a most eligible
spot of ground at Mytholm adjoining the brook there, and at the
foot of a high ridge of hills that overlook the valley. The scite
was handsomely presented by the Rev. James Armytage Rhodes (at
the back of whose mansion it is situate ;) as also the stone from the
neighbouring quarry : the funds were provided by the commissioners
ior building churches.



524 . TOWNSHIP OF STANSFIELD.

There is a dissenting chapel in this township at Eastwood,
which has been in existence upwards of a century, and is endowed
with some property, but to what extent I am not aware. It arises
from the Will of Mary Hutton, of Pudsey, dated July 26th, 1720,
who gave and devised to Robert Milnes. of Wakefield, and others,
(7 trustees,) their heirs and assigns, all her tenements at Horton,
Bowling, or either of them, upon trust that her said trustees should
after her decease, receive the rents, &c. deducting thereout the
money disbursed in the reparation or improvement of the premises,
and yearly pay over the clear remainder of such rents and profits
to such protestant dissenting ministers of the presbyterian or con-
gregational persuasion, who should be respectively the settled
preachers at the respective chapels then used, and duly recorded at
the general or quarter sessions, as places of religious worship, (then
follows the names, &c. of seven chapels, amongst which is East-
wood Chapel in the township of Stansfield,) and their respective
successors, who should reside within the parish in which the chapel
wherein he officiates is situate, for the benefit, better maintenance,
and support of such preachers, to be equally divided amongst them.
There is a proviso, that in case the said seven chapels, or any of
them should cease to be made use of as places of religious worship
by protestant dissenters from the church of England, having such
preachers as aforesaid, by the space of four years, either through
the restraint and prohibition of the civil government, or otherwise,
that then, from and immediately after such discontinuance of re-
ligious worship there, her said trustees, their heirs and assigns,
should convey over the premises to the use of such preachers, in
manner therein mentioned.

On the decease of four trustees, the survivors are, within three
calendar months to choose four honest able persons, protestant dis-
senters from the church of England, as by law established, and so
on from time to time.



TOWNSHIP OF WADSWORTH.



This township, which is sej-jarated on the North by a watercourse
from the township of Oxenhope in the parish of , and

is bounded on the South by the river Calder, is the largest in the
Parish, occupying no less than 10.080 statute acres, though its
population is by no means proportionate.

The name, says Watson, "I take to mean Woodsworth, on
account of the woods which once abounded here, though the present
appearance of the country does not much justify this etymology :"
but with all deference to that gentleman, I think it may be derived
from the Saxon patronymic Wada, and is probably the name of
some person who established here his worth, or residence. We
learn from Camden that there was a Saxon duke, named Wada,
who gave battle to king Ardulph, at Whalley in Lancashire, and
died in 798.

Wadsworth is mentioned also in Domesday-book as one of the
nine berewics belonging to the lordship of Wakefield, by the name
of Wadesuurde. Earl Warren was allowed free warren in this town-
ship, by charter, 37 Hen. HI. And it was also one of the towns
which Hamelin earl Warren granted in Sowerbyshire to Jordan de
Thornhill, about 1169. Simon de Thornhill had lands here; and
Richard de Thornhill gave to Adam de Redicar, estovers in the
wood of Wadsworth, date uncertain. John de Thornhill held, 3
Edw. I. forty oxgangs of land in Stansfeld and Wadsworth, paying-
yearly ten shillings. 30 Hen. HI. a fine was passed between John,
son of William de Whitley, plaintiff, and Ivo de Methley, defend-
ant, of twelve oxgangs of land, in Thornhill, Ovenden, and Wads-
worth. In a survey of the honor of Pickering, in 1577, it appeared,
that 43 Edw. III. Simon de Thornhill, who held of the lord in
Stansfeld, Skircoat, Ovenden, and Wadsworth, certain lands, &c.



52G TOWNSHIP OF WADSWORTH.

in soccage, died, and Elizabeth, his daughter and heir, of the age
of two years, and in the custody of Elizabeth, her mother, came
and gave for relief ten shillings. Sir Brian de Thornhill, parson of
the church of Bedall, enfeoffed John de Methley, and Cecily his
wife, of nine acres of the waste of Wadsworth, and other- tenements,
which Beatrice, who was the wife of sir John de Thornhill, held in
name of dower, 2 Edw. III. 46 Edw. III. John Snithall, chaplain,
gave to John de Wodhead, of Clifton, forty-five shillings rent, and
the fourth part of a mill, which said John had of the gift of William
de Normanton, and Isabel his wife, by fine thereof levied in the
King's court in "Wadsworth, Ovenden and lUingworth, in Sowerby-
shire, to hold to the said John, to the full age of Thomas, son and
heir of Adam de Metheley, of Thornhill. Otto de Rivill gave to
Richard de Stansfeld, for his homage and service, one oxgang of
land in Wadsworth, which Richard Talvas some time held, lying
in the field of Waddesworth, and in Crimlishworth. Jordan le
Vavasor, and Katharine his wife, were summoned to answer to the
king, by what warrant they claimed to have free warren in all their
demain lands in Wadsworth, and they came not, therefore it was
commanded to the sheriff to distrain them by all their lands, &c.

18 Hen. VI. Thomas Sayvyll, of Thornyll, esq. and Margaret,
his wife, granted to Richard de Waddesworth the elder, and heirs,
certain lands in Waddesworth, and liberty when, and as often as
they pleased, to hunt, hawk, fish, and fowl, within the vill and
dominion, (dominium,) of Waddesworth, as freely as if he the lord
was there in person, with liberty, if the lord inclosed any of the
waste, or common pasture, for said Richard, and heirs, to inclose
likewise " quantum sibi acciderit secundum liberum redditum suum,"
and to be free from suit of mill, to hold in feodo militari.

From the PipeRoUsit appears, that John de Nevill had lands in
Waddeswort and Stanesfield, which he held of the king, as of his
manor of Wakefield.

Abraham Sunderland, of High Sunderland, sold to Richard
Waddesworthe, of Waddesworthe, a farm in Waddesworthe, called
Sn aboyth. 24 Eliz. the sum of £40 to be paid the last day of June,
158fi, in the south part of Halifax church, upon the tomb-stone in
Dr. IJaldesworth's work there, betwene ten of the clock afore noone,
and foure of the clock at after noon of the same day. Hom' this.



TOWNSHIP OF WADSWORTH. 527

and other manors within Sowerhyahire, granted by earl Warren,
passed from the family of Thornhill to that of Savile, where it now
remains, (the present possessor being The Earl of Scarborough,)
we have shewn under Barkisland.

Within this township is a district called Crimsworth, formerly
Crimlish worth, Crimsonden, or Crimsworthden, I have had occasion
to mention it in the chapter on the British Era. Whether Mu.
Watson's hypothesis, that the place is so called from Cromlech, be
correct or not, I must leave others to determine. This is in all
probability the place (Crumbestonestun) which has been supposed
by the translator of Domesday to be Crosstone. Dr. Whitakbr is
mistaken in stating it to be within Heptonstall.

HEBDEN-BRIDGE,

Formerly a hamlet in the valley between Halifax and Todmordcn,
on the bank of the Calder and Hepton. It has now become a popu-
lous manufacturing village. The Rochdale canal, which passes
through it, enables it to carry on a considerable trade with the
manufacturing towns of Lancashire.

MAYROID,

Belonging to the family of Cockcroft. The following will shew
that the family was of someaccount two centuries ago. " 1 630, Henry
Cockcrofte, of Mayroides, in the county of Yorke, gent, paid the
somme of fifteene pounds. And it is discharge of a composicon by
him made with myselfe and others, his Ma*^- Comissioners for com-
pounding the fynes and forfetures for not attending and receaveing
the order of Knighthood at his Ma'^- Corenacon, according to the
lawe in that case provided."

The name was originally Cowcrofte, and is so written in a gen-
eral livery, under value granted to the heirs of William Cowcrofte,
dated 26 Elizabeth. The original at Mayroid.

OLD TOWN.

A remain of a place once more considerable. At present it con-
sists of a very few houses. As it lies just opposite to Heptonstall,
it is possible that it may have got the name of Old Town, to shew
that it was an older settlement than that. Salmon, in his Antiqui-
ties of Surrey, has remarked, p. 46, that the curiosity of the Sax-
ons was not strong enough to preserve any particulars. Tlicy called
Roman settlements by the name of Old Town, " but whether that



528 TOWNSHIP OF WADSWORTH.

was the case here, (says Watson,) I have not an opportunity to
examine, only if I recollect right, there is a plaee near it called
Green gate, and another which goes by the name of the Tower,
which I deliver as an hint to such lovers of antiquity as have leisure
and inclination to correct and enlarge these my imperfect remarks."
It is not improbable that Old Town was formerly a settlement of
this description. I have before ventured on a conjecture, (see p. 39)
" that the broken causeway over the wild moors of Heptonstall
towards Ilkley" passed in the direction of Old Town ; and to the
remarks then made I beg to refer my reader, because I there brought
forward evidence of the existence of generations, who some "two
thousand years ago" peopled our wild solitudes and moorlands. My
conviction remains the same, that the enquiry is well worthy the
attention of those who have a taste, a spirit, a feeling, and an
interest, in the antiquities of their native parish. Although the
very word "antiquities" has a dry and musty look, it cannot but
afford gratification to traverse a land covered with the memorials of
the past, and anxiously to enquire what kind of beings they were
that have left behind them such palpable proof of their existence
and power as is to be found in this extensive parish. "Far from
me, and from my friends, (exclaims Dr. Johnson,) be such frigid
philosophy as may conduct us indifferent and unmoved over any
ground which has been dignified by wisdom, bravery, or virtue.
That man is little to be envied whose patriotism would not grow
warmer among the ruins of lona."



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THE BOROUGH OF HALIFAX.



" Halifax.— From the point on the North of the Town, at which the respective bound-
aries of the several townships of HaUfax, North Owram, and Ovendcn meet, westward
alon;; the boundarj- of the township of Halifax, to the point at which the same meets the
road leading from a house called Shay to Bank Top ; thence along the said Road from
Shay to Bank Top to the point at which the same meets the road leadin;; from South
Owram to North Owram ; thence along the said road from South Owram to North Owram
to God Lane Bridge ; thence in a straight line to the South Eastern comer of New Town,
on the Bradford road ; thence in a straight line to the point first described."

Boundary Act. 2nd Will. IV. c. 45:



The important changes that have from time to time taken place
in our social institutions, whether arising from a love of novelty, or
considered as the revolutions of human society, having in general
been designated as the commencement of a new Era, might have
justified the adoption of a different title from that which distinguishes
this chapter, and permitted me to say something on that never-fail-
ing topic : — "Parliamentary Reform;" but feeling that it is a
subject for political speculation rather within the province of the
general, than the local historian, I have spared my reader the pain of
forcing upon his exhausted attention for "a thousandth time, "an argu-
ment, either on the policy of the measure, or the merits of the
enactment considered as one of modern legislative wisdom ; because
these are questions on which not only the ablest statesmen, and the
profoundest lawyers differ ; but upon which public opinion itself
is also much divided.

Viewed in the light of an important constitutional measure framed
for the avowed purpose of conferring upon the people one of the
most invaluable privileges which they can possess, it was not to be
expected that it should come from the birth perfect in all its parts ;
the work of any present legislature is at the best but a provision of
political expediency, which presuming speculators will often ques-



530 THE BOROUGH OF HALIFAX.

tion and sometimes forcibly assail. Having become part of the law
of the land, it is of the first importance to the well-being and hap-
piness of society that all conflicting opinions as to the principle of
the measure should be beneficially merged in a desire to see it well
and effectually administered. To secure to the people the ad-
vantages the Reform Act was intended to produce, to adapt it to
their feelings, and even to their prejudices, must be the slow result
of experience and gradual amelioration, founded upon - the union of
all classes, without distinction of party, in the reverence of esta-
blished law as a sacred work of ancient institution, and not as" the
previous decree of any conceited economist or daring innovator.
Time, which has discovered in it many imperfections, will doubtless
bring to light many more : time, assisted by experience and " Re-
vising Barristers," will lead to its remedies, give facility to its mo-
tions, and ultimately (it is to be hoped) remove the obstructions
which must inevitably occur in the working of a machine so com-
plicated, (■'

Taking this impartial, and I trust rational view of the subject,
it cannot but be a matter of regret to every reflecting mind, that
while the most zealous advocates of Parliamentary Reform have
decreed the principle of the measure to be set at rest by this act ;
and those who were its most strenuous opponents are content to
abide by it as final, there are yet others who still find something ■
wanting to their happiness, and by perpetual agitation seek to .
find that remedy for supposed grievances, which, were it in
the power of the legislature to grant, it would neither be its duty
to concede, nor its policy to aff'ord — a faction to be found in all free
governments, who, when sedition and confusion have silenced law,
and confounded property, and when chance has begun to predominate,
are ever ready to improve the lucky moment, and hope to gain in a
day what no length of labour would have procured them without
the concurrence of casual advantage.

The act "To amend the representation of the people in England
and Wales," received the Royal assent on the 7th day of June,
1832, and conferred upon the town of Halifax and certain parts ad-
joining, containing a population of above 20,000 souls, the important
privilege of returning two representatives to the House of Commons ;
a privilege the inhabitants had not enjoyed since the time of Crom-
well's usurpation.



THE BOROUGH OF HALIFAX. 531

The excitement that had prevailed throughout the country du-
ring the passage of the bill did not subside when it received the
royal assent. A determination to render it subservient to the
purposes of party appeared to characterize the conduct of those who
had been most zealous in its favour ; and a strong feeling manifested
itself on the part of the new constituencies to return to the reformed
house, "out of gratitude for the bUl" either those members of the
then existing Parliament who had voted for it, or such popular
candidates for the public suffrage as had advocated the measure.

I am compelled to describe the political parties inHalifax,at this pe-
riod, by the simple but sufficiently distinctive terms of Tories, Whigs,
and Radicals, as the only way left me of characterizing their
divisions. The Tories and the Whigs formed the two principal
parties, and comprised the wealth, respectability, and influence of
the borough ; the former included the high church party, the latter
the great majority of the dissenters. The influence of the Radicals
was concentrated in their Political Union, at this time in full oper-
ation, and they might be considered rather as a faction than a party,
although they were gradually gaining numerical strength from the
ranks of the Whigs.

The Tories of Halifax had opposed the Reform Bill in many of its
details, nor could they have done otherwise consistently with those
high and patriotic principles that alike distinguish the legitimate
Tory and the old constitutional Whig : they did not dispute the
necessity of a consistent and efficient reform : preserving in its in-
tegrity the spirit of the British Constitution, they were ever ready
to adapt that spirit to the temper of the times in the reform of our
institutions, but as a means only of adding to their maintenance and
stability by preserving them from the rust of time and the canker of
corruption. The Whigs had openly avowed their intention of returning
two representatives who supported what are termed in the cant
phrase of the day "liberal principles," and such a proceeding was
looked upon by their opponents with feelings of the most guarded
jealousy*; the Tories considered the political character of the borough
involved in the principle contended for, they felt bound to uphold
their flag with honor, in fact, it became necessary for them to take
a defensive position. In the month of June, 1 832, a meeting of
individuals professing Tory principles was convened by circular, and



532 THE BOROUGH OF HALIFAX.

a resolution unanimously passed to form a permanent association,
denominated " The Halifax Constitutional Election Committee ;" the
avowed object of which should be (and that only) "not only at that
eventful period, but from time to time thereafter, to promote the
return of one representative of the borough in Parliament, who was



Online LibraryEng. (Lancashire). Parish BuryThe registers of the parish church of Bury in the County of Lancasrter. Christenings, burials, & weddings (Volume 2) → online text (page 48 of 52)