young trees often crooked.
Fruit, medium, to large ; form, roundish, flattened, and often
angular ; color, dull green, overspread with brownish yellow russet,
occasionally a faint blush on the sunny side ; stem, slender ; cavitij,
medium ; calyx, closed ; basin, round, moderate depth ; flesh, green-
ish white, moderately juicy, mild, sub-acid; core, compact; seeds,
ovate, defective. Season, January to June.
Wolman's Harvest, | Woolman's Harvest,
This variety is not valuable for market purposes, but its juicy,
sprightly sub-acid character makes it very desirable for the dessert.
Tree, a slow grower, diverging â€” shcJots downy ; requires rich, strong
soil, lime and phosphates to perfect the fruit, or keep the tree healthy.
Moderate, regular bearer.
Fruit, medium, or rather small ; form, roundish, sometimes flat-
tened ; color, rich glossy yellow, blotched and streaked with red ;
stem, varying from stout to slender, short ; caviti/, shallow ; cÂ«7y.r,
partially closed ; basin, round, slightly furrowed ; flesh, white, tender
crisp, juicy, sprightly ; core^ medium ; seeds^ ovate. Season, last of
July and August.
American, " produced by the Dutch settlers, on the Hudson ; its
name in low Dutch meanino; heavy." On all warm, rich, sandy soils
it is one of the very finest fruits, and a good keeper. On cold clayey
grounds it does not succeed well, as a general thing ; the past year,
however, we have received of it gro\^^l on clay loam, limestone sub-
soil, equalling or surpassing any ever grown on sand. On the rich
prairie soils of the west, it is said to succeed^ proving a good bearer
Fruit, medium, to large ; form, roundish, slightly ribbed or un-
equal on its surface and often a little angular ; color, greenish yel-
low at first, becoming a dull rich yellow, dotted with distinct brown
specks, sometimes marbled with gray russet on the side and round
the stem, and often tinged with dull red ; stem, slender ; cavity round,
deep; calyx, small, half closed, hasin, shallow, somewhat plaited;
fiesh, yellowish, fine grained, juicy, tender, spicy aromatic perfume ;
core, small, to medium ; seeds, broad, ovate. Season, January to
WORTHY GENERAL CULTIVATION.
Early Sweet Bough,
Large Yellow Bough,
American. First described by Coxe as Bough ; we add, Sweet, as
expressive of its character. Valued as a dessert fruit. Young
shoots, yellowish, somewhat irregular, ascending. Tree, a moderate',
annual bearer, succeeding in all good soils not wet.
Fruit, large, (our figure hardly medium ;) form, roundish, conical,
ovate ; color, greenish, becoming pale yellow when fully ripe ; stem,
varying in length ; caviti/, deep ; cal^/x, open ; basin, narrow, deep ;
Jlesh, white, tender, crisp, sprightly, sweet ; core, medium, open cap-
sules ; seeds, ovate, light brown. Season, August.
This variety, according to Downing and Thomas, is the " English
Sweeting ;" but according to Mr. Manning, the " English Sweeting"
is the " Ramsdell's Sweeting." of Downing, (See Hovey's Mag. vol.
â€¢.\ page 150.") This variety is extensively grown in central Ohio,
and farther west, suiting well the rich soils ; keeping finely all win-
ter ; highly valued for baking or eating.
Fruit medium size or often above; form, roundish, slight-
ly angular ; color, dull red, rough russet dots and bluish
bloom ; stem, long, slender ; caviti/, deep wide and open ; calyx,
woolly ; basin, medium ; flesh, yellowish, tender, moderately juicy,
sweet ; core, medium, with outer or consecutive lines ; seeds, ovate,
pyriform, dark browii. Season, December to March.
Tallman's Sweeting, J Tolman's Sweeting,
Brown's Golden Sweet.
American. Native of Rhode Island ; its name from a family by
name of Talman. Its value is for baking and stock feeding. Tree,
great bearer, fruit keeping well ; growth rapid, upright, strong, wood
Fruit, medium ; form, roundish, slightly conical ; color, light yel-
low, with a greenish line from stem to apex; stem,. long, slender;
cavity, wide, regular; calyx, medium ; basin, moderate depth, fur-
WORTHY GENERAL CULTIVATION.
rowed ; fiesh^ white, firm, very sweet ; core, medium ; se^ds. light
brown, ovate pointed. Season, N^wember to April.
A Russian variety. Trees, very stout and upright growth ; leaves
large, broad, light green, peculiar ; regular annual bearer ; in quali
itj about with Red Astrachan, but maturing some ten days or two
weeks earlier ; very valuable for cooking or marketing ; a gross
feeder, requiring good soil ; needs little pruning. Our figure does
not well represent it, being far too small for an average.
Fruit, medium ; form, roundish, slightly conical ; color, light yel-
low ground, striped and splashed with red, and a beautiful w^hite
bloom ; stem, short, stout ; cavity, deep, farrowed ; calyx, rather
large, long segments ; basin, abrupt, deep, irregular, furrowed ; Jiesh,
white, tender, sprightly, juicy, slightly acid, or sharp subacid, with
a peculiar aromatic taste ; core, small, fleshy ; seeds, plump, light
^^''own. Season, last of July.
Sweet Nonsuch, | Orange Sweet, erroneously^
This is a variety introduced to the Ohio Pomological Society by
W. B. Lipsey, of Morrow County, Ohio. We have not been able
to identify it with any variety heretofore described. The flesh being
fine grained and firm â€” somewhat like the Gilpin or Romanite â€” prob-
ably induced the name. It is grown in Illinois, under name of
" Sweet Nonsuch," and introduced there under the erroneous name
of " Orange Sweet." Tree, hardy, moderate but regular bearer.
Size, medium ; form, roundish flattened, very regular ; color,
greenish yellow ground, mostly striped and overspread with bright
red and covered with a fine bloom ; stem, short ; cavity, open, regu-
lar, with little russet ; calyx, large, segments in divisions, short, half
erect ; hasin, broad, shallow, furrowed ; flesh, greenish yellow, firm.
WORTHY GENERAL CULTIVATION.
crisp, juicy, sweet â€” superior to Ramsdell's or Danvers' Sweetino- ;
core, medium, or rather small, compact â€” centre slightly hollow *
seeds, ovate, oblong, pyriform. Season, November to March.
There is another Sweet Romanite grown in the Western States,
which is oblong ; stem, long and slender ; color, light yellow, striped
with red ; Jlesh, more yellow and dry â€” an inlerior or unworthy
There is also a Sweet Nonsuch grown which is flat, with slender
stem ; cavity, deep light red on pale yellow ; flesh, white, sweet, dry,
and tough ; inferior. ^
Vandervere, of Cincinnati,
Gibbon's Smathhouse ?
Spiced Ox Eye,
Baltimore, of some incorrectly^
Gibbon's Smokehouse ?
Striped Ashmore ?
American. Native of Delaware. There is much confusion rela-
tive to this apple, and, while it is extensively distributed and grown,
it has numerous synonyms. The variety described as " Smoke-
house," by Dr. W. D. Brinckle, in Horticulturist, vol. 3, p. 834, we
received specimens of, last winter, from Pennsylvania, and could do
tect no difference from the Vanderven when well grown. It may,
however, be distinct. The tree is a free grower, productive, and
early bearer. Grown on soils deficient in lime, like many of our
western bottoms, and some of prairie; it has always m^re or less
of dry bitter rot, but, when supplied with lime, the rot disappears,
and the fruit increases in size and improves in quality ; needs good
culture. Grown North, it is smaller in size and much more conical,
and less highly colored than South. Young shoots spotted.
Fruity from medium to large ; form^ round flattened, sometimes
angular ; color^ orange yellow, striped and stained with yellow red,
few streaks of deeper red when grown exposed to sun, dotted at in-
tervals of a quarter to half inch with large yellow russet specks ;
when grown North, these specks are more of gray and much smaller,
often russeted about the stem ; stem^ projecting about even with
surrounding surface; cavity^ deep, open, regular; calyx^ with small
segments ; hasin, open, broad, sometimes slight waves or furrows ;
fleshy yellowish white, crisp, tender, sprightly, mild sub-acid ; core^
round, compact ; seeds, large, ovate pyriform. Season, December to
American. " Origin, Penn Yan, Yates County, N. Y. ; seed sown
in 1791. Tree, thrifty; young shoots, pale green; old wood, dark
red, requires free trimming in order to produce large sized fruit
abundant^' ', annual bearer."
WORTHY GENERAL CULTIVATION.
Fruity medium ; form, roundish, flattened, slightly ribbed at base ;
color, yellow ground, mostly covered with deep glossy red, with
stripes and splashes of light red, and marked with irregular light
russet specks ; stem, slender ; cavity, wide, deep ; calyx, small ; 6a-
sin, broad and open ; Jlesh, yellowish white, tine grained, crisp,
juicy, sprightly, vinous, sub-acid ; core, small, oblong ovate ; seeds^
light brown, ovate pyriform. Season, November to March, but will
keep to May.
CJonnecticut Seek-no-furthiT, | Seek-no-further.
Red Wint-r I'caniiiiin, nf sonie.
An old variety from Connecticut. For all qualities of tree and
fruit has no superior. Very popuhir in its native State, all South
and West. Grown in rich loamy alluvial soils of the South, it is
much russeted, and about the stem the russet has appearance of rich
bronze ; progressing northward, it grtidually loses its russet, until on
light sandy soils in Michigan, it becomes a pale yellow ground, with
stripes and splashes of clear red and minute dots.
Fruit, medium ; form, regular, roundish, conicalâ€” Abroad at base ;
color, light yellow ground, the sunny side striped and splashed with
red, small russet dots shaded around with light russet yellow; often
considerable russet about both stem and calyx ; sttm, long, slender ;
cavity, open, regular; calyx,\sua.\\y small, closed, sometimes open,
with short segments ; basin, regular form, moderate depth ; Jlesh
yellowish, tender, sub-acid, pearmain flavor j core, medium ; seeds
ovate. Season, December to February.
American. Native of New-Jersey. First described by Coxe, from
whose nursery it was introduced to the west by Prof. Kirtland,
about 1820. Tree, hardy, slender growth, becoming somewhat
spreading. It is well adapted to strong heavy soils, producing abun-
dantly fruit of uniform medium size, and always fair and of " best "
Fruit, medium ; form, roundish, conical, flattened ; color, pale
green, becoming yellowish, with a few rough spots ; stem, short ;
cavity, acuminate j calyx, rather large ; basin, slightly plaited ; Jlesh,
greenish white, fine grained, juicy, tender, sprightly, sub-acid ; core^
sviall ; seeds, ovate. Season, January to March.
Wine Apple, i Hay's Winter,
Hay's Winter Wine, 1 Winter Wine,
Hollow Crown Pearmain.
American. Native of Delaware. Extensively disseminated, and
WORTHY GENERAL CULTIVATION.
everywhere successful. Strong heavy clay loams produce the
largest fruit, while best quality are grown on sandy loam. Tree,
thrifty ; shoots rather slender, spreading ; foliage small.
Fruity medium to large ; form, round flattened, often quite angu-
lar, or largest one side ; colur, light pale yellow ground, mostly over-
spread and striped with lively red, russet about cavity of stem ;
stem, short ; cavity, acuminate or narrow, deep ; calyx, large ; basin,
broad, open, slightly plaited ; flesh, yellowish, crisp, vinous, sub-
acid ; core, small ; seeds, large. Season, November to February.
Probably originated in New-Jersey. First described by Coxe.
The tree is hardy, an early and very productive bearer, irregular in
its growth, not forming a handsome head, but producing fair fine
fruit in all soils, from poor sand to limestone clay â€” largest in the
latter, and finest texture in the former â€” fine on dry prairies.
Fruit, medium ; form, ovate conical, flattened at base, some-
times roundish conical, occasionally angular and slightly ribbed ;
color, grown North, a bright clear red stained and striped with
darker shades, and with spot>i of light yellow ; grown South, the
dark red becomes most prominent, while the patches of light yel-
low at base are more often seen ; it is also more irregular or an-
gular in form, and oft with russet about the stem ; stem, varying in
length, slender ; cavity, narrow, deep ; calyx, small, nearly closed ;
basin, abrupt, furrowed ; ^rltsk, yellowish, juicy, teuder, sub-aeid,
sprightly ; core, medium, capsuU\ hollow ; seeds, short ovate. Season^
October to J:mu;vry, often keeps till MiU'ch.
Yellow Newtown PippDf.
This variety is extensively grown ; West it becomes large ; keeps
"well. Trees, though slender growth, good bearers and apparently
perfectly at home in rich limestone soils. Tliat there are two New-
town Pippins, we do not question ; see '* Ne\%'town Pippin â€¢/'but we
have the past year supposed there might be three, but whether the
distinction is without a difference we are yet unprepared to decide.
We give here two figures, and descriptions, of which the latter New-
town Pippin of Lewis Sanders. Esq.. mav possiblv prove identical
with Y. N. P.
Fruit, medium, to large ; form roundish, flattened, ansrular. or
broader than long; color, clear yellow% with considerable russet
from the stem, many small russet dots, and, where exposed to the
sun. the yellow becomes very rich and dotted with carmine dots ;
stem, short ; cavity, deep ; calux. large open, segments short, stiff,
broad ; basin, broad, irregular only from the slight ribbing of the
fruit : ffesh. yellowisli, very firm, crisp, juicy ; ore, medium ; seedSy
purplish black, oblong pyriform. Keeps to June.
FOR AMATEUR CULTURE.
NiWTOWN Pippin, of Lewis Sanders, Kt.
Fruit, lar^e ; form, an^iibjr. rouiuJish fonical, prominently ribbed ;
color, dull pale yellow, with whitish yellow, marbled and splashed,
the latter prevailing mostly at stem end ; sUtn. short; cavity, acu-
minate, somewhat russeted ; calyx. mQ(\'n\m. short segments ; basin,
pretty deep, irregular, ribbed ; Jlesh, yellowish white, firm, crisp,
vinous, juicy, sub-add. with tipges or lines, and specks throughout,
as if decay had partially taken place ; core, medium, or rather large ;
seeds, dark rich reddish brown, ovate, pyriform.
CLASS IL New and untested. Adapted to ceriam Localities, or
American. Fruit, meflium, roundish, slij^btly conical, dull green, tinged
with red; fiesb, tender juicy, wants flavor. Winter. (Hov, Mag.)
120 THE APPLE.
NoU's No. 1.
A Pennsylvania seedling of White Deer township, Union County.
Large ; roundish oblate ; faintly mottled and striped with red on a
greenish yellow ground; stem, half an inch longj cavity, broad acute;
calyx, rather large, segments closed; basin, wide, moderately deep,
plaited; flesh, greenish white, of fine texture, rather juicy ; "â– very good.''
(W. D. B.)
Foreign. Fruit, medium, conical, pale greenish yellow, with gray rus-
set; stem, slender; flesh, yellowish, crisp, aromatic. Early winter.
Fruit, medium or large, round, yellow, with brown specks; flesh, pale
yellow, sub-acid. Q-rown in Virginia; keeps well. (Thomas.)
Foreign. Fruit, large, conical, flattened at base, red streaked on green-
ish yellow ; stem, small ; cavity, deep ; calyx, large ; basin, deep ; flesh,
coarse crisp ; showy ; poor bearer. October.
Red Ashmore, | Fall Wine, erroneously.
American. A desirable variety deserving attention. Fruit, above
medium, regular, round, bright clear red; short slender stem ; deep cavity ;
calyx, small, closed ; deep, regular basin ; core, large ; capsules, hollow ;
seeds, plump ; flesh, white crisp, tender, juicy, sub-acid, sprightly. Octo-
ber and November. The Black Vandervere, a third rate fruit, is some-
times grown as this variety.
American. Fruit, medium, roundish flattened, slightly conical, dull
greenish yellow, striped and splashed with dull red mingled with bluish
gray, and large russet dots ; flesh, yellowish white, tender, sweet, dry ;
hardly "very good;" stem, short; cavity, narrow, deep; calyx, small;
basin, shallow; core, small; seeds, ovate flattened. November to January.
Fruit, medium to large, ovate flattened, light yellow, streaked with red,
radiating from stem, which is short, stout; cavity, open, broad, russeted;
calyx, closed; basin, finely folded; flesh, yellow, breaking, sub-acid,
musky perfume, juicy ; " very good ;" core, medium. November to
FOR AMATEUR CULTURE. 121
From South Carolina.^ " Tree, spreading, pendent, short fruit wood,
abrupt terminal buds; fruit, large, oblate, conical, pale red, slightly
streaked; heavy bloom; wide basin; open calyx; flesh, tender, melting,
aromatic. July. Abundant bearer." (Wm. Sumner, in Hort.)
American. Fruit, medium, roundish, pale green, faintly striped with
red in sun; stem, slender; cavity, narrow, deep; calyx, open, erect seg-
ments ; basin, round, medium depth ; core, medium ; flesh, white, juicy,
tender, sprightly, sub-acid ; " very good." October,
Autumnal Sweet Swaar, j Sweet Swaar,
Sweet Golden Pippin.
Tree, spreading; shoots, vigorous, diverging; fruit, large, round, flat-
tened, slightly ribbed, rich golden yellow ; stem, long; basin, open, shallow;
calyx, half closed; basin, deep; flesh, tender, yellowish, spicy, sweet, not
juicy ; " very good." October.
English Summer Pearmain, I Royal Pearmain,
Summer Pearmain, | Parmain d'Ete,
Sigler s Red. .
Foreign. Tree, slender, slow growth, irregular ; fruit, medium, oblong
conical, brownish yellow and green, red blended with yellow in sun,
-small brown specks; stalk, short; calyx, in a broad shallow basin,
slightly plaited; flesh, pale yellow, crisp ; nearly >'best." September.
From Massachusetts. Fruit, medium, roundish, light yellow; flesh,
tender, crisp, sub-acid ; "very good." Winter.
American. From Plattsburg, K Y. Growth, moderate ; shoots, reddish
brown; fruit, medium, round ovate, tapering to eye, hght yellow, fajnt
blush in sun ; stem, long, slender ; cavity, deep ; calyx, closed ; basin, nar-
row ; flesh, yellowish, greenish tint, sprightly, spicy ; core, large, open ;
seeds, hght brown. October, " Very good."
Patterson Sweet, | Edgerly Sweet.
From Perry, N. Y. Fruit, medium to large, round, ovate flattened,
sometimes ribbed, clear yellowish red, with an occasional russet patch ;
stem, slender ; cavity, narrow, deep; calyx, closed ; basin, medium, abrupt,
often plaited ; flesh, yellow, rather drj', sweet ; " very good ;" core, me-
dium ; seeds, ovate pyriform. November to December.
122 THE APPLE.
American. Ohio. Fruit, medium, red stri|5fed on greenish yellow ;
flesh, white, fine grained, juicy, sub-acid. August (T. S. Humrickhouse,
in Hov. Mag.)
From Massachusetts. Growth, vigorous, erect, good bearer; fruit
mediom, roundish, narrowing towards the eye, deep yellow striped with
crimson, dotted wnth white specks; stem, short, slender; cavity, narrow;
calyx, large, open; basin, furrowed; flesh, yellow crisp, tender, juicy,
vinous; 'â– very good ;" core, close; seeds, pale brown. August and
Bevan Favorite, | Striped June.
From New Jersey. Valuable as a market fruit, to transport long dis-
tances ; we have thought the Red June, which comes to us at Cleveland
from Kentucky, might be this apple, but have had no opportunity of com-
paring them in season. Fruir. below medium, roundish flattened, shght-
ly conical, distinct broad red stripes on yellow; stem, varying from short
to long; cavity, shallow; calyx, large; basin, plaited; flesh, firm, tough,
sub-acid ; seeds, plump, ovate pyriform. August. We are also of opinion
this may be the Carolina June, of the West.
From Virginia. Tree, moderately vigorous, hardy, good bearer, great
keeper ; valuable south, in rich soils. Fruit, above medium, oblong, ir-
regular, flattened at ends; red and yellow stiiped, or blotched; stem,
long, curved; calyx, large; basin, open, deep, furrowed; core, compact;
seeds, large, ovate, pointed; flesh yellowish, firm, tender, juicy; "very
good." January to Sept.
Better than Good.
From Pennsylvania. May prove identical with some already described.
Tree, slender, irregular; fruit, medium, roundish, tapering to the eye;
yellowish white ; flesh tender, juicy, sub-acid ; " very good." Early Winter
" This fruit I procured of the late Judge Buel Medium size, ovate,
oblong. Color, nearly white, producing a splendid appearance when ripe
on the tree ; crisp and juicy ; ripe in Oct. ; will keep till Feby. or March ;
a good baking apple." (B. V. French, Esq., Ms.)
Tree, hardy, shoots stout, dark color ; buds, large, unsuited to exposed
situations, the fruit being large and heavy is easily blown off. Fruit, very
FOR AMATEUR CULTURE. - 123
large, rjundish, slightly conical, striped and blotched viith purplish red
over a dull ground ; white bloom ; stem, short; calyx, small ; basin, deep ;
core, medium ; flesh, yellowish, mild sub-acid ; " very good." Early
Black American, | Jersey Black,
American. Tree, slender, moderate growth, drooping, when old ; a good
bearer ; negative quality, often esteemed. Fruit, medium, rounB slightly
flattened, dark red, almost black, whitish bloom, and many whitish specks ;
stem, medium ; cavity, deep ; calyx rather small ; basin, shallow ; coro
large; capsules, long, ovate, holTow; seeds, ovate pointed; flesh, yellow-
ish white tinged with red, crisp, juicy. Nov. to Feby.
There is much confusion at theWest with this variety, and several fruits
are grown under the same name. One under name of Black, or " Canada
Black," is oblong, with greenish flesh, inferior ; tree, a fine grower.
Another is of medium size ; fruit depressed at ends ; skin rough ; flesh,
aromatic ; ripening in September ; tree upright grower, with rough uneven
This is also another of the Black apples grown West. Fruit, above
medium, round, regular smooth, glossy, rich dark- red striped, and mostly
overspreading a lighter red ; numerous specks; stem, short; cavity, deep,
slightly russeted ; calyx, closed, woolly or downy; basin, open ; core,
large, hollow ; seeds, loose ; flesh, white, slightly tinged with red, crisp,
juicy, tender, rather acid. Nov. to Feby.
"From Kentucky. Resembles White Pippin, (Canada Pippin.) Fruit,
large, conical, flattened at base, greenish yellow, light bronze at base,
brownish specks ; skin, smooth ; stem, short ; cavity, deep ; calyx, small,
closed; basin, shallow; core, open ; seeds, large, light brown ; flesh, white,
tender, juicy ;" very good." March and April. Claimed as a seedhng ;
new." (A. H. Ernst, Ms.)
From central Ohio. Fruit, medium, roundish, occasionally angular;
dull red, marbled and striped with shades of purplish red, occasional
rough gray dots; stem, varying; cavity, funnel shaped ; calyx, half open ;
broad segments ; basin furrowed ; core, small, compact ; seeds, oblong
ovate, dark red ; flesh, yellowish, tinged with red near the surface, break-
ing mild almost sweet; " very good." Dec. to March.
A seedhng of Centre County, Pennsylvania. Large, oblong, inclining to
conical, delicately mottled and striped with red on a yellutv grouad ; stem,
short, thick ; deep, acuminate, russeted cavity ; basin, deep, moderately
wide; flesh, yellowish, juicy, sprightly, and refreshing:; "very gfood.'"
(W. D. B.). y J J, t^ 6 J, fc; J' c
A variety probably originally of Virginia, lately brought to notice aa