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The old Moravian graveyard, Lancaster,
is soon to be nam be red among the "things
of the past" negotiations being pending
for its sale to another denomination, upon
which to erect a new church edifice. Interred
in it are 840 bodies, dating from about 1748
op to about 1860, and if sold these bodies
will be dug up and re-interred elsewhere. With
this object in view, the old plan of this
"God's Acre" has been indexed. In looking
over the index I was struck l.y the number
of Shees who were interred there during the
latter half of the last century and beginning
of the present The plan showed eighteen
members of that family as being interred
there. I took down a list of their names
and carefully searched the register of the
Moravian church with good results, as ap-
pears further ou. Most writers state
that Colonel John Shee, of Revo-
lutionary fame, was a resident of
Lancaster, when the Third Pennsylvania
Battalion was mustered in in 1775 under his
command. About the same period Walter
Shee, of Philadelphia, merchant, owned
land on Orange street, and after his death
his widow, whose maiden name was Vernon,
subsequently married Robert Thompson, of
Lancaster, who was quite a prominent man
in civil affairs. As the family of Shees who
were interred in the Moravian graveyard may
have been connected with the family from
which sprung Col. John Shee, I forward the
data to Note* and Queries as a valuable
genealogical contribution. S. M. S.

Lancaster, June, 1889.

The Earliest Member. — Marcus Shee
died Jan. 5, 1787, aged 56 years; married;
born in Ireland in December, 1730."

Children ef Marcos ffhee and Anna Chris-
tine 8 lie©.

Susan Maria Shee, eldest daughter, born
December 16, 1753; died March 5, 1785.

Simon Jacob Shee, born February 13,
1756, at 3 P. M., died July 24, 1768. Killed
by a stroke of lightning.

Anna Magdalene Shee, born December 6,
1758, at 9 A. M. ; died Dec. 12, 1758.

John and Henry Shee (twins) ; born March
31, 1760, at 8 and 9 A. M. ; John died Au-
gust 12, 1760; Henry died Aug. 24, 1766.

Christine, Magdalena and Catharine (trip-
lets); born December 22, 1762. All of the
congregation was present at their baptism
and three different ministers officiated.

Christine and Margaret died Dec 29, 1762.
Catharine .

Marcus Shee (2nd); born Nov. 16, 1765;
married Jan. 26, 1789, Susanna Bieglcr,
widow, by whom he had issue 8 sons and 4
daughters. Died March 29, 1821, leaving
six sons and two daughters, and nine grand-
children surviving. Died of consumption.

Elizabeth Shee; bore April 10, 1769; died
May 20, 1769.

Children ef Marcos (2nd) and Autumn* Shee.

John Shee, born Oct 29, 1789, died Oct
23, 1794. This record sets forth as follows:
"Son of Marcus Shee, locksmith, and
Snsanna Beigler."

George Shee, born May 31, 1790 (not t
full term child), died June 1, 1790. One of
its sponsors at baptism was "its grandmother
Anna Christine Shee, born Krohn."

Adam Shee, born August 1, 1791, died
Augn8t 7, 1791.

Michael Shee, born July 27, 1792; died

Catharine Shee, born March 12, 1794;
died March 18, 1794.

Rebecca Shee, born Dec 27, 1795; died

Daniel Shee, born June 1, 1798; died Jane
6, 1798. One of his sponsors was ••Catha-
rine Sweizer, born Shee." This was prob-
ably the Catharine who was one of the
triplets born Dec, 22, 1762.

Sophia Shee, born May 21, 1799; died

Abraham Shee, born August 11, 1801;
died Aug. 16, 1801.

Jacob Shee, born October 20, 1 803 ; died
Dec 14, 1803.

Susanna Shee, born Dec 30, 1807; died

The old chart, or plot of the graveyard
shows that in 1802 a -Beatice (meaning still
born) child named Shee was interred. This
was presumably a child of Marcus and
Susanna Shee. No record, as it was not

Mark (Marcus) Shee owned considerable
property, and in 1779 was assessed at £4, 4s
tax for county use.

On June 25, 1777, Mark Shee subscribed
to the oath of allegiance to the colonies in
accordance with act of Assembly of June
13, 1777. (See Record Book M, page 510^
in Recorder's office, Lancaster.)

Another Mark Shee subscribed to the oath
on the same date; (Book M. page 547.)

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Historical and Genealogical.


Andrew 8hee subscribed on November 8,
1778; (Book M, page 524 )

Francis Sheeon November 2, 1778; (Book
M, page 523.)


Wbm It was HeU !■ the Year 1791.

The meeting of the late General Confer-
ence of the Chnrch of the United Brethren
in Christ, at York, Fa , calls to mind that
the origin of this denomination was in Lan-
caster county, this State, at the large
gathering at Isaac Long's, and the barn in
which the meeting was held is jet standing.
To the north, in Dan phi n county, was built
the second house of worship, now known
as Oberlin, bat formerly called Neidig's
meeting house. In Lebanon resided Rev.
Martin Kreider and Rev. Abraham Troxel.
The former, the oldest next to Boehm
and Otterbein, of the members in
the first annual conference, and the
latter of Annville, Pa., the new
seat of learning of this denomination, who
removed to Mount Pleasant, Westmoreland
county, and became the fonnder and pioneer
of the Church in Western Pennsylvania.
Here at Harrisbnrg (Uerr's fam) and across
the river at Worm ley sbnrg (Erb's) were held
sessions of the annual conferences and the
members of which were entertained by thv
Herrs and Erbs.

The first annual conference, which is now
known as the Pennsylvania conference, and
from which grew all the other conferences,
as well the General conference, was held
in Baltimore, Md. The second conference
was held In the year 1791, in Paradise
township, York county, Pa., at the house of
John Spangler. Through the enterprise of
D. W. Kreider (Crider), bookseller, of York,
Pa. t and the kindness of the U. B. publish-
ing honse at Dayton, Ohio, we present th«
readers of Notts and Queries a good view of
the building.

John Spangler was the grandfather of
Mrs. D. W. Kreider. Mr. Spangler, at
whose home this conference was held, was a
large land owner, and welcomed these
apostles of this reformation to his home.
The boose is about twenty-five by thirty-five
feet in size, and though humble in appear-
ance sheltered great hearts, and by its oc-
cupants ministered to the comfort of the
founders of the United Brethren Church a

hundred years ago. The house is probably
one hundred and fifty years old.

The following were the ministers present
at this conference:

William Otterbein; who died 1813 in

Martin Boehm; died in Lancaster county,
Pa,, and was the father of Rev. Henry
Boehm, the pioneer and centenarian preacher
of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Rev.
Boehm was born Nov. 30, 1725; m. 1753
Eve Steiner; d. Mar. 23, 1812.

George A. Guething (Geeting); he re-
sided and died, 1812, on the banks of the
Antietam in Maryland.

Christian Newcomer was born Jan.
21, 1749, in Lancaster conn ty, Pa. He was
in the true sense an itinerant preacher, pre-
siding elder and bishop, always on the go in
the work of the Master. He died at Hagers-
town, Md «

T *COB Pfrimmer, born in the year 1762
\a Alsace, in France; he settled in Eastern
Pennsylvania, then removed t*\ w««t* rn Penu-
ylvania, and finally to Harrison county.

John Neidig died in 1844 at Highspire,
Pa., where he is buried.

Adam Lehman.

Benedict Schwope.

The following ministers and members of
the conference were absent:

Henry Weidner.

Henry Baker.

Martin Kheider; born in 1740 in Lan-
caster county, died in 1826 and was buried
in "Kreider's Kirche Hoffenaber der Schnitz
kreek, " near Lebanon, Pa. There has de-
scended from him and by marriage into his
family rising of seveutv-five ministers, mostly
of them in the U. B. Church.

F. £ chaffer.

Christopher Grosii; died near New
Holland, Lancaster county, Pa.

Abraham Troxel; b. in 17 53, near Ann-
ville, Pa. ; died February, 1825, near Mt
Pleasant, Pa.

Christian Crum ; died west of the Ohio
• River.

G. Fortenbaugh.
D. Strickler.

J. Hershey.

Simon Here,

J. Hautz.

And thus while this ancient building is al-
lowed to stem the tide of time, those who
were members of the conference ninety years

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3t& Historical and QenealogtccU.











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Historical and Genealogical.


ago have been gathered to their father*: yet
others have been raised up to fill their places.
k. w. 8. p.




Oct 2. — The works were so far fi Dished in
the course of the preceding night that the men
worked in them this day with very little
danger, although the enemy kept up an
almost incessant fire from two pieces of artil •
lery. A drummer, rather too curious in his
observations, was this day killed with a con-
non ball.

Oct. 3. — Last night four men of our regi-
ment, detached with the first brigade, were
unfortunately killed (on covering party) by
one ball ; one of the men belonged to my
own company (Smith), a loss I shall ever
regret, as be was, without exception, one of
the finest men in the army. A militia man
this day, possessed of more bravery and pru-
dence, stood constantly on the parapet and

d d his soul if he would dodge for the

buggers. He had escaped longer than could
have been expected, and, growing foolhardy,
brandished his spade at every ball that was
fired, till, unfortunately, a ball came and
put an end to his capers. This evening our
brigade was ordered for an evening party,
and in the course of the night a deserter
went to the enemy, informiug them of our
situation, in consequence of which they di-
rected a few shot* our way, but did no harm

October 4. — This morning, on leaving
the ground, the enemy were complaisant
enough to favor us with a shot, but did no
execution. Fatigues were continued in the
works as usual, and suffered little or no
harm. This day's orders gives us an ac-
count of Tarleton's defeat on the Glouces-
ter side ou the 3d. He was attacked by
Duke De Lanzun's legion and the militia
grenadiers, commanded by Mercer. Tarle-
ton lost 50 men, killed and wounded, the
officer who commanded his infantry killed,
and himself badly wounded, with very little
loss on onr side.

October 5. — We had more firing from the
enemy last night than any night since the
commencement of the siege, but don't learn
that they did any other harm than delay the
operation of the works. This day the regi-
ment was employed in cutting and making
iassetofs, and a regiment from every brigade

in the army ordered out for some extra
fatigue duty this evening.

Oct. 6. — The parties did net go out, ard
nothing extraordinary happened this day.

Oct 7. — The regiments ordered for the
extra duty were last night employed in draw-
ing the line of circumvallation. This line
extends itself to the river on each side the
town, and at all places nearly equally dis-
tant and better than 200 yards in front of
the former works. The enemy discovered
us, althongh the night was pretty favorable,
but the chief of their fire was directed
against the French. They wore, ne doubt,
much astonished in the morning to find
themselves so completely hemmed in on all
side?, and trenches so deep that we could
sustain little or no harm from their fire.
The trenches were this day to be enlivened
with drums beating and colors flying, and
this honor was conferred on our division of
light infantry. And now I must confess,
although I was fond of the honor, I had
some fear, as I had no noticn of a covered
way, and more especially as I was posted in
the center with the colors. We, however,
did not lose a man in relieving, although .
the enemy fired much. The covered way was
of infinite service. Immediately upon our
arrival the colors were planted on the para-
pet with this motto: Manus Haec inimica
tyrannu. Our next maneuver was rather
extraordinary. We were ordered to mount
the bank, from the enemy, and there
by word of command go through all
the ceremouy of soldiery, ordering and
grounding our arms; and although the
enemy had been firing a little before, they
did not now give us a single shot. I sup-
pose their astonishment at our conduct must
have prevented them, for I can assign no
other reason. Col. Hamilton gave these
orders, and although I esteem him one of the
first officers in the American army, must beg
leave in this instance to think he wantonly
exposed the lives of his men. Our orders
were this bight that if the enemy made a
sortie and attempted to storm the trenches
we were to give them one fire from the
parapet, rush over the parapet and meet
them with the bayonet

Oct. 8. — Some time before daylight this
morning we were very much surprised at the
conduct of the picket that had been posted
some little distance in front of onr works.
They were fired upon by the enemy, never
. returned a single shot and retreated into onr


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Historical and Genealogical.

works in the utmost disorder. Captain
Weed, who commanded the picket, was again
ordered oat, bat the enemy had retired.
How he will be answerable for his conduct
time will discover, as I dare say he will soon
be obliged to give an account One man of
oar picket was killed, though some think it
was by oar men, as there bad been other
partie* ordered oat

The fire of the enemy was this dar chiefly
directed against the parties employed in
erecting hatteries. We were relieved about
12 o'clock and sustained no harm daring oar
toar excepting two men badly woonded ; bnt
we had scarcely left the trenches when a
man working on the parapet had his arm
shot off. As soon as we arrived in camp we
changed oor ground further to the right
Nothing extraordinary happened the remain-
der of the day.

Oct 9.— Last night the troops in the
trenches, as well as great part of this da} ,
were busily employed in finishing the bat-
teries, and about 4 o'clock this afternoon an
American battery was opened, consisting of
three 24 pounders, three 12's and four 10-
inch in or tars. The enemy's fire was chiefly
directed against this battery, and the others
that were nearly finished.

Oct. 10. — Last night the men were busily
employed in finishing the batteries, and early
this morning four more were opened against
the enemy, viz: One American battery on
oar left consisting of four 18-pounders; the
grand French battery, consisting of 11 24-
pounUers, two 13 inch mortars, two howitz-
ers, and six 10-inch mortare; and another
French battery of four 18-ponnders and two
howitzers. The fourth is on the left of the
French, but am not able as yet to ascertain
the number of guns. About 12 o'clock this
day our division relieved the trenches, and
from that time the enemy fired bnt very
little until evening. This afternoon our
American bomb battery was opened of four
10 pound mortars. A flag came out with Sec-
retary Nelson. He informs us our Are did
great execution last night; that we had
killed 11 or 12 of their officers, that his black
servant was killed by his bedside, and tha*,
the first gun fired killed two commissaries as
they were sitting at their wine.

Oct 11. — Last night commenced a very
heavy cannonade, and the enemy returned the
Are with no less spirit Being apprehensive
of a storm, they often fired in every direction.
The largest of the enemy's vessels was set on

fire by the bursting of a shell or a red hot
ball from some of our batteries, and commu-
nicated it to another, both of which were
burnt down. They must have lost a consid-
erable quantity of powder in the last, as
there was an explosion which made a heavy
report The whole night was nothing but
| one continual roar of cannon, mixed with
j the bursting of shells and rotobliog of houses
torn to pieces. As soon as the day ap-
proached the enemy withdrew their pieces
from their embrasures and retired under
cover of their works, and now commenced a
still more dreadful cannonade from all oar
batteries without scarcely any intermission
for the whole day. We were relieved about
noo.i this day, and went home very much

Oct 23.— Last night we began the second
parallel and extended it better than half
round the enemy. This parallel is better
than three hundred yards in front of the
other, and close upon the enemy's right
works. No sooner had the morning made
its appearance and the enemy discovered
our very near approach, than they com-
menced a very heavy fire from the batteries
and in the course of the day no little
surprised us by opening five royals, as
we were in hopes tbey had no shells, by
their not giving them on the first parallel.

Oct 13. — Last night we were employed in
strengthening the line, and began a French
battery and a redoubt We lost several men
this night, as the enemy, by practice, were
enabled to throw their shells with great cer-
tainty. About noon this day our division re-
lieved the trenches, and ubout 2 o'clock ad-
vanced to the second parallel. Capt White
and on* private of Col. Wee's [?J regiment
were this day killed by a horizontal shelL The
militia suffered much this afternoon.

Oct 14.— The enemy last night kept np a
continual blaze from several pieces of cannon
of nine royals and some howit '.ers. Early
in the night the fire was chiefly directed
against the French, who were just on our
left, but about 10 o'clock our people [began]
to erect a battery. They soon discovered us,
and changed the direction of their fire. It
happened to be our lot to lie in the trenches
just in the rear of the battery exposed to all
their fire; and now were I to recount all the
narrow escapes I made that night it would
almost be incredible. I cannot, however,
but take notice of a remarkable and miracu-
lous one indeed. About midnight the sentry

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Historical and Genealogical.


•called "A shell !" I jumped np immedi-
ately to watch the direction, bat had no
suspicion of its coming so near until it fell
in the center of onr trench, within less than
two feet of me. I immediately flung myself
on the banqnes among some arms, and, al-
though the explosion was very sudden and
the trench as full of men as it could possi-
bly contain, yet not a single man was killed
and only two of my own company slightly
wounded. I should not forget here that
Capt Hughes and Dr. Anderson, two in-
timate friends and very worthy officers, were
sitting close by me at this time. We all
counted it a most miraculous escape. Fatigue
parties were still continued at work in the
open face of day at the battery, although
they suffered much.

Ten men of Col. Barber's regimeot were
killed and wounded in a very few minutes,
five of whom belonged to Capt. Pry's camp.
One division was relieved about 12 o'clock,
and on our march home two of our men were
wounded by the bursting of a shell. About
5 o'clock this day we were again ordered for
the trenches.

Oct. 15. — I have just said we were ordered
yesterday to the trenches. The French
grenadiers were ordered out the same time
aod all for the purpose of storming two re-
doubts on the enemy's left Our division ar-
rived at the deposits of the [manuscript il-
ligible.] a little before dark where every man
wns ordered to disencumber himself of his
pack. The evening was pretty dark and
favored the attack. The column advanced,
Colonel Guinot's regiment in front
and ours in the rear. We had not got far
before we were discovered and now the
enemy opened a fire of cannon, grape shot,
shell and musketry upon us, but all to no
effect The column moved on undisturbed
and took the redoubt by the bayonet without
firing a single gnu. The enemy made an
obstinate defense (but what cannot brave
men do when determined?) We had 7 men
killed and 30 wounded. Among the latter
were Col. Guinot, Maj. Barber and Capt
Oney. Fifteen men of the enemy were
killed and wounded in the work, 20 were
taken prisoners besides Maj. Campbell, who
commanded, a captain and one ensign. The
chief of the garrison made their escape
during the storm by a covered way.

[Here the diary ends rather abruptly.]


Historical, Biographical and Genealogical.

The Moravian Graveyard at Lan-
caster has not yet been sold, and it is
doubted if it will be, as there is much oppo-
sition to it The references in our columns
to the "pending negotiations for its trans-
fer" have aroused some of our readers in
different parts of the country, who say
"there should be some means to prevent
such desecrations." We are of the opinion
that our laws make it a felony to disturb
the ashes of the dead — but money-grabbers
consider this merely sentiment and hence
without any show of reverential feeling in
their souls, (hey find some way to overcome
decency and law. As the land in question
was given by the Hamiltons for burial pur-
poses, this may put a stop to further pro-
ceedings at the present


[Having recently examined the scarce
volumes of the "Philadelphia Medical and
Physical Journal," edited by Benjamin
Smith Barton, M. D., of the University of
Pennsylvania, about 1804-8, and noticing in
several scientific articles contained therein
the name by which the dog, elk, etc., was
known among the Indian tribes of that day,
I have compiled a list of the same for Notes
and Queries, The names appear to me to
be worthy of preservation in a collected list
such as can be preserved in Notes and Queries.

Lancaster, 1889. S. M. s.

The Indian or Wolf-dog was called by the
following name among the different tribes
of Indians in this country during the latter
part of the last century :

The Delawares — Lenchum, cr Lenni-chum,
meaning "the original beast"

The Nanticokea — Ihuwallum.

The Mohicaos— Annun-neen-Dee-a-oo,
or "the original dog," to distinguish him
from the common dog, which they called
Dee-a-oo or De-a-oo.

The Tuscaroras— Cheeth and Cheetbt

The Wunanmeeh — Allum, Ailoom, Mo-e-
kan-neh and Me-kau-ne.

The Moonsees— Al-lum.

The Chippewas — A-lim, Anumosch*

The Messisaugers — An-ne-moosh.

The Ottawas— An-ne-moo-kau-che.

Digitized by



Historical and Genealogical.

The Penobscot and St John Indians— Al-

The Nantics — Annm.

The Narragansetts — Alnm.

The Miami a — Anl-la-mo.

The Wiahtahnah— Lemah?

The Pottawatameh — Au-ne-moosh.

The Shawanese — Wissi, Wee-geh.

The Kaskaskias — Remoah.

The Mohawks— Abgarijoo, Er-har.

The Oneidas— Alehaul, Ale-hall.

The Caunewagoes— Er-hur.

The Onondagos — Tschierha.

The Cavngas — So wans.

The Senecas — Chee-aah, che-eh.

The Wyandots — Nee-a-nooh.

The Sioux— Shnn-gan, chonga, shnn-

The Osages — Shoug-eh.

The Cberokees — Keera, Keethlah, Keeth-

The Creeks— Ee-fa, E-fah, Ef-fa.

The Chicasaws — 0-*phe, Oo-phe.

The Choktahs— O-phe.

The Katah be— Taunt-see, Taunsee, Tase.

The Woccons — Tauh-he.

The Natchez— Worse.

The native Mexicans — Chichi.

The Poconchi— TrL

The Chilese— Tewa.

The Delawares also called the dog — Me-
kanne — "the barking beast."

The Indian name of the Elk, or Cervus
Major American as, or Stag of North
America, compiled from the same source:

The Shawanese — Wapite.

The Wnnanmeeh — Linnimuss, Moose or

The Monsees — Ach-tnch.

TLe Mohicans— Mooth.

The Chippewas — Mi-cbe-wey.

The Messisaugers— Moos.

The Ottawas — Me-scbe-we.

The Miamis — Mon-so-a.

The Nanticokes — Moos.

The Mohawks— Soo-noo-oo-wah-ne.

The Oneidas — Cho-wauk-lo-wau-na.

The Tuscaroras — Cho-wanh-ro-wauh.

The Onondagoes — Tschuckarogok.

The Cuayngas — Skan-hets-ho-wan.

The Wyandots— Tsun-dar-ren-tah.

One of the towns of the Delawares men-
tioned by early writers was called Ching-
leclamoose, or "Little Elk's Eyes."

The red fox was called by the Caughnewa-

goes, a branch of the Mohawks, cheets-hoo.

Fire was called by the Delaware — Tint ley.

Heckewelder says in same journal that the
Indians spoke of a large and ferocious ani-
mal called "Jagisho, or Naked beast/ 'which
the Mohegans claimed the honor of having
extinguished or * * wiped out'* of existence.

The Manqui Indians called a species of
sheep— The Taye.

The magpie was called by the Hudson's
Bay Indians— One-ta-kee-aske, or Heart-

The cornns Florida, or dog-wood tree, was
called by the Lenni-Lennape — Mon-ha-can-
ni-min-schi. The Delawares, Hat-ta-wa-no

Online LibraryFrance) Société asiatique (ParisNotes and queries: Chiefly relating to Interior Pennsylvania, Volume 2 → online text (page 44 of 81)