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Notes and queries: Chiefly relating to Interior Pennsylvania, Volume 2 online

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the Magistrates in Lancaster County and
thought that the would Laugh at me to
aske a pass to go a little way into a neigh-
bouring province in pursute of my ser-
vant and that I thought no man would
ofer to take me up for a servant, but as a
Spy, and that as Orisop [5. ] went down
to meet the Governer; he told that there
was two epyg sent out of Pennsylvania,
and that they were to go down on the
one side of Susquahannah and up the
other, and according to the way I came
here he thought I must be one of them.
I Replyed that I was sorry that his
Honour had such a bad opinion of me,
but that I had no land near the disputed
land, and were come after no such thing;
he said he could not be of my opinion,
but would keep me 'till the Govemer and
Crisop would come, and if Grisop knew
anything against me, he would send me
to Anopolas. I told him that Crisop
knew nothing against me; that all my
consarn was, that while I was detained
there, my servent was making his Escape;
he said that I had no Reason to com-
plain, that I was in his power to make
me pay two Hundred of Tobacco, for
coming into Maryland without a pass; I
thanked him for that favor, but it
would be too Tedious to Weight our
arguments, but he told me that I must
continue there 'till Crisop came, then I
thought he should give no orders but I
would here them; he mustered the Regi-
ment and Informed them that there was
twenty out of Each company to make
their Hundred Men to assist the Shirift to
collect the Levies in the Settlement of
Codores; the Day I heard anointed that
they and their officers were to Rendevouse
at Wright's Ferrey; then I thought I had
got my Errent, and if I could Prevail
with the Colonel to let me go, his detain-*
ing me had well answer'd the design I
went about. Soon after I went there it
began to Reain and continue very dul,
some times hard Reain which gave me
high corrage that the Govemer would not
Ride that day, and that I would turn a
corner on them that night if possibel, but
I prevailed on him so that he d'smissed
me at night as an honest man. I went

home with one of the Melisha and
told him that Crisop bore such a
spite to Pennsylvania that if he should
here that any man from there had been
at the Muster he would asert that he is a
spy and would send a party for me, and

rve me all the trobel he could; therefore
intend to start by Break of day and go
home, and if my servent come amongst
them I hoop that the will leay him in
goal as they were so sharp on one. He
conveyed me about six miles, where I
entered the Barrens of Baltimore, and
steered my course and got to Wright's
Ferrey that night, and on telling how it
had happened with me, the told me that
here was a great company to be at the
Rearing of a House in Donegall, and
that I should go and let them know the
day appointed that Mearylandeis would
com to Disposes the Pennsylvanians
if the would not submit to
their government, which I did,
and notice ,waas sent to Lancaster, and
when the three Hundred Marylandera
come Headed by Colonel Hall and Rig-
bey, they seeing what they took to be an
over match for them, they thought fit to
Retreat. The Honorabel Thomas Penn
Being at Samuel Blunston's, Esq., and
hearing how I have managed at Rigbey's
sent for me to let him hear the apologies
I made before Rigbey; the pleased hia
Honour so well that he told Mr. Blunsten
that be would make me a Compliment
for my good conduct on that affair; I told
Mr. Blunston that if his Honour would be
pleased to do so, that 1 would Rether
have it in Land than any other way, and
as I was a millright; and that there
was a stream called Seder Spring
in the Manor of Lowder, that
I would build a mill on it,
that might accomodete aney one of the
Honorable Fameley that might think fltt
to make a Contery Seat there. On his
Heairing my desire, his Honour was
pleased to order his secretary of the Land
Office who was James Steel at that time,
and was ordered to Be Recorded for a
Corn Mill and plantation, as may appear
by the Records; this was dated in the
year of our Lord one thousand Seven
Hundred and Thirty Six. Lord Balti-
more tho' he lost all the Land he con«
tended for, gave them that aspoused hia

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Historical and Genealogical.

side of the quarel desenter Land in Fred-
erick County; that now Crisop's tract
given him, tho* he wai noder pay, would
now sell for Five Thousand pounds; Oapt.
Hickinbottom and many others Received
Oleair Patten's for Valuabel Tracts of
Land in the Mareyland part of Conn! go •
gige Valley, not far from where I lire,' at
the great Falling Spring It had been
better for me to have pay'd the Honour-
able Pioprieators Fifteen pounds Ten
per Hundred for Three Hundred acres,
and then I would not have the Trouble of
going to London and Stock Oastell about
it, I am Sir, your Humble Servant,

Bbnj'n Chambers.
July 2, 1774.

Reference Note* to the Foregoing.

1. Cap. Thomas Cresap and

Franklyn one of Baltimore's surveyors,
with an armed retinue came up to John
Wright jr , who bad charge of tho ferry
on the west side of the river, at the ter»
mination of the present bridge, May 6th,
1736, and commenced to survey the plan-
tations of John Wright, Esq . and John
Hendricks (who sold his land, 800 acres,
to Samuel Blunston, Esq. )

2. This muster of militia was held at
Colonel Nathaniel Rigny's, Sept. 2d.,
1735. On September 5th, 1735, three
hundred arrived at Captain Cresap' s,
commanded by Colonel Rigby, Colonel
Edward Hall, and Captain Charles Hig-

genbottom, Aquila Paca and Guest.

On the 6th day of same month this
warlike party marched up to John Hen-
dricks, in battle array, to the beat of
■drum. Hendricks' house stood a short
distance above John Wright's ferry house,
which had been converted into a fort,
and defended by two or tbree dozen of
men. Cols. Rigby and Hall were mak«
ing preparations to storm the fort, when
they saw three flat loads of armed Done-

Sallians approach the shore, who evi-
ently intended to offer battle. Captain
Cresap wanted to fire some blunderbusses
into the crowd in the boats, but was
prevented by Colonel Rigby. After
making a show of attacking the
Pennsylvanians the Marylanders in-
gloriously retreated to Captain Cresap's
tort. Capt John Wilkins (ancestor of
the Pittsburgh family) was decoyed by

John Hendricks, who had joined the
enemy, and captured and bound and
sent a prisoner to Annapolis upon this

3. "Rock Run" empties into the Sus-
quehanna river a few miles above Port

4. It would seem from this fact that
Col. Chambers was living at Falling
Spring prior to hia application for a grant
for the land and the privilege of erecting
a "corn mill." In a deposition made by
Mr. Chambers on Dec. 8, 1736, he
stated that he was twenty-three
years of age and a millwright.
He located at Falling Spring late in the
spring of 1736, It may be stated in this
connection, that a few years after the
death of Captain James Patterson, in
October, 1735, in Conestogoe Manor,
Col. Chambers married his daughter, by
whom he had one child, Col. James
Chambers, of Revolutionary memory.

5. Captain Thomas Cresap moved
from Connejohela Valley about the year
1738, and located about two miles from
Cumberland, at a place called "Old
Town," in Mary land, where he established
a trading s ore and became an Indian
Trader. Although a carpenter by trade,
he acquired a knowledge of Land Sur-
veying, and for many years was one of
the most prominent ones in Maryland,
and it is said that he added at least one-
third of Lord Baltimore's possessions to
his Province by the discovery of the head
spring of the Potomac, from which place
he ran a line due north to the Pennsyl-
vania line. Capt. Cresap raised a com-
pany at his own expense, and fought the
Indians and French during the Indian
wars of 1754-55-58-64. His son, Captain
Michael Cresap, raised a company and
marched at their head to Boston in
1775 He died in New York October
23, 1775. Colonel Cresap became a very
prominent man and was much respected
in the western part of Maryland and
Pennsylvania. He did not like the
Quakers, nor their peaceable measures;
but came to admire his Scotch-Irish
neighbors, who could give blows as well
as take them. General Ord, of the Penn-
sylvania Reserves, was a descendant of
Colonel Cresap, and there is a lieutenant
in the navy now who bears his name and

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is of bis blood, who bids fair to attain
distinction in bis profession.

Tbe Rigbys, Halls, Pacas and Higgen-
bottoms were prominent families in Bal*
timore county, now Harford county, Md.
Samuel Evans.

Columbia, Fa.

Historical, Biographical sod Genealogical.


"The Thompson Family" is tbe
record of a prominent Scotch -Irish settler
and his descendants on the Juniata. The
pamphlet, prepared by Heber S. Thomp-
son, of Pottsville, and Theo. 8. Thomp-
son, of Thompsontown, gives merely an
outline of the family history, tbe editors
not having gone into detail. It will
however form the nucleus of a more com

Slete record which it is to be hoped will
e undertaken by those who have made
such a creditable beginning.

•The Boundaries op Pennsylva-
nia" have found a most excellent histo-
rian in Hon J. Simpson Africa, the late
Secretary of Internal Affairs. With a
fondness for the historic lore of his native
State, and a familiarity with the papers
and documents relating to the boundary
disputes, in tbe office which he filled with
so much credit, he has preserved the va
rious details in a permanent form no less
bonorable to himself than to the Com-
monwealth. This record is a monument
of faithful public labor, and it is only to
be regretted that more copies of this ad-
mirable work have not been published.
It would be much better if "waste-
paper budgets" should have been cur-
tailed than this valuable work of refer-
ence for all time to be thus limited. Mr.
Africa is to be congratulated on his zeal-
ous and patriotic research.


Ao Interesting Note in tlie History off tbe

A Moravian minister from Bethlehem,
while itinerating in Lancaster county in
the spring of 1747, called at Epbrata, the
seat of the Seventh Day Baptists. He

was kindly received by Peter Miller
(Brother Jabes),who then ranked second
to Beissel. From Miller be learned the
following: Some time prior to his visit
the largest of tbe buildings (which we
believe is still standing on the banks of
the Oocalico) had been completed, and
that the withdrawal of tbe Sckerline
brothers had been in consequence of a
disagreement respecting its dimensions.
There was, it seems, a diversity of opin-
ion among the members of the building
committee, a state of things not unusual
in similar bodies even in our day. There
were those who suggested 66 feet, those
who proposed 99 feet, and others who in-
sisted upon 100 feet, as the most desira*
ble length for "Sharon." Each party
advocated its preference with the tenacity
of purpose and the consciousness of su-
perior judgment, which are always mani-
fested and held by the dissenting mem-
bers of a building committee. Hence
this one was in danger of dissolution, and
the erection of the much needed struc-
ture likely to be postponed indefinitely .
But in this critical juncture, knowledge
asserted her supremacy over ignorance,
and proved, too, tbe means of healing
the breach, save that the worthy Eckerline
brothers, chagrined at their defeat, went
out into the wilderness.

The solution of the difficulty was made
by those who insisted upon 99 feet.
They having one night received a Di-
vine token that there was a cabalistic
meaning attached to the component parts
or elements of figures, and next night
they were instructed, too, in the myster-
ies of tbe occult science. It was after
this fashion, said Brother Jabez, that the
cabal ists argued and spoke: "Know ye,
Brethren 1 that is the symbol of God,
and 1 tbe symbol of man. Now is not
God greater than man? Was He not
btfore him from all eternity, and is he
not above him in the heaven of heavens?
This being so, ye who advocate 100 for
tbe length of Sharon do greatly sio, in
that you merely place man before Ood.
And ye who advocate 66, how stupend-
ous is your guilt in impiously presuming
to place Ood below man. Ye both err I
We alone are right; for wherein we select
99 as tbe length of Sharon, we place Ood
above man, detracting naught from the in-

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Unite majesty of Him who is seated in the
heaven of His saints I"

This argument proved irresistible, and
the workmen staked off the length of the
house for the virgins of Ephrata 99, one
foot less than 100 ieet j. w. J.


Adams, Robert.

Robert Adams, son of Thomas and
Katharine Adams, was born about 1745,
in what, was subsequently known as To-
boyne township, Cumberland county,
Pen a 'a. He was a soldier during the
Bouquet expedition to the westward in
1764, and when the Revolution began he
raised a company of Associate re. Most
of these afterwards formed his company
in the Sixth Penn'a Battalion, Col Wil-
liam Irvine, his commission bearing date
January 9, 1776, and was in the Canada
expedition of that year. He was killed
June 21, 1776, at Isle aux Noix, by a
predatory band of Indians and Canadians.

w. h, B.


Joseph Culbertson, son of Alexander
and Margaret Culbertson, was born about
1753 in the Cumberland Valley. His
ancestors came from the North of Ireland
about the year 1730, subsequently locat-
ing about seven miles from what is now
Chambersburg, where owing to contigu«>
*ou8 farms owned by members of tbe
lamily went by the name of "Culberi-
son's Row. 1 ' Joseph was an early Asso-
ciates, and when the Sixth Pennsylvania
{Col. William Irvine) was formed was
commissioned ensign of Capt. James A.
Wilson's company, January 9, 1776 He
was in the Canada campaign and killed
at Isle aux Noix June 21, 1776. His
brothers, Robert and Samuel, were offi-
cers in the Pennsylvania fc Line of the
Revolution. w. h. e.

Wilson, James Akmstrong.

James Armstrong Wilson, son of
Thomas Wilson and Jean Armstrong,
was born in 1752, in the Cumberland
Valley. He came from good fighting
stock, his ancestors having served as
officers in the French and Indian wars.
When the Revolution opened he raised

a company which was included in Col.
William Irvine's Sixth Penn'a Battalion,
of which he was commissioned captain
January 9th, 1776 He was in
the Canada campaign and taken
prisoner at Three Rivers. After his re-
lease from captivity he returned to his
home near Carlisle, Penn'a., where he
remained until his exchange was effected.
He was afterwards promoted to Major in
one of the new regiment? of the Penn'a
Line but owing to disability, c lused by
exposure in the Canada campaign, he was
retired from service. He died at his resi-
dence, March 17th, 1788. in the 36th year
of his age. The Carlule Gazette, of i
subsequent issue, says : "The many
virtues of this good and amiable man
endeared him in a particular manner to
all who knew him. * * * *
In him bis country has lost a distinguish-
ed and inflexible patriot." Major Wilson
married Margaret, daughter of Captain
Robert Miller, of the Revolution, who
with several children survived him.


The historians of this section of Penn •
sylvania having written and rewritten all
that could be gathered of tbe English
(Presbyterian) churches, it was natu-
lally to be expected they would then
turn their labor to the history of the
German (Reformed, Lutheran, Mennon-
ite, United Brethren and other) churches,
but in this we are disappointed. We
naturally then turn our labor of love to
this new £ eld—to tbe church of our ances-
tors. In the pist we have given records
from the "Kirchbuch" of ''Shoop'sand
Bindnagle's which were of tbe Lutheran
and Reformed, but we now come to the
story of one of the first churches in the
denomination of United Brethren in
Christ, a denomination which at present
has over forty meeting bouses in Dauphin
county and equally as strong in theadja-*
cent counties.

Neidig'e meeting house is located about
3 miles east of Hanisburg in tbe village
of Oberlin, though formerly named after
the church in Swatara township. Rev.
John Neidig who was the leader in or-
ganizing this church was born in the
Tulpehocken settlement. His father's

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Historical and Genealogical.

name was Adam and mother's chris-
tian name Anna Maria. He was
raised in the faith of Simon Men do,
but on arriving at manhood was not long
in renouncing some of their peculiarities,
and about 1787 joined Behm and Otter-
bein in organizing the Church of the
United Brethren in Christ.

Mr Neidig located in Dauphin county
on a farm midway between Oberlin and
Hignspire, where be resided all his life.
His remains lie in the cemetery at Highs
spire, over whicL ; s erected a plain mar-
ble stone with the following inscription:
In Memory of
Minister of the Gospel to the United
Brethren in Christ for 53 years,
Born April 10, 1753. and died January
11. 1844,
Aged 78 years, 9 months and 1 day.

Mr. Neidig m. Mary Bear, of Lancaster
county, who was b. May 20, 1771, andd.
Oct. 1842. Their children were:

i. Eiz beth; m. Michael Frnntz.

ii Abraham; m. Nancy Hagey; re-
moved and died in Frederick county, Md.

iii. Daniel.

iv. John; m. Nancy, daughter of Rev.
Hershey; they removed to Linn county,
Iowa, where they died.

v. Samuel ; m. Elizabeth Miller, whose
grandfather was the U under of Ann ville,
Lebanon county, formerly called Millers-
town (Milkrstettle). His widow sur~
vives him, residing with her daughter,
Mrs. D. S. Herr, on Fourth street, Harris-

vi. Annie.

vii. Jacob; m. Catharine Snoop, of
Cumberland county, where they lived
and died.

viii. Benjamin; m. Catharine Snavely;
after decease be married Mary Hersbey,
of Hag»*r8town, Md.

iz. Isaac ; resides in Muscatine, Iowa.

z. Jonathan; m. a sister of John's

The Meeting House, so called in early
days, in which Mr. Neidig was largely
interested in building, was the second
built by the U B. denomination. This
was in 1793 The nuitdinp was limestone
and was quite large for those primitive
times, being about thirty by forty feet,

with a sleep combed roof. The interior
presented a common appearance, with no
pulpit, but a large table at one end of
the- room. Around three sides sat the
leaders in singing, who were all male
persons, and at the other side the
"prediger." The large old fashioned fire-
place found its position in one corner
of the room, where burned the oak
and hickory cord«wood, which, we
are told, often died out long before the ser-
mon had ended. The seats were rudely-
constructed benches, without backs.
When they were erecting the cburcb, the
n< ighbors who were opposed to church*
building said derisively that if they would
build the house "about the size of acorn-
crib it would be plenty large enough to
accommodate them for all time to come."
But such it did not prove. This house
stood fifty seven years, wherein gathered
the dwellers of old Neidig to hear the
Word expounded by the early and faith-
ful veterans cf the cross. Hallowed
memories still cling around the spot
where once the old • kirche" stood. The
communicants of this church have con-
tinued on until now it is the mother of
more than forty chu rents in Dauphin
county, and more than thirty In Lebanon
county, and where, by the energy of its
membership an I their piety and zeal for
the Master, it became too small, so that
in 1849 it was replaced by the present
frame structure.

The cost of the building and the pay- *
ers of the same with the price of materials
in those days are interesting information,
which we give from the original^German,
as follows:

£ 5. d.
Account of John Neidig —

Contributed in cash 3 15

Hauling stone six and a half
days 4 17 6

Breaking stone four days. ... 15

Hauling stone two days 1 10

Hauling stone and sand one
day.... 10

For old lime, 1J4 5 14

Hauling stone and sand one
day 15

Hauling sand one half day

with oz team 7 6

Account of Jacob Gutte (Good)

Hauling stone three days. ... 1 50

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Historical and Genealogical.


Working at Umber one day . . 3

Hauling stone and sand, day
and a half 12 6

Hauling 18 bushels new lime 12 6

Paid cash for boarding 4 11 8

Acc't of Conrad Lang (Long)

Hauline stone one day... ... 15

Acc't of Philip Braun (Brown)

Paid in cash 3 15

Account of Jacob 8tobcU—

Breaking stone two days .... 76

Account ot Ludwig Degen —

Breaking stone one day 8 9

Account of Jacob Kehr(Keer)—

Paid in cash 7 10 6

Account of Jacob Eyly (Eli)

Jacob Eyly (EH) and Daniel
Bucks (Books) dug the ex-
cavation .

Daniel Books worked three
days at the timbers 11 3

Worked at timber one day. . . 3 9

Paid bill for whisky for car-
penters 14

One gallon of whisky lor car-
penters 3 9

One quart of oil 2 9

Nine pounds of putty 3 9

Famishing wooden frames
and moldings 1 17 6

Window glass for the house.. 8 5

Gave seventy bushels of lime. 4 7 6

Hauling sand one half day. . . 10

Paid for framing timber 1 10

Paid for twenty -four pounds
of nails for the house 1 2

Gave one gallon of whisky . . 3 9

Account of Peter Pfanekuche

(Pancake) —

Paid in cash 2 5

Account of Leby (Levi) Eb-

erly —

Paid in cash for the house. . . 7 6

Account of Franz (Frank)

Weitmer —

Paid in cash 15

Account of Widow Windnagle


Paidincath 1 10

From the foregoing account it is evi-
dent that Jacob Eli was the contractor.
If any o f our readers can locate those
whose names are here mentioned we will
be glad to know. It is probable that the
house when not completed was not paid
for as will appear by the following:

"We, the United Brethren, do hereby
promise to pay the respective sums of
money placed opposite our names, for the
purpose of paying for the meeting-house
we have lately constructed, namely :

£ s. d.

Johannes Neidig 10

Felix Landis 10

Johannes Lichtly (Light). ... 6 00

Jacob Kehr 6

Philip Brawn (Brown) 7 10

Heiurich Steiner (Stoner) 5

Johannes Slubetz 5

Jacob Gutte (Good) 5

Ludwig Degen 5

Christian Ewy (Eby) 2 5

Heinrich Stent z 2 5

Johannes Schnebly (8navely) 2 5

Philip Steniz 1 10

Peter Pfanekuche (Pancake). 2 15
Fried rich Pfanekuche (Pan

cake) 12 6

Jacob SchuKz 1 17 6

Conrad Lang (Long) 15

Widow Windnagle (Winagle) 1 10

Widow Witmer 1 15

Widow Streber (8trayer) 7 6

b. w. s. p.


Some Striking Kpitwphs from Tomb-
stones Therein.

One hundred and fifty years ago, Con"
ewago Presbyterian church stood in a
valley ot that name, and not far from
Little Conewago creek, the dividing line
between Lancaster and Dauphin counties.
The location is four or five miles east of
Middletown, a quarter of a mile north
of the "Harrisburg and Lancaster turn-
pike," and within the same distance of
the little village of Gainsburg.

On visiting this spot a short time ago,
in company with Hon. J. B. Rutherford,
of Paxton Valley, we found in a wheat
field on the farm now owned and occu-
pied by John All wine a plat of unculti
vated ground, about 27x85 feet. It is not
enclosed. This is what remains of

The Conewago Burying Ground.

At one end of the plat there are the
remains of a stone foundation — or, per-
haps, the walls of a stone building —
making an enclosure of about 10x18 feet.
The stones are laid in mortar. On the
southeast side the wall is still about two

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Historical and Genealogical.

feet high— bo high as to suggest the idea
that the building may have been of stone;
and the dimensions are such as to sug-
gest the thought of the old-time "study

Within this enclosure stand several
wild cherry trees and black haw bushes.
The balance of the plat, is in sod, with
saveral sassafras trees (8 or 10 inches in
diameter) growing at the further end.
Blackberry bushes are scattered all over it.
A number ol small undress* d stones
are in position as markers of graves.
Near the wall, above mentioned, we
found lying prostrate two entire head
stones containing inscriptions. These are
all there are on the ground. Scattered
around are fragments of two others.

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