F. X. von (Franz Xaver) Funk.

A manual of church history (Volume 2) online

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to subscribe to the Vatican doctrine, bishop Lachat of Basel
was, that same year, deposed by all the cantons belonging
to his jurisdiction, with the exception of Lucern and Zug,
and banished from Solothurn, his chapter being likewise
dissolved the next year. The same fate befell all the
clergy who stood by their bishop. The measures taken in
the Catholic Jura were particularly far-reaching. All the
churches were assigned by the Bernese government to the
Old Catholics, and the clergy were not only deprived of their
offices, but also banished. Three years later the decree of
expulsion was indeed revoked (1876), but, even so. Catholic
worship could only be performed in barns and under great
disadvantages. Only some years later did the government



The Church in France 227

consent to restore the churches, and then only by degrees. The
reinstatement of the bishop of Basel followed in the autumn,
1884. In this case the conclusion of peace was facilitated
by what had taken place in the canton of Ticino. The
latter had been severed from the dioceses of Milan and
Como, assigned to Basel, and constituted as an Apostolic
Administratorship, the first administrator being bishop
Lachat himself. At his death (1888) the collegiate church of
St. Lawrence at Lugano was created the cathedral. Geneva,
as soon as a vacancy occurred (1883), was re-united to
Lausanne. As, however, Mermillod was appointed to the
united sees, the government maintained its attitude of
hostility. His successor ultimately received official recognition
(1891).

The population of Switzerland in 1900 comprised 1,918,197
Protestants, r, 383, 135 Catholics, 12,551 Jews, and is,453



Online LibraryF. X. von (Franz Xaver) FunkA manual of church history (Volume 2) → online text (page 23 of 34)