F. Erlington (Francis Elrington) Ball.

A history of the County Dublin; the people, parishes and antiquities from the earliest times to the close of the eighteenth century (Volume 2) online

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of scenery. The lands had been in the possession of his family from
the fourteenth century. At the time of the Anglo-Norman In-
vasion, as has been mentioned in the history of Booterstown, they
had formed portion of lands called Cnocro, or the Red Hill, which
were assigned to- Walter de Rideleford, Lord of Bray, but it was
probably under the name of Owenstown that the greater portion of
them came into possession of the Fitzwilliams of Dundrum about
the same time as the latter place. In the sixteenth centuiy the hill
of Owenstown was selected as the place of assembly for a hosting or
review of the levies of the Pale, and there, on at least one occasion,
the proprietors, who held their lands by military tenure, drew out
their followers in martial array. The fifth Viscount Fitzwilliam, who
liad found a wife — a daughter of Sir John Shelley, of Michelgrove, in
Sussex, the family to which the poet Shelley belonged — in England,
was a man of considerable ability, although of unattractive man-
ners. He was inspii'ed with an ardent desire to take an active
part in public life, and with that object, having conformed to the
Established Church, took his seat in 1710 in the Irish House of
liords. It was then his intention to make Ireland his home, and



MOUNT MERRION.



8B



as the Castle of i\Ierrioii had become iiniiihabitable, he commenced
the erecbion of Mount Merrion House as a covintiy seat. From that
time, for many years, with the exception of one session, he con-
tinued to attend assiduously in Parliament, and from references to
him in connection with a rivalry which existed between him and his
near neighbours, the Aliens of Stillorgan, it is evident that he was
one of the most prominent of the Irish peers in the politics of his
day (1).





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Richard, 5th Viscount; Fitzwilliam. Frances, wifefof gth Viscount Fitzwilliam.

Fnnii Pi)r(r(ill.^ prc.scrirtl ni lite I''it::wil(iaiu Jlusc/uit.

Amongst Fil/.w-illiam's friends was the learned and godd Arch-
bishop iif Dublin. William King, and on nioic lii.in one occasion thi>
Archbishop avaiUd himself of the calm and repose which INbumt
Merrion afforded for litcraiy woi'k. Al the time of Queen Anne's
dialli the Ai'chl)isliop was staying there and sei'king relief in tlie
revifcion of liis book, on 7'//' Innnfini/s nf M t n in the Wars/n/i tif
(lull, fi-oiii Ihc annoyance t(J which lu- was suljjeclcd as a snpporter
of I he succession of the llousoof llanovcr, and from his olhci- cues,
the non residence of the clergy, the want of rlmrchesand of money



Cj |).\li'.n'- ■ lli-l(;rv III the Cuiinly Itiililin," |i. 70| ; LocIl'c'-; l*ccnii.'c, vol.
iv., p. ."{lit; ■■ Dictioiiary of .National Hio^rapliy," vi>l. lii., |>. :'.! : " .Auloliio-
Uiapliy ami CorifspondciKU' of .Mary ( iiaiivillc, .\hs. |)(lany.' \ol. i., p. I'Ol; .loiir-
iials of till- Irish IIou.su of I.,onls ; ( 'o.xc's " Mciiiniis ot Sir itolicil Walpolc."

vni. ii., pp. :!.-,!!, :!(;•_'

G 2



84



PARISH OF TANEV.



to pay incumbents — as in the case of the neighbouring Church of
Stiilorgan — and, in a less degree, the management of the clioir
which then served both the I)ul)lin Cathedrals, and gave the Arch-
bishop and the Deans great ado to keep in (U'der. He was not long
left undisturbed however, for on the accession of George I. he was
appointed, with the Earl of Kildare, then staying with his brother-
in-law. Colonel Allen of Stillorgan, a Lord Justice. One of the
lirst uses which they made of their power was to obtain the admis-
sion of their hosts to the Privy Council board, with, in the case of
Lord Fitzwilliam, the further honour of appointment as Vice-
Admiral of the Province of Leinster (i).




Hon. William Fitzwilliam, 2nd son of Richard,
5th Viscount Fitzwilliam.

From II Ptirlraii. hi/ Tlioiiins Oniii-sborougJi pnnrrvcd in tlir FifziriUi'iin Museum.

At Mount Merrion the fifth Viscount Fitzwilliam's children, who
were baptized in St. Andrew's Church, Dublin, passed their early
life, and in a large picture preserved there his three sons are
depicted as boys playing in the grounds. The eldest, Richard, suc-
ceeded him ; the second, William, who appears to have been a man
of great social charm, passed his life in London, where he died at



(1) Plant's "History of the Church of Ireland," vol. ii.. pp. 271 "iTT: Arch-
l)ishop King's Correspondence preserved in Trinity CoUege Library ; Letter from
Archbishop King to Dr. Charlett in Ballard Manuscripts (10,794, f. 33), preserved in
the Bodleian.



MOUNT MERRION. 85



the close of the eighteenth century (i) ; and the third, John, who
made a most exti'aordinary disposition of his property, amounting
to £100,000, a great part of which ho k^ft to his servant, was a
distinguished officer, who attained to tlie rank of General, and re-
presented Windsor for some years in Parliament (-). Besides his
three sons, the Viscount had two daughters, of whom the elder
married first, Henry, ninth Earl of Pembroke, an alliance to which
the Earls of Pembroke owe their Irish estate, and secondly,
although accounted one of the proudest chimes of quality of her day,
a commoner. Major North Ludlow Bernard (^) ; and the younger
Hiarriod George, second Baron Carbery. About the year 172C),
when as an Irish peer he succeeded in obtaining a seat in the
English House of Commons as member for Fowey, in Cornwall, the
fifth Viscount Fitzwilliam went to reside permanently in England,
probably attracted thither by the wider field for a political life, and
possibly in some degree infiuenced by his wife's desire to live in
her own country. In England he became one of the mfdiirdiji' oi
the Princo of Wales, shortly afterwards to ascend the thrcnie as
George II., and his family became favourites at Court. His third
son, John, was appointed a page of honour, and his eldest daughter,
afterwards the Countess of Pembroke, a maid of honour, in which
capacity she is mentioned by Lady Hervey in describing ilu> ladies
of the Court under the guise of books, as a volume neatly bound
and well worth perusing, called Tin- had if x (jimli or tin Wlm/f A if
(if JJrt^ss. A few years later Lady Fitzwilliam, who was a Rdmaii
Catholic, separated from her husband and entered a convent abroad,
where she remained for twenty years, until after her husband's
death (-i).



(') Sec IctttTs tr-din the Umi. William l''itz\\iliiaiii to hllra/.cf l)a\y, Utitish
Museiiin. A.M. -MS., i'.i.i'tK 11. -22-45.

(^) See letter's t'loni (icni-ial tlir lluii. .lolin l''it/.\\ illiaiii ami Irttcr fidiii liiiliaiil.
sixth \'iscmnit Fit/.wiJliaiii (AiU\. .MS., :!-_'.SS<.t. f. L'-i:}) in the .Xeweastie Pa|)cis in
till- I'.ritish .Miiseimi ; " l.,etters <it lloiacc W'alpole," ( dited by I'eter Cuimiiij^hani,
vnl. iii., |j. I'li-J; \(|. i\., |). 20.") : " ( '()ircs|Miiitlciicc ol' .lujin. tonr'tli Duke of Hedt'iiid,"
eililtd l)V LmiiI .J(jIiii J'lUsseil, \ ol. ii.. |i. |0(i ; .Maiiiiscripls of .Mfs. h'iaiiklaii(i
JIusseil A.slley, ])]>. 2')V)-2')H,\1'.)'>. |)iil)lisli(i| liy Historieal .MaMiis(ri|its ( 'oiniuission.

(•■'J " Ll•tl(•^.-^ of lloraic Walpolc." cilitcil liy I'l'ItT ( 'iimiiipjliaiii, vol. ii., |)|). I SS,
270; " (_'orres|)oiii|i-n(i> df .lolm. fonilli |)iikcof IliMlfdiil," cilitcd liy Lord.lnlin
JlnHHcll, vol. ii., |i. |0."».

(■♦) Ketiirri of .Meirihers of Parliament : Mritisli .Museum. Add, AIS.. :{2.7<>7. f.
•JKC. : "Letters of Ileiuietta, Countess of Sullolk," vol. i.. |)|i. :fo7. :i22, :!2!t,
.'{lit. :{7(), vol. ii.. |i|i. !l. is, 2150 ; " .Memoirs of \'iscouritess Suinlon.' Ijy Mrs.
'I'lioriison, vol. i., |). 107: " Autol)ioj;r'a|>liy and ( 'orrcsiiondcncc of .Mary (Jrari-
viiie, .Mrs. Delaiiy," vol. i.. pji. 204, oHi; lliihlin .lumiKil, \o. 2,(>77.



86 PARISH OF TANEY.



Soon after the fifth Viscount Fitzwilliam had settled, in England
Mount Merrion House was let to. one of the Barons of the Irish
Exchequer, the Honorable John Wainwright, a judge who is remark-
able for having lost his life in discharging his official duties. He
was an Englishman promoted in 1732 direct from the Bar of that
country to the Irish Bench. In character he was discerning and
discreet, with an even temper, attractive nianners, and a most
tharitablo disposition, and although he was advised to let his
attempts at English verse cool, he was a scholar of no mean attain-
ments. His friends included many persons of note in that day —
Pelham Holies, Duke of Newcastle, whose schoolfellow he had been
at Westminster School, and in whose correspondence a number of
letters from Wainwright written in a fine bold hand are preserved ;
Mrs. Clayton, the confidential friend of Queen Caroline, whom he
styles his guardian angel ; Bishop Berkeley, whom he thought of
accompanying to the Bermudas, and by whom the inscription on a
monument which Wainwright erected in Chester Cathedral to his
father and grandfather, both Chancellors of that diocese, is com-
posed ; the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, the Duke of Dorset, who
was very civil and attentive to him ; the Lcnxl Lieutenant's Secre-
tary, Bubb Dodington, who sought his advice ; the unorthodox
Bishcjp Clayton, who was his constant companion ; and Dr. Stone,
afterwards Primate of Ireland, who was another old Westminster
boy. Not long after his arrival in Ireland Wainwright had narrowly
escaped being shot in his town h(niso in William Street by a Sheriff's
officer, and was only sjiared to fail a victim to the famine fever of
1741, which he contracted while on the spring circuit in the crowded
courts of Munster, where the pestilence raged with especial severity.
He was hurried up to Mount Merrion House, but died there a few
days later, when only fifty-two years of age, his body being taken
to Chester, where it was received with marks of the most extra-
ordinary respect, for interment beside his father's in Holy
Trinity Church (i).

Almost immediately after Wainwright's death Mount Merrion
was taken by the Lord Chancellor, Robert Jocelyn, who two years
later was raised to the joeerage as Baron NewjDort of Newport, in
the County of Tipperary, a place in which he had acquired consider-
able property. Of Jocelyn's early history something has been

(^) Put's Occurrences, vol. xxix., Nos. 48, 71 ; vol. xxx., No. 44 : vol. xxxviii.,
Nos. 30, 31 ; Ihihlin Journal, No. 155; Letters from Baron Wainwright in New-
castle Papers in British ]\Iuscnin ; Foster's " Alumni Oxonienses '" ; " Memoirs of
Viscountess Sundon," by I\lrs. Thomson ; Welch's " Scholars of Westminster " ;
Fraser's " Life of Berkeley," p. 215 ; Ormerod's " History of Cheshire," vol. i..
p. 244; "Autobiography and Correspondence of Alary (Jranville. Mrs. Delany,"
vol. i., p. 403 ; "Memoirs of Mrs. Letitia Pilkington,"" vol. i., p. 73.



MOUNT MERRION.



87







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PARISH OF TANEY.



already told in connection with his residence at Donnybrook. For
seventeen years he occupied the woolsack, earning amongst his con-
temporaries the reputation of being a great and good Chancellor.
During the protracted absences of the Lords Lieutenants Jocelyn
acted invariably as one of the Lord Justices, who, owing to the difii-
culty of communication, were the real rulers of Ireland while in
office, and were treated with all the state and ceremony accorded to
the Viceroy. He was much interested in historical research and
L'ish antiquities, and for a time filled the President's chair of the




Robert, Viscount Jocelyn, Lord Chancellor
of Ireland.

From ail Engrcning piihlislial htj T. Jcfjerys.

" Physico-Historical Society," which numbered amongst its active
members, Dr. Samuel Madden, the philanthropist; Thomas Prior,
the founder of the Dublin Society ; the curious Dr. Rutty ; John
Lodge, of genealogical fame ; Charles Smith, the county historian,
who speaks in the preface to his " History of Kerry '' of Jocelyn's
noble collection of manuscripts relative to Ireland; and Walter
Harris, the editor of Ware's works, to whom Jocelyn was a most
generous patron, and who left Jocelyn, " out of perfect gi'atitude,"
all his papers to dispose of at his discretion (i).



(^) Lodge's Peerage, vol. iii.. p. 2(59; Harris's "Life of Lord Chancellor Hanl-
wieke," vol. iii., p. 109 ; " Dictionary of Xational Biography," vol. xxix., p. 399 ;
" Liber Muneruiu " ; Minute Book of Physico-Historieal Society, preserved in the
Royal Irish Academy : " ^leinoirs and Letters of Ulick, Marquis of Clanricarde "
{Lon., 17.")7) p. xix. ; Will of Walter Harris.



MOUNf MERRION. 89



To Mouut Merrion, whenever official duties permitted, it was
Jocelyn's delight to retire from his mansion in St. Stephen's Green,
and in his rural retreat he contrived tO' spend no small portion of
his time. There, attended by his friend and chaplain. Dr. jMann,
afterwards Bishop of Cork, who i-esided constantly with him, and
by his favourite sei^vant, Mr. Wilde, his house steward, it was to
J(Tcelyn the most agreeable relaxation tO' pass the day overseeing
the haymakers or watching his horses, his cattle, and his dogs, as
they wandered over the wide pastures. Lord Fitzwilliam must
have found him an improving tenant; when a well was being sunk
in the demesne. Lady Newport wrote tO' him that if the moles, as he
called the workmen, failed to find water it would not be the first
money thrown away ; and after Jocelyn's death, when Mount
^lerrion was surrendered to its owner, difficulty was found in
dividing his property from that of Lord Fitzwilliam. At Mount
]\Ierrion on Sunday evening Jocelyn kept open house for his friends
— his Sunday Club, as it was named by him — chief amongst those
thus received being Henry Singleton, Chief Justice of the Common
Pleas, one of the first lawyers of his day ; John Bowes, Chief Baron
of the Exchequer, who succeeded Jocelyn as Chancellor, and was
I'emarkable for his ox'atorical powers ; Richard Mountney, no less
distinguished as a scholar than as a. Baron of the Exchequer ; and
William Yorke, one of the puisne judges, and afterwards Single-
ton's successor as Chief of the Common Pleas, who was a kinsman
of Jocelyn's early friend, Lord Chancellor Hardwicke. Besides
these, Robert Downes, Bishop of Ferns and Leighlin, was a con-
stant guest, and Lord Harrington, while Lord Lieutenant, on at
least one occasion stayed at Mount Merrion (i).

While living at Mount Meirion in 1748 Jocelyn had the
misfortune to lose his first wife, the sister-in-law of Bishop
Goodwyn, a truly amiable and charitable lady, who was interred in
Irishtown Church, of which Dr. Mann was then the chaplain.
His only son, aftei-wards the first Earl of Rodcn, wIki. in the words
of Mrs. Dclany, was " a very pretty man," and all a father could
desire, and who, as part owner of a pack of hounds which was
kennelled at Kilgobbin, enjoyed much popularity, was mairied sonic
years later in. 1752 to a daughter of Lord Limerick, afterwards Karl
of ('lan])rassil, a lady who was tluMi supposed to liav.' no great.
|)iiiliiin, luit^ who cvcntnally l)rought to hci- cliildrcn a large estate.

(I) Loril KodiMi's I'apcrs in tin I'lil.lir I'oc.kI Ollin- ; " 1 )iit i.mai v ■>t' \al iniml
liioi^r pliy." vol. vi . p. .')H. Mil. .\.\.\i.\.. ]>. lMo.



90 PARISH OF TANEY.



After his son's marriage, Jocelyn took to himself a second wife, the
handsome widow of the Earl of Rosse, of facetious fame, who, on his
death-bed, caused a letter of good advice from his rector to bo
re-directed and sent to one of the most ujDright noblemen of his
day. This alliance Mrs. Delany considered in every way calculated
to put the Chancellor in good humour. He continued to make
Mount Merrion his home; in 1754 he joined in the fund to repair
tlio neighbouring Church of Stillorgan, and in July of the next
year he entertained there the Lord Lieutenant, the fourth Duke of
Devonshire. A few months later he^ was raised to the dignity of
a Viscounty as Viscounti Jocelyn, but only lived a short ti]ne to
enjoy this honour and his domestic felicity, as the gout, tO' which
ho had long been subject, assumed a more acute form, and having
gone to London for medical advice, he died there in December, 1756,
in the sixty-eighth year of his age, as recorded on a monument to his
memory in Sawbridgeworth Church, in Hertfordshire, where he was
buried with his ancestors (l). '-

Mount Merrion House was now once more in the hands of its
owner. The fifth Viscount Fitzwilliam, who had never returned to
Ireland, had died in 1743 in Surrey, and had been succeeded by his
eldest son, Richard, sixth Viscount Fitzwilliam. The latter had
served in the army under his brother-in-law, the Earl of Pembroke,
and although not on friendly terms with his father, is spoken of by
Lord Chesterfield as an unexceptionable person. During his
father's lifetime he had succeeded him in the office of Vice-Admiral
of Leinster, and after his death he was made a Knight of the Bath
and appointed a Privy Councillor. He married a daughter of a
Dutch merchant, Sir Matthew Decker, Bart., who is best known
as having feasted George I. on a pine apple (-) in his grand
house in Richmond Green, and for his piety and benevolence,
which were so great that a foolish scion of a noble house is related
to have been persuaded by some wag that Decker was the author of
St. Matthew's Gospel, and to have left him a large legacy on account



(1) Blacker's Sketches, pp. 75, 280, 283; Brady's "Records of Cork," vol. iii..
p. 8(>; " Autobiography and Correspondence of Mary Granville, Mrs. Delany," vol.
ii., p. 53"); vol. iii., pp. 178, 311; O'Flanagan's "Lives of the Ciiancellnrs of
Ireland," vol. ii., p. 78 ; Letters in the Newcastle Papers in the British Museiun ;
Diihlin Chronicle, 1787-1788, p. 2-4(5 ; Duhlin Gazette, No. 3!J8 ; Pues Ocmirrences,
vol. Iii., No. 60; Harris's "Life of Lord Chancellor Hardvvicke," vol. ii.. p. .'id;
vol. iii., p. 107; Chitterbuck's "History of Hertfordshire," vol. iii., ji. 21 S.

('-) A picture of this jjine apple painted by H. Watkins and dated I72(), hangs
in the Fitzwilliam Museum at Cambridge ; underneath is the following iiist'iijjtion :
" Perenni Memoiia^ Mattluei Decker Baronetti et Theordoii Xetscher Armiireri
strobilus hie regio convivio dignatus istius iinjjcnsis Richmondia> crevit hujus arte
etiamnuiu crescere vidctiir."



MOUNT MERRION.



91



of that excellent work. Altliougli not forgetful " that property has
its duties as well as its rights," the sixth Viscount Fitzwilliam was
for many years returned as one of the absentees from Ireland, and
it was not until the close of his life that ho formed an intention of
occupying ]\Iount Merrion, which on more than- one occasion had








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Catherine, >^ife of 0th Viscount Pitzwilliam. Richard, 0th Viscount Fitzwilliam.

Fio)u I'oilidH-s hi/ I'liiicc Home preserved in the Fitzwilliam Mu.ieiiiii.

been suggested as a country residence f(n- the Lord Lieutenant.
Then, possibly attracted by the beauty of the place, which had
excited the adiniiatioii of Bishop Pococko and of a friend of Horace
Walpole, and had lucii (-xtolled by a poetical wiitiT to the dispai'age-
)nent of Richmond, wdierc the sixth Viscount had found a homo in
his fatlu r-iii-law^'s lious(\ Ik^ began to^ nuike alterations at Mount
Merrion, including the building of the fi'ont. of the house, which
docs little credit to the Irish workmen wiiom al(jm> he employed,
ami the construction of the avenue to Mount Anville and of the
present deer park, and there in 177(1 lie died (').



(1) Cokayne's " Coiiiplcli' P(>cra<,'(%" vol. iii.. |). ."{SJ ; Urilisli .Aluseiiin. Add.
M.S., 24,1.37. ]). 11!>: "Dictionary of National IJioLriapliy,"" vol. \iv.. p. •J(i(i ;
" Ix'ttcrs of III iiiK till, ("ountt'ss of SiifTolk," vol. !., \>. ■_".>.'{: " Lilicis of Horace
Walpok'," cdilcd l.y J'ctcr ('imniti<;liam, vol. i., |)|). :{o|, ;{(i:{; vol. \iii., j,. ,r,S ;
I'lii'-s Orrurrciicex, vol. I\i\., .\o.s. ().").")."). ()r>7<> : \i>\. \\\.. .\o. (iCi'.Ki ; I'ococko's
" 'I'our in Ireland," ciiii-d l,y j'rotcssor <•. T. Stokes, p. |(i:t ; Historical Alaiui-
scrifits CoMiniissioii, IIi purt S, .\p|)., pi. ii.. p. Ill;" l'li<iiii\ j'.irk, a pocin l)y the
AiilliMi 111 Kiljarncy " ( Lon. I77-); Fn ' mmi's .hniriKil. \o|. \:i., .\(,. | ; h'.r.t'h/iir'.^
Mii(/ii.i.ni lor 177l>, ]). 'Mi.



92 PARISH OF TANEY.



Mount Merrion House was then again let, and after having been
occupied for a time by Mr. Peter La Touche, M.P. for the County
Leitrim, it was taken by the Right Hon. John Fitzgibbon, then
Attorney-General for Ireland, and afterwards Lord Chancellor, with
the well-known title of Lord Clare, on his marriage to the sister
of the renowned Jerusalem Whaley — a lady no less distinguished
for her beauty, which attracted the attention of George IV.,
then Prince of Wales, than for her qualities of heart. Fitzgibbon 's
appointment to the custody of the Great Seal in 1789 was,
on the ground of his being an Irishman, the occasion of great
rejoicings, and addresses and freedoms of cities were showered upon
him. His position gave occasion for the stately magnificence which
was congenial to his character. Preparations for the celebration of
the Prince of Wales's birthday at Mount Merrion were made in
the most superb style, and great dinners and balls, at which the
Lord Lieutenant was a constant guest, were given by FitzGibbon and
his wife. On his appointment as a Lord Justice his nephew was
appointed as his Aide-de-Cami), and when visiting Limerick he was
received with a guard of soldiers and general illuminations, and
offered to knight the Mayor and Sheriffs. One of his possessions,
which attracted much observation, was his statei coach, which
is now preserved in the National Museum of Ireland — a vehicle
unparalleled for its splendour. Crowds flocked to see it as it lay in
Fitzgibbon's stables in Baggot Street, at the back of his town house
in Ely Place, where it was freely shown to all, the servants being-
forbidden toi accept any gratuity for its exhibition. The panels are
decorated with paintings executed by William Hamilton, a Royal
Academician, at a fee of 500 guineas, and the total cost of the coach,
which was built in London, is stated to have been 2,000 guineas (i).

About the year 1793, when Fitzgibbon leased Blackrock House,
Mount MeiTion was again in the hands of its owners, Richard,
seventh Viscount Fitzwilliam, who had succeeded to the titles in
1776 on his fathers death. As founder of the Fitzwilliam Museum
at Cambridge, he is the best known member of his family. This
jirincely gift to his alma mater, with which a romantic story has
been connected of an unsuccessful attachment for a Cambridge lady,
formed while he was a student in the quiet courts of Trinity Hall,



(1) Dublin Almanacs; Burke's "Landed Gentry," edition 1847. )>. •')n4 ;
O'Flanagan's " Lives of the Lord Chancellors of Ireland," vol. ii., p. llt.j ; " Auck-
land Coirespondence," vol. ii., p. 231 ; Hiher/iian Magazine for 1789, pp. 394,
449 ; and 1794, p. 193 ; " Tiie Mirror," and "The Pronienade or Theatre of Beauty,"
preserved in the Halidav Paniplilets (vols. .538, "rl) in Roval Irish Academv ;
DahUn Chronirh: 17S8-i7S9. p. 4(i4 : 17S9-1790, pp. 184, 904"; 1790-1791. j)p. (l."),
310, 480, 49t), 544, ofiO, (548 ; 1791-179-2, p. 521.



MOUNT MERRION.



93



and of uudying affection for tlie place — a story to which his continu-
ance in the single state lends some probability — was one of almost
unexampled munificence, including, as it did, both his vast collec-
tions of rare books and pictures, and a bequest of £100,000 for the
erection and endowment of a museum. During part of liis life ho
courted privacy, but he represented for a rxumber of years, through
the influence of his cousin, the Earl of Pembroke, the borough of
Wilton in the English Parliament, and had the reputation of being
nut only a man of enlarged and liberal mind, but also of being one
of a kind and compassionate disposition, who was easy of access to
all. His home was at Richmond, in Sir Matthew Decker's house,




Richard, 7th Viscount Fitzwilliam.

From fi Portrait hij Xalh'niid Hone preserved in the Fitr.irilliiuii Museum


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Online LibraryF. Erlington (Francis Elrington) BallA history of the County Dublin; the people, parishes and antiquities from the earliest times to the close of the eighteenth century (Volume 2) → online text (page 9 of 16)