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Notes and queries: Chiefly relating to Interior Pennsylvania, Volume 2 online

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the next month, acted favorably, and
erected the Synod of Baltimore, com-
posed of the Presbyteries of Baltimore,
Carlisle, Eastern Shore, Bid., and Win-
chester, Va. In this Synodical connec-
tion the Presbytery of Carlisle continued
till the time of the re union of the As-
semblies. Our relations with the breth-
ren of the other Presbyteries composing
the Synod were exceedingly cordial and
pleasant, especially during the first six
years. But the harmony of these rela-
tions was interrupted by occurrences
which proved to be of deepest import
to the nation as well as the Church.

The "John Brown Raid" and the
burning of Harper's Ferry took place
just a few days before the meeting of
Synod at Alexandria, Va., October 18th,
1859. The whole region round about
was in a ferment of excitement. The
entire country was startled The Gov-
ernment was aroused. Troops were
hurrying towards Harper's Perry. Tiavel
in parts of Virginia was interrupted and
some members had difficulty in reaching
Synod. It is not to be wondered at that
the members of Synod from Winchester
Presbytery were deeply stirred and
wrought upon . Those who were at that
meeting will not soon forget some of the
exciting scenes that occurred, lo the
neat of awakened feeling not a few of
the Virginia members uttered words far
from complimentary to the North, whilst
abounding in laudation of their own
State. Amongst them, however, was
one who, with unclouded judgment and



unruffled temper, remained cool and self-
possessed. It was the venerable T.
Boomer Balch, D. D , the oldest mem*
ber of Winchester Presbytery. Growing
impatient he finally rose, exclaiming:
"I'm tired hearing about Virginia. Irs
Virginia ! Virginia ! Old Virginia 1 as if
there were no other place under God's
heavens but Old Virginia."

The wedge of division here found its
entrance. At the meeting of Syooi, at
Georgetown, D. C, one year later, there
were but few members present from Win-
chester Presbytery. They expressed a
desire to be transferred to the Synod of
Virginia. In this, Synod did not concur;
but adopted the following resolutions,
viz: "That the Synod have heard with
regret the expressed desire of the Free*
bytery of Winchester to change their
Synodical relation; and while they de-
precate the attitude of opposition to
what that Presbytery consider their duty
in the case, they do, in all kindness and
Christian love, resolve, under the cir-
cumstances, not to accede to their request
for the present, and ask the Presby-
tery to reconsider their decision in the
case."

This, however, was the last time
they met with us. Already the
air was full of ominous mat*
terings. Soon after, the war of the re-
bellion was upon us; and Winchester
Presbytery went out from the Synod of
Baltimore as its State went out from the
Union. We regretted it; for they were
brethren whom we esteemed and loved.
Some of the brethren and churches of
other Presbyteries, whose sympathies
were with the South, also withdrew.
With those who remained our relations
were most pleasant; for they were loyal
alike to the Government and the General
Assembly.

During the dark days of the rebellion
the churches of the Presbytery were
made to suffer no little. Much of our
territory lay along the border and was
subject to raids and incursions by the
enemy. In this territory were fully one-
half the churches of the Presbytery.
Many of their edifices were occupied in
turn by friend and foe for hospitals, for
barracks, and in one instance by the
enemy's cavalry for stable. By the burn-



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tag of Chambersburg in one of the raids,
a large portion of Falling Spring congre-
gation was rendered homeless, and in
many instances almost penniless. Many
of the noblest and best of the sons of the
churches were in the field. Five of onr
ministers became chaplains in the army —
W. 0. Ferriday, One Hundred and
Twenty- first regiment, Pennsylvania
Volunteers; John Jay Pomeroy, Third
Pennsylvania Reserves, 1869-1864, and
One Hundred and Ninety-eighth Penn-
sylvania Volunteers, 1864 to close of
war; John G. Wilhelm, Forty fifth regi-
ment United States colored troops; S. J.
Niccolls, One Hundred and Twenty**
sixth Pennsylvania Volunteers, and Geo.
W. Ohalfant, Eighty-fourth Pennsylvania
Volunteers.

For weeks six counties of our Presby-
tery — Frederick and Washington, Mary-
land, and Franklin, Cumberland, Adams
and York, Pa. — were occupied by Gen.
Lee and his veteran army; and on our
territory occurred, July 1-8, 1868, the
pivotal battle of the rebellion.

As we look back to the exciting and
distracting influences of those years, we
are led to wonder that more of harm did
not come to the cause and Church of
Christ. This must be attributed to the
general loyalty of the people, and, above
all, to the watchful care of Him who is
"Head over all things to the Church."

While alienation and estrangement
and separation were taking place among
brethren of the North and South, the
great Head of the Church was moving
the hearts of the brethren of the divided
Presbyterian family in the North and
preparing the way for those, who, for
well nigh a third of a century, had been
apart, once more to come together.
There was a general movement of the
Old and New School bodies in this direc-
tion which was hailed with gladness by
the Presbytery of Carlisle. But even
before this was inaugurated, the two
Presbyteries now composing it had taken
steps looking to a closer, and, if possible
organic union. But of this and the his*
tory of the re-united Presbytery, we
shall speak more particular^ after briefly
tracing the history of the rresbytery of
Harrisburg.



NOTES AMI> QUERIE8.
Historical, Biographical and Genealogical.



OLIIL



Gen. William Thompson —From an
obituary notice, published at the time, of
Mrs. Catharine Thompson, who died at
Chambersburg, March 24, 1808, we have
this information of her distinguished hus-
band : "He had been a captain in the
Provincial service during the Indian war.
At the commencement of the Revolution
he was appointed a colonel in the army
that marched to Boston, and after ad'
vanced to brigadier general. At the bat-
tle of the Three Kivera he was taken
prisoner, and was afterwards exchanged
and appointed major general, but the
peace took place before be took that com*
mand."



INDIAN OUTRAGES IN THE CUMBER.
LAND VALLEY.

[From a small volume entitled "French
and Indian Cruelty Exemplified, and the
Life and Various Vicissitudes ot Fortune
of Peter Williamson," published at Dub
lin in 1766, having then reached its
seventh edition, we find the fol-
lowing reference to Indian out-*
rages in the Cumberland valley, of a date
prior to any given by the historians.
Taken prisoner in 1754, he continues a
relation of his journey to the westward,
and narrates the miseries and sufferings
of a fellow prisoner, an old, giay headed
man.]

One night after be had been thus tors
mented, whilst he and I were sitting to-
gether condoling each other at the mis-
fortunes and miseries we daily suflered, a
party arrived bringing twenty scalps and
three prisoners, who bad unhappily fallen
into their hands in Cannocojigge,a small
town near the river Susquehanna, chiefly
inhabited by the [Scotch] Irish. These
prisoners gave us some shocking accounts
of the murders and devastations commit-
ted in their parts. The various and com
plicated actions of these barbarians would
entirely fill a large volume, but what I
have already written, with a few other
instances which I shall select from their
information, will enable the reader to
guess at the horrid treatment the English



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and Indians in their interest have suffered
for many years past. I shall, therefore,
only mention in a brief maimer those that
suffered near the same time as myself.
This party who now Joined as, had it
not, I found, in their power, to begin
their wickedness as soon as those who
risked my habitation; the first of their
tragedies being on the 25th day of Octo-
ber, 1754, when John Lewis, with his
wife and three small children fell sacri
flees to their cruelty, and were miserably
scalped and murdered; his house, barn
and everything he possessed be-
ing burned and destroyed. On the
28th Jacob Miller, with bis wife
and six of bis family, together with
everything on bis plantation under-
went the same fate. The 80th, the
house, mill, barn, twenty bead of cattle,
two teams of horses, and everything be*
longing to the unhappy George Folke,
met with the like treatment, himself,
wife, and all his miserable family, con-
sisting of nine in number, being inhu-
manly scalped, then cut in pieces and
given to the swine, which devoured
them. 1 shall give another instance of
the numberless and unheard of barbari-
ties they related of these savages, and
proceed to their own tragical end. In
short, one of the substantial traders be-
longing to the Province, having business
that called him some miles up the coun-
try, fell into the hands of these devils,
who not only scalped him, but imme-
diately roasted him before he was dead;
then, like cannibals, for want of other
food, eat his whole body, and of his head
made what they called an Indian pud-
din at.

From these few instances of savage
cruelty, the deplorable situation of the
defenceless inhabitants, and what they
hourly suffered in that part of the globe,
must strike utmost horror to a human
soul, and cause in every heart the
utmost detestation, not only against the
authors of such tragic scenes, but against
those who thro' perfidy, inattention, or
pusillanimous and erroneous principles,
suffered these savages at first, unrepelled
or even unmolested, to commit such out*
rages and Incredible depredations and
murders. For no torments, no bar-
barities that can be exercised on the



human sacrifices they get into their
power, are left untried or omitted.

[The relator then gives an account of
the diabolical manner in which the three
prisoners were put to death. Indeed one
shudders at the recital. Is it a wonder
that our frontiersmen took the retributive
work into their own hands, and wiped
out the nest of red vipers at Conestoga. >



WHAT OUR ANOKSrOBS DRANK.

[From Acrelius' "History of New
Sweden," and other historical works con-
cerning Pennsylvania, we cull the fol-
lowing list of drinkables our good old
ancestors enjoyed. The record is worth
preserving. In doing so, it has been
thought useless to give any definition of
names of drinks common in our time.]

French Wine, Frontignae "Frotenac,"
Pantae, Fort a- Fort, Litbon Wins, Phial
Wine (Fayal), Sherry and Materia Wine.
which is altogether the most used.

Sangaree is made of wine, water, sugar,
a dash of nutmeg, with some leaves of
balm put in.

Hot Wine t Warmed Wine, is drunk
warm, with sugar, cardamoms, and cin-
namon in it. Some times, also, it has in
it the yolks of eggs beaten up together,
and grains of allspice, and then it is called
Mulled Wine.

Clierry Wine, The berries are pressed,
the juice strained from them, Muscavado
or raw sugar is put in ; then it ferments
and after some months becomes clear.

Cyder Royal is so called, when some
quarts of brandy are thrown into a barrel
of cider, along with several pounds of
Muscavado sugar, whereby it becomes
stronger and tastes better. If it is then
left alone tor a year or so, or taken over
the eea, then thrown off into bottles, with
some raisins put in, it may deserve the
name of apple wine.

Cyder Royal of another kind, of which
one-half is cider ind the other mead, both
freshly fermented together.

Raw Dram, Raw Rum, is a drink of
Rum unmixed with anything. Egg-Nog,
Cherry-Pounce, Punch.
. Mwnm, Mimm, or Mimbo, made of wa«
ter, sugar and rum, is the most common
drink in the interior of the country, and
has set up many a tavern keeper.



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Manaihmn is made of until beer with
rum and suaar.

Tiff, or Flipp, is made of small beer,
ram and sugar, with a slice of bread
toasted and battered.

Hot Bum, warmed with swear and
grains of allspice; customary at funerals.

MuUfid Bum, warmed with egg yolks
and allspice.

Hoick Pot (Hot Pot?), warmed beer
with rum in it.

Sempeon is warmed cider with rum
in it.

Grog.

Sling, or Long Sup, half water and half
ram, with supar in It.

Mmtoatcr, distilled from mint, mixed
in the rum, to make a drink for strength*
ening the stomach.

Sgg PuncK of yolks of eggs, rum,
sugar and warm water.

MiUt Punch.

SUlibub is made of milk-warm milk,
wine and sugat, not unlike our Oelost
It is used in summer time as a cooling
beverage [N. B.— The Swedish Oetoet
is made by mixing warm milk and beer.]

Still Liquor, brandy made of peaches or
apples, without the addition of any grain,
Is not regarded as good as rum.

Whiehey.

Beer is brewed in the towns; is brown,
thick, and unpalatable. Is drunk by the
common people.

Srnail Beer from molasses. When the
water is warmed, the molasses is poured
in wHh a little malt or wheat bran, and is
well shaken together. Afterwards a lay
of hops and yeast is added, and then it is
put in a keg, where it ferments, and the
next day is clear and ready for use. It is
more wholesome, pleasanter to the taste,
and milder to the stomach than any small
beer or malt.

Spruce Beer*

Table Beer, made of persimmons. The
persimmon is a fruit like our egg plum.
When these have been well frosted, they
are pounded along with their seeds,
mixed up with wheat bran, made into
large loaves, and baked in the oven.
Then, whenever desired pieces of this are
taken and miostened, and with these the
drink is brewed.

Mead is made of honey and water
boiled together, which ferments of itself



in the cask. The stronger it is of honey
the longer it takes to ferment Drunk in
this country too soon, it causes sickness
of the stomach and headache.

Besides these they also use the liqueurs
called cordial, such as anise water, tin*
namon water, aod others scarcely to be
enumerated, as also drops to pour into
wine and brandy almost without end.

Tea is a drink very generally used.
No one is so high as to despise it, nor
any one so low as nor to think himself
worthy of it. It is not drunk oftener
than twice a day. It is always drunk by
the common people with sugar io it.

Brandy in tea is called Use (lazy. )

Oofee comes from Martinico, 8t Do
mingo and Surinam; is sold in large
quantities and used for breakfast

Chocolate is in general use for break-
fast and supper. It is drunk with a
spoon; sometimes prepared with a little
milk, but mostly only with water.

THK AOMBWS OF MAR8B ORKfcK.

Robert Agnew, banker, of Oootehill,
Ireland, furnishes the following informa-
tion derived from his father who is still
living:

"Three brothers of Agoews oame from
Scotland during the persecutions in that
country and settled in Ireland, ooe at
Craigmore, near Randal) stow n, county
of Antrim; another at Donegore, near
Antrimtown, and the other somewhere
in the county of Tyrone. One .or two
sods of the one who settled at Craigmore
went to A merica, supposed to be before
1788 or 1789, and settled in Philadelphia,
and it appears they were very successful
in business there."

It is supposed that Samuel and James
Agnew, who moved from Donegal, in
Lancaster county, and settled in the
"Manor of Masque" in the year 1789,
were the sons ot the brother who settled
near Randallstown. Craigmore.

Jambs Agnew was born July 81. 1711,
and probably came to Donegal (now Ra-
pho) township, Lancaster county, Pa.,
when it was organized in 1729 with Ar-
thur Patterson, who married Ann 8cott,
in Ireland, in 1794. Patterson and Agnew
were blacksmiths, the latter being a single
man. It is well known that Arthur Pat-
terson carried on the business for many



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years, and was a skilled workman in va-
rious other branches in the manufacture
of iron and steel into agricultural
implements and edge tools. I can-
not discover that James Agnew car*
ried on the business in bis own
name while he resided in Donegal, and I
infer that he was a journeyman, and
probably worked for Mr. Patterson. It
wonld seem from their intimate and close
relationship through life, that they were
friends. James Agnew married a Done**
gal lass in 1781, whose name is now un-
known. By ber he bad two children, viz:

i John, b. March 4, 1732.

ii Jennet, b. August 22, 1785, and who
married Cap. Abraham Scott. (A tradi-
tion in the family is that the Abraham
Scott who married Jennet Agnew, was
the father of James Agnew 's second wife.
I cannot discover any of the name old
enough to correspond with bis age, in
Donegal, and therefore I conclude that
Captain Abraham Scott was the person.
He was a relative of the Chickies Scotts,
but not a brother )

James Agnew married, secondly, Re-
becca Scott, daughter of Abraham Scott.
She was born December 17th, 1707, and
wasthe sister of Mrs. Ann Patterson,
wife of Arthur Patterson, Mrs. James
Moore, and Samuel Alexander and Jo-
siah Scott, all of whom settled along Biff
Chickies creek, at and near where the old
Paxtang and Conestoga road crossed now
the Lancaster and Harrisburg turnpike.
From the letter which appeared in Notes
and Qu&riee (No. cl) it will be seen that
James Agnew removed to Marsh creek in
1739, where he carried on blacksmithing
for many years. He died October 2d,
1770. Several years after his death
his son, Samuel, purchased land
in Carolina, and removed there.
The Agnews in the south are de-
scended from Samuel. The Rev. Samuel
A. Agnew. who resides at Bethany, Lee
county, Mississippi, is a Presbyierian
minister and a direct descendant of James
Agnew.

In a future number of Notes and Queries
I propose giving a sketch of several mem-
bers of the Scott family, of whom Mrs.
James Agnew was one.

Samuel Evans.

Columbia, Fa.



HABBISBUBO PBKSBYTIfiBY.

BY REV. Wlf. A. WE8T.

[CONTINUED FROM LAST SATURDAY, ]

The Presbytery of Harrisburg was
erected by the Synod of Pennsylvania
(New School) on the 81st of October,
1839, at the request of the Revs. Robert
Cathcart, D D , B. J. Wallace, William
M. Hall, W. T. Sprole and Robert Kens
nedy, and was made to "comprehend
these ministers and the Rev. William
Tracy, with all those ministers and
churches in the Presbyteries of Carlisle,
Huntingdon and Northumberland, and
those within the counties of York, Cum-
berland and Lancaster, who have declared
or may declare their adherence to this
Synod "

It will be seen irom the foregoing that
the territory covered by the new Presby-
tery was about three times as large as
that of the Presbv tery of Carlisle, and
was substantially the same as embraced
in it when it included Huntingdon and
Northumberland Presbyteries.

As ordered by Synod, the first meeting
was held at Carlisle on the 3d of March,
1840,and was opened with a sermon by Dr.
Cathcart, who was also appointed to act
as Moderator until another be chosen.
At this meeting Rev. Wm.R. DeWitt, D.
D., was received as a member, and the
churches of York and Carlisle, First, from
the Presbytery of Carlisle, were taken
under its care. The ministers present
were Robert Cathcart. D. D., Robert
Kennedy, Wm T. Sprole, Wm M. Hall,
Wm. R. Dewitt, D. D., and Wm. Tracy.
Absent, Benjamin J. Wallace. The
church of Harrisburg made application
and was received under its care the 26th
of November following.

Mention has been made of the foregoing
ministers, except Mr. Tracy and Mr.
Hall, in speaking of the "division" of
the Presbytery of Carlisle. Mr. Tracy
was a missionary laboring in India
under the American Board of Commis-
sioners for Foreign Missions. Mr. Ball,
previously a member of the Bar, settled
at Lewistown and enjoying one of
the most extensive and lucrative
practices in Central Pennsylvania, had
been licensed by the Presbytery of Ohio,
which included the cities of Pittsbuig



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35



and Allegheny, with which Presbytery
he was converted until the division of
the Church took place. He telle us he
"sided with the body terming itself tho
'Constitutional Party' and was opposed
to the excision of the Synods and the
measures of the Assembly therewith con-
nected, but never deemed himself a
Mew 8chool man, thsologically $peak*
ing "* His connection with the Presby-
tery of Harrisburg was brief. With*
drawing from it, for there were no letters
of dismission granted by either party in
those days of embittered feeling, he was
received and enrolled as a member of the
Presbytery of Carlisle the 21st of July,
1841.

Very soon after its formation, Presby
tery defined its position on several im-
portant points. At its second meeting,
held at Mt. Joy May 19th, 1840, it de-
clared its attachment and adherence to
the voluntary Societies and Boards, and
charged the Old School branch of the
Church with "having so departed from
the spirit and usages of our Church as to
break up to a very considerable degree
the Christian fellowship which existed
and was manifested in the co operative
Boards and Societies, by tbe formation of
separate and sectarian institutions." It
also defined its doctrinal position, declaim
ing that its members "received and
adopted the Westminster Confession of
Faitn and Catechisms, Larger and Shorter,
as containing the system of doctrine
taught in tbe Holy Scripture," and em-
phasized this by adding, "that no one
can honestly subscribe these Standards or
remain in the Church after subscribing
them, who is conscious of holding any
opinions at variance with the system of
truth they exhibit" Tet they claimed
liberty as to method of expressing and
expounding these doctrines. In the mat
ter of Church Polity, they declared their
"approval of the government and disci-
pline of the Presbyterian Church in the
United States as exhibited in its Form of
Government and Book of Discipline."
But held **it a fundamental principle of
our church government that the author
ity of ecclesiastical courts is only declara-
tive and ministerial, and that all their de-

•Letter to Preshjtery of Carlisle, on Ale.



cisions affecting the rights and reputation
and the consciences of men most be
founded on tbe revealed will of God."

Most of the aggressive work under
taken and accomplished by the Presby-
tery of Harrisburg was in the territory
lying beyond the bounds of the Presby-
tery of Carlisle, and mainly in the bounds
of the Presbytery of Northumberland.
There were two good and substantial
reasons for this— first, the greater spirit-
ual destitutions in that part of the Pres-
bytery, especially in the lumbering re-
gions; and second, tbe closer sympathy
of the people with the New School
Church. Many of the communities along
the 8usquehanna and its tributaries were
composed largely of New England peo-
ple, who bad been reared in the Congre*
gational Church. They had been ats
tracted to this region by tbe fine forests
of pine and hemlock, and the facilities
for rafting tbe lumber to market. They
brought with them to their adopted State
the religious views and modes o! worship,
the business habits and the social and do-
mestic customs prevalent in their New
England homes. These have left an
abiding impress upon the people of Cen
tral and Northern Pennsylvania, which
may be seen in church life, in business
shrewdness and enterprise; in the laying
out of their towns and in the style of
architecture. The make up of the com-
munities of the Susquehanna region is
very different from that of the Juniata.
Nor was there less difference in the ec-
clesiastical affinities shown at and after
the time of the division. Among the
Scotch-Irish communities in the latter
(embraced mainly in the Presbytery of
Huntingdon) the New School move-
ment made but little impression and
gained almost no footing.

Recognizing this state of affairs, the
Presbytery of Harrisburg wisely ad
dressed itself to the work which appeared
to come legitimately to its hand, by turn*
ing to the Susquehanna region. At its
meeting in October, 1844, it "appointed
a committee on correspondence and
church erection in the interior of Penn-
sylvania." It also "resolved that, in the
opinion of this Presbytery, it would be
greatly for the interests of religion that
the Philadelphia Home Missionary So-



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Online LibraryFrance) Société asiatique (ParisNotes and queries: Chiefly relating to Interior Pennsylvania, Volume 2 → online text (page 6 of 81)