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THE JOURNAL



HELLENIC STUDIES



Till-: SOCIKTV |-()|; llli: I-KoMoI ion ol' IIKLMONIC sIL'IUKS



THE JOUllNAI



OK



HELLENIC STUDIES



VOLUME XXVIII. 1908-



KRAU5 REPRINT

Nendeln/Liechtenstein
1972



Reprinted by permission of
THE SOCIETY FOR THE PROMOTION OF HELLENIC STUDIES

KRAUS REPRINT

A Division of

KRAUS-THOMSON ORGANIZATION LIMITED

Nendeln/ Liechtenstein

1972

Printed in Germany
Lessingdruckcrei Wiesbaden



CONTENTS.



Rules of the Society

List of Officers and Member;;
Proceedings of the Society, l'J(l7-l'J0b

Financial Statement

Additions to the Library

Accessions to the Catalogue of Slides

Notice to Contributors

Heazley (J. D.)



Bkll(H. L) ..
Hunuows (K.) ...
Dawkins (R. M.)

t» >>
Dodd(C. H.) ...
Droop (J. P.) ...
DVKK (L.)

KvELYN-WuiTK (H. G.)

(Jahdnek (E. a.)

GnuNDV (G. H.)

Hogarth (D. G.)
.Mak.shali, (F. H.)
Mknakdos (S.) ...
Miller (W.)
Milne (J. G.) ...
1'etrie (VV. I\L Flinders)

S.MITH (C.)



Three New V:vses in the Ashmolean Museum

(Plates XXX.-XXXir.) 313

The Aphrodito Papyri 97

Pylos and Sphacteria 148

Archaeology in Greece — a Correction 153

Archaeology in Greece, 1907-1908 311>

The Samians at Zancle-Messana (Plate XXVI.) 56

Two Cyrenaic Kylikes 175
Tlie Olympian Theatron and the Hattle of

Olympia 250

Tlie Throne of Zeus at Olympia 49

A Statue from an Attic Tomb (Plates XX VIL-

XXIX.) \:\6

The Population and Policy of Sparta in the

Fifth Century 77

The A I chaic Artemisia 338

AGraeco-Roman IJronze Lamp(Plate XXXIIl.) 274

Where did Aphrodite find the I'.ody of A-lonis f 133

The Marquisate of Boudonitza 234

Relics of Graeco-Egyptian Schools 121

The Structure of Herodotus, Book II. ... . , 275
Recent Additions to the Parthenon Sculptures

(Plate XXV.) Jfi



PAOK

xiii
xix
xlv

li.x

1.x iv

xxviii

\c



CONTENTS.



Strong (Mrs. S. A.)

StUDNK ZKA (F.)

Tarn(W. W.)

Underhill (G. E.)

Van Buren (A. W.)

Wage (A. J. B.)

Woodward (A. M.)

Notices of Books

Index of Subjects

Greek Index

List of Books Noticed



Antiques in the Collection of Sir Frederick
Cook, Bart. (Plates I.-XXIV.)

Lost Fragments of the Iphigeneia Group at

Copenhagen

The Fleet of Xerxes

Theopompus (or Cratippus), Hellenica

Inscriptions from Asia Minor, Cyprus, and the
Cyrenaica

Topography of Pelion and Magnesia — Addenda

Some Unpublished Attic Inscriptions

154,



1

150
202

277

180
337
291
339
349
355
356



CONIKNTS



ijsT or PL.\ri:s.

1. Cook (Jollect ion : Archuic lleiitl. Pheidian Atliunu.

II. „ „ Maiuad. Stele of Timarelc.

III. „ ,, Statue of Apollo.

IV. „ „ „ „ (Lead).

V. „ „ Statue of Herakles. Statuettt- of Zeus.

VI. „ „ Torso of Satyr. Male 'i'orso.

VII.. VIII. ,, „ Venus Mazarin.

l.\. ,, ,, Dionysos and Seilenus. Torso of .Vplirodit*.

Aphrodite and Dolphin.

X. „ „ Aphrodite Washinj: lier Foot. Crouching Aphro-

dite. Aphrodite Tying her Sandal.

XI. „ „ Roman Lady as Hygieia. Draped Female Torso.

XII. „ „ Stelai of Phila, of Epiktesi.s, and of Archipinss.

XIII. „ ,, Stele from Sicily. Nymph holding Shell.

XIV. „ „ Statuette of Senecio. Boy with Go )se. Boy

with Box.

XV. „ ,, Erotes at Play. Seilenos supported by Sj\tyr.

XVI. „ ,, Dionysiac Relief.

XVII. „ „ Marble Vase with Frieze.

XVI II. „ , Roman Portrait Busts.

XIX. ,, ,, Sarcophagus Fragment. Sarcophagus in Athens.

XX. „ ., Sarcophagi with Hunt of Calydonian Boar and

Battle of Greeks and Amazons.

XXI. ,, ., Sarcophagi.

XXII. „ ,, Eros and Pan Vintaging.

XXIII. „ „ Two Inscribed Stelai.

XXIV. Head of a Girl (Collection of ^Ir. C. Newton-Robinson).
XXV. Recent Additions to the Parthenon Sculptures.



CONTENTS.

XXN'l. Coins of llhegium :iii<l Zaricle-Messana.

XXVU.-XXIX. Statue of ^rourning Woman from Trenthaui.

XXX. B.-F. Pelike in tlie A.shniolean Museum.

XXXI. K.-K. Kratei-

XXXI i. R.-F. Bell-Kn.tei ,.

XXXIII. Graeco-Romaii Lamp in the Collection of Mr.
T. Whitcombe Greene.



(TONTKN'IS.



LIST OV IIJJ'STIJA riONS IN TIIK TEXT.



Antiques in the Collection of Sir Frederick Cook, Bart.



1.

A.
2

3.
B.

4.

5.
6.
7.
H.
'J,

11.

12.

13.

14.

15.

16.

17.

IK.

lit.

19a

20.

21.

21a

22.

23.

24.



Archaistic Kernale Heiul on h roiiiliyry Uu.st of Sanijiis

Female Head from Epho.scs (Vienna)

Double Terminal Bust of Dionysus and Alexander or Hermes

Draped Female Fi^MUf from an A^ia Minor Stele

Cliild with (xoo.se (Vienna) ...

Boy with Urn

Augustan Pilaster

Roman Boy (Antonine Period)

Imago Clipeata (Period of Caracallus)

Nereids riding on Se.i -panthers

10. Erotes—Fra^-ments from a Sarcophagus

Head of Athlete (Archaic Style)

Male Torso

1 )raped Torso

Fragment of a ilelief — imitation Attic

Seated Man

Shrine of Kybele

Torso of an Ana/Hiuoinent ..

Hermes and Nymph

Hermes Propylaios of Alcamenes (!)

. Archaistic Bust of Diony.sus

Double Bust of Dionysus an I .\riadne

Head of a Roman (virt

. Tragic Mask. Misk of Soilenos

Dancing Satyr on reverse of Mask of Seileiio-.

Roman Ash Ohe^t, with Forged Inscripti'in

Heracles and Hydra (IVrracottH relief )





3




5


s


13




ly




20




22




lb




3




3









. 31




33




34




35




30




37




37




37




38




.'.S


.{8


. .. 3!)


3


3'J


40


41




43



The Throne of Zeus at Olynipia.



1. Coin of Klis (F''lorence)

2, 3. Coins of Klis (lierlin)



49
51



CONTENTS.



A Statue from an Attic Tomb.



1. Bust from Kheiieia

2. The ' Matron of Herculaiieuti..' ..



139
141



Lost Fragments of the Iphig-eneia Group.

Fragments, from a photograph taki'u in IHSG

Two Cyrenaic Kylikes.

Irt. Kylix in the Fitzwilli.ini 31useuui

16. ,, ,, NatioDitl Museum, Alliens

2a, 26. Decoration of Kylikes

3. Interior of kylix in Nat. Mus., Athens

4. Foot-forms of kylikes



152



175
176
177
178
179



Inscriptions from Asia Minor, etc.

1, Altar at Makri

2, Inscribed block at Side

3, Inscribed Fragments in American School at Home



181
193
195



Tlie Marquisate of Boudonitza.

1. Boudonitza: the Castle from tlie West

2. „ „ ,, F.i.st

3. ,, the Keep iind the Hellenic Gateway ...

4. „ the Hellenic Gateway



235
245

246



AN'ri(,)rHS IN TflK COl.LKi "IION OK Sill KKKDKKKK COoK

BAKT., AT i)<)r(;iri'\ iiorsK. hiciimond.

[I'l.ATKS I. - XXI \'. I

Thk iiKiiHiiiuiital work ot I'rufessor Michadis, Ancient Mitrhlen iu Great
Britain, must always remain the basis ot'any study ainon^f Kn^Hish collections
of antiques. IJut since its publication in 1H82 not a tew collections lia\«'
changed hands, others have been dispersed, while otheis, more t'urtunate,
have been enlarged; in these various processes much that was unkn()wn even
to Michaelis has conte to light, and he himself soon su])plemented his great
work by two important pa])ers piinied in this .lournaj in I'S'S4 and 1.SH5. lie
prefaced the first of these supjilcmeiitaiy pajiers with tlie Injl.iwing words:

' I cannot help lliinkini; thai there iiuist he in (Jreat Britain a j^ooil ih-al of hiihlen
treasure . . . whicli would ])erhap3 easier come to lij^ht if theri; were a place expressly
destined to receive such communications ... I have tlieiefore ventured to i)ropo8e to the
Editors to open in this Journal a corner for storing up such supplements ... As a first
instalment, I here otfer some notes whiih may l)ej^in the series . . . May other lovers .md
students ol the Classic art, especially in (Jreat I'ritain, follow my example.'

Curiously enough, save foi- a tew jiapers which have appeared at long
and irregidar intervals,' this wish of the great Strassburg Professor h;i.s
remained nrduifiiied. It still remains a national reproach that our English



' Till' t'cilldwing is a list ol' ihesc papers.
Journal of Hcllcnir Sltuh'cs : Vul. V. Snpp. I.
r.HHiiii Hall and Aiiti<iuarian Kemiiins in the Mn-
scuiimt Ediiiliurgh. — Vol. VI. A. Mn iiakms.
Anciont Marl)le.s in (Jreat llritain. Siipp. II.
(1) llaniilfon I'ahwu' ; (2) Ililiinf^don C'onit,
Miildlesex ; (3) Castle Howard, Yorksliirc :
(4) Inre Hlundell Hall : (;'<) H. Atkin.son, Lon
don ; (6) Sundonie Castle ; (7) West I'ark.
Hants; (8) The Corinthian I'uleal.— Vol. VII.
C. WAi.nsTKiN. Collection <>i Sir Charles
Nichi>lson, The (inuiqc, 't'otteridgc, Herts.
— Vol. XI. E. L. HicK.s. Museum 1(1 the Leeds
rhilosophical Society. (Chielly inscriptions.)
—Vol. XIV. E. SKM.ri:s. Creek Head in the
ro.ssc.<!sion of T. Hum].hry Ward. (I'late V.)
— Vol. XVIII. E. A. OAunM-.K. Head in th.'
IVssession of Philip Nelson, M.B. i IMate Xl.^

tr S. — VOL. XXVIIi.



— Vol. XIX. v.. A. Cakonki:. Head from the
l>isiiey Collection in the 1'os.sos.sion of I'hilip
X.ls..n, M.B. (Fhitel.)-VoL XX. C. K..r.KKr.
Roman Sarcophagi at'Clieveden. (Plates VII.
.XII.) - Vol. XXI. A. Krriw.vNta.Ki:. Ancient
Siid)>tnres at Chatsworth House. — \'ol. XXIII.
Mks. S. Airriirn Sthono. Thveo Scnljitincd
Stelai in the Posse.ssinu of Lord Newton at
Lyme Park. (Plates XL, XIL)-Vol. XXV.
(1905), p. If)?. K. Mcl)oWAl.r. (Mrs. Esdaile).
Hronze Statuette in the writer's Po.s.se.ssion.

— Vol. XXVI. Mits. S. AuTiiun Stkon<;.
Statue of a Roy Loaning on a Pillar in the
Nelson Collection. (Since gone to Munich.)
(Plates I. XI.)— Vol. XXVII. J.SrRZYC.oWSKI.
A S.Tieophagus of the Siilaniara Tvpi' in the
C.".k Collection. (Plates V., Xll.t



B



2 MRS. S. A. STRONG

collections have till recently been explored almost wholly by foreign schulars.
After Michaelis came Professor Furtwjingler, who, in his Masterpieces of
(irech Sculpture, made known works in private collections which have since
become famous, such as the Petworth Athlete, the Landsowne Heracles, and
the Leconfield Aphrodite, that great original attributed to Praxiteles
himself, not to speak of a number of statues and busts of less importance.
Other results of Furtwangler's researches among English private col-
lections are given in the first part of his great work on copies, Statuen-
copien im AUerthnm, which, unfortunately for science, remains unfinished,
and also in the paper which he wTote upon the antiques at Chatsworth
{J.H.S. 1900).

These surveys of the English collections bore fruit in 1903, in the
Exhibition of Greek Art organized by the Burlington Fine Arts Club. This
event was a welcome sign of a reawakening interest on the part of the
English themselves — owners and public alike — in the treasures of antique
art in the country. Since then, at any rate, a more intelligent care has been
bestowed on antiques, which are now once more valued almost as highly as
pictures. When Professor Michaelis revisits the scene of his earlier labours
he will find matters much improved. The names of owners are by no
means yet ' inscribed in letters of gold on the roll of donors to the British
Museum,' but better still has been done. In many places trained curators
are in charge of the collections, in place of the housekeepers at whose hands
Professor Michaelis suffered so much, and the antiques are being rearranged,
catalogued,- and made more generally accessible to both students and public,
Avithout for that being dissociated from their historic surroundings.

The large Catalogue issued at the close of the 1903 Exhibition had
marked a new departure, in that every single object described was also
illustrated. The time has now come to apply the same principle to indi-
vidual collections and to issue catalogues in which a complete series of
illustrations, based on photographs, shall be given! The present paper on
the well-known Cook collection at Richmond which was so largely repre-
.sented in the Exhibition of 1903 is an attempt to show how this might be
carried out under the auspices of the Hellenic Society. Sir Frederick
Cook, in con.senting to the publication of his antiques in this Journal,,
generously undertook to help the Society by defraying the photographic
expenses and by contributing towards the cost of the numerous plates.
It is my belief that many, if not all, owners of collections might be
willing thus to follow Sir Frederick's lead and to meet the Society half-
way in the proposed scheme for issuing at frequent intervals illustrated
monographs similar in character to the present. I may add that a set
«jf the photographs upon which the illustrations are based will in due course
be accessible at the Library of the Hellenic Society. It is hoped that in
this manner illustrated monographs such as are now proposed might fulfil a

■^ Ml-. Arthur Smith's catalogues of the collections at Lansdownc House, Woburn Ahbey.
and Brocklesby, are cases in jtoint.





I'l'.. 1. — All' IIAl.sTH KkM \1,K IIk.AD OS A rulil'llYKY

MrsT OK Smiaims. (S)



li'.. 7. — Imai;o C'lipkaia. v31»/
)'i-riod of" Canioallii*.





I'l':. -21. — IIeai" oi A <;ilii. (6_'



Ki' . li — K.iMAN Boy. (38)
Antoiiiiio IV-riod.

» 2



4 MRS. S. A. STRONG

double object, — as scientihc contributions to the Jminud of Hellenic I'^tifdics,
and as illustrated registei-s of i^hotographs, somewhat on the plan of the
Kinzelaufnahmen so ably edited by Dr. Paul Arndt. Such catalogue.^,
moreover, can also become of the utmost value for that State registration of
works of art in private collections which has lately been so persistently
advocated. It has been suggested before that a well-established Society like
the Hellenic should take the first steps towards securing registration of works
of antique art in private hands.

The collection of pictures gathered together at Dought}- House,
Richmond, is justly esteemed one of the finest and most important in
England. Where so many original masterpieces of the Renaissance and
modern times must claim the first interest the antiques .scattered about
among them have in great me;vsure been overlooked by any but professional
archaeologists. Yet these antiques form a group of considerable interest.
' The Richmond collection,' wntes Michaelis, ' was formed from purchases in
Italy, France and England, partly from old collectitms and at sales, partly
from the results of the latest excavations, so that the cabinet, though not
large-, is various.' {Ancient Marhles, Preface, p. 177.)

The collection is certainly representative, its works ranging from the
eai'ly fifth centur}' n.c. to Roman portraits and sarcophagi of the third
Century A.l)., yet its mani strength may be said to reside in the numerous
and well-preserved examples of Hellenistic works and works from Asia Minor.
Foremost among these are the stelai of Archippos, Phila, and Epiktesis (Nos.
21-28) and the great Graeco-Syrian sarcophagus — perhaps the most impoitant
of all the antiques at Richmond — published in the last volume of this
Jonrnal by Professor Strzygowski,-* who took it as starting point for new
researches into the origin and character of late Graeco- Asiatic art.

The history of the collection and of its acquisition by Sir Francis Cook,
first baroni't and father of the present owner, has been fully told by Michaelis,
who has also given a very complete; account of each work of art previous to
its coming into the Richmond collection. On all these points, therefore, I
shall limit myself to the briefest indications and refer to the abundant
documentary evidence collected by Michaelis.

A few works of art are now described which were not at Richmond whcm
the Ancient Marbles was compiled. The most remarkable of these is doubt-
less the Apollo (No. 5), considered ])y Furtwangler to be a copy of an
original by Euphranor, while Dr. Waldstein, guided mainly by the beauty of
the head, actually thought it an original by Praxiteles.

The objects noted by Michaelis as being at Cintra in Portugal, when^
Sir Frederick Cook is Viscomte de Monserrat, remain there. They were
catalogued by Dr. W. Gurlitt in the Archacologischc Zcitiuuj, 18(j8, pp. 84- ff.
The beautiful collection of bmnzes (Michaelis, Richmond, Nos. 19-89),
together with the gems, passed at the death of Sir Francis to his second son,



» 'A Sarcophagus of tlic Si<laiiiiira Tvi"- in llu Ci'llicticii of Sir Fjrilcrick Cook at IJicliiiiond,'
J.H.S. 1907, \\ 99.



'INK COOK coi.u:! rioN 5

the liitr Ml. \\ yiHlhiiiii C'oi)k,aii<l aif iiou the piupii t v <>lMr>. \\ \ mlliaiii
(look of" S, Cadogiin Scjuarc These broii/cs and gfins which figured largel\ in
th«' Hiirlingtoii Fine Arts ( 'hih K.xhihil loii uf 1!)();V are tinw heing catalomied
hy Mr. Cecil H. Smith.

I have attempted Id make the catalogue mure instnicti\e .nul inter-
esting by grouping the objects int<» periods. In a final section I have placed
objects who.se j)recise (late nr artistic provenance is difficult to disc<»ver.

My thanks on behalf of the Society aie due to Sir I'Vederjck Cook for
the liberal support alieady alluded to. T ha\e, tnono\fr, received a.ssistance
in special points from Mrs. Esdaile, Mr. A. H. Smith, ])r. Amelung,
Di-. Robert, and above all, from l*rofess<»r Michaelis, who, with a kindness that
has deeply touched me, has read the proofs of this article and generously
given me the advantage of his immense e.xperience and .special kmjwledge.
That he should have undertaken this labour, when he is not yet completely
restored to health, is a welcome sign of his unHagging interest in the English
collections.

I only regret that I have; not done bitd r justice to many of Professor
Michaelis's suggestions. Hut this article, begun in 11)03 and then laid aside
for four years, has had to be hurrii'dly finished, that not too long an interval
shoidd divide it from Professor Strzygowski s paper on the (Jraeco-Syrian
Saivophagus in this same collection.



§ 1. — Arc/i'ilr. First Jf<<//' </ Fifl/t Cealnrii ll.C.

1 ( = Michaelis 53). Female Head. Anti<|ue replica <if a Pejopou-
n«sian work of about 480 4(j() u.r. { I'late 1.)

Total he iff lU : 24 cm. L'utjt/, ,ii' tare : IS iin. Ji-s('))-of : nose, nimitli, ami
iliiii ; the inoilrrn luist lias lately luen riiinjvr.l. JU-plici'<: I,aiis«lo\vnc House, Mich.




Fio. A.



53 = /?./■'. i4.C. Cat. Ni). 11 p. 12; Vati. an .Miis. C'hianinionti xv, 363 = Amcluiig Vat.
I'at. i. i>. 549 ; Vienun (from Eiihesiis, svv von Solinci<ler, Ausatfllumj von Fnudstiicken



6 MK8. 8. A. STRONG

(111,1 EpJicsos, 1902, [.. 0, Xc>. 4 ; cf. Wacf iaJ.If.S. xxiii, l!t03, \>. 343, Fi^. 12 = heiv
Fig. A); Madrid (Koepp, Piooi MHth. 1886, p. 201); Villa All.ani (Koepp, op. cif. :
the head is on a column in the garden ; it will shoitly ajipear in Aindt's Eln~cJauf-
nahmen). Exhibited, Huilington Fine Arts Club, 1903 (see Cat. Greek Art, \k 10,
No. 7 and Plate VII.).

The hair is rolled back from the temples into a massive ball-like knot
at the nape. The long oval, the strongly marked chin and high skull are
strikingly individual. The large prominent eyes lie in one plane, as in
archaic wurks. The expression is almost sullen. This replica loses consid-
erably from the absence of the neck, which was long and well shaped (cf
especially the Ephesus example). The general character recalls works of the
Argive school such as the Ligorio bronze in Berlin (in which Furtwiingler *
recognizes an original of the school of the Argive Hagelaidas) and the
bronze head of a boy, also in Berlin (Furtwiingler, Mcisteriocrhc , Taf 32,
pp. 675 foil.). Helbig on the other hand, in discussing the Chiaramonti
replica (Filhrer, No. 86) detects an affinity with the Olympia sculptures.^
The large number of replicas shews that the original was celebrated. Other
heads closely akin in character are at Copenhagen (Arndt. Gly2'>t. dc Ky
Carlshcrg, Plates XXXI, XXXII, Fig. 29, and p. 49), in the Museo
Torlonia (Arndt, op. cit Figs. 21, 22), and in the British Museum (Cat. 1794).
Finally a statue in the Mu.seum of Candia (phot. Maraghiannis) with head
very similar to the type under discussion affords a clear notion of what the
figure was like to which the Richmond head belonged (Mariani, Ballet.
Comun. 1897, p. 183 ; cf Amelung, Museums of Rome, p. 260).



§ 2. — The Pheidinn Period.
a ( = Michaelis 50). Helmeted Head of Athena. (Plate I.)

Total heiijht: 0'43 ( ;.;. Lcngtli of face : 0"18 cm. Restored: front of the face,
including nose, mouth, chin, and nearly the whole of both eyes, and a jiiecc of hair on
the left side. The curls that fall over the neck to the front are broken, as well as the
hair that flowed over the back from under the helmet. The helmet has lost the
sphinx that formed the crest, and the griffins on either side arc broken. Literature :
B.F.A.C. Cat. p. 257, No. 61. Replicas: (1) the head of the Hope Athena at
Deepdene (Mich. Deepdene, No. 39 ; Furtwiingler, Masterpieces, pi>. 75 fT. ;
Joubin in Monuments et Mimoires, iii. 1896, PI. II, i)p. 27 tf. ; Clarac-Reinach,
227, 3) ; (2) tlic head, known only from a cast at Dres(hn, Masterpieces, Fig. 25 a,
Fig. 28.

In spite of the many restorations and mutilations and of the bad
condition of what surface remains, the head still bears witness to the
giandeur of the original type, which has justly been referred to Pheidias
by Furtwangler {lac. cit.). Michaelis overlooked the fact that this was a
replica of the head of the Athena represented by the Hoj)e statue, which differs
in sundry particulars from the similar ' Athena Farnesc,' in Naples (Clarac-
Kfinach, 226, 7 ; Maslerpirrcs, Fig. 26). The body of the griffins is sketched

* 50tli Winckelmaniisjirogramiii ' Eine Argiv- * Wace, also, was reminded by the Eplusu-,

i^i lie Bronze,' |ip. 125 fl. head of the llesperid of the Olympia metojie.



THK COOK C'OLI.KrrioN 7

ill iclu't oil thr lii'liiK-t, instead ot .standing,' out in (In- niuti«l ;ls in tlic
F.iincM- statut'. 'I'lif I yt'liils of tin- H«>|>t' ty|>«' ;irf nmrc delicate, tin- <ival nt
the tact' longer and nioic ittjtuMl. Fiirtwan^lir was pcrHiiaclcd that wliili-
the Hi»iK' ty|u- nii^ht l»e lel'eiied to I'heidias hiniselt, the FarneM- Athena
was the creation of his |iii|iil Ak-auienes. Without venturing on so hold an
attribution or so decisive a distinction, we yet feel that the ditVercnces
between the two types are not merely such as a copyist might intiiMJiice, but
are the outi-oiue of the artist's own in<li\ itjiial teelini^s.



§ \l— A/fir. The Sannd Hnlf of Fifth Century.

3 ( = Michaelis 10). Stele of Timarete. ( Plate II.)

Ueiijhl : ir82 < m. LiUraluie : Conze, (Jricchische Grabrrliefs, 882 and Taf.
CLXXlil. ; li.F.A.C. Cat. 31, luul IM. XVI. ; lor the ins-r. C.I.<ir. 700J. Marbh :
IViitelic. lireakaijes : the akioteria. The slal) itself has t)eeu l>roker» right aciOM,
just l)eh>\v till- girl's hta<i, and mended again ; llie binl '.s head and the dr«|Kry on the
lowii part of the childs liody have been rubbed and lierome ratlier indistiiK t. Fontier
owiu-r: The clieniist Dodd. E.xliibited, B.F.A.C. iu 1903.

The stele terminates in a pediment that projects somewhat beyond the
relief itself. The bottom of the stele has been lett rough for insertion into a
plinth. The beautiful design with its fine sense of space and composition
retpiires no explanation. Timarete, a girl who has died untinuly, shews a
bird to a little child crouching in front of her. The spirit and techni(pie
recall the finer Attic stelai of the period of the Parthenon frieze. In spite
of the damages noteil above, the preservation is good. As often in reliefs
of this period, the chihl is absurdly small in proportii>n to the principal
figure.

4 ( = Michaelis 11 ). Maenad with the Tympanon. (Plate II.)

Height: 054 cm. Marble: Pentelic. Breakages: the ulief, wtiioh Inlong^ to n
circular liasis, adorntd with .several aimilar Hgures, hn.s In-eii cut away close to the
figure. Ji'plicm : see Hausei, Die Aen-Attiichen lielie/s, \>. 7, f. 1 (reverw of
Amphora of Sosil)ins in the Louvre), 4 (Amelung, I'at. Cat. Mua. Chiarani. 182), 6, 8
(Madrid, see Winter, [>Oth fyinrkclmaniisprii'/Kimm), 9. Lileratme: Hiinser, ^. fi7.
p. 13, No. 12; li.F.A.C. Cnt. p. If., No. 1(5, an<l ThU.- XVI. Exhibited. li.F.A.C.
1903.

The Bacchante, who holds the tympanon in her left hand ready to strike
it with her right, is one of a well known group of types (Hauser's Type 27)
that occur repeatedly on the reliefs of the New^ Attic school. In the present
instance the pose of the head, the movement of body antl drapery, are
rendere<l with a force and distinction of line not always found in thii class of
reliefs, where the types ()f earlier Attic art were too often repeated



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