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Notes and queries: Chiefly relating to Interior Pennsylvania, Volume 2 online

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1752. The doctor's grandfather was Jacob
Putt, and his father the late William Putt,
who married Catharine Hoffman. The
father came from Berks county in early
life to what is now Oak Lane farm, owned
by Colonel James Young, in Lower
Swatara township, and after discontinuing
farming, resided for a few years in Middle-
town, from whence he removed to Harris-
burg, where he was employed as prison
watcnman and afterwards superintendent of
the Harrisburg cemetery. His children were;

*'. Dr. Edward J.

it. Benneville; d. in Wormleysburg.

iii. Elvira; d. s. p.

iv. Alfred H; residing in Halifax.

v. Frank; residing in Harrisburg.

vi. William J.; residing at Camp Hill.

vii. John H; d. in Wormleysburg.

viii. Augustus H.

Doctor Putt was a self-made man. H

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Historical and Genealogical.


received his education in the common
schools of his day and bj private study
until he was fitted to teach school, which
profession he followed several winters, in
the meantime reading medicine with his
uncle, the late Dr. Jonathan Zerbe, of
Sheafferstown. After graduating in Phila-
delphia in 1842, he located at Highspire,
where he continued in the active practice of
his profession about forty- six years. His
professional life was an arduous one, and the
range of his practice was quite extensive,
reaching beyond the South mountain in York
county. Dr. Putt married Cassia Oberly,
daughter ot Frederick Oberly and his wife,
Maria Sheaffer, who, with three children,
•urvive— Augustus, of Highspire; Dr. Moris
Oberty. a graduate of the University of
Pennsylvania, practicing medicine at Ober-
lin; and Alice. The first and last of his
children are mutes. The funeral services
were held on Saturday afternoon, October
27, 1888, in the U. B. church, conducted by
Revs. £. L. Hughes and J. B. Doucherly.

B. w. 8. P.


[For the following transcript of an ori*
ginal manuscript preserved among the
"Heckewelder Papers" in the Historical So-
ciety of Pennsylvania, we are indebted to
Mr. John W. Jordan. This valuable series
of queries and replies, although signed by
Mr. Heckewelder, is undated and un ad-
dressed, but it is believed the querist was his
friend, Dr. Caspar Wistar, of Philadelphia.
It is given to our readers in precisely the form
it was prepared, and is a *">rbatim et liter-
atim copy.]


Early in the present century, when there
was a growing spirit of inquiry among men
of science in our country, in the department
of Indian archaeology, it is no surprise to
find that the Rev. John Heckewelder,
who for near half a century was engaged in
the Indian mission of the Moravian church,
was called upon to contribute to the world
what had fallen within his observation and
knowledge. His literary labors, therefore,
began when he had long passed the meridian
of a memorable life. At the request of the
Historical and Literary Committee of the
American Philosophical Society he contrib-

uted occasional essays, which were pub-
lished in their transactions, and in 1818,
under their auspices, he prepared his "Ac-
count of the History, Manners, and Customs
of the Indian Natives who once inhabited
Pennsylvania and the neighboring States.*'
This work was translated into German by
the Rev. F. Hesse, of Nienburg. and pub-
lished in 1821 at Gottingen. A French
translation by P. S. Du Pooceau, appeared
in 1822 in Paris. In 1876, a new and re-
vised edition, with an introduction and notes
by the Rev. William C. Reichel, was
published by the Historical Society of
Pennsylvania. His "Narrative of the
Mission of the United Brethren among
the Delaware and Mohican Indians,"
appeared in 1820, and in 1822, his
last literary effort, "Names which the Lenni
Lenape, or Delaware Indians gave to Rivers,
Streams and Localities within the States of
Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Maryland, and
Virginia, with their Significations!" In ad-
dition to the published works of Mr*
Heckewelder, there are many valuable
journals and essays in manuscript preserved
in the archives of the Moravian Church at
Bethlehem, in the Historical Society of
Pennsylvania, and among his descendants.
Two of of the former have been annotated
by John W. Jordan, and published in the Penn-
sylvania Magazine of History and Biography,
viz: "Notes of Travel of William Henry.
John Heckewelder, John Roth rock and
Christian Clewell, in Gnadenhutten on the
Muskingum, in the early Summer of 1797,"
and "Narrative of John Heckewelder's Jour-
ney to the Wabash in 1792." This latter
i'ournal was published in Germany. "Jo-
tann Heckewelder's Reise von Bethlehem in
Pensilvania bis zum Wabash Flues in Nord-
westlicben Gebiet der Vereinigten Staaten,
Nord-Amerika mit anmerkungen herausge-
geben von M. C. Sprengel, Halle, 1797."

Questions Pat to Friend Heckewelder— H to

Q. How were you in Bodily Health since
we saw each other last ?

A. Subject to various changes— troubled
much with Rheumatic pains, especially at
sudden changes of the weather, and in
spring and fall seasons.

Q. Ho* did you amuse yourself and spend
your time ; was it in piety and the fear of
God, or was it in pursuit of the things that
afforded enjoyment in this world ?

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Historical and Genealogical.

A. In piety and the fear of God— yet paying
every attention to the tmat committed to
one by the Directors of the Society. [Amer-
ican Philosophical Society.]

Q. How is *he State of the Mission among
-the Indians— do the number of converts in-
•creane; did you observe real Christianity in
their conduct; can they love and forget in-
j iiries ?

A. The Mission is much at a stand; very
few new Converts— real Christianity with
•«ome who do love and can forgive Injuries.

Q. Is there anything more sincere in the
-conduct of those born of Converted parents,
«nd who received instruction from their
•early Infancy, than there is observable in
•that of the old converted Warriors ?

A. Old Converted Warriors make the best
'Christians. Some few born of converted
Parents, and who have received instruction
from their infancy, lead an exemplary lifr,
and others take belight in the Heathenish
ways, and must often be admonished and

Q. Did you ever learn whether the more
Northern Indians, who were converted by
Homan Catholic Missionaries, have also
'imbibed their Intollerant Spirit ?

A. I inquired once of a reputable Indian
Trader, who lived among the Wyandotte
Tndims, who all are called Christians since
they are instructed by the Roman Catholic
Missionaries, what kind of Christians they
were, and was answered, "Wooden Chris-
tians, tho' they had the Cross hanging to
their necks. "

K. Did you hear any Traditional account
about the old ruins of Fortification, etc. ?

A. Nothing more than what their usual
Traditions run, to wit They had been built
by a Nation of Indians called "Tallegewi,"
who built them for self-defence, but had been
conquered by the Delawares and Wyandotte,
-and become extinct

Q. Did any newly discovered Antiquities
•come to your knowledge during your last
sojournment in that [Indian] Country ? If
any what are they ?

A. Nothing of the kind came to my knowl-
edge of late.

Q. What kind of stones are the most gen-
eral in that country ? Have you observed
any real Granite in some of the mountains ?

-A. Stones of various kinds are met with
in the western Country, yet not any of Gran-
te have come within my knowledge.

Q. Is there any discovery of Metallic Min-
erals ?

A. There are Metallic Minerals discovered
in several places— Iron Ore of three differ-
ent kinds; two kinds of stone ore, and one
of bog ore; Silver Ore. Sulphnr, Alum, etc

Q. When yet a young man, I remember
to have heard a Popular story that the In-
dians knew of a rich mine of some valuable
ore atWyomick. Did you hear anything of
it among your Delawares aud Shawanese
who formerly resided there ?

A. I at that time heard the same story, but
there was no foundation for it The Indians
that had resided there told me, that they had
heard the same Story of the White People,
but they knew not of anything of the kind
being there.

Q. I have seen pieces of old earthen ves-
sels, said to have been large, found under-
ground in the lowlands; is there any such in
your country ?

A. There have been found a kind of East -
ern Pots, and pieces of Pot, certainly made
by hand found under Ground. I have seen
such ware.

Q. Every time I travel to Philadelphia I
endeavor to recollect your former explana-
tion of the real Indian Names of the Rivers
and Creeks I pass, but cannot do it The
first is Lehigh.

A. Lechanweek — Easton. Menagacksln
(Manakasy) or Bethlehem.

Q. Durham Creek?









Tohicon ?

Bridge of drift wood Creek.

Tinicum ?

Deep Run ?

Great Neshamini ?

1 am at a loss to find the true inter-
pretation of the word "Neshamini," and
probably it is not correctly put down.
Shammeen, is to grease. The letter N be-
fore a word very often expresses the person
I— in this place it might be interpreted
N' Shammeen, I am greasing, or N'Sham-

Q. Pennypack?

A. Penipeck. Note. I am uncertain in
the meaning of the word, but it alludes to
something that does not move — either creek
or run must flow from a standing pool, pond
or lake, or the creek must be slow running

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Historical and Genealogical.


crater, or some immovable object be,
-or have been at the spot

— ►♦*


Ofcttarlcal, Blosrapkleal aa4 Geaemlarfeal.


"Virginia Cousins" is the latest con-
tribntion to Virginia history, biography and
genealogy, aod although we do not like the
arrangement, it is without doubt one of the
most interesting volumes relating to the peo-
ple of the Ol i Domioion. The author, G.
Brown Goode, gives us in a
well-filled volume, a key to Southern
genealogy, although it purports to be "A
Study of the Ancestry and Posterity of John
"Goode.of Whitby, a Virginia Colonist of the
Seventeenth Century/' It is more, it is an
historical record of many of the leaders and
statesmen who made Virginia, and whose
history fmm early colony days down to the
present time is here interwoven. The title
is well chosen, for all Virginia seems to be
related in, addition claiming kindred toother
sections, North and West.


This family settled in that part of York
-county, Pennsylvania, which was cut off by
Adams county. I do not know the name of
the pioneer sevtler, but the following were
his children, all of whom were born in York
•county: [Perhaps Henry Rowan, as he ap-
pears to have been a settler on Marsh creek
as early as June, 17 39. J

i. Robert; b. March 8, 1754.

ii. James; b. May 25, 1756.

Hi. Jean; b. October 5, 1757.

u>. Alexander; b. March 17, 1763.

v. Jeremiah; b. April 24, 1764.

ii. Henry; b. June 22, 1766.

James Rowan, above, gentleman, was com-
•missioned ensign of the Eighth company of
loot in the Second battalion of militia of
York county.

The Rowan family belonged to the Asso-
ciate Reformed Presbyterian cburch. On
November 18, 1760, James Rowan married
Mary Boggs, and had the following chil-

i. Henry, b. Nov. 22, 1791.

ii. Bobett Boggs, b. March 22, 1793, d.
Jane 1, 1832.

Hi. Jane, b. August 30, 1794.

to. James, b. August, 1796, d. 8epL 10,

v. John, b. July 31, 1798.

vi. Maria, b. October 2, 1800.

vii. Datfid Wilson, b. June 5, 1802.

viii. Alexander, b. June 6, 1804.

The latter Alexander Rowan, married first
Eliza Black, of Columbia, and secondly,
Elizabeth Roberts, of Wrightsville, York
county. Under Ritner's administration he
was supervisor of the repairs of the Colum-
bia and Philadelphia Railroad. He died in
Wrightsville some years ago, and his son
James is a freight conductor on the Pennsyl-
vania Railroad, in whose possession the
family Bible is, from which I have copied
the above record. None of the name are
living in Adams county. The family went
West Samuel Evans.


[The following is a portion of a letter re-
ceived from Fort Worth, Texas. As it is of
general interest, we give it to readers of
Notes and Queries, in the hope of supple-
menting it very soon, with some of the infor-
mation requested.]

Our traditional history says: "Peter Mar-
tin (my great grandfather) was of French
(Huguenot) descent His ancestors settled
in the province of New Jersey. He with his
brother Robert removed to Northumberland
county, in the Province of Pennsylvania,
previous to the American Revolution. " His
(Peter's) wife was Sarah Campbell, daughter
of Robert Campbell and — — McMakin.
Robert Campbell lived at or near Princeton,
N. J., where he died about 1812. I have a
memorandum copy of a partition of his es-
tate made in 1812, allotting one share to
Robert Campbell Martin, Peter Boyd Mar-
tin and Mary (m. Langdon) heirs of Sarah

Peter and Robert Martin were active
Whigsjthe former "an officer (Lieutenant) in
the Pennsylvania service, and the latter, a
commissioner to treat with the Indians.
Peter Martin was taken prisoner at the battle
of Brandy wine in 1777, and '.vas killed a
few days afterwards in the guard-house at
Wilmington, Delaware, by a British officer
for remonstrating against the treatment he
and his fellow-prisoners received." After
Peter's death, his widow returned in 1778
(having already gone to Philadelphia about
1777, whereon June 1, 1777, my grand-

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Historical and Genealogical.

father, Peter Boyd Martin, was born), where
ber mother and relatives resided. In 1780
she removed to Philadelphia where she died
in 1783, leaving three children — Robert
Campbell Martin (married Sarah Wood*ide,
and raised a family in Philadelphia) ; Peter
Boyd Martin (my grandfather who came
South in 1812, and married in North

Carolina) and Mary, who married

Langdon, of N. J., and her descendants re-
moved to Indiana.

A friend has sent me an extract from the
niuster-roll of the 11th Pennsylvania, stat-
ing that "Peter Martin was secmd Lieuten-
ant of the Eleventh Regiment Continental
Line, commanded by Col. Richard Hurapton
and was killed at Battle of Brandy wine, Sept
11, 1777. This regiment suffered so heavily
that it was consolidated with the 10th Regi-
ment in July 1778.*' From another source
I learn your are the author of "Pennsylva-
nia in the Revolution," and that the above
information is given also in Vol. 1, p. 746 of
said work.

I have just received a long and interest-
ing letter from Camden, New Jersey, in re-
ply to some inquiries, wherein it reads: "A
John Martin was a member of the Committee
of the Assembly of Pennsylvania to treat with
Teedynscung the Indian Chief, at Lancaster,
Pa. His associates were some of the most
able men of the day, and the mission was one
of great importance. This committee was
appointed March 24, 1762. (See p. 62, Vol.
VPa. Mag.")

Now, inasmuch as our family tradition
erred as to Peter Martin being killed in
prison by a British officer, instead of at
Brandy wine, as the muster rolls show, I am
inclined to think that it also erred in saying
that Robert Martin was a commissioner to
treat with the Indians. The father of Rob-
ert and Lieut. Peter was John Martin, so
my father's record shows. My grandfather,
Peter Boyd Martin, was first named John,
after his grandfather, and after the death of
his father Lieut. Peter, his mother changed
his name to Peter, and his middle name
"Boyd." I am unable to account for this,
unless that was the maiden name of the
mother of Robert and Lieut. Peter.

In the "Pocket Gazeteer, of Pennsylva-
nia," is to be fonnd the account of North-
umberland county, that "Lieutenant Wm.
Boyd, of Captain Wm. Brady's com-
pany, Colonel Wm. Cooke's regiment, was
killed at Brandy wine." He was the

son of a widow named Sarah Boyd, who»
lived in Northumberland. His brother,.
Thomas Boyd, was in the Canada campaign.
Capt John Boyd, of the Rangers, was an-
other brother. He was a justice of North-
umberland after the war closed. "
. I mention this Boyd matter, as from your
researches you may be able to give me my
connecting link with the Boyds. As Robert
Campbell Martin, of Philadelphia, waa-
named after his grandfather, Robert Camp-
bell, of Princeton (my own father waa-
named Robert Campbell Martin, after thia-
Philadelphia uncle of his, and my eldest
brother and his son, and my youngest s<>n
each bear the same name), I am satisfied
that my great-grandmother, Sarah (Camp-
bell) Martin, gave my grandfather his mid-
dle name, Boyd, after the family* name of
her husband. Lieutenant Peter Martin 'sv
mother, this being the custom and real ori-
gin of middle names, I believe.

What I desire to find out, if possible, is-
my ancestry back of Lieutenant Peter Mar-
tin, and his father John, and incidentally all
that I can of Robert Martin and his de-
scendants, and also conoerning the Boyds.


Q. Frankford Creek ?


Q. Pegs Run or Cohaxsin.

A. Or Gniaxen, shoes of a Beef hide. £
am uncertain, but my conje cture, hatthe
Word being a Mousey one, must signify
Shoes made of the Hide of a Beef, not of
Deer Skin, as the Indians make them. Per-
haps some Person with our Shoes made his-
first appearance, or an Indian got the Name
by first obtaining a pair on that spot

Q. Schuylkill?

A. Probably a Sweedish name — given by
the Swedes.

Q. Skippack?

A. Skipeck

Q. Perkimoming?


Q. Menacasie?

A. Signifieth a winding stream.

Q. Bnshkill or Leghitton?

A. Sandy Creek, properly, "Leguiton,**
but if the Word is taken down right,\t should,
I think, denote a place where writings were-
drawn. Alluding to the Indian Treaties

Digitized by


Historical and Genealogical.


formerly held at Easton, at or near the
month of the said Bushkill.

Q. Pohatcank?

A. Perhaps it should be Pehatcunk, if so
it woald allude to a place where they had
waited for others— waiting place.

Q. Muscaninnk?

A. Maskhannicunk. at the rapid running

Q. Maccongie?

A. Machknntschi — Bears harbour, place
•of bears.

Q. Maxatany?

A. Pea vine Land.

Q. Oley?

A. Walo, a hole; place surrounded with

Q. Tnlpehaccon /

A. Tnrtle ground; harbour of Turtles.

Q. Susquehannah

A. Ach snsquehanne, Muddy Stream. I
•conjecture that thro' a misunderstanding by
a White Person, the River got this name.

Q. Potomaek?

A. Pethamok— they are approaching, by
water or in a craft — canoe.

Q. Patapsco?











Delaware River ?
Lenapewi Sipu.
Blue Mountain ?
Kittachtin, loftiest Mountain.
Pocono Mountain ?
Pokhanne, dark Creek.
Tobyhanna Creek ?
Topihanne, Alder Creek.
Tankhanna ?
Smaller, inferior Creek.
Iloeth's Creek ?

Weqnelan, from a kind of grass grow-
ing there.

Q. The first Creek beyond the blue Mcon-

A. Pokhapok.
Q. Sankichnack ?
A. Sankhanneck, flintstone Creek.
Q. The Creek in Allen Township turning
Levan's, Wilson's and Beils Mills ? kittle
Xehigh Creek ? Jordan Creek ? Pequest ?
4ppoquinomin Creek, in Delaware State?
Oohancy Creek, in Jersey ? Brandy wine ?
and many others that may occur ?

Swatara Creek ?

Swatara, must be a Seneca or Mingo
which I do not understand.


A. Wechshumins, the horned Beast
Item Siliamees, the beast with milk*

Q. Horse?

A. Nechnaungees, the beast that carries a

Q. Sheep?

A. Memekes, from the sound they itaka

Q. Bull?

A. Lennowechum, he Beast

Q. Stallion?

A. Weelchos.

Q. Ram.

A. Memikuhi.

Q. Hog?

A. Kuschkush.

Q. Bear?

A. Machk, the black handed Animal.
N. B. — Because its feet are somewhat like
that of a man.

Q. Deer.

A. Achtnch.

Q. Fox.

A. Wakus, the animal that circles round
in pursnit of its prey.

Q. Panther?

A. Quenieschkuney,'the long tail edanimal.

Q. Raccoon ?

A. Dackulentschen, the soft pawed Ani-

Q. Squirrel?

A. Prackulentschen, the animal which La
climbing Trees, cleaves dose to the Tree.

Q. Rabbit?

A. Tschemammes.

Q. Goose ?

A. Kaak, pi. Kaakak.

Q. Duck?

A. Shiewe, for Ducks generally, yet every
kind have a distinguishing Name.

Q. Pidgeon ?

A. Amimi,

Q. Hen?

A. Tipaas— Tipassak, fowls.

Q. Cock?

A. Lennowehella, the male of the feath-

Q. Turkey?

A. Tschikenum, the scratching fowl, be-
cause they scratch the leaves to find Acorns,

Q. Eagle?

A. Wapalanne, the Bald Eagle.

Q. Hawk?

A. Alanne, a Bird of prey.

Q. Swallow.

A. L'chauvanetil, the little forked Tailed

Digitized by



Historical and Genealogical.

Q. Bobbin ?
A. Tschirgochkos.
Q. Crow?
A. Ahaas.


Historical, Biographical and Genealogical.


Chambers. — As suggested by "S. D. B."
we have written to the gentleman who lives
\t the Ridge, in Cumberland count/, but as
/et have not received any reply. Perchance
/on can obtain what we desire.

Middletown Items.— John McCammon,
a native of Ireland, was postmaster in 1808,
and continued as late as 1821.

« 'Round Top Mill, " in 1 8 1 0. Where was

Thomas McCammon, son of John, d.
March 4, 1822, aged 20 yrs., 5 mos. and 22

Jacob King, d. March 23, 1806, aged 65

Washington Inn, formerly kept by Wil-
liam Crabb, was occupied by Mrs. Elizabeth
Wentz in April, 1806.

William Wentz, d. Feb. 12, 1807, aged 87

William Lauman, postmaster, and for-
merly member of the Legislature, d. Dec.
13, 1832.

William Allison, of Middletown, elected
in 1810 major of the First battalion, 78th
Regt, Penna. militia.


The Foander of Washington and Leo Uni-

William Graham, son of William Gra-
ham, was born in Pax tang township then
Lancaster county, Province of Pennsylvania,
on the 19th of December, 1745. His father
of Scotch paerntage came from the North of
Ireland, as did his mother whose maiden
name was Susannah Miller. His early years
were spent on the farm, but by dint of hard
labor and perseverance, so eharacteiistic of
the Scotch-Irish youth of that day, he pre-
pared himself for admission to the college of
New Jersey (now Princeton), where he grad-
uated in 1773. He taught in the grammar
school connected with that institution, while
studying theology under the tuition of the
Rev. John Roan.

Among the papers of Rev. John Roan we*
have the following account:

"Wm. Graham enter'd lObr, 23, 1767.
1768. Jan. 23-31, absent
Ap. 2-25, absent.
May 1, abs't some days.
June 13, returned 8br. 2d.
Dec'r. 24, some days absent

Went away Feb. 4, 1769. In all here 9*
months. I told his father, June 10, 1769,.
that it should be charged at about £8 pr. an-
num, viz 6 :00 :0

Rec'd DecV 21, 1769, of ye above 4:10:0

Again, May, 1771 0:07:0-

Jan. 18, 1773 1:10:0-

Lent to Wm. Graham Nov. 15, 1773. .0:10 :fr

Jan. 19, 1774 1 :05:O

From the foregoing it would seem that aa
late as 1774, he was a student of Mr. Roan's.

Mr. Graham, on the ' 26th of October,
1775, was licensed to preach by the Presby-
tery of Hanover, Virginia, to which locality
his family had previously removed. When>
the Presbytery determined to establish a
school for the rearing of young men for the
ministry, they applied to the Kev. Stanhope-
Smith, then itinerating iu Virginia, to re-
commend a suitable person to take charge of
their school, npon which he at once suggested'
Mr. Graham. Prior to this a classical
school had been taught at a place called Mt
Pleasant, and there Mr. G. commenced hia
labors as a teacher, and there we find the-
germ whence sprung Washington College,
and the now celebrated Washingtion and
Lee University of Virginia. Mr. Graham
died at Richmond, Va., June 8th, 1799. He-
married Mary Kerr, of Carlisle, Pa., and by
her had two sons and three daughters. HU
eldest bon entered the ministry, but died'
young; the other studied medicine, settled
in Georgia, and died about 1840.
» s

I. John Boyd, b. about 1719, in North of
Ireland, came to America about 1744 and*
settled in Chester county. He married'
about 1749. Sarah De Vane, b. in 1725 and
d. Nov. 10, 1813. They both died in North-
umberland county. She was of Huguenot
descent Their children were, among others r

3. i. John; b. Feb. 22, 1750, m. Rebecca.

u. Thomas; b. 1752, in Northumberland
county; was lieutenant in Sullivan's cam-

Online LibraryFrance) Société asiatique (ParisNotes and queries: Chiefly relating to Interior Pennsylvania, Volume 2 → online text (page 40 of 81)