Eri B. (Eri Baker) Hulbert.

The English reformation and Puritanism, with other lectures and addresses online

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Online LibraryEri B. (Eri Baker) HulbertThe English reformation and Puritanism, with other lectures and addresses → online text (page 1 of 33)
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^'M^ PRINCETON, N. J. '^fh



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Purchased by the
Mrs. Robert Lenox Kennedy Church History Fund.

BR 755 .H8 1908
Hulbert, Eri B. 1841-1907
The English reformation and
Puritanism



THE ENGLISH REFORMATION
AND PURITANISM




Sii (/h^ M-ej-QyiXr ,



The English Reformation
and Puritanism

With Other Lectures and Addresses

t/ By

ERI B. HULBERT, D.D., LL.D.

Professor and Head of the Department of Church History and
Dean of the Divinity School of the University of Chicago

A MEMORIAL

Edited By A. R. E. WYANT, Ph.D.



CHICAGO

THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO PRESS

1908



Copyright 1907 By
The University of Chicago



Published January, 1908



Composed and Printed By

The University of Chicago Press

Chicago Illinois, U. S. A.



FOREWORD

It was the conviction of Dean Hulbert's colleagues that
it was modesty rather than lack of ability that was respon-
sible for the fact that he could never be persuaded to enter
the field of authorship and publication, save to the extent
of relatively short articles. "He loved to put his life into
men and institutions that served men rather than into
books," said Professor Burton. "Who can say that he
would have been more wise had he written more books and
helped fewer men? For, after all, books are for men, not
men for books."

Undoubtedly his throne was in the classroom. It was
not primarily from original, learned, personal historical in-
vestigation that he gained his marvelous control over the
student mind. But he studied the material furnished him
by specialists until it became a part of himself, got into his
own blood and marrow, and made him red in the face.
Then with the certainty of it thrilling his entire nervous
system he became a mighty, electrical, teaching dynamo.

Livy says there are only two valid reasons for making
a book: either the author should have something new to
tell, or he should be able to relate in a better style what was
known before. If it be doubted that Dean Hulbert made
any great original contribution to knowledge, it is certain
that he had a unique and surpassing way of putting his-
torical facts. His style was exceptionally pure, clear, and
incisive, expressing, with extreme simplicity, and yet with
great power and directness, precisely what he wished to say.
His magnetic personality, clean-cut presentation, and force-
ful delivery fastened the truth as with clinched nails, so



vi Foreword

that what he said and how he said it will never be for-
gotten by those who heard him.

Since his departure many students and friends have
urged the publication of his manuscripts. There has been
some hesitation about consenting to publish his lectures
because of his well-known aversion to this while living, and
also because much of his available material had not been
written for publication. Furthermore, a number of his
lectures were written years ago, and from time to time, as
new facts were discovered to modify or amplify previous
conceptions, notes were inserted, some of which were not
elaborated and consequently had to be omitted in preparing
the material for the press.

Dr. Hulbert's method of classroom work was the use of
an outline of his course for individual study, and the prepa-
ration of special subjects by students, while his lectures
served as a preview or gave a resume of periods that were
studied. It is not deemed expedient to reprint his syllabus
of The English Reformation and Puritanism, as it is avail-
able for those who may specially desire it.

Acknowledgment is made to his colleagues, Professors
Franklin Johnson and J. W. Moncrief for their kind assist-
ance in seeing this volume through the press, as well as for
their labor of love in teaching his classes during his illness
and finishing for him his term's courses. It is hoped by
his children that the publication of these lectures and
addresses, with a brief memoir of the author, may not only
serve as a worthy memorial of our honored teacher and
father, but that in printed form they may help to continue
his life-work.

. A. R. E. Wyant

Chicago, III,
November s, 1907



TABLE OF CONTENTS
PART ONE

BY THE EDITOR

^ PAGE

A Brief Memoir of Dean Hulbert i

II

A Memorial Tribute to His Character 13

III
Memorial Addresses 21

IV

Memorial Resolutions and Testimonials 29

PART TWO

I

Some Preparations for the English Reformation . . 39

II

Some Preparations for the English Reformation. — Con-
tinued 67

III

The Doctrinal Formularies Set Forth in the Reign of
Henry VIII 99

IV

The Protestant Complexion of Edward's Reign . . 125

V

Protestant Sufferings under "Bloody Mary" . . . 149

VI

Elizabeth and the Puritans. 1558-66 167

VII

Thomas Cartwright and English Presbyterianism . . 193

vii



viii Table of Contents

VIII

Robert Browne and English Independency . . . . 217

IX

Puritanism in the Reign of Charles I. 1636-49 . . 245

X

Puritanism under Charles II. 1660-85 267

XI

The Anglican Church and Puritanism 281

XII

The Established Church and Non-Conformity . . .313

XIII

The Education Act of 1902 341

• XIV

The Baptists of Today in Great Britain and Ireland 361

XV

The Influence of Christianity upon Education . . 383

XVI

The Place of the Home Mission Society in the Evangeli-
zation OF American Cities 405

XVII
The Baptist Outlook 433

XVIII

The Man and the Message for the Twentieth Century , 451

XIX

"Lest We Forget" — President William R. Harper . 475



PART ONE

I
A BRIEF MEMOIR OF DEAN HULBERT



A BRIEF MEMOIR OF DEAN HULBERT

It is not our purpose here to tell the story of Dean
Hulbert's life, but to give only a biographical sketch. It is
scarcely necessary to inquire concerning his heredity. It is
related concerning Matthew Henry, the celebrated English
Non-conformist divine and commentator, that as a young
man he won the heart of a young woman of quality, whose
love her father sought to discourage by saying : "Why, you
don't know where he comes from." To which she replied:
"Father, I don't know where he comes from; but I know
where he is going, and I am going with him." We all know
the direction of Dr. Hulbert's life, and we, too, want to go
with him. But, if need be, his genealogical tree will also
bear inspection. Those who have investigated his pedigree
tell us that he is descended from William Hulbert, who
came to America in 1630 and was made a freeman in Massa-
chusetts Bay Colony in 1632. His family history is traced
through WiUiam Hulbert, Jr.; Benjamin Hulbert (1703-
1760), who married Thankful Reese and was a soldier in
the French war; Ambrose Hulbert (born 1752), who was
at the battle of Bennington and afterward served through
the war; Ambrose Hulbert, Jr. (1781-1869), who married
Dorothy Baker in 1805; Eri Baker Hulbert (March 11,
1807 — June 9, 1852), father of Dean Hulbert, who married
Mary Louisa Walker (February 24, 18 10 — November 27,
1874), daughter of William W. Walker and Lucretia Ferrel
Walker, at Plainfield, N. Y., on October 20, 1831. Migrat-

3



4 A Brie] Memoir of Dean Hulbert

ing to Chicago when it was but a village, Dr. Hulbert's
father engaged in the grain business and made the first
eastern shipment of grain from Chicago, sending seven
bags of wheat to Charles Walker's mill at Burlington
Flats, N. Y.

Dr. Hulbert was a simon-pure Chicagoan. He was
born here July i6, 1841, at the old family homestead on the
location where the Masonic Temple now stands. His
father's store was across the street on the corner now
occupied by Marshall Field's great retail establishment.
The death of the father when Eri was only eleven years old
left the care of the family to the mother, who devoted the
remainder of her life to the bringing-up of her three boys,
William, Eri, and George. When thirteen years old Eri
was "baptized by A. B. Earle, at Burlington Flats, N. Y.,
in the stream, through the ice, February 26, 1854." With
the growth of the city and advance in real estate prices, un-
fortunately the down-town property was sold and the family
homestead was removed to Fortieth Street, near Cottage
Grove Avenue, then on the far outskirts. He received his
preliminary education in Chicago, and at eighteen entered
Madison University, going to Union College for his senior
year, where he received the degree of A.B. in 1863. He
contemplated for a time the study of law, but later entered
Hamilton Theological Seminary, where he graduated in
1865. The same year he received his A.M. degree from
Madison, now Colgate; and the following year a second
A.M. degree was conferred upon him by his alma mater,
Union College. In 1880 he received the degree of D.D.
from the Baptist Union Theological Seminary, and in 1898
the degree of LL.D. from Bucknell University. He was a
member of the Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity and of the
Phi Beta Kappa society. He served with the Christian



Dr. Hulhert^s Five Pastorates 5

Commission in Grant's army while before Richmond, and
was identified with this work until the close of the war.

DR. HULBERT's five PASTORATES

In a memorial address, Dr. B. A. Greene said :
His environment contributed largely to his nature and to the
manner of his growth. He was born in Chicago, the cosmopolitan
center of the great Middle West. Here the stir, venture, and "I
can" of the new country got into his blood. The winds from the vast
prairie stretch and from the great lakes played in his hair. When
the boy was ready for college, he went to Union, where discipline,
finish, and polish came to him. In the same state, at Hamilton, he
took his theological course. In this school he came under the sway
of that Yankee-shrewd, ox-hearted religious thinker. Dr. Dodge.
The West and the East had kissed each other in the make-up of this
young man now ready for a settlement.

His first pastorate was in Manchester, N. H,, 1865-68.
Returning to his native city he took charge of the work at
the Rolling Mills' Mission, continuing from 1868 to 1870.
This mission he organized into a church, and so successful
was his work that he received a call from the important
First Baptist Church of St. Paul, Minn., where he had a
delightful pastorate from 1870 to 1874. From St. Paul
he went to San Francisco, Cal., and was pastor of the First
Baptist Church there from 1874 to 1878. Thus he had
measured the width of the continent, and in education and
preliminary experience had touched the national life all the
way from the Atlantic to the Pacific. Then, as has been
said, at the age when F. W. Robertson died, he came back
to Chicago to put in twenty-nine years of solid work in his
maturity. The first four years were given to the pastorate
of the Fourth Baptist Church, from 1878 to 188 1. In his
pastoral relationships he was everywhere popular and much
beloved, many of the best people in his churches clinging to
his personal friendship until he died. He was most consci-



6 A Brie} Memoir of Dean Hulbert

entious in discharging all his duties as pastor and preacher,
and some of his sermons, prepared during his early ministry,
were afterward preached in the largest churches of the
country. He always travailed in giving birth to the children
of his brain, and in these treasured manuscripts we have the
life-blood of a master-spirit.

HIS QUARTER-CENTURY SERVICE AS A TEACHER

For fifteen years he gave himself devotedly to the regu-
lar work of the ministry. But, as Dr. Greene has well
said, "his intellectual strength, his clean-cut style, his lofty
ideals holding him in scholarly lines, and his power to teach,
made him the inevitable man when the Baptist Union Theo-
logical Seminary needed a professor of church history."
And so he became professor of church history in 1881 in
the seminary then located at Morgan Park, and filled the
position with distinguished ability. It was here that he
became intimately associated with those two great teachers.
Dr. Northrup, professor of theology and president of the
seminary, and Dr. Harper, then professor of Hebrew.
During the year 1884-85 he was acting president of the
seminary. When the University of Chicago was organized
in 1892, the Baptist Union Theological Seminary became
its divinity school, in accordance with the provision made in
the original gift from Mr. Rockefeller; and Professor
Hulbert, upon the recommendation of Dr. Northrup, be-
came dean of the divinity school and head of the depart-
ment of church history. These positions he held continuously
until his death. The curriculum of his department, as
developed under his guidance, covered an unusually wide
range of study, laying special emphasis upon the history of
the modern period. He had no small share in the formation
of the University and, as one of President Harper's warm-



His Quarter-Century Service as Teacher 7

est personal friends, his helpful intimacy and sympathetic
interest had no small influence in molding the larger life of
the University.

The highest ruling body of the University of Chicago
has expressed itself as follows :

The Senate of the University of Chicago desires to place on record
its sincere appreciation of <^he service rendered to the University by
Professor Eri Baker Hulbert, and its sense of the loss sustained by the
University and by the Senate in his death.

Coming to the University at its foundation as dean of the Divinity
School after an experience of fifteen years as a Christian pastor and
of eleven years as professor of church history in the Baptist Union
Theological Seminary at Morgan Park, Dr. Hulbert quickly adapted
himself to the new^ situation v^^hich was created by the incorporation of
that institution in the University. Although his previous educational
experience had been exclusively in the training of men for the practi-
cal w^ork of the Christian ministry and his interest in this department
of education continued unabated, he entered sympathetically and intelli-
gently into the w^ork of directing research upon the part of his own
students and of developing a school of theology which, by adding to
its task as a professional school that of investigation in all fields of
theological study, should take its place as a graduate school of the
University.

As dean of the Divinity School, as head of the Department of
Church History, as one of the editors of the American Journal of
Theology, be contributed worthily to the promotion of theological
scholarship in the Divinity School and in the country at large. So
deep, however, was his interest in every phase of university life, and in
particular in the welfare of the student body, that he was led to take
an active part in the life of the University as a whole, serving with
especial effectiveness on the University Council and- the Board of
Physical Culture and Athletics.

A clear and stimulating teacher, broad in his sympathies, quick and
keen of insight, fearless in the defense of his convictions, transparently
honest and sincere, endowed with an unfailing sense of humor and
with an indomitable courage even in the face of heavy burdens of pain
and suffering, he endeared himself to all his colleagues and has en-
riched the University by his memory.



8 A Brief Memoir of Dean Hulhert

On June ii, 1906, the twenty-fifth anniversary of Dr.
Hulbert's connection with the seminary and Divinity School
was appropriately celebrated by the alumni, and it was noted
that he was the sole survivor of the teaching staff of the
seminary of twenty-five years ago. Among his colleagues
during these years, whose departure he had lamented, were
Drs. Jensen, Boise, J. A. Smith, Sage, Simpson, Northrup,
G. S. Goodspeed, and President Harper. It is a well-known
fact that he did not serve the seminary with divided interest,
but gave it his whole and best service. However, his
activity did not cease with the limits of the theological
school, but he rendered valuable service on denominational
boards and was a teacher in the Women's Baptist Missionary
Training School from the time of its organization. His
counsel was ever in demand by students and pastors. His
pen has given many strong and trenchant contributions to
our denominational papers. He was one of the editors of
the American Journal of Theology from its foundation in
1897. During a number of the earlier years of his teaching,
on almost every Sunday he was supplying somewhere, thus
helping to keep the churches in touch with the seminary.
He never craved notoriety; in fact, to be talked about was
distasteful to him. Notwithstanding this aversion to pub-
licity, his sermons, lectures, and addresses always called
forth favorable comment whether delivered in local
churches, at state conventions, or national anniversaries.

In succeeding chapters will be found an estimate of his
character, of his power as a teacher, of his efficiency as an
executive, of his eminence as a Christian educator, and of
his influence on his generation. Though the printed page
cannot convey the charm and power of his personality, the
reading of his lectures and addresses will best help us to
realize him again.



His Family Joys and Sorrows 9

HIS FAMILY JOYS AND SORROWS

It was during his first pastorate in Chicago that he
married Miss Ethelyn E. Spencer, of Troy, Pa., on June
23, 1869, and brought his young bride to his native city.
She was a bright Httle vivacious woman, always planning
and executing a multitude of enterprises in the interest of
her husband and his work. And for him life was always
lonely without her cheery presence. Three children were
born of this happy union : Ethelyn Louise, in St. Paul ;
Clara Delia, in San Francisco, and Charles Eri, in Chicago.
His home never lacked the comforts of life, and with his
family he enjoyed many of life's luxuries, physical, intel-
lectual, aesthetic, and spiritual. He was glad to give each
of his children the enjoyment of a college education. His
family spent a year and a half on the Continent and he
crossed the Atlantic twelve times. The summer vacations
were spent in the northern lake region or in travel, and were
always enjoyed to the full. His was, indeed, a happy
home. And, moreover, he was happy in his work, with a
conviction that God had called him to his chosen field of
service.

But later the recurrent and protracted illness of his wife
became the great sorrow of his life, and the untimely death
of his daughter Clara added a weight of grief seemingly
too heavy for mortal heart to bear. In his letter for the
annual roll-call of his church, October 31, 1906, he said,
in part :

My membership with you dates back more than a quarter of a
century. Nearly all the older members in the earlier days have passed
to their reward on high. When my duties called me away from
Morgan Park I ought perhaps to have taken my letter of dismission,
but several reasons constrained me to elect otherwise. All the mem-
bers of my family were in church connection with you, and I did



lo A Brief Memoir 0} Dean Hulbert

not wish to draw apart and form a new connection by myself alone.
I indulged the hope that my household, broken and scattered, might
some time be reunited and that we could re-establish our home in
IMorgan Park. But the years have passed and the return of this annual
roll-call finds our future as uncertain as ever

I am constrained to say a word in behalf of two from whom you
will not hear on Wednesday evening. (Of Grandma and Andrew and
Louisa I need not speak, only recently have they left you.) Our
Clara after ceasing to reside in Morgan Park continued to live for
Christ in her school home in Mt. Carroll and in her church home in
Denver. To Him and His service she absolutely devoted her refined
nature and trained intellect, her consecrated will and beautiful spirit.
Her quick Christian intelligence, deep inward experience, and win-
some personality gave her access to many who could not be reached
by stereotyped modes of approach and appeal. Though tarrying here
on earth, she lived more and more in that ideal and spiritual world
into the calm and fruition of which she has now entered.

Those of you who knew Mrs. Hulbert in former days can testify
to her deep and abiding interest in everything which concerned the
welfare of the church. When the roll is called this evening, if she
were able to respond, she would assure you that she still lives in the
remembrance of those happy days when she was earnestly engaged in
Christian service, and that nothing would give her greater joy than
to resume those activities which illness compelled her to lay aside.

HIS LAST ILLNESS AND DEATH

Not only did Dr. Hulbert suffer in the distresses of
those whom he loved, but the burden of bodily affliction
at times rested heavy on himself. A few years ago, after
a radical mastoid operation following pneumonia, his life
was despaired of, but he was still brave in the face of death.
After that illness, however, he enjoyed most excellent
health, and we thought we could count on him for several
years more of service, "rich, ripe, mellow, the quintessence
of all that had gone before." He spent the summer abroad
in company with his friend Mr. Jesse A. Baldwin, and
seemed so vigorous during the autumn and early winter



His Last Illness and Death ii

that his friends were surprised to learn of his illness and
shocked when they heard of his death. He passed away
peacefully after a month's illness in the hospital, at 3 135
o'clock, on Sunday morning, February 17, 1907, in his
sixty-sixth year. His death was due to an extension of
pneumonia following an operation for gall-stones. His
case was serious from the beginning, as rupture of the
gall-bladder had already taken place. He fully realized
the gravity of his condition, and having made all prepara-
tions for death, made a long, courageous, uphill struggle for
life. Several times his physicians gave up all hope and said
he could live only a few hours, but each time he rallied.
The University daily said editorially: "Any man of ordi-
nary makeup would have gone before the end of the first
week, but Dr. Hulbert was more than ordinary. It was
alone his strength of character, his unflinching courage and
confidence that kept him alive as long as he did live." Even
the day before his death he was better than he had been for
a week, and his physician expressed hopes of his recovery.
But when the relapse came on, he said to his family gathered
about him: ''This is the article of death." And after fare-
well words, with their names on his lips, "the victorious
Hulbert" passed away peacefully and fearlessly without
even a bodily tremor. Of his family there remained his
wife and Grandma Spencer, for whose continued welfare
he was ever solicitous ; his daughter, Mrs. A. R. E. Wyant ;
his son, Charles Eri; and five grandchildren — Florence
Ethelyn Wyant, Elizabeth Wyant, Esther Louise Hulbert,
Mary Addams Hulbert, and Eri Baker Hulbert HI.

It did not remain for his many friends to put flowers on
his casket and speak kind words to the ear of death in order
to show their appreciation, but during his illness he was
cheered and sustained by the many messages of love and



12 A Brief Memoir oj Dean Hulhert

affection and hope that came pouring in upon him, such as
this upon the visiting card of a colleague : "My beloved
friend Hulbert — I dropped in just to tell you that we are
with you in your fight. Our love, our hopes, our prayers
are with you."

In later chapters may be found some of the tributes paid
to his memory. His own last published article in The
Standard was a tribute to Dr. Harper on the anniversary
of the President's death, in which he called attention to
President Harper's spirit of Christian fortitude under in-
tense bodily suffering and in the face of approaching death.
His words seem almost like a prophetic description of his
own departure: "If he was great as he stood forth in the
noonday of his power, he was greater as he passed down
into the valley of the shadow." And his concluding prayer
was all too soon realized :

We who remain have not yet been subjected to the supreme test.
When that time comes, may the final ilhiess show us working on while
strength remains, with a like constancy and steadiness, and passing
into the strange, portentous dark of eternity with a like expectancy
and assurance.

Let US who mourn his departure and cherish his memory
take inspiration from his life and be faithful in our work
here until God unites us in the better service of the world
above.



II

A MEMORIAL TRIBUTE TO HIS CHARACTER



II

A MEMORIAL TRIBUTE TO HIS CHARACTER

Dean Hulbert was a man who loved simplicity, and, in



Online LibraryEri B. (Eri Baker) HulbertThe English reformation and Puritanism, with other lectures and addresses → online text (page 1 of 33)