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elements had almott entirely defaced
the inscriptions. On one of the
slabs alone was then visible the following
imperfect inscription, nearly illegible, and
which was originally cut in rude charac-
ters: "Born 1728; died at the age of
twenty- eight years, four months and four
days"— showing that the remains under
that slab bad been interred in 1756—181
years ago I As the slabs were nearly
alike and the gronnd was isolated and
deserted, the probability was the dust re-
posing beneath them was once an entire
family whose name and history had long
since passed away, and left no descends
ants to keep this deserted rural cemetery
in a decent condition. If any of our
readers can give us the exact location of
this ground, we will visit it in the hope
of deciphering some of the inscriptions.

War History as she is Wrote in
1887.— The New York Star contains a
history of the Eleventh Regiment of that
State, and its prowess in war and peace.
Partot its war record is a most astonish-
ing one. Here it is, enemy and all, in a
skirmish from Fort Washington to the
"walls of Gettysburg :" "The next ex-
perience of the regiment was in 1868. It
was at the time when the Confederates
were making a determined attempt to
capture Pennsylvania. All the available
men were at the front, and in the emer-
gency the Eleventh Regiment was again
called on and they readily responded.
It was on June 16th that the order
came for them to proceed to Harrisburg,
Pa., to repel the invasion of that
State by the rebels. Accordingly, the
regiment hastened off, arriving' at the
ecene of action on June 20, where they at
once went into camp. On June 28 they
broke camp, leaving behind all their prop-
erty, knapsacks, overcoats, blankets and
tents in charge of a detachment of twenty
men. They msrebed to Oyster's Point,
eight miles south ot Harrisburg, where
they fell in with the enemy, with whom
they had a brisk skirmish. They were
then withdrawn into Fort Washington,
and after the eventful battle they were
in hot pursuit of the retreating foe, and
for several days after they were con-

Digitized by



Historical and Genealogical.

fitantly on the move, following closely on
tbe footsteps of the rebels and dislodging
them from every position. On through
Maryland and up to the very walls of
Ctettysbur*; the regiment pursued them.
There they arrived July 6 and encamped
near that memorable battlefield."


it The following copy of a document in
cay possession may be of some interest in
-the history of the Cumberland Valley.
Patrick Jack named in it is Colonel Jack,
&n officer of the Provincial and Revolu
4ionary ware, sometimes called the
"Black Rifle" noticed in Hazard's Regi$*
ier (vol iv p. 890-416. i. c]

Know all men by these presents that I
James Ward of hopewell towensbip &
Lancaster County in the provence of
pensalveniea Teaman do make over all
my Right Intrest and Cleam of a track of
"Land laying on back Crike Joning to
Matthew Arthors pleas ouperward of ye
sad Creek to pad Matthew Arthors of
Antrim township & County aforsaid with
all itts apertencess there unto belonging
to his heirs and assignee for and in Con-
sideration of twieoty three pounds Coar-
«ant L\ful money of sad provence the
fleciept whereof I acknowledge &
-to be therwith fully satifled and
I do oblige myselfe my hears
3£zacators & admioisterators or a
eigns to warent and Defend ye said traick
-of Land from all persons Cliaming under
me any right thereto, the Proprietor Ex*
cepted, & al way Excepted to ye perform-
ance of the afforsaid bargain. I bind my
eelfe hears or asignes in the pennall sume
-of forty^six pounds of the afforsaid Cor-
-?nce. In witness whereunto I sett my
hand and seal this, day of Siptember,
one thousand Be van hundred & forty
.Eight, 1748.

James Ward [l. s.].

In the presence of us,

Alex'b Nesmith,

Edward Johnston.

[On the back.]
-Cumberland County t«:

Before me, the subscriber, one of his
Majesty's Justices, came Edward John
«ton, and was duly Sworn as the Law

Directs, that he was a witness to the
within Bill of Sale.

Edward Johnston.
8worn and Subscribed this tenth Dsy
of March, 1772, Before

Wm. Brown.
Cumberland County $$.

Entered in the office for Recording of
Deeds for Cumberland County afores dd
in Book C, volume first, Page 419, In
Testimoney Whereof I have hereto Af-
fixed the seal of the Office aforesaid the
28d Day ot December, 1778.

For Turbutt Francis, Ecq'r,
John Agnew.
I sine over all all my right of the with
in billesale to Patrick Jack for value re •
sead, as witness my hand and Bel this
first of November, 1767.

James Arther, [sel ]
Thomas Beard.


Dives x Balep.


Recording 4 S.


Samuel Scott settled at Big Chickies
creek, at the point where the Paztang
and Conestogoe road was afterwards laid
out in 1786-7. about the year 1726 or '27.
When the Paztang road was completed
he erected a tavern, and also built a grist
mill, both of which in their time became
places of note. Through the influence of
Mr. Scott another road was laid out a
few years later than the Paztang road,
leading from the Swatara valley past the
mill of Richard Allison on Conewago
creek, now Colebrook grist mill, to a
point intersecting the Paztang road near
Mr. Scott's dwelling. Mr. Scott became
very rich for that period. He married
first a sister of James Poake (the father
of James E. Polk), and of David Poake,
to each of whom he devised by will
thirty pounds. There was no Issue by
this marriage. He married secondly Han-
nah [Boyd?] who seems to have been
a person of great energy and thrift. The
family were strict members of the Pres-
byterian church at Donegal Springs.
When Rev. Colin McFarquahr came
there, in 1776, he made his home with
this family, and after the death of Mr.
Scott in 1777, he remained with the fern-

Digitized by


Historical and Genealogical.


ily until the close of the Revolutionary
war, when his own family came from
Scotland. Mr. Scott devised to his wife
Hannah a life estate in one hundred and
fifty acres of land and dwelling where he
resided. Part of the land was in Hemp*
field township and part in Rapho town-
ship, upon which was a grist mill. She
was not to infringe upon the orchard or
tavern then in the tenantry of Captain
Hugh Pedan. He also gave her one
thousand pounds in money and a yearly
sum of flty pounds. His nephew, Alex*
ander Scott, son of his brother, Josiah
Scott, was to receive the mansion farm
after the decease of his widow. He dis-
posed of the remainder of his estate as

To his nephew, Captain Hugh Pedan,
his sister's son, he gave three hundred
and ninety-six acres of land, and the
Tavern, which adjoined his mansion

To his nephew, Samuel Patterson, son
of Arthur and Anna Patterson, his sister,
he gave a farm half a mile further down
the creek.

To Samuel Pedan, son of Oriselda
Pedan, he gave a farm on the Hempfleld
side of the creek about a mile below the

To his nephew, Samuel Scott, son of
his brother, Abraham Scott, he gave two
hundred acres of land at the river.

To his brother, Alexander Scott, he
gave half of nis lands at the river.

To his nephew, Samuel Agnew, son of
James Agnew, he gave a farm near Little
Chickies creek, about a mile and a half
east from the present borough of Mount
Joy, subject, however, to the payment of
two hundred pounds. Samuel Agnew in
1779 moved from Marsh creek to South

Mr. Scott also gave two hundred
pounds to the Donegal church. The ex-
ecutors of the estate paid the congrega-
tion in continental money, which was
worthless, and did not benefit the church.
Not a single foot of ground owned by Mr.
Scott, or his brothers, is now owned by
any of the name, or of the blood. This
may with truth be said of the hundreds
of the Scotch-Irish Fresbyterian land-
holders in Donegal, in Provincial times.
They and their descendants abandoned

the Donegal nursery and planted colonies
elsewhere, throughout the extent of the
country, which flourished and were con**
stantly extended in the south and west,
until theirs was the controlling power,
which moulded our institutions and gave
us the boon of the liberties we enjoy to-

Abraham Scott, who I suppose mar-
ried Jennet Agnew, resided in Mount Joy
township, a mile or two east from Eliza-
beth town, was one of the most prominent
men in the county. He was captain in
Col. Alexander Lowrey's Battalion ki
1777-80, and participated in the battles of
Brand j wine, Oermantown and in the
Jersey campaign. In 1783 he was major
in Col. Jacob Cook's Battalion. He was*
a member of the General Assembly for
the years 1781-82-83-84 and 1785.

According to Rev. Colin McFarquahr,
whose catechetical roll of membeis of
Donegal church commenced in 1776*,
Captain Scott's family was as follows z.
Captain Abe Scott; Mrs. Scott, Sr.,
deceased; Mrs. Scott, Jr.; Polly Scott ?
Samuel Scott; Susanna Scott, a child;
an infant

Alexander Scott died March 26\
1786, aged 70 years, and left wife Sarab
but no children. He gave 202 acres oi
land to his nephew, Alexander Scott
Lowrey. To Capt. Hugh Pedan, his-
nephew, he gave 130 acres, upon which,
tract he directed a mill to be built, (now
owned by Mr Garber), which is on the
east side of the creek. The old mill waa
above the tavern, on west side of creek.
He also remembered his sister Ann, who-
married Arthur Patterson, and their
children, Samuel, James and Eleanor.
Also, his sister Elizabeth's children,,
who married James Moore. To his-
sister, who married William Carr, who
owned in connection with his brother
(who lived in Pax tang,) the farm at Don-
egal Springs, now owned by Mr. Hoover,,
he also gave a bequest.

Alex. Scott was an officer of the French
and Indiau War and marched with Gen'r
Forbes' army to the Ohio in 1758, and
was in the battle of Loyal Hannon. He
was also an officer in the Revolutionary

Digitized by



Historical and Genealogical.

Josiah Scott died April 13th, 1765, and
left a 'wife Mary, and the following

i . Robert

%L Alexander.

Hi. Ann; who married Col. Bertram

to. Either.

«. Jean.

He owned several hundred acres of
land at Bain badge, and a large farm at
Big Chickies creek where he resided, also
a large tract of land on the Juniata above
Frankstown at the mouth of Beaver
Dams; and a farm he purchased from
Thomas McKee in Upper Paztang.

Upon Rev. Colin McFarquahr's roll in
1776-7 are the following named famili s,
all residing at Big Chickies, in the neigh-
borhood of Samuel and Josiah Scoit :
Mary Scott, Wm. Scott, Abe Scott, David
Scott (dead), Hugh Scott (dead), Peggy
Scott, Mrs. Scott (widow), Alex. Scott,
Jennett Scott, James Scott, Mary Scott,
Alex. Scott, Margaret Scott, 8arah Scott.
Samuel Evans.


litetorloal, Biographical and Genealogloal.


Large Huckleberries— In July,
1787, two prisoners, escaping from Oa-
ten wacken, being pursued by Big Chief
Otzinachson, concealed themselves in the
fastnesses of White Deer Mountains.
During this time they subsisted wholly
on huckleberries. These berries were
described as of large size, of peculiar
flavor, and very nutritious. We have
recently seen representations of the
fruit yet extant in that region, but in
this, as in all other cases, "the proof of
the pudding is in the eating thereof."
How times change. In this Tear of
Grace, the big Indian is no longer feared,
and the berries may be purchased in the
market place for ten cents a quart.

House, James — James House was ap-
pointed from Penn'a February 23, 1709,
lieutenant first artilleiists and engineers;
district paymaster, March 16, 1802; re-

tained, April 2, 1802, as first lieutenant
regiment of artillery ; promoted Captain
Nov. 1, 1805; to lieutenant-colonel third
artillery March 3, 1813; transferred to
corps artillery May 12, 1814; transferred
to second artillery June 1, 1821; pro-
moted colonel first artillery May 8, 1822;
promoted brevet biigadier general for ten
years' faithful service in one grade, May
8, 1882; died Nov'r 17, 1834. Informa*
tion is desired as to ancestry, date and
place of birth and place of death.

8. M. C.

Obituary op Ret. John Roan. —
From the Pennsylvania Gazette ot De-
cember 18, 1775, we take the following
reference to this noted minister of the
Gospel: "On Tuesday, the 3d instant, de-
parted this life, in tbe 59th year of his
age, the Rev. Mr. John Roan, of Lan-
caster county; where he had for a long
series of years, with great fidelity and
assiduity discharged the trust reposed
in him as a minister ot the
Gospel of Christ ; and merited
esteem as an active and useful member of
civil society, through the calamities of the
late Indian wars on our frontiers; and in
the present important struggle for Ameri-
can liberty. And on the following day his
remains attended by a numerous con-
course of the inhabitants in those parts,
of various denominations, were interred
in the burying ground at the Presbyte-
rian church in Derry congre-
gation, when a sermon suitable
to the solemn occasion was delivered by
the Rev. Mr John Woodhul, of Leacock,
from Rev. zzi:7.


[ We translate the following from the
"Histoire Naturelle et Politque de Pen*
sylvanle," mentioned in Notes and Qutriee

''The war which broke out in Canada,
between Sngland and France, in 1754,
very soon embraced all the neighboring
countries, and Pennsylvania was not
spared. The French, persuaded that
they would there find only a feeble re-
sistance, because of the pacific principles
of the Quakers, menaced that State with
an invasion in the middle of the year
1755. Aided by some parties of savages

Digitized by


Historical and Genealogical.


from the vicinity o! the Ohio river they
completely overcame, on the 9th of July
in that year, General Braddock, who was
killed in the action. This victory ren-
dered them masters of all the Western
country, from the Ohio to the point of the
division of the river Susquehanna, into
two branches at Shamokic, and resulted in
fixing in their party all the savages c f
these countries. Different detachments
of these savages showed themselves at 20
leagues from Philadelphia; others went
among the Delawares who were at pe<*ce,
to determine them to raise the hatchet
against the English; but it was the fol-
lowing imprudence that engaged them to
declare themselves, and which failed to
bring in its train the loss of all Pennsyl-

"Some English, sent on a reconnaiss-
ance, had come to 8h amok in, a village oi the
Delawares, on the Susquehanna. They
then learned that a party of savages and
French were in the neighborhood, and
were in the Valley of the Juniata. Scar*
royadi, one of the chiefs of the Iroquois,
warned the English to withdraw, and
counseled them to return by the East
branch of the Susquehanna. The Eng-
lish did, in effect, withdraw, but in place
of taking their route by the shore of the
East Branch they followed the shore of
the West Branch, fell into an ambuscade
of a party of French, who killed four of
them. Flight saved four or five others of
the party.

"Immediately after the affair, an
English trader having arrived at Wyom-
ing, another village of the Delawares,
said to them that it was known that it
was they who had killed his compatriots
and that vengeance would be poured out
on their Nation. This indiscreet dis
course spread among these people and
made them assemble at Wyoming with
the design of resisting the English if
they were attacked. On the other side
the English regarded this assemblage of
savages as a first step which announced a
disposition to commence hostilities.
Consequently, without seeking more
particular information, or waitiog until
the Delawares should attack him, they
seized all those who were established in
the Colony, and arrested them to the num-
ber of 282 Persons of every age and sex.

( 'One of these pi isoners having escaped,
spread the news among his compatriots,
and informed them of all that had taken
place in Pennsylvania. They redoubled
their watchfulness, and on all sides there
was nothing but preparations for war.
In the meantime four English deputies,
to treat with the Indians on the m ^un-
derstanding, arrived at Wyoming, where
they at once assembled in council. When
they had made report of their mission
and agreed on some principles of accom*
modation, the savage who had escaped
from prison seeing that the Delawares
were ready to acquiesce in the demands
of the English, cried out:

"Give no faith to what these people
say to you I They have no other design
•than to deceive you— to make you their
prisoners, or to put you to death at the
edge of the sword 1" Immediately the sav-
ages, interrupting the conference, leaped
to their feet and killed the four deputies.

"Since this fatal epoch, the savages
ceased not to commit hostilities and the
most frightful cruelties. They especially
distinguished themselves in the month of
October, 1755. There are no events of
this kind in history that we are able to
put as a parallel with the barbarities they

"At Gnadenhutten, a small establish-
lishment of Moravians, in the counvy of
Northampton, the inhabitants, peacefully
assembled, supped without disquiet. These
ferocious enemies, under cover of a night
as dark as the design that conducted
them, advanced without noise, surprised
them, taking their scalps and putting
everything to the flames. When the next
day appeared it offered to the sight notht
ing but the ashes of the corpses of the
unfortunate Moravians confounded with
those of their bouses, their provisions,
and a multitude of horned cattle."

Here follow accounts of several most
brutal and blood thirsty massacres at the
Great Cove in Cumberland county, at
Tulpehocken in Berks county, at MinK
sinks, etc., at close of which is the follow-
ing statement:

"A chief of the Delawares, named Cap-
tain Jacobs (from whom Jacobs' Plains in
Wyoming are named), was principally
distinguished in these incursions. At
Philadelphia a price was put upon his

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Historical and Genealogical.

head, as well as those of several other
chiefs."— Chap. xiii.

This account of a meeting in the nature
of a Treaty of Peace, at Wyoming in
1755, and the taking of 282 of the Dela-
wares prisoners; also the killing of the four
English deputies, I have not found in the
history of Pennsylvania I would like
to have some one give me a reference to
some other authority where it may he
found. I suspect the location of those
transactions at Wyoming is a mistake.
They may have taken place in some other
locality but I think not here. If in this
locality, I would like a voucher for them.

About ten or twelve years ago I was
told by the late Hon. Joseph W. Cake, that
in 1755, a considerable body of Indians
and French came to Shamokin to make
an attack on Fort Augusta, and encamped
on the hill to the northeast "f that Fort.
While lying there making reconnoissances
preparatory to the attack, a shrewd and
skillful blacksmith in the Fort conceived
the idea of making a quantity of crow
feet, an implement of iron having four
'toes about an inch and a-half long,
sharp at the point and barbed, so ar-
ranged that when thrown upon the ground
one of these points always stood up, and
was in position to penetrate the foot of
man or beast that might tread upon it.
These were sowed about the fort at a
proper distance, in a belt of two or three
rods wide.

The day of attack finally came, and the
Indians and their French allies rushed
upon the fort with deafening yells. When
the Indians reached the belt of crow feet
their moccasins and feet were penetrated
with their points. Sitting down to draw
these barbed points from their feet, they
in many cases found the situation quite as
uncomfortable for their seats as it had
been for their feet. The attack was sus-
pended by reason of this strange device,
and while the Indians were freeing
themselves from the embarrassment
occasioned thereby, volleys of musketry
were poured into them from the Fort.
They promptly withdrew from the at-
tack and returned to the Ohio.

Thousands of these crow feet have
*ince been found in the localities where
they were strewn on this occasion.

Steuben Jenkins.



[The following correspondence con*
cerning the marching of the militia to
Philadelphia in 1777 is of interest to us.
The letters have not as yet appeared in
print. ]

President Wharton to Ool. unlbratth.

Philadelphia, April 25th t 1777.

Sib: Agreeable to the enclosed resolve
of Congress, and with the Advice of the
Board of War, I have determined that
the Counties of Philadelphia, Bucks,
Cumberland, Berks and Northampton,
send their Proportion of Militia to Bris-
tol, to form a Camp at or near that Bor-
ough. The Counties of Chester, Lancas-
ter and York, to form a Camp at or near

Tour County is to furnish six hundred
Men, to march immediately to Chester
with as many arms and accoutrements as
can be had in the County. If the first
Class does not amount to that number,
the second Claes also are to march.

Tou are to procure by purchase or
otherwise a Blanket for each Man (which
is to remain the property of the State) .
Money will be sent you for this purpose.
If they cannot be procured by purchase
they must be impressed by their value
paid, this is to be done in a way that will
give the least ofiense.

Tou are to exert yourself to the utmost
to Comply with this Order with all possi-
ble expedition, as the Enemy are prepar-
ing to make an immediate attack on this

I have the honor to be, with great re*
spect, Tour most Obedient, humble Ser-

Tho. Wharton, Jr , Prtet.

Ool. Galbralth to Ool. John Rodger*.

May 2d, 1777.
To the Colonel of the Hanover Battalion :
Sir : Annexed hereunder you have
the President's requisition for Six Hun-
dred men from this county; the Irregular
order that returns have been made in,
Prevents me from calling on you for your
exact Quota of men. I desire that as
your Companies which form your Bat-
talion have drawn their rank, that you
furnish one full Company agreeable to the

Digitized by


Historical and Genealogical


Militia Act, on the President's requisition
without delay • Necessaries that are want-
ing* you see will be answered.

In haste I am your Humble Servt,
Babtrem Galbbaith.

Ool. Joahua Elder to Ool. Bo gen.

Paxtan©, 11th May, 1777.

Dear Sib : Tours I rec'd last Night
but cannot possibly comply with your
Request, as we have too much Divisions
in this Department, the five Sub divisions
laid off in Paztang met tolerably well ex-
cept the Germans, who seem chiefly all
to stand aloof; three of the Companies
chose their officers very well, and the
other two neglected. There was no dis-
putes about pay, but one of them seemed
all desirous of being officers, and the
other all Privates; declining any com**
missions that were offered . I have prom-
ised my attendance in one of these Com-
panies to-Morrow; as to the Dispute about
pay, I think if they would have the least
Consideration, might be soon removed, it
might answer well enough to draw out a
few men when there was no compulsion
nor Law to put every Man on an equal
Ballance in expense of the War, but as
the Law is regulated at present, except
the whole State in general, or at least
the whole Battalion would condescend
to that Plan, it would be In vain for
one Company to pretend to it, except
they would think themselves wiser law*
makers than the Choice of the 8tate, be-
cause each Company or Draught is made
out of the whole Battalion, and if they
should deviate from the Laws of the State
they would be a Derision to all the rest;
Tou can Inform them that If they don't
choose for themselves, the Lieutenants
will be under the Necessity of choosing
for them. And you will be good enough
to consider and inform yourself what
Men will be most likely to suit, if that
should be the Case, that you can recom-
mend them to us. I had a letter from
Col. Galbraith last .Night Desiring I
would give you Word to bring the Re-
port ot your Battalion, Companies, Rank
and Draughts to him at Lancaster next
Wednesday, and draw for Rank with the
other Colonels.

Online LibraryFrance) Société asiatique (ParisNotes and queries: Chiefly relating to Interior Pennsylvania, Volume 2 → online text (page 10 of 81)