Christian people, employed and interested in that plan of Christian
Union ; and lastly, brotherly visits were to be paid from place to
place, by what we might call " agents of Christian Union ; " thereby
employing the powerful means of human action and speech in
carrying out the work.
Since that time, several conferences have been held in each year,
and every year a paper of some kind has been issued with the same
object. Now, Sir, we will endeavour to do something more; and,
on returning from this Conference, we will try to stir up our
Brethren in France to do more also. There is here but a handful
of Brethren from France ; but, though thus few, we belong to all
the different denominations, or the different shades of religious
opinion, in France. Therefore, small as we are in number, we
represent the Christians of France in general ; and our wish is,
when we return to France, to offer ourselves to our Brethren as a
sort of Committee, to carry out the plans which will probably be
recommended by this Conference. And, if it please God to bless
our efforts, however weak, we hope to promote this great cause ;
for I can truly say, that we have it at heart. We consider it as a
matter of duty ; because, though another Christian is a dissenter,
and I am a minister of the Established Church ; or he is a Baptist,
and I baptize children ; or he is a Methodist, and I am a Calvinist —
(though I wish my friend Dr. Bunting to know I am not a very high
Calvinist) — I should say, " My dear friend, you might make up your
mind at once to be with me ; for you must make up your mind (I
FIRST DAY EVENING SESSION. 35
trust, by the blessing of God) to spend with me your eternity"
We are told, Mr. Chairman, — and I have heard it said, even by
some good people in this city, — that we cannot succeed. Well, my
answer is, we must succeed, because we have the prayer of the
Lord Jesus Christ; — and before I am convinced that we cannot
succeed, I must be convinced, that the Son can fail when he prays
to the Father. I might say more — I should speak not in faith but
by sight, in saying that we have succeeded. I do not see what
we can have more than we have at present, if we look to the spirit
of the Meeting. We may have greater operations, and I hope we
shall. The time may come, when we shall have the united efforts
of a greater number of Brethren than we have with us at present.
And I hope the blessing of the Lord will rest upon us in all this
undertaking. But, if we look to the spirit of the thing, I say, we
have succeeded. When I hear what I have heard this day — and (I
must add) what I have heard in former days — I know we have
succeeded. Even this poor, miserable, hard heart of mine has been
more than once melted by what I have seen and heard. I have
known occasions, when, though opinions differed, the heart was
convinced, and willing to give itself away: — when, especially
under the speeches of men full of the power of God, and the
unction of the Spirit, and still more under the power of prayer, the
heart was melted and gave away all opinions as opinions, when
matters of conscience were not called in question. This may be
called weakness. Well, let it be weakness. But let me be com-
forted with the thought, that it is the weakness referred to in that
passage, in which I see the whole Gospel included, — " When I am
weak, then am I strong." But whilst I cherish this sentiment,
and fondly deliver myself up to these hopes, I would not forget to
repeat, what has been so eloquently said, that our trust and our
whole expectation must be in humility ; not only because humility
is the ground on which every Christian virtue and grace will grow,
but because humility is most especially connected with love. Let
us remember, that we shall not always sail in high waters, as we do
now : let us be prepared for low waters, let us look up to the Lord,
and remember our own infirmities, that we may be prepared for
those days, when difficulties will arise, and even appear greater
than they really are. I was once in a meeting in which I was very
near to heaven, (I do not refer to this Meeting — though, I think,
we are pretty near to heaven here, but to one which took place
among some Christian Ministers in the south of France,) and the
subject — the only subject — was, mutual confession of the sins com-
mitted in the exercise of our Ministry. I never witnessed any
36 EVANGELICAL ALLIANCE.
scene of the kind before, nor have I witnessed any thing like it
since. The simplicity, the sincerity, the frankness, with which
every one present poured out his whole heart — confessing even
those things which, in ordinary times, he would not have dared to
confess to a fellow creature, was wonderful. The effect was, that
our hearts were so knit together, that I have never experienced the
like since. The effect was such in my own mind, that — to give an
illustration — in mutual conversation with pious Ministers whom I
had never met till then, I was actually constrained to leave the
formal f you' and fall into the 'thou;' — a style of address which
we never adopt with persons with whom we are not very intimate.
I could not have done it a few minutes before, nor two hours
Sir, I am deeply convinced that if we suffer pride to penetrate
our hearts, it will be a mortal enemy, it will give a reason to the
world, and to our enemies, for their opposition ; and those who are
halting will be hindered, and prevented from joining us. But if
we are kept in humility, confessing our sins, groaning under that
misery, (though we can never have an adequate idea of our own
u n worthiness) in the presence of that God who has saved us with
an everlasting salvation from everlasting pain, then, my dear
Christian friends, and Mr. Chairman, we shall be kept from evil ;
and, as Mr. Kirk has told us, we shall be " monuments of grace,"
not only to promote Christian Union, but to show what it is, and
what is its power, when that power is exercised, kept, and
maintained in humility.
Rev. Professor La Harpe, of Geneva, though unexpectedly
called upon to make some observations, rejoiced, and thanked
God, that he had the privilege to stand in a Meeting, the like
of which had not been seen for centuries. His dear brother
Monod had said, that they had proved the strength and source
of their Union in humility ; and, that they might be humble,
he was confident : — they had only to look to that meeting. The
Meeting could do much, it could do everything, by the power of
prayer. He trusted they all knew what that was, and what was
its power ; and as the present Meeting was one, to which none that
had been held for ages could be compared, so he wished to impress
upon them, that such prayer must arise from its midst, as had not
been heard for centuries : and prayer thus offered, he believed,
would be most efficacious. By the prayer of Elijah, the heavens
became as brass for the space of three years and a half, as a curse
upon the land of Israel ; but. they asked not, that the heavens might
be closed, but that the blessing of God should come down upon the
FIRST DAY — EVENIXG SESSION. 37
whole earth ; that barrenness might be turned into fruitfulness, and
the wilderness blossom as the rose. They irfust ever remember
that prayer, to be effectual, must be associated with humility; and,
thus associated, it would bring down the blessing of God. He had
not been sent to that Meeting as the representative of any Body ;
but he knew that the spirit of union was not confined to the
members of the Evangelical Society to which he belonged; but very
many sincere Christians, who did not belong to that Society, were
equally interested in the process of the present movement. In
Geneva, they were, as a body, in favour of union ; and they were
among the first to respond to the call which had been sent abroad,
being determined that it should not be from Geneva, that
difficulties should arise in the way of the success of the grand and
noble object of Christian Union.
Rev. Dr. Steane gave out a number of notices respecting the
meetings of the various Committees ; after which the following
names were added to "The Business Committee:" —
Rev. Dr. King. Rev. Dr. A. Symington.
Sir Andrew Agnew, Bart. Rev. Dr. Archer.
Thos. Carril Worsley, Esq. Rev. Dr. Crichton.
Samuel Fletcher, Esq. Rev. Thos. Allin.
William Boulton, Esq. Rev. Dr. Robert Brown.
John Trotter, Esq. Rev. John Scott.
Rev. S. L. Pomroy, of Maine, United States, then engaged in
prayer ; and the Conference adjourned to Thursday morning, at
SECOND DAY— August 20th,
The Conference re-assembled at 10 o'clock, a.m.
Rev. John Kelly moved, and
Sir Culling Eardley Smith seconded,
" That the Rev. Peter Latrobe preside over the Devotional Exercises."
The Chairman — Dear Brethren, I desire to express the feelings
I entertain of my unworthiness of the honour you have done me,
in permitting me to preside over the Devotional Exercises of this
morning ; and this I would do, both on my own behalf, and on
behalf of the Church to which I belong. There are two or three
remarks which I wish to make, in reference to the spirit in which
it seems to me that our deliberations ought to be conducted. Two
notes have been struck already by two dear Fathers, in this Con-
ference, in reference to the spirit which should prevail in these
delightful seasons of deliberation : the key-note of Love, and the
key-note of Thanksgiving. But I think there is one still wanting,
which, though perhaps less melodious and less pleasing to the ear,
is equally necessary in order to complete harmony ; and that is the
note of self-abasement and of deep humiliation. I trust that we all
feel how greatly we need to humble ourselves before our Lord and
Master ; to abase ourselves in the presence of each other ; and,
according to the very interesting, and (to my mind) beautiful,
affecting, and impressive observations made by one of our dear
Continental Brethren of yesterday evening, to confess our faults one
to another, and not to be ashamed to acknowledge to what an extent
we have sinned. Need I remind our dear Brethren here present,
that it was when Daniel, that man greatly beloved, that man of
holy desires, was making confession of his own and the people's
sins, that the gracious revelation was made to him, which we rind
recorded in the 9th chapter of his Prophecies ? And I add the
remark, that it was when the first Christians, the first disciples of
our Lord, that original Evangelical Alliance, were assembled on the
day of Pentecost, and were feeling their utter need, their helpless-
ness and sinfulness, that the prayer went up to the Holy of Holies,
SECOND DAY MORNING SESSION. 39
and blessings came down in abundance. Such blessings, Brethren,
we are not prepared to anticipate, and we have no right to antici-
pate them, unless we meet in a similar spirit — confessing our sins,
humbling ourselves before our Maker, and acknowledging that it is
of his mercies we have not been consumed. And let me call
upon you to unite in such an expression of feeling, in the lano-uao-e
of a venerable layman, with which probably you are not familiar,
but which, for two centuries and a half, has been used with great
profit and edification by thousands of congregations in the land
which we generally consider as our spiritual fatherland, — I mean the
land of the Reformation, — and which was composed by the dear
friend and colleague of that eminent servant of God, Professor
Franke, of Halle University, (and we possess in Dr. Tholuck the
pleasure of having a representative from that Institution,) composed
by a beloved physician, who gave him his hand and heart in all his
labours of love, and expresses feelings in which I trust we can
Sung 518th Hymn, Moravian Hymns.
Read 9th Chapter of Daniel.
Rev. John Jordan engaged in prayer.
Sung 481st Hymn, Moravian Hymns.
Read 3rd Chapter of Colossians to the 17th verse.
Rev. John Oncken of Hamburgh engaged in prayer.
Sir Culling Eardley Smith then took the Chair.
Rev. W. Bevan read the Minutes of the previous Sitting,
which were confirmed.
Rev. Dr. Steane read the order of business for the Morning's
Rev. Dr. King rose to make a proposal, which did not originate
with himself, but with a gentleman who had always been a devoted
and enlightened friend of the Evangelical Alliance, to the effect,
that each Member of the Conference should sign his name and
residence at full length, on a scroll prepared for the purpose ; and
that lithographed copies of the whole should be made, and dis-
tributed among the Members. It was not wished that this should
be formally adopted as a Resolution, and so recorded among the
transactions of the Alliance; but it was a request to individual
Members. This was only intended as an introduction of each
Member to every other Member ; so that every individual who
received a copy, virtually accepted an invitation to visit all the
Members of the Alliance. And, on the other hand, it was an
indication of the desire of each Member, that, when another
member was in his locality, he should call and presentthe list, and
40 EVANGELICAL ALLIANCE.
point to his name ; whereupon he would be hospitably entertained,
and have all that attention given him which his circumstances
£The suggestion made by Dr. King appeared to meet with
universal acquiescence ; and it was agreed that immediate arrange-
ments should be made to carry it into execution.]
Rev. J. Howard Hinton. — The following Resolution has been
put into my hands by the Business Committee, to facilitate the
proceedings of the Conference.
" That Members of the Conference be requested, as far as possible, to give notice
of such Amendments as they may intend to propose ; and that no independ-
ent Motion be introduced,] unless notice shall have been given of it at a
previous Session. All notices of Motion to be in writing."
It would be seen that, were this Resolution passed, Members would be
requested to give notice, if possible, of any Amendment they in-
tended to propose. Cases might arise, in which this would not be
possible ; but, in all cases where it was practicable, it was very
desirable, — as the Business Committee would thereby have the
advantage of considering such Amendments before they were dis-
cussed in the Conference. But with respect to all independent
Motions, this Resolution would render it imperative, that notice
should be given of their introduction. It was further necessary
that they should be given in writing.
Rev. W. W. Ewbank seconded the Resolution.
The Chairman further explained what would be the effect of the
present Motion, — which was subsequently put and carried.
After some conversation, in which the Rev, C. Prest, the Rev.
Dr. Beaumont, and the Rev. W. Bevan took part,
Rev. Dr. Brown moved, and it was resolved,
" That 1000 copies of the Acta and Agenda each day be printed for the use of the
Members of the Conference."
Hon. and Rev. Baptist Noel then rose to move,
" That four Public Meetings be held during the Sessions of the Conference ; viz.: —
1. On Tuesday Morning, August 25th, at 11 a.m.
2. On Wednesday Evening, August 26th, at 6 p.m.
3. On Thursday Evening, August 27th, at 6 p.m.
4. A Meeting to be conducted in the French Language."
Mr. Noel said, — I will, in a few words, recommend the adoption
of the Resolution. It is a part of the very object we have in view,
to interest as many as possible in the objects of our present Meeting;
and that interest is necessarily limited, so long as our deliberations
are confined to this room. There are two modes of increasing the
interest felt by Christian Brethren out of doors, — the employment of
SECOND DAY MORNING SESSION. 41
the Press, and the holding of Public Meetings. The Public Meetings
proposed to be held will be one means by which our Christian
Brethren may be enlightened and interested in this work ; and
those Brethren who have hitherto entertained scruples respecting
our objects and proceedings, may then have them removed. Many
who have hitherto felt indifference, solely because they are ignorant
upon the subject, will have this ignorance enlightened. Numbers
who already feel a cordial sympathy with us in the efforts we have
made, naturally feel desirous to know something more of our
proceedings ; and these desires we should satisfy, as far as possible,
and make our Brethren acquainted with all the blessings which a
gracious God has bestowed upon us. But, besides these, there are,
as we know too well, numbers of persons in this world, who suspend
their judgements upon any measure till they learn what others think
upon it. They are not accustomed to examine with mental inde-
pendence, or to come to an independent decision on any question
which may be laid before them, or to treat any question wholly
apart from circumstances, It is of great importance to the ultimate
success of our holy cause, that we should obtain such a demon-
stration of good will from Christian Brethren in all quarters as will
influence these feebler and more ductile spirits. And if there
should be an enthusiastic response to this principle among our
Christian Brethren out of these walls, it will tend materially to
promote the object we have in view. And, lastly, I may mention,
that the danger to which Dr. Cox yesterday so ably referred, of the
influence of the Press being somewhat turned against our object, by
the fact of its exclusion from this Conference, will, I hope, be
neutralized to a great extent, by the influence which these Public
Meetings will have upon that important portion of the community.
Three Meetings have been proposed by the Business Committee, to
be held in Exeter Hall. The First is proposed to be a morning
Meeting, that many of those who have not the strength or oppor-
tunity to attend in the evening, should not be excluded from their
share in the knowledge of our proceedings. The two other Meetings
it is proposed to hold in the evening ; which will give opportunity
to our humbler Brethren, who are engaged in business during the
day, to assemble to hear what God is doing for us. Thus all
classes are in a measure provided for. If, however, contrary
perhaps to their expectations, or beyond their expectations, thou-
sands apply for admission to these Meetings, I should greatly regret
personally, when we have so many able and pious speakers gathered
from various parts of the world, that numbers of these should be
forced to be silent by there being only three Meetings held ; public
42 EVANGELICAL ALLIANCE.
assemblies will not hear speakers indefinitely; provision should,
therefore, be made, and everything be in readiness, to hold more
Meetings, till the public curiosity and interest are in a measure
satisfied. And perhaps I may venture to suggest, that it would
not be desirable much to prolong these Meetings ; but that, if there
be a demand on the part of the public, it would be better that our
American and Foreign Brethren, as well as our countrymen from
every part of these Islands, should have an opportunity of addressing
a larger number of Meetings. But we have Brethren present, who
have interesting remarks to offer, whose hearts are filled with sym-
pathy with us, in this object, but they cannot suitably address large
English audiences. It has, therefore, been suggested, and the
Business Committee unite in that suggestion, that there should be,
if the Conference think fit, a fourth Meeting held, in Hanover
Square Rooms or elsewhere, in which the French language might
be the language employed ; and I entertain the hope, that a very
favourable impression will be produced on the minds of many of
the upper classes of Society, who have hitherto thought nothing
of our movement, if they were addressed exclusively by Brethren
from the Continent, Germans and French, in their own language.
These are the principal thoughts which have occurred to me, in
support of the Resolution which I have been requested to move.
Oh ! may that gracious God, who has hitherto condescended to aid
us in our work, grant that both our deliberative and public Meetings
may indeed be productive of such a permanent improvement as may
give something of a Pentecostal character to our proceedings. And
I feel constrained to give utterance to the prayer, that our gracious
God will grant us much faith, to hope that Pentecost itself will be
revived among us; to believe that He gave that blessing then
merely as the first drops of a shower of benedictions ; and that, in
our day, in the progress of His cause in the World, still larger and
better blessings will be bestowed ! These, both the merits of our
Redeemer, and the wants of mankind, conspire with His promises
to make us look for.
Rev. M. Audebez addressed the Conference in French, Sir C.
E. Smith interpreting what was said, sentence by sentence, to the
following effect. — I shall say very little in seconding the Resolution,
and my reason for speaking at all is, the extremely small number of
French that are present at the Conference. I am here representing
only myself; but I think that if a Public Meeting were held, in
which the nature and objects of the Alliance were presented in
the French language, it would have a very considerable influence
upon our Brethren in this city, who speak that language. Our
SECOND DAY MORNING SESSION. 43
Brethren on the Continent will be particularly interested in the fact,
that we, Frenchmen, have taken part in the proceedings of this
holy Conference. And it is of great importance that France, and
that part of the Continent which speaks the French language, should
furnish a large contingent to the intended Confederation. I con-
ceive that we are doing here what the Lord permits and approves ;
and that what we are performing is, in truth, the accomplishment
of what He hath said in the second chapter of the Prophecy of
Isaiah, " And it shall come to pass in the last days that the moun-
tain of the Lord's house shall be established on the top of the
mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills ; and all nations
shall flow unto it."
I consider that, in this place, there is an assemblage of the differ-
ent regiments of that spiritual army spoken of in the twentieth
Psalm : and that the army, thus assembled, receives here the royal
standard, under which it is to march to victory; and the colours of
that flag are three — faith, hope, and love.
Rev. Dr. F. A. Cox, of Hackney, suggested that preparations
should be made, in case of an overflowing attendance, to hold simul-
taneous meetings in other places than Exeter Hall. In the first
great Meeting, no provision of the kind had been made j there was
an overflowing attendance; and multitudes went away exceedingly
disappointed. He would also suggest, respecting the proposed
Meeting, to be addressed in French, that it should stand thus, — the
French and German languages.
Some further conversation took place respecting the number of
the Public Meetings, and the regulations under which they should
be conducted, and persons admitted to them ; in which A. C. Dux-
lop, Esq., Rev. Dr. Beaumont, and Rev. Dr. Morison took
part ; when Rev. Dr. Bunting suggested that, as a Public Meet-
ing Committee had been appointed, it would be better to refer all
these matters to them. The Conference need not spend much time
in doing that which they had appointed a Committee to do.
Rev. Dr. Byrth enquired whether the arrangements for these
Meetings, especially the fourth, devolved upon that Committee of
which he was the convener ?
Rev. Dr. Steane explained that the General Arrangement
Committee had charge of the Public Meetings, so far as making the
arrangements for them was concerned ; that is, engaging the rooms,
providing tickets, and taking care that every thing should be con-
ducted in good order : but that Committee of which Dr. Byrth and
Dr. Raffles were the Secretaries, had the duty of selecting speakers
and of preparing Resolutions.
44 EVANGELICAL ALLIANCE.
Some further discussion followed, on points connected with the
Public Meetings, in which Rev. Dr. Raffles, Rev. A. D. Campbell,
Joseph Tritton, Esq., Rev. W. W. Ewbank, Rev. T. Binney, Hon.
and Rev. B. W. Noel, Rev. J. A. James, and others took part ;
when it was finally ruled, that all such questions should be remitted
to the proper Committees ; and the Resolution, as proposed by Mr.
Noel, was put and carried.
Rev. Dr. Steane then announced that the Rev. Dr. Wardlaw