Resolved, that a copy of the proceedings of this Convention be
transmitted to the London Convention over the signatures of the
President and Secretary.
Resolved, that the President, Secretary, and Dr.
Mc. Leod, be a
Committee, to prepare the above proceedings for publication.
The Convention then adjourned due die.
Justin Edwards, President.
Henry N. Pohlman, Secretary.
XIII. FROM THE TORONTO ASSOCIATION FOR CHRISTIAN
Toronto, Canada West, May 13, 1846.
Respected Sir, —
I am instructed, as Secretary of the Toronto Association for Chris-
tian Union, to transmit to you a copy of the Preamble and Regulations
adopted toward the clone of last month for our guidance, accompanied by
APPENDIX A. XXIX
an expression of our fraternal regard, and of our interest in the great ob-
ject of your labours. These regulations were formally adopted then,
though we had been acting upon them for nearly two years. We have
delivered two courses of lectures, bearing upon the great questions
which are now agitating the religious world. Some of these lectures
were published, and widely circulated through the country. In a new
country, like this, the obstacles to Christian Union arc perhaps as nume-
rous, though not of the same kind, as those existing in Great Britain.
We have not only to overcome denominational prejudices, but also
national, political, and sectional. Yet there seems to be in many hearts
a longing for that Christian fellowship, which it is both a Christian duty
and a privilege to enjoy.
Our city is like the heart of Western Canada; and our hope is that, by
exhibiting practical union on all matters of common interest in "the
heart," its pulsations will be felt through the entire Western Section of
The enclosed scheme was not adopted till after many lengthened
interviews ; and, it may be added, some experience of its operations.
Our aim was to draw an outline, and to fill up the sketch from practical
Twelve ministers, of six different denominations, and an equal number
of Brethren, not in the Ministry, formed the members of our Association.
May it be increased like the host of God !
We look forward with much interest to your approaching meetings,
hoping to derive many valuable suggestions from the well-digested pro-
ceedings of your Great Assembly.
We wish you God-speed in your efforts to draw closer the bonds of
Christian brotherhood between the various sections of the great Christian
family. Although the wide Atlantic rolls between us, we claim a rela-
tionship to you, which distance cannot weaken, nor death itself destroy —
a relationship which will have all its longings gratified in that world where
there is no more separation.
Our hearts and prayers will be with you at your approaching meetings;
and may the God of peace and of love make them highly promotive of the
great object which you are seeking.
I am, very respectfully, &c,
Rev. A. FYFFE,
Secretary of the Toronto Association for Christian Union.
To Rev. E. Steane, D.D.
Secretary of the London Committee for Christian Union.
Preamble, Objects, and Constitution, April, 1816.
In the present state of religious parties in this Province, relative to the
great question of Christian Union, it appears to us necessary to proceed
with caution, examining every step, that, on the one hand, the edifice
which we hope to rear may be firm and substantial, whilst, on the other,
XX X APPENDIX A.
we may not sacrifice any of our cherished principles as members of
Evangelical denominations, in our haste to secure so desirable an object
as Christian union. After mature consideration, it appears to us best to
adhere to the basis upon which we commenced our efforts at Christian
Union nearly two years ago: viz. the recognized Christianity of those de-
nominations usually called Evangelical, without particularizing the precise
points upon which the denominations essentially agree.
By intimate social and religious intercourse with each other, by confe-
rence for advice and direction, by co-operation upon matters of mutual
interest, and by united prayer for the gracious influences of the Spirit of
God, we hope practically to evolve the principles upon which we can
organize a Union, at once Scriptural, effective, and lasting. We feel
assured that the Union we are now attempting more perfectly to realize,
will greatly aid in securing such important objects as the following: —
1. The promotion of personal piety and brotherly love in the mem-
bers of the Association, and the prosperity of our churches and congre-
2. The vindication of the Essential Principles of the Protestant Reform-
3. The suppression of Infidelity and the elevation of the love of moral-
ity in the community.
In seeking these and kindred objects, wc shall correspond with our
Brethren in other parts of the country, and invite their co-operation in
the pursuit of the same great objects. And to facilitate our operations
in this city, we agree to form ourselves into a society with the following
name and regulations : —
1. This Society shall be called The Toronto Association for Christian
2. The Association shall consist of clergymen and others, holding
the sentiments generally known by the term Evangelical.
3. Applications for membership shall lie over for one meeting before
being acted upon, and then be put to the vote ; it being understood, that
three dissentients shall prevent admission.
4. Monthly meetings shall be held by the Association, with occasional
meetings of a more public character, to interest the people of our respec-
tive denominations in our great objects.
5. Extra meetings may be called by the Secretary, with the advice of
two or more members of the Association.
XIV. FROM CHRISTIAN MINISTERS OF VARIOUS DENOMINA-
TIONS AT BALTIMORE, U.S.A.
To the Evangelical Alliance, to meet in London in August next.
We the subscribers, Ministers of the Gospel, residing in the city of
Baltimore, State of Maryland, U. S. A., representing different Christian
APPENDIX A. XXXI
denomination?, regarding, as we do, love to God and man as the essence of
true religion, and the fundamental features of the Christian character ;
believing also, thai more cordial union and harmonious and efficient action
in the promotion of the common interests of our Lord's kingdom on
earth are desirable, and may be brought about without compromising our
respective denominational characteristics; and entirely sanctioning the
great and glorious object of the contemplated Convention for the promo-
tion of Christian Union, to be held in August next, in London, for the
accomplishment of these important objects ; therefore, we would respect-
fully set forth : —
1st. That we regard this great movement as one of the glories of the
age in which we live, and as one of the most cheering signs of the times
in reference to the onward progress of the cardinal principles of the
Reformation and the high interests of the Church of God ; and shall esteem
it a privilege to pray for the success of said movement, and for the speedy
consummation of the holy purposes which it aims to accomplish.
2nd. That as an evidence of our individual approbation, w r e design to
be represented at said Convention ; and herewith appoint and authorize
our beloved and trusty Brethren, named below, as our delegates* to the
same, empowering them to act in our behalf in furthering all the noble
objects contemplated, yet not so as to commit us to any measure incom-
patible with our previous obligations to the respective Christian denomi-
nations to which we belong.
Rev. Benjamin^ Kurtz, D.D., of the Evangelical Lutheran Church.
Rev. J. G. Morris, D.D., of the Evangelical Lutheran Church.
Rev. G. C. M. Roberts, of the Methodist Episcopal Church.
Rev. Elias Heiner, of the German Reformed Church.
3rd. That these Brethren are men of good repute among us, in whose
Christian principles we have confidence, and, therefore, we respectfully
request that they may be admitted as our delegates, and have accorded to
them the usual privileges belonging to the Members of said Convention.
May grace and peace be multiplied unto the Members of the Conven-
tion, and unto all men, through the knowledge of our God, and of Jesus
Christ, our Lord.
J. Daniel Kurtz, Senior Pastor of the first German Lutheran Church,
city of Baltimore.
A. Webster, Pastor of St. John's, Liberty Street, Baltimore.
J. G. Hamner, Pastor of the Fifth Presbyterian Church, Baltimore.
* The Provisional Committee were careful all along, to disclaim the principle of
delegation, and to receive Brethren only in their individual capacity: this being
one of the fundamental Principles of the Alliance from the first. But they could
not interfere with the proceedings of other Christian bodies ; nor refuse to receive
as individuals those who might have been sent as delegates, by Christian Brethren
in distant Countries. — Editor.
XXXll APPENDIX A.
Stephen P. Hill, Pastor of the First Baptist Church, Baltimore.
George D. Purviance, Pastor of the Fourth Presbyterian Church,
J. Aldrich, Pastor of the High Street Baptist Church, Baltimore.
Sheridan Guiteau, Corresponding Secretary of the Maryland Branch
of the American Tract Society ; Member of the Presbytery of
Charles Porterfield Krauth, Pastor of the Independent English
Evangelical Lutheran Church, Baltimore.
William Hamilton, Pastor of the Methodist Episcopal Church,
Samuel Gutelius, Pastor of the Second German Reform Church,
Andrew B. Crost, Corresponding Secretary of the Maryland State
Temperance Society, and Member of Presbytery of Baltimore.
John Healey, Pastor of the Second Baptist Church, city of Baltimore.
I J. A. Brown, Pastor of Luther Chapel, Baltimore city.
R. W. Dunlop, Pastor of Ausyuth Street Presbyterian Church.
Bernard C. Wolff, Pastor of the Third German Reformed Church,
John M. Duncan, Pastor of the Associate Reformed Congregation of
John C. Backus, Pastor of the First Presbyterian Church, Baltimore.
Chas. Weyl, Pastor of the Evangelical Lutheran Trinity Church,
C. A. Haciuv, Pastor of the Fourth German Reformed Church, Baltimore.
XV. FROM THE NEW HAMPSHIRE YEARLY MEETING OF THE
Dover, New Hampshire, June 10th, 1846.
To the Convention to be held in London, IQth of August, for the
formation of an Evangelical Alliance.
The undersigned, having been appointed by the Free-will Baptists
of New Hampshire, at their late Yearly Meeting, a committee for the
purpose of addressing an epistle to your Convention, with due respect
and Christian cordiality, would express for ourselves and those whom we
represent, the warmest sympathies for the objects contemplated in the
present Convention. You have, dear Brethren, our heartfelt prayer for
that special, providential, and gracious guidance, which shall render all
your deliberations interesting to yourselves, and successful in accomplish-
ing the grand end in view.
Possessing the Anti-Slavery character, which the Free-will Baptists of
America do as a denomination— while we hesitate not to express approval
APPENDIX A. XXX1U
of all the preparatory measures so far adopted — we particularly beg the
indulgence to signify our high satisfaction with the Resolution of the
Provisional Committee, by which all slave-holders are prohibited from
participation in the business of your Convention.
We rejoice, in common with many thousands of all Christian countries,
that the period has now come, in which a general effort is makino- for an
increased union among the Evangelical Denominations of Christians. We
have full confidence in the happy result of such effort. Long has a want
of union and friendly feeling among the Protestant Denominations retarded
the great work of the worlds redemption by the Gospel of Christ. It is
hoped this shall not longer be.
Where there is unanimity of sentiment in the great doctrines of the
Gospel, there may be, there should be, union of effort to spread the
Christian religion. The Romish Church is united, throughout its entire
communion, to spread the errors of the Papacy ; and Infidelity, in every
clime, is combined to oppose the spread of the doctrines of our holv
Should not all Christians, then, of whatever denominational name,
unite cordially to form that " Holy Alliance" for God and the Gospel,
which shall not be broken, till the standard of the cross shall be planted
on every strong hold of sin, and the World be redeemed to God.
We repeat it — we have confidence, that the Alliance, which you pro-
pose now to form, will result in immediate and lasting good to the cause
of the Redeemer. May the Holy Spirit direct your deliberations, so as to
promote the Union of the Church, and the glory of the great and blessed
We are, dear Brethren, on behalf of the New Hampshire Yearly
Meeting, in the love and fellowship of Christ, Yours truly,
Porter S. Burbank, *> Committee.
Ran sum Dunn,
;k, > Co
XVI. LETTER FROM THE PERTH BRANCH OF THE EVAN-
Perth, Canada West, June 22, 1846.
The Perth Branch of the Canada Evangelical Alliance, precluded by
their circumstances from having a personal representation at the Con-
vention of the friends of Christian Union, which is appointed to take
place in London in August next, are nevertheless desirous of bearing their
testimony to the truths on which the Evangelical Alliance is based, and
of expressing their cordial approbation of the objects which that Alliance
has in view. I have been instructed therefore, as Corresjmnding Secretary,
to bear this testimony, and express this approbation accordingly.
The Branch, in whose name I now address you, has been in existence
for several months ; and at its organization it was resolved, that a discourse
XXXIV APPENDIX A.
should be preached quarterly, by the Ministers of the place in rotation, on
the subject of Christian Union, and that monthly Public Meetings should
be held, for devotional exercises, and the communication of intelligence
bearing upon the objects of the Alliance. The first quarterly sermon has
been preached; and we have also now repeatedly enjoyed the privilege
of assembling in our monthly meetings for prayer, that the great Head of
the Church — the God of love and of peace — would grant to all his people
to be like-minded one toward another according to Christ Jesus; that
they may with one mind and one mouth glorify God, — forbearing one
another in love, endeavouring to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond
of peace, — that thus they may become perfect, and be of good comfort; and
that the World, thus seeing them one in Christ, and dwelling together in
love, may believe, that God sent Christ to be the Saviour of sinners.
We feel that we have the approbation of God in these meetings, and
that by them the evangelical believers, belonging to several Denominations
in this place, are enabled to bear a stronger testimony than they otherwise
could, against superstition and infidelity, — and more pre-eminently to
manifest the essential unity of the Church of Christ. They increase also,
we feel, among us, the [spirit and the [enjoyments of brotherly love, and
the advantages of brotherly intercourse.
We are persuaded, that the objects which the Evangelical Alliance seeks
to promote are intimately connected with the glory of Christ and the
evangelization of the World; and we, therefore, most fervently pray, that
all who are honoured of God to take part in its deliberations — and more
especially that those who are appointed to conduct its operations — may
receive from God a spirit of wisdom and of a sound mind; — so that,,
deliberating and acting in the exercise of the wisdom that cometh from
above, God may work mightily by them, rendering them instrumental in
multiplying grace, mercy, and peace to his spiritual Israel, and hastening
on the glory of the latter day, when all shall call Christ blessed, and shall
be blessed in Him.
I am, with Christian regards,
Your most obedient servant,
Minister of St. Andrew's Church, Perth, Canada West.
XVII. BAPTIST UNION.
Resolution of the Committee, Jan. 27, 1846.
That this Committee regard, with the liveliest interest and delight, the efforts now
in progress for the more eminent cultivation and manifestation of Christian
love, without compromise or concealment, among the professed disciples of
Jesus ; and look forward to the Conference to be held in the course of the
present year, for the formation of an Evangelical Alliance, with a prayerful
desire, that the Spirit of the Lord may be largely poured out upon it, and that
its deliberations may be greatly conducive" to the glory of His Name."
APPEXDTX A. XXXV
To the Chairman of the, London Provisional Committee of the* Proposed
Dear Sir Culling Smith, —
Wc beg- to transmit to you the following Resolution of the Baptist
Union, adopted at its Annual Session held at Birmingham on the 30th of
last month ; and in doing so we take occasion to express the sincere
gratification it affords us to be the medium of its communication.
We are, Dear Sir Culling,
On behalf of the Union,
Yours very respectfully
J. H. HlNTON,
London, July 0, 1846.
Resolution passed at the Annual Session of the Baptist Union, held at
Birmingham, July, 1846 : —
" That the Union, fully sympathizing in the sentiments expressed by its Committee
on the 27th of January last, in relation to the movements in progress for the
promotion of Christian Union, record their devout and earnest hope, that the
Conference to assemble on the 19th of August next may be largely endowed
with ' a spirit of power, and of love, and of a sound mind,' — that they may
be mercifully guided through the many difficulties which may be expected to
impede their progress, — and that their deliberations may both afford an
immediate refreshment to the hearts of Brethren, from so many communions
and so many countries, and open a prospect of further affectionate intercourse
XVIII. METHODIST NEW CONNEXION.
Copy of Resolution passed by the Conference held in Manchester,
June, 1846 :—
That the Conference feels it a duty to express its cordial approbation of the im-
portant objects contemplated by the Evangelical Alliance ; regarding those
objects as essential to the full development of the principles of Christianity,
the overthrow of pernicious errors, and the consummation of the peace and
glory of the visible Church : the Conference would, therefore, earnestly recom-
mend the Ministers and Members of our Connexion to co-operate in this
Thomas Allin, President.
J. Robinson, Secretary.
XXXVI ATPEXDIX A.
XIX. WESLEYAN METHODIST ASSOCIATION.
Extract from « The Minutes, 1846."
" The Assembly of last year having appointed the Revs. James Moly-
neux and Robert Eckett to attend a Meeting-, held in Liverpool in October
last, for the promotion of Christian Union, they reported the proceedings
of that Meeting. From which it appeared, that, in furtherance of this
important object, a Committee had been appointed to make arrangements
for holding a Convention, to commence its sittings on the 19th of Au-
gust, 1846, and that such Convention is not to consist of representatives
of Churches, but of the Committee appointed in October last, and of other
persons who have been added thereto by the said Committee, and who
are to act onty in their individual capacity, and not as the representatives
of the Religious Communities to which they belong. The Assembly,
therefore, did not appoint any of its members to be its representatives to
the said Convention, but adopted the following Resolutions :
Resolved, " 1. That, as this Assembly is earnestly desirous that all Christians
should evidence their union with our Lord Jesus Christ, by manifesting a
willingness to unite in fraternal intercourse with all who believe in Him, it
hereby records its general approval of the measures recently taken, and now
in progress, for the increase and manifestation of union among those
who acknowledge the divine Inspiration, Authority, and Sufficiency, of Holy
Scripture, and the right of private judgement thereon ; who also believe in the
vicarious sacrifice of Christ, justification by faith alone, the divine institution of
the Christian Ministry, and the perpetuity of the ordinances of baptism and
the Lord's supper. This Assembly, however, would feel increased pleasure,
if the basis of the Proposed Evangelical Alliance should be so framed, as to
enable the Evangelical members of the Society of Friends to become united
" 2. This Assembly is also of opinion, that union among all those who truly believe
in their redemption by the precious blood of Christ, is perfectly compatible
with their conscientiously holding diverse opinions on minor doctrinal questions,
and as to modes of organization and Church Government ; and that it
is the duty of all such, without either consenting to, or requiring, any
compromise of any such conscientious diversity of opinion or practice,
to cherish pure affection towards all their Christian Brethren ; and,
by uniting with them in devotional and other religious services, to
evidence, that they recognize each other as children of one Heavenly
Father, members of one holy brotherhood, and heirs of one eternal inheri-
tance. This Assembly, therefore, looks forward, with much interest, to the
Convention about to be held in London, for the formation of the Evangelical
Alliance; and hereby expresses its earnest hope and fervent prayer, that the
Divine guidance and blessing may attend and rest upon the arrangements now
being made by its Provisional Committee, and upon the approaching Conven-
tion. It would also express its earnest desire, that all the Ministers and
APPENDIX A. XXXYll
Members of the Wesleyan Methodist Association should avoid all bitterness
of spirit and sectarian animosities, and heartily cooperate in promoting the
increase of love and union with all who love our Lord Jesus in sincerity.
This Assembly is fully assured, that Christians, by cultivating brotherly affec-
tion towards all who believe in Christ, will promote their own personal piety,
and become honoured with greater success in their endeavours to extend the
" 3. That the preceding Resolutions, signed by the President and Secretary, be
transmitted to the Provisional Committee of the Evangelical Alliance, in
order that they may be laid before the Convention, to be held in London on
the 19th of the present month."
Signed by order of the Assembly,
Robert Eckett, President.
John Kipling, Secretary.
August 7, 1846.
XX. ADDRESS OF THE WESLEYAN CONFERENCE,
Presented by Rev. Dr. Bunting, with the following ^Letter.
Dr. Bunting presents his Christian respects and love to the Secre-
taries of the London Division of the Provisional Committee of the Pro-
posed Evangelical Alliance, and has high pleasure in forwarding the
accompanying Resolution of the Annual Conference of the Wesleyan
Methodists, recently assembled in Bristol. Dr. Bunting hopes, that this
document may not be unacceptable to the Committee, as expressing the
cordial and unanimous feeling of more than four hundred Christian
Ministers, who earnestly pray, that the blessing of Almighty God may
abundantly prosper the good work in which the Committee and their
coadjutors are engaged.
To the Rev. A. D. Campbell, and the Rev. Dr. Steane,
PROPOSED EVANGELICAL ALLIANCE.
Wesleyan Conference, Bristol, August 13, 1846.
Resolved unanimously, " That this Conference has learned, with great satisfaction
and thankfulness, that the Meeting of Ministers and others, held in Liverpool, in
October, 1845, on the important subject of Christian Union, was signally
honoured by indications of the Divine presence and favour ; and has resulted in
the adoption of various provisional measures in Great Britain and Ireland,
in preparation for a larger Meeting in London, on Wednesday, August 19th
and following days, — when it is hoped that the Proposed Evangelical Alliance
may be regularly formed.
LXV111 APPENDIX A.
The Conference desires publicly to express its entire and united sympathy with the
great object contemplated by this movement ; its devout and earnest hope,
that, notwithstanding many formidable difficulties, some happy progress may be