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GENEALC-GY COLLECTION



,LLEN COUNTY f.y^iS'fii m'ij^



3 1833 01711 6044



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HISTORICAL REVIEW
OF ARKANSAS



ITS COMMERCE, INDUSTRY AND
MODERN AFFAIRS



FAY HEMPSTEAD



ILLUSTRA TED



VOL. Ill



:\VIS l-L I'.l.ISlUXCi CttMPAXY
CHICAGO
1911



History of Arkansas

T'riaii ;\r. RciSE. When it is stated that Judge Rose is a former
president of the American Bar Association it \vi^l readily be understood
that lie is one of the most distinguished, even as he is one of the most
vcnei-able, members of the bar of Arkansas. He has been a resident of
Arkansas for nearly three score years. He is one of the venerated and
influential citizens of the state and no member of the legal profession
within its confines has a wider or more profound knowledge of the
science of .iurisprudence than this honored pioneer, who has dignified
his profession and the fine commonwealth of Arkansas through worthy
life and labors. His course has been directed on a lofty plane of
thought and action and offers both lesson and inspiration to all who
liave appreciation of the true ethical values in the scheme of human
existence. Strong in his individuality and a man of comprehensive
mental ken, he has never lacked the courage of his convictions, but has
shown naught of intellectual bigotry or intolerance, but has rather
manifested kindliness, lively human sympathy and an abiding charity
— qualities that ever soften and glorify a life.

Judge Rose was born at Lebanon, Kentucky, on the 5th of March,
1834, and is a son of Dr. Joseph and Anna (Simpson) Rose, both of
whom were natives of Virginia. Dr. Rose was for many years one of
the leading physicians and surgeons of the city of Pittsburg, Pennsyl-
vania, when he finally removed to Kentucky, where he continued in the
successful work of his profession and where he continued to reside until
his deatli, which occurred in 1849. His cherished and devoted wife
was summoned to the life eternal in 1848, and of their union two
daughters are also now living. 135^1 t C6

Uriah M. Rose was reared to adult age in nis native state and after
availing himself of the advantages of the common schools of the period
he entered Transylvania University at Lexington, in which institution
he was graduated as a member of the class of 1853, with the degree of
Bachelor of Laws. He was admitted to the bar in the same year, and
in 1853 he came to Arkansas and located at Batesville, where he began
the practice of his chosen profession, and where he continued to reside
until 1862, when he removed to Little Rock, which city has ever since
represented his home and been the scene of his earnest and prolific
endeavors. In 1860 he was appointed chancellor of the court of chan-
cery in Pulaski county, and in this important office he served until
1865 — a period during which Ai'kansas was the stage of active and
strenuous military operations incidental to the war between the states.
Judge Rose favored the cause of the south during this conflict and after
its close pla.ved a prominent part in the read,iustment of social and
governmental affairs in the state, which had seceded from the Union
at the inception of the war and which was not restored to its original
federal status until 1868.

Judge Rose long since achieved the highest rank in his profession,
and as a legal writer and authority he has gained wide prestige. A
fitting recognition of his splendid talents and personal integrity was
1099



1100 HLSTOEY OF AKKANSAS

that accorded in 1901 when he was elected president of the American
Bar Association, the highest office in the gift of the legal fraternity of
the nation. In the preceding year he had served as president of the
Aj-kansas Bar Association, and no member of the profession in the state
is better known to its representatives oi' is held in higher esteem than
this vrnri'niil.' Icizist and jurist .liidLiv Kcsc is autlior of Rose's Digest
of Arkansas 1;.'|m.i|s. and lliis | niM iral i":i is ivcn-nized as a Standard
work. Another disl iiiuuishcd liniKii- that eaiin' luismmht to Judge Rose
was his api)ointment by President Roosevelt as one of the eommis-
.sioners to represent the United States in the International Peace Con-
gress held at The Hague, Holland, in 1907. This appointment was a
recognition of merit and diplomatic strength, and had no political
significance, as Judge Rose is a stanch supporter of the cause of the
Democratic party and received this commission from a Republican
president. He attended the peace conference and took an active and
influential part in its deliberations. As a law'yer, scholar and citizen
Judge Rose is one of those truly great and strong characters who have
shed luster on the history of Arkansa.s. He has long been one of the
leaders in the council of the Democratic i)arty in this state and for
several years was a member of the National Democratic Committee.

Hon. Charles C. Reid. The people of Arkansas, more especially
those of the Fifth congressional district, that keep in touch with the living
issues and affairs of the day, are more or less familiar with the name of
Hon. Charles C. Reid, who served with distinction as congressman for ten
years, but since the expiration of his term in that capacity he has been
engaged in the practice of law at Little Rock, being a member of the
firm of Mehafly, Reid & Mehaffy. A native of Johnson county, Arkansas,
he was born June 15, 1868, at Clarksville, a son of the late Charles C.
Reid, Sr.

Charles C. Reid, Sr., was born, bred and educated in Pemberton, N'ew
Jereey. Migrating when young to the southwestern part of the country,
he served as a soldier in the Union army during the Civil war, and at
its close took up his residence in Clarksville, Arkansas. Moving in 1870
to old Lewisburg (which is now Morrillton, the old town, the original
county-seat of Conway county having been discontinued late in the sev^
enties in favor of the city of Morrillton, the present county-seat of that
county), he opened a law office, and was there prosperously engaged in ttie
practice of his profession until his death, in 1879. He was a Republican
in politics, but in local and state affairs acted in sympathy and co-opera-
tion with his fellow-townsmen. Democrats, to such an extent that in 1874
he was elected chief clerk of the Constitutional Convention that framed
the present State Constitution. He took a prominent part in that body
to rehabilitate the state following the unrest, disturbance and evils of the
Reconstruction period.

The maiden name of the wife of Charles C. Reid, Sr., was Sarah
Robinson, who is still living. Born in Kentucky, she ca^e with her
parents to Arkansas when a young girl, and here married. She was a
woman of talent, and during the Constitutional Convention referred to
above was a Journal clerk, being the first woman to hold a jwsition of that
character in Arkansas, and for about a dozen years thereafter she occupied
similar clerical positions in the various sessions of the State Legislature.
She has much literary ability, and has compiled and edited several volumes
of poems, chief among which is one entitled "Immortelles," the contents
of which were suggested to her by her father.

Receiving his preliminary education at Morrillton, Charles C. Reid



HISTORY OF ARKAXSAS 1101

afterwards attended the University of Arkansas, in Fayetteville, for three
years, and in 1887 was graduated from the law department of Vander-
bilt University, in Nashville, Tennessee. Although then very young for
a lawyer, Mr. Reid began the practice of his profession at once, locating
at Morrillton, where he met with unusual success. In 1896 he was elected
prosecuting attorney of his district, and served acceptably for four years,
when, in 1900, he had the honor of being elected to Congress from the
Fifth congressional district, and on March 4, 1901, took his seat in that
august body. He was re-elected in 1902, 1904, 1906 and again in 1908,
serving until March 4, 1911, a continuous period of ten years, having
voluntarily retired.

ilr. Reid proved Mmself one of the most distinguished and useful
congressmen that the state of Arkansas ever sent to that body. He was
engaged in various useful activities while there, serving on the Committee
on Claims, the Committee on Territories, the Committee on Indian Af-
fairs, and on the Judiciary Committee. Upon the expiration of his term
of service, Mr. Reid established his home at Little Rock, and as a member
of the law firm of MehafEy, Reid & Mehaft'y is carrying on a substantial



Mr. Reid married Geraldine Crozier, a native of Mississippi, and
they are the parents of four children, namely : Charles C, Jr., Lillian,
Will and Ed.

M. Edwin Dunaway. The name of Dunaway is one enjoying honor
and fair repute in Little Rock, where it is well known from pioneer times,
and among its finest representatives is M. Edwin Dunaway, the youngest
member of a large family, by profession a lawyer and occupying the posi-
tion of lecturer on medical jurisprudence in the College of Physicians
and Surgeons of Little Rock. Mr. Dunaway is a native son of the state,
his birth having occurred in Faulkner county, Arkansas, on the 29th of
January, 1882. His parents were John and Emma (Blackwood) Duna-
way, both of whom survive and make their residence at Conway, Faulkner
county. The father was born in this state, and not only he lived his life
here, but also his father, Isaiah Dunaway, who was one of the pioneer
settlers, the year of his migration from his native state. South Carolina,
having been 1820. Both of these gentlemen did a valuable part in the
development of their particular section and John Dunaway was a soldier
in the Civil war, risking his life in the cause which by all the arguments
of locality and tradition he believed to be just. He was mustered into
service in Lonoke county as a member of Company I, Tenth Arkansas
Infantry, of the Confederate army. He saw some of the hardest service
of the war and was present at several decisive battles, while at the battles
of Chickamaugua and Perryville, Kentucky, he felt the enemy's steel.
After the war he borrowed money and bought a farm, and by the exercise
of those virtues leading to prosperity he succeeded, eventually becoming
a man of substance. He reared a family of eight sons and daughters
and gave all of them the supreme advantage of an excellent education.
M. Edwin, as previously mentioned, is the youngest member of the
family.

Mr. Dunaway of this review received his preliminary education at
Conway and later matriculated in Hendrix College, of that city, from
which he was graduated in 1903. In the following year he entered Yale,
and in the summer received the degree of Bachelor of Arts from that
famous institution. In the meantime the attraction exerted by the legal
profession upon so many young men of native ability had led him to the
conclusion to adopt the law as his own and accordingly he pursued his



1102 HISTORY OF ARKANSAS

studies iu the law department of the State University at Little Rock,
being graduated therefrom in 1906, with the degree of LL. B. In that
same year he was admitted to the bar and began his practice iu Little
Rock. In the summer of 190? he augmented his legal education by a
course in the law department of the University of Michigan. In the few
3ears since the opening of his career, Mr. Dunaway has met with unusual
success in his practice, in addition to which he holds the office of deputy
prosecuting attorney for the Circuit Court of Pulaski county ; as mentioned
in a preceding paragraph, he is lecturer on medical jurisprudence in the
College of Physicians and Surgeons of Little Rock, and served in the
Lower House of the Arkansas General Assembly, session of 1909. While
attending law school in Little Rock in 1904-06, he was teacher of English
in the Little Rock high school, and his literary attainments manifested
were of such character as to have insured him a gratifying and useful
career in that field had he desired to enter it permanently.

On thei 26th day of June, 1907, Mr. Dunaway established a happy
household by marriage, his chosen lady being Miss Bessie Eagle, daughter
of William H. and Ada H. (Munroe) Eagle, whose biography is entered
on other pages of this work devoted to the lives and achievements of repre-
sentative Arkansas citizens. They have a little daughter, Elizabeth Dun-
away. These admirable young people hold an enviable position socially
and are interested in the causes contributing to tht' advancement and
high standing of the community.

Forrest N. Croxson, assistant to the general agent for Arkansas of
the Equitable Life Insurance Company, is one of the most successful of
the young men in the life insurance field in the state. This unusual and
gratifying success has resulted from his ability, his energ)% his sincere
conviction of the beneficence and necessity of life insurance from the fact
that he took it up as a profession to be pursued permanently and not for
immediate financial results.

By the circumstance of birth Mr. Croxson is a Hoosier, his birth
haviug occurred at Koleen. Greene county. Indiana, on the 10th day of
December, 1876. He is the son of W. H. and Evehai Cro.xson, the father,
who died in Little Rock in 1908. having been for several years connected
with the Little Rock Cooperage Company. The mother survives and
makes her home at Des Moines. Iowa. The subject was a child of about
four years when his parents removed to little Rock, the year of their
southern migration having been 1883. He received his education in the
public schools of Little Rock, and from the time he first entered business
pursuits in his early youth he has been successful. Early in 1908 he was
induced by his friend. Mr. W. E. Bilheimer, the general agent for Ar-
kansas of the Equitable Life Insurance Company, to take up life insurance
work permanently. Starting in as a solicitor, he earned in 1909 from
the Equitable company, the medal of the "Circle of Jubilee Hustlers,"
a distinction conferred upon those solicitors who in one month of that
year wrote and ]iaid for twenty or more cases of life insurance, a dis-
tinction earned by comparatively few solicitors in the United States.
This was but the beginning of his triumphs, for in 1910 he was awarded
a "Star of the First IMagnitude," the .=:ame being conferred personally by
President Paul Morton of the Equitable. In 1911 Mr. Cro.xson was made
assistant general agent of .\rkansas, under Mr. Bilheimer. the general
agent, with headquarters in the general office in Little Rock. In evidence
of the favor he enjoys in the community is the fact that in July, 1910.
he was made a member of the Board of Election Commissioners for
Pulaski counfv. His fi'afemal relations with the Benevolent and Pro-



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1103

tective Order of Elks have been fruitful of mueli good fellowship and in
1911 he was elected exalted ruler of the Little Rock Lodge, No. 29.

On the 19th day of September, 1906, Mr. Croxson established by
marriage an independent household, his chosen lady being Kathryn Car-
penter, daughter of F. J. Carpenter, of Arkadelphia. They have one
daughter, Jane Croxson. Mr. and Mrs. Croxson are popular in the best
social circles of the city.

William M. Cravens. Not only has it been given to Colonel Cravens
to attain to distinction as one of the leading members of the Arkansas
bar and as one of the representative and influential citizens of Fort Smith,
but he was also one of the loyal sons of the South who gave valiant service
to the Confederacy as a soldier in the Civil war, in which he became an
officer, though his title of colonel is one of courtesy and friendly appre-
ciation.

A scion of an honoi'ed pioneer family of Missouri and of one whose
name has been identified with the annals of American history since the
Colonial epoch. Colonel Cravens was born at Fredericktown, the judicial
center of Madison county, Missoi;ri, and is a son of Jeremiah and Kitura
(Murphy) Cravens, the former of whom was born in Rockingham county,
Virginia, and the latter in Rutherford county, Tennessee. The father
devoted the major portion of his active career to farming and politics,
and both he and his wife continued to reside in Missouri until their death.

Colonel Cravens was afforded excellent educational advantages in his
youth, as after a preliminary course iu Spring River Academy, in Law-
rence county, Missouri, he entered the old Arkansas College, at Fayette-
ville, Arkansas, in which he completed the prescribed course and was
graduated as a member of the class of 1857. He had in the meanwhile
formulated definite plans for his future career, and judgment and nat-
ural predilection led him to prepare himself for the legal profession.
With this end in view he entered the law department of Cumberland
LTniversity, at Lebanon, Tennessee, in which excellent institution he com-
pleted the prescribed technical course and was graduated as a member of
the class of 1859, with the degree of Bachelor of Laws. He initiated the
practice of his profession at Neosho, Newton county, Missouri, and had
gained definite success ere he felt it the part of loyalty and duty to sub-
ordinate his personal interests and go forth in defense of the cause of the
Confederacy. At the beginning of the great struggle between the North
and South he enlisted as a private in the command of the gallant General
Sterling Price, and later he was promoted to the office of adjutant in the
Twenty-first Arkansas Infantry. His service was principally in the Trans-
Mississippi Department and he participated in a number of important
battles, besides many skirmishes and other minor engagements. He con-
tinued in active service until the close of the war and was mustered out
at Marshall, Texas.

After the war Colonel Cravens followed the work of his profession
in Missouri, settling up the tangled business affairs of his family, until
1868, when he established his residence in Fort Smith, Arkansas, where
he has maintained his home during the long intervening years, which have
been marked by large and definite accomplishment in his chosen profes-
sion, which he has honored by his character and services. He has long
lieen recognized as one of the ablest members of the bar of the state, has
been identified with many important litigations, including a number of
celel)rated causes presented in the Federal courts of the state and in the
State Supreme Court, and as an advocate of power and resourcefulness
ho ha- won many notable forensic victories. For twenty years lie was



1104 HISTORY OP ARKANSAS

associated in practice with the late Colonel Ben T. DuVal, and later
he maintained for several years a professional alliance with his son_. Hon.
Ben Cravens, the present representative of the Fourth district of Ar-
kansas in Congress. He has been a close and appreciative student of the
principles of the Democratic party and lias never. deviated in his allegiance
to its cause. He is affiliated with the United Confederate Veterans'
Association and also is identified with various other civic organizations of
representative character. Mr. Cravens and wife are members of the
Christian church.

On the 8th of April, 1862, was solemnized the marriage of Colonel
Cravens to Miss Mary Eloise Rutherford, daughter of the late Colonel
Samuel Morton Rutherford, to whom a memoir is dedicated on other pages
of this work. Colonel and Mrs. Cravens became the parents of eight
children, of whom five sons and one daughter are now living. Concerning
Hon. Ben Cravens, one of the sons, individual mention is made on other
pages of this \vork, and in regard to the other living children the following
brief data are entered: Jerry M. is engaged in coal mining at Hachett
City, Arkansas ; Richard K. is captain of coast artillery, U. S.' A., now sta-
tioned at Fort Williams, Portland. Maine; and Daisy, Rutherford Rector
and DuVal Garland are triplets. The former of these three is at home,
the second is in the real estate business at Fort Smith and is a lawyer, and
the latter is engaged in educational work at Murphysboro, Tennessee.

Hon. Ben Cravens, of Fort Smith, the present representative of the
Fourth district of Arkansas in the United States Congress, is a lawyer
of high attainments, a citizen of progressive ideas and sound judgment,
and a man who is well upholding the prestige of his native state in Con-
gress, which has had many distinguished representatives from Arkansas.
He is in the very prime of life, is a recognized leader in the ranks of
the Democratic party in Arkansas, and is insistently loyal to the state
which has ever been his home and whose intei'ests he has made his own in
a significant way, as is shown by the high official preferment that has
been given him through popular suffrage. Mr. Cravens was formerly
associated with his honored father in the practice of his profession in
Fort Smith, and as a brief review of the career of the father, Colonel
William M. Cravens, appears elsewhere in this publication it is not neces-
sary to repeat the data in the present article. On other pages of this work
is also entered an appreciative memoir to Colonel Samuel ^lorton Ruther-
foi-d, maternal grandfather of him wliose name initiates this review.

Ben Cravens was born in Fort Smith, Arkansas, on the 17th of Janu-
ary, 1872, and is a son of Colonel William M. and Mary Eloise (Ruther-
ford) Cravens. To the public schools of his native city he is indebted for
his earlier educational discipline, which was supplemented by courses of
study in the Louisville Military Academy, in tlie metropolis of Kentucky,
and the fine military academy at Staunton, Virginia. He ■ began the
study of law under the able precoptorship of his father and finally was
matriculated in the law department of the University of Missouri, in which
he was graduated as a member of the class of 1893 and from which he
received his well earned degree of Bachelor of Laws. He was simultan-
eously admitted to the Missouri bar and upon his return io Fort Smith,
soon after his graduation, he likewise gained admission to the bar of liis
native state. Since that time ho has been associated with his father in
the practice of his profession, but he did not depend upon paternal pres-
tige for advancement in his chosen vocation, as his close application and
individual ability soon gained him recognition as a strong trial lawyer and
well fortified counselor, with the result that his services found increasing



HISTORY OF ARKANSAS 1105

demand in connection with important litigations as well as in the coun-
sel room. He served two terms as cit^' attorney of Fort Smith, and in
1900 he was elected district attorney for the Twelfth judicial district of
the state. In this office the best evidence of his effective service is that
vouchsafed by his continuing in tenure of the same for three successive
terms of two years each.

A stalwart in the Arkansas camp of the Democratic party and a sig-
nally effective exponent of the principles and policies of the same, Mr.
Cravens has been a leader in its councils in this state for a number of
years. In 1906 he was elected a member of the Sixtieth Congress, as a
representative of the Fourth congressional district, which comprises the
counties of Crawfprd, Howard, Little River, Logan, Miller, Montgomery,
Pike, Polk, Scott, Sebastian and Sevier. He has proved a valuable work-
ing member both on the floor and in the committee room of the Lower
House of our national legislature, has been unflagging in his efforts to
forward the interests of his home district and state, and the popular
estimate placed upon his services has been shown in his re-election to
Congress in 1908 and again in 1910. During his first term he gave
especially useful service as a member of the house committee on Indian
atfairs, and he is at the present time a member of the committee on
military affairs, as well as other important committees, to the work of
each of which he gives close and faithful attention. Mr. Cravens is a man
of genial personality, and there is naught of equivocation or subtlety in
his nature, so that he well merits the confidence and esteem so uniformly
accorded him. Mr. Cravens and his wife are members of the Christian
Church.

In the city of Fort Smith, on the 19th of December, 1894. ^Ir.
Cravens was united in marriage to Miss Carolyn Dyal, a daughter of
Thomas and Nancy Dyal, of Topeka, Kansas. Mr. and Mrs. Cravens
have two children — William F. and Nancy E.

Samuel M. Ruthekfokd. One of the lionored pioneers and distin-



Online LibraryFay HempsteadHistorical review of Arkansas : its commerce, industry and modern affairs (Volume 3) → online text (page 1 of 88)