Florence Amelia Wilson Houston.

Maxwell history and genealogy, including the allied families of Alexander, Allen, Bachiler, Batterton, Beveridge, Blaine, Brewster, Brown, Callender, Campbell, Carey, Clark, Cowan, Fox, Dinwiddie, Dunn, Eylar, Garretson, Gentry, Guthrie, Houston, Howard, Howe, Hughes, Hussey, Irvine, Johnson, Kimes, online

. (page 1 of 59)
Online LibraryFlorence Amelia Wilson HoustonMaxwell history and genealogy, including the allied families of Alexander, Allen, Bachiler, Batterton, Beveridge, Blaine, Brewster, Brown, Callender, Campbell, Carey, Clark, Cowan, Fox, Dinwiddie, Dunn, Eylar, Garretson, Gentry, Guthrie, Houston, Howard, Howe, Hughes, Hussey, Irvine, Johnson, Kimes, → online text (page 1 of 59)
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Dr. David TT. Maxwel



MAXWELL HISTORY



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AND



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INCLUDING THE ALLIED FAMILIES OF

Alexander, Allen, Bachiler, Batterton, Beveridge, Blaine, Brewster.
Brown, Callender, Campbell, Carey, Clark, Cowan, Fox, Dinwid-
die, Dunn, Eylar, Ga rret son , Gentry, Guthrie, Houston, How-
ard, Howe, Hughes, Hussey, Irvine, Johnson, Kimes,
McCullough, Moore , Pemherton, Rosenmuller, Smith,
Stapp, Teter, Tilford, Uzzell, Vawter, Ver
Planck, Walker, Wiley, Wilson.



By



FLORENCE WILSON HOUSTON.
LAURA COWAN BLAINE,
ELLA DUNN MELLETTE.

Also



Baptismal Record of the Rev. John Craig, D. D., of Augusta County, Vir-
ginia, 1740-1749, Containing One Thousand Four Hun-
dred and Seventy-four Names.

(First Publication of the Original Record.)

Press of C. E. Pauley & Co.,

Indianapolis Engraving Co.

Indianapolis, Indiana.



THE~SEW YORK
PUBLIC LIBRARY j

7; 387

A8TOR, LENOX AND
TiLDEN FOUNDATIONS

,R J!. 916 tl



Copyright 1916

BY

Florence Wilson Houston



• v * • •
v



•• . . • •



TO

OUF GRANDCHILDREN

["HIS BOOK IS AFFECTIONATELY DEDICATED.



• • « * »• a

• »• , •• •»

* * • r #

••' • • • * * .

. - • ...• ; : ••.



■"•■•••:V/.\/?V



. IMERICANS.

They love the land because it is their own,
And scorn to give aught other reason why.

Would shake hands with a king upon his throne.
And think it kindness to his majesty.

F. G. Halleck.



• *

* * *

• * . .



FOREWORD



It is vision without intelligence that sees only a present, and takes
no cognizance of its being pari of a past and of a future.

It is vision without discernment that, looking- backward, does not
recognize the foundation upon which the homes of our nation are built,
in the unmeasured array of toil, danger, difficulty, endurance, unutter-
able suffering and anguish, and the courage, strength of spirit, and
sublime hope that are there recorded.

It is virion without grace- thai, discerning this truth, is not quickened
to a profound gratitude and an inborn sense that we repay our debt to
the past only by building with joy for the future.

May our vision of the past bring to us that rare grace of gratitude,
from which there shall be born into our lives new worth of such meus
ure that those coming after us may, in looking backward, receive from
their vision a new inspiration, and a gracious strength toward a higher
and nobler life.



PREFACE



In the examination of family genealogies it has been our privilege
to make, we are persuaded that such work is precisely the parallel of
building a home — the result has little in common with the original plan.
The foundation may remain unchanged.

This is true of the work herewith presented. It was begun with the
intention to trace one line of a family back to the emigration from the
old world. This seems a simple thing, and might be, if revelation, new
views, dormant sentiments and kindred forces were without influence.
But it is safe to say that no one may make a mental excursion into Old
Virginia during Colonial or Revolutionary times without having oik
point of view changed and one's spiritual horizon greatly enlarged.

We may have begun the study of a line with only an historical
interest — strengthened by its being the history of an ancestor. Con-
fusion often occurs by means of there having been more than one indi
vidual of the same name. Then the one sought must be de-
termined by some record — a joint deed, a will, a marriage license —
something that establishes a family group. But this has only widened
our interest and increased our knowledge. It has in equal proportion
increased our incentive to further research.

A name appears in places of danger, of high courage and splen-
did achievement. Here were people who, with motives born of noble
spirits, love of liberty, patriotism, and the true love of their race, came
into the wilderness and, fighting off the savage and the wild beast, break
ing away from the tyranny of the mother country— their one hold on the
civilized world of their knowledge— quarried out the granite blocks that
are the foundation of our government.

Here is one who carried from the old world the memorj of
his near kindred, victims of inquisitions under Claverhouse, while the)
were at worship. Here are two— closely associated in Scotland, united
by marriage here, who left their home land because of devotion to
their religion— braved the danger of the wilderness to gain the free-
dom of spirit, both of them to witness the murder by Indians of some
loved one upon their own hearthstone. By such lives as these have
come the rich possessions of today; the widespread peace and hap-
piness, the great security, the leisure to enjoy what is beautiful, the
freedom from drudging care which alone has made possible the study
from which has sprung such gigantic advancement— the progress in



science and art. A wave of thanksgiving comes
tion that "these were forebears," and something
worship of ancestors springs into life. I >ne s] iril
Suddenly we are realizing that all men arc of on<
is our brother. The view has broadened

The work here presented is not the resull i
two or three, but rather the concerl
We could not say bow many brut- contribul
the clan has come out strongly in the r<
evidence of identity. Chief among the inl
were Mrs. Man M Shryer, Dr. Mlison ' ; 1 and Di H

well. The untimely death of Dr Mlison Maxwell,
was an incalculable loss to the entire famih and il

Neither do we claim thai the w i compl<

The few years of investigation are not
a half that must be scanned in detail much l

stroyed in Virginia to make the collectin

easy task. We have the strong ho tb. lh<

who have among their record
of this book that, taken with the-
of that which we have sought the unbi
their emigration to the present tim< Shoul
aroused by the publication of this
aroused in those who can contribute phase* of 1
it would be a source of congratulation thai :i '.iter editi
necessary to sel forth the further revealed history t !

These pioneers were nation builders V
acquaintance with the sturd) i haracters
devotion to the high purpose of their live
of indebtedness.

As Maxwell heirs we must be impressed '
clearly had our forebears felt their relation to I
all time can give us no finer motto than thai
"Je suis pret." ("I am ready." |

It is pleasure to acknowledge our ind<
the imi iate family, who, from friendship, enthusi
generous sympathy, have given aid. Dr Joseph Brown I
retary-General of the Presbyterian Historical -
of Richmond. Ky. ; Dr. K. M. Shepard, of Spi '

port, Abingdon, Va. ; Henry C. Tyndall TT, of '
Cowan. Washington, D. C. ; Miss Pearl Stone. Mi
Miss Carey Pierce, of Springfield, Mo— these and many oth
kindliness have our sincere thanks. I } \



i ■:

LIA HOUSTON

'•'.'■11 I ton -ton



ive been particularly fortu-
M Houston.

iiu'iits of mind in the pur-
ilk' past where genera-
ami gone and left few records

undertaking, indefatigable

mfident hone and un-

r\ , gleaned from in-

ed and welded together.

child of William Henry and

tie, I 'Town County, Ohio.

: it\ . Indianapolis, Indiana,

has ever been an active church

especially in Literary

tits were teachers, and from

The Carey family espe-

preserving all vital records.

the sisters, Mice and Phoebe



us : • Mrs. Houston is finished.

• I [istorian, she has created

tfhich -peaks from every page.

| il e a dream of the night."

life of our ancestors of gen-

• n a heretofore silent past,

of those who have so long

,,-, to you. Mrs. Houston.
! appreciation of the work
d.




/y



I II VRTEK B^ KING WILLIAM THE LION TO ROBERT SON
1 'I MA( ' US, OF \ CARUCATE OF LAND IN THE
ILkkllom OF LESEDWIN, 28th December, 1200.

Willelmus Dei i Rex Scottorum, omnibus probis hominibus

tocius terre sue, i lericis e1 laicis, salutem. Sciant presentes et futuri me

t hac carta mea confirmasse Roberto filio Maccus,
unam carucatam terre in territorio de Lesedwin, illam scilicet quam Her-
bertus de M. comes meus el Galfridus clericus per preceptum

meum ei tradiderui nendam sibi et heredibus suis, de me et heredi-

bus meis, in feudo e1 hereditate: Reddendo inde annuatim viginti solidos,
scilicet, dedam ad m Sancti Martini et decern solidus ad Pente-

ndo omnia seruicia que ad terram illam pertinent, et que
terra ilia >nsueuit, preter arare et metere: Testibus, Willelmo

cellario meo, Ricardo de Prebenda, clerico men.
Philippe dt Valon imerario meo, Willelmo Cumin, Willelmo de

ll.n.i. Willelmo de Muntfort, Alexandro vicecomite de Striueline, Ri-
cardo till" I In- Uexandro de Sintun. Apud Forfar, xxviij die
I tecembri

From 'Mem Maxwells of Pollok," by Wm. Fraser."




X



s

o



U



O
<v

>

-
U



tifo




Calderwood Castle.




dMajrtoell, of $oI<k.



MAXWELL OF POLOC



Anns — \rg., on a saltire, sa., an annulet, or, stoned, ppr.

Crest— A Turk's head in profile, ppr." Another and more modern
crest is a stag's head, erased, ppr.

Supporters— Two lions, sejant.

Motto — 1 am ready.

"The annulet was taken (as the old Maxwell memorials state) in rum
memoration of eknloits of an early chief in Palestine during a crusade.
To this also max allude the old Maxwell of Poloc crest of a Turk's head
in profile, home by the family when the Poloc and Calderwood estate
was separate. 1 : the dee^l is dated 1400. Sir John Maxwell, the Governor
of Dumbarton, father of Poloc and Calderwood, seals the deed with a
lurk's head as crest, and two lions, supporters. This deed and seal-
impression - ill exist at Poloc." (From John Bernard Burke's "Author
ized Arms," printed in 1860.)

'I he older writers attached the greatest importance and attributed a
fabulous ;n Siquity to the use of armorial bearings. The science of h<
>'■ ,ildrv nas i been traced beyond the twelfth century. Necessity ac
counted fqts origin. Warriors in armor all looked alike, and so
means of finguishing' them became necessary. The shield being the
most consjious part of the armor, it was natural that it should receive
the adornM- Prom this simple beginning the whole science of her-
aldry devj'ed.

\< tj B jassed. a great deal of formality was attached to a grant
\rms: s - fnv >' ee tnat Auntiently from the beginninge it hath byn a
customed! well gouerned Comon welthes that the baringe of certayn
marks ifields comonly called Armes haue byn and are the onl)
and de^ trat i° ns ot ' prowes and valoure diuersley distributed, as also
remem/ ons for g° ocl nfe and conversation deriued from Auncesl
vnto rfity-" Arms and crest were ratified and confirmed to i
worth' the distinction "& to his posterity for euer and he and they
to vsJ re & shew f °rth the same at all tymes and in all places at his
and tl f fee liberty & pleasure * * *"



EXPLANATIONS



In compiling this work we have used no unusual abbreviations,
using b.. born; m., married: d.. died: num., unmarried: p., page; vol..
volume.

hi order to make the genealogy clear we have numbered the genera-
tions from the first known or most important ancestor as follow

First generation marked I. II. III.

Second generation marked 1. 2. 3.

Third generation marked (1). (2). (3 I.

Fourth generation marked A. B. C.

Fifth generation marked (A). (B). (C).

Sixth generation marked a. b. c.

Seventh generation marked (a), (b). (c).

The children of Bezaleel and Margaret Maxwell are inhered with
the Roman numerals. While these are not the first kriownf the family,
we have taken their children as a basis from which to st, each child
making a separate branch in the Maxwell tree, and numhe| | [[ \\j
since each is the head of his particular branch. — Editor.



INDEX OF ILLUSTRATIONS

Frontispiece, Dr. David H. Maxwell

Page
c aerlaverock Castle _xii-b

Calderwood Castle x .

Maxwell Arms _xii-t

Home of Bezaleel Maxwell 44

John A. .Maxwell, D. D ;_>

Maria (Maxwell) Deane 84

Anna ( Maxwell) Cowan

John W. Cowan 87

Judge John Maxwell Cowan 88

Harriet (Janney) Cowan 88

/Mien Trimble Blaine 89

Laura (Cowan) Blaine 89

Mary (Dunn) Maxwell 99

Gen. Tilghman A. Howard 10f>

Martha (Maxwell) Howard 10:

Judge Samuel F. Maxwell 111

The Hon. David H. Maxwell 119

Home of Marcus 11. and Mary M. Shryer 122

Margaret (Maxwell) McCollough 134

The Hon. S. M. Houston 142

Margaret (McCollough) Houston 142

Edward Maxwell Houston 145

Florence (Wilson) Houston 14°

Do Verne Carey Houston 145

Caroline (Harrison) Houston and son De Verne 1-^

Junius Wilson Houston

Mary (Brown) Houston and daughter Meredith - - 145

The Rev. James McCollough

Kittie (Latham) McCollough 14/

The Rev. William L. McCollough 152

Matilda (Maxwell) Batterton l5S

Ella (Dunn) Mellette

David Hervey Maxwell, M. D.



James Darwin Maxwell, M. D lt) ]

Allison Maxwell, M. D l63

Leslie Howe Maxwell, M. D 163



The Dunn Homestead 185

Elinor (Brewster) Dunn 207

Old Augusta Stone Church 247

Joseph C. Anderson 251

Alexander M. Blaine 319

Rachel (Huff) Blaine 319

The Hon. Thomas E. Teter 360

The Rev. William H. Wilson 418

Catherine (Carey) Wilson 418

Dr. William McF. Brown 426

The Hon. John L. Beveridge 439

Elizabeth (Eylar) Beveridge 439

The Rev. Beverly Vawter 463



ORIGIN OF THE MAXWELLS

(As Given by Sir Herbert Maxwell in His History of Dumfries and

Galloway.)



"Permanent surnames were unknown in those early days. Terri-
torial Lords were designated by titles of their lands, in addition to their
baptismal names ; but members of Celtic families had only a personal
name, and a to-name. not hereditary, indicative either of their paternity
or of some peculiarity of appearance, character or occupation.

"Sometimes, as in the case of Bruce, Douglas and Maxwell, power-
ful lords acquired lands in Dumfriesshire and retained their territorial
names derived from their possessions elsewhere. Bruce was "de Brns"
in Normandy. Douglas was "of Douglas" — dub glas, the dark stream
which gave the name to his lands in Lanarkshire ; while Maxwell, a
name often disguised as the Norman "Maccusville," was in reality a sal-
mon-pool on the Tweed, close to Kelso Bridge, still called Maxwheel.
Maccus, the son of Unwin, a Saxon lord, obtained the fishery before
1150, which was then named Maccns's well, or pool. The lands adja-
cent got the name, and the descendants of Maccus became known as
Herbert, John or Aymer "de Maccuswel," and became a powerful fam-
ily in Dumfriesshire and Galloway. As time went on the regular sur
names became a necessity among all classes, territorial surnames be
came diffused among the vassals and serfs who, under the clan system
which prevailed as generally on the Border as in the Highlands, often
assumed the names of their chieftains or feudal superiors."

THE MAXWELL KAM11.V CONSPICUOUSLY CONNECTED WITH THE HISTORY OF

SCOTLAND.

The ancient and honorable house of Maxwell, so conspicuously con
nected with the history of Scotland, and considered one of the mosl
distinguished in North Britain, is generally believed to have been founded
by Maccus, son of Undwyn, in the twelfth century.

There is another tradition regarding the founder of the family-
that Maccus was the son of Anlaf, King of Northumbria, 940 A. D., and



2 MAXWELL HISTORY

that descendants of Maccus, with fourteen other families, retired into
Scotland when England submitted to William the Conqueror, 1066.

The name Maxwell, or Maccus, is of Saxon origin, according to
some authorities, who think it is derived from Maccus — or Maxen — an
ancient town of Saxony. Maccuswell, meaning Maccus's well, or pool,
was the first form of the name.

The name which began as Maccuswell, or Macceswell. became in
course of time Maxwell, the transition being a natural one.

The son of Maccus was Sir Herbert de Maccuswell. His son was
John de Maccuswell, great chamberlain of Scotland, and Sheriff of
Roxburghshire from 1203 to 1207. He was succeeded by his brother,
Sir Aymer de Maccuswell. Lord of Caerlaverock, who in the time of
Alexander III was justiciary of Galloway. He left two sons. Sir Her-
bert and Sir John. From Sir Herbert sprang the Lords Maxwell, Earls
of Nithsdale; from Sir John, the Maxwells of Calderwood. of Pollock,
of Cardoness, and the Barons and Earls of Farnham.

Tt was Sir Herbert, son of Maccus. who was the first to adopt the
name in its present form — Maxwell. This was in the twelfth centurv,
and Maxwell is therefore one of the first surnames assumed in Scotland,
surnames not being generally adopted until the twelfth century.

To go back a little, Maccus the first, or Macchus, as the name ap-
pears in some records, gave his name to the lands of Maxton, in Rox-
burghshire ; and in Kelso, the same shire, there is a village called
Maxwell, since 1150. Previously it was Maccuswell or Macchusville or
Maccusville. It is on the Tweed, and was given to the family by David,
King of Scotland. From Maccus, Mexborough in Yorkshire, and Max-
stoke in Warwick, received their names. The Maxwells also had posses
sions in Lanarkshire, Monreith, Kirkcudbrightshire and Renfrewshire.
One important seat of the family almost since it foundation is Caer-
laverock Castle in Dumfriesshire. The Maxwells have always num-
bered their acres by the thousands. One of the largest land owners in
Scotland today is Sir William Francis Maxwell.

Present seats of the family are Perthshire. Lanarkshire and Kirk-
cudbrightshire. From earliest times we find that family pledging their
lives, their fortunes and their sacred honors to their country.

"Gallant John" won his spurs at Chevy Chase, 1388. John, fourth
Lord Maxwell, was at the battle of Flodden. September 9. 1513.

Robert, ninth Lord Maxwell, was celebrated, like his g-allanr ances-
tor, Sir Eustace Maxwell, in the time of Edward I, by his brave defense
of Caerlaverock against the Parliamentarians in 1640. James Maxwell
was groom of the bedchamber to Charles T.

Thomas Maxwell commanded the rear guard at the Rattle of Ath-



AND GENEALOGY 3

lone in 1691, and "held the bridge" on that eventful day, as we read in
Macauley. In Great Britain's recent wars the family have won hon<
upon honors. Major-General Sir John Grenfell Maxwell was Military
Governor of Pretoria. Captain David Lockhart Maxwell won tin-
Queen's medal of five clasps and the King's medal of two clasps in South
Africa.

Major Francis Maxwell, A. D. C. to General Kitchener, was deco-
rated for gallantry. William Maxwell, war correspondent of London
papers, was with Lord Kitchener and with Lord Roberts in every en-
gagement. He accompanied the Duke and Duchess of Cornwall and
York when they visited Canada, and he was also of the royal party
when the German Emperor made his memorable visit to the Holy Land.

The secretary of British plenipotentiaries at The Hague Peace Con-
ference in 1899 was Richard Ponsonby Maxwell.

The family has its poet, in James Maxwell, who was called the "Poet
of Paisley." He was living in the early part of the eighteenth century.

William Maxwell was a friend of the great Dr. Johnson, and fur-
nished Boswell with considerable data, in which some of Johnson's best
sayings are embodied.

Margaret Maxwell was a Scottish poetess of the eighteenth century.
"Queen Elizabeth's Looking Glass of Grace and Glory" was written by
James Maxwell, born in 1581.

Sir William Stirling Maxwell. 1818-1878, of Perthshire, was a fa-
mous man of letters.

Sir Herbert Eustace Maxwell, author, is now the president of the
Society of Antiquities of Scotland.

The family's man of science is James Clerk Maxwell, born in 1831.
He took the first step toward the discovery of the true nature of elec-
trical phenomena.

The Church has honored the family in the person of John, Scottish
Archbishop at the end of the sixteenth century.

Before the middle of the eighteenth century the Maxwells had found
their way across the Atlantic. One of them settled in New England
about 1734 with his young son, Hugh. Another pilgrim ancestor was
John, who found a home in New Jersey in 1746, at Greenwich, Warren
County. William was another Pilgrim father, who also settled in New
Jersey. He was a patriot, good and true, and represented New Jersey
in the Continental Congress of 1775, and was a Brigadier-General in
the Revolution. He also served in Colonial wars, being in constant
service from 1774 to the close of the Revolution. It was he who pur-
sued Sir Henry Clinton across New Jersey. He was a man of great
bravery, and was much esteemed by Washington, who said: "He is



4 MAXWELL HISTORY

an honest man, a warm friend to his country and firmly attached to its
interests."

The Maxwells were among the first to make a stand for liberty, and
one of Boston's famous "tea party" was Thompson Maxwell, who was
a ranger in the French war from 1758-1763. He was at Bunker Hill,
and was a Brigader-General before the close of the war. He was born
in Bedford, Massachusestts, in 1742, and was the brother of Hugh,
already mentioned, who was also in the thickest of the fight at Bunker
Hill, where he was wounded, and at the close of the war he was a Lieu-
tenant-Colonel.

In the War of 1812 we find another Hugh, with the rank of General.
In Heitman's "Officers of the American Revolution" we find a goodly
list of names.

The family has always been a power in the South, early settling in
Virginia, and from there spreading to different States of the Union.
One of the distinguished members of the Virginia branch of the family
was William Maxwell, author, who was born at Norfolk in 1784. He
was a member of the Legislature and a Senator. He edited the literary
department of the New York Journal of Commerce and established the
Virginia Historical Register.

The illustrious members of the family in Georgia were Augustus
Emmet Maxwell, jurist and Senator, born in 1820, and Dr. George
Maxwell, born in 1827, inventor of the laryngoscope.

In "Americans of Royal Descent" we find interesting data relative
to the family, and that certain branches may claim lineage from Alfred
the Great, from Rhodi Maur, King of Wales, 876 A. D. ; from William
the Conqueror, from Duffus, seventy-eighth King of Scotland, 1000
A. D., and from Marchertus, 118th Monarch of Ireland, 1119.

Motto — Je suis pret. (I am ready.)

There is a pretty story regarding the motto. When Wallace, in
great straits, was hiding in caves and glens near Lanark, the leader of
the Maxwell clan hunted him up and offered the services of himself
and his followers. To this Wallace replied, "Readv, ave ready, noble
Scot." — By Eleanor Lexington.

CAERLAVEROCK CASTLE.

(From "Castles and Keeps of Scotland," by Frank Roy Frappie.)

This is said to be the "Ellangowan" of Guy Mannering. It is an
interesting and venerable ruin, situated about seven miles south of Dum-
fries, where the River Nith flows into Solway Firth. It occupies a sit-
uation which must have been very strong, being placed at the edge of
an extensive marsh, which surrounded the castle on all sides except the



AND GENEALOGY 5

north. About the base of the castle walls runs a wide and deep moat,
which is still full of water. Outside of this is a great earthen mound
seventy feet wide.

The approach to the castle is from the north, where it is joined by
a drawbridge to firm ground. The castle as it stands today shows the
work of several generations of builders. The triangular walls of en-
ceinte belong to a very early period, and were probably standing when
Edward I. besieged the castle in 1300. The castle at this period was
like all the early castles, a simple enceinte, probably provided with
towers similar to those now standing. The castle was finally taken and
the towers demolished. It was soon rebuilt, and the front erected at
this time, identified by the shape of an Edwardian splayed loophole, is
about ten feet behind the present front. The round towers were rebuilt
at a later period on the stumps of those destroyed by Edward, and at
the same time the round towers at the southern corners were erected.
The buildings of the courtyard were built at two or three different
times, first those on the west, and, last of all, about 1620, the fine Renais-
sance structures on the east and south sides.

The entrance to the castle is admirably defended. The entrance
passage passes between the two great towers, with a guardroom on the
east side, and is considerably contracted before its opening into the



Online LibraryFlorence Amelia Wilson HoustonMaxwell history and genealogy, including the allied families of Alexander, Allen, Bachiler, Batterton, Beveridge, Blaine, Brewster, Brown, Callender, Campbell, Carey, Clark, Cowan, Fox, Dinwiddie, Dunn, Eylar, Garretson, Gentry, Guthrie, Houston, Howard, Howe, Hughes, Hussey, Irvine, Johnson, Kimes, → online text (page 1 of 59)