GENEAL-OCY : OLLECTION
. . ALLEN COUNTY PUBLIC LIBRARY
3 1833 01729 2449
, DECEMBER 30, .899. PrjCe, 50 ^enTS. J
, NEW SERIES VOLUME XIL *
The Firelands Pioneer I
PUBLISHED BY THE ^
' - FIRELANDS HISTORICAL SOCIETY, *
HEADQUARTERS IN V
THE FIRELANDS MEMORIAL BUILDING, ^
NORWALK, OHIO. ♦
NORWALK, OHIO. ' . A
THE EANING PRINTING CO. ^
1 Vol. 12
Donor of " Catharine Gallup Fund." See Vol. 1 N. S., pages 15-16. Obituary
notice see Vol. 1 N. S., page 141.
DECEMBER 30, 1899. PRICE, 50 CENTS.
NEW SERIES VOLUME XII.
The Firelands Pioneer
PUBLISHED BY THE
FIRELANDS HISTORICAL SOCIETY,
THE FIRELANDS MEMORIAL BUILDING,
elseif (getClientWidth() > 430)
NOR WALK, OHIO.
THE LANING PRINTING CO.
Officers of the Society for \S99-\900.
HON. RUSH R. SLOANE, President Sandusky.
HON. S. A. WILDMAN, 1st Vice President Norwalk.
A. J. BARNEY, 2d Vice President Milan.
DR. A. SHELDON, Recording Secretary : Norwalk.
MRS. C. W. BOALT, Corresponding Secretary Norwalk.
C. W. MANAHAN, Treasurer Norwalk.
HON. C. H. GALLUP, Librarian Norwalk.
DR. F. E. WEEKS, Biographer Huron Co Clarkstield.
JOHN McKELVEY, Biographer Erie Co Sandusky.
Board of Directors and Trustees.
The President and Secretary, Ex-officio.
T. M. WHITON, C. H. GALLUP, I. M. GILLETT,
R. M. LOCKWOOD, D. D. BENEDICT.
HON. C. H. GALLUP,
HON. L. C. LAYLIN,
HON. J. F. LANING.
Forty-third Annual Meeting
Firelands Historical Society
HELD IN THE
Methodist Church, at Norwalk, Ohio,
June 2\, J899.
Hon^ Rush R. Sloane called the meeting- to order as
Ladies and Gentlemen, Fellow Pioneers : In the absence
of our worthy President, whose ill health keeps him from being
present at the meeting this morning — I hope he will be with us
this afternoon — it is my duty, as the First Vice-President, to call
this meeting to order. I am glad to see so many of the older
Pioneers, and of the older people of the county. I wish there
were many more, but they are passing from us rapidly, and I do
hope that the younger people will take their places. In accord-
370 THE FIRELANDS PIONEER.
ance with the custom of this Society, I will call upon Rev. Dr.
Broadhurst to open our deliberations today, with prayer to God.
Prayer by Rev. Dr. Broadhurst.
A motioitwas then made by Mr. C. H. Gallup, to elect Miss
Young and Miss Godfrey as stenographers, to report the pro-
ceedings of the meeting, which motion was sustained.
By vote of the Society, ^he minutes of the previous meeting
were not read, as they are published in full, in the "Pioneer" of
Dr. A. Sheldon then read a telegram that had been re-
ceived by him, which read as follows : "Owing to washouts
cannot reach Norwa'k. Sorry." Mr. C. E. McBride and E. J.
Bauman, of Mansfield, had been expected at this meeting, to
address the Pioneers, but as stated in the telegram, were unable
The report of the Directors of the Society was then read by
Mr. C. H. Gallup.
REPORT OF DIRECTORS AND TRUSTEES.
The Board of Directors and Trustees of The Firelands His-
torical Society, respectfully .STibniit their report for the year end-
ing June 20, 1899.
Since its last annual session June 30, 1898, the only meeting
of the Firelands Historical Society held was at Renappi, Sep-
tember 7, 1898; the proceedings of both of which meetings were
included in the last published volume of The Firelands "Pio-
The official vacancies occasioned by the resignation of
President Gideon T. Stewart in February, 1899, because of fail-
ing Jiealth and absence from the State, and the death of Vice-
President George W. Clary on January 12, 1899, were not filled
by this Board, there being no meeting of the Society and no
business requiring it.
During the year little progress has been made in the effort
for the proposed Memorial Building.
The Firelands "Pioneer" of October, 1898, eleventh volume,
new series, contained over two hundred pages, and was well
received by the Society and the public. Materials are being
prepared for the next vohime, twelfth, new series, which will be
issued in due time.
RUSH R. SLOANE,
C. H. GALLUP,
J. M. WHITON,
D. D. BENEDICT,
Directors and Trustees.
Norwalk, Ohio. June 20, 1809.
An Auditing- Committee was then named by Mr. Sloane,
consisting of G. H. Mains, Dr. F. E. Weeks and H. C. Barnard.
Also a Nominating Committee for officers to serve during the
ensuing year, viz., Messrs. Sheldon, Whiton and Gillett.
The reading of the Librarian's Report then followed.
Cash on hand
Mrs. H. A. Boss for dinner. . . . $12 50
Drayage S. P. Starr collection. . 40
D. P. Miles, stenographer..... 3 00
C. W. Manahan, treasurer 34 00
Rent of piano at annual meeting 3 00
Virginia Harrington, stenog-
rapher 3 00
Received from individuals for
purchase of half tone cuts . . .
Half tone cuts 25 50
Drayage on Reed cabinet and
Danforth sideboard i 50
Express on return photos and
C. W.' Manahan, treasurer 21 00
Express to Buffalo His. Soc. ... 40
THE FIRELANDS PIONEER.
Express on "Pioneers" to J. W.
Drayage on book and book case 95
C. W. Manahan, treasurer 2300
Collection for June meeting, 1899 54 00
Pioneers sold during year....*.... 58 46
$129 49 $186 19
hand June 21, 1899 $56 70
C. H. GALLUP,
find this report correct.
0. H. MAINS,
F. E. WEEKS,
H. C. BARNARD,
Treasurer's Report was next read.
Eal. invested in H. S. & L. Co. $533 23
Error— -footing up 1897 29 22
Received ftoni librarian 34 00
Dividends H. S. fk L. Co 16 09
Dividends II. S. & L. Co .' 18 38
Paid printing "Pioneer,'' Vol 11,
N- S. .'. $115 29
Received from librarian 21 00
Received from librarian 23 00
Bal. invested in H. S. & L. Co.. . $559 63
$674 92 $674 92
C. W. MANAHAN,
We find this report correct.
G. H. MAINS,
F. E. WEEKS,
H. C. BARNARD,
The Biograplier's Report of Rev. T. F. Hildreth was given
orally. He said : I have no written report. I have found that
I could not fill out, successfully, a biographical report, because
of the amount of matter that came into my hands each year from
the time of the annual meeting, till the publication of the min-
utes. I have received the account of the death of about twenty-
five or thirty that probably come under the head of "Pioneer,"
at this time to appear.
You remember — -you that were present — that a committee
was appointed a vear ago, to formulate some method of secur-
ing better information concerning the obituaries, or the death
notices of our Pioneers And tlie committee was authorized to
get some printed slips to be sent in to the townships through the
county, with certain questions tc> be replied to, and returned to
the Biographer. That committee never has taken any action as
far as T know. The names of the committee are given in the
report, and no formulated answers have been placed in my
hands. To Brother Pitezel and myself were referred simply
the form of the blanks ; when i was ready, or felt the most pro-
pitious time to do that work, Brother Pitezel was out of town.
I made some applications of different persons in the county,
sometimes here in town, and in a few instances by writing, and
I find the difficulty is of getting information regarding these
blanks, into the hands of persons that would interest themselves
and make such report and such responses as we desire. This is
the situation of the case now. Go into the townships and get
some person that is empowered, or authorized to get the neces-
sary data and forward to us, and I see that we are not getting
that exact, that authentic statements of the biographical history
of the Pioneers of the county that we desire, or that we ought to
have, and it is a question— how to secure ; how we shall get it ;
and I suggest that if we could institute a series of public meet-
374 THE FIRELANDS PIONEER.
in2:s in sonic form before the county, call the people together,
state the purposes of the Society, then a. brief history of the ,
Society, what we desire to accomplish, and enlist somebody in
each township that wc^uld take the thing in hand, I would be
glad to give any amount of time that is necessary to promote it,
by calhng together persons by public meetings ; by making ad-
dresses ; by putting such matter before them. Many of our real
Pioneers, whose real history would be interesting and valuable
don't appear, and how to cause them to appear, how to make
them accessible, is the question, and the real fact.
My full report will be ready in time for the "Pioneer" with
such authority as I can command. The further difference in
making our report is, that there are so many, that we are obliged
to eliminate much of the matter that comes to us through the
public, and parties feel that they have been neglected, or over-
looked, if we don't insert the entire matter that is forwarded by
some biographer. A few minutes though, will convince you
that it is impossible to do it. A colunm and a half of interest
to the family, and to the local community, would occupy the en-
tire space of the "Pioneer" in biographical statements alone, if
we should publish them as they come to hand. And I hope that if
there are any Pioneers here who die, and it is seen afterwards
that they are not fully reported, yovi will remember that it is the
lack of space, because we haven't space enough to give you the
attention you deserve, that you are not reported in the
"Pioneer." That is the state of the case.
Rev. J. H. Pitezel : Mr. President, I wish to make a mo-
tion. I realize as I did at the meeting v/hen Dr. Hildreth was
appointed to attend to this matter, that it is a matter of a great
deal of importance. The biographies increase every year, and
are so voluminous as a general thing, that there is certainly no
place in the "Pioneer" to print these documents as a whole.
The persons interested in these biographical sketches are under
the necessity of giving the facts in as condensed a form as possi-
ble, or the only other way I can see out of the difficulty, is that
whoever edits the "Pioneer" have authority to edit it in such a
way as to bring in the principal facts and circumstances, and
PROCEEDINGS. \ 375
leave out such matter as would not be interesting to the general
public. And to bring about something of this kind, I would
move you, sir, that Dr. Hildreth be appointed as a committee of
one— a committee of one can do a great deal more than a half
a dozen — to work up this business, as he may see best. He has
the time, and as iie has expressed, said he is willing to devote
time to get this matter before the people throughout the Society
and I think that the safest and best way to accomplish the
thing, is just to appoint Dr. Hildreth as a committee of one to
attend to this matter. '
Dr. T. F. Hildreth : The fair probabilities are, that your
next Biographer won't be Dr. Hildreth, and you had better fix
upon someone that, whoever the Biographer will be, he may do
such things. And furthermore, the serious question of the mat-
ter of abridgement will confront any man ; and the serious ques-
tion of how to get accurate information that would really make
a history of the Pioneers. Now the Pioneers proper, are be-
coming so few, where are we to draw the line of distinction be-
tween our actual Pioneers, and those who are not Pioneers?
If v/e insert their descendants, that opens up a very large volume
to fill, and the insertion of names that could hardly be reckoned
as identified with the Pioneer life of the Firelands, and yet who
are so related, as that tliey derive some personal importance in
connection with it. The work is really much more, and more
important, than at first blush will suggest itself. It seems to
m.e, that the most desirable thing, next to the life of the Society,
is to preserve in its absolute integrity, the biographical history
of the Pioneers of the Firelands of the Western Reserve. They
are becoming so few year after year, our ranks are becoming so
thin, and it is only a little way ofif that there will not be left an
actual Pioneer, in the proper sense of "Pioneer," on the Fire-
lands at all. And while it may be difficult (do you suppose I am
making a speech'' tl.iat is not my purpose), while it may be diffi-
cult to enlist the immediate descendants of the Pioneers in this
work, it is very desirable that we shall, in some way, get them
into line with us in this work; if we don't, we will soon be face
to face with a limit, where practically the Pioneer has gone out
376 THE FIRELANDS PIONEER.
of existence, because there is not enoug"h Pioneer blood left in
tlieni to perpetuate it — a very undersirable thing, it seems to
Mr. C. H. Gallup : This discussion is becoming somewhat
interesting, and that it may be fully understood, the volume of
the work required for discharging the duties of Biographer of
this Society, I will refer to the last number. There are some
forty odd pages, I think, covered under the head of biographies ;
starting on page 317 they run to 359 — 42 pages. Now I will
say ^o you, Mr. President, that when this matter came into my
hands, as one of the Publishing Committee, those notices that
appear, were of a volume that would have filled that whole book,
if they had been published in full. It required about three days'
time, solid work, to go through and strike out matter in these
biographies that was purely "gush ;" — would have been worth
nothing to the public, worth nothing as a record of the lives
here recorded, and would have been so burdensome that we
simply could not publish them. Now, a very great inconven-
ience is discovered, in fctllowing up these biography notices
that come to the Publishing Committee in the shape of a clip-
ping out of a newspaper ; — there is no date to it, the name of the
newspaper is not ev^n preserved upon it ; and it says : "'Died
yesterday morning, Mr. So-and-so," and then goes on with
a statement, giving what is considered proper. But from that
clipping, you cannot tell when that person died, or what year he
died in. I kept a memoranda of all those that were short in
data. After this work, ihere was quite an accumulation of
notes to be looked up. At the Probate Judge's ofifice the re-
turns are made once a year of deaths, and you have got to wait
a year to get them. There is no record of the recent deaths,
and only a very few years ago, there was no record at all in the
Probate Judge's ofifice. In other cases, by applying to the re-
latives, those deficiences were supplied, but altogether it re-
quired, I presume, if the time had all been concentrated into
business hours, fully one week to edit the obituaries that are
in this number. In. addition to that, the Librarian has made an
effort to secure pictures of those who have, in years past, been
prominent in the different walks of life on the Firelands, and as
a result, we have a number of illustrations in here of people
whom you all know, many of them who have passed away
thirty and forty years ago. There, for instance, is a picture of a
pair of twins — Mrs. vSarali Iloyt and Mrs. Hannah Jones. They
were captured at the age of five years, by the Indians at the
time of the Wvoming massacre and carried off, but afterwards
ransomed. Those are historic characters. There is another
one — Mary Hathaway. She was of Quaker parentage, lived
near Milan, and has been dead many years ; but there is a cor-
rect, and very correct ])ictiire of her; by the older people of the
Firelands she was known and admired. There are pictures of
S. P. Hildreth, formerly one of tlie Directors in this Association.
Mr. and Mrs. John Kennan, father and mother of George Ken-
nan, the Siberian traveller. There is another noted character I
wish to call your attention to — picture of Mrs. Cornelia Ma-
son. 1 venture to assert tha-t there are not five persons in this
room that knew her, and yet those five persons, if there are that
many, remember her with love and affection. She was one of
the early settlers in this country ; she and her husband came in
with the Underbill family, and her husband was killed by the
Indians on the Peninsula. Mrs. Mason then returned to Avery,
and it is of her they tell the story that she hid her valuable
household gOods m the well ihat is on the hill where the Renap-
pi Club House now stands.
Now this question as to obituaries, is a very important one.
It is important first, that you distinguish wl]ether a person is
entitled to recognition here as a Pioneer, and in answering that
question, you look back tlirough the records, and find that this
Society established some ten or twelve years ago, the limit.
Those who came in here as early as 1840, and their descendants,
were Pioneers. That is the dividing line — 1840. Now, that is
the first point to determine. Are the people who desire notice
descendants of those who came in before 1840? If so they are
Pioneers. The next point: When were they born. Where?
When did thev die? Where? Have they left children? If
so, their names, present residence, if you can get it, and in that
378 THE FIRELANDS PIONEER.
way, give a family history. You will find that there has been
pains taken to trace their family histories, and that particular
pains have been taken to refer back to the former volumes of the
"Pioneer," in wh^ch anything" appears in relation to these par-
ties, and that is the joint work of the Biographer and the
Publishing Commitlee. The Biographer can turn over to the
Publishing Committee the copy, in such shape alphabtically
arranged, as to save a vcrv large amount of labor for the Pub-
lishing Committee. I have said this much that it may be fully
understood, the amount of work required to get them in pre-
I wish now to say, Mr. President, that in the future work
of publishing our "Pioneer," the members of this Society, can
render verv great aid, if they ^vill induce neighbors and friends,
who have friends that they desire noticed in this publication at
a future time, to furnish the Publishing Committee, a good
photograph of the party, together with $1.50 to pay for a half-
tone cut ; in all cases of that kind, we will publish free of charge,
with the obituary. We now have this book upon sale, and as
you understand, we accumulate the fund for paying for this
publication by the sale of the "Pioneer," aided by what little the
income of our permanent fund is, and what we do by begging.
Mi. President, in addition to the donations mentioned
some time ago, T omitted one that just came in this morning.
It was donated to The Firelands Historical Society, with the
compliments of Rev. John H. Pitezel. T refer to a Pioneer
Sketch. It is in a publication of "The Western Christian
In addition to tliis, I would state that yesterday, I discov-
ered among a bundle of old papers that had been found down
at the Episcopal Church, or rectory, the original minutes of the
first meeting of the citizens of Norwalk. that organized an Epis-
copal Church Society. This original paper is in the handwric-
ing of William Gardiner, and it gives the list of the parties who
On the twenty-first of January, 182 t, was the first baptism.
The first name that appears, is that of Louise Williams, who
married Dr. Bronson. and lived in Mansfield; Dr. Bronson was
an Episcopal minister. The second was Theodore Williams,
now living in Norwalk.
I consider this a very valuable find. It was supposed that
this record was burned up at the fire of 1838 that destroyed the
residence of Rev. Mr. Punderson. He was at that time the
Rector of St. Paul's Church, and this document has lain hidden
among a lot of old papers and not recognized ; not known that
it was in existence for a half a century. Tt just came to hand yes-
terday. It will appear in full in the next "Pioneer."
Hon. R. R. Sloane: In connection with this subject, I
hope some remarks upon this subject of biographies will not be
deemed improper, and I make them more to direct the attention
of our future Biographer.
It is a subject that is fraught with a great deal of difficulty,
as it has heretofore devolved a great deal of labor upon my
friend, the I^ibrarian. and of course the work of the Biographer
has been laborious and I have been desirous of calling the atten-
tion of the Society to this matter. It does seem to me, the
Society has acted in a wrong way, in the publishing
of biographies, inasmuch as they do not propose ■ simply
to publish the biographies of Huron county, but the
biographies of the Pioneers of the Firelands. Now I
suppose wdiat is true of ' this present number, is equally
true of all the past numbers of the biographies published in our
"Pioneer," and, understand me, I do not want in the slightest
degree to reflect upon the Biographer, or upon the Librarian, or
upon the Publishmg Committee, but had I been the Biographer
of this Society, I would have received such biographies as might
be sent me, and would have printed those that were proper for
publication. Our Librarian has just stated what the limit is — an
individual who has resided upon the Firelands since 1840.
Now take this num.Der: Here are several names who were
never Pioneers at all, and yet in this whole list, as I count hur-
riedly, there are twelve Pioneers from the townships of Erie
county — part of the Firelands; the rest are all from Huron
county, and four or five of them outside of Huron county, and
380 THE FIREIvANDS PIONEER.
who apparently never lived upon the Firelands. Now that
shows at once that the system or plan is wrong. It seems to
me, that in j)nblishing the biogTaifhies of the Firelands, Huron
county would be taken by the townships, and the same way Erie
countv ; and if there are more in the respective townships of this
county than can be published in one number, take the actual
Pioneers, and let the others follow in some future number. I
don't suppose that Krie county is any more healthy than Huron
county. I don't know as we have ever had a man, or a woman
either, live to the green old age that onr friend Martin Kellogg
lived. He lived to near io6 years, 1 beheve. Men marry in our
county, and they die, as many of us know to our sorrow, that the
grave hides them from our daily admiration and our love, and
of course wc feel thac these Pioneers, men and women who were
truly Pioneers, who came into these wilds of Ohio, when it cost
the life-blood, when it cost the vigor of youth, when it cost the
loving embraces of the mother, in groans of agony, almost, over
her dear children, threatened with some dire disease, before the
helping hand of a physician could reach them in these wilds, and
I feel as a Pioneer, tor I have lived on these lands, say for more
than seventy years, as a son of a Pioneer who came here in 1815,
and taught the first school ever taught in the township of New
Haven, in this county, in the winter of 1815 and 18 16, as the son
of a mother, who, as a girl of 14, went into the town of Lyme, this
county, of which our Pirother Barnard is today a resident, we
feel that these memoirs of these old Pioneers ought to be pub-
lished in this book, in preference to those who are not Pioneers.
Now, without criticizing, for 1 do not do this in the spirit of crit-
icism, here is J. D. Chamberlain, who died in 1898: It don't
seem tliat he ever Hved on the Firelands at all. Also Isaac
Brown, who was married in 1834: he lived in Medina countv
until 1 85 1, when he moved into Fairfield township — not a
I find a great many of that kind, and I want to say to you.
Brother Gallup, that we have a pile of obituaries ready for publi-
cation, names of which you have read, born in this town of Nor-
Vv'alk, and who have only recently been gathered bv the Great
Reaper, and who, in every sense of the word, were Pioneers. A