F. Erlington (Francis Elrington) Ball.

A history of the County Dublin; the people, parishes and antiquities from the earliest times to the close of the eighteenth century (Volume 2) online

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a large farmer called Henry Walsh, two carmen, a brogue-maker,
and a weaver. A strong wooden bridge across the river Dodder
made communication with Dublin easy under ordinary circum-
stances, but on more than one occasion it was carried away by the
violence of the mountain torrents. The observant Dr. Gerald
Boate, in " Ireland's Natural History," dwells on the tendency of
the Dodder to rise suddenly, and says that although the bridge at
Rathfarnham was so high that a man on horseback could ride
under it, and the water was usually so shallow that a child could
wade through it, the river rose frequently to such a height that it
touched and even flowed over the bridge (i).



(' ) Carto Papers, vol. xxi., p. 3.S0 ; Survey of Baronies of Up|)er Cross and New-
castle, in Public Record Office ; Thorn's " Tracts relating to Ireland," vol. i., p.
55.



RATHFARNHAM AND ITS CASTLE.



127




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128 PARISH OF RATHFARNHAM.

At the time of tlie Restoration, Sir Adam Loftus had resumed
possession of the Castle, which was then rated as containing eigh-
teen hearths. His eldest son, Sir Arthur Loftus, had died shortly
before, but Sir Arthur's sons, Adahi and Robert, are mentioned
as resident with their grandfather. Amongst the other inhabi-
tants about that time were Mr. Matthew Penoix, Mr. George
Hopkins, Mr. William Denison, Mr. George Casborough, Mr.
"William Dixon, of the Old Orchard ; Mr. Anthony Poulter, of
Butterfield ; Mr. David Gibson, of Scholarstown ; Mr. Daniel
Reading, of Stoughton's Farm ; Mr. Laurence Hudson, of New-
town Little ; and Mr. Richard Greene, of the White House. After
Sir Adam Loftus's death his daughter-in-law. Lady Dorothy
Loftus, the widow of Sir Arthur Loftus, is returned as the occupier
of the Castle, and obtained in 1665, from the Master of the Ord-
nance six well-fixed firelock muskets for its protection. She died in
1668, having married, as her second husband, a member of the
Talbot family, and was succeeded by her eldest son (i).

Adam Loftus, who appears as owner of Rathfarnham Castle after
his mother's death, and who was raised to the joeerage as Baron
Loftus of Rathfarnham and Viscount Lisburne. was one of the
gallants of the gay court of Charles II. Soon after the Restora-
tion, when he was returned to the Irish Parliament as member
for the borough of Lismoi-e through the influence of his uncle, the
second Earl of Cork, he figures as the survivor in a duel with one
John Bromley, and only escaped from the sentence of the King's
Bench that he should be burned in the hand by the intervention
of the King. Some years later he appears as owner of an Irish
wolf-hound which he brought to fight with an English mastiff before
the Merry Monarch — an unfortunate passage, writes Viscount
Conway to Sir George Rawdon, whom he beseeches for the credit of
their country to find a better dog, as when the wolf-hound had
almost overcome the mastiff he ran away, and the King laid a
wager that there was not a dog of his breed that would not do the
same. Abroad at Saumur we find him dancing attendance on a
great lady of his day, and forming one of a colony of English
people who brought out from England for their amusement such
luxuries as a coach and six, a pack of hounds, and half a dozen
riding horses. He appeared in Ireland in 1672 with a commission
as Captain in the Army, seeking to raise 500 volunteers for the
Duke of Monmouth's regiment, and two years later, when he was
appointed Ranger of the Phoenix Park, he dated a letter (in which
he mentions a severe family affliction) from Rathfarnham.

(1) Hearth ^Money Roll ; Census of 1659 ; Will of Sir Arthur Loftus ; Orinoiide
Papers, vol. i., p. 323, i)ublishecl by Historical Manuscripts Commission.



RATHFARNHAM AND ITS CASTLE. 1*29



About this time there died a maiden daughter of Sir Adam
Loftus, Grizzel by name, from whom portion of the Rathfarnham
demesne derives its appellation of GrizzcTs Paddock. She mentions
m her will numerous relatives to whom she bequeaths various
remembrances, including her gold bodkin, her caudle cup and
chafing dish, her father's picture, her porcelain and china, and her
essence box with her arms; but, as a person of puritan sympathies,
she evidently viewed with disfavour her nephew's mode of life,
and refers to him with great reserve as Adam Loftus, Esq., of
Rathfarnham. Her minister, Mr. Isaac Smith, is far more
favoured, and, in addition to being bequeathed two' silver powder
boxes, is given a reversionary interest in the lease of the fai"m of
Woodtown, which she had been granted by her father. It was to
James II. that Adam Loftus ow-ed his creation, in 1686, as a peer,
but at the Revolution he espoused the cause of William III. In
the service of that monarch he lost his life. lie joined King
William's Irish Army as Colonel of a regiment of foot, and in that
capacity displayed heroic conduct at the taking of Carrickfergus
Fort, the Battle of Aughrim, and the Siege of Limerick. His
bravery thei'e was the cause of his death. Ho had directed his
tent to be pitched as near the walls of the city as possible in the
trenches, and when coming out of it one day in the month of
September, 1691, he was killed by a cannon ball — a messenger of
death wdiich was afterwards carefully gilded and hung" over tho
tomb of his family in St. Patrick's Cathedral, Dublin, where he
was interred (i).

By his wife Lucia, daughter of George, sixth Lord Chandos,
Viscount Lisburne had an only surviving child, a daughter, who'
bore her mother's name, and by this daughter's marriage a year
after her father's death, to Thomas, Marquis of Wharton, Rath-
farnham Castle became the property of the Wharton family. Of
l!h- ^larquis of Wharton, the gi'eatest rake and one of llie l)usiest
politicians of his day, and of his wife, who, tinder an affectation of
prudery, is said to have been equally uns<TU])ul()Us, Railifaiiiliani
Castle, which provided him, on an elevation in the peerage, with
tho title of Earl of Rathfaiiihani, saw little. lie filled for a time
the office of Lord Lieutenant, but four months' residence in Ireland



(' ) Hctiiiii ot Mi-inl)cr-s of I'arlianiciit : CalciulMr of Ciiilc I'aprrs iimlci- dalc.^
.\pril 2"), anri ()<f. -JT, lli(>:i: .Ian. 24, KICC. atul Maicli IT. lt)74 ; " 'I'lic Kawdoii
Papers," cditiil liy Hi'v IvlwanI ({cruick, p. ■_'.■{) ; Historical Maini.siripts Com-
missioii. Ki p(. \i.. \|>p.. pt. i.. p. 'M\H ■ Kepi, vii., .\p]>.. pf. ii., p. 78!); i^ojit. x.,
.\pp., i)t. v., p. Kil ; .Moiita^rii .Manuscripts, j). MM: Will of Ori/./.cl l.ofliis;
Lodgcrt Peerage, vol, vii., p. 2(i.'{ ; ('fd(')i(lur i)uinestie State I'api'rs.

K



130 PARISH OF RATHFARNHAM.



was all he thought the duties of his office required. His eldest
son, Philip, who was created Duke of Wharton, and who succeeded
his father in 1716, when only seventeen years of age, was even
more profligate, and within eight years of his coming into pos-
session of the property was obliged to sell a great portion of his
estates, including his estate at Rathfarnham. The latter com-
prised, beside the castle and demesne, a gi'eat extent of lands in
the parishes of Rathfarnham, Whitechurch, Cruagh, and Tallaght,
and after a report that it had been disposed of for £85,000 to
Viscount Chetwynd, it was sold for £62,000 to the Right Hon.
William Conolly, Speaker of the Irish House of Commons (}).

The village of Rathfarnham, which is said to have been in 1665
the birth-place of Robert Wilks, one of the most distinguished
actors of his day, whose father was attached to the Viceregal Court,
was at the close of the seventeenth, and for part of the eigh-
teenth century, a fashionable health resort. While Bishop of
Derry in the spring of 1697, the good Dr. William King retired
there, after a long illness, in order to escape the atmosphere and
bustle of Dublin, which he could not endure, and to spend his time
free from business and company in the open air ; and in the next
year that most erratic of men, John Dunton, the travelling book-
seller, while carrying on his scuffle with his Dublin brethren, some-
times took a ramble there to^ recruit himself in country scenes.
The curious signs and place names which appear in old leases
indicate the popularity of the place : the Sign of the Sun, the Black
Lion, the Flower Pot, the Booly or Cow AValk, Hanover Hall, the
Sally Park, the Spa Walk, the Roll of Tobacco, the White House,
the Coffee House, and the Stake Field, are to be found amongst
others. There is a tradition that some of Dean Swift's nublica-
tions issued from a printing press in the village, and a ballad
on the neighbouring Spa. at Templeoge published in 1730 pro-
fesses to have been printed at the Cherry Tree in Rathfarnham —
a name which is mentioned in a deed of the period. In the
spring of 1728 great rains prevailed, which resulted in the bridge
of Rathfarnham being broken down and part of the deer park wall
being carried away ; in the next year Rathfarnham was troubled
by an invasion of monster rats similar to those which appeared in
Merrion ; in 1730 Ambrose Kimberley was executed for the abduc-
tion of the daughter of Mr. Daniel Reading, of London, from the



(') "Dictionary of National Bio^rapliv." vol. Ix., pp. 410, 418; "Letters to
and from BishoT) Nicholson," vol. ii., p. 527 ; D' Alton's '' History of the County
Dublin," p. 787.



RATHFARNHAM AND ITS CASTLE.



131



house of her nurse at Rathfarnham ; aud in the suinnicr of 1740
au extraordinary shower of rain resembling bhiod in colour fell
there (i).

During the early part of the eighteenth century the handsome
mansion, what now forms the centre of the fine pile of buildings at
Rathfarnham occupied by the Loretto Convent, was erected, and
round it extensive gardens, orchards, and a deer park were laid
out. This mansion, which is approached by a high flight of steps
and is built of red brick, presents the appearance of a dwelling on




The Loretto Convent, Rathtarnhani.

From a Fhulo'jrujjh by llwimiii Musun.

which money has been lavishly expended, and the receptidii inniiis,
which display ornate ceilings, wide doors of shining mahogany, and
curious leather wall ))aper, are apartments of great magnificence.
Its builder was a gentleman nf much wealth, Mr. William Talliser,
the only son of the Archbishop of Cashel of that name, whose
memoi-y is pi-cserved in the " Hibliotheca Paliiscriana,'' which he
bequeathed to the Library of Trinity Coll(\ge. IMr. William Palliser,



{') ■■ l^iilitiiiary ot Xatiniial l)i(>;iia|)li\-," Mil. \\i.. |). •_':{(■>; \iil. l\i., )i. 2S(t ;
f'orrespori(l<'iic(^ of Arclihisliop Kinj; iiii<lcr .Manli ami .\|iiil, HiMT, in 'I'r-iiiity
Collcgt; r.,il)rary ; Dimloii's "Dublin Scnfllc," p. ;'.Ti ; Leases in l\cf;istry t)f
I>(;(-fls Office; " Ratiitaniiiam," hy Hcv. ('aiieii ('.m m .V' //' Inlnihl /I'rricw, vol.
xii., )). (i : llaliila\ 'I'laets, vol. it."), |)icsci\c(i in Itoyal Irish Aeailenix': Diihlin,
flfizd/i, M.uvl, :;u, ,,n'l .\pril !•, I Tl'S ; F/i/lnif I'lisl, .Ahiy H>. IT"-'!* ; Irisii l'ain|)iilels
in 'I'l-iiiity i'oWv^y lalnary. \ "I. v., IT. I T'_', IM. I s:! : I'lh'.s < >rr nrrc ik'is, vol.
.\.\,\vii., JS'o. 5").

IC -1



132



PARISH OF RATHFARNHAM.



■who was himself interested in scientific and literary pursuits, and
his wife enjoyed widei popularity; his recovery from serious ill-
ness in 1747 is announced as giving great joy to all his friends;
and by the death of his wife, a gentlewomau of exemplary piety
and virtue, and of a most benevolent and humane disposition, in
1762, her acquaintances are said to have lost an agreeable and
valued friend, and the poor a kind benefactress (i). Not far from
Mr. Palliser's house was the residence of the Worth family. This
had been originally occujoied by the Honble. William Worth, who




The Drawing Room in tlie Loretto Convent, Rattifarnham.

i'rom a PJiotograph hy Thomas Mason,

had a seat on the Bench as a Baron of the Exchequer in the
closing years of the reign of Charles II., and retained it for four
years after the accession of James II. Worth was on terms of inti-
macy with Lord Clarendon, and having followed that nobleman in
his tortuous proceedings during the Revolution, failed to obtain
reinstatement in his judicial position from William III. Ho took
to himself no less than four wives, through one of whom he



(') "Mrs. Ball, a Biography," by the Rev. William Hutch, p. <S() ; Leases in
Registry of Deeds Office ; Rocqiie's Map of the ("omity Dublin ; " Dictionary of
National Biography," vol. xliii., p. 117: Will of WiUiam Palliser ; Dublin Jour -
mil, 2060) ; Piles Occurrences, vol. lix.. No. 29.



RATHFARNHAM AND ITS CASTLE. 133



becaaue possessed of the intoiesting sixteenth century mansion
known as Old Bawn, near Tallaght. He was succeeded at Kath-
farnliaiu on his death in 1721 by his eldest son, while a younger
son, who took the name of Tynte. became the owner of Old Bawn.
His eldest son, Edward Worth, who died at Rathfarnhani in 1741,
and was buried with his father in St. Patrick's Cathedral, with
much funeral pomp, was bequeathed, in addition to the property
which ho inhei'ited, a considerable estate by his cousin, Dr. Worth,
whose library is presei'\'ed in Dr. Stevens's Hospital, and was
representative in Parliament for the borough of Knocktopher (i).

Adjoining Mr. Palliser's demesne was a house sometime occupied
by Mr. Robert O'Callaghan, an eminent lawyer, who nu^rried in
1735 one of the daughters of Mr. Edward Worth, a voung ladv of
great merit, as we are informed, who brought to her husband a.
fortune of £10,000. Mr. Robert O'Callaghan, who represented the
borough of Fethard in Parliament until shortly before his death
in 1761, was the eldest son of Mr. Cornelius O'Callaghan. one of
the most distinguished lawyers of his day, who became, through a
vounsfer son, an ancestor of the Viscounts Lismore. At O'Ca!-
laghan's house in Rathfaniham the Rev. Thomas Sheridan, 1 iie
friend of Swift, and grandfather of Richard Brinsley Sheridan, who
had been his schoolmaster, breathed his last, after uttering the
oracular words, " Let it blow east, west, north, (u- south, the im-
mortal soul will take its flight to the desired point." Soon after
Dr. Sheridan's death in 1738 Mr. O'Callaghan's house became the
residence of Mr. Balthazar John Cramer, who died in 1741, anil
whose son took the name of Coghill, and became a ])aroiiet, ami sub-
sequently of his widow, who was a daughter of the first Viscount
Lanesborough. Amongst other resident-s at Rathfarnhani ahont
that time we find the Recorder of Dublin, Haton Stannaid. > nc of
the executoi^ of Swift's will, who represented Midleton in Pai lia-
ment, and became Pi-ime Serjeant ; liicutcnant-ColoncI .lames
Fountain, of the Hon. Colonel Onslow's Regiment of Foot, who died
ill i7.'')r) at his house there ; jVlr. Jolm Ward, a brewer, whose house,
with well-stocked gardens, was to be sold in 17 1 I Ijy his widow; Mr.
Hiehard Oei riii" ; Aldeiniaii Thomas How, whose niece. Miss Marv



(*) " Some Notes on the Irisli .Iiidiciarv in 'lif n'i^'ii i>t Clinrlcs II." in .Ituntiiil
of the Cork Arrhnnloijirdl (Did II isfurinil Sor'ntij, ser ii., vol. viii.. [i. IS( ; Th,
Irish liuildcr for IS'.M. |)|). 'JoS. -J^I : Piti\t Ornirrvnrc.^, vol. xw.. \m. 17; \nl.
x.vwiii., .\o Wl: J)iih/i,i .Imirpal, .\n. Hill; |!in lili.icli^ ■ Miiiilum ,,\ Tarlia-
iiicrit for Kilkenny "



134



PARISH OF RATHFAENHAM.



Holmes, '' a most agreeable lady with .£20,000 fortune," married
in 1747 the Rev. John Palliser, the cousin and heir of INIr. William
Palliser ; Major Bowles, and Cajitain Adaans (i).

About the year 1742 the house known as Whitehall, and the
extraordinary cone-shaped tower encircled by a winding staircase
adjacent to it, which stand at the back of Rathfai'nham demesne,
near the road to Dundrum, were erected by a Major Hall, who pro-
bably modelled the tower long known as '' Hall's Barn " on a







y^'.




Whitehall, Rathfarnham, in 1795.

From a Plnfi in " The Sentimeninl und Masonic Magazine.'''

similar structure called " the Wonderful Barn," erected by the
Conollys about the same time near Castletown. The house, which
in the eighteenth centui-y was described as beautiful, and in which
a curious kitchen and panelled staircase are still to be seen, was
afterwards the residence of the Rev. Jeremy Walsh, the curate of
Dundrum, who married there in 1778 the widow of Thomas Eyre,



(») O'hc Irish Builder for 1894, pp. 208, 222 ; " Swift's Works," edited by Sir
Walter Seott. vol. ix,, p. 31.3 ; Pur\<t Occnrrrnccs, vol. xxxii.. No. 33 : vol. xxxv..
No. 72. vol. xxxvl.. No. 8; Di(hli» Journal. Xos. 1 ;").-). 1871. 203."), 2091, 2160,
2322, 2393 : Journal of tlw Cork Historical and Arcliaological Socirfi/, ser. ii.,
vol. ii., p. 323; "Memoirs of Mrs. Letitia Pilkington," vol iii., p. 114: Will of
Thomas How.



RATHFARNHAM AND ITS CASTLE.



135



sometime M.P. for the borough of Fore, and is mentioned as a well-
known place in the lists of carriage fares of that time (i).

Rathfavnhani Castle, which, owing to their possession of Castle-
town, had not been occupied by Speaker Conolly or his successoi",
was, about the year 1742, purchased by the Right Rev. John
IloatUv, who was at that time transhited from the Archbishopric
of Dulilin to that of Ai'magh. Dr. Hoadly, who was the brother
of the famous English Bishop of that name, was one of tlie gi*eat
political prelates, but did not find the promotion of the English
interest, which was the lu'st object with all of them, inconsistent




:■»»■ U Liie



"Hall's Barn" in i7«>,S.

From II I'lulc <lr(iini Jn/ /•'. .J iikm.

with exertions fur tlic inipi-ovement of agriculture. To this he
directed both his skill and his piuse, and lie was beloved l)v tlio
tenantry and landowners, amongst whom lie excited by his example
and judicious rewards a spirit of enudation and a strong desire to
become betto- fai-niers. In building, "' a,s. the most useful ;ind
rational method of sup[)orting the honest and industrious poor,"
ho gave much eniplovmeiit. On his promotion to the R(m^ of
Dublin in 1729 iVom that of Ferns, which he h.id |ircviouslv held,
ho had builtj au episcopal juansion at Tallaght in place of tlio



(') The SiniH)ii< tilal tiiitl Masanir Maqazi iii , \i>\. \ i., pi. i., |i. '.\ : .IoihikiI af

the Comitji Kildmc Arr/itro/ogini/ Surii///, \<il. ii., ji. ItT'i ; " l!,il IiImiiiIi.iim, ' liy

Rev. ('aiif)n Carr in AV?/' Irclanil Hi ri< ir. vni. \ii., p. ;{s ; II il,( niimi Miii/ir.iiw
for ITT^^. |i. '<'U' : I'ni's Orcdrn nn n. \i)l. Ii.. \m. (iO.



136 PARISH OF RATHFARNHAM.

ruined feudal castle which he had found there, and on coming into
possession of Rathfarnhain lie proceeded to lavish money on the
restoration of the Castle, which ho put into a state of thorough
repair and mado his home.

Hoadly did not long occupy Rathfariiham, his death taking place
there in 1746 from a fever said to have been contracted while super-
intending workmen in the demesne. His life had been one of
singular activity; in a letter to the Duke of Newcastle written a
few months before his death he states that for the eighteen years
and more which he had been in Ireland he had constantly, without
one failure, attended the King's service, and that for sixteen years
he had borne the burden of the administration in the Privy Council
and in the House of Lords, and, much against his will, had taken
a leading part in the management of the University. His wife, a
lady distinguished for her virtues and endowments, had died two^
years before, and the Archbishop's remains were laid with hers in
the quiet country church of Tallaght (}).

Rathfarnham Castle then passed to Mr. Bellingham Boyle, who
had married, in November, 1740, Archbishop Hoadly's only
daughter and child — a young lady who inherited her father's taste
for country pursuits. Dean Swift, who subsequently expressed
great disti'ess at hearing she had the smallpox, in one of his
delightful letters thanks her for a pig and a bowl of butter which
she had sent tO' him, and threatens to tell all the ladies of his
acquaintance that the sole daughter and child of his Grace of
Dublin is so mean as to descend to understand housewifery, and
to show her letter to every female scrawler in order that they
may spread about the town that her writing and sjjelling are
ungenteel and unfashionable, and more like a parson's than a
lady's. Bellingham Boyle, who- was nephew of Henry Boyle, then
Speaker of the House of Conimons, and afterwards Earl of
Shannon, and who represented Bandon in Parliament, jiroceeded,
after his marriage, to his LL.D. degree in Dublin University, be-
came a Governor of the Workhousei in room of Mr. Balthazar
Cramer, and a trustee of the linen manufacture, and on the recom-
mendation of his father-in-law and uncle was appointed a Com-
missioner of the Revenue.



(^) " Dictionary of National Jiio(;i'a})liy," vol. xxvii., ]). "21 : Riitisli Museum
Add. MS., 32707, f. 7!); iStuart's " Memoirs of Armagh," edited by Rev. Ambrose
Coleman, p. 38.5; Dublin Gazette, June 16, 1744; J)nhlin Journal, No. 2019.



BATHFARNHAM AND ITS CASTLE. 137

Boyle aucl his wife were prominent in the Dublin society of their
day, and William, fourth Duke of Devonshire, while Lord Lieu-
tenant of Ireland, recognised their high position in society by
dining with them at Rathfarnham when on his way to spend some
days at Powerscourt. An advertisement of property stolen in 1751
from the Castle of Rathfarnham sets forth at length descriptions
of various gorgeous articles of apparel, including a suit of clothes of
bloom colour, cross-barred and flowered with silver; another suit
of yellow colour, bi'ocaded with silver and colours ; a third suit of
lute string striped and brocaded on a white ground ; a grey
duchess night-gown; a velvet mantle of cherry colour lined with
white satin and bordered with ermine; and a piece of white satin
quilted for a petticoat, embroidered with vine leaves in shades of
green and brown stalks. In the midst of political intrigues, in
which ho is said to have been allied with the astute Philip Tisdal,
Boyle found time to sujjcrintend the farming of his demesne, and
sent in July, 1762, from Rathfarnham to the Dublin market tlio
earliest oats ever grown in Ireland. Five years later — a. few years
before his death — he disposed for £17,500 of the castle and
demesne (i).

The purchaser was Nicholas Loftus, second Earl of Ely, and the
Castle thus once more became the residence of a descendant of its
builder. He was the fourth in direct descent from the second son
of Sir Dudley Loftus, the eldest son of Archbishop Loftus, and
inherited Sir Dudley "s Wexford estate. Both his grandfather and
father had been prominent in public affairs; the former had been
created Baron Loftus of Loftus Hall and Viscount Loftus of Ely,
and the latter, after succeeding to those titles, had been promoted
to an earldom under the title of Earl of Ely. The question of the
mental capacity of the pui'chaser of Rathfarnham, as has been
already mentioned in connection with the history of Killiney Hill,
gave rise to a rnusi- nhhri' of the eighteenth century. His father,
the first Earl of Ely, luul nuu-ried in 1736 the elder daughter and
co-heiress of Sir Gustavus Hume, of the County Fermanagh. She
died four years later, leaving as the solo issue of tlu' niai-iiage
Nicholas, afterwards second Earl of Ely, and owner of Rallifai ii-
liain. Tlie cliild, who was two years old at, the (iine (if liis niotliei's
death, was then sent to live with his maternal grandmnl Iut, I.ady



(') " Works of Swift," o.lilc.l hy Sir \Valt(M- Seott, vol. wiii.. p. l'O'.I. v.. I. \i\..
p. 208 ; Bciiriftrs " History of liandoii," p. 'X\\ ; Doiioufrlniiore l*iipcrs piii)lislicil
i)y Historical .Marmscripts Comiiiissioii ; lluhtiii (-'nzdli, N'ov. 'Jil, ITlO; Ihdi/iii
Joiinitil, N'o. 2')\'.] ; Pm'.i Orrnrnticr.s, vol. xxxviii.. i\os. "I'i. ^u , Vol. xl., .Xo. It.
vol. lii.. No. ()-2, vol. lix., No. S'J, vol. Ixviii., No. 7(M»H.



138 PARISH OF RATHFARNHAM.

Hume, and remained under her care until her death, when ho was
twelve years old. He was then taken by his father to live with
him. His father led a dissipated life, and kejot the boy, who was
acknowledged to have been of delicate constitution from his birth,
in a state of the most complete subjection, treating him with the
greatest cruelty and neglect. Through his mother the boy, on


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Online LibraryF. Erlington (Francis Elrington) BallA history of the County Dublin; the people, parishes and antiquities from the earliest times to the close of the eighteenth century (Volume 2) → online text (page 13 of 16)