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Notes and queries: Chiefly relating to Interior Pennsylvania, Volume 2 online

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destroyed, but the savages were not able by
strategem or superior numbers, to capture
this one, which stood for many years and
was the scene of bloody encounters with the

^Indians. In 1756, Captain Patterson was
under the command of Major James Burd.
He assisted in the erection and was in com-

. mand of Pomfret Castle in 1756. The fol-
lowing is a copy of an original letter written*
to Major Burd :

Port PorttfreU Ca$Oe, Feb. 5, 1756.

Excuse my not sending a guard, according
to Yonr Request. I have to-morrow mora**
ing a detachment of 24 men to Carlisle in
order to Eschort Provisions from thence to
my Fort I have sent you the Patren of two -
match coats. I have Purchast two Beeves,,
one of which I pend you. As for the milch
cow, you wrote for, I cannot purchase with-
out cash. The nails and axes 1 have sent by
the men. The Rest of the tools I have I
cannot spare. Your*, Ac.,


In the summer of 1756, Col. John Arm-
strong destroyed Kittannlng. The French
threatened to retaliate upon the settlers, and'
large bodies of Indians moved upon the West
Branch of the Snsquehanna river to be
within striking distance of the English set-
tlements. The Governor took immediate
measures to build a fort at Shamokin, now
8unbnry, which was called Fort Augusta.
Capt Patterson and his company, nnder di-
rection of Major Burd, marched to Shaito-
kin and commenced its construction. In the
spring of 1757, Capt. Patterson was de-
tailed and placed in command of Fori
Hunter, five miles above Harris* Ferry.
In the tail of 1757 he was constantly send-
ing out ranging parties along the base of the
mountains, towards Robinson's Fort, and up
various creeks and across to the Juniata.
Lieut. Allen was the only officer he had at the
fort, and he was often compelled to range
with a squad of men twenty- five and thirty
miles away from the fort They frequently
met small bodies of Indians, who skulked,
or were driven away. His company became
greatly diminished on account of sickness,
and he commenced in January to recruit and
fill up his company. A roll of this company
is given in Pennsylvania Archives (N. &>
vol. II, p. 54*

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Historical and Genealogical.



Hfcstarleal, Blajpranlileal ami Genealacleal.


A MaBRiAGB Register.— In this num-
ber we conclude the register of Rev. Mr.
Van Hoff, and in order to do this have given
more than ordinary space. We have re-
ceived two or three letters in regard to this
register, and we are glad to know that its
publication has been appreciated*




April 7. John Thomas and Margaret
Blessing, of Londonderry township, Dauphin

April 19. William Selzer, son of John
Selzer, of Jonestown, and Rebecca Kar-
mine, of Millerstown, Lebanon county.

May 28. John Mayer and Margaret Fritz-

May 28. Jacob Boebm and Barbara Stan-
fer, of Londonderry, Lebanon county.

June 4. Christian Bender and Jane Black,
of Derry township, Dauphin county.

June 7. Henry Miller and Christina Hants,
Londonderry township, Lebanon county.

Sept 17. Joseph Ellinger and Elisabeth
Knns, of Londonderry, Dauphin county.

Sept. 20. Joseph Haak and Mary Dasher,
of Londonderry, Dauphin oonnty. Witness:
Sally Fnchs.

March 9. Michael Mayer and Sarah Fnchs,
both of Londonderry township, Lebanon

July 11. Thomas Smith and Nancy Hierg,
of Londonderry, Lebanon county.

Sept 23. Markus Martin and Elisabeth
Beil, Londonderry, Dauphin county.

Ang. 29. John Maulfer and Elisabeth
Seltser, of Hanover township, Dauphin

Oct 10. Daniel Greenewald and Elisabeth
Richard, of Londonderry township, Lebanon

Oct 28. Christian Wieland and Rebecca
Blessly, both of Londonderry township,
Dauphin county.

March 31. Frederick Zimmerman and

Sarah Kremer, of Annville township, Leba-
non county.

April 24. Nicholas Riegel and Elisabeth
Schuy, of Hanover township, Danpbin

Christian Eshenower and Magdalena Ebres-
man, of Swatara township, Dauphin county.

May 31 John Eyman and Mary Brown,
of Derry township, Daaphin county.

July 6. David Will an*4 Catharine Fight,
of Annville township, Lebanon county.

Jnly 21. John Kratzer aod Sally Fnchs,
of Londonderry, Lebanon county.

Oct. 6. David Seltrer, of Dauphin, and

Catharine Backenstoh, of Lebmon county.

* Nov. 22. Jacob Blank aod Susanna Ferns-

ler, of Annville township, Tiebanoo county.

Wallace, of Middle town, and


January 12. Felix Boeshar and Rebecca*
Rupp, of Londonderry township, Lebanon

Feb. 16. Isaac Lauch and Mary Bettcher,
of Lebanon county.

March 9. Daniel Miller and Mary Been*
told, both of Derry township, Dauphin*

May 22. Thomas Dunham anu Sophia-
Remly, of Middletown, Dauphin county.

Ang. 7. Barnhard Guesher and Christiana
Walter, both of West H mover, Dauphin

Aug. 26. Michael Kil linger and Catharine
Lehman, both of Dauphin county.

Sept 20. John Blanch and Sarah Mueller,
of Londonderry township, Lebanon oonnty,

Jacob Esheoour and Catharins Bishop, of
Swatara, Dauphin county.

ljjov. 11. Samuel Fi>ber and Mary Cope,
Londonderry, Dauphin county.

Nov. 29. M'chael Blessing and Mary
Hoon, of Susquehanna township, Dauphin,

Jan. 8. George Hoon and Rosanna P..
Tebitts, both of Susquehanna township,
Dauphin county. Witness, Geo. Zyder.

March 1. George Moyerand Leah Stouffer,
of Derry, Dauphin county.

April 2. John Early and Magdalen
Suavely, both of Londonderry, Lebanon-

John Ramley and M. McClure, of Mid-
dletown, Danphin eounty.

Aug. 4 Henry Miller and Rebecca Me*
Kissick, of Lebanon eonnty.

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Historical and Genealogical.


Feb. 23. Jacob Zeider and Mary Cremer,
of Hanover, Daaphin county.

Jan. 29 Jacob Ney and Sarah Clark, both
of Annville township, Lebanon connty.

March 4. Isaac Miller and Catharine Kill-
way, of Londonderry township, Lebanon

. Jooe 23. Daniel Reefer and Catharine
Miller, boih of Londonderry township, Leb-
anon connty.

December 24. William Rnokel and Sarah
Zimmerman, both of Lebanon connty.

John Kelley and Miss Herbert, both of
Londonderry township, Lebanon connty.

Aug. 25. Wra. Burgest and Elizabeth
Miller, both of Annville, Lebanon county.

Oct. 17. George Houser aud Elizabeth
Grnndon, Middletown, Pa.

Sept 13. Gaorne McCauley and Mollie
Blessing, Londonderry township, Dauphin

Henry Long and Lydia Segner, both of
Londonderry township, Dauphin connty.

Nov 22 Win. Aston and Kebecca K lever,
of Annville, Pa.

Nov. 25. Joseph Haines and Catharine
Smith, both of West Hanover, Dauphin

John Stuels and Catherine Capp, both of
Londonderry township, Lebanon county.

June 17. Michael Scbererand Mary Long,
of Londonderry, Lehhnon coonty.

Aug. 5. Levy Killinger and Elizabeth
Kratzer, Londondeny township, Lebanon

Aug. 17. Henry W. Ort and Mary Stine,
of Londonderry township, Lebanon county.

Out. 17. John Faehrlin^ and Mary Eifer,
of West Hanover, Dauphin county.

June 26. Thomas Finny and Catharine
Dellman, both of Derry township, Dauphin

Oct. 2. Abraham Shellhammer and Sarah
Fitting, both ol Hanover, Dauphin county.

Nov. 20. Henry Rann, of Derry, Dauphin
county, and Elizabeth Elliott,of Annville, Pa.

Feb. 25. Wm. Smith and Mary Schock.
Witness: Jacob Forney.

Apr. 13. Simon Hinkle and Mary Ann

Blair, of Silver Spring township, Cumber-
land connty. Witness: Lesetie Alleman.

Apr. 27. Daniel Woolwer, of Mycrstown,
Lebanon county, an J Louisa Fetyer, of Me-
chanicsburg, Cumberland county.

May 11. William Mell, of Frank ford, and
Mary Freilich. ol Mechanicsbnrg. Witness:
A. H. Van Hoff.

The PATTBB80N8 —Squire Evans' ar-
ticles on the pioneers of the Patterson fam-
ily we conclude in this number of NoU$ and
Queries. It will be seen how this family is
connected with the Harris family, and this
fact, apart from the account of Captain
William Patterson's military service in the
early times, will make the* sketch given to-
day ot more than usual interest


Pfoaeer Life •■

the HufBehaBflt aa4


Capt Patterson continued in command at
Fort Hunter, and bis company furnished
ranging parties and guards lor the bat tea ux
fleu under the command of Daniel Lowrey,
brother of James, who transported supplies
from Harris* Ferry to Fort Augusta. On
February 16, 1758, Col. James Burd, accom-
panied by Capr. Ham bright, of his regiment,
set out from Lancaster to inspect the forts
from the Susquehanna to the Delaware river.
On the same evening they arrived at the
Black Bear tavern, owned and kept by Bar-
nabas Hughes, an Indian trader, at Eliza-
bethtown, the farm being now owned by
Henry Wade. When here Capt. Ham bright
took suddenly ill, and an express was sent to
Lancaster for Dr. Thompson. Mr. Hughes
was the commissary for Fort Hunter and
Fort Swatara, now Lebanon. It was be who
laid out Elisabethtown and named it after
bis wife Elizabeth.

In the beginning of July 1758, Capt
Patterson and about three-fourths of the
command at Fort Augusta were ordered to
march to Raystown (Fort Bedford), and
join Brig. Gen. Forbes' army in their march
to Fort DuQuesne. Their line of march was
probably via Fort Patterson and Tuscarora
Valley, orjthroo^b Buff aloe Valley, to Stand-
ing Stone ( Huntingdon. ) The following is
a plan of the formation of the troops in
their line of March:

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Historical and Genealogical.





Vf~*SL+# ,



According to this plan, there were on the
inarch two hundred and seventy -five privates.

In the latter part of July, 1758, Major
George Armstrong took one tmndred pioneers
and started from Ray 8 town to hew a road
through the forests and over the mountains
to DuQnesne. He was clo lely followed by
Major Grant, who commanded the High-
landers, and Col. Lewis of Virginia, who
had command of the Provincial troops,
among which were a number of Pennsyl-
vanians. They were followed by Col.
Bouquet, who was in command of other
troops as well as those under Grant and
Lewis. Although these troops were seen
daily by the Indians in their march
from the time they left Raystowo, Grant
and Lewis, who exceeded their orders, were
successful in eluding their vigilance, until
within a day or two's march of the Ohio,
and actually arrived in front of the fort
without being discovered by the French.
The fortification was too formidable-looking
to warrant an attack, and Major Grant and

Col. Lewis concluded that they would cause
the drums to beat, which they hoped would
bring the French and Indians to the outside
of the fort It had the desired effect, for
they swarmed out, many of them not takiog
time to dress themselves. Many of them
ran up the Allegheny river, and got in the
rear of Grant and Lewis, while others at-
tacked them on all sides, when a most terrific
battle ensued. Grant and Lewis were de-
feated and terribly cut up, loosing nearly
three hundred killed and wounded and taken
prisoners. One of the captains in charge of
the baggage two miles in the rear, and in
command of some of the Highlanders, as
soon as he beard the firing, secured the bag-
gage and marched forward. His troops
never wavered when they met the routed
forces, but attacked the Indians repeatedly,
who had them surrounded. His troops re-
versed arms, and going forward as if to sur-
render, the Indians rushed at them, when
they poured a deadly volley after volley into
their ranks, and forced them to retreat This
battle was fought on September 14th.

General Forbes and Colonel Bouquet were
very much chagrined when they heard of
Grant's disobedience of orders, and their de-
feat Colonel Bouquet left Raystown on
October 3 J, aud hastened forward to Fort
Ligonier, and when he arrived there pushed
on his troops nine miles further west, and
selected a camping ground at Loyal Hannon,
Colon* 1 Burd having command of the Second
Battalion of the Pennsylvania regiment
Colonel Joseph Sbippen and Colonel Floyd
probably commanded the Augusta regiment.
The following is a copy of the plan of Loyal
Hannon camp. Colonel Washington had
harge of the Virginia troops.

The French and Indians arrived at and
made an attack upon this camp on the 14th
day of October, but were repulsed upon every
side, and driven out of the timber. Their
loss was supposed to be between two and
three hundred, while the entire loss of the
Provincial troops was bnt sixty-seven, of
whom twelve were killed. Col. Burd ac-
quitted himself with great gallantry, as did
Captains At lee, Sbippen, Patterson and
Ludwig Stone and other Lancaster county

The defeat of Grant and Lewis did not
check the onward march of the army.
Colonel Bouquet, a few days after the
battle of Loyal Hannon, made a
rapid advance towards Fort DuQnesne.

Digitized by



Historical and Genealogical.

When but a few miles away the French
blew np the fort and retreated partly
down the Ohio, and partly np the Allegheny
river. The fort was rebuilt and named after
the great statesman, Pitt, nnder whose man-
agement the British arms triumphed every-

In 1759, Col. Burd erected Fort Burd
(Redstone) and conveyed supplies from Fort
Cumberland and Iiaystown to Fort Pitt.
Cspt. Atlee and several other Lancaster
county officers were in this command. Their
plan of march is very much like the one al-
ready given, with the addition that
the wagoos and cattle are piaeed be-
tween sections of the column. It is true,
Braddock adopted the same plan, and was
thns formed when the head of his colum n
struck the Indians, when he attempted to
form in line of battle on the front company,
which he did not succeed in doing, the In-
dians being on front and flanks, threw the
troops into disorder. •

Captain Patterson returned to his own

Fort after the Indians were whipped into sub-
jection, and Le tnrned his attention again to-
the cultivation of his much neglected land.
He did not, however, omit the taking pre-
cautionary measures to keep his fort in good
repair, and provide it with the material for
defense. The Indians remained quiet on til
Pontiac's war broke out in 1 763, when the sav-
age barbarites were fearful Capt. Patterson
and his son, Lieutenant William Patterson,
were again on guard. They followed them
to their places of concealment, and gave
them many hard blows. When we come to
write of Captain William Patterson, we will
give a sketch of bis movements. Captain
James Patterson died at bis fort and is
buried in the grave yard on the present prop-
erty of Jerome W. Thompson. His wife*
Mary, died at Middletown, probably when
on a visit to her son, who married Colonel-
Burd's daughter, and is buried there. They
left the following issue:

i. Captain William.

it. Mary.

Hi. Elizabeth.

iv. Susan.

v. James.

ti. Qeorge.

Mary Patterson married, first, Thomas-
Chambers, who was killed by the Indians on
"Big Island, " on the West Branch. They
had issue ore son and one daughter. The
son was in the army, and the daughter ran
off with an officer of the army, at Fort

Mrs. Chambers married the second time
Gen'l James Potter, of Revolutionary
memory and had the following children:

i. Oen'lJame$; who married Miss Brown,
daughter of Judge Brown, of "Brown 'a

ii. Martha; m. Andrew Gregg, of Pena's
Valley, ancestor of Gov. Curtin.

Hi. Mary; m. first, Mr. Riddle, in 1783;
she no. second time George McClellan, of

Another daughter m. Capt James Poe^and
another m. Capt Crouch.

Elizabeth Patterson m. Robert Campbell,
of Tuscarora Valley. He was killed by the
Indians and left no issue.

8nsan m. Mr. Moore, of Cumberland
county. Some of her descendants live near
Carlisle and Paper town.

James m. Jane Harris, of Mifflin, and nan*

1. William, m. to Mary Ann Riddle,

Digitized by


Historical and Genealogical.


2. John, in. first Ellen Moore, secondly,
Mary Kenny.

3. Thomas.

4. Jane, died without isaue.

George Patterson m. Jane Bard, daugh-
ter of CoL James Burl, ot Finian, and had
issue :

1. Sarah, b. Not. 18, 1784.

2. Mary, b. July 6, 1786.

3. James Burd, b. July 8, 178a

4. Edward, b. Feb. 21. 1790.

5. Joseph 8hippen, b. July 10, 1791.

6. William-Augustus, b. Nov. 1, 1792.

7. Cliarlotte Chambers, b. March 9, 1794;
d. at Marietta, Pa., March 20, 1863,

8. Elisabeth, b. Dec. 6, 1795.

9. George, b. Sept 5, 1797.

10. Gatbraith, d. in infancy.

James Burd Patterson m. Matilda Dowee
and had, James, who no. Matilda Hnbley,
Mary, and Joseph who m. Miss Weaver.

William Augustus Patterson m. Elisabeth
Peale, who had Sophanisba who m. George
Herkeseimer, and Charles.

Charloette Chambers Patterson m. Wil-
liam Thompson, June 14, 1816, who had:

1* Edward P., who m. Matilda Snyder.

2. William 8., m. Isabella H. Marr.

3. Maria.

4. George.

5. LueianM., m. Kate U. Yuntman.

6. Mary.

7. TheophUus; m. Mary E. Harrington.

8. Theodore S. t m. Annie E. Cassel), of
Marietta, Pa.

9. Robert

10. Josephine; m. Thomas Zell, of Bead-
ing, Pa.

Elisabeth Patterson m. Rubens Peale and
had seven children.

George Patterson m. first Maria Shindle
and had six children; m. secondly Lydia
Adams, and had nine children.

There are some descendants of Capt.
James Patterson in Juniata Valley, who re-
tain his name.

Samuel Etans.


A Characteristic Letter of Cal Joba Aros*

[We are indebted to John Armstrong Her-
man, Esq., of the Dauphin county bar, for a
copy of the following letter written by CoL
John Armstrong to his son James. There

are some interesting statements concerning
the action of the Provincial Convention of
January, 1775, the hesitancy of John Dick-
inson, and the traitorous conduct of Joseph
Galloway, which, at some future occasion*
we will take the liberty of commenting
thereon, j

Carlisle, 16th Feb 'y, 1775.
Dear Jamey:

Together with this you will receive a letter
from Dr. Rush, which I have open'd and
read ; also the King's speech to the new Par-
liament. I expect to see the Doctor soon,
heiug about to go to Philad'a, which I can-
not avoid, however much the season and
roads are against me. Your brother is mu;br
better, only that the gravel complaints re-
main but operate with less pain than before.
Perhaps Col'l Stephens can tell you of the
effects of the Frederick Springs where the
Gravel has not been of long continuance.
There is an elderly GeDt. 'n of the name of
Chovet has set np lectures in Philad'a; he-
is said to he the first Anatomist on the Con-
tinent by far, and performs speculative won-
ders on the bodies of Dead Children or grown-
persons by injection. I don't know what
conn try man he is, but expect to be intro-
duced to his acquaintance when in Town.

Our Delegates are sometime return'd from
the Provincial Committee. We greatly fear
nohappy Divisions in this Province, there are-
three different and large bodies of people,
the greatest part of whom 'tis fear'd will
desert the common cause Galloway throws
all the cold, or rather scalding water in his
power, beside sundry other spnrious scrib-
blers, & Rivington's of New York's Paper is
a standing or perpetual channel of opposi-
tion, infamy & lyes. Our committee coul'd
not carry a rr solve for Military Exercise-
in this Provi ice and found it inexpedient
even to mention it,* yet the meeting has
tended to strengthen the bands of the
Philad'a Committee, & we hope may do-
some good. The seal even of Mr. Dicken-
son is greatly abated through the unwearied
efforts of the old leading Quakers who have-
practiced on the fears of Mr Dickenson, Ac.,
bnt of this we chnse to say but little. The
bent'ns sentiments are at bottom still said
to be the same as formerly. He attended
the Committee, but spoke little. Under
Galloway's influence, no man from Bucks
County appear 'd.

His Majesty '8 speech is very unfavourable
to the Colonies, and every jot is echo'd back.

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Historical and Genealogical.

to the throne with the approbation of both
Houses of Parliam't, I mean a great Ma-
jority of them, bat yon will observe the
Parliament sat at the begin 'g of DecembV
and the resolutions of the Continental Con-
gress arriv'd at London only on the 14th of
that month.

Can't you get a letter sent from Shep-
herd's Town to Shippensbnrg ? the relations
of Mrs. Morrow who has a cancer in her
breast will doubtless be travelling that road,
they have lately sent a message to John
Kearsley who is no* abroad otherwise he
won'd no donbt have gone to see her. I
fcope Coll Washington & Family are well,
to whome please to present my respectful
I am dear Jamey Affectionately Tours,
John Armstrong.

James Armstrong,

At Coll. Washington's,

Berkley County.
Favour'd by Mr.
David Holmes.


Historical, Biographical aad Ueaealogleal.



A Hero of the French aad Indian War.

Captain William Patterson (James,
James) was born in Donegal township, Lan-
caster county, in the year 1737, and went
with his father, Captain James Patterson,
to the Juniata Valley in 1749 or 1750. The
first act of the old pioneer was to erect a
block -bouse, to protect his family from sad-
den attacks by the Indians. To clear the
land and till the soil, and make it capable of
producing grain and vegetables, required a
great deal of time and labor, before the
settlers were wholly able to make it self-sup-
porting ; and hence we And there hardy pio-
neers depending very much upon their rifles
for the means of procuring subsidence.
William Patterson, from the time he came
to the Valley, to the period of old age was
the most expert marksman along the frontier.
His father, who was an Indian Trader and
4ept store an the crossing of the Juniata, in

the direct line of travel between the south-
ern and northern Indians, often had large
numbers of savages about his store, and he
knew from experience that nothing wonld
elicit the a J miration or wholesome dread of
the white man's power so mnch as being an
expert marksman, and he was certainly ex-
cusable for erecting a target sixty odd yards
from the door of his dwelling. Whenever
the Indians made their appearance old Capt.
James Patterson or his son William leia-
nrely took down their rifle from its
r* sting place, and stepping to the
doorway, fired at the target, which
they invariably hit in the center, or very
close to it. The Indians would collect around
and examine the target, and in their lingo
express their astonishment and admiration
of the skill of Captain Patterson or his son.
By resorting to a trick of this kind, they
were able to play upon the fears of the In-
dians for soveral years, and to the period of
Braddock's defeat, when the Indians com-
menced a general slaughter of the frontier
settlers. It is probable that William was
with his father, who commanded a company
of Rangers under Major James Bord, who
had charge of the pioneers when making a
road over the mountains for Braddock's

When his father raised a company and was
regularly mustered into the iiiilitary service
under Major afterwards Col. James Burd,
William was appointed ensign, an officer on
equal footing to that of second lieutenant,
and marched with his father to Shamokio,
where the troops commenced the erection of
Fort Augusta (now ttunbury) in 1756. For
meritorious services, William Patterson was
promoted to a lieutenant December 12, 1757.
He was still a minor (as was also Lt. Samuel
Atlee). For many months he and his father
with details of privates, ranged the moun-
tains and streams in search of Indians. They
resorted very often to the methods adopted
by the Indians to protect themselves, or cir-
cumvent the cunning of the satages.

William Patterson not only displayed
great capacity as a partisan soldier, bnt was
equally conspicuous in civil life. He marched
with the advance of General Forbes' Army
to Fort Du Quesne in 1758 and participated
in the battle of Layal Hannon in October,
1758. He also served under CoL Bord, in
conveying live slock and subsistence from
Fort Cumberland to fort Burd (Brownsville)
and Fort Pitt in 1759.

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