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Notes and queries: Chiefly relating to Interior Pennsylvania, Volume 2 online

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Robert McKee's company of militia in the
war for Independence. He died in February,
1797, leaving a wife, and children as follows :

t. William.

ti. Margaret

iii. Sarah.

iv. Robert.

v. Alexander.

ti. Jane,

vii. Mary.

viii. Agnes.

It is probable that after the death of the
father, the family removed to the westward.

»••

CONTINENTAL, MONBY.

[The following statement of the emissions
of bills of credit by the Continental Congress
during the Revolution is worthy preserva-
tion m Notes and Queries. It is proper to
say, that it shows only the amount issued of
what was afterwards called the 'Old Emis-
sions, " which was known then and ever since
as "Continental Money." No issue of the
"New Emission' ' is included in it]

When Ordered. Amount.

1775. June 22 $2,000 000

July 25 1,000,000

Nov. 29 3,000,000

1776. Jan. 5 10,000

Feb. 17 4,000,000

May 9 5,000,000

July 22 5,000,000

Nov. 2 500,000

Dec 28 5,090,000

1777. Feb. 26 5,000,000

May 20 5,000,000

Aug. 15 1,000,000

Nov. 7 1,000,000

Dec 3 1,000,000

1778. Jan. 8 1,000,000

Jan. 22 2,000,000

Feb. 16 2,000,000

March 5 2,000,000

April 4 1,000,000

April 11 5,000,000

April 18

May 22 5,000,900

June 20. 5,000.000



Jnly 31 5,000,000-

Sept 5 5,000,000-

Sept 26 10,000,000

Nov. 4 10,000,000

Dec 14 10,000,000

1779. Jan. 14. 50,000,400

Feb. 3 5,000,160

Feb. 19 5,000,160

April 1 5,000,160

May 5 , 10,000,000*

June 4 10,000,000

July 17 5,000,180

July 17 10,000,100

Sept 17 5,000,080

Sept 17 10,000, 180-

Oct. 14 5,000,180

Nov. 17 5,000,040*

Nov, 17 5,050,500

Nov. 28 10,000,140-

f 242, 062,780
Deduct
1776.
Feb. 1 7, not printed, $ 62, 780
Nov. 2, do. 500,000

1777. 1

ma 1 } w itAdrawn,41,5O0,000
May2oj 42,062,780-

$200,000,000
[It thus appears that the total amount of
Continental paper issued by order of Con-
gress was two hundred millions of dollars-
("old emission"), but owing to the great de?
preciation of this paper currency, it cannot
now be ascertained what the whole amount
issued was actually worth to the United
States, when paid by the agents of the Gov-
ernment for services or supplies. The fol-
lowing from an original voucher will give-
our readers a clearer and more satisfactory
view, as it exhibits the real difference in busi-
ness transactions between Continental Paper
and Specie in 1781:]

"The U. S. to Robert Boggs, Dr.
1781. Sept 9. To my pay as Wagon
Master, 47 days at 4 shillings
per day £9.8.0

" Sept 26. By cash rec'd £3,950
currency, exchange at 600
perl 6.11.8-

" By ditto, £2, 21 6. 1 3. 4 cm r. ex-
exchange 1000 for 1 2. 16. 4>

£9.8.0



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169



[When it took one thousand Continental
dollars to pay for an article worth but one
dollar, the paper currency had become al-
most worthless — bat although then almost
worthless, it had aided most materially in
sustaining and accomplishing the American
Revolution.]



AN AUTOBIOGRAPHY.

Extracts Take* from the Life of John Keaa
•f Harrftsbara-.



IV.



There were many in Dauphin county who
approved the proceedings of the western peo-
ple. * * • • Some persons inadvert-
antly called a town meeting through the
newspaper. I feared the result would be in
favor of the insurgents, and therefore in-
stantly drew up a set of resolutions appro-
batory of the measures of Government and
breathing subordination to and promising
support of the laws. With this I ran to al-
most all the inhabitants of the town who
were called Democrats, requesting them to
come to the meeting and showing them the
necessity and propriety of adopting the res-
olutions I had in my hand. I at that time
was captain of a volunteer artillery company
consisting of about seventy men. They all
assured me of their support, as did most of
the others I bad spoken with. I felt then
satisfied, and waited for the time of meeting
in full confidence of adding the declaration
of Harri8bnrg in favor of law and good or-
der. When the hour of meeting arrived and
the people began to assemble, we found two
firebrands with their party, guarding the
door and declaring the people shonld not
meet. This was too much, and required
some trouble to destroy the effects of such
proceedings. Some moderate men prevented
the parties trom coming to blows, but no
meeting was held.

I have been thus particular in this busi-
ness because I was afterwards represented as
s leader in the work of disorganization and
opposition to the Government, than which
nothing was further from my thought or in-
tention. I considered that the political sal-
vation of the country and its republican in-
stitutions depended upon an implicit and un-
qualified submission to the laws. If they
were improper or injudicious, they must be
submitted to until regularly repealed in the
mode pointed out by the Constitution. To



oppose the execution of them by force was
anarchy, from which the transition was
natural and easy to despotism. Here is a
circumstance (I would not relate this, only
to show the character of some persons we
have to deal with in this world.) * • •

I heard my name mentioned, and heard
the stranger say, "if it was not for that fel-
low we could rule the county, but his * * * •
popularity destroys our cause." "Yes,"

said , "I wish he was out of the way. It

would be doing God service. * * * • *
"I hope somebody will do it, for he is the
idol of the people, and is still preaching
Equality of Rights, which the mob were
never made to enjoy. Let us either kill him
or destroy his popularity by some means, or
we shall never rise. After this pious con-
clusion, they went out of my hearing. At

this time I was bail for for upwards

of 3,000 dollars. Such is this world's grati-
tude. "Hide me from the secret counsel of
the wicked, from the insurrection of the
workers of iniquity;" said Luther, I could
be proud upon it that I have a bad name
among wicked men.

The militia were now marching in from
all quarters on their route westward to quell
the whisky insurrection. The court house
building was progressing, and scaffold poles
erected, on one of which the bricklayers, as is
customary, hang a white flag or cloth. In
the western counties the erection of flags had
been a symptom of insurrection. This our
bricklayers, I believe, had either never heard,
or if they had did not think of. At all
events it had no political reference. How-
ever my opponents no sooner saw it than
they attacked me in the newspapers as the
author and abettor of this monstrous symbol
of sedition ; but here they were wrong. I
was not in the county when it was erected
and to the best of my recollection the first
notice I had of such a thing being in exist-
ence was by the newspaper in which a cor-
respondent poured forth a torrent of abuse,
and a newspaper war commenced in which I
was so lucky as to make my opponents ap-
pear both wicked and ridiculous. The flag
in question had been taken down and another
substituted, which bore the inscription
"Liberty and Equality." (12)

My antagonists, defeated in this attempt,
had recourse to another and what they
thought a sure expedient to effect my rain.
They waited upon General Proctor (13) and
CoL Carney (14), who were then in town



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with troops, and represented me as an enemy
to the Government and supporter of this flag;
that I had a number of men marshalled to
oppose the army, and that an insurrection
was as ripe in Harrisburg, under my direc-
tion, as it could be in the western counties.
These officers heard the dreadful tale and
ordered the flag immediately to be cut down
and that I should be arrested; both of which
were done, and I appeared before them as a
prisoner. When I entered the room the offi-
cers appeared violently enraged, and in a
very harsh manner demanded what I had to
say for myself; that they were creditably
informed I was a notorious offender and in-
surgent To be tried by a military tribunal ;
the thought was dreadful. I summoned
resolution enough to tell my story — a plain,
unvarnished narrative of facts. They
listened with surprise, and when I had
finished told me if I could substantiate what
I had said they would dismiss me. I re-
ferred to the newspapers and a copy of the
resolutions intended to have been offered at
the meeting. These were produced by some
respectable neighbors ; which were no sooner
read than I was discharged, after drinking
some wine with the officers.
Notes.

12. Mr. Graydon spealts of this occur-
rence in his "Memoirs," as follows:

'The Western Expedition, as it was
called, gave me an opportunity of seeing a
number of my old friends from Philadelphia;
and it afforded also a momentary triumph to
the poor handful of Harrisburg federalists,
who were stated by their opponents to
amount to only five.

"A French flag, which had been flying at
the Court House, then building, had been
the cause of some squabbling in the news-
papers; t and this flag was peremptorily
•ordered to be taken down by the troops from
the city. Had I been disposed for revenge, I
might, upon this occasion, have been fully
gratified, as I was repeatedly asked who had
caused it to be put up. and impliedly
•censured for giving evasive answer* to the
questions, which, from their manner,
evinced a disposition to treat the authors
much more roughly than would have been
agreeable to me.

"Conspicuous among the crowd that rolled
•on to the eastward was Gov. Mifflin. On the
day of his arrival he convened the people at
the market house and gave them an animated
harangue, in which there was nothing excep-



tionable, save a monstrous suggestion that
the British had stirred up the discontents to
the westward, and been the cause of the
present opposition to the Government

"A few days after the Governor, Gen.
Washington, accompanied by Col. Hamilton,
<*ame on. After waiting on them, I pre-
vailed upon the Burgesses to present an ad-
dress to the President, which I sketched out,
and which, from the cordiality of the
answer, appeared to have been well re-
ceived. "

13. Thomas Proctor, eldest son of Fran-
cis Proctor was a native of Ireland b. in
1739. His father emigrated to America
about 1750, locating in Philadelphia, where
the son pursued the occupation of a carpen-
ter, in which business he was actively en-
gaged when the war for independence began.
He at once espoused the patriot cause and in
1775 commanded an artillery company, sub-
sequently 'promoted to major and to colonel
of the Fourth /egiment of artillery, Perm 'a
Line. His services during the Rev-
olution were eminently patriotic and val-
uable. During the Whiskey Insurrection he
was placed in command of the First Brigade
of the Penn'a forces. In 1796 he was com-
missioned a Major General of the militia.
He also served as sheriff of Philadelphia
from 1783 to 1785, and in 1790 City Lieu-
tenant In 1791 he was commissioned by tl*e
Secretary of War to undertake a mission to
the Six Nations in New York. General Proc-
tor died at Philadelphia March 16th, 1807,
aged 67 years.

14. Francis Gurnet was a native of
Bucks county, Penna., where he was born in
1738. He entered mercantile life, and be-
came a successful merchant in Philadelphia.
When the Revolution opened, having served
as a volunteer in the French and Indian war,
he was commissioned a captain, and
afterwards promoted to lieutenant colonel
in the Eleventh regiment of the
Penn'a Line. He served with honor and dis-
tinction throughout the war. On the' res-
toration of peace, in 1783, he resumed his
mercantile pursuits, which he continued until
within a year or two of his death. He also
served in various civil offices, Warden of the
Port, Alderman of the city, member of the
Assembly, etc. He was commissioned Col-
onel of the First Regiment of the Philadel-
phia Brigade in 1786, and acting as such was
in service during the Whiskey Insurrection.
He died on the 25th of May, 1815.



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161



TUB DAVIES FAMILY.



[Squire Evans' articles have had numerous
•readers who became much interested in the
-trainable facts therein set forth. The follow-
ing letter from Hon. Edward McPherson to
.Samuel Evans, Esq., is of especial value,
sand is well worthy perusal in this connec-
tion.]

Gettysburg, Feb. 13, 1888.

Dear Sib: In your article on the Davies
family, of Caernarvon {N. <fe Q. clxcxii),
you mention Hugh Davies among the settlers.
I have for vears been trying to get trace of
••Hugh Davies."

Robert and Jenet McPherson, the original
settlers on Marsh Creek, of our name, had
three children: Robert, afterwards Captain
and Colonel; France*, who married Hugh
Davies (the other daughter, Jean, married
John Boyd).

Hugh Davies went to Virginia. In
1769 he executed a bond which I have,
an which he describes himself
as "of Augusta county, in the Colony of
Virginia. " Previous to that he had sold to
John Craig 110 acres and a half of land,
part of "his dwelling plantation in Cumber-
land township, York county." In 1782, he
executed a power of attorney to Hugh Davies,
Jr., to come to York county to collect some
legacies from the executors of the aforesaid
Jenet McPherson. He died in 1786, and
.his will was proved October 4, 1786. His
wife was living, and their children were
Hugh, James, Janet, who married David
Doak, Basannah, who married William
Thompson, Mary Rowan ; Nancy,
John, Nathaniel, Jonah and Robert.
This will was proved at Lexington, Rockbridge
county. If Rockbridge was created out of
Augusta between these dates, we could infer
that he died in 1786 where he lived in 1782,
which I presume to be the fact

Hugh Davies, jr., died in the same year.
His will was dated April 11, 1786, and
proved Oct 4, 1786. By this will it appears
that Robert was not 21 in March, 1786, and
that John, Nathaniel and Josiah were then
unmarried. Robert got the farm of 230
Acres on which the father died. John got
500 acres on the waters of the Ohio, a
branch of Salt Lick creek adjoining Cap-
tain Samuel Atlee, James Smith, Major De
Haas, Gunning Bedford, and surveyed fur
John Davis January 20, 1783. The name



was by this time come to be frequently writ*
ten Davis.

Nov. 9, 1793, Robert Davies deeded to
John O. Campbell 231 acres, adjoining
William Lyle (top of the Pine Hill), and
Robert McClure. I suppose this was the
home farm.

What became of the Robert Doak's land I
do not know; probably the family went that
way, on or about 1830. One Davies writes
to my grandfather William McPherson from
Eastern Kentucky, calling himself our
cousin.

There is a will of Evan Davies and of
Thomas Davies of the will records at
Lexington, Va. Those names are not of
the childron of Hugh and Frances.

The David Doak family lived and died in
Augusta county, Va. I have a copy of his
wilt Most of that name are in the South-
west

I do not trace the William Thompson
branch, nor any of the others named.

Should you have anything of the original
Hugh, I will be glad to know it The Atlee
and the Bedford cases I suppose are locatable.
Yours, Ed. McPherson.

To Samuel Evans, Esq., Columbia.



NOTES AND QUERIES.



Historical, Biographical aad Ctoaealotfcal*



clxxxvtl



The Women op Revolutionary Times.
—From the Philadelphia Packet, of 16th of
September, 1776, we learn that owing to the
fact that the able bodied men of Lancaster
and Cumberland counties had departed on
the service of their country, "the patriotic
young women to prevent the evil that would
follow the neglect of putting in the fall crop
in season, have joined the ploughs and are
preparing the fallows for the seed, and
should their fathers, brothers and lovers be
detained abroad in defence of the liberties of
these States, they arc determined to put in
the crops themselves — a very laudable ex-
ample, and highly worthy of imitation. "

Manassah Coylb, of Cumberland
county, was a volunteer in Captain Samuel
Patton's company, in the year 1777, and
subsequently in Capt William Huston's
company. He afterwards removed to West-
moreland county, Penn'a, where he was an



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Iadian scout in Capt William Perry's com-
pany. In tne spring of 1782 he was in Capt
Robert Orr's company upon the ill-fated
Lochry expedition, captured and taken pris-
oner to Canada, from which he escaped,
reaching home in December, 1782. This in-
formation comes from Sharon, Penn'a, with
the inquiry, what is further known of his
Revolutionary services.



WBNRICH CHURCH.



Tombstone Inscription* In Graveyard mt
Afnnat Zlon Evangelical Lutheran nnd Re-
formed Chnrch*

[The following inscriptions were gathered
a few years since. They are simply those of
the most prominent people therein buried.]
Buck, John, b. Sep. 12, 1780; d. Jan. 10,

1835.
Buck, Eve, wf. of J., b. Feb. 9, 1779; d.

Feb. 7, 1841.
Bucher, Casper, b. 1733; d. June

11, 1789.

Bucher, Catharine, b. Feb. 16, 1742; d.

Jan 31, 1821.
Culp, Maria S., b. Dec 13, 1791; d. Jan.

23, 1845
Eizenhower, John, b. Feb. 5, 1774; d. June

21, 1861.
Fritchey, Godfrey, b. 1756; d. 1821.
Fritchey, Dorothy, wf. of G., b. Nov. 1,

1770; d. Dec 23, 1853.
Fritchey, George, s. of G., b. 1790; d. Aug.

18, 1814.
Fritchey, Augustus, b. 1811; d. 1822.
Fackler, Elizabeth, wf. of G., and d. John

and Margaret Umberger, b. July 2,

3793; d. July 18, 1831.
Heckert Johannes, b. Jan. 19, 1782; d.

Aug. 30, 1803.
Heckert, Philip, b. Oct 15, 1744; d. Sept

18, 1803.
Heckert, Casper, b. May 25, 1777; d. Dec

12, 1846.

Hecken, Peter, b. Aug. 24, 1775; d. March

1, 1839.
Heckert Elizabeth, wf. of P., b. Feb. 1,

1777. d. Oct 2, 1867.
Heckert Elizabeth, d. of P., b. Jan. 26,

1802; d. Aug. 16. 1824.
Heckert Philp, s. of P., b. April 4, 1817;

d. Sep. 14, 1835.
Lingle, Jacob, b. Sept 11, 1786; d. July

21, 1847.
Lingle Elizabeth, wf. of J., b. March 12,

1788; d. May 10, 1855.



Lingle, Benjamin, b. Aug. 29, 1812; d. May

5, 1881.
Lingle, Mary, wf . of B., b. Sept 6, 1820;.

d. April 6, 1868.
lingle, Jacob, b. Dec 22, 1777; d. July 19,

1836.
Lingle, Catharine, wf. of J. and dau. of

Martin Koch, b. March 12, 1781; d.

June 3, 1839.
McElhenny, Samuel, b. Dec. 22, 1839; d.

March 16, 1833.
McElhenny, Samuel, b. March 31, 1787; d.

July 80, 1864.
McElhenny, Hannah, wf. of S., b. Jan. 24,

1806: d. Sept 22, 1864.
Reed, Robert b. Dec 17, 1799; d. April 29,

1876.
Reed, Harriet wf. of R., b. June 9, 1809;,

d. Sept 6, 1870.
Rihm, Daniel, b. Sept 28, 1745; d. Feb. 27,

1822.
Rihm, Maria Elizabeth, wf. of D., b. Aug.

7, 1756; d. Juhe 18, 1823.

Seig, Polly, wf. of Samuel and dan. of John*

and Catharine Eisenhower, b. Nov. 6,

1801 ; died March 27, 1837.
Seerer, Christopher, b. Dec 1, 1762; d. April

5, 1827.
Sheafer, Anna Maria, wf . of Jacob and dau.

of Peter Heckert b. Dec 7, 1799; d.

Oct 21, 1838.
Umberger, Michael, b. Dec 12, 1777; d.

Sept 17, 1857.
Umberger, Mary, wf. of M., b. Dec 4, 1790;.

d. Jnne 17, 1821.
Umberger, Harriet wf. of Wm. and dau. of

Jacob and Ruth Smith, b. Sept 7, 1810;.

d. Jan. 6. 1857.
Umberger, Margaret Elizabeth, b. Nov. 6,

1775; d. April 28, 1829.
Umberger, Benjamin, b. Dec 18, 1804; d.

Feb. 10, 1844.
Umberger, Dr. David, b. Dec 26, 1796; d.

July 30, 1874.
Umberger, Juliet Roberts, wf. of D., b.

1804; d. Dec 7, 1862.
Umberger, Mary, dau. of D., b, May 13,

1834; d. Aug. 17, 1865.
Weeber, Philip, b. Jane 6, 1800, in France;.

d. March 8, 1872, in Mifflin.

Weeber, Mary Catharine, wf. of P., b. Aug,
15, 1803; d, Nov. 8, 1849.



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163



AN AUTOBIOGRAPHY*



Extracts Taken from the Life «t Joha
Kean, of Hurrtobarf.



V.



Thus another attempt, aimed even at my
life, was baffled. I say aimed at my life,
for sedition was by the law treason, and
treason death.. Previous to this my friends
had often requested me to suffer my name
to be run for the Legislature. I had always
refused. After this usage, however, I be-
came ambitious and wished to eclipse those
who had thus troubled me, as well as to
vindicate my character as an upright citizen.
Thus it happened that in October. 1794, I
was elected a Senator to represent the Berks
and Dauphin district in the State Legisla-
ture.

In 1793 and 1794, I had been appointed
executor of several estates. The weight ol
the accounts lying still on my hands unset-
tled, required my continued attendance at
Harrisburg much to the inj ury of my other
business. This caused us to remove to Har-
risburg, which we did in the spring of 1802.
My business there was the settling of ac-
counts of the estate of Capt Hamilton and
superintending of the property taken at the
appraisement in the summer, and attending
my legislative duties in the winter, for I was
this fall elected for the third time to the
Senate. In the course of this political con-
test my opponent, , aided by a band of

office hunt rs, instigated one Benjamin
Mayer (14), a German printer, to abuse me
in his paper, which he did in a most unwar-
rantable msnner, and for which I sued him.
He was found guilty and fined. I also re-
covered 300 dollars damages from him, which
I would not use, but when I removed to Pal-
myra I built a stone schoolhouse with it as
far as it went, and finished it with my own
money. [We had all the expenses of the
school house, but I used them to kindle the
fire— J. D. K.] This, although taking ven-
geance on my enemies, was by no means sat-
isfactory to me. I had spent the prime of
my life in Harrisburg, and had upon all oc-
casions done every thing in my power for the
benefit of that place.

In the summer of 1803 we sold some part
of the property which had belonged to my
father-in-law's estate and purchased a house
and nine acres of land in Palmyra, about
three miles from the Forge, to which we re-



moved in April, 1804, aad here we again
opened a store. In the winter following, I
attended my duties as a Senator in perhaps
as trying times as ever existed. Duane (15),
an Irish emigrant, by means of his paper,
the Aurora, had rendered the people of
Pennsylvania dissatisfied with their form of
government and st'ured up a desire to change
the Constitution. In all the evils and bick-
erings of party, I had never apprehended
equal mischiefs to this. The former disputes
between those in and those out of office I
had received with indifference to what I did.
Duane and his party, in order to obtain
power, endeavored to unhinge every social
tie and give the reign to anarchy. This da-
ring attempt I exposed in a letter to my con-
stituents which went the round of ail the
newspapers and brought out the whole fury
of anarchy upon me ; but I had the consola-
tion that my letter stood the test, and in-
stead of confuting my arguments they only
answered me with personal abuse and tor-
rents of scurillity.

In 1805, Gov. McKean tendered me the po-
sition of Registrar General to succeed Mr.
Duffield. I hesitated, bnt nt length accepted.
Then I began to calculate the cost of living
at Lancaster. This should have been a pre-
paratory step, but it was too late to refuse,
and I found the expense would swallow up
the whole salary, $1,333 per year. We de-
termined that the family should remain at
Palmyra, in Dauphin county, and that my
public life should end with the present Gov-
ernor's time. Having in public life seen a
little of the world, I can now with certainty
pronounce that the post of honor is a private
station ; and now I can with calm attention
resurvey my transactions; and am in this
retrospect, so happy as to have the full ap-
probation of my own conscience. Having
had to mix with politicians of all sides and
descriptions, my political course has been the
same, and I have steadily pursued the prin-
ciples which gave Freedom to America, • but
have often found my course crossed by those
changelings who were one day on one side
and the next day something else. * * • •
I am now looking with anxiety for next De-
cember, which will again restore me to the
arms of my family, and from which no ex-
pectation of emolument shall again tear me,
for with them I am and can be happy.

Postscript by Miss Kean.— I expect
Father intended to furnish his recollections,
of which I send you some extracts.



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The year he was called away, he had
been all summer every leisure moment, look-



Online LibraryFrance) Société asiatique (ParisNotes and queries: Chiefly relating to Interior Pennsylvania, Volume 2 → online text (page 27 of 81)