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Notes and queries: Chiefly relating to Interior Pennsylvania, Volume 2 online

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seal this fourteenth day of the Ninth Month,
One Tnousand Eight Hundred and Thirty-
four. Hannah Murray, [l. a \

Published and declared by the testatrix,
Hannah Murray, as and for a codicil to her
last will and testament in onr presence, who,
at her request and in her presence have sub-
scribed our names as witnesses, William
Bennett, Jane Bennett

In the name of God, Amen. Proof the
will and codicil to these presents annexed
being admitted before the Reverend Joseph
Salvin, clerk and lawful surrogate, we,



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«Oraaville Harconrt Vernon, Master of Arts,

<2ommis8ary Keeper General of the Ex-

^ehesjaer and Prerogative Court of the Moat

ttevereod Father in God, Edward, by Divine

Providence, Lord Archbishop of York, Pri-

<enare of England and Metropolitan, do ap«

•^rove of and register the fame, and do pro-

•ounce, decree aod declare for the validity

thereof, and dj folly in the Lord by these

ftresents commit and grant administration of

all au4 singular the goods, rights, credits,

•rattles aod chattels ot Hannah Murray, late

-of Holgate, near the city of Yoik, widow,

having in her lifetime and at her death Bona

Nota Sia in diverse Dioceses or peculiar joris-

-diction within the provioceof York, deceased,

which were io her lifetime aud at her death

within the province of York aforesaid, to

William Alexander and Samuel Take, the

ISxecetors in the said will named, po far as

•regards the deceased's property in England,

having first before onr said Surrogate made

<the usual affirmation according to law io that

-case required (saving any other person's

•eights) Given at York under the seal of

-our said office, this tenth day of October, in

**be year of our Lord 1834.

Joseph Buckle,
Deputy Register.
» ♦

NvTBS AND QUERIES.



Plates-leal, Blagraahleal and GeaealaglcaJ.



CCLXII.

A Nbolbotbd Hero —The following
-note was sent us by the late Rev. Wm. C.
Heichel, shortly before his death, in answer
-*o ao inquiry:

"John Sieg'ried, sometimes wagon master
of Northampton county, lies buried in a de-
-oerted and waste graveyard at Siegfried's
£ridge. His grave is hardly to be found in
<he wilderness of briars and brambles, which
r^row rank in this resting place of the dead."



THE STEWART FAMIfcY.

8amuel Evans, E»q., in his interesting
-sketch of the "Stewarts, of Donegal," pub-
lished in Note* and Queries Feb. 15, 1890,
•ays that Charles Stewart once owned "Big
island, in the West Branch, where be died
aod It ft sons, Charles and Samuel." The
-wenerable historian has been led into error.
The "Big Island," according to tradition,
purchased from Newhaleeka, chief of



the Delaware*, by William Dunn for a keg
of whiskey and a handsome rifle. Dunn ac-
companied a surveying party in 1768, as a
hunrer, and his equipments attracted the
eye of the old chief. Whether the tradition
is true or not, is not positively known, but
it U known that Dunn was the first white
settler on the island ; that he applied for a
warrant in 1770, which was granted, and he
received his patent October 13, 1785, after
paying thirty pounds per hundred acres.
Dnnn, at his death, left the island to his son,
Washington Dunn, and he in turn trans-
mitted it to his son, William Dunn, who died
September 7, 1877.

Charles Stewart, who, in 1767, married
his cousin, Miss Elizabeth Hunter, after a
short residence in Cumberland county, pur-
chased a tract of 714 acres of fine bottom
land in Nippenose township (now Lycoming
connty), which he paid for in Continental
money. In 1784 be removed his family to
his new purchase, bringing his cattle and
honsehold goods up the river in a keel boat.
This magnificent estate was located on the
south side of the West Branch, opposite
Long Island, at Jersey 8hore, about ten
miles east of Great Island. It was this fact
which probably misled Mr. Evans.

Charles and Elisabeth (Hunter) Stewart
had a family of seven children, five sons and
two daughters, vis:

ft. Mary; b. Oct 5, 1768.

si. Samuel; b. Dec 4, 1770; d. April 6,
1844. He was made the first sheriff of Ly-
coming county, when it was erected in 1795,
and became a man of great distinction for
his time. He fonght a duel with the cele-
brated John Binns, December 16, 1805, op-
posite where Lewisburg now stands. Thia
was the fl»st and last duel ever fought in the
West Branch Valley.

Hi. Alexander, b. April 30, 1773. He
was employed as an assistant surveyor to
James Hunter in 1 794, when he was ap-
pointed to survey the "triaogle" at Erie.
Stewart was the first sheriff of Erie county
when it was organized March 22, 1800. Af-
ter serving his term, he returned to Lycoming
county, became a farmer and died among his
kindred.

ft?. Charles; b. September 32, 1775; died
March 4, 1846.

v. Catharine; b. April 22, 1780; m. John
Knox, a native of Ireland, who bnilt a mill
4tt the month of Larry's Creek in 1799.



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m. WitUam; b. February 3, 1787; died
early in life

•it. John; b. November 14, 1789, entered
the military service when quite a young man,
was challenged to fight a duel, accepted, and
fell.

Descendants of this famous family reside
in Williamsport and Lycoming county. The
bulk of the great estate which originally be-
longed to Charles Stewart has long since
passed into other hands, only a small por-
tion of it now being owned by one of his de-
scendants. John of Lancaster.

WiUiarnspoH, Feb. 22<*.



STANDARD OP PHlf«\DBL.PHf A LIUBT
HORSB.

Some person, who showed his profound ig-
norance, has recently published an article
headtd the "Flag Making Eta," and repro-
duced a cut ot the old standard of the Phila-
delphia Light Horse, now the Hty Troop.
We reproduce this to give a description of it:



This standard is well delineated in the
History of the City Troop published in its
centennial yesr, 1874. It has alio been re-
produced in the Pennsylvania Archives (sec-
ond series) in the volumes relating to the
Associators and Militia in the War of the
Ravolution. From the volume first referred
to, we glean the following facts relating to
this old flag, as also a description thereof:

Among the relics preserved by the City
Troop, none relating to its earliest history
possesses more value, or is of greater in-
terest, than the old standard carried by the
Company during all the campaigns in which
it was engaged throughout the Revolution-



ary struggle, and which has been handed)
down through successive generations of
Troopers to the present day. For sometime-
after the assembling of the first Congress in»
September, 1774, there existed no common*
flag in use by the disaffected colonists. The
colors which were carried by vessels of all*
classes, and those which were adopted by
military bodies, were in most cases the
British commercial ensign (which was a
plain red flsg with the nnion cf the cross or
8t George and the saltier of St Andrew V
ornamented with various mottoes and threat-
ening devices, or a flag displaying similar-
emblems, and in many instances the arms-
end mottoes of the several colonies, on pish*-
fields of different colors. It wonld appear
that the flags carried by independent military
companies at this time, were the results of
the inventions of the members or command-
ers of those bodies, and Captain Markoe-
while in command of the Troop, followed*
the pre railing custom, and desiring at the
same time to present theCompaqy which had
honored him by placing him at its head, with*
some token of his affection and respect, had'
prepared this btandard, little thinking when-
giving the draught to the designer, bow im-
portant a step he was taking toward the?
creation of the ensign of the United States*

No mention of this standard is made in-
any of the books which have been written oe>
the history of the national flsg, or to any of'
the many publications of the different his-
torical societies of the country, before thai
found in the exhaustive and interesting work:
entitled, "Origin and Progress of the Flag-
of the United States of America," by Geo.
Henry Preble, U. 3. N., where it is steed::
"the supposed earliest instance of the thir-
teen stripes being used npon an A men can-
banner is found upon a standard said to hare-
been presented to the Philadelphia Troop of'
Light Horse in 1774-75, by Captain Abra-
ham Markoe." In thU work is given I he-
following description of the flag by Mr-
Charles J. Lukens, of Philadelphia, which,
owing to its great accuracy, is here quoted r.

"The flag of the light-horse of Philadel-
phia is forty inches long and thirty-four
inches broad. Its canton is twelve and one*
half inches long and one-half inch wide.
The armorial achievement in its center oc-
cupies the proportional space shown in the-
drawing; both sides of the flag exhibit the
same attributes. The left side shows every-
thing as if the material were transparent?



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giving the right tide entirely in reverse, ex-
cept the ejphert L. H., and the motto, 'For
these we strive.' The cyphers, the ranning
vines on both sides, the cord end tassels and
the fringe are of silver bullion twist The
spear-head and the upper ferule, taken to-
gether—eight inches in length— are of solid
stiver. The staff is of dark wood, in three
•carefully ferrnled divisions screwing to-
gether. Ten screw rings at intervals from
•two and one-half to three and three-fourth
inches, are used to attach the flag to the
staff by means of a cord laced through cor-
responding eyelets in the flag. The flag is
•formed of two sides very strongly hemmed
together along tha mIjm. each *ide being of
t*o equal pieces attached together by means
•of a horison seam, the material of the flag
being a bright yellow silk and apparently the
4ame tint as that of the present artillery flag
of the United States. The canton of the
iflag is 'Barry of thirteen astir* and argent.*
The asure being deep ultra marine, the ar-
gent silver leaf. The achievement in the
center of the flag aeure, a round knot of
three ioterlacings, with thirteen divergent,
wavy, bellied, foliated ends or; whereof two
•ends are in chief, and ooe in bate. The
scrolled edging of the shield is gold, with
outer and inner rims of silver.

"The eras* (without a wreath), a horse's
head bay, with a white star on the forehead,
•erased at the shoulders, maned sable, bitted
and rosetted or, bridled ature. Over the
heal of the charger is the mooogram L H.
Beneath the shield, the motto, % For these we
strive/ in black Roman capitals of the Blisa-
bethian style on a floating silver scroll, npon
the nncnrled ends of which stand the sup*
porter* Dexter, a Continental, masquerad-
ing as an American Indian [probably of the
Boston tea party, December 16th, 1778],
with a bow or, the loosened string blue float-
ing on the wind, in his left hand and in his
right a gold rod upholding a liberty cap,
with tassel atwre, the lining #» tor, head
-dress and kilt [or ga-ka-ah] of feathers, the
formet of Ave alternately of red and gold,
whith fillet of crimson. The latter of seven,
alternately of gotdenA of darkled [This
may be of eight, and then it would be
5x8= IS, alternately of dark red, and of
gold, as the gold at least occupies the ex-
treme natural right of the kilt. The uncer-
tainty arises from age, and the fact that the
dependent ends of a crimson shoulder sash
or scarf, worn from left to right with knot



at the waist, bound the left side of the kilt,
which itself is supported by a narrow girdle,
with pendent loops of gold, and the looped
spaces red.] The quiver is of gold, supported
over the right shoulder by a blue strap, its
arrows are proper. A continental officer's
crescent, gold, suspended around the neck by
a blue string, rests just where the clavicles
meet the sternum. The moccasins are bujf
with feather tops, I think alternated dark
red, and gold. The Indian has deep, black
hair, but his skin is intermediate between
the Caucasian and the aboriginal hues, rather
inclining to the former, and his cheek is de-
cidedly ruddy, almost rosy. He approaches the
shield in profile as does also the sinister
supporter which represents an angel of florid
tint, roseate cheek, with auburn curley hair,
and bine eyes, blowing a golden trumpet,
held with his right hand, and holding in his
left a gold rod. His wings are a light blueith
gray with changeable flashes of silver. His
flowing robe from the right shoulder to the
left flank \b purple. These supporters not
being hetaldic in position and motion for hu-
man or angelic figures, their left and right
action have the natural and not the heraldic
significations.

"The flag is in admirable condition, con-
sidering that nearly one hundred years have
elapsed since it was made. The whole is a
model of good taste and judgment, and evi-
dences that Captain Markoe spared no ex-
pense."

The accepted interpretation of the device
of the Iniian as representing America, and
with the addition of the Liberty pole and cap,
representing Freedom, symbolising as a
whole Free America.



REVOLUTIONARY WORTHIES.

CantrlaattoM t« PennwlTanla Biography,

Frazbr, Persifor.

Persifor Fraser was a scion of the Scotch
house of Fraser of Lovat, in which branch
of the family the title of Lord Lovat, and
the estates appertaining thereto were held at
the time of his birth. His father, John
Fraser, came to Pennsylvania in 17S5, and
Persifor Fraser was born near Newton
Square, Chester county, August 10th, 1736.
On reaching manhood he became a merchant,
and was a partner in the iron works at Ox-
ford, Chester county, and afterward in the
Sarum forge.



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He was a member of the Provincial Con"
yention, which in January 1765 protested
against the further importation of negro
•lares; he appears October 25 tb, 1765, as
one of the signers of the non -importation
resolutions, a copy of which is preserved in
the museum at Independence Hell, Phila-
delphia; and he was in January, 1775, a
delegate to the Provincial Convention which
was called to prepare for the then impending
straggle with Great Britain.

He raised and commanded the first com-
pany of the Fourth regiment of Pennsylva-
nia troops, of which regiment Anthony
Wayne was Colonel, his commission bearing
date January 5th, 177*; was made Major
by General Gates, at Ticonderoga, Septem-
ber 24th, 1776, and in March 1777, in the
organisation of the Fifth Pennsylvania reg-
iment he was made Lieutenant Colonel. He
was in the campaign of Long Island, with
Gates' army at Ticonderoga in the fall of
1776, in the Jersey campaign of 1777, at the
battle of Brandy wine in September, 1777,
taken prisoner September 16th, 1777, and
held in Philadelphia till his escape in March
1 778. He rejoined the army and commanded
his regiment at the battle of Monmouth
Court House, June 28th, 1778, but owing to
what he considered a gross injustice, and
breach of faith in some promotions having
been made over his head during his impris-
onment, lje resigned October 9th, 1778. He
was appointed to peroral military positions
during the war, bnt never want into active
service again. In 1781 he was elected a
Brigadier General, and afterward held a
numier of the principal county offices, be-
ing at the time of his death April 24th, 1792,
Register of Wills 'and Recorder of Deeds,
for Chester county.

He married October 2d, 1766, Mary Wor-
rell Taylor who survived him many years.
General P«rsifor F. Smith, U. S. A. Prof.
John Fraser, of the University of Pennsyl-
vania, and P. Fraser 8mith, Etq., lata Re-
corder of the Pennsylvania 8upreme Court
were grandchildren of Colonel Fraser.

Habbis. John.

John Harris was the son of Thomas Har-
ris, who came to Pennsylvania about 1750.
He was born in Willistown, Chester county,
April 1st, 1753, and died December 25th,
1888. He was during the Revolution at one
time a collector of fines, and at another time

paymaster.



In 1794 he was in command of the Cheater
county troops who were called into service
by President Washington to quell the-
44 Whiskey Rebellion, " his rank being that of
Lieutenant Colonel.

Habbis, William.

William Harris, the second son of Thomas
Harris, was born in Willistown, Chester
county, October 7th, 1757. He entered the-
army in 1777, and remained with it till the
close of the Revolution, rising to the rank of
Captain. He served during the "Whiskey
Rebellion" as Major and Paymaster in the
regiment commanded by his brother, John
Harris, and was in the military service ali-
bis lif*, holding at his death, September
4th, 1812, the rank of Brigadier Genera] of
8tate troops. He was for several years a
member oi theLegi8lature,and being an ardent
advocate of public education, succeeded in
establishing, nnder the auspices of the State,
the Chester County Academy in 1811, giving-
the necessary ground from his farm. He
married April 24th, 1780, Mary Campbell,
and among his sons were Thomas, late Sur-
geon General, U. S. Navy; John, late. Col-
onel Commandant U. 8. Marine Corps, and*
Drs. William and 8tephen Harris.

Bbodhbad, Lukb.

Lnke Brodheed was a great grandson of
Captain Daniel Brodheed, of the British
army, who was one of the officers of the
force which in 1664 captured New York from
the Dutch. He was born in ' MarMetown,
Ulster county, New York, in 1737, but came
the next year to Northampton county, Penn-
sylvania, where he always afterward lived.
He entered the army in the spring of 1776-
as Third Lieutenant of the First American
Rifle Regiment, Col. William Thompson
commanding, and was appointed Second
Lieutenant of Major Simeon Williams' regi-
ment Oct 24, 1776. He was wounded and
taken prisoner at the battle of Long Island.
He was commissioned a Captain of the Sixth
Pennsylvania regiment, commanded by CoL
Maga*, in the Continental service. In 1778
be retired from service, having been in-
capacitated by his wounds. He married
Elisabeth Harrison, of Brldesburg, Pennsyl-
vania, and died June 19, 1806. One of his
sons was John Brodheed, D. D., an eminent
Methodist clergyman, and a member of
Con g re ss from New Hampshire, and among
his grandsons were John Brodheed, late



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Second Controller of the U. 8. Treasury,
and Thornton Fleming Brodhead, late Colo-
nel First Michigan Cavalry, killed at the
second battle of Ball Ran in 1862. H.



NOTES AND QUERIES,
flhrtorloal, Btegrannleal and Genealaelflal*

CCLXIII.

Dbooratiok Day was made a legal holi-
day in Pennsylvania, and the time fixed for
the 30th of May, by the act of May 25th,
1874. The observance of such a d«y origin-
ated with the members of the Grand Army
of the Republic

Historical Blunders.— Our attention
has been called by Isaac Craig, Esq., of
Allegheny City, to the followiog:

In the second Tolnmeof Carious Questions
in Hif tory, Literature, Art and 8ocial Life,
designed as a manual of general information,
by 8. H. Killikelly, the following question
excited my curiosity :

"What fact helps us to remember the date
of George Washington's death?" The
answer is: "It is a somewhat curious fact
that Gen. George Washington drew his last
breath in the last hour of the last da? of the
last week of the last month of the last cen-
tury. He died on Saturday night at 12 o'-
clock, December SI. 1799."

As this work is in considerable use as a
book of reference the errors in regard to the
death of Washington should be pointed out
for the benefit of too confiding student*.

Washington did not "draw his last breath
in the last hour" of any day, week, month,
year or century. He did not die at 12 o'-
clock at night He did not die December SI,
1799, wasToesday, not Saturday, as stated.
The last c*ntury did not end at midnight
December SI, 1799, but exactly one year
later. Tie. : at midnight, December 31, 1800.

Washington died between 10 and 11 o'-
clock p. it, December 14, 1799.
» ♦
HBROBS OP THB REVOLUTION.

[A portion of the following record may
hare been published, but the entire list of
worthies who fooght on the Patriot side in
the struggle for Independence is worthy of
p teser ration. The descendants of these he-
roes will be delighted to obtain the informa-
tion here given.]



Lieut John Dunlap, of Faxtang, belong-
ing to Captain Crouch's company, killed at
Chestnut Hill, in 1777.

Captain Michael Whitley, of CoL Robert
Elder's battalion, was wounded and token?
prisoner at Chestnut Hill, December 6, 1777.
He died a few days after in Philadelphia,
aged 47 years.

Lieut John Gilchrist, of Captain Bead's
company, in the Flying Camp, was acci-
dentally wounded in the right arm, near
Elizabethtown, N. J., August 14. 1776.

Henry Slotterbeck, private in Capt Daniel
Oldenbuck's company, of First Battalion,
CoL Philip Greenawalt, was wounded in the
thigh at Chestnut Hill, December, 1777.

Jacob Steger, private of Capt Philip
Wetser'scompany,of the First Battalion, was
wounded at Chestnut Hill in December, 1777.

William Campbell, private, Capt Robert
Clark's company, in the Flying camp, was
taken prisoner at Delancy's Mill in October,
1776.

William Johnston, corporal in Capt Joan
Read's company, in the Flying Camp, was
taken prisoner at Delancy's Mill in October,
1776.

Patrick Losk, sergeant, Capt John Mar-
ray's company, Second Pennsylvania Bat-
talion, was wounded in right wrist at battle
of Princeton.

Joseph Wood, of Bettrel township (to
1786, sixty-five years of age) Lieutenant
Colonel of Second Pennsylvania battalion.
Col. Arthur St Clair, received a dangerous
wound in left leg and wounded in left arm
at Lake Champlain.

Charles Logan, private, Capt. Samuel
Nelson's company, CoL Swope's Battalion,
taken prisoner at Fort Washington sxd died
in captivity.

Simon Duey, private, Capt William
Brown's company, taken prisoner at Fort
Washington, and died on prison-ship, Dee.
8, 1776.

Jacob Neveland, private, Capt James
Crouch's company, killed at Chestnut HiH,
1777.

Capt John Beily, of Third Pennsylvania
Regiment, wounded at Bonhamton, in New
Jersey. Shot through the body.

William Hell, private in Capt. Timothy
Green's company of the Third Battalion
Lancaster county, in the Flying Camp, killed
in service.

Jacob Laser, private, Capt Peter Berry**



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company, CoL Greenawalt's Battalion, taken
prisoner at Fort Washington and died on
prison-ship.



THE IMP&OYBUBNT OP THE HISKI*
JHINKTAS.

[The following letter is an important one,
for it will be seen that what was recently
considered a joke, a century ago was an
actual fact.]

July 4. 1794.
Deab Sir:

1 forgot to bring with me the particular
directions for improving the Kiskiminits,
6c , and Col. Campbell has not brought
with him the duplicate of the contract and
he depended upon me for more particular
information. He has hands engaged to
begin on the contracts, but writs for dry
weather and instructions. I request you,
sir, to send by post as soon as possible in-
formation of the width, &c , to which it is
to be cleared. Indeed I think a duplicate
of the contract would be necessary.

Nothing has happened since Sharp's Boat
was attacked en the Kiakiminitz, but General
Gibson having ordered a considerable num-
ber of militia, the people are chiefly re-
turned to their habitations, but the hands
are exceedingly scarce for Harvest, and the
rainy weather continues here and keeps the
Harvest late, and will probably render it
difficult and uncertain. Mr. Beache by
som* means neglected to send me the papers
by last post, and you will easily believe that
after having had them daily so long, I take
ill with the want of them. If I did tot
think it a foiget I would write to him by
this post, but hoping they may come to day
I defer it. Perhaps, however, you may And
opportunity to mention it to him lest they
should be forgot again.

I have net expected news of decisive ac-
tion in Europe, while the combined powers
continue on the defensive, but thinks long
to hear how the British behave towards us
at sea since the Embargo ceased.

The Six Nation Indians appear to fluctu-
ate in their councils. Our people are very
suspicious of them. It is difficult for us to
believe that they are innocent of the depre •
datioos that are committed. If it was ne-



Online LibraryFrance) Société asiatique (ParisNotes and queries: Chiefly relating to Interior Pennsylvania, Volume 2 → online text (page 61 of 81)