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Notes and queries: Chiefly relating to Interior Pennsylvania, Volume 2 online

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1879.
Rambler, John, s, of L. & P., b. Oct 23,

1822: d. Mar. 15, 1874.
Roth [Rhoads], George, b. Aug. 18, 1777; d.

July 25, 1856.
Roth [Rhoads], [Wolf,] w. of G., b. Mar. 80,

1778: d. March 9, 1848.
Roth [Rhoads], Johannes, b. Feb. 13, 1785:

d. Feb. 27, 1869.
Rhoads [Roth], Daniel, b. Dec 15, 1804; <L

Oct 19, 1882.
Rhoads, George, s. of G. and C, b. Oct 2,

1806; d. Sept 14, 1882.
Ranch, John, b. May 27, 1771; d. July 25,

1851.
Rank, John M., b. July 19, 1807; d. May

12, 1874.
Rank Sarah, wf. of J no., b. May 17, 1811 :

d. Mar. 25, 1834.
Ranch, Barnhard, b. Dec 7, 1788; d. June

21, 1863.
Ranch, Sarah, wf. of Barnhard, Sept 11,

1789; d. Jan. 10, 1845.
Ranch, Catharine, b. Feb. 8, 1799; d. Nov.

6, 1830.
Ranch Peter, s. of John and Susannah, b.

Mar. 14, 1776; d. Dec 27, 1844.
Ranch, Rebecca, d. of Peter and Catharine,

b. Apr. 15, 1819; d. Feb. 22, 1845.
Ranch, Elizabeth, wf. of James, b. Dec. 9,

1819; d. Feb. 18, 1845.
Ranch, James, b. August 22, 1815; d. Nov.

15, 1855.
Shell, Major John, s. of Martin, b. Dec 20,

1790; d. Mar. 27, 1875.
Shell, Mary, wf. of J., h. Sept 20, 1805; d.

Feb. 9, 1845.
Shell, John J., b. April 29, 1825; d, Mar.

10, 1861.
Shell, Lizzie M., b. May 25, 1851; d. Nor.

8, 1873.



Shell, Jacob M., b. Aug. 1, 1826; d. May

23, 1875.
Shellahammer, Sarah, wf. of Abraham, b.

July 18, 1810; d. April 13, 1875.
Shellahammer, Catharine, wf. of Thomas, h.

Jan 16, 1822; d. April 6, 1867.
Shellahammer, Catharine, wt of Thomas,

b. July 14, 1845; d. Feb. 11, 1878.
Stoudt, Anna, wf. of Henry, d. Jan 2%.

1866; aged 57 y, 7 mos, 27 days.
Stoudt, Daniel, b. Sept 22, 1813; d. Aug.

16, 1876.
Stoudt, Judith, wf. of William, b. Aug. 8,

1813; d. Sept 10, 1872.
Stoudt, Henry, d. Dec 27, 1863; aged 57

years, 10 months, 26 days.
Seltzer, Sabina, b. Dec 28, 1815; d. Oct

10, 1842.
Seltzer, Christian, b. Feb. 24, 1819; d. Sept

4, 1839.
Seltzer, Jacob, b. Oct 4, 1788; d. Jan. 14,

1860.
Seltzer, Elizabeth, wf. of J., b. Oct 16, 1799 ;.

d. Oct 23, 1863.
Stauffer, Marv C, wf. of Jacob, b. Not. 20,

1811 ;d. April 20, 1839.
Strouse, Catharine, wf. of Benj., b. Oct 13,

1799; d. April 27, 1874.
Sollada, Anna M., b. Sept 3, 1787; d. Sept

15, 1842.
Smith, Catharine, wf. of Samuel, b. May

17, 1793: d. Oct 11, 1841.
Stahle, Jacob, b. Aug. 13, 1805: d. Feb. 7,

1877.
Tittel, Jacob, b. Aug. 17, 1797; d. July 19,

1834.
Umberger, John, b. April 6, 1804; d. May

19, 1863.
Umberger, Barbara, wf. of J., b. Sept

23, 1806; d. Aug. 21, 1858.
Uhrich, John, s. of Daniel and Surah, b.

June 1, 1815: d. March 21, 1848.
Wolf, John, b. April 15, 1785; d. May 29,

1862.
Wolf, David, b. Mar. 21, 1808; d. Sept 28,

1838.
Wolf, Margaret, wf. of J., b. March 31,

1783: d. Aug. 12, 1841.
Wagner, Eve Catharine, wf. of John, b..

Dec. 31, 1790; d. March 13, 1855.
Yorty, Jacob R., b. Feb. 6,1828; d. Feb. 13,

1872.
Zider, Eliza, b. 1759; d. Feb. 25, 1797.
Zider, Jacob, b. Aug. 2, 1789, d. June 9,

1845.
Zider, Catharine, d. of J., b. June 24, 1829;

d. Feb. 1, 1854.



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Zehring, Jacob, b, June 29, 1795; d. Nov.

16, 1854.

Zearing, John, b. Jan. 29, 1832; d. May 19,

1879.
Zearing, Emaline, d. of J. and £., b. Aug.

17, 1854; d. Ang. 7, 1866.



NOTES AND QUERIES.



Historical, Biographical and Genealogical.



CLXXX



Ye. Olden Inns of Habrisburg.— The
following, relating to * Taverns on Market
street," were omitted from the series of ar-
ticles recently published :

A tavern was kept by Mr. Swartz in a
building which was demolished by James
McCormick, sen., Esq., when he erected the
three-story brick residence, now occupied by
Einstein Brothers and is No. 223. This
tavern was the principal resort for the
printers of that day.

A tavern was kept by Peter Huffnagle on
Canal street above Market street, was called
Green Bay many years since, was afterwards
kept by Lyne & George Schott, Wil-
liam Bomgardner, deceased, who erected a
three-story brick hotel on the site. Peter
Huffnagle's tavern did not bear a good repu-
tation, and it was said by the old citizens
who lived then that when he was buried, the
Rev. John Winebrenner conducted the
funeral services, and publicly said that "he
had gone to HelL " B.

PROFESSOR ESPY.



Incidents In the Life at That Dlntln*
fatahed Savant and Meteorologist.

In the • 'Reminiscences of B. Perley
Poore," lately issued from the press, there
appears a strange misstatement in a short
sketch of the life of the distinguished meteorol-
ogist, Prof James P. Espy, to the effect that
his education had been so neglected that at
the age of seventeen he could not read !" In
justice to his parents, people of education,
a.nd to his relatives now long passed away,
who at different times in the long ago filled
important positions in the then centers of
learning, I would correct this error.

Mr. Espy was born in Pennsylvania, but
when a mere infant his father removed to
Kentucky. After a few years, having pur-
chased a tract of land in die beautiful Miami



Valley, he removed to Ohio. While a resi-
dent of Kentucky his eldest daughter mar-
ried Mr. Joseph Simpson, of Mt Sterling,
brother to the late Judge Simpson of the
Court of Appeals of that State, and with
this sister James Espy remained, for better
advantages of education than could be se-
cured at that time in Ohio, and was "at
eighteen," a student at Transylvania Uni-
versity in Lexington.

James Espy did not graduate, at least we
have no fact to that effect, but after a few
years of close application, joined his family
in Ohio and commenced the study of law
while teaching school in Xenia. He was then
near twenty-three years of age. His love for
teaching amounted to enthusiasm, and al-
though he completed his law studies, he
finally abandoned the idea of choosing the
law as his profession and determined to fol-
low the bent of his inclination and become a
conscientious instructor of youth.

When Mr. Espy was about twenty-five years
of age he decided to return to his native State,
where he felt he could avail himself of more
abundant facilities for the acquirement of sci-
entific knowledge, from early youth a strong
craving of his nature. He went at once to
Bedford, and through the influence of his
relatives there, was appointed principal of the
Academy at Cumberland, Maryland, which
position he filled with credit to himself and
satisfaction to the intelligent Board of Trus-
tees.

During the first few years succeeding the
establishment of the Smithsonian Institute,
Prof. Henry and Prof. Espy were intimately
associated as co-regents in its management,
and between them there always existed a
warm friendship. It is not many years since
the writer of this sketch sat by Prof. Henry
at a charming dinner on K street, opposite
the beautiful Franklin Square, when after
some pleasant reminiscences of their old as-
sociation the genial old Professor remarked :
'There is no question in my mind but that
Prof. Espy should be regarded as the father
of the present Signal Service of the United
States, his theory of storms having led the
way to its establishment and present suc-
cess, " adding that the charts now used in the
service were identical (with some slight
modifications) with those the old Storm King
constructed for use in the Meteorological
Bureau of the War Department when he was
at its head. This interview occurred in 1875.
General Myers, "Old Probabilities," as he



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was called, made a similar statement to the
writer.

The mineral springs at Bedford, so fash-
ionable a resort fifty years ago, are a lovely
spot ab^ut one mile from the village. It was
often visited by Prof. Espy daring the many
years of his residence in Philadelphia, where
he taught a classical school while investi-
gating the phenomena of the forces of the
atmosphere, which led to his discovers of
4 The Theory of Storms. "

An old friend of the Professor, a fellow-
scientist, who visited him often at his honse
on Chestnut strreet, described to the writer
his method of pursuing his atmospherical cal-
culations, which necessarily must be carried
on out of doors. The fence inclosing the
small yard was of smooth plank, painted
white ; the yard was filled with vessels of
water and numerous thermometers for deter-
mining the "dew point" The white fence,
when the narrator saw it, was so covered
with figures and calculations that not a spot
remained for another sum or column.

In 1839 Mr. Espy visited England for the
purpose of presenting his theory of storms
before the British Association of Science.
Sir John Herschel, with other eminent scien-
tists, were present, and received him with
cordial greetings and warm appreciation. He
spent several weeks most delightfully in
many ofjthe "stately homes" of that country,
where he and his wife were agreeably enter-
tained. In the autumn of the same year he
visited Paris, where a commmittee had been
appointed by the Academy of Science to re-
ceive him, presided over by the illustrious
Arago, who was enthusiastic in his reception
of the storm theory, as presented to them in
several lectures of its discoverer. In his ad-
dress of welcome, Arago remarked that "Eng-
land had its Newton, France its Cuvier, and
America its Espy." Students of nature are
usually of serene and happy temperament,
and Mr. Espy was no exception to the rule.
He never seemed impatient or concerned at
the slow recognition of his discoveries as
means of practical use in commerce or other
national needs. He would say, "I leave all
this to the future, sure that its adaptations
to the uses of life must one day be seen and
acknowledged." He left no children, and
but few are now living of his near relatives,
but thoee few remember with reverence the
broad charity and earnest purpose of the
"Storm King." M.



AN OL.D MILITARY COMPANY.

There are many yet living who recall to-
mind incidents of their early lives when men-
tion is made of the "Battalion Days*' of
years ago, when the patriotic turned out to>
show his soldierly tactics on muster day. and
the less fortunate to settle old scores, or the
lads and lasses to enjoy ginger bread and
small beer. Recently we came across a list
of the officers and privates of one of the mi-
Ktia companies of three score and ten years,
ago, and concluded it would not only be in-
teresting to know that there was such a com-
pany and who the officers were, but the names-
of the citizens who resided in that immediate
neighborhood

We give the orthography as we find it, the
number opposite indicating the age of the
person at that time. The roll is dated 1 6th
May, 1821. The members of this company
resided mostly in the vicinity of Hanover
Church, or now what is known as East and
West Hanover townships, Dauphin county,
and East Hanover township, Lebanon coun-
ty. It was part of the Sixth Division, First
Brigade, Pennsylvania Militia, Thomas-
Walker, Colonel, Ninety-eighth Regiment,
and Company Eighth :

Captain.

Daniel Hatton 42.

First Lieutenant

F. Corbitt •. 39

Second Lieutenant

Joseph Wenrich 40*

Ensign.

Peter Forney 25-

Sergeants.

1st, Wm. McBay 28

2d, Henry Stoner 27

Drummer.

Michael Balim —

Fifir.

Conrad Hoover —

Privates.
First Class.

John Snoop 82;

John Roads 35-

Michael Killinger 41

Joseph Barnett 23

Henry Forney 23-

William Stout 22

Benjamin Routzon 37

Johann Houser 2t



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14*



Thomas Finney > 29

Second Class.

George Rodes 44

John Rough 35

John Stoner 29

John Bletz 29

Samuel Kime 38

Daniel Wolf 32

John Hampton 21

Jonathan Battorf 24

Henry Ober 23

Henry Battorf 19

George Shoop 20

David Killinger 18

Third Class.

David Rambler 24

Henry Plough 25

Jacob Stout 75

GeorgeGeety 32

Samuel Stout 22

Andrew Murry 37

Benjamin Kirme 27

Emanuel Cassel 26

Peter Hattrich. 22

Wentel Bomgerden 37

Allen Sturgeon 25

Andrew Hoover. 22

Philip Cerrigner —

Benjamin Bottorf. . 20

William Thone 41

John Killinger 42

Conrad Hix 41

Thomas Stewart 36

John Baker 26

George Kime 28

Jacob Rule 23

John Reichart 44

Philip Nitenour 31

Fifth Class.

Frederick Duey 25

Martin Reese 29

Joseph Allen, sen —

John Carver 28

William Forney —

Reuben Collins 43

Henry Jonce 19

Jacob Shaefer 19

Adam Hatrick 18

Sixth Class.

Leonard Rambler 26

John Early 42

Jacob Zehring 25

William Cassell 36

John Miller 19

Joseph Herman —

Henry McCormick —

William Cerdeff 22



John Porter i9

Samuel Hoover —

Thomas Annis 18

Seventh Class.

Thomas Wenrich 34

Joseph Shoop 2$

Joseph Brown 24

John Filling, jr 25-

David Koonse 32

George Koonse 24

Henry Lemmon . . . 4*

PeterGeedy 20

John Poorman 21

Jacob Fisher 19

George Hoover —

Henry Floory IS

Eighth Class.

Benjamin Snodgrass 31

James Whitmire 27

Samuel Wenrich. 24

Henry Shelleberger 32

James York —

George Crum 25

John Cassell 32

John Shertzer 22

Richard Barnett. 29

Samuel Glessburn 25*

John Mullholen 19

John Allen 18

William Balim 18

Peter Siders 18

Robert Stewart —

Ninth Class.

David Glessburn. 2fr

John Hetrich 28

George Pletz 32

Thomas Harper 25

Stewart Finney 40

Thomas Barnett. 25-

Paul Lingle 38

Daniel Hall 24

Henry Hatrick 21

John Reese 20

John Hoof nagel 21

Jacob Perkey 2fr

Tenth Class.

John Denun —

Robert Rodgers 39

Daniel Lingel 24

William Barnett 28

Thomas Ripply 2fr

George Fitting 21

Jacob Mertz 41

John Ennis 19

James Fihney 18

John McCrieess IS



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Daniel Rutch —

Robert Mackerel 27

We have in our possession three rolls of
1826-8, at which time John Early, Esq., was
Captain. The list at these periods contain
many new names. e. w. 8. P.

NOTES AND QUERIES.

Historical, Biographical and Genealogical.

CLXXXL

David Henderson.— Who was David
Henderson, of Lancaster, resident there in
December, 1763, at the time of the massacre
of the Indians by the "Paxtang Boys." We
have copies of two letters in onr possession
purporting to have been written by him con-
cerning the affair. We are inclined to the
belief that the original letters are forgeries.
Who can satisfy as on this point.

Fobter.— David Foster, of Derry town-
ship, d. in February, 1745, leaving a wife,
Mary, and children, as follows :

i. John; m. and removed to Rowan coun-
ty, North Carolina.

tt. Robert; m. Esther Renick.

Hi. William.

it). Jama.

v. David.

William Foster, of Derry, son of the
foregoing, d. in 1764, leaving his estate to
his brothers, James, John, Robert and
David.



Chambers.— James Chambers, of Derry,
d. in 1762, and left issue:

t. James; above 14.

Hi. Elizabeth; above 14.

it. Sarah; under 14.

John Chambers, of Paxtang, d. in 1771,
left a wife Margaret (who subsequently
married Edward Price), and children:

>*, Samuel.

ii. Elizabeth.

Hi. Robert

iv. Israel

v. Esther.

vi. Mara.

o» ■

ANNTE-REVOLUTIONARY CORRES-
PONDENCE*



Letter from Eaward Hhlppea te Hie Sea



Lancaster, Saturday, Aug. 14, 1756.
Dear Son: I* ackn6wledged the receipt of



your agreable favour of the 23 ulto., since
which I have written to you, & sent you all
the newspapers. You have now Franklin's
& Bradford's. On the second page of the
former you'l find the charming account of ye
defeat of Monsieur Gallissoniere's Fleet at
Minorca by Admiral Byng. This news ob-
tains credit iu Phila. So Neddy writes me—
but I wish it was better confirmed.

You must by this time have heard the
melancholy ac't of Fort Granville's being
destroyed— and 19 out of 22 of ye Garrison
put to the sword ! by 500 French and Indians
I hope your Fort is finished and that you
have a good stock of ammunition and provi-
sions. I have not heard one word of Captain
Lloyd since he left us, nor of Mr. Benly ; it
seems as if they have no encouragement to
return to you. I wrote so far last night It
is now Sunday p. m. and I am told that the
Indians sat fire to ye Fort by means of
throwing pine knots out of a trench either
natural or made by ye Garrison, and after
killing ye Lieutenant and 3 men in ye attack
ye Fort surrendered & ye men were made
prisoners. War was proclaimed last week in
Phila. Mr. Crayston by whom this goes is
driving 40 head of cattle to the camp. I
wish them safe to y'r hands. I hope not-
withstanding the colonel's and officers, threats
to ye Governor (who I imagine is much
chagrined at it) you will all stand your
ground while you are fully supplied with am-
munition & provisions — and you can keep the
men together. The Assembly meets to-
morrow & the Governor is ready to see them.
This week will determine the fate of Fort
Augusta.

Monday Morning, 3 o'clock.
I am this minute called up (by express
from John Harris, with Col. Clapham's letter
to the Governor) to get a fresh horse, and as
Croyston is to set off presently I cannot add
but that we are well, & give our kind love to
you both, & my compliments to ye colonel &
anv offieer of my acquaintance. I see by
Jno. Harris's letter, that the Battoes cannot
pass. Wherefore you mav expect I will
write to the Governor to send you meal by
horses and I think as it is likely the Indians
will endeavor to stop y'r communication by
water or by land by ye River side, I will
press the Gov'r to order the horses through
"Toules" Gap, and indeed I have told Cray-
ston he ought to go up that way with his
cattle, which he sent out of town last night
Your servant Jones came in last night & tells



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145



me that Wm. Henry's brother is on the road
with letters from yon.
I am, Dear Jo.

Your Loving Father,

Edw. Shippbn,



Captain Joseph Sfclppea f His Father.

Fobt Augusta, 2d January, 1758.
Dear & honored Sir :

I was favored with several of y'r affection-
ate letters, two nights before the major left
us, but I can't just now lay my hands on
them.

I am sorry for the unfortunate accident in
the Academy between Mr. Smith and Mr.
Allen's sons. I hope the consequence of the
Quarrel will teach that Gentleman to prac-
tice more Philosophy in his Discipline for
.the future.

I believe CapL Jameson has lent the small
Book on Fortifications, you desired me to
borrow for you, to Capt Mercer. However,
I will ask him when he comes up with the
Battoes, which I suppose will be in the be-
ginning of next week.

I should have been glad to have bad
the pleasure of tasting some of Mam-
my's good Minced Fyes and enjoyed
all your Companies with the Major at
-Christmas, but I must content myself
with only having had the Honour of feasting
on a few HuckU Berry Minced Ppm, made
by the famous quondam Cook of the brave
old General Blakeney, plain wholesome Re-
past!

I shall send down pr. Mr. Bard — who will
.set off early in the morning — a Draught of
Part of the River Susquehanna — to Mr.
John Hughes with a letter to him agreeable
to my Promise, when he was here. I de-
sired Mr. Bard to shew it to you as he goes
4hro' Lancaster — and then rowl it up again
in the same manner — that it may not receive
any damage in Carrying.

I have only now to wish you, Mammy,
Sister, the Major and Every one around the
Fire Side a very Happy New Year — and
hope I may have it in my Power to do so in
a long succession of years to come.

I am, with great Esteem, Dear Sir, Your
Very Affectionate and Dutiful Son*

Joseph Shippbn. jr.



PIONEER SETTLERS

Caernarvon Township,
Coanty.



The settlement along the Eastern Branch
of the Conestogoe Creek, extending from the
Chester County line, westwardly about ten
miles, was the third in point of time,
within the limits of Lancaster County, being
only three or four years behind the Scotch
Irish settlement in Donegal, and nine
years behind the Palatines along
Beaver, Pequea and Muddy Creeks.
The principal road through Caernar-
von township follows the backbone
of a Ridge which divides the waters of the
Conestoga on the south, and Muddy run on
the north, the latter emptying into the
former near the western line of the town-
ship. In traveling along this road a fine
view is had of the valleys bordering the two
streams named. This old highway was
contemporaneous with the Pax tang and Phila-
delphia Road, and in Provincial times was
known as the "Horse Shoe Road." It ex-
tended from the old Philadelphia and Lan-
caster road a mile east of Witmer's Bridge,
to Coventry and Reading Iron works on
French Creek in Chester eounty.

In giving a list of the settlers I will start
at the Chester county line, and go west along
the "Horseshoe Road." The entire settle-
ment was Welsh, who belonged to the Es-
tablished Church of England, and first lo-
cated in Radnor township, Chester county.
For seventy years they maintained their ex-
clusive character. The Weavers, Martins,
Sneeders and Sensnichs being the only Ger-
mans who pressed them from the west.

The iron barons, Branson, Lardner, Olds,
Jacobs and Jenkins, absorbed much of the
and owned by the early settlers, and when
they had to let go their grip the Germans
swept over the township, and now own the
finest and best farms within its limits. This
old Welsh settlement was the most exclusive
and aristocratic in the county. There are
very few of their descendants living in the
township, and none of them are occupying
the proud position of their ancestors. Many
distinguished families now widely scattered
over the country, however, are descendants
of these old settlers.

Cadwaladee Ellis, on October 15,
1718, took up several hundred acres of land



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at the southeast corner of the township.
He died in 1729, leaving two sons and sev-
eral daughters. Some of his descendants
are now living in Philadelphia.

Thomas Morgan, on October 6, 1718,
took np six hundred acres of land, north of
Ellis, and several other tracts of land. In
the year 1721, he purchased four hundred
and twenty-four acres of land from Gabriel
Davies, which embraced the whole of the
tract of land belonging afterwards to Jenkins
and to the Bangor church. He conveyed
the four hundred acres to David Jenkins,
who gave it to his son John Jenkins, in
1723. Prior to 1730 he conveyed
to Bangor church, in trust, about
one hundred acres of land for
the support of the rector and a school
The trustees divided the land into half and
three-quarter acre lots, fronting on both sides
of the old "horse shoe" road. The church
at regular intervals appointed persons to lease
and let these lots, which they did in many
cases for a period of ninety-nine years.
Dwellings were built upon them, and a vil-
lage grew up, which for fifty years was
called "Bangor Church-Town." The
place for a hundred years has
been known as "Churchtown." This
is the true origin of the name. It did
not come from the number of churches, nor
from a person named "Church." The an-
nual quit rent on each lot was a few shil-
lings. Thomas Morgan m. Elizabeth .

He died about the year 1744, leaving a
widow, and children, as follows:

%. John; m. Ruth , and had :

1. Thomas,

2. John.

it. Jacob; m. Rachel (Jones?). He be-
came a distinguished officer in the Revolu-
tion. He ranked as Colonel and was the
founder of "Morgan town," Berks county,
where he resided. He was one of Berks
county's most eminent citizens.

Hi. FromcU; resided at Churchtown.

uj. William.

Captain David Morgan, of Earl, in 1777,
was a grandson.

Hugh Hughes, on October 6, 1718, took
up five hundred and fifty-six acres, on the
west side of the Morgan tract, and one hun-
dred acres adjoining, on the north.

John Bowbn, in 1718 took up four hun-
dred and sixty acres, west of the Hughes



taaet He died in May, 1748, leaving a wife
Elizabeth and children as follows:

i. Evan.

H. Joeeph.

Hi. John,

it?. Levy.

v. Edward.

vi. Jean; m. Nicholas Hudson.

vii. Joan; m. John Ford.

viii. Anna.

Gabriel Davies, on November 6, 1718,
took up four hundred and fifty-seven acres
of land west of the Bowen tract This tract
extended from the south side of the Cones-
togoe, north to the "Horse Shoe" road, now
Churchtown. In 1720 he conveyed four hun-
dred acres to Thomas Morgan, who sold to
David Jenkins, of Chester county, who gavo-
the same to his son John Jenkins. Gabriel



Online LibraryFrance) Société asiatique (ParisNotes and queries: Chiefly relating to Interior Pennsylvania, Volume 2 → online text (page 24 of 81)