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Notes and queries: Chiefly relating to Interior Pennsylvania, Volume 2 online

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paign against the Six Nations; was taken
prisoner by the Indians and Tories under



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command of Col. John Butler, his
son Walter, and Brant, at Little Beard's
Town on the Genessee, in September, 1779,
and inhumanly tortured and burned. (See
Pearce's Annals of Luzerne county, p. 142-
3.) lie was unmarried.

tit. William; b. at Northumberland in
1755; was a lieutenant 12th Regiment, Penn-
sylvania Line, Col. Win. Cooke, and fell at
the rattle of Brandy wine, September 11,
1777. He was unmarried.

IL John Boyd, b. February 22, 1750, in
Chester county, Pa.; d. February 13, 1831,
in Northumberland, Pa. Concerning him
we give the following obituary published at
time of his death.

"Died in Northumberland, Penn'a, 13th
of Feb., 1331, Capt John Boyd, an officer of
tho Revolution, and a member of the Cincin-
nati Society of Penn'a, aged 82 years. The
deceased was born in Chester county, Penn'a,
on the 22d of Feb., 1750, and removed to
the coanty of Northumberland in 1773, then
nearly all a wilderness. He took an early
and decided part in favor of his country in
the great struggle for liberty. His commis-
sion as a first Lieutenant in the Continental
army is dated in May, 1777; which 'rank he
held till Feb., 1781, when he accepted a Cap-
tain's commission from the State of Penn-
sylvania, who bed a short time previous re-
solved to raise and equip three companies of
Rangers for the defense of the Western fron-
tier, then much disturbed by the hostile In-
cursions of the savages. It was to the com-
mand of these companies that Capt. Boyd
was promoted. In June, 1781, while march-
ing his men across the Allegheny mountains,
he fell into an ambuscade of Indians near the
head waters of the Raystown branch of the
Juniata in Bedford county, and was made a
prisoner, with a nnmber of his soldiers, and
led a captive through the wilderness to Can-
ada. One of the Indian chiefs, who was in-
strumental in saving Capt Boyd's life, when
asked "Why he did not put his prisoner to
death ?" raised his eyes and pointing to the
heavens, said, "The Great Spirit protects
him." He was confined during his continu-
ance in Canada on an island in the St. Law-
rence, near Montreal. In the spring of 1782
an exchange of prisoners took place, und he
was returned to Philadelphia by water with
a number ot his fellow soldiers. He was en-
gaged in the battle of "White Plains,"
"Germantown," "Brandy wine" and "Stony



Point," and all engagements previous to
1781. He was one of the 50 who composed
the "Forlorn Hope," led by Anthony Wayne
at "Stony Point," who met within the fort.
He was at "West Point" and there saw the
unfortunate Andre executed.

He was one of the surviving officers of the
Revolution who enjoyed the provisions of the
act of Congress of May, 1828. He was a
member of the Supreme Executive Council
of Pennsylvania before the adoption of the
present Constitution, and an elector of Pres-
ident and Vice President in 1792, when he
had the honor of voting for Gen. Washing-
ton and John Adams. He was appointed by
Gen. Washington, without solicitation, an
Inspector of Internal Revenue for Pennsyl-
vania, after which he held the office of Reg-
ister and Recorder for Northumberland
county under Governor McKean. Captain
Boyd enjoyed in an eminent degree the
esteem and confidence of those of his fellow
citizens who had the pleasure of his acquaint-
ance, and few persons were more extensively
known in the part of the State where he re-
sided. Much more might be said in his
praise, but he is now above the praise of man.
After living to witness the prosperity of his
country, in tho defense of which he had ven-
tured his all, he has gone to reap his reward
in another and better world, where there are
joys for evermore, for those that love their
Redeemer and their God.

Captain Boyd, m. May 13, 1794, Rebecca
Bull, daughter of Col. John Bull, of the
Army of the Revolution. Their children
were:

i. Sarah-Haines, b. April 9, 1796; d.
1866 at Peoria, 111. ; m. Rev. William R.
Smith.

ii. Annie-Smith, b. Feb. 8, 1798; d. Nov.
24, 1801.

Hi. Mary-Philips, b. Nov. 24, 1799; d.
Dec. 7, 1801.

iv. Elizabeth Rittenhouse, b. Sept 20,
1801; d. at Alton, 111.; m. Sept 6, 1826,
Dr. Henry Kent Lathey.

v. John-Benjamin, b. Jan. 11, 1804; d.
nnm. at Northumberland; studied law, and
was admitted to the bar at Sunbury, but
never practiced.

m. WiUiam-Tliamas, b. Nov. 29, 1805;
m. Grace Slater, deceased.

vii. Marie-Josepha, b. Sept. 16, 1808; ro.
Nov. 28, 1832, Samuel Freeman Headley; is
living at Morristown, N. J.



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HECKEWBLOKR ON INDIAN NAMES.



III.



Q. Blackbird?
A. Tschochquallen.
Q. To eat?
A. Mizin.
Q. Silence?
A. Tschitquin.
Q. Gehela?

A. So ! Verily ! Yes ! Is it possible ?
Q. Bread?
A. Achpoan.
Q. Whiskey?
A. Whiskey.
Q. Ram ?

A. Lum — Wisachgan.
<*. Cider?
A. Sidel.
<i. Beer?
A. Beel.
Q. Wine?
A. Wine.

Q. An iron chain ?
A. Hoeqnoan.
Q. Brother ?
A. Nimat.
Q. Sister?
A. Chesimus.
Q. Father?

A. Noocb, my Father; Gooch, your
Father.

Q. Mother?

A. Gachwees.

Q. Wife?

A. Wikimat.

Q. Venison.

A. Acbtuchwiji Ojoos.

Q. Beef?

A. Wechshnmai Ojoos.

Q. Pork?

A. Kuschkuschiwi Ojoos.

Q. Plum?

A. Sipuacan— Sipuamentican.

Q. Grape ?

A. Wisachgamin.

Q. Strawberry ?

A. Uch dehihm.

Q. Potatee ?

A. Hoppenis.

Q. Tobacco ?

A. Kschaley.

Q. Apple?

A. Appelis.

<}. Peach ?

A. Pilkas.



Q. Is yonr name Pisele Tnlpe yet ?

A. My name with the Delawares is Pisele-
tnlpe, i. e. t the soft shelled Turtle.

Q. What is Ohio River ?

A. Unknown to me why so called.

Q. Allegenie?

A. From Tallegewi, the powerful Nation
which once inhabited that country, but was
extirpated.

Q. Monongahela ?

A. Michmenaungihille, the falling banks,

Q. Juniata ?

A. A Mingo Name.

Q. Muskingum ?

A. Elk Eve River— Elk River.

Q. Wabash?

A. White Water River.

Q. What is their Word for Great Spirit ?

A. Weelsit Mannitto, the good Spirit.
They say that the good Spirit can do them
no harm, nor will, that they need not dread
his vengeance, he being all in all good.

Q. Have the Indians a notion of an evil
Spirit, such as we call Devil ?

A. They have, and call him Machtnki —
they dread him, say that the bad Spirit can,
may and icill hurt them, if they do not try to
please him ; they therefore cause sacrifices to
be performed, etc

Q, What is their own name for the Na-
tion we call Delawares ?

A. Lenni Lennape, which is Original peo-
ple.

Q. Have the Indians any notion or tradi-
tion from which they Originally came, or do
they accidentally spring up out of the Earth
on which they live ?

A. They say that they came from a for-
eign conutry ; came into this from the set-
ting of the Sun. The Monseys say, that
they sprung out from the bottom of a Lake.

Q. Dietrich's Countersign ?

A. Dieterich says : That in Virginia there
is no difficulty in ascertaining Federalists
from Democrats. At the farm of a Feder-
alist you will see all blacks, no mulattoes.
At the farm of a Democrat all colours.

Q. Does the Indian live yet who believes
that this is the third time he came into ex-
istence ?

A. This Indian alluded to is dead, bnt
others retain the same notion.

Q. What tradition have you about the big
bone lick or the Mammoth bones, is there
any other than that related by Mr. Jefferson?

A. In several Licks in the Western conn-



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<ry, tusks of the Mammoth have been found,
farther discoveries lay over for future ex-
-ami nation.

Q. What was the Name of the place
where Philadelphia now stands ?

A. Que-que-na hu, the long pines. This
is the name of Philadelphia, from these
Pines. Pine street is named after them.

Q Have your Irdians any knowledge of
the different Sects oc White Christians ? If
they have, which do they esteem most, the
Fighting Christians or the meek and non-re-
sisting Moravians or Qnakers ?

A. The Indians are not nnacqnainted with
the vorious Sects of Christians among the
Whites tho' I do not presume to say that
they know all Sects. They, however, do
not trouble their Heads much about
their Christianity. A brave Man with them
is what they think worthy of their attention,
and such as give them the most presents.

Q." Do their Traditions mention any thing
of Onap, or William Penn, and do they con-
tinue to repose particular confidence in the
Quakers as their best and most disinterested
White Counselors and Friends ?

A. Until of late Years, their traditions of
Onas or William Penn were kept up, but as
those older Indians die away Bro. Onas dies
with them. The Revolutionary War drew
their attention from the peaceable Penn
government unto that of a Warlike one.
Much confidence was lost by this change
and tho* the Quakers continue to
influence their Minds with the same
Ideas, they are well aware that
they have quite a different People to
-deal with. They however, look upon the
Quakers as a good and better class of People
than the others, and are never Jealous of
them. Pennsylvania they still call Quake-
linink, from the Quakers having had the
•Government in their hands. Onas (the
word) signifieth in the Language of the
Six Nations, a Father. Micon or Migum is
the name in the Delaware, and proper Name
for William Penn.



NOTES AND QUERIES.



Historical, Biographical and Genealogical.



CCXV.



Clark.— William Clark d. in March
2813, leaving a wife Martha, and children:
i. Lave.



ii. [a dan.]

Hi. [a dan.]

iv. [a dau.]

v. Robert.

vi. James.

vii. John.

viii. WiUiam.

Thi* was probably the family of Hon.
William Clark, of Daupnin. Can any one
give us the names of the three daughters in
blank, and who they married.



. Campbell. — Margaret Campbell, widow,

of West Hammer, d. in December, 1813,
leaving her estate to the following children:

] i. Margaret [Margery.]

; ii. Jama; and to his daughter Margaret.

Hi. Jane; m David McCreight

I What connection had this family with the

I Derry and Donegal Campbells ?



HECHBWELOER ON INDIAN N4MBS.



IV.



Q. Have the Indians any celebrated
Heroes of Ancient times, who became famous
for killing or destroying destructive Ani-
mals, such as Hercules, etc., among the
Greeks ?

A. If the Indians have had any celebrated
Heroes of ancient times, their names must
hr.ve been lost to the present Generation. I
formerly heard them speak of such Men.
One of "their Heroes had killed the "Naked
Bear, " another the "big Snake," (a snake
who could draw a whole flock of Geese into
his mouth, etc). Tamenend's who now with
us is called Tammany. Note. From this
Name or Man the Tammany Society takes
its origin.

Q What notions do they entertain of
Heaven, or a future state of Happiness ?

A. Heaven is a fine place. Venison or
Deers and Bears plenty and very fat; plenty
of all kinds of Game and fruit; Huckelber-
ries large and sweet God pleased with all
about him.

Q. What of a future State of punish-
ment, or what we call Hell ?

A. Hell, or Machtandowinink, in HeU, or
with the Devil. All kind of Game exceed-
ing lean, can hardly live; land barren and
poor; Huckelberries small, hard and dry.
Many Indians that arrive at this place are
transformed into Horses and Dogs. On the
Horses the Devil rides about, and the Dega



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he takes along when he goes hunting, etc.

Q. Does the pernicious custom of drink-
ing ardent spirits to excess prevail yet, or is
it diminishing, if so, what caase do you as-
cribe it ?

A. Drunkenness is common nmong the
Dela wares; the Indians (Senecas) however,
at Cornplanter's Town, have broke thro' this
vice. The Del a wares love Liquor too much
and wiU have it Came. The Indians
living altogether on fresh Provisions and
vegitables, as Green Corn, Pumkins and
Squashes, Beans, etc, having little or no
Salt, their Stomachs become foul and long-
ing for something Sharp and bitter, they
therefore will most greedily eat sour and
bitter fruit, as Wild Grapes, Sour Plums,
etc , and even in the Spring, peal the Oak
Trees and lick or suck the Sap; they will
greedily eat Pepper and eat Salt, when they
get it, by spoonfuls at a time.

Q. Has he ever been at Geniseguchta or
Tunesapa, up the Allegheny River, Corn-
planter's Country ? if yes at what period ?

A. I never was at Cornplanter's Town,
and know not the names of those creeks ;
and if I did, could not know their Significa-
tion as their names must be in the Seneca
Language, which I do not understand.

Q. What distance is Zner Settlement from
the Ohio ? What distance from Pittsburgh
in a direct course as the road leads ?

A. About 60 miles in an East direction,
and about 100 miles, course East.

Q. Mashapi Creek?

A. Bird Creek.

Q. Neskopeek, near Berwick ?

A. Nesskchoppech, deep black Water.

Q. Wyoming?

A. M'chwewami, large grass flat

Q. Lekawani ?

A. Lechewachneek, River fork.

Q. Tankhanneck?

A. Smaller Stream.

On West Branch, Susquehannah.

Q. Loyal Sak ? [Loyal Sock.]

A. Lawi Saquick, middle stream or creek.

Q. Lacommon [Lycoming] ?

A. Leganiton, Sandy Creek.

Q. Tschingiclarause [ ] ?

A. Achtschingwe Clame, almost assunder,
it barely unites.

Q. Yellow Breeches Creek, opposite to
Harrisburg ?

A. Kalacbpatschis, returning.

Q. Queenmahon ?

A. Kuwen Mahoni, Pine Lick.



Q. Mahony ?

A. A Lick, which Deer frequent

Q. Sinmahon ?

A. Achsinni Mahoni, Stony Lick.

Q. Achwick Creek ?

A. Achweek, difficult Stream or Creek.

Q. Mcshillum?

A. Mashilameekhanne, Trout Creek.

Q. Sukkesini, in Jersey ?

A. Suskachsinnink, Iron Ore Creek or-
Stream.

Q. Quitopohilla ?

A. Kuwitpehellas, stream flows out of a
grove of Pine Trees.

Q. Sacnnna ?

A. Sancon Creek — a creek or River mouth <
or outlet

Q. Susquehannah ?

A. Is not the name the Indians call this
River by. They say ATChwewami Sipa, the
River of flats, (large clear grass flats). To
follow, therefore, the Indian name up, we
must say Wyoming River. I presume this -
River got its name either by a White Person
or White Persons hearing the Indians say
Siscirkanne or Achsnsquehanne, looking at
the River while risen and muddy, or by some
Creek or other emptying into Susquehannah,
which is naturally muddy. Be this as it is,
the word as taken hold of denotes a Muddy
Stream, and that the River alluded to is not

Note. Many Indian Words, or Names for -
places. Rivers and Creeks, are incorrectly
taken down from the mouth of the Indiana,
that it is hard to come at the right meaning
or And out the derivation of the Word.
Again, the difference of pronunciation be-
tween the English Languages, causes an-
other difficulty in tracing Words to their
original meaning. No language perhaps, is
so easy tracing up, in order to discover the
derivation of Words as the Delaware Lan-
guage; but in doing this I must take the
Word direct from the mouth of the Indian.
See tbe following examples :

Schiechpi, the name for Jersey, signi-
fleth flat Land bordering on the Sea and*
marshes.

ManahacJtfoncicnk, for New York, the
place where we were all intoxicated for the
first time.

Que-que-nakee, for Philadelphia, the place
of long Pines.

Poqusink, a place on W. branch of Susque-
hanna, harbour of Mice.

Mochuesink, a place on the Muskingum ;
harbour or place of Grub worms.



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Muskingum, properly Mositomkingumy^Xk
Eye River; because a herd of Elk stared at
the Hunter.

MonongaheUa, properly MicJimeiiaungihiUa,
signitieth high banks on a River continually
slipping or falling down, or tumbling banks.

Christian Spring, or the name of that
place NolemoUink, Silk Worm place, or the
place where large Worms make thread?.

Welagemikunky Nazareth; as the Rich
goal Land.

WiUng, Wheeling on Ohio, at the place
the head was stuck on a Pole.

Hackhacking, in Obio; place of Gourds.

Menachking, Pittsburgh ; at the fortification
or the fortified place.

Mahieani Sipu, now called North or Hud-
son River, is properly interpreted the Mo-
bigan River, or River belonging and inhab-
ited by Mohigan Indians.

It is a pity, that the Indian Names of
Rivers, place?, etc., have not been retained,
instead of adopting other names.

Jno. Heckewelder.



LANDMARKS OP PRESBYTERIAN
HISTORY.

Donegal Church.

The oldest Presbyterian church in Lancas-
ter county, Pa., is the one at Donegal
Spring. The congregation was organized in
1720, and in August, 1721, Andrew Gal-
braith, Esq., who owned the farm adjoining
Donegal Spring, made application to New
Castle Presbytery, for supplies for "Chicken's
Longus" (Chicquesalunga) which is known
in history as Donegal church. The town-
ship of that name having been organized in
1 722, the church took that cognomen.

Reverends Gillespie and Cross were sent
as supplies in 1721 ; and in 1723, Reverends
Hutchison and McGill. Mr. Hutchi-
son had been sent in 1722, but he
did not leave New Castle, for the reason
that he could not procure a guide. In 1725
Rev. Adam Boyd gave Donegal the one-sixth
of his time. In 1726 Rev. James Anderson
supplied the chuivh, and in August, 1727,
he was the first regularly installed pastor.

An examination of the list of taxables in
Conestoga for the years 1718, 1719, 1720
and 1721, and that of Donegal for 1722, it
will readily be seen that the first set-
tlement of Scotch-Irish Presbyterians,
within the limits of Lancaster county,
was along Chickies Creek, and in the vicinity
of Donegal Spring.



The Presbyterians did not com-
mence to settle in that section, which was
called Drumore when the county was organ-
ized in 1729, until several years. after the
settlement in Donegal, and hence the church
at Chestnnt Level could not have been the
oldest church in the county.

Pequea Church.

The seconl oldest Presbyterian settlement
in Lancaster county was along the head-
waters of Pequea Creek, in Salisbury town-
ship. The congregation was organized in
1722, and was supplied by New Castle Pres-
bytery. On October 13th, 1724, Rev. Adam
Boyd was the first ordained pastor. He
gave the congregation one-sixth of his time.
The congregation, and the present church
building, in point of time, rank the Chest-
nut Level congregation and church building.

W«t Octurmro Church.

This, commonly called Middle Octoraro
Church, now in Bart Township, was organ-
ized in 1726, and in October, 1727, the Rev.
Adam Boyd was ordained pastor, and he
gave the congregation one-sixth of his time.
This congregation also ante-dates Chestnut
Level.



Cheetuut Level Church.

In the years 1727, 1728, 1729 and 1730
the Scotch-Irish Presbyterians came in great
numbers to the fouth eastern section of what
is now "Little Brittaio ' and Drumore town-
ships, and the eastern part of Martick town-
ship. Some of them came from Notting-
ham, in Chester county, many more came
directly from the North of Ireland, to New
Castle, and from thence to the
section covered by these townships.
And for more than forty years after
these pioneer settlers came there, there was
not a single German settler in the first two
townships; and the first movement of these
early settlers took place about the year 1755
when many of them moved to North Caro-
lina, when a number of English Quakers
took their places, and some settlers from Ce-
cil county, Maryland. The Scotch-Irish
Presbyterians, however, maintained their
supremacy until after the Revolutionary war.

Old Donegal kept on planting set-
tlements in the South and West,
until they entirely disappeared from that
township. Not so, however, with those who
settled among the barren hills of Octoraro



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-and Conewingo. Many of their descendants
-continue to reside npon their ancestral do-
mains, and by their intelligence and perse-
veiance, have brought a comparative barren
land to the highest state of productiveness.

In 1728 or 1729, a congregation was or-
ganized in Drumore township, and in 1729
they built a Log Meeting House near the
run, at the old grave yard, several hundred
yards east from the present church at Chest-
nut Level, which was not built until
about the year 1760 (which is therefore" not
the oldest church building in the county).

In . : a il < lie v. John Thomp-
son was the first regularly ordained
pastor of Chestnut Level church. Af-
ter remaining there several years he went
to the Valley of Virginia. He was an Itin-
erant preacher, and did not remain in a single
charge for any length of time. His com-
pensation was very small ; and wherever he
went he seemed to be complaining about
something, and never satisfied.

In point of time, this church probably
ranked as number six, Derry and
Pax tang also leading it In point
of numbers, intelligence, and adherence
-to the principles upon which our gov-
ernment is founded, and thrir participation
in the Revolutionary struggle which gave
our ancestors their liberties, they ranked
equally with Donegal, Paxtang, Derry and
the churches of Cumberland Valley. The
Steeles, Ewings, Neals, Boyds, Scotts,
Whitesides, Porters, Russels, Ram-
sey 8, Morrisons, M&rshalls, Pax-
tons, Cunninghams, Caldwells, Cal-
lioons, Shannons, Carmichaels, Andrews,
Herds, Simpsons, Johnsons, Bighams,
Browns, Baldridges, and many others were



officers in the Revolutionary War. 8ome
were in the French and Indian wars. Some
had been in the Irish wars before they came
to America. Their descendants furnished
their full quota in the subsequent wars down
to the war of the Rebellion.

The Rev. James Latti established a class-
ical school at or near Chestnut Level in
1771. He was also the pastor of that
church. His school ranked with that of
Rev. Robert Smith, at Pequea church, and
Dr. Alison, at New London Cross Roads.
He had a large school, made up principally
from families in his congregation and the
congregation in Little Brittain. When the
news reached the school that the British
army were defeated at Concord by the pa-
triotic citizens of Massachusetts, many of the
scholars ran away from school and
enlisted in the army; and a
number became distinguished officers in the
Revolutionary War. Dr. Latta must have
been amazed at the rapid and unceremonious
depletion of his list of scholars. After the
war his school regained its prosperity, but
after his decease in 1800 it gradually went
down.

If I had the leisure I would gladly ex-
tend this notice of the churches men-
tioned, but 1 have only written this under
pressure to correct the statement referred to
in Notes and Queries. I have noticed that
this one and other correspondents who have
been writing for the New York newspapers
upon church history and other subjects, have
been stealing liberally from the late history
of Lancaster coanty, and wherever they
have undertaken to pad or interject some
matter of their own, they have blundered
fearfully. Samuel Evans.



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Vol. II. No. ,



NOTES and QUERIES.



HISTORICAL,
BIOGRAPHICALmGENEALOGICAL



EDITED BY



WILLIAM H.EGLE, M,D.,M.^



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NOTES and QUERIES

HISTORICAL,
BIOGRAPHICAL AND GENEALOGICAL.



Vol. II.



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Online LibraryFrance) Société asiatique (ParisNotes and queries: Chiefly relating to Interior Pennsylvania, Volume 2 → online text (page 41 of 81)