F. Carruthers (Francis Carruthers) Gould.

F. C. G.'s Froissart's modern chronicles, 1902 online

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eight hundred ninety and nine.

This agreement was right pleasant both to the
English and the Dutch, and great were the rejoicings
thereat in England and her dominions.

And great honour was given to all who had done
their devoir, fighting hardly and with great valiance
on both sides.


How King Edward, after that he had appointed a day for his Corona-
tion, fell grievously sick, and of his marvellous recovery from his

YE have heard herebefore how that King Edward
the Seventh of Great Britain and Ireland and
of all the Empire over the seas had decreed that he
should be crowned, with Queen Alexandra, on the
twenty-sixth day of the month of June. Great were
the preparations made therefor, and princes and nobles
of high degree, and people came from divers parts of
the world to London.

In every street where it was ordained that the
King and Queen would pass on the day appointed for
the Coronation, and on the day following, when the
intent of the King was to go in procession with great
state through London, there were set up arches richly
beseen, and banners, so that it was a pleasure to
behold. And on every side there were builded great
stages for the people who were minded to pay that
they might see the procession at their ease, and these
stages were so high that there was nothing that could

Sickness and Recovery of the King 49

be seen above them but only the sky and the spires
and towers of the churches.

And so great a rout of citizens was assembled in


the streets of London in this season that it was a
marvel to see, for they said one to the other, " This
is a business we are never like to behold again,
therefore let us make the most of it, for Kings and
Queens are not crowned every day."

But a two or three days before the day that had
been appointed for the Coronation there fell about
a right grievous thing, by the which the rejoicing
was of a sudden turned into mourning for a time.

For it fortuned evilly that the King fell sore sick
and betook himself to his bed, and the most skilled
chirurgeons in the land were summoned to the Palace
of Buckingham where he lay, and by reason of this
it was shewed to the people that in no wise could the
King be crowned as had been decreed on the twenty-
sixth day of June.

Right sorrowful were the people when this was
made known to them, for they feared that there was
no remedy for the King, and all the preparations and
festivities were made an end of.

But by the great skill of the physicians and
chirurgeons, and specially of Sir Frederick de Treves,
who was of great repute in curing the malady of which
the King suffered, it happily fortuned that he made

50 Froissart's Modern Chronicles

a marvellous recovery, to the great joy and thankful-
ness of all the people.

Hmv the King and Queen were afterwards crowned in the great
church of the Abbey of Westminster.

When the King had recovered of his sickness he
appointed a day again when he would be crowned
and sacred, and this was on the ninth day of August,
in the year of our Lord a thousand nine hundred and

And on that day King Edward and the Queen,
his wife, daughter of the King of Denmark, went to
the great church of the Abbey at Westminster, where
was assembled prelates and nobles of the realm, and
gentlemen of high estate, with their ladies all beseen
in rich apparel of fur and velvet. And all the nobles
and their wives carried with them their coronets in
their hands, for it was not seemly to wear them on
their heads until after that the King and Queen had
been rightly crowned.

I will now set myself to shew you all the solemni-
ties that were performed in the Church on that day.

There was firstly the procession of the Princes
and Princesses of the blood Royal with their pages
and trainbearers, and these were conducted to their
appointed places by the heralds.

The second procession was of the Royal guests,
and among these were the Grand Duke of Hesse

Crowning of the King and Queen 51

in Almaine, the Prince Henry of Almaine and his
Princess, the Crown Prince of Denmark, the Duke
and the Duchess of Sparta, Prince George and
Prince Andrew of Greece, and the Crown Prince
and Princess of Roumania, all of whom were related
in blood to the King or Queen.

The third procession was of the Prince and
Princess of Wales, the son and daughter-in-law of
King Edward.

Then there came into the Church the King's
chaplain, and the Dean and Canons of Westminster.
And among those who followed in order were the
King's Champion bearing the Standard of England,
and the four Knights of the Garter appointed to
assist in the anointing, wearing their mantles of blue
velvet, and the Archbishop of Canterbury and the
Archbishop of York richly apparelled in copes of
white damask broidered with gold.

Thereafter came Queen Alexandra, whose beauty
was right pleasant to behold, and she had on either
hand the Bishop of Oxford and the Bishop of
Norwich, and behind walked her Maids-of- Honour. I
trow that never before had been beholden so great
and marvellous beauty and magnificence.

Next there came the King in his crimson robe of
State, and wearing his Cap of Maintenance on his
head, and with him were the great nobles and officers

52 Froissart's Modern Chronicles

of State bearing the crowns, and the Orb, and the


(Coronation Records?)

Sceptres of the Cross and the Dove, and the Swords
of Justice and Mercy, and the Golden Spurs.

Crowning of the King and Queen 53

And there was great playing at the organ, and
all the assembly did reverence.

Then the King and Queen sat down on their


(From a Stained-glass Window?)

chairs in the Sanctuary, and the Archbishop of
Canterbury presented the King to the nobles and the
assembly. And they all acclaimed him with one voice,
and cried out, " God save King Edward the Seventh ! "

54 Froissart's Modern Chronicles

Then the Archbishop administered the Oath to
the King, and when this was made an end of the
Lord Chamberlain aided the King to strip off his


(From a Stained-glass Window^)

crimson robe and his Cap of Maintenance, and to
seat himself in the ancient Chair of Coronation, over
which was stretched a canopy of cloth of gold,

Crowning of the King and Queen 55

supported at the four corners, each by a noble
Knight of the Order of the Garter. These four


(Coronation Records?)

knights were the Earl de Spencer, the Earl of

Durdans, the Earl of Derby, and the Earl Cadogan.

Then the Archbishop of Canterbury and the

56 Froissart's Modern Chronicles

Dean of Westminster anointed the King with holy
oil from the sacred Ampulla.

Next the King had put upon him the priestly


(From a Stained-glass Window?)

vestments of the rochet and the super-tunic, and the
Sword of State, which the Lord de Londonderry
carried, was girded on his side, and the Orb, and

Crowning of the King and Queen 57

the Sceptres, and the Golden Spurs, and the Ring
were presented to him.

Then the Archbishop put the Crown upon the
King's head, and all the assembly cried again, " God
save the King ! " and the trumpeters blew upon their

And as soon as the King had been crowned,
incontinent all the nobles put their coronets upon
their heads and did homage. And when the organ
had been played again the assembly shouted, "God
save King Edward ! Long live King Edward ! May
the King live for ever ! "

When this had been accomplished the Archbishop
of York put the Crown upon the head of the Queen,
and all the wives of the nobles put their coronets on,
and it has been told me that some of them were
sore troubled how to do this so that the coronets
would remain and not fall to the ground, which would
have sore abashed them.

And when an end had been made of all the
solemnities and ceremonies of which I have spoken
the King and Queen departed back from the Church
to their Palace of Buckingham.

And there was great rejoicing among the people
that this business, though it had been so grievously
hindered for a time, was now so happily accom-


Of the journey that Sir Dickon Seddon made from Maoriland to
Africa, hmv he conversed with the lord de Kitchener, and hotv
he hastily departed from Africa and sailed to England.

NOW let us leave somewhat to speak of the
adventures of a certain Sir Dickon Seddon,
the which are a great marvel, as I shall shew you.
Now, Sir Dickon Seddon was of great puissance, by
reason of his pushfulness, in the island wherein he
dwelt, the name of which, as I have been informed,
is Maoriland. It lieth in an ocean on the other side
of the world, and belongeth to England, howbeit it
hath its own governance. And of this governance
Sir Dickon Seddon was chief. He was a knight of
great spirit, and had so great belief in himself that it
was a wonder to all men, for he would say to those
around him, " Things are not well with the realm of
England, nor will be until Sir Dickon ruleth the

When King Edward the Seventh made prepara-
tions for his crowning he caused invitations to be
sent to every part of the kingdom, even beyond the

The Journey of Sir Dickon Seddon 59

seas, bidding the chief men of every land to journey
to London that they might attend him at Westminster
on the day appointed for the Coronation.

Even had it not been so I trow that Sir Dickon


Seddon would have gone there, for he greatly desired
that he should not be overlooked. Of a truth he did
not journey straight to England, but caused the ship
in which he sailed to be steered first to Africa, being

60 Froissart's Modern Chronicles

minded to see how it fortuned that the war in that
country still continued, and had not been made an
end of.

"I will look into this business," quoth he, "for
meseemeth that the English are not bestirring them-
selves as they ought to do, and are not fighting
against these Dutch rebels as felly as I would have
them do. They are too pitiful ; let them entrust the
ordering of the war to me and to my Maoris, and
we will right speedily roll over the land and crush
these pestilent Dutchmen. By St. Jingo but I will
have no conditions for their surrendering themselves."

In this wise spake Sir Dickon Seddon, and he
sent messengers before him to Africa and to England,
saying, "Thus and thus hath Sir Dickon Seddon

Now you must know that in Maoriland they set
great store by sheep, the wool thereof they send
abroad for profit, and the meat they send to England
where it has been sold for Scottish mutton, as it has
been told to me.

Sir Dickon would have had those in England to
buy no other mutton but that which came from
Maoriland, saying, " Wherein is the profit of having
a Motherland if she buy not that which her children
have to sell ? "

So when Sir Dickon Seddon arrived in Africa

The Journey of Sir Dickon Seddon 61

incontinent he set out to journey up the country to
find the lord de Kitchener. And whensoever he


encountered any of the English army by the way he
demanded of them to know whether they had yet
made peace with the Dutch, charging them stoutly

62 Froissart's Modern Chronicles

that in no wise should they yield anything to their

"Wherefore should we sacrifice that which we
have striven so hard to gain ? " quoth he.


Then would he paint his face in the manner of
the men of Maoriland and dance a war-dance to give
countenance to the soldiers.

When Sir Dickon Seddon arrived at the place

Sir Dickon Seddon in Africa 63

where the lord de Kitchener was encamped with his
army he set himself to hold converse with him, and
when he found where his tent was within the camp,
he betook himself thitherward. Now the lord de


Kitchener was seated therein planning how he might
build more castles if it should fortune that the con-
ferences with the Dutch should be made an end of
without peace, and he was sore amazed when Sir
Dickon Seddon presented himself demanding to know

64 Froissart's Modern Chronicles

if he wanted more mutton from Maoriland for the

When the lord de Kitchener answered him nay,
Sir Dickon said that it rather behoved him to have
said Yea, seeing that it w r ould have gone hardly with
the Mother country if her children from Maoriland
had not made great sacrifices to save her from the
Dutch in Africa.

Moreover he charged the lord de Kitchener that
he should not entertain any terms with the Dutch
rebels without taking counsel with him, Sir Dickon.

Now what reply the lord de Kitchener made to
this I cannot of a surety tell, but it has been shewed
me that Sir Dickon Seddon made a sudden end of
speaking, and departed with great haste for his ship,
saying that he might well have deemed he was
anywhere but on English land.

Of the further marvellous adventures oj Sir Dickon Seddon, how he
counselled Sir Joseph de Birmingham and others in England,
and the end thereof.

Anon Sir Dickon Seddon continued on his viage
to England, for he held that the King could not
rightly be crowned if he were not there at the
appointed time. And when his ship had taken land
in England he hastened on shore and went straight-
way to London. Here he was received with great

Sir Dickon Seddon in England 65

honour, and the King sent to him horses and servants
richly apparelled in scarlet and gold, whereat Sir


Dickon Seddon was mightily pleased, saying to him-
self, " The King doth well to honour me in this wise,


66 Froissart's Modern Chronicles

for of a surety this realm could not continue without

And Sir Dickon Seddon rode to and fro in
England in state as though he had been a Prince,
telling the people everywhere what they should do if
they desired to prosper. Moreover he counselled
them that they should make haste to wake up and


see to it that no other mutton should be allowed to
be brought into the country save only that from

He spake in this wise also to Sir Joseph de
Birmingham, saying, " Thus and thus should the
Mother country do if she would continue in the love
of her children."

Sir Dickon Seddon in England 67

When Sir Dickon Seddon had thus spoken many
times Sir Joseph de Birmingham answered that it
behoved not children to teach their mothers the art
of obtaining nutriment either from eggs or mutton.

Sir Dickon* was sore vexed that they of the
governance in England gave so little heed to his
counsel, for he was full of marvellous opinions.
Howbeit he dissimuled the matter, avowing that he
would still continue to love the Mother country, and
when the King had been crowned, as I have here-
before shewed you, Sir Dickon Seddon journeyed
back to Maoriland across the seas.

And thereafter whatsoever thing was devised or
done in England, Sir Dickon Seddon would say, " Of
a surety this was done on the counsel that I gave to
Sir Joseph de Birmingham and others in England.


Hoiv my lord of Salisbury withdrew himself from the governance with
Sir Michael le Noir, and Sir Arthur de Balfour became the Captain
of the Blues, and how Austen de Birmingham ivas raised up and
Jesse de Callings was put aside.

IN the mean season, in the month of July in the
same year of our Lord a thousand nine hundred
and two, there fell about certain changes in the
governance of England, of which I will now speak.

My lord of Salisbury had been chief of the Blues
for a great space, as ye have heard before, but seeing
that he was now aged he greatly desired to be free
from the burdens of governance. Moreover he had
great love for Alchemy, in which he had so great
and marvellous skill that he could, whensoever he
willed, conjure up any images that he was minded
to see.

These visons of my lord of Salisbury were a
great marvel to the others of the chief men of the
Blues, and sore perplexed them, for they could never
be sure what strange images might cross his mind,

Of Changes in the Governance 69

or if what he might see would accord with their

But they durst not question him, for he would
gibe at and flout those who withstood him. Howbeit
he was greatly reputed for his wisdom in counsel,
and when it was bruited abroad that he was minded
to withdraw himself from the Captaincy of the Blues,


there were many who made murmuration, saying that
without my lord of Salisbury things would go ill
with the governance and the realm.

But he would not be persuaded from his intent,
and, the ship of the Blues being in a certain measure
at sea, he departed therefrom and went on shore and
so to Hatfield.

yo Froissart's Modern Chronicles

There was another of the chief men of the Blues,
Sir Michael le Noir, whose business it was to tax
the people and to gather in money for the Exchequer.
But so fast as ever he filled the bag, so quickly was
it ever emptied again, seeing that the war in Africa
was a marvellous expense, and moreover he had to





provide divers doles and to maintain the King's

Now you must know that Sir Michael le Noir
was sore vexed that he could not contrive to keep
any money in the Exchequer, and he was displeasant
to the other chiefs of the Blues when they demanded
anything of him out of the bag.

When Sir Michael knew that my lord of Salisbury

Of Changes in the Governance 71

was minded to leave the ship, incontinent he resolved
that he would go away with him, for he was weary
of the great waste made by the governance in the
seven years that they had ruled in England. So my
lord of Salisbury departed with Sir Michael le Noir
in a boat, and his nephew Sir Arthur de Balfour,
howbeit he was a commoner, was made the Captain
of the Blues.

And about the same time there fell about other
changes. Austen de Birmingham, who was the son
of Sir Joseph de Birmingham, was made chief over
a department and one of the King's counsellors,
whereat Sir Joseph and his people of Birmingham
were greatly pleased.

But truth it is, and it irks me to. tell, that Jesse
de Collings was put aside, though he also came from
Birmingham, which was a marvel that all men
wondered at, and he departed from the governance
and went back to dig in his three acres and to watch
over his cow.

Jesse de Collings was right sorrowful, as I have
been told, but Sir Joseph de Chamberlain recomforted
him, saying that he would one day make a lord
of him.


How the English and the Almains were contrarious one to the other,
and how the Emperor of Almaine came to England to visit his
uncle King Edward,

IN the month of November of this same year the
Emperor Wilhelm of Almaine, who was a nephew
of King Edward, came to England to the castle of
Sandringham in Norfolk, where his uncle was

Howbeit it is no marvel that there should be
natural affection between an uncle and a nephew, yet
I ween that when Emperors and Kings converse with
each other they are minded to hold treaty together
about the business of their realms.

Now you must know that the people of Almaine
were minded to be contrarious to the people of Eng-
land, because of the war in Africa, for they feigned
to love the Dutch, saying that England had done an
evil thing in warring against them.

This was sore displeasant to the English, and so it

fell about that there were disputations between the


The King's Guests 73

two peoples. The Alrnains said that the English had
done great felony in Africa in that they had brent,
exiled, robbed, wasted, and pilled the good plentiful
lands of the Transvaal and the Free State, by which
they were infamed.

And whensoever the English spake of the Almains
they were disdainous, saying, " Ah, Saint Jingo, how
these Almains are mounted in pride. They speak
discourteously of us but by envy of our greater glory."

This contrariousness on both sides was sore travail
both to King Edward and to the Emperor Wilhelm
of Almaine, and they set themselves to appease their

You may well believe that this was wise counsel,
seeing that the Emperor of Almaine had more men
of war a-land than the King of England, and the
King of England had more men of war on the sea
than the Emperor, so that though they could no more
prevail one against the other than an elephant and a
whale, yet if they were unied and in accord they
could defy all Europe.

So when King Edward sent messengers to his
nephew praying him with right courtesy and affection
to visit him in England, the Emperor Wilhelm hasted
to journey thitherward. And when he had made his
purveyance of presents for his uncle the King, and of
Red Eagles for the chief men of the English

74 Froissart's Modern Chronicles

governance, he embarked with his great white war-
horse, and many of his nobles and retainers, and sailed
from Almaine across the North Sea to England.

And when he had come a-land, where he was
received with great honour, incontinent he apparelled
himself as an English knight, and rode to Shorncliffe
to review some English men-at-arms, howbeit it rained
so fiercely that it was great marvel they were not all
washed into the sea. And after that he continued on
his viage until he came to the castle of Sandringham
in Norfolk, as I have herebefore shewed you.

Of the welcome that King Edward gave to the Emperor of Almaine^
and how they took their pleasures together at Sandringham.

You may well believe that King Edward received
his nephew the Emperor of Almaine joyously, for
greatly he loved him and made him good cheer, as
he was wont to do to all who visited him. Quoth he,
" Fair nephew, I greatly desire to shew you all love
and courtesy, and that you should have much joy of
your sojourn at Sandringham. I pray you, therefore,
to choose what pleasure or sport you will, and I will
accord thereto right gladly."

And the Emperor Wilhelm answered, " Fair uncle,
I take great joy in hunting and shooting, let us go
into the woods and see what game may be found there."

When it was thus shewn to the King what the

The King's Guests 75

Emperor was minded to do, incontinent he ordered
that a great company of men and boys should be
sent forward into the coverts to drive the birds
together to the place where the King and the
Emperor might shoot at them with their cross-bows.


In this wise there was killed so great a number
of faisans that it was a marvel to behold, besides
many conies and divers other savage creatures.

This the King and the Emperor and the Prince of
Wales did on some days, and on other days they would
ride a-hunting.

Froissart's Modern Chronicles

Now there were sojourning at the castle of Sand-
ringham at this time certain of the governance of
England, whom the King had bidden there, and
amongst these were Sir Arthur de Balfour, the lord
de Lansdowne, the lord de Londonderry, Sir Joseph
de Birmingham, and Sir John de Brodrick, and these
were bidden to ride with the King. But I trow that
Sir Arthur de Balfour and Sir Joseph de Birmingham
were much discomforted, for they loved not horses
and would rather have gone a-foot.

Ye may know of a surety that this business of the
King and his nephew was as I have set it down, and
none otherwise.

Howbeit it was bruited abroad that the Emperor
had come to England to make certain treaties. And
it has been told to me that it was a common jangle
to say, "What doth the Emperor Wilhelm think to
get, seeing that England hath no more Heligolands
to yield to Almaine."

When the Emperor W T ilhelm had made an end of
his visit to his uncle he thanked him greatly for his
entertainment, and took leave of him. And after he
departed and rode with his nobles to sojourn a two
or three days with the lord de Lonsdale, who was

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Online LibraryF. Carruthers (Francis Carruthers) GouldF. C. G.'s Froissart's modern chronicles, 1902 → online text (page 3 of 5)