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Notes and queries: Chiefly relating to Interior Pennsylvania, Volume 2 online

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401



After his return from the army, Captain
Patterson seems to have devoted his time to
land surveying, and the strengthening of his
block house on the opposite side of the river
to that of his father's* where he located sev-
eral hundred aeres of land. His fine pres-
ence and dashing eharacter won the admira-
tion and esteem of the pioneer settlers, es-
pecially the young men, who followed the
•chase and provided game for the large and
growing settlements in Tuscarora Valley and
around Patterson's Fort

.Forbes' campaign was followed by a few
years only of peace with the In-
dians. Pontiac's war came noon the
settlers in 1763. Suddenly, and without
any previous warning, fort after fort and
many private block houses were taken
and destroyed, and their feeble garrisons
put to the hatchet or stake. The dan-
ger of annihilation of the entire settlements
west of the Cumberland Valley was immi-
nent, and there was a tremendous rush of
men, women and children to Lancaster and
York counties to escape the fury of the sav-
ages.

Captain William Patterson called his
young hunters around him and bid defiance
4o the Indian?. Pontiac had boasted that
no wooden fort or stockade could escape de-
struction if he desired to destroy them.
When they could not induce a garrison by
•conning and lying to surrender, they would
load a wagon with straw or hay and set it
•on fire, and back it against the timbers and
let the demon fire do the work. Although
Patterson's Fort was surrounded by savages
•repeatedly, they were driven away or kept
at a distauce by the expert riflemen under
the command of Captain Patterson.

In December, 1767, Frederick Stump (who
-was born in Heidelberg township, then in
Lancaster now Berks county) and his hired
man named Ironcutter, brutally murdered
ten Indians, composed of men, women and
•children, when they were asleep, near
Gabriel's, on the west side of the Susque-
hanna, and only a few miles from Fort
Augusta. As soon as Cspt. William Patter-
son heard of this affair, he collected nineteen
of his yonng riflemen, and mounting
horses, rode rapidly to the scene of the
murder. They found Stump and Ironcutter
■at Gabriel '8 surrounded by their friends, who
were also armed, some of whom were noted
Indian fighters, and were determined to re-
sist arrest. It was but a short time before



he captured and tied them upon horses, and
hastened with the prisoners to Carlisle
jail. He had no warrant for their arrest,
nor did he wait to see the Governor's procla-
mation offering a reward for their arrest
When he arrived at Carlisle the sheriff had
just received Governor Penn's proclamation,
and ha J collected a posse when Captain Pat-
terson arrived wfch his prisoners. The fol-
lowing is his own account of the arrest He
also- sent a message in writing to the Indians
living along the Nocth and West Branches
of the river, wherein he assured them that
Stump would be punished, &c. After he de-
livered the prisoners to the sheriff he started
to Philadelphia, to give the Governor and
Council a full report of the affair. Ou the
following day a large nnoiber of the border
settlers effected an entrance into the jail
and rescued Stump and Ironcutter and car-
ried them off in triumph. Neither of them
were ever re -arrested.

"Carlisle, 23d January, 1768.
"Dear Sir :

••The 21st instant I marched a Party of
nineteen men to George Gabriel's House at
Penn's creek mouth, and made prisoners of
Frederick Stump and John Ironcutter, who
were suspected to have mordered Ten of our
Friend Indians near Fort Augusta, and 1
have this day delivered them to Mr. Holmes
at Carlisle Gaol

•• Yesterday I sent a person to the Great
Island, that understands the Indian Lan-
guage, with a Talk, a copy of which is en-
closed. Myself and Party were exposed to
great danger by the desperate Resistance
made by Stump, and his Friends who sided
with him. The steps I have taken, I flatter
myself, will not be disapproved of by the
Gentlemen in Government my sole view
being directed to the Service of the Frontiers
before I heard his Honour the Governor's
Orders. The message I have sent to the
Indians I hope will not be deemed assuming
any authority of my own, as you are very
sensible I am no stringer to the Indians and
their customs.

'•I am with Respect

your most obedient
humble servant
••William Patterson.

••To Joseph Shippen, Esq."

Joseph Shippe, jr., was the Provincial
Secretary and a fellow officer at Fort Au-
gusta, and in the campaigns against the
French and Indians.



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The Governor was so highly pleased with
the prompt action of Capt. Patteson, that
he gave him a special commission as Justice
of the Peace, and judge of the Common
Pleas Court of Cumberland county. It is
probable that Capt. Patterson went with
Col. Burd to Wyoming Valley in 1769, who
was appointed a commissioner to ascertain
the Hxtent of the Conecticut settlement,
and the designs of the settlers. He was ap-
pointed one of the Commissioners to lay out
Northumberland county in 1772.

William Patterson marri«a Mary Gal-
braith, a descendant of the Galbraiths who
settled in Donegal, Lancaster county, some
of whom moved to Cumberland county, and
afterwnrds became conspicuous in the mili-
tary and civil history of the State and Na-
tion.

Capt. William Patterson had but one
child by his first wife, Mary Galbraitb,
namely, Galbraith Patterson, who was born
at Patterson's Fort in the year 1767. He
went to Lancaster and was admitted to the
Bar there 1 789. He moved to Harrisburg
in the year 1790, and from thence to Ly-
coming county, where he died February 26,
1801, leaving a widow, Catharine, who af-
terwards married James Or bison, of Cham-
bersburg, where she died February 24. 1811.
8he had a daughter, Isabella, hy Mr. Patter-
son, who married first time, David Maclay,
secondly, Hon. Alex L. Hayes, who for
forty years was judge of the circuit court and
of the common pleas court in Lancaster.

Capt William Patterson's second wife
was Esther Findley, a granddaughter of old
John Harris, who settled in Pax tang and es-
tablished a ferry wnere Harrisburg now Is.
They had issue:

i. Isabella, married Mr. Hunter, of M White
Deer Valley."

it. WiUiam, who resided in White Deer
Valley, where he died in 1856.

Hi. John.

iv. James, who settled in Warren county,
Ohio.

Samuel Evans.
» ■»

NOTBA AND QUERIES.



Iltotarleal, Biographical and Geaaalafleal.



CCLV1L



In the Cumberland Valley.— In the
course of a few weeks we propose to con-



tinue our researches hi to the early worthies of
the Cumberland Valley, preparatory to the
completion of a work we have on hand re-
lating to the Scotch-Irish settlers in that-
charming region.

» ♦
TUB PRBSBVTBR1AN CHOIR.



A Reoriatoeeaoe •! "Old" Harris* arc .



Whenever 1 indulge in a reminiscence of
the old Harrisburg, for publication, I cannot
avoid reflecting how comparatively few
among my readers are those having any idea
who the writer Is.

The present generation knows less of me
than it does of Melchizedek; and it is a very
unusual circumstance that my ancestral
names— Ayrus and Bucheb— once so con-
spicuous at the Bar and on the Bench of
Dauphin county, iudefatigable in council and
in church, foremost in public improvement
and faithful in private trust — names known
and read of all men in their day — have be*
come extinct, and are only a memory in their
native place.

I am, however, incited to review a matter
of the past by the perusal of Mr. Alexander
Sloan's very interesting address, in which be
gave an account, of his connection with the
song-service of the Presbyterian cbnrch in
Harrisburg.

I well remember Mr. Sloan's appeal ance
as he lifted up his voice among the Bassos of
that ancient and honorable choir, in the
gallery of the grandfather church, located at
Cherry alley and Second street Of the
others in that choir, I recaU but Mr. and
Mrs. John A. Weir (the leader), Mr. and Mrs.
Jnel Hinckley, Mrs. George Whttehill, an*
possibly Dr. Wm. Gray don.

Referring to the introduction of certain
musical instruments into the choir v our ven-
erable friend said, 'These were used until we
purchased the cabinet organ now in oar
lecture room. This organ was saved at the
time of the burning of the church in March*
1858."

Just here Mr. Sloan makes a historical,
omission which I desire to supply, and add
something more concerning the choir itself
— "all of which I saw, and part of which I
was."

A young man of nineteen, I joined the-
choir formally iu 184*. At this time the
leader — the term * 'conductor" was as yet
unborn there — was Mr. Robert J. Fleming.
Dr. James Fleming bad led the Treble with



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his Fl ate, but requested me to take his place,
as he desired to play the 'Cello. Col. John
Roberts— dear old gentleman, whose musical
love always kept him young — brought in his
Violin to lead the Alto, and Edmund Per-
kins, teacher at Partridge's Military Insti-
tute, often reinforced the Tenors with the
Flute.

This grand combination of twoFlntes, Vio-
lin and 'Cello, constituted the instrumental
accompaniment of the Presbyterian choir for
some time— a fact which our good Brother
Sloan doubtless forgot— and was the connect-
ing link between the older instruments which
he mentions and the advent of the Melodeon,
But who shall describe what a "big thing" it
was in those days- this * 'orchestra" — and
what a help it was to the choir. The
'•Thomas Orchestra" was yet unborn, but
the Presbyterians, of Harrisburg, could not
have been better pleased than with their own!

At a subsequent time, when our Bass
needed addition, I relinquished the Treble
Flute to Lucius V. Parsons. The 'Cello
was also frequently played by H. Murray
Graydon.

The introduction of a Melodeon, however,
forced oar instrumental quartet to retreat,
when Mr. Silas Ward came to Harrisburg
(about 1850) aad was chosen leader of the
choir. This Melodeon was a small instru-
ment, the private property of Mr. Ward,
who at first played it himself in conducting;
but Miss Isabella Todd (I think it was), then
the beat pianist in town, "got the hang of
the machine" and generally relieved Mr.
Ward of the playing.

At this time the only pipe organs in town
were in the Episcopalian, Roman Catholic
and German churches; the Lutherans had
one, but it was burned in the fire of October
21, 1838. The "cabinet organ" referred
to by Mr. Sloan, was the second reed
instrument used by the Presbyterians. It
seems to be wonderfully "long-winded,"
like some traditional sermons, and must have
been endowed with geouine Presbyterian
grit, that it is still available "for the service
of song in the house of the Lord" after a
whole generation! Among its competent
players I recall Miss Todd, Miss Sybil Fahne-
stock and Dr. Thos. D. Simonton, now of
St Paul

My readers cf to-day should be reminded
that the grandfather church, dedicated Feb.
1% 1809, was torn down in 1841, and re-
placed with a handsome edifice on the same



spot (Second street and Cherry alley), and
dedicated Feb. 13, 1842. This church,
burned in 1858, was the finest in Central
Pennsylvania Designed by Hoxie, ot Phil-
adelphia, its architecture was chiefly Grecian,
and there was about it a purity and dignity
in most healthful contrast wiih some of the
grotesque structures of to day, scarcely dis-
tinguishable as churches at all. More than
that, the pnlpit ministrations of the sainted
Dr. DeWitt and his beloved associate and
successor, Dr. Robinson, "adorned the doc-
trine" which it proclaimed — rival ling its own
marble purty.

In this building, and prior to the time when
I sat "up stairs," younger voices were grad-
ually filling np the vacant places, and among
these I recall Mioses Nancy and Elizabeth
Shank, Ellen Graydoo, Elizabeth Hickok,
Josephine" Whitehill, Miss Street, Lucia
Simmons, Harriet Henry, Eliza Roberts,
Sarah Carson, Isabella Todd, Susan B.
Ayres.

Then, about the era of our "orchestra,"
and especially under Mr. Ward's conduct-
ing, the membership — but ever changing, as
is natural witn volunteer chorus-choirs — in*
eluded the names of Misses
Susan Mowry, Eliza J. Ayres,

Eliza Jacobs, Mary Nevin,

Catharine Emerson, Elizabeth Simonton,
Elizabeth Hoyd, Glorvina Elder,

Annie Simonton, Mary Jackson,

Jane Lamb, Sarah Kn.urson, *

Margaret Carson, Mis* Frazer,
Ellen Roberts, Esther Doll,

Margaret Emerson, Mary J. Partch.
Louisa Carson,

The gentlemen included (without reference
to date) Messrs.

R. J. Fleming, H. Murray Graydon,

Charles N. Hickok, David Fleming,"
Alex. Roberts, Thomas D. Simonton,

John W. Simonton, Peter K. Boyd,
Sam. H. Brooks, David Lamb,

A. Green Simonton, S. P. Jobnaoo,
A. J. Johnson, w. M. McClure,

Silas Rutherford, James Simonton,
James Fleming, George B. Ayres.

Of course, I do not pretend, af tar a lapse
of over forty years, to be able to make the
roll correct or complete. There are doubt-
less other names yet to be added — bnt I can-
not recollect them.

The Presbyterians had the best choir in
town, as a whole, and it reached its zenith
under Mr. Ward, who was the first con



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doctor of respectable ability that Harris-
burg knew. We bad no pheDominal voice
like George F. Wiestling's (basso prof undo),
of the German Reformed church; bat we
had the bent soprano in Miss Sarah Carson,
the best alto in Miss Mo wry, and beyond
question the best tenor in Mr. Ward, whose
voice was then fresh and beantif uL

Id fact, Mr. W. was the first resident
singer Harrisbnrg had, to give Oratorio solo;
when he snog "Now vanish, Ac.," from the
Creation.

It was at this zenith date that Rev. Dr.
Charles Wadsworth, theo the most popular
minister and orator in Philadelphia, preached
for os one Sunday, lie was so delighted
with the freshness and beauty of our singing
that he expressed the wish to have $uch a
choir in his own church ! We were also
honored by commendation from the well-re*
membered "Hutchinson Family,'* who came
op into the choir and sung with us —daring
one of their visits to Harrisbnrg, where they
had many personal friends among the old-
time Abolitionists. Then at close of ser-
fice they entranced us with "Tell me, ye
winged winds," without accompaniment, as
only they could sing it

At the period of which I write, the best
and most popular book of church music was
the Oarmina Sacra, by Lowell Mason (first
issued in 1831), which contained not only
his inimitable compositions, but many others
in their original harmony which some mod-
ern tin ken have sought in vain to improve.
Among its jewel songs we all remember
Boylston, Federal Street, Hebron, Balermo,
Avon, Oowus, Paik Street, Geneva, Rock-
ingham, and the funeral hymn (ML Vernon),
"Sister, thou wa.it mild aod lovely."

Later came Bradbury's MendeUeohn Ocl*
lection, which embraced among its good
things the beautiful quartet "Come uato
me," and "Oast thy burden on the Lord;"
and then 'The ftalmodtit" Beside these
we had in use manuscript books, into which
were transcribe! — at the expense of consid-
erable time and labor — any new tune not to
be had in print, or that some member of the
choir, hearing it elsewhere, would obtain a
copy for us.

Now be it remembered, these times long
ante-dated the introduction of mueic books
into the pews; dependence for the tune in
singing was wholly upon the chair. Nor had
any one yet dreamed of the deluge of etuffif
which, in after years, has audaciously im-



posed itself upon the Church, in the wake
ot the cherished melodies of Bliss and
Sankey— crowding out much that was better,
and that had become, from time-honored use
and blessed association, truly eaered music

Leaving to some other pen younger than
mine, a continuation of this choir history,
as it transpired after the removal to the new
church, at Market square, I close.

8weet is the recollection of those choir-
days; the bright and peaceful associations
linked with them are many. 8nnday then
was a. Sabbath; the holy day was not a mere
holiday in the old borough. The sound of
the church-going bell brought forth an
orderly procession of whole families. Street
lounging and indecorous • conversation Were
infrequent, and no business of any kind was
prosecuted on God's day with tacit exemp-
tion from the law. Ridicule as we may the
"old-fogy" past, and eulogize as we do the
"progressive" present, those simpler habits
and conditions of the auld-lang-syne pro-
duced grand and godly men and virtuous and
noble women — superceded, but nave they
been surpassed ?

"Fond memory brings the light
Oi other days around me."

Gborgb a Ayrbs.



8TBWARTA OV DONEGAL.

George Stewart, the ancestor of the
family of that name, first settled in "West
Conestoga township," then Chester county*
along the bank of the Susquehanna river in
1717. This township was afterwards known
as Donegal in 1722. The land he occupied
embraced several hundred acres, and laid
between Robert and William Wilkins' tract,
which the latter sold in 1727 to the Rev.
James Anderson, and now owned by the
heirs of Col. James Duffey -and the Gard-
ner tract, at the mouth of Chickiescteek, which
was purchased in 1737 by Thomas Ewing,
the father of General James Ewing, of Rev-
olutionary meirory, who was the second hus-
band of James Patterson's [the Indian
Trader] widow.

The Stewart tract extended along the river
two hundred and twenty-nine perches, and
along Rev. James Anderson's land three
hundred and thirty-six perches. In common
with other settlers in Donegal, Mr. Stewart
did not take out a patent for his land at the
time he located. His son John afterwards
took out one for three hundred and seventy-
five acres, Mr, Stewart's dwelling was



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406



probably near the bank of the Meeting
House ran, where he coald easily procure an
abundance of fresh water at alf seasons of
the year. He must hare been well
advanced in life when he settled
there, for several of his children
were grown up, and at the time of his de-
cease in January, 1773, were married and
had children. He was a person well edu-
cated, of sterling integrity, and great influ-
ence among bis Scotch-Irish Presbyterian
^neighbors. When "West Conestoga town-
ship" was erected in 1718, he was appointed
a Justice of the Peace for Chester county,
and was in commission up to the time of his
death. When the county of Lancaster was
organized in 1729, he was chosen one of the
County Commissioners. In October, 1730,
he was elected to the General Assembly, and
in October, 1732, he was again returned.
Up to this year, the Quakers
were quite willing to concede one
member of Assembly to rep-
resent the Scotch-Irish element in Done-
gal. The latter were not willing, how-
ever, to tamely acquiesce in any arrangement
of this kind, and entered the canvass with a
determination to elect two members. At
this time, and for many years thereafter,
there was but one election poll in the county,
and that was at the town of Lancaster. The
Quakers and I heir German allies when they
arrived at the poll at the election referred to,
-were astonished to find Mrs. Galbraith, the
wife of Andrew Galbraith, Esq , who resided
near Donegal church, where the Rev. Nissley
•now lives, mounted on a favorite mare,
harangueing the voters, and utging them to
vote for her husband. At that time
the settlement in Donegal was growing rap-
idly, and Galbraith's friends turned out to a
'man, and as none but free- holders were
allowed to vote they could very * ell go to
the \ oils mounted on their own horses.
John Wright, Esq., the most prominent
'Quaker in the county, was unexpectedly de-
feated by Mr. Galbraith by two or three
-votes only. In December, 1732, when the
Assembly was in session in Philadelphia,
Mr. Stewart took sick, and died in Januarv,
1733. Mr. Wright was elected to fill the
vacancy caused by his death, and was re-
-elected, as was also Mr. Galbraith for many
successive terms without opposition.

George Stewart left surviving him his
-wife, Jean, and the following issue:

John Stbwabt, who married Ann, the



youngest daughter of the Rev. James An-
derson, the minister of old Donegal church.
He took out, in 1738, a patent for the land
taken np by his father. He seems to have
devoted his attention entirely to farming
pursuits. In November, 1748, he sold one
hundred and fifty acres from the eastern end
of his farm to David Cook, who gave the
same to his son James, who sold it on May
1, 1786, to Jacob Neff, of Hempfield town-
ship, for eighteen hundred pounds. Catha-
rine, youngest daughter of Mr. Neff, after
the letter's death, got this farm as her share
of his estate. She married Henry Cassel,
who purchased the farm and received a title
from Mr. Neff's executors. After being
out of the possession of the Cassel
family for many years, it is now
owned by A. N. Cassel, Esq., son of Henry.
John Stewart died in October, 1 749, leaving
his wife, Ann, surviving him, and the fol-
lowing issue:

Qtorge, who inherited the remaining por-
tion of his father's land, amounting to two
hundred and twenty acres, which he also sold
to David Cook, when he attained his major-
ity, about the year 1760. Upon this land
David, son of the above David Cook, laid
out the lower half of the town of Marietta.
George Stewart married Margaret Harris,
daughter of Thomas Harris and his
wife, Mary, the old Indian Trader,
who had an Indian Trading Post
at Bear Tavern in 1736. In 1750 he
moved to Conewago creek, where the Eliza*
bethtown and Hummelstown road crosses,
where he erected a grist and saw mill. In
the year 1 746 he took out a patent for sev-
eral hundred acres of land from the Penns
. along Conoy creek, and the old Paxtang and
Conestoga road, where he settled in ] 734,
upon which he erected the "Black Bear
Tavern" in 1736, *hich he sold in 1751 to
Lazarus Lowrey, who sold the same in 1753
to Col. Barnabas Hughes, another promi-
nent Indian Trader, who laid out Elizabeth-
town, and whose son Samuel sold to Capt
Alexander Boggs two hundred and thirty
acres in 1 790. It is now or was lately owned
in part by Henry Wade, Esq. This tavern
was erected seven years before Capt. George
Redsecker built the "Black Horse
Tavern." After Mr. Hughes' death,
about the year 1765, this tavern
was rented to Mr. Holmes, who frequently
advertised, offering a reward, for the arrest
of runaway redemptioners. He probably



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purchased them off vessels when they ar-
rived in Philadelphia.

8ome years prior to the Revolution,
Thomas Harris removed to Deer Creek, in
Harford county, Md. Seyeral of his sons
became eminent physicians during the Rev-
olution. One settled in Philadelphia, an-
other in New Brunswick and another in Bal-
timore.

George Stewart (No. 2) moved to Tusca-
rora Valley, in the neighborhood of his ancle,
Capt. James Patterson. At the commence-
ment of the Revolutionary war he was ap-
pointed one of the snb- Lieutenants for Cum-
berland connty, and was also one of the Jus-
tice* of the conrt of Common Pleas. He
was a very active officer dnring the Revolu-
tion, and seemed to have entire charge of
that end of that extended connty. It was
his dnty to collect snpplies for the militia,
and send the different classes into the field
when called upon to perform a tour of dnty.
He died in 1787, leaving a son John, who
married Ann Harris (probably a relative) by
whom he had a daughter Ann, who married
Dr. Kelley, of Tuscarora Valley, a son
John and daughter Mary, who went to re
side with their aunt, Mrs. McNair, who lived
in Allegheny city. Hannah married 8amuel
Mathers and removed to the West Thomas
married Miss Campbell, of Alexandria, Pa.,
a daughter of whom married William Kins-
loe, a member of an old and very prominent
family, who settled in Juniata Valley.

John Stewart (George, John, George)
died in 1805. The He v. Robert Stewart, a
Presbyterian minister, who was principal of
the Theological Seminary at New burg, N.
Y. f a missionary in India, and bis brother,
John Stewart, who resides in Pittsburgh,
are grandchildren of this last John.

George Stewart (George, John,) had issue:

1. Thomas.

2. John.



Online LibraryFrance) Société asiatique (ParisNotes and queries: Chiefly relating to Interior Pennsylvania, Volume 2 → online text (page 57 of 81)