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Morris, J., i. 324



Moschus, John, i. 231

Moscow, ii. 187

Moses, of Khoren, i. 225

R., ii. 94

Mosheim, i. 14
Mothe-Guyon, de la, ii. 163
Moiiy, C. de, ii. 159
Mouzon, treaty, i. 315
Mozarabians, i. 247
Mozart, ii. 184
Miicke, i. 119
Mughtasila, i. 90
Miihlbacher, i. 248, 317
Miihlenbeck, E., ii. 206
Mulert, i. 9
]\IiiUbauer, ii. 151
jNIiiller, A., i. 131

C, ii. 5

E., ii. 256

G. A., i. 21

J., ii. 269

K., i. 15, 352, 372

Miinch, E. von, i. 6 ; ii. 213
Mufioz, ii. 18

Miinter, F., ii. 116
Miint?, E., ii. 74 f.
Miinzer. T., ii. 90, 191
Muratori, L. A., i. 6 f . ; ii. 152
Muratorian fragment, i. 26, 105,

108
Murder, i. 68
Murdock, i. 14
Murillo, ii. 186
Murray, ii. 126
Muth, J. F., i. 50
Mutian, C, ii. 62
Mystagogical catechesis, i. 190
Mystery plays, i. 383
Mysticism, i. 388 f., 395 ; ii. 57 ff.



Naasseni, i. 86
Nabadaeans, i. 124
Nagle, A., i. 221, 273
Nameche, A. J., ii. 131
Nantes, edict of, ii. iigi.
Napoleon I, ii. 211 ff.

Ill, ii. 22S

Narbonne. counc, i. 357
Narthex, i. 205
Narvaez, ii. 231
Nassau, Reform., ii. 94
Natalis Alexander, i. 13



^,20



Index



Natalis, Confcs'sor, i. 93
National councils, i. 187
Nativity B.V.M., feast of, i. 200
Nazarenes, i. 24, 81
Neander, J. A. W., i. 15, 22, 74,

82, 221, 370 ; ii. 268
Nectarius, i. 196, 224
Negri, G., i. 119
Neher, i. 9
Nelke, L., i. 115
Neo-Caesarea, counc, i. 191, 196
Neophytes, i. 57, 62 f.
Nepos, i. 96
Nepotism, ii. 25, 178
Nerger, K., ii. 38
Neri, Philip, ii. 140
Nero, i. 26, 28, 33, 39 f.
Nerva, i. 40
Nesteutes. See John
Nestorians, i. 123 f., 154 ff., 177,

338; ii. 21
Nestorius, i. 224
Nettement, A. F., ii. 227
Netherlands, Reformation in the,

ii. 131 f.
Neumann, K. J., i. 39, 119
Neustria, i. 239
Neuwirth, i. 385
New Jerusalem Church, ii. 200
Newman, i. 14 ; ii. 263
Ney, D. J., ii. go
Nicaea, I counc, i. 56, 59, 72, 75,
137, 177, 182 f., 187 f.,
191, 201 f., 219 f., 257

II counc, i. 180, 211,

269, 308

■ in Thrace, i. 141, 146

Nicephorus Callisti, i. 12

. of Constantinople, i.

303

. (emperor), i. 269

Sacellar, i. 279 f.

Nicetas Acominatus, i. 304

of Remesiana, i. 228

Studita, i. 280

Nicholas Breakspear, i. 319
of Cusa, i. 288 ; ii. 20,

57. 79
■ of Louvain, ii. 59

Mysticus, i. 278

of Pistna, ii. 35

I (pope), i. 246, 255,

276, 2S8



Nicholas II, i. 263, 290, 349, 362,
366

in. i- 333, 374

IV, i. 334, 363

V, ii. 22 ff., 79

(antipope), ii. 8

of Russia, ii. 236

Nicolai, i. 298

Nicolas, Nicolaitae, i. 88, 280, 302

Niebuhr, i. 7

Niehues, i. 248

Niese, i. 21

Nieuwenhoff, W. von, ii, 139

Nikolai, ii. 206

Nikon, ii. 188

Nilles, i. 197

Nilus, i. 225

Ninian, i. 130

Nino, i. 124

Niobites, i. i6i

Nippold, F., ii. 208

Nirschl, i. i

Nisan, i. 72

Nisard, i. 233

Nissl, i. 177

Nitti, F., ii. 29

Nitzsch, K. J., ii. 269

Noailles, ii. 158

Nobili, R., ii. 150

Nocturns, i. 195

Noetus, i. 94

Nogaret, ii. 4 f.

Nolascus, P., i. 377

Noldechen, i. 114

Nominalism, i. 389 ; ii. 56

Nomocanon, i. 304

Nonconformists, ii. 194

Non-Jurors (French), ii. 209 ff.

Norbert, ii. 244

Norbertines, i. 371 f.

Norden, W., i. 332, 343

Norfolk, duke of, ii. 118

Noris, i. 166

Normandy, i. 243

Northcote, J. S., i. 67

Northumberland, i. 131

Norway, Catholicism, ii. 235

conversion, i. 242 f .

Reform., ii. 116

Notary, i. 174

Notker Balbulus, Physicus, Labeo,

i. 306
Nottrott, i. 245



Index



321



Novatian, i. 33, 35, 98, n6
Novatus, i. 98
Nubia, i. 124
Numismatics, i. S f.
Nureddin, i. 342
Niirnberger, i. 237 ; ii. 240
Nussi, v., i. 6
Nyem, Dietrich of, ii. 11, 42, 78



Oates, Titus, ii. 122
Obbarius, i. 227
Oberle, i. 300
Oberthiir, F., ii. 207
Oblates (Oblati), i. 211

of St. Ambrose (St.

Charles), ii. 141

of Mary Immaculate, ii.

255
Oblations, i. 57, 176
Observantia regularis, li. 139
Observantines, ii. 255
Occam, W., ii. 41, 56
O'Connell, D., ii. 234
Octavian, i. 258
Odescalchi, ii. 177
Odespun, i. 5
Odilo of Bavaria, i. 236

of Cluny, i. 296, 299

Odovaker (Odoacer), i. 126
CEcolampadius, ii. loi, 190
CEcumenical counc, i. 186 fi.

patriarch, i. 181 f.

Oehler, i. 222

Oelsner, L., i. 249

Offa, i. 131

Officium stratoris, i. 319, 362

Ogdoas, i. 85

O'Gorman, T., ii. 237 f.

Ohr, W., i. 254

Olaf Haraldsen, i. 243

of Sweden, i. 242

Tryggvasen, i. 243

Old Behevers, ii. 188

Catholics, ii. 226, 259 f.

Lutherans, ii. 261, 268

Olga, i. 246

OUer, J. J., ii. 172
Ohphant, M. O., ii. 264
Olivetans, ii. 52
Olivi. See Peter John
Olshausen, T., ii. 264
Omar, i. 132 f., 339

VOL. II.



Ommiades, i. 247, 349
Oncken, W., i. 131, 339
Ophites, i. 86
Opitz, Th., ii. 126
Oppert, i. 338
Optatus, i. 152, 228
Orange, counc, i. 171, 174

Maurice of, ii. 195

WiUiam I of, ii. 131

William III, ii. 122

Orano, D., ii. 142

Orarium, i. 208

Oratorians. ii. 140

Oratory of France, ii. 172

Ordeals, i. 301

Orderic Vitalis, i. 12

Orders, clerical, i. 52 ff., 173 f.

rehgious. See Monasticism

O'Reilly, B., ii. 244

Organic Articles, ii. 213, 229

Organs, i. 292

Orientation of churches, i. 205

Origen, i. 19, 28, 32, 37, 42, 50,

69, 95, 113, 148 ff., 218 f., 228
Orkneys, i. 243
Orlandus Lassus, ii. 184
Orleans, counc, i. 174 f., 187, 202,

215
Orosius, i. 39, 168, 228
Orpheus, i. 43
Orphic writings, i. 51
Orsi, i. 14
Orsini, ii. 28, 180
Ortenburg, i. 375
Orthodoxy, feast of, i. 270
Orthok, i. 339
Ortlieb, i. 356
Ortroy, F. van, ii. 119
Ortuinus Gratius, ii. 63
Orves, E. d', ii. 138
Osiander, ii. 191
Osius, i. 139, 188
Osnabriick, peace, ii. iii
Osrhoene, i. 35
Ossa, J. de, ii. 6
Oster, H., i. 391
Ostrogoths, i. 126
Otfrid, i. 306
Othlon, i. 257
Othman, i. 132 f.
Otte, H., i. 378, 385

W., ii. 6

Ottenthal, E. von, ii. 44



322



Index



Otterloo, A. A. von, ii. 58
Otto of Bamberg, i. 336 f .

of Freising, i. 355

Henry of Neuburg, ii. 95

• I (emperor), i. 245 f., 258 ff.

II, i. 260

Ill, i. 260, 284

IV, i. 325

J. K. T. von, i. 106

Ottoboni, ii. 178

Oudin, C, ii. 201

Our Father, i. 381

Overbeck, F., i. 10, 214 ; ii. 254

Owang Khan, i. 338

Owsepian, i. 163

Oxcnham, H. N., i. 5

Oxfgrd counc, i. 380, 383

Movement, ii. 234, 263



Pacca, B., ii. 212, 214
Pachomius, i. 210 f.
Pachtler, G. M., ii. 139. 152
Pacian, i. 228
Pack, O. von, ii. 91
Pactum CaHxtmum, i. 316
Pagans, i. 122
Pag^s, L., ii. 151
Pagi, A. and F., i. 13
Painting, ii. 73 ff., 185 f., 201

of the face, i. 75 f.

Palacky, F., i. 244 ; ii. 33

Palaeography, i. 8

Palaeologus. See John and Michael

P.
Palatinate, ii. 94, 105 f.
Palatine school, i. 305
Palestine, i. 35. And see Crusades
Palestrina, the city, i. 363 ; ii. 3

the composer, ii. 184

Palladius, missionary, i. 130

writer, i. 224

Pallavicino, S., ii. 133
Pallium, i. 208 f,
Pallmann, i. 125
Palma Vecchio, ii. 75
Palmer, C. von, ii. 264
Palm Sunday, i. 199
Pamfili, ii. 147
Pamphilus, i. 113, 219
Pankowsky, i. 55
Pantaenus, i. 35, no
Pantocrator, i. 87



Panvinio, O., i. 233

Papal election, i. 175, 251, 257,

334 ; ii. II, 17. 148, 181
Paphnutius, i. 177
Papias, i. 29, 31, 105
Papst, E., i. 337
Parabolani, i. 173
Paraguay, ii. 152, 174
Parentucelli, ii. 22
Pargoire, J., i. 267
Paris University, i. 389 f. ; ii. 12,
70. 153, 156 ff.

counc, i. 270, 274, 281, 356,

367

Frangois de, ii. 158

Parishes, i. 179 ff.
Parker, M., ii. 121
Parmentier, i. 11
Parsons, C, i. 119
Pasagians, i. 355
Pascal, ii. 115

B., ii. 156

Pasch. See Easter
Paschal I, i. 254

(antipope), i. 185

II, i. 313 ff., 340

Ill (antipope), i. 321 f.

Paschasius Radbertus, i. 273 f.
Passau, Treaty, ii. 98
Passavant, J. D., ii. 75
Passionists, ii. 172
Passion-plays, i* 383

Pastor Aeternus, ii. 244

L., ii. 24, 79, 92

of Palentia, i. 143, 148

or Shepherd, i. 105

Pataria, i. 302

Paten, i. 207

Patetta, i. 300

Patmos, i. 31

Patres piarum schol., ii. 141

Patriarchal synods, i. 187

Patriarchates, i. 59, 181

Patricius Romanorum, i. 252

Patrick, i. 130

Patripassians, i. 94 f., 97, 116

Patritius, i. 27

Patronage, lay, i. 282

Patterson, ii. 213

Patuzzi, ii. 182

Patzold, A., ii. 92

Paul, apostle, i. 24 ff., 30, 40

of Burgos, ii. 60



Index



323



Paul of the Cross, ii. 172

of Nisibis, i. 233

I (pope), i. 251

II, i. 363 ; ii. 26

- — — - III, ii. 94, 133. 140, 142

IV, ii. 121, 131, 136, 143 f.

V, ii. 1461, 153, 155

of Russia, ii. 235

of Samosata, i. 93 f., 140,

191

of Thebes, i. 210

Warnefrid, i. 292, 305

Paulet, L., i. 313

Pauli, i. 326

Pauhcians, i. 265

Paulines, ii. 140

Paulinists, i. 191

Paulinus of Antioch. i. 145 f.

of Aquileia, i. 271

of Milan, i. 167

of Nola, i. 228

of Treves, i. 139

Paulus, C, ii. 53

N., ii. 56. 82, 96

Pauly, A. F. von, i. 231
Pauperes de Lugduno, i. 353
Pauthe, L., ii. 183
Pautz, O., i. 131
Pavia- Siena, counc., ii. 18
Pavilion, ii. 160
Pawlicki, i. 334
Pawloff, i. 279
Pax, i. 65, 193
Pazzi,'ii. 27
Pearson, J., ii. 201
Peasant War. ii. 89 f.
Peboou, i. 2 TO
Pecci, ii. 244
Pecha, P. F., ii. 53
Pedro, Dom, ii. 232, 239
Pegna, i. 357

Pelagius, Pelagianism, i. 167 ff.,
227

Legate, i. 345

I and II (popes), ii. 273

Pelesz, i. 246 ; ii. 235
Pelletier, M., ii. 255

Pellicia, ii. 183

Penitential discipline, i. 68 ff.,

196 f., 293 f., 381 ; ii. 65
Penitentials, 1. 293 t.
Penitentiaries, i. 196
Penn, Wm., ii. 197



Pentecost, the day. i. 72

the period, i. 198

Penula, i. 208

Pepuza, i. 96 f.

Peratoe, i. 86

Peregrinatio Silvia?, i. 194 f., 20c

204, 228
Perels, E., i. 2S5
Peretti, ii. 145
Peri, ii. 225
Periodeutae, i. 180
Perisseau, ii. 174
Perouse, G., ii. 21
Perpetua, i. 42
Perpetuus, i. 200
Perpignan, counc, ii. 15
Perrone, J., ii. 257
Perry, S. G. F., i. 157
Persecutions, i. 37 ff.
Persia, conversion of, i. T23

Nestorianism in, i. 157



Perthel, i. 229
Pertz, G. H., i. 6 f.
Peru, ii. 149, 239
Perugino, ii. 74
Petavius, i. 9 ; ii. 182
Peter, apostle, i. 22 f., 27 ff., 30,
40

church, ii. 145, 185

feast, i. 199

pence, i. 131, 242, 246, 36

Peter Abaelard, i. 392

of Albano, i. 261

of Alcantara, ii. 139

of Alexandria, i. 99

ab Aliaco. See Ailly d'

of Altinum, i. 185

of Amiens, i. 340

of Antioch, i. 280

of Aragon, i. 327, 334

of Bruys, i. 354

Cantor, ii. 38

Caraffa. See Paul IV

of Castelnau, i. 352

Chrysologus, i. 229

of Compostella, i. 382

da Corvara, ii. 8

the Cruel, ii. 53

Damian, i. 263, 302, 307

the Fuller, i. 159

the Hermit, i. 334

John OHvi, i. 396 ; ii. 48

Lombard, i. 379, 391



324



Index



Peter de Luna, ii. 13

Mongus, i. 159

■ Murrone. See Celestine V

Nolascus, i. 377

Philargo, ii. 15

of Pisa, i. 305

of Poitiers, i. 381

the Spaniard, ii. 56



Peters, J., i. 115,

K., i. 319

Peterson, or Petri, O. and P., ii. 1 16
Petit, L., i. 5
Petrarch, ii. 10, 61
Petrobrusians, i. 354
Petrucci, ii. 30
Peucer, ii. 190
Pez, B., 183
Pfahler, i. 237
Pfannenschraidt, F., ii. 172
Pfefferkorn, J., ii. 63
Pfeffinger. J., ii. 192
Pfeiffer, C, i. 306

■ F., ii. 57 f.

Pfeilschifter, i. 126, 185
Pfieiderer, O., ii. 267
Pflug, Jul. von, ii. 96 f.
Pfotenhauer, ii. 152
Pfiilf, O., ii. 220
Pharisees, i. 20
Philagrius, i. 112
Philaret, i. 246
Philargo, ii. 15
Philastrius, i. 112, 122, 228
Philip the Apostle, i. 32

the Arab, i. 44

II of Baden, ii. 105

Benizi, i. 378

• the deacon, i. 23

• II of France (Augustus), i.

327, 343

IV (the Fine), ii. i ff., 49 ff.

VI, ii. 8 f .

of Hesse, ii. 90 ff., 95 ff.,

190 ff.

(pope), i. 251

Sidetes, i. 11

II of Spain, ii. 121, 131 f.,

143. 145

V, ii. 179

of Swabia, i. 325 f.

Philippicus Bardanes, i. 165
Philippines, ii. 150
Phihppopolis, counc, i. 139



Philippson, M., ii. 124
Phillips, Georg, ii. 257

George, i. 21

G. J., ii. 159

Philo, i. 18, 22, 92, III
Philology, i. 9
Philoponus, i. 161, 231
Philosophumena, i. 85, 113
Philostorgius, i. 11
Philostratus, i. 51
Photinus, i. 147
Photius, i. II, 255, 275 ff., 304
Phrygians, i. 96 f.
Phthartolatrae, i. 160 f.
Piacenza, counc, i. 311, 339
Piarists, ii. 141
Picavet, F., i. 307, 392
Piccolomini, Francesco, ii. 28

See iEneas Sylvius

Picpus, ii. 255

Pieper. A., ii. 141

Pierleoni, i. 317

Pietism, ii. 196 f., 268

Pignataro, F., i. 68

Pignatelli, ii. 178

Pijper, F., ii. 131

Pilate, report, i. 21

Pilgrimages, i. 204

Piligrim, i. 246

Pinturicchio, ii. 74

Piolet, J. B., ii. 248

Pionius, i. 44

Piper, F., i. 5

Piper. P., i. 306

Pipin, i. 238, 250 f ., 286, 290, 292

Pirminius, i. 235

Pisa, counc, i. 367 ; ii. 15, 77

Pisano, A. G. and N., ii. 73

Pistna, ii. 35

Pistoja, counc, ii. 170

Pistolesi, E., ii. 240

Pitra, J. B., i. 109, 230, 396 ; ii. 257

Pius I, i. 105

II, i. 377 ; ii. 25

Ill, ii. 28

IV, ii. 136 f., 143

V, ii. 121, 144

VI, ii. 170, 176, 181, 210 f.

VII, ii. 212 ff., 240

VIII, ii. 241

IX, ii. 241 f., 247

X, ii. 229, 244

Piusverein, ii. 253



Index



325



Pizarro, ii. 149

Placata, ii. 131

Placet, ii. 168 f., 213, 221, 224

Planck, J., ii. 201

Planeta, i. 208

Plat, Le, ii. 133

Platina, i. 233 ; ii. 26

Plato, i. 18 f., 393

Plenaries, ii. 69

Plenary councils, i. 187

Pleroma, i. 86 ft., 266

Plettenberg, W. von, ii. 114

Plinski, J., i. 337

Pliny, i. 34, 41

Plitt, G. L., ii. 87

Plochmann, J. G., ii. 81

Plummer, C, i. 130

Plurality. See Cumulus

Pneumatists, i. 83 tf., 97

Pneumalomachi, i. 142 ff.

Poggio, ii. 61

Pohl, M. J., ii. 58

Poissy, conference, ii. 127

Polanco, ii. 139

Poland, Catholicism, ii. 235 f.

conversion, i. 245

reformation, ii. 115

Polano. See Sarpi, P.
Pole, R., ii. 120
Polentz, G. von, ii. 114
Polo, Marco, i. 338
Polycarp, i. 41, 73, 104 f., 108
Polycrates, i. 32, 73
Polyeuctus, i. 279
Polyglots, ii. 60, 201
Polynesia, ii. 265
Polzl, F. X, i. 24
Pombal, ii. 174
Pomerania, conversion, i. 336 f.

reform., ii. 94, 114

Pompadour, ii. 174

Pomponatius, ii. 62

Pomponius Leto, ii. 62

Pontian, i. 43

Pontifex maximus, i. 117, 120

Pontigny, i. 371

Pontius, i. 115

Poor, care of, i. 214

Poor man's Bible, ii. 69

Pope, i. 61, 184, 339

See Papal election and

Rome
Poporvtzy, ii. 188



Porcaro, ii. 24
Poree, i. 307
Porga, i. 244
Porphyrins, i. 50, 219, 222
Port Royal, ii. 157
Porters, i. 55, 174
Portiuncula, i. 372
Portugal, Church in, ii. 232
Posl, F., ii. 138, 141
Postel, v., ii. 141
Postils, ii. 60, 69
Pothinus, i. 42
Potter, i. no

L. J. A., ii. T70

Potthast, A., i. 6, 8, 309

Pougeois, A., ii. 241

Pradier, i. 374

Praedestinatus, i. 172

Praedicatores, i. 374

Prafke, i. 80

Pragmatic Sanction, ii. 47. Se

Bourges
Pravilegium, i. 315
Praxeas, i. 94, 97
Pray, G., ii. 152
Preaching, i. 292 ; ii. 68 f.
Predestination, i. 169 ff., 272 f.
Preger, W., i. 352, 395 ; ii. 37

192
Premonstratensians, i. 371 f.
Presbyterians, ii. 125, 194
Presbyters, i. 52 ff.
Presbytery, i. 206
Presentation, feast, i. 200
Pressel, T., ii. loi
Pressense, F. de, ii. 233
Preuschen, E., i. 213, 224
Prierias, S., ii. 83 f.
Prignano, ii. 11
Primacy. See Rome
Primasius, i. 233
Prime, i. 195
Prisca, Priscilla, i. 97
Pri.scillian, Priscillianists, i. 147 f.,

228
Private Mass, i. 291
Privilegium fori, i. 178, 283 f.,
324 ; ii. 169. 2 51

immunitatis, i. 178

Probinus, i. 185

Probst, F., i. 62, 65, 71, 189, 19 j
Proclus, i. 109. 150, 192, 200
Procopius the Great, ii. 35



326



Index



Procuration, ii. 44

Prodicus, i. 88

Professio lidei Tridcnl., ii. 144

Profession, religious, ii. 13S, 1G8,

176
Profumo, A., i. 40
Propaganda, ii. 149
Prophets, i. 52
Proske, K., ii. 254
Prosper, i. 171 f., 228
Prostrates, i. 70 f.
Proterius, i. 159
Protestants, ii. 91
Protestant associations, ii. 262 f.
Prothero, G. W., ii. 121
Protopaschites, i. 73, 98, 147, 201
Provinces, i. 58 f.
Provincial councils, i. 187
Provisions, i. 360 ; ii. 43
Provisors, Statute of, ii. 45
Prudentius Clemens, i. 227

of Troyes, i. 273

Prudenzano, F., i. 372

Prussia, Catholicism in, ii. 219,

245

conversion of, i. 337

reformation, ii. 114

Prutz, H., i. 319, 348, 375 f. , ii. 51
Psalms, i. 65

Pseudo-Clement, i. 103, 222
Dionysius, i. 229 f.

■ Ignatius, i. 104, 222

Isidore, i. 253, 283, 287 f.,

359
Psj^chists, i. 83 ff., 97
Ptolemaeus, i. 87
Piickert, W., i. 298
Puech, A., i. 107, 221
Pulcheria, i. 158
Pullans, i. 341
PuUeyn, R.. i. 391
Pulpit, i. 387
Pummerer, A , ii. 57
Punkes, J., i. 161
Pupper. J., ii. 37
Purcell, E. S., ii. 233
Purgatory, i. 137, ii. 21
Purification, feast, i. 200
Puritans, ii. 193 f.
Purple robes, i. 363
Puseyism, ii. 263
Putnam, G. H., ii. 144
R., ii. 131



QUADI, 1. 42

Quadrages, i. 202, 296 ; ii. 165,

252
Quadratus, i. 108
Quadrivium, i. 305
Quaistio iuris, facti, ii. 156
Quaestors, ii. 137
Quakers, ii. 197 f., 237
Quaracchi, i. 394
Quarta funeralium, ii. 54
Quartodecimanism, i. 73
Quast, i. 378
Quaternitarians, i. 161
IV Coronati, i. 34
Quebec, ii. 149, 237
Quels, E. von, ii. 114
Quenstedt, J. A., ii. 201
Quentin, H., i. 5
Quercum, syn. ad, i. 150
Quervain, T. de, ii. loi
Quesnel, P., ii. 158
Quien, Le, i. 182, 303
Quiercy, counc, i. 272 f., 287
Quietism, ii. 162 f.
Quinisexta (synodus), i. 177
Quinquagesima, period of, i. ig8

Sunday, i. 296

Quinquennial faculties, ii. 167
Quirinus, i. 34



Rabulas, i. 157

Rachis, i. 250 f.

Rada, ii. 55

Radbod, i. 237

Radewin, F., ii. 52

Radford, L. B., i. 324

Raeder, i. 224

Rahmani, Ig. E., i. 223

Raibolini, ii. 74

Rainald. See Raynald

Rainer, 1. 356

Rakov catechism, ii. 195

Rambuteau, ii. 53

Ramsay, W. M., i. 24

Ranavalona, ii. 265

Ranee -Bourrey, A. J., ii. 212

Ranke, L. von, i. 49, 79, 81 ; ii.

117, 126, 141, 240
Ransomers, i. 377
Raphael Santi, ii. 75
Rapin, R., ii. 155
Rashdall, H., i. 389



Index



327



Raskolniky, ii. 188

Rastislav, i. 244

Rather, i. 307

Rationalism, ii. 203 fif., 268

Ratisbon, counc, i. 272

Ratramnus, i. 273 f.

Ratzinger, G., i. 214, 235, 328

Rauhes Haus, ii. 266

Raumer, i. 319

Rausch, E., ii. 186

Rauschen, G., i. 65, 100, 108, 149,

196, 229
Rautenstrauch, ii. 168
Ravenna, counc. i. 245, 30S ;
ii. 65

exarch., i. 175

Ravesteyn, ii. 153
Raymond Lnlhis, i. 394

of Pennaforte, i. 365,

377

of Puy, 1. 375

of Satiunde, ii. 57

of Toulouse, i. 340,

352 ; ii. 9

of Tripoli, i. 342

Raynald of Dassel, i. 321

oratorian, i. 13

Reading, counc, ii. 64
Realism, i. 389
Reccared, i. 125
Rechiar, i. 126

Recluses, i. 213

Recognitions, Clementine, i. 82

Recollects, ii. 139

Recursus ab abusu, ii. 213

Redarians, i. 245

Redditio symboli, i. 189

Redemption of Penance, i. 294,

381
Redemptorists, ii. 172
Redepenning, i. no
Redlich, O. R., i. 332 ; ii. 88
Reformed Friars, ii. 139
Reformation, right of, ii. 98 f., 112
Regalia, i. 282, 326 ; ii. 159 ff.
Regeffe, i. 22
Regino, i. 289 ; ii. 69
Rehrmann, A., i. 154
Reiber, J. B., ii. 140
Reichel, G., ii. 198
Reichenau, counc, ii. 37
Reiching, ii. 141
Reiffenstuhl, ii. 182



Reimarus, ii. 206

Rcinach, S., i. 21

Reinelt. P., i. 22S

Reinerding, ii. 173

Reinkens, J. H., i. 225 ; ii. 260

J. M., ii. 259

Reischl, i. 221
Reithmeier, W., ii. 150
Relics, i. 297 f., 360
Rembrandt, ii. 201
Remigius of Lyons, i. 273

Rheims, i. 128

Remismund, i. 126

Remoboth, i. 213

Remonstrants, ii. 195

Renaissance art, ii. 185

Renan, E., i. 24, 41 ; ii. i, 256

Renaudot, E., i. 6

Rene of Anjou. ii. 22

Reni, Guido, ii. 186

Rense, ii. 8

Reredos, i. 387

Resch, G., i. 29

Reservation of benefices, i. 360 ;

"• 43

of sins, i. 360 ; ii. 54

Reservatum ecclesiasticum, ii.

90, III
Responsa ad consulta B., i. 246
Restitution, edict of, ii. no
Rettberg, i. 234, 281
Reuchlin, H., ii. 155

J., ii. 62 f.

Reumont, A. von, i. 248 ; ii. 26,

51. 141, 170
Reusch, F. H., ii. 139, 144, 147
Reuscns, i. 8
Renter, H. F., i. 55, 319, 329, 356,

38S
Reviews, Catholic, ii. 258

Protestant, ii. 269

Reville, J., i. 42, 52

Revillout, i. 135

Revolution, French, ii. 208 ff.

Rex fidclissimus, ii. iSi

Rezzonico, ii. 181

Rhabanus, Maurus, i. 272 f., 306

Rheims, counc, i. 315, 354 f., 367,

392
Rheinwald, ii. 225, 258
Rhine, Province of Upper, ii. 220
Rhodes, A. von, ii. 152
Rhodon, i. 109



328



Index



Rhoides, E., I. 255
Riario, Girolamo, ii. 27
Ribbeck, K., i. 286
Ricard, A., ii. 212, 244
Ricci, C, ii. 75

Lorenzo, ii. 17G

Matt., ii. 151

Scipio, ii. 170

S., i. 8

Richard of Cornwall, i. 331, 346

I, Lionheart, i. 323, 343

II, ii- .33

of St. Victor, i. 395

Richelieu, ii. 129

Richter, JE. L. i. 6 ; ii. 133

Richterich, i. 255

Rickel, Dion., ii. 60

Rieder, K., ii. 59

Riemenschneider, D., ii. 73

Riess, F., ii. 140

Riezler, S., i. 235 ; ii. 6, 69

Riffel, C, i. 177 ; ii. 81

Rigg, J. M., i. 391

Riggenbach, B., ii. 268

Rimbert, i. 242

Rimini, counc, i. 141

Rindfleisch, J., ii. 114

Ring and Staff, i. 208, 284 f.

Ringholz, O., i. 299

Ringseis, B., ii. 53

Rinieri, P. J., ii. 212, 216

Rintelen, V., ii. 245

Rites, Chinese and Malabar, il.

150 ff.
Ritschl, A., 3. 52 ; ii. 196

O., ii. 269

Ritter, J. D., i. 6

J. J., i. 15 ; ii. 183

K., ii. 168

M., ii. 104, 108

Ritualists, ii. 263
Robbers' Council, i. 158
Robbia, Luca delta, ii. 73
Robert of Arbrissel, i. 377

of Geneva, ii. 12

' — Grosseteste, i. 360

Guiscard, i. 263, 312, 349

of Molesme, i. 370

of Naples, ii. 7, 11

Pulleyn, i. 391

— '- Rollo, i. 243

de Sorbonne, i. 390

U., I. 315



Robertson, J. C, i. 324
J. R., ii. 256

Robespierre, ii. 210 f.
Robigalia, i. 199
Robinson, J. A., i. 42, 106
Rocholl, R., i. 395 ; ii. 61
Rockwell, W., ii. 96
Rococo, ii. 1S5
Rode, i. 119
Rodenberg, i. 328
Roderic, i. 247
Rodrigo, ii. 39
Rodulfus Glaber, i. 307
Rogation days, i. 199, 297
Roger Bacon, i. 394

of Beziers, i. 352

of Sicily, i. 318, 349 ; ii.

179

Rohan, ii. 129
Rohrbacher, i. 16
Rohricht, R., i. 339
Rokyzana, ii. 35
Roland Bandinelli, i. 320
Rolfus, H., ii. 225
Rollo, Robert, i. 243
Romagna, i. 325, 333
Romanesque, i. 385 ; ii. 71
Romano, Giuho, ii. 75
Romanticism, ii. 268
Romanus, the poet, i. 200, 230

(pope), i. 257

Pome, appeals to, i. 183, 185,

322, 360
Christianity at, i. 26, 31,

33
counc, i. 139, 143, 165,

187, 262, 274, 277, 367,

371 ; ii. 78
Primacy of, i. 59 ff., 183 ff,,

186 ff., 238, 288, 332,

359 ff. ; ii. 4^ f.
Republic of, i. 318 f.j ii,

241
Schisms at, i. 69, 94, 98 f.,

145 f., 184 f., 254 ff.,

317 f., 319 f. ; ii. II ff.
Romwald, i. 299
Roncaglia, i. 14
Ronge, J., ii. 259
Rood-screen, i. 206, 386
Ropell, R., i. 245
Rosary, i. 382
Roscehn, i. 392



Index



329



Roscoe, W., ii. 29

Rosenfeld, i. 233

Rosier, i. 227

Rospigliosi, ii. 177

Rossi, G. B. de, i. 5, 8, 45 ; ii,

257
Roswitha, i. 207
Roth, F. W., i. 396
Rothadius, i. 288
Rothe, R., ii. 268
Rothmann, B., ii. 93, 193
Rottmanner, i. 169
Rotunda, i. 206
Rouen, counc, i. 294
Rousseau, J. J., ii. 205
Routh, M. J., i. 10
Roux, ii. 208
Rovere, F. and G. della, ii.

26 ff.
Rubens, ii. 186
Ruchrat, ii. 38
Rudhart, G. T. von, ii. 119
Rudolf I of Habsburg, i. 333

IT, ii. 106 fl

of Swabia, i. 311 ff.

of Treves, i. 323

Rudorff, H., i. 316
Rue, de la, i. no
Ruffet, L., ii. 86

Rufinus of Aquileia, i. 11, in,
IT4, 149, 228

senator, i. 228

Riigamer, i. 230
Riigen, i. 337
Rugians, i. 127

Rijhl, i. 9

Ruinart, i. 7, 39

Ruiz de Montoya, ii. 182

Ruland, ii. 206

Rulman Merswin, ii. 59

Rump, i. 16

Rupert or Ruprecht of Dcutz, i.

395
Rupert of the Palatinate, ii. 14

■ of Worms, i. 236

Rupp, i. 221

Ruric, i. 246

Russ, N., ii. 38

Russia, Church, ii. 186 ff,

conversion, i. 246

Ruthenians, ii. 235
Ruysbroek, J. van, ii. 58
Ryllo, ii. 249



Sabaeans, i. 90, 124
Sabas, i. 150
Sabatati, i. 353
Sabatier, P., i. 24, 372 f.
Sabbatius, i. 98
Sabellius, i. 94 f.
Sabinian, ii. 274
Sacco di Roma, ii. 142
Sachsse, E., ii. 196
Sackingen, i. 235
Sackur, E., i. 299
Sacramentaries, i. 193
Sacraments, sevenfold number, i.

379
Sacrificati, i. 44
Sadducees, i. 20
Sagmiiller, J. B., i. 281, 362 ; ii.

24, 148, 206
Sailer, J. M.. ii. 257
Saint-Cyran, ii. 155
Sainte-Beuve, ii. 155
Sainte-Marthe, ii. 183
Saintrain, ii. 172
St. Venant, M.' A. B. de, i. 377
Saint-worship, i. 202 f., 297 f.
Saints, feasts of, i. 72, 199 f., 295 f.
Saisset, ii. 3
Saladin, i. 342 f.
Saldanha, ii. 174
Sale, i. 133

Salembier, L., ii. 11, 41
Sales, Francis of, ii. 171
Salesians, ii. 255
Salle, J. B. de la, ii. 171
Salles, i. 376
Salvation Army, ii. 264
Salve Regina, i. 382
Salvian, i. 229

the Priscillianist, i. 147



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