forthwith made towards its eventual accomplishment ; and its fervent prayer to
Almighty God, that the Lord the Spirit, may vouchsafe to pour out His
choicest influences upon the Christian Brethren, from many countries and
communities, who are about to assemble for devotion and conference, — merci-
fully disposing them to the exercise of all holy and kindly affections toward
each other, and guiding them to such conclusions as may largely promote, by
the Divine blessing, the glory of Christ, the more visible unity of the Universal
Church, and the maintenance and spread of essential and saving Truth in
general, and of our common Protestant Faith in particular."
William Atherton, President.
Robert Newton, Secretary.
LETTER FROM THE ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETY OF LONDON.
Minute of March 10th, 1846.
A letter from the British and Foreign Anti-slavery Society, dated
27th February, urging on the Provisional Committee a certain course
with regard to Slave-holders in the United States, with especial reference
to the proposed Conference in August, having been read, the Rev.
Dr. Bunting moved, the Rev. Dr. Leifchild seconded : —
" That the receipt of the same be courteously acknowledged."
To the London Division of the Provisional Committee of the proposed
The Committee of the British and Foreign Anti-slavery Society
trust that no apology will be deemed necessary on their part, for intro-
ducing to your serious attention a subject of great practical importance,
in connexion with the object you have, for some time past, been
endeavouring to realize.
You are probably aware, Gentlemen, that, at this moment, there exist,
in thirteen of the States of the United States of North America, nearly
three millions of our fellow creatures of both sexes, and all ages, in the
dreadful condition of Slavery. The liberty of these unhappy persons was
never forfeited by* crime. They are innocent human beings, who have
been deprived of their freedom by the most iniquitous of laws, to minister
to the insatiable cupidity, the base passions, or the pride of their owners;
and they are retained in their hard state of bondage by means the most re-
volting and cruel. They are the descendants, for the most part, of Africans
who were formerly removed by fraud or violence from their native homes
by the slave dealer ; and, whether viewed in relation to their physical
ArrENDIX A. XXXIX
sufferings, or their moral condition — the outrage tliat has been committed
on their nature and their rights, or the helplessness and the hopelessness
of their condition— should be the object, of the deepest sympathy to all
Christian men, and of earnest prayer and zealous effort for their speedy
You arc also aware, Gentlemen, that these slaves are merchantable
commodities. In the eye of the law they are regarded as mere property,
except when they commit crime, and can, therefore, be bought and sold,
given away, or bequeathed, to meet the necessities or gratify the caprice
of their masters. They have no social or civil rights; and, therefore, no
regard whatever is paid to the relationships they sustain ; and they not
only can be, but are constantly subjected to the most heartrending
separations. From sixty to eighty thousand, and sometimes considerably
more, pass from one hand to another by sale every year ; whilst the mode
in which many thousands of them are raised for the southern markets is
too revolting to be described.
The law which regulates the condition of these slaves does not
sanction their marriage : if they enter into arrangements to live together
as man and wife, it knows nothing of the relation, and, consequently, does
not protect it. It may be sundered in a moment. The result is, that not
onby is the divine ordinance of matrimony set aside, but a disgraceful
system of concubinage is established in its place, and a degree of
licentious indulgence generated, which is frightful to contemplate.
Neither does the law recognize the parental relation : in this respect the
children of slaves are placed on the same level as the offspring of brutes.
Both are property. The father cannot protect his son from injustice — the
mother her daughter from dishonour. The tears, the lamentations — the
entreaties, of parents are no more regarded than the lowing of cattle; and
should they become troublesome they are punished with severity.
The Committee dwell not on the continual injustice inflicted on the
slave by depriving him of the leo-itimate fruits of his labour, or the liberty
of choice in respect of his employment and employer; nor of the cruel
mores which are resorted to for the purpose of coercing labour, and of
enforcing obedience. These are too well known to need description. It
is quite natural that, a system which violates all the essential rights of
humanity, and outrages the laws of God, should lead to the practice
of every enormity, which wicked men could invent, or human nature
The laws of the Slave States, moreover, rigidly exclude from the poor
slaves all instruction, whether secular or moral. In some of the States the
heaviest penalties may be inflicted for teaching them the use of letters ;
and, in one State, death itself is the punishment for a second offence.
The consequence is, that, in a land which boasts of its enlightened
Christianity and republican institutions, there is a heathen and enslaved
population, from whose minds are systematically excluded, not only the
sacred verities of religion, but the commonest rudiments of knowledge
xl APPENDIX A.
If in some instances light penetrates their minds, it only serves to make
the surrounding darkness more palpable and hideous.
And this deplorable state of things not only exists with the con-
nivance, but is sustained, unhappily, by the direct participation of
several sections of the professedly Christian Church. Episcopalians,
Presbyterians, Wesleyans, Baptists, Independents are all implicated in
the support of this criminal institution. Preachers — Bishops, and Pres-
bvters, and Pastors, and Ministers, Elders and Deacons, and Members,
are found among Slave-holders and Slave-sellers ; and it is to be feared
are, in many instances, not less exacting and cruel than the men who
profess not to be actuated by their religious principles, but who, never-
theless, urge in their defence their pernicious example.
Now, gentlemen, it appears to the Committee to be a sacred duty on
the part of all who are sincere in their profession of obedience to the
righteous precepts of the Gospel, and are influenced b} T its benign spirit,
to plead the cause of the oppressed, and to judge between them and
In placing the forgoing statement before you, the Committee venture
respectfully to press on your attention the painful fact, that a large body
of men in the United States who profess and call themselves Christians,
and who would feel no difficulty in subscribing your Confession of Faith,
are the oppressors of their brethren, or the apologists of the system of
Slavery which exists in their country at the present time; and to implore
3'ou to pause before you invite them to your association ; nay, rather to
urge you, in the spirit of Christian fidelity and courtesy, to refuse to
receive into your fellowship, all men, be their pretensions what they may,
who either directly participate, or acquiesce, in upholding or advocating
the enslavement of their fellow men.
It is due, however, to the purer branches of the ecclesiastical organiza-
tions before noticed, to say, that many of them are beating a noble testi-
mony against Slavery, that many of them have been, and all are, rapidly
separating themselves from official connexion with those who violate by
their conduct the fundamental principles of that religion they profess to
Composed as the Anti-slavery body is of every class of Christian
professors in this country, they cannot but feel deepby interested in the
course you propose to adopt in this particular case ; and, will be highly
gratified to learn, that your decision is to exclude the parties referred to
from the proposed Alliance.
I have the honour to be, Gentlemen,
On behalf of the Committee,
Your obedient Servant,
John SeoBLE, Secretary.
A di-slaver\j Office, 27, Nea> Broad-street,
' February 27, 1840.
APPENDIX A. x li
P. S. Rev. Professor Tboluck, in bia Speech at the First Public
Meeting (Aug. 25th), quoted the following Document. A particular
desire having been expressed, that it should be inserted in the published
Report of the proceedings of the Conference, this appeared to be the
only part of the volume in which it could be placed : —
"DECLARATION TO BE INSERTED IN THE FORM OF OR-
DINATION OF CANDIDATES OF THE EVANGELICAL CHURCH
" PROPOSED AND VOTED BY THE GENERAL SYNOD AT BERLIN, AUGUST, 1846.
" He who is lawfully called to the office of teaching in the Evangelical
Church, and is to be consecrated thereto by Prayer and Imposition of
Hands, must publicly declare, that he stands in the" common Faith of the
Church ; and therefore,
" In the first place, —
" That he will neither take his own opinions, nor any commandments
of men whatsoever, but the Word of God in the Prophetical and Apos-
tolical Writings, for the rule of his teaching.
" Next, that, under God's assistance, he will continue faithfully and
diligently in that interpretation of Holy Scripture, which is carried on
according to the laws of language by the Holy Spirit, in unison with the
Confessions of the Universal Church, and with the Confessional Books of
the Evangelical Church, as testimonies of the fundamental facts and
fundamental truths of our salvation, and as types of sound doctrine.
(Here follows the Answer of him who is to be ordained, to the question for his
"And, since these fundamental facts and truths consist chiefly in the
following, I ask you, Whether you, in common with the Universal Church
upon earth, confess God the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost?
"Next, Whether, with the whole Evangelical Church, you do, in the
first place, confess Jesus Christ, the Only-begotten Son "of God, who
emptied Himself, and took upon Him the form of a Servant, as the
only Mediator; seeing that, as a Prophet sent by God, mighty in words
and works, He has proclaimed Peace ; — and, as our Eternal High-Priest,
has by His death reconciled us unto God, being delivered for our
offences, and raised again for our justification, — whereupon He sat down
at the right hand of the Majesty on High ; and reigns for ever as the Head
of the Church, which He gathers and preserves, by means of His Word
and Sacraments, through the Holy Ghost, who Wing sent by Him into
our hearts, teaches us to call Jesus our Lord, and to know the Grace
which is given to us in Him ?
" In the second place, — Whether you, through faith in these glad
tidings of the free Grace of God in His Beloved Son, will acknowledge
and confess, that we are all sinners, but become children of God through
Faith in Christ, in whom we, being justified I efore God through Grace,
without merit of Works, have the pledge of an imperishable inheritance,
which is laid up in heaven; and that we, through the same faith, which
worketh by Love, and bringeth forth the Fruits of the Spirit, arc prepared
by the daily renewing of our hearts for the Day of Jesus Christ?"
(Hese follows the second Ye% of him who is to be ordained.)
Cash Account, commencing Octo
£ s. d.
To. Contributions of London Division . 2435 10 3
Liverpool Division 1205 12 2
Glasgow Division 1000
Dublin Division.... 120
£4761 2 5
To Balance, this Day (Oct. 1, 1846) 824 2 6
»5, AND CLOSING OCTOBER 1ST, 1846. Ct%
By Printing, — £ «• d -
Narrative of Liverpool Conference, Minutes of Aggregate Com-
mittees, Address of London Committee, Brief Statement, Brief
Summary, Circulars, &c, with Translations into Foreign Lan-
guages 565 10 8
By Travelling Expenses, —
Ministers attending Aggregate Meetings at Liverpool and Bir-
mingham, Deputations, and other expenses connected with
Provisional Proceedings 249 13 11
By Salaries, —
Secretaries and Clerk 617 12 3
By Miscellaneous Expenses, —
British, Colonial, and Foreign Postage, Stationery, Furniture,
and Office Expenses, Parcels, Publications, Advertisements,
Messenger, Occasional Clerks, and Sundries 459 17 1
Public Meeting in London, January 8th, 1846 49 15
By Rent and Public Meetings, —
Exeter Hall, — Rent of Offices and hire of Rooms for Occasional
Meetings, Lower Hall for Aggregate Committee, and Great
Room for five Public Meetings 328 3 6
Hanover Square Rooms, — Public Meeting 10 10
338 13 6
By Conference, — Special Expenses of, —
Hire of Freemason's Hall, and Refreshments at ditto, for Fo-
reign Brethren, and other Members of Conference 631 3 2
Printing Agenda, Acta, and various other Documents ; also,
Tickets for Public Meetings of Conference, Posting Bills, &c... 186 13
Clerks, Officers, and other Assistance 36 1 4
By Conference, — Travelling Expenses of, —
Ministers attending, from Liverpool Division 300
From Glasgow Division 300
From Dublin Division 150
Foreign Brethren 52
3936 19 11
By Balance 8 -^ 2 6
£4761 2 5
For Supplemental Account, to Oct. 31st, see following pages.
Supplemental Account fi.
£ s. d.
To Balance, as per Account, to October 1st 824 2 6
To Contributions of London Division 33 7
Dublin Division 50
£907 9 6
£ s. d.
To Balance (31st October) brought forward 600 3 10
On account of the following debts and liabilities,
chargeable on the Provisional Fund : —
Digest of Proceedings at Conference, Prepara-
tion of £70
Printing ditto (not yet sent in)
Engrossing Votes of Conference to present to
Chairman, Secretaries, &c 53
Reporters at Conference (not yet settled)
Printing — complete Minutes of Conference,
Abstract of ditto, &c 79 1 4
Lithographing Autograph Signatures of Members
of Conference 130 10
Rent of Offices
Iber 1st to 31st, 1846. €l\