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Notes and queries: Chiefly relating to Interior Pennsylvania, Volume 2 online

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ceived 17s. 6d.

Jan. 30. Isaac Davies, of Earl township,
Lancaster coonty, and Lidiar Carter, of
West Nantmeal township, Chester county;
the first, in Middletown, Jan. 28; in bis house.

Feb. 6. Jacob S^y fried, of Robeson
township, and Sus«n Mar^aretta 8pabr, of
Brecknock township, Lane ster county; the
first, 4 Feb. in Caernarvon. 15s. "hard geld "

March 12. George Herat and Mary Mc-
Gelop, a widow, both of Earl township, Lan-
caster county; the n>xt aud second in Caer-
narvon, the 11th March; the third, the day
of marriage. Received 15s.

April 23. Joseph Fletcher and Elisabeth
Harri*, both of Newberry township, York
county; married in Mr. Frey's house. Re-
ceived 16s. 4d.

May 10. Robert Macknot, blacksmith,
and Jane Murray, both of Salisbury town-
ship, Lancaster county; 6rst and second
April 29, in Caernarvon ; the third in Henry
Kern's bouse, 6th May. Received 15s.
"hard geld."

May 20. Henry Alleman, of Pax tang
township, and Anna Maria Pfautz, of Derry
township, both in Lancaster county; first
and second in Caernarvon, the 29th April;
the third In Henrich Kern's bonse, May 6;
married in Middletown at Kraft's house.
Received 7s. 6d.

May 29. Isaac McCamant, of Brandy-
wine township, Chester county, and Mar-



garet » of Salisbury township, Lan-

caster county ; first, second ami third times
in Caernarvon, the 27th May; married at
Mr. Reese's. Received £2. 5a, hard money.

July 4. Cbristoph Sauer and Christina
Oberlin, both of Earl township, Lancaster
county; the first and second times in Caer-
narvon; the third time in Middletown, July
1 ; married at Henry Saner 'a, Received 15s.

Ang. 20. John Falls and Sarah Shower,
both of West Nantmeal township, Cheater
county; the first, Aug. 2, in the Forest; the
second and third, Aug. 19. Received 15s.

Aug. 29. William Iddings and Anna Mil-
lert both of Caernarvon township, Lancaster
county. Received £l. 2s. 6d.

Oct 2. John Matthias Spendler, of Breck-
nock township, Berks county, and Anna
Maria Rosers, of Caernarvon township,
Lancaster county ; first and second time in
Caernarvon 30 Sept ; third time, Oct 2d.
Received 9s. 4d.

Oct 31. James Dagely and Hannah Ja-
cob, both of Caernarvon township, Lancas-
ter county; first and second time at Caer-
narvon, Oct 28; third time date of mar-
riage. Received 15s.

Nov. 4. John Spahr and Anna Maria
Niedback, both of Brecknock township,
Berks county; first and second ticre, at
Caernarvon, Oct •; third time, day of mar-
riage at Neidback'8 house. Received 15a.

Tec 11. John Lout of Earl township,
and Elizabeth Bucher, of Cocalioo township,
Lancaster county; married at New Holland.
Received £l. 2s. 6d.

Dec 31. Jacob Milleson and Ellis Trago,
both of West Nantmeal township, Chester
county; first time, December 25; second
time, Dec. 26, in the Forest; the third
time Dec 27, at Kern't, an married at Mr.
Reese's. Received £l. 4s. 3d.

Jan. 7. George Hoffman, of Robeson
township, and Maria Febr, of Caernarvon
township, Lancaster county; the first at
Schweinhert's, Dec. 30, 1781 ; the second at
the Forest, Jan. 9; the third the day of
marriage, at John Fehr'a. Received £1. 2s.
6d

Jan. 29. Adam Dampman and Elisabeth
Winens, both of East Nantmeal township,
Chester county; manied at Mr. Reese's
houne. Received £1. 10s.

March 5. William Piercel, of West Nant-
meal township, Lancaster county, and Oraes
Kop, of Salisbury township, Lancaster
county ; the first Feb. 24, iu the Forest;



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the second March 3, at Schwei short's; and
the third the day of marriage, at Mr. Wil-
son's. Received 15s.

April 2. Joseph Waddell and Martha
Crackery, both of West Nantmeal township,
Chester county, the first at Schweinbert'a
March 24; second time March 28; and third
time at Caernarvon. Received 2 *. 6d.

April 2. Joseph Zimmerman, of Earl
township, and Ared Hershberger, of Co-
calico township, Lancaster county; the first
March 2*; second. March 31, in Caernarvon;
and third at the Forest, April first. Received
£1. 3s. lOd.

April 7. Michael Kirl, of Earl towuship,
and Catharine Ferree, of Strashorough, Lan-
caster county. Received £1. 4s. 2d.

May 4. John Weber, of Earl township,
and Susan Sensan^ck, of Cocilico township,
Lancaster county ; first, May 1, at the For-
est; second, May 3, in Caernarvon ; third
time, day of marriage. Received Is.

May 20. Peter Boh me, of Brecknock town*
ship, and Susan Schneider, of ^arl township,
Lancaster county; first time May 9 at the
Forest; second time, May 12 at Caernarvon;
third time May 20, at Schwelnhert's. Re*
ceived 15*.

June 12 James Mocre and Sarah Skeen,
of Went Nantmeal township, Chester con- ty,
first time July 7, at the Forest; second time
May 11, at Caernarvon; third time at Mr.
Wilson's, date of marriage. Received £12.

July 16. William Harphan and Susan
Galaspy, both cf West Nantmeal township,
Chester county; first time, Jnly 1, at the
Forrest; second time, July 28, at Adam
Boehm's; third time, at marriage. Received
15s.

July 29. Adam Carmikel and Margaret
Monroe, both of Earl Township. Lancaster
county; first time, July 21, at Middletown;
second time, Jnly 28; third time at
marriage, heceived 15s.

Oct. 29. Johanes RuJy and Judith Dief-
fendorfer, both of Earl township, Lancaster
county; first tiibe October 13 at Caernarvon;
second time, Oct. 20 at Middletown; third
time at marriage. Received 1 5s.

Nov. 21. John Peter Bolich, of Caernar-
von township. BerKs county, and Catharine
Ries, of Providence township, Philadelphia
county; first time Nov. 10,at the Forest; sec-
ond time, Nov. 17, at Middletown; third
time at marriage. Received 9s. 4d.

July 30. Leonard Gehrman and Elizabeth



Hisner, both of Earl township. Lancaster
county. Received 15s.

Aug. 11. Frederick Wind nagle and Eva
Early, both of Paxtang township, Lan-
caster county ; first time, August 4, at Caer-
narvon; second time, August 6, at the For-
est; third time, at marriage at Frey'». Re-
ceived in bard money 15s.

Sept. 12. John Willis and Elizabeth
Morlin, both of Salisbury township, Lan-
caster county ; first time, Aug. 25, at Caer-
narvon; second time, Sept. 1; third time,
Sept. 8. at Morlattan. Received 15s.

Oct 13. Henry Ueil, of Robeson town-
ship, Berks county, and Margaret Foltz, of
Caernarvon township, Lancaster county.
Received 15s.

Oct. 21. Jacob Knop and Barbara Welt-
mer, both of Paxtang township, Lancaster
county; married at Frey's. Received £*
Is. 8d.



TIIK FIRAT IN %U«U RATION.



Old -Time Inn as oral Oremonlm on Decern-*
ber Slur, 1790— Inter* tiling nervicea at-
tending the induction of Thoinan itllfflln
InioOflloc.

The transfer of the present State of
Pennsylvania from a feudal Province to a
sovereign State was affected by the promul-
gation, on the 28th of September, 1776, of
the first Constitution. This was so thor-
oughly revolutionary that it was never fully
approved of by the people of the State. In
the next year, 1777 and in 1778, resolutions
were adopted by the Assembly for tbe calling
of a new convention, but owing to the strug-
gle for independence, it was considered im-
politic to interfere with what many regarded
as a sacred instrument, and in 1778 the reso-
lutions were rescinded. By tbe 47th section
of that Constitution, the most important
powers were delegated to a Council of Cen-
sors, which was to consist of two persons
from each city and county, to be elected on
the. second Tuesday of October, 1783, and on
the second Tuesdav of the same month in
every seventh year thereafter. The rrst and
only Council met upon the 10th of November,
1783. By this body various amendments
were discussed and strong differences of
opinion were manifested ; and although their
sessions continued over a space of eight
months, in their address to the freemen of
the Commonwealth, at the close of their la-
bors, recommended a continuance of the form
of government. They say: "If with neart



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490



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and hand united, we will all combine to sup-
port the Constitution and apply its injunc-
tions to the best use of society, we shall find
it a source of the richest blessings. We
would earnestly recommend this to you.
Oive it a fair and honest trial, and if after
all, at the end of another seven years, it
shall be tound necessary or proper to cause
any changes, they may then be brought in,
and established upon a full conviction of
their usefulness, with harmony and good
temper, without noise, tumult or violence."

The Ceaatltatlaa af 1776 leadeqaate far
the Iteqalremeeta mt a Htm©.

Nevertheless, the Constitution of 1776
proved inadequate for the requirements of a
useful and an effective government, and its
revision was imperatively demanded. The
newspapers, from the close of the war of the
Revolution for a period of sjx years, are
filled with elaborate communications in favor
of, and opposed to, any change. The adop-
tion of the Federal Constitution in 1787,
however, and its successful working, im-
pressed the people more thoroughly that
something should be done in the revision of
the Constitution ot the State. Accordingly,
on the 24th of Marcb, 1788. the Assembly
passed resolutions recommending the election
of delegates to form a new constitution.
The Supreme Executive Council refused to
promulgate this action of the Assembly. In
September following, however, the latter
body passed resolutions for the calling of a
■convention, and at the election in October
delegates were chosen, and on the fourth
Tuesday in November the convention assem-
bled in Philadelphia, electing Thomas
Mifflin President. After a long session the
members adjourned in the ensuing year and
met again, when the subject of the Constitu-
tion was again taken up and concluded, and
the new instrument adopted, September 2d,
1790. On that day the members of the con-
vention affixed their signatures to the Con-
stitution, and went in procession from the
State House to the court house in Philadel-
phia, where the new constitution was for-
mally promulgated. Provision had been
made for the continuance in office of the
Supreme Executive Council and other offi-
•cere, but not the Legislature. The mem-
bers of the latter body believed their func-
tions to be at an end. They, therefore, did
not form a quorum on the 3d of September.
On the 4th, forty- six of them signed an Ad-
dress to the People of the State, declaring



their reasons for a belief that their authority,
as representatives, was gone.
The Radical Chance* That W«*re Hade ay
the Ceaetltaclea er 1790.
In the new Constitution the most radical
changes were made, both in the Executive
and Legislative branches of the Government.
Pennsylvania, which in the Constitution of
1776 was designated, as the Commonwealth
or the State of Pennsylvania, in the new
Constitution was denominated "The Com-
monwealth of Pennsylvania. " The Assem-
bly ceased to have the sole right to make
laws, a Senate being created similar to that
of the National Government, The Supreme
Executive was abolished, and a Governor di-
rected to be elected to whom the sdministra-
of affairs was to be entrusted The form of
judicial system was continued, excepting that
the judges of the courts were directed to be
"learned in the law," and appointed during
good behavior instead of for seven years.
The Bill of Rights re-enacted the old Pro-
vincial provisions copied into the first Con-
stitution respecting: freedom of worship,
rights of conscience and exemptions from
compulsory contributions for the support of
any ministry. The recognition of God and
a future state of rewards and punishments
were still demanded by all holding office,
but a belief in divine inspiration and that of
the New Testament were not included. The
Council of Censors ceased to have authority,
and Pen nslyvania, therefore, confoimed in all
important matters to the system upon which
the new Federal Government established its
administration.

Some at the Dlntlncalehed MeaThat Fraatee'
the Ceaetltatlaa.

The convention of 1789-90 was a remark-
able one, so far as regarded the ability of
the members thereof. Thomas Mifflin, who
at that time was President of the Supreme
Executive Conncil, and who was subse-
quently Governor, which office he
filled for three successive terms, was
chosen President of the Convention. James
Wilson, one of the most prominent figures
in the convention which formed and adopted
the Federal Constitution, was one of the rep-
resentatives from the city of Philadelphia,
as was also William Lewis, a noted lawyer,
and Thomas McKean, second Governor of
the Commonwealth. Joseph Hiester, of
Berks county, and Simon 8nyder, of North-
umberland county, both of whom filled in
their turn the Gubernatorial office, were



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491



members of this body. Robert Wbitehill,
whose position on the Federal Constitution
made him quite prominent in political af-
fairs, along with General William Irvine
and James Power, represented Cumberland
-county. Northampton was represented by
that great legal light in the early history of
the Commonwealth, Samnel Sitgreaves, while
William Findley, the anti-Federalist, repre-
sented Westmoreland. The distinguished
Albert Gallatin and John S mi lie were there
from Fayette conoty, with Timothy Picker-
ing, of Massachusetts, representing the
-county of Luzerne. General John Gibson,
of Revolutionary fame, wss a delegate from
Allegheny, while the county of Dauphin was
represented by John Gloninger, William
Brown, of Pax tang, and Colonel Jacob
Cook. The latter died on the 12th of No-
vember, 1787, and on the 3 1st of December,
Alexander Graydoo, author of "The Me-
moirs," appeared to take his place. This
convention, like the one preceding it, had its
full share of fatality ; in addition to Colonel
Cook, Hbnry Hale Graham, a prominent
lawyer, representing Delaware county, died
■on the 24th of January, 1790. Of the
seventy-one persons who composed this il-
lustrious body, there was not one who had
not taken an important part in public affairs
daring the struggle for Liberty, and it can
be said of the entire convention, that no
body of men ever assembled within the
State of Pennsylvania, wbich contained so
many Intellectual and cultivated men, men
who towered high above their fellows in
every walk of life.

Thnraa* Mifflin and trtnnr At. Clnlr the
First Gubernatorial Candidates.

At the election in October, 1790. Thomas
Mifflin and Arthur St. Clair were the oppos-
ing candidates for Governor. The vote in
the State for Mifflin was 27,118 and for St
Clair 2,819. Under the Constitution, the
General Assembly met on the first Tnasday
in December, when the Senate and House
promptly organized and a committee of con-
ference appointed by both houses to consider
and report a time, place and manner in
which the election of Governor should be
published, notified and proclaimed, and the
oath prescribe d by the Constitution admin-
istered to the Governor.

On Friday, the 17th of December, the
Ilonse of Representatives attended in the
Senate Chamber, where the Speaker of the
House was seated on the right of the Speaker



of the 8enate, and the members being also
seated, when the Speaker of the Senate di-
rected the returns of the election for Gover-
nor to be opened and published, which was
accordingly done, when he declared Thomas
Mifflin as duly chosen Governor of the Com-
monwealth of Pennsylvania.

Inaaanratlea el Weveruer Mifflin.
On the morning of December 21st, 1790,
after the members of the Senate and House
had assembled in the Senate chamber, the
Speaker of the Senate informed both houses
that according to their order the certificate
of the election of the Governor was recorded
in the rolls office of this Commonwealth,
whereupon the committee of both houses of
the Legislature, three representing the Sen-
ate and thiee the House of Representatives,
who had been previously appointed, having
waited upon the Governor- elect at his
dwe'ling house, and at the hour of
half- past twelve, introduced Thomas
Mifflin into the Senate chamber and
was seated in front of the Speakers, The
Chiet Justice of the Common wealth, Thomas
McKean, in solemn form administered to
Mr. Mifflin the oath required by the Consti-
tution of the Commonwealth, and also the
oath required in the Constitution of the
United States, which said oaths severally be,
the said Thomas Mifflin, Governor-elect, took
and subscribed in the Senate chamber. The
Speaker and members of the Senate and
Speaker and members of the House of Rep-
resentatives, and the Governor,, then with-
drew from the Senate chamber in order to
proceed to the court house on High street,
agreeably to the following

Order ef Preeeanlen.

Constables with their Staffs.

Sub-Sheriffs with their Wands.

High Sheriff and Coroner with their Wands.

Judges ot the Supreme court and Judge of the

High court or Errors and Appeals.
Attorney general and Prothonotary of tke Su-
preme court.
Wardens of the Port of Philadelphia.
Treasurer, Comptroller and Register General.
Secretary ol the Land Office.
Receiver General and Surveyor General.
J usticee of the Peace.
Prothonotary of the Court of common Pleas and

Clerk of the Court of Quarter Sessions.

Clerk of the Mayor's Court and the Corporation.

Mayor, Recorder and Alderman.

Common couocll, two and two.

Master of the Rolls and Register of Wills.

Register of German Passengerd and ullectprof

Excise in the » lty and county ot Philadelphia.

Assistant secretary of Council.

secretary of council.
Members of Council, two and two.



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The Governor- elect.
Sergeant- at- Arms of the Senate.
ClerK of the Senate.
Speaker or tne Senate.
Members of the senate. t*o and two.
Doorkeeper of the Senate.
Sergeant-at-Arms of the House of Representa-
tives.
Assist int clerk of ditto.
Clerk of ditto.
Members of ditto, two and two.
Doorkeeper of ditto.
Provo and Faculty of the University and College,
two and two
Officers of the Mi Utla.
Citizens.
Arriving at the court bouse, the certificate
of the election of the Governor was read by
the Clerk of the Senate, when the official
proclamation was thrice made by the clerk
of the court declaring Thomas Mifflin Gov-
ernor of the Commonwealth of Pennsylva-
nia and Commander- in Chief of the Army
and Navy thereof. This being done the pro-
cession re-formed, returning to the Senate
chamber. The Governor was placed in the
Speaker's chair, the Speaker of the
Senate being seated on bis right
and the Speaker of the House of Representa-
tives being seated on his left, and the mem-
bers of both houses also being seated, the
joint committee of both houses standing.
The Governor was then pleased to rise
and say:
Inaacnrnl Addrem of fioveraer MlflllB.
Gentlemen of the Senate and House of
Representatives : There cannot be a subject
of fair congratulation, and that which the
establishment which the new constitution
presents at this time to every patriotic citi-
zen of Pennsylvania. The wisdom, the
candor and the liberality of the late conven-
tion have not only produced a system that
promises political energy and happiness to
the State, but have been the means of dif •
fusing the blessings of confidence and con-
cord among the people. A' just sense of the
common interest has happily prevailed and
for the advancement and security of that in-
terest, we are now convened to organize and
administer a government which has been
sanctioned by the warmest approbation and
is supported by the best wishes of our con-
stituents

The task assigned to us is not, however,
less difficult than it is important; for what-
ever we analyze the nature and extent of our
relative connection with the Union, or con-
template the increased population of the
Commonwealth, the extensive cultivation of
ber soil, the flourishing state of her com-



merce and the enterprising spirit of her in-
habitants, we shall be equally impressed
with the magnitude and variety of her ob-
jects that command the care and considera-
tion of the Government. But reflecting on
the other hand, that to cherish the springs
of national felicity and opnlence by encour-
aging industry, disseminating knowledge and
raising onr sociai contact upon the perma-
nent foundationf of liberty and virtue most
be pleasing to that being by whom the order
and harmony of the nnivese were established.
We shall find a great and constant consola-
tion amidst all the difficulties of prospecting
onr public duties, and are justified in the
grateful hope that our zeal and our labors
for the prosperity of our country will not be
vain and ineffectual.

I am sensible gentlemen, that the reputa-
tion and success of government depends in a
gree npon the conduct of its officers and the
good Ubderstanding that can subsist among
them. Permit me, therefore, to take this
first opportunity to bespeak a mutual confi-
dence between the legislative and executive
departments.

As public servants our duty, our interests
and our objects are the same, and so per-
fectly do I rely on yonr wisdom and integ-
rity that in every act, which can promote the
common weal which is necessary to accom-
plish the patriotic views of the Legislature*
you may be assured on my part of the most
cheerful assistance and ca-operation, while
on your part I am persuaded that I shall ex-
perience a cordial support in the constitu-
tional exercises of my official powers, since
next to the ambition of promoting the hap-
piness of our fellow citizens and of advanc-
ing the honor and reputation of the Com-
monwealth, I shall cherish the desire of con-
ciliating and preserving your esteem.

As soon, gentlemen, as the necessary ar-
rangements shall be made, I will lay before
you such business as will, in my opinion, re-
quire your attention in the present session.'*

This, the first inauguration day, was closed
with every demonstration of joy and respect,
such as the ringing of bells, tiring artillery,
etc, etc On the days following various
bodies of tradesmen and society organisations
waited npon the Governor and tendered their
congratulations, and upon the first day of
January, following, city councils, with the
mayor and recorder, waited upon bis Excel-
lency and formally congratulated him on his
accession to bis high office.



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Ble>«ra topical Sketch.

Thomas Mifflin, who was inaugurated with
considerable pomp for that period in the his-
toid of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania,
as her Governor, was born in Philadelphia
in 1744, of Quaker parentage. On the com-
pletion ef hi* education in the Philadelphia
College, now the University of Pennsylva-
nia, he entered a counting house He visited
Europe in 1765, and returning went into
mercantile pursuits, In 1772 he was chosen
to the Assembly from Philadelphia, and in
1774 a delegate to the first Continental Con-
gress. He was appointed major of one of
the first Pennsylvania battalions; accom-
panied Washington to Cambridge as aid-de-
camp; in Angust was made quartermaster
general; shortly afterward adjutant genera' ;
brigadier general March 16th, 1776, and
major general February 19th, 1777. He
commanded the covering party during the
retreat from Long Island. After the battle
of Germantown he resigned his position in
the army. In 1783 was elected a delegate to
Congress, of which body he was President
in 1783. He was member and 8peaker of
the Legislature in 1785; a delegate to the
convention to frame the Federal Constitu-
tion in 1787; president of the Supreme Ex-
ecutive Council from October, 1788, to De-
cember, 1790; president of the convention
which framed the Constitution of 1790; Gov-
ernor of the State from 1790 to 1799, and
died at Lancaster January 21st, 1800, while
serving as a member oi the Legislature, and
his remains lie intetred close to the wall
of Trinity Lutheran cbnrch. The Legisla-
ture of Pennsylvania in 1887 made an ap-
propriation for the erection of a soil able
monument, but the church authorities have
pertinaciously refused to allow the same to
be erected upon their ground.



NOTES AND QUERIES.



Hletorleml, Biographical aad Geaealoaieal.

CCLXXVII.

Old Timb Fbks— The following receipt
is interesting as a souvenir of old-time
charges :

Mr. Henry:

Please to pay the Bearer here One
Dollar it being for Shaving William Jevon



Online LibraryFrance) Société asiatique (ParisNotes and queries: Chiefly relating to Interior Pennsylvania, Volume 2 → online text (page 70 of 81)