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(e) Coins.

G. Macdonald, Coin Types. Their Origin and Development. (Maclehose.
Glasgow. IOJ 1 .)

Interesting and readable lectures.
G. F. Hill, Historical Greek Coins. (Constable. Out of print.)

There are also two admirable little introductions to the study of coins :
G. Macdonald, The Evolution of Coinage. Cambridge Primers. (Cam-
bridge University Press. 2J.)

G. F". Hill, Coins and Medals. Helps for Students of History. (Society
for Promoting Christian Knowledge, is. 6d.)


B.V. Head, Coins of the Ancients. (British Museum. 25^.) Illustrated

with 70 plates.

Larger and more expensive books than those contained in this
section on Art and Archaeology will be found in many libraries.


J. P. Mahaffy, Social Life in Greece from Homer to Menander. (Mac-

millan. 9^.)
K. J. Freeman, Schools of Hellas. An Essay on the Practice and Theory

of Ancient Greek Education, 600 to JOO B. c. (Macmillan. and

edn. 5^.)
John W. H. Walden, The Universities of Ancient Greece. (Routledge.

James Drever, Greek Education : its Practice and Principles. (Cambridge

University Press. 3^.)
E. N. Gardiner, Greek Athletic Sports and Festivals. (Macmillan.

I2J. 6d.}

At present this book is out of print.

C. E. Robinson, The Days of Alkibiades. (Arnold. 5r.)
James Donaldson, Woman, her Position and Influence in Ancient Greece

and Rome, and among the early Christians. (Longmans. [1907.]

5-r.) is unfortunately out of print.

The British Museum Guide to the Exhibition illustrating Greek and
Roman Life (2s. 6d.) is a mine of information.




THERE are many who, though they have insufficient
knowledge of the Latin tongue, would yet gladly learn
something of the history, culture, life, and thought of a
people that laid the foundations of modern civilization. For
Rome was not merely a great commonwealth, whose history
was full of grandeur and even of romance, but exercised and
still exercises, through her language and her laws, her
methods of administration and her general culture, an
influence which it would be hard to overestimate. She had
the field to herself during the ages when Greek was lost to
the western world, and, though not a little of her contribu-
tion to civilization was due ultimately to Greece, Hellenic
influence was for centuries indirect, while that of Rome was
continuous and direct. For those who cannot read Latin
there is still open a wide field of self-education in connexion
with the history, cultural and political, of ancient Rome, and
it is the aim of this pamphlet to suggest the lines on which
such study may be most easily and profitably pursued.
One warning is necessary. In the period during which
Roman literature flourished, Rome produced a great body
of writings which were destined profoundly to influence
posterity, and among her authors are a limited, but not
negligible, number who are without question of the first
rank. But it is hard for those to whom the originals are


inaccessible to form any just idea of the greatness of this
literature. The reason is simple ; there are very few trans-
lations which do justice to the originals. If, then, the list of
translations included in this bibliography is but small, and
if among them there be a considerable proportion to which
it is possible only to accord qualified praise, it must not
be assumed that Latin literature is to blame. It is, however,
to history in its widest sense that the student must in the
main turn his attention. If he approach the subject in the
right spirit, he should reap a worthy harvest.

The aim of the list of books which follows is to indicate
to such students the most important and accessible works
which deal in English with the many diverse aspects of
Roman civilization. Highly technical and specialized works
have as a rule been excluded, while considerations of price
have also had considerable influence upon the selection.
The number of books mentioned may seem alarming. The list
is intended to give a wide field of choice, while the comments
on the individual works are designed to give some guidance.
But for those who feel the need for more detailed and
restricted indications there are appended suggestions for
a short course of reading from which the student may gather
a good general understanding of Rome, her life and her
work, and lay a firm basis for further study should he desire
to pursue it in greater detail.



See the Introductory Remarks on p. 5.

I. Books of Reference, &c. ...... 20

II. Literature. General Special Translations: (i) Poets;

(ii) Prose Authors . . . . . . .20

III. History. Special Subjects : (i) Roman Britain; (ii) The

Roman and British Empires ; (iii) Christianity . -23

IV. Geography. See p. 15 supra.

V. Religion and Philosophy . . . . . -27

VI. Art and Archaeology . . . ' . .28

VII. Social Life . . . . . . . .28

VIII. A suggested Short Course of Reading on Roman Civiliza-
tion ......... 29

For List of the principal series of translations see p. 7.


Every student of Roman history should possess a good atlas ; the
best atlas is undoubtedly Murray s Small Classical Atlas edited by
G. B. Grundy (Murray. 9^.). Amongst general books of reference
for the student of Roman civilization the most useful are the Companion
to Roman Studies edited by Sandys (Cambridge University Press, 3 5 j.)
and the Companion to Roman History by H. Stuart Jones (Oxford
University Press. 17^. 6*/,)

Students will also find many excellent articles in the Encyclopaedia
Britannica, nth edn.



J. W. Mackail, Latin Literature. (Murray. 5-r.)

A brilliant sketch of the whole subject.

J. Wight Duff, A Literary History of the Roman People. (Fisher
Unwin. 2 is.)

A good and more detailed account down to the close of the
Augustan period.

Dora Pym, Readings from the Literature of Ancient Rome in English
translations, (Harrap. $s.)

Literature 2 1


T. R. Glover, Virgil. 2nd edn. (Methuen. los. 6d.)

An interesting criticism and exposition.
J. F. d'Alton, Horace and his Age. (Longmans. 6s.)

A good account of the literary world of the Augustan Age.


(i) Poets.


W. E. Leonard. Everyman Library. (Dent. 2s.)
Sir Robert Allison. (Humphreys. 2 is.)

Both verse translations.

W. H. Mallock, Lucretius on Life and Death. 2nd edn. (Adam
and Charles Black. 3^-. 6d.)

A fine poetic summary in the metre of Omar Khayam.

Dryden. World's Classics. (Oxford University Press. 2s.)

A translation in heroic couplets, but marred by frequent
faults of taste.

J. Rhoades, The Poems of Virgil. Worlds Classics. (Oxford
University Press. 2s.)

A skilful translation in blank verse. The Georgics extremely
good. The Aeneld very readable, keeping a good level, but
rarely rising to great heights. The version is very faithful and
is invaluable to students who know some Latin.
Fairfax Taylor, The Aeneld. Everyman Library. (Dent. 2s.)

A smooth and elegant translation in Spenserian stanzas.

Odes. Selected translations by various authors. Temple Classics.

(Dent. 2s.)

W. S. Marris (with Latin text). - (Oxford University Press.
3,. 6J.)

Of these the former is of very varying merit, but contains
some very fine translations. The latter is vigorous and keeps
a good level.
Satires and Epistles. Conington. (Bell. 2s.)

A clever and readable translation in heroic couplets.

Satires. GifFord. (Bell. 6s.) [This volume in the Bohn Library


also contains a prose translation of Juvenal and a translation of
the Satires of Persius.]

A fluent and vigorous translation, giving a good idea of the
original. Students should also compare Johnson's London and
The Vanity of Human Wishes , modernized paraphrases of Satires
3 and 10.

Miscellaneous. Fine translations of Juvenal, Lucretius, and Ovid are
also to be found in the Complete Works of Dry den.

(ii) Prose Authors.


Orations of Cicero^ reprinted from Guthries translation : edited by

Fred W. Norris. Scott Library. (Walter Scott. 2s.)
Essays and Letters. Everyman Library. (Dent. 2s.)

G. E. Jeans, The Life and Letters of Marcus Tullius Cicero. (Mac-
millan. 12s. 6d.) Translations of a selection of the Letters.
The complete correspondence of Cicero has been translated
by Shuckburgh in the Bohn Library (Bell. 4 vols. 6j. each).
George B. Gardiner, De Officiis. (Methuen. 4^.)

Gallic War : translated by Rice Holmes (Macmillan. 5^. 6d.) or

by F. P. Long (Oxford University Press. 6,r.).
Civil War : translated by F. P. Long (Oxford University Press.



Translated by W. M. Roberts, The History of Rome by Titus Livius.
Everyman Library. 4 vols. out of 5 are published. (Dent.
2s. a vol.)

Students may find it possible to consult in a Library the
admirable Elizabethan translation by Philemon Holland.

The complete works have been translated by A. J. Church and
W. J. Brodribb. 3 vols. (Macmillan.)
The Annals. IDs.
The History. *js.

Agricola and Germany and the Dialogue on Oratory. $s.
Annals. Translated in Everyman Library (Dent. 2s.) and by
G. G. Ramsay (Murray. 2 vols. 36^.).

The latter is the best translation with useful introduction and

Histories. Translated by G. G. Ramsay (Murray. l8.r.) and by
W. H. Fyfe (Oxford University Press. 2 vols. lOj-.).

Literature 2 3

Agricola, Germania, and Dialogus. Translated by W. H. Fyfe.

(Oxford University Press. 6s.)
Plmy the Younger. The Letters. Translated by J. B. Firth. Scott

Library. (Walter Scott. 2 vols. 4^.)

Apuleius. The Metamorphoses or Golden Ass. Adlington's fine
Elizabethan version is republished in the Loeb Library (Heine-
mann. IQJ.)
H. E. Butler. (Oxford University Press. 2 vols. los.)

A modern version.

The Apologia. Translated by H. E. Butler. (Oxford University
Press. 6s.)

A beautiful version of the story of Cupid and Psyche, which
is contained in the Golden Ass, will be found in W. Pater's
novel Mar'ms the Epicurean (Macmillan. 2 vols. I 5^.), which
gives a brilliant picture of intellectual life in the second century
A. D.

Ep'ictetus. Translated by P. E. Matheson (Oxford University Press.
2 vols. ICXr.); another translation in Everyman Library (Dent.

2,.). .

Marcus Aurelius.

Meditations. Translated by J. Jackson (Oxford University Press.

6,r.), or in the World's Classics (Oxford University Press. 2.T.).
G. H. Rendall, Marcus Aurelius Antoninus to Himself ; an English

Translation 'with Introductory Study on Stoicism and the Last of

the Stoics (Macmillan), is out of print.
H. D. Sedgwick, Marcus Aurelius. (Oxford University Press.

A valuable introduction.

Both Epictetus and Marcus Aurelius wrote in Greek, but
they give a noble picture of Stoicism as it influenced the noblest
thought of the Roman world.



J. L. Myres, The Dawn of History. Home University Library.
(Williams & Norgate. 2s. 6d.}

Brief, brilliant, and suggestive.
J. H. Breasted, Ancient Times. (Ginn & Co. Ss. 6tl.)

The best one-volume sketch of the general history of the ancient


W. Warde Fowler, The City State of the Greeks and Romans. (Mac-
millan. 6s.)

A sound and interesting discussion of the characteristic features
of ancient democracies.

The Legacy of Rome. Edited by Cyril Bailey. In the press. (Oxford
University Press. 192-3-)

This will be parallel with The Legacy of Greece, cf. p. 6.


W. Warde Fowler, Rome. Home University Library. (Williams &

Norgate. 2s. 6d.)

An admirable, though very brief, introduction.
Henry F. Pelham, Outlines of Roman History. (Rivington. 7r.) An

excellent and more detailed outline of the political history of Rome.

[This book, revised by Conway and Stuart Jones, may also be

read under the heading Rome in the Encyclopaedia Britannica,

nth edn.]
P. E. Matheson, The Growth of Rome. (Oxford University Press.

2S. 6d.)

An attempt to suggest some of the chief characteristics that give
its significance to the story of ancient Rome. To be read together
with a text-book of Roman history.


J. L. Myres, History of Rome. (Rivington. 7-f.)

On the whole the best of the many short histories of the Roman
Republic : it does not cover the period of the Roman Empire.
Theodor Mommsen, History of Rome. Everyman Library. (Dent.
4 vols. 2s. per vol.)

Still the one great history of the Roman Republic. The last
3 vols. will be found of special value.

Stuart Jones, The Roman Empire. Stories of the Nations. (Fisher
Unwin. *]s. 6d.)

The best brief sketch of the history of the Empire down to
A.D. 476.

Edward Gibbon, The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. Vols.
i and ii.

This should be read in J. B. Bury's edition. (Methuen. 7-r. 6d.
per vol.). There is also a reprint without the notes in the Every-
man Library. (Dent. 2s. per vol.)

Gibbon's masterpiece is still indispensable.


History 2 5

Theodor Mommsen, The Provinces of the Roman Empire. (2nd edn.
Macmillan. 2$s).

For the study of Rome's organization of her empire.
Tenney Frank, Roman Imperialism (Macmillan. 13^,) is a very stimu-
lating and suggestive study of the expansion of Rome under the

Tenney Frank, Economic History of Rome to the end of the Republic.
(Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore. [1920.] $2.50.)

There are admirable biographies of Caesar and Cicero in the Heroes
of the Nations Series (Putnam. IO.T. 6d. each) by Warde Fowler and
Strachan Davidson, and in the same series J. B. Firth has written lives
of Augustus and Constantine.

Every student should read the Roman autobiographies in Plutarch's
Lives, Everyman Library. (Dent. 3 vols. 2s. per vol.) They are
full of charm and interest.

Roman administration and government in the provinces is a peculiarly
interesting and instructive subject : a good general introduction is
provided by T. W. Arnold's Roman Provincial Administration
(Blackwell, Oxford. 6^.), and E. S. Bouchier has written a series of
monographs including

Life and Letters in Roman Africa (Blackwell. 3r. 6d.),

Spain under the Roman Empire (Blackwell. 5-r.),

Syria as a Roman Province (Blackwell. 6j.),

A Short History of Antioch (Blackwell. I2J. 6d.),
while Rice Holmes has published a learned and interesting study of
Caesar's Conquest of Gaul (Oxford University Press. 25^.)

(i) Roman Britain.

F. Haverfield, The Romani%ation of Roman Britain. (Oxford University
Press. Out of print.)

The best short study of Roman influence in Britain.
F. Haverfield (edited by George Macdonald), Roman Britain. [Pro-
fessor Haverfield's Ford Lectures enlarged and revised. In the
press. Oxford University Press. 1923.]
T. Rice Holmes, Ancient Britain. (Oxford University Press. 2$s.)

A storehouse of learning.

Thomas Codrington, Roman Roads in Britain. (Society for Promoting
Christian Knowledge, los.)


C. W. C. Oman, England before the Norman Conquest. 4th edn.
(Methuen. I2s. 6V.)

Contains a thoroughly interesting account of the Roman occupa-
tion of Britain.

J. C. Bruce, The Handbook to the Roman Wall, edited by R. Blair.
(Longmans. 2s. 6d.)

The British Museum Guide to the Antiquities of Roman Britain
(2s. 6d.) is very useful.

(ii) The Roman and British Empires.

Lord Bryce, The Roman and the British Empires. (Oxford University
Press. Ss. 6d.)

A suggestive comparison.

Lord Cromer, Ancient and Modern Imperialism. (Murray. 2s. 6d.)
An interesting discussion written by a modern statesman and
empire builder.

(iii) Christianity,

The best history of early Christianity is that of L. Duchesne
(3 vols.). Only the first two are translated into English under the
title Early History of the Christian Church. (Murray. I2s. each.)
H. M. Gwatkin's Church History to A. D. jij (2nd edn. Macmillan.

2 vols. 2U-.) is important since it throughout closely links together

the civil and religious history.
L. H. Canfield, The Early Persecutions of the Ghrlstlans-=. Columbia

University Studies in History , Economics, and Public Law. Vol.

Iv, no. 2 [1913]. $1.50.

All the authorities for the early persecutions down to the reign

of Hadrian are here translated.
B. J. Kidd, Documents Illustrative of the History of the Church (vol. i to

A.D. 313). (Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge. Js.6d.)
A valuable collection of translated texts.

Further for early Christian classics students should consult the admir-
able series of Translations of Christian Literature published by the Society
for Promoting Christian Knowledge (see the Society's catalogue) at
various prices. There is a translation of Tertullian's Apology (with
Latin text) by Alex. Souter (Cambridge University Press. 12s. 6^.),
and there are two volumes of translations from Orlgen the founder of
Christian philosophy in the Ante-Nicene Library (T. & T. Clark. 6s.
a vol.), while selections from the works of Plotlnus the founder of
Christianity's great rival faith, Neoplatonism are translated in the Bohn
Library. (Bell. 6s.)


There is no good general book on the geography of Italy ; but see for
Mediterranean geography the books quoted on p. 15.


(a) Religion.

Cyril Bailey, Roman Religion. (Constable, is. 6d.)

An account of the early native religion of Rome ; brief but

J. B. Carter, The Religious Life of indent Rome. (Constable.
l Os. 6d.)

Lectures on Roman religion down to the time of Gregory the

T. R. Glover, The Conflict of Religions under the Roman Empire.
(Methuen. IQs. 6d.)

A series of sympathetic studies.

Gilbert Murray, Four Stages of Greek Religion. (Oxford University
Press. IOJ-.)

The two last lectures admirably illustrate the influence of later
Greek thought upon philosophy and religion under the Roman

Franz Cumont, Oriental Religions In Roman Paganism. (Open Court
Publishing Co., Chicago [1911], $2.)

(b) Philosophy.

Gilbert Murray, The Stole Philosophy. (Conway Memorial Lecture.
Watts. 9^.)

Edwyn Bevan, Stoics and Sceptics. (Oxford University Press. 6s.)

Stoicism was the philosophy of the aristocratic world under the
early Empire.

Thomas Whittaker, The Neo-Platonlsts. (Cambridge University
Press. I2s. 6d.)

Neo-Platonism, the last great Pagan philosophy, was the rival
to Christianity in the third and fourth centuries. It is a difficult
subject, but some acquaintance with it is essential for the compre-
hension of the transition from Paganism to Christianity within the
Roman Empire.



H. B. Walters, The Art of the Romans. (Methuen. l6s.)

Well illustrated.
H. Stuart Jones, Architecture ', in Companion to Roman History. (Oxford

University Press, ijs. 6d)
Anderson and Spiers, The Architecture of Greece and Rome. (Batsford.)

A new edition is in preparation.

A. Mau, Pompeii, its Life and Art. (Macmillan. Out of print.)
H. Stuart Jones, Classical Rome. Grant Allen s Historical Guides.

(Grant Richards. ^s. 6d.)
G. F. Hill, Historical Roman, Coins. (Constable. IDS. 6d.)

[Many valuable books which are at present out of print can be

consulted in libraries ; among these may be mentioned :
Mrs. Strong, Roman Sculpture. (Duckworth.)
A. Hekler, Greek and Roman Portraits. (Heinemann.)

Admirable reproductions.

R. Lanciani, The Destruction of Ancient Rome. (Macmillan.)]
R. Lanciani, Ancient Rome In the Light of Recent Discoveries. (Mac-
millan, New York. 42^.)

For early Christian art the student should consult the British
Museum Guide to the early Christian and Byzantine Antiquities, (and edn.
2s. 6d.)


W. Warde Fowler, Social Life at Rome In the Age of Cicero. (Mac-
millan. 12S. 6d.)

A delightful and most instructive book.

G. Boissier, Cicero and his Friends. (English translation published by
Innes in 1897.) This charming study should if possible be read
in the original French. (Hachette, Paris, ca. 4^.)
Samuel Dill, Roman Society from Nero to Marcus Aurelius. (Macmillan.

2nd edn, iSs.)

Samuel Dill, Roman Society in the last Century of the Western Empire.
(Macmillan. New edn. 12s.)

(Full and interesting surveys of Roman society.)

A. F. Giles, Roman Civilization. (Seen through the Eye Series. Jack. $s.)
A well illustrated popular account of Roman life under the

Social Life 29

H. W. Johnston, The Private Life of the Romans. (Scott Foresman

& Co., Chicago and New York. [1903.] $1.50.)
A, S. Wilkins, Roman Education. (Cambridge University Press. 3r.)

A good summary.
John W. H. Walden, The Universities of indent Greece. (Routledge.


For the most part a description of University Life under the
Roman Empire.

The British Museum Guide to the Exhibition Illustrating Greek and
Roman Life (2s. 6d.) is a mine of information.

For the social life of the Roman Empire the student may also
consult L. Friedlander, Roman Life and Manners under the Early
Empire. 3 vols. (Routledge. Js. 6d. each. Vol. IV. Appendices
and Notes. I Os.)


J. L. Myres, The Dawn of History. Home University Library.
(Williams & Norgate. 2s. 6d.)

W. Warde Fowler, Rome. (do. 2s. 6d.)

Tenney Frank, Roman Imperialism. (Macmillan. 13^.)

Th. Mommsen, History of Rome. Vols. 3 and 4. Everyman Library.
(Dent. 2s. each vol.)

H. Stuart Jones, The Roman Empire. Stories of the Nations. (Fisher
Unwin. Js. 6d.}

W. Warde Fowler, Social Life at Rome In the Age of Cicero. (Mac-
millan. I2s. 6d.)

T. R. Glover, The Conflict of Religions In the Early Roman Empire.
(Methuen. icxr. 6d.)

J. W. Mackail, Roman Literature. (Murray. 5^.)

Particulars of the principal organizations designed to further
the study of the Classics in Great Britain. .

The HELLENIC SOCIETY has a well equipped Library and very large
collections of lantern slides, to which have recently been added special
sets of slides for lectures, accompanied in each case by a text written in
popular form by a competent authority. It publishes the premier Journal
of Classical Archaeology in England, the Journal of Hellenic Studies*
free to subscribers.

Address for particulars :
The Librarian

John Penoyre Esq., C.B.E.

19 Bloomsbury Square, W.C. I.
Entrance Fee i. is.
Subscription i. is.

The ROMAN SOCIETY shares on equal terms the Library and slide
collections named above. It publishes the leading Journal on Roman
Archaeology, the Journal of Roman Studies, free to members.

Address for particulars :

R. Gardner Esq., M.C.,

Emmanuel College,

Subscription i. is.

The CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION seeks to further classical studies both
Greek and Roman. Members receive its Proceedings free.

Address for particulars :

H. Ormerod Esq., M.C.,
The University,

Subscription $s.

1 /. All these bodies hold meetings for their members either quarterly
or as announced.

The Legacy of

Essays: The Value of Greece to the Future of the World,
by GILBERT MURRAY; Religion, by W. R. INGE; Philo-
sophy, by JOHN BURNET ; Mathematics and Astronomy,
by Sir T. L. HEATH; Natural Science, by D'ARCY W.
THOMPSON ; Biology, by CHARLES SINGER ; Medicine, by
History, by ARNOLD TOYNBEE ; Political Thought, by
A. E. ZIMMERN; The Lamps of Greek Art, by PERCY

Edited by


Croivn 8vo, pp. #11 + 424, with 36 illustrations
Cloth gilt. 75. 6d. net





THE GREEK GENIUS and its Meaning to Us.

By R. W. LIVINGSTONE. Second edition, 1915. 8vo, pp. 250.
73. 6d. net.


Economics in Fifth-Century Athens. By ALFRED E. ZIMMERN.
Third edition, 1922. 8vo, pp. 462, with 3 maps. i6s. net.


Studies based on a course of lectures delivered at Columbia
University, by GILBERT MURRAY. 1912. 8vo, pp. 224. Columbia
University Press. IDS. net.


THOMSON. 1914. 8vo, pp. xii + 250. 73. 6d. net.


CLASSICS. Studies collected by G. S. GORDON. Tragedy,
by GILBERT MURRAY. Platonism, by J. A. STEWART. Theo-
phrastus, by G. S. GORDON. Greek Romances, by J. S. PHILLIMORE.
Ciceronianism, by A. G. CLARK. Virgil, by H. W. GARROD. Ovid,
by S. G. OWEN. Satura, by R. J. E. TIDDY. Senecan Tragedy,
by A. D. GODLEY. 1912. 8vo, pp. 252. 75. 6d. net.


Online LibraryEngland) Society for the Promotion of Hellenic Studies (LonThe claim of antiquity, with an annotated list of books for those who know neither Latin nor Greek; → online text (page 2 of 3)