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those which bad been presented, and to

? resent the same in person before the
xesbytery of Carlisle at its next meet-
ing." Eider J. W. Wier was subse-
quently added to this committee, which
met with the Presbytery of Carlisle, in
session at Silver Spring, October 3d,
1866, and presented a paper containing
three resolutions: The first, expressing



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gratification at the visit of the committee
from the Presbytery of Carlisle in April;
the second, declaring that the sameness
of standards, the past history and pres-
ent condition ot the Churches • 'demand
an increasing goodwill, fellowship,
communion and cooperation between
their membership and ministry, whether
we regard the immediate future before us
as a transition state to an organic union,
or the field of history for continued
separate action." Resolution third, given
in full, reads: 'That apart from certain
practical difficulties in the way of organic
union, which need not and should not be
permanent and unremovable, these two
great branches of the Presbyterian
Church in this country, together with the
minor branches of the same great faith,
eught to be one; and we trust that the
Spirit of God will so enlighten and
harmonize the sentiment of the great
majority of Presbyterians that all
personal interest and local diffi-
culties and special rivalries and repellant
opinions shall be carried away in the en*
Urging and deepening tide of a rectified
Christian opinion; and that thus the va-
rious branches of the water of
life now running parallel with
each other, and each weakened,
perhaps, by separate movement,
shall be united in one great 'river, the
streams whereof shall make glad the city
of our God;' thus exhibiting a glorious
fulfillment of the Redeemer's prayer
to the Father, 'that they may be one
even as we are one; I in thee and thou in
me, that they may be made perfect in
one, and that the world may know that
thou hast sent me and hast loved them as
thou hast loved me.' "

The reading of this paper by Mr. Wier
was followed with addresses by Drs. De-
Witt and Wibg, and the other members
of the committee. The venerable mod-
erator of Presbytery, Rev.Wm. P. Coch-
ran, responded in a very feeling address.
At an adjourned meeting, held on the
I8th of October, appropriate resolutions
in regard to this visit were passed, and
were communicated by letter to the Pres-
bytery of Harrisburg when in session,
April, 1867. Thus was a movement to-
ward union set on foot and well advanced
by these Presbyteries, partly anterior and



wholly independent of any action of
either of the General Assemblies.

A joint committee, appointed by the
two General Assemblies of 1866, made a-
report to the Assemblies of 1867, strongly
favoring reunion. This report was pub*
lished in the Appendix to the Minutes,
and the subject was commended to the
careful consideration of the whole
Church. In this way it came before the
Presbyteries of Carlisle ana Harrisburg,
at their meetings in October that year
(1867).

In the Presbytery of Carlisle, the com-
mittee on the minutes of the General As-
sembly presented a lengthy report which,
after some alterations, was adopted. Af-
ter expressing its desire for reunion and
defining the grounds on which it should be
accomplished, the report closes with these
words: "In thus giving expression to our
views on this subject as a Presbyteiy, we
desire to do it with all frankness; and yet
with Christian courtesy. We say from
the depth of our hearts, that we desire re-
union with the 'other branch;' and we-
rejoice to know that we are coming closer
and closer together on those great and
glorious and distinctive features of doc-
trine and polity which are embodied in
the confession of faith. No other reunion-
than this is worthy the name of union.
It would be but a union in form, and not
in spirit Alienations and divisions and
jealousies would be the fruits of it.
'Endeavoring to keep the unity of the-
Spirit in the bond of peace.' First pure,
then peaceable. ' "

Coming up in the same way in the
Presbytery of Harrisburg, the subject
received like favorable treatment We
give the following extract from the pre-
amble and resolutions adopted, which
will be found to correspond very closely
in sentiment, with the action had by the
Presbytery of Carlisle. "In view of the
lessons of God's word, the signs of the
times and the interests of the Redeemer's-
kingdom, we have reason to rejoice in
the strong desire so vividly manifested
for a more evident and hearty
union between the followers of
our Lord Jesus Christ, and especially
in the tendencies among those who hold
our honored and approved Presbyterian
system towards the manifestation of a



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4*



larger sympathy and more fraternal
recognition. The prospect of a formal
organic union between the two foremost
branches of the Presbyterian family,
which have been so long and so sadly
divided, affords us peculiar Joy. Be*
toloed I., That we hereby express our en*
tire satisfaction with the terms of reunion
which have been agreed upon by the
joint committee of the two General As-
semblies. II. That we distinctly protest
against any other formal basis for such
an arrangement, than an honest subscrip-
tion to the Confession of Faith, such as
was given by all officers of our Church
at the time of their ordination, and that
we regard no subscription to our stand-
ards as fair and honest which implies the
acceptance ot its articles merely tor 'sub*
stance of doctrine,' or in any sense con-
trary to their appropriate historical signi*
ncation, as opposed to Antinomianism
and Fatalism on the one hand, and to
Armenianism and Pelagianism on the
other."

Dr. DeWitt, who was deeply interested
in the subject of reunion, was not at this
meeting. His health was feeble, and he
was never again permitted to meet his
brethren in Presbytery or Synod. In his
absence he wrote a letter to Presbytery,
which was placed on record, and which
we here insert as entering into the his-
tory of the movement and possessing
mote than passing interesting.

Habrisbuhg, Oct. 18th, 1867.
To ths Prubytery of Earrisburg:—
Dear Bbbthren— Owing to feebleness,
the effect < f recent severe indisposition,
I am unable to attend the meeting of
Presbytery and Synod this fall. I ex-
ceedingly regret this, for, although, from
what I learn from the papers, there is
not much probability that the vote for
the union of the two branches of our
Church will prevail throughout the As-
semblies, yet so strongly am I impressed
with the conviction that such a union
would meet the approbation of the great
Head of the Church, and tend greatly
to her prosperity on the earth, that I am
anxious to have my vote recorded on the
minutes of our Presbytery in its behalf.
With the consent and approbation of
Presbytery, I earnestly request that it



may be so recorded . With sentiments of
great respect and esteem,

I remain yours, &c,

Wm. R. DeWitt.

There is no uncertain sound in either
of these papers, and it will be seen
from them that these Presbyteries were
already very fully prepared for the union
which was near at hand. We therefore
do not deem it needful to give in detail
their action subsequent to this and prior
to the categorical answer called for by
the Assemblies of 1869. This we would
say, however, that both Presbyteries re-
jected any and all attempts to substitute
anything else for the standards "pure
and simple," as the doctrinal basis of
union. Thus both, in taking action on
the plan sent down by the General As-
semblies of 1868, rejected that part of
the First or Doctrinal article which was
known among Old School men as the
* 'Smith and Gurley amendment." It is
that part of the arcticle which would
have it to be "understood that various
methods of viewing, stating, explaining
and illustrating the doctrines of the con-
fession, which do not impair the integ*
rity of the Reformed or Calvinistic sys*
tern, are to be freely allowed in the United
Church, as they have hitherto been al«*
lowed in the separate churches."

So strong was the influence brought to
bear on the General Assemblies of 1869,
from Presbyteries in both branches of the
Church and in all parts of the country,
that the objectionable feature was re*
moved from the doctrinal basis. This
and some other changes made in other
parts of the "Basis ot Union," it was
adopted by both the Assemblies, and it
was resolved that it "be sent down to
the Presbyteries for their approval or
disapproval, and each Presbytery is
hereby required to meet on or before the
15th day ot October, 1869, to express its
approval or disapproval of the same by a
categorical answer to the following ques*
tion: Do you approve of the reunion of
the two bodies now claiming the name
and rights of the Presbyterian Church in
the United States of America, on the fol-
lowing basis, viz: The reunion shall be
affected on the doctrinal and ecclesiasth
cal basis of our common standards; the
Scriptures of the Old and New Testa*



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ments shall be acknowledged to be the
inspired Word of God, and the only in-
fallible rale of faith and practice; the
Confession of Faith shall continue to be
sincerely received and adopted as con-
taining the system of doctrine taught in
the Holy Scriptures; and the Govern-
ment and Discipline of the Presbyterian
Church in the United States shall be ap-
proved as containing the priciples and
rules of our polity."

It may not be amiss for Presbyterians
to keep this basis in mind in these days
when tendencies to laxity and latitudi-
narianism may be seen in certain quarters
and the * 'Standards of the Church" are
held in low esteem. Upon no other basis
than this would either the Presbytery of
Harrisburg or Carlisle have voted for re-
union. But the question coming before
them on this basis met — in one of them
with no and in the other with but little
opposition. In the Presbytery of Har-
risburg, in session at York, October 19th,
after a full opportunity had been given
for the expression of the views and feel-
ings of each member, and after a season
of solemn prayer, the question was an-
swered in the affirmative by a unanimous
rising vote.

When the question came up in the
Presbytery of Carlisle, in session at
Waynesboro, October 6th, the calling of
the roll being asked for, forty-three
voted in the affirmative, and six in the
negative; whereupon, on motion of one
of the members who voted in the nega-
tive, seconded by another, it was "Rs-
tolved, 1st, That the vote be made unani*
mous, and 2nd, that we will do all we
can to make the union a great and per*
manent and glorious success;" after
which Presbytery was led in prayer by
Rev. Thomas Creigh, D. D.

When an adjourned meeting of the
General Assemblies was held at Pitt*,
burg on the 10th of November, 1869, it
was found that of the one hundred and
forty- four Presbyteries in the two As-
semblies, one hundred and twenty six
had answered the overture sent down,
affirmatively, in writing, three negatively
—one of these (Rio de Janeiro) being a
foreign Presbytery.

In rearranging the Presbyteries after
the reunion, "by geographical lines, "the



ministers and churches of the Presbytery
of Harrisburg were distributed in three
Presbyteries— Northumberland, Carlisle
and Westminster. Carlisle First, with
Dr. Wing its pastor; Harrisburg First,
with Dr. Robinson its pastor, and Dau-
phin, with Rev. D. C. Meeker its pastor,
fell within the bounds of their old Pres«
bytery— Carlisle. Whilst York, which
had belonged to the Presbytery of Car-
lisle before the division, was set over to
the Presbytery of Westminster. Ky the
operation of the same rule the Presby-
tery of Carlisle lost Monaghan church,
at uillsburg, Pa., having no pastor; and
in the State of Maryland, Bmmittsburg
and Piney Creek churches, with Rev.
Isaac M. Patterson, their pastor; Hagers-
town, with Rev. Trkm Edwards, D. D.,
pastor; Williamsport, with Rev. George
G. Smith pastor; Cumberland, with Rev.
James D. Fitzgerald pastor; Lonaconing
and Barton, with Rev. Alexander T.
Rankin pastor; Frostburg and Clear
Spring vacant; Hancock, having as
stated supply a member of the Presby*
tery of Winchester, and Martinsburg,
W. Va., which had just called Rev. fl.
W. Biggs, of the Presbytery of Chilli-
cothe — twelve churches in all. Of these,
Monaghan was set over to the Presby-
tery of Westminster, and the churches
and their pastors in the 8tate of Mary-
land and Martinsburg, W. Va , to the
Presbytery of Baltimore. Thus the net
loss of churches to the Presbytery of
Carlisle was nine.

In another article we shall speak briefly
of the Presbytery of Carlisle after the
reunion.

MOTKS AND QUBBIBS.
HUtorieal, Biographical and Genealogical,

CLV.

Ashmah (N. <fc Q. cJ&)— You are in
error in regard to George Ashman being
born in Gunpowder Neck, Cecil county.
That place is now in Harford county,
which was formed in 1774, but at the
time spoken of was in Baltimore county,
Maryland. 0. J.

Elkton, Md.

John Franklin.— From Kline's Car-



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&



lisle Oaeette for Wednesday, Oct. 8, 1787,
we bave the following:

"We hear from Wilkesburg, in the
county of Luzerne, that a court was held
there laat week in the most peaceful
manner. Two bills, it is said, were
found against John Franklin for riot and
trespass, and for assault and battery.
This incendiary, we are told, has re-
treated to Tioga, where he is stimulating
a body of vagrants to commit fresh acts
of rebellion and treason against the gov-
ernment of Pennsylvania.

A Puritan Descendant.— Few there
are amongst the school children of fifty
years ago who have not a vivid recollec-
tion of the pictures in the school histories
of the landing of the Pilgrim Fathers in
1620 amidst the blinding snow and
piercing winds of a bleak December. So
interested were they in this picture that
the mere mention of "Plymouth Rock"
revives the memories of tbe school days
of yore. Among those who landed from
the Mayflower was John Carver and his
family consisting of eight persons. He
was elected the first Governor of this
pious band and died in a short time after-
wards. As late as 1755 he had a grand •
son residing at Mansfield, Massachusetts,
in which year he died at the extreme
age of 102 years. In this same year he
was seen laboring in the field with his
son, grand son, and great grand son,
while an infant of the fifth generation
was in his house. It is not known by
tbe people of Central Pennsylvania that
a descendant of the first Governor of the
Plymouth Colony resided in Perry coun-
ty, at Duncan non. Recently, while on
a short visit to the above p'ace we vis-
ited the beautiful cemetery of the Lu-
theran and United Brethren, and therein
we found a recently erected tombstone of
Scotch granite with the following inscrip-
tion :

Reuben W. Carver,
Ben of

Jabish Carver,

Who wa$ the son of Jabez,

son of Jonathan, ton of

Nathaniel eon of Eleazer

eon of Qov. John Carver,

who landed at Plymouth Rock,

Dee. 21.1620,



teas born at Taunton, Mase.,

Oct. S, 1807,
and died at Duncannon, Pa.,

Oct. 25 t 1885,
aged 78 years and 22 days.
Upon inqury we were informed that he
was a nailer by occupation and hence
settled at Duncannon, where is located
a large nail factory. His widow yet re-
sides there. b. w. s. p.



JOUBSIAL OF UAPTAJN GIST.



II.



Tuesday 18th. Oae of our Indians did
not come to camp, so we, finding the
waters lower very fast, were obliged to
go and leave our Indians.

Wednesday, 19th. We set out about
seven or eight miles and encamped, and
the next day

Thursday, 20th. About twenty miles,
where we were stopped by ice, and
worked until night.

Friday, 21st. The ice was so hard we
could not break our way through, but
were obliged to haul our vessels across a
point of land and put them in the creek
again. The Indians and three French
canoes overtook us here, and the people
of one. French canoe that was lost, with
her cargo of powder and lead. This
night we encamped about twenty miles
above Venango.

Saturday, 22d. Set out. The creek
began to be very low, and we were forced
to get out to keep our canoe from upset-
ting several times, the water freezing to
our clothes, and we had the pleasure of
seeing the French overset, and the
brandy and wine floating in the creek,
and run by them, and left them to shift
by themselves. Came to Venango and
met with our people and horses.

Sunday, 23d. We set out from Ve-
nango, travelled about five miles to Lai
comick creek.

Monday, 24th. Here Major Washing
ton set out on foot in Indian dress. Our
horses grew weak, then we were mostly
obliged to travel on foot, and had snow
all day. Encamped near the barrens.

Tuesday, 25th. Set out and travelled
on foot to branches of Great Beaver
creek.



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Wednesday, 26th. The Major desired
me to set out on foot, and leave our com*
pany, as the creeks were frozen, and oar
horses could make hut little way. In-
deed, I was unwilling he should under-
take such a travel, who had never been
used to walking before this time. But at
he insisted on it, I set out with our packs,
like Indians, and traveled eighteen mile*.
That night we lodged at an Indian cabin,
«nd the Major was much fatigued. It was
very cold; all the small runs were frozen
that we could hardly get water to drink.

Thursday, 27th. We rose early in the
morning and set out about 2 o'clock. Got
to the ^furthering town, on the south-
east fork of Beaver creek. Here we met
with an Indian whom I thought I had
teen at Joncaire's, at Venango, when on
our journey up to the French fort This
fellow called me by an Indian name, and
pretended to be glad to see me. He
asked us several questions as how we
came to travel on foot when we left Ve<*
nango, where we parted with our horses,
and when they would be there, &c. Major
Washington insisted on traveling on the
nearest way to the forks of the Alle-
ghany. We asked the Indian if he could
go with us and show us the nearest way.
The Indian seemed very glad and ready
to go with us. Upon which we set out,
and the Indian took the Major's pack.
We traveled very brisk for eight or ten
miles, when the Major's feet grew very
tore, and he very weary, and the Indian
steered too much northeastwardly. The
Major desired to encamp, to which the
Indian askad to carry hie gun. But he
Tefused that, and when the Indian grew
churlish and pressed us to keep on, tell-
ing us that there were Ottawa Indians
in these woods, and they would
-scalp us if we lay out; but go
to his cabin, and we should be safe. I
thought very ill of the fellow, but did
not care to let the major know I distrusted
him. But he soon mistrusted him as
much as I. He said he could hear a gun
to his cabin, and steered us more norths
wardly. We grew uneasy, and then he
said two whoops might be heard to his
-cabin. We went two miles further; then
the Major said he would stop at the next
water, and we desired the Indian to stop
«t the next water. But before we came



to water we came to a clear meadow; it
was very light and snow on the ground.
The Indian made a stop, turned about
The Major saw him point bis gun toward
us and fire. Said the Major, "Are you
shot?" "No," said I. Upon which the
Indian run forward to a big standing
white oak, and to loading his gun; but
we were soon with him. I would have
killed him; but the Major would not suf-
fer me to kill him. We let him charge
his gun; we found he put in a ball; then
we took care of him. The Major or I
always stood by the guns; we made him
make a fire for us by a little run, as if
we intended to sleep there. I said to the
Major, "As you will not have him killed
we must get him away, and then we
must travel all night ,r Upon which I
said to the Indian, "I suppose you were
lost and fired your gun." He said, be
knew the way to his cabin, and 'twas but
a little way. "Well," said I, "do you
go home; and say we are much tired, we
will follow your track in the morning;
and here is a cake of bread for you, and
you must give us meat in the morning."
He was glad to get away. I followed
him, and listened until he was fairly out
of the way, and then set out about half
mile, when we made a fire, set our com-
pass and fixed our course, and traveled
all night, and in the morning we were at
the head of Piney creek.

Friday, 28th . We traveled all the next
day down the said creek, and just at night
found some tracks where Indians had
been hunting. We parted, and appointed
a place a distance oft where to meet it
being dark. We encamped, and thought
ourselves safe enough to sleep.

Saturday, 29th. We set out early, got
to Alleghany, made a raft, and with much
difficulty got over to an island, a little
above Shannopin's town. The Major
having fallen in from off the raft and my
fingers frost-bitten, and the sun down,
and very cold, we contented ourselves to
encamp upon that island. It was deep
water between us and the shore; but the
cold did us some service, for in the morn*
ing it was frozen hard enough for us to
pass over on the ice.

Sunday, 80th. We set out about ten
miles to John Frazier's, at Turtle creek,
and rested that evening.



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Monday, 81st. Next day we waited
on Queen Alliquippa. who lives now at
the month of the Toughiogany. She said
she would never go down to the river
Alleghany to live, except the English
built a fort, and then she would go and
live there.

Tuesday, 1st January, 1754, We set
out from John Frazier's, and at night en-
camped at Jacob's cabins.

Wednesday, 2nd. Bet out and crossed
Toughiogany on the ice. Got to my
house In the new settlement.
Thursday, 8d. Rain.
Friday, 14th. Set out for Will's creek,
where we arrived on Sunday, January
6th.

"HI8TOIRE De la PEN8YLVANIE."
I have a book with the following title
page:

Histoire

Naturelle Et Politique

Dela

Pensylvanie.

Et

De l'etablissement

DE3 QUAKERS

Dans Cette Contree.

Traduite de 1' Allemand.

P. M. D. S. Censemr Royal

Precedee d'une Carte Geographique,

»

A PARIS.

Chez GANE AU.Libraire, Rue S.Beverin.

Aux Armes de Dombes.



M.DCC.LXVIII.
Avec Approbation & Privilege du RoL

This book was originally written and
published in German about 1755 and sub-
sequently was translated and published
in French in 1768. (Referred to in Note*
and Querie$ historical, vol. 1, p. 581.)
It was thought to have been written for
the purpose of staying the tide of migra-
tion to this country from Germany, and
was translated and published in France
for the same purpose. It gives a some*
what gloomy view of the situation of
affairs in this country for the foreign
emigrant, especially of the German por-
tion, who came without means and were
•old to pay the expense of the voyage.
The writer was Gottlieb Von Mittelberger,



and it was translated into French by M.
Rouselot de Surgey.

The author commences as follows:

"I departed in the month of May,
1750, from Enzweyhingen, my country,
in the bail wick of Vaihingen.and went to-
Hailbrouc, where I found an organ des-
tined for Philadelphia in Pensylvania.
I took charge of it and embarked my-
self on the Rhine for Rotterdam. From
there I went to Eaupp, in England, on a
vessel which transported to America
about 400 persons from Germany, from
the Cantons of Wirtemberg, from Dour-
lach, from the Palatinat and frcm Switz-
erland. After nine days in port, we
spread our sails, and in fine landed on the
10th of October, 1750, at Philadelphia,
the capital of Pensylvania."

He exaggerates the length and hard-
ships of the voyage, making the distance
1,700 leagues, and the time six months.
He particularly descants upon the foul air
in the vessels, the diseases engendered,
want of care and proper food, &c., which
renders those diseases more virulent and
fatal, and in every way seeks to make a
sea voyage from Germany a terror to his
readers.

He concludes his discussion of these
points by the following reflection :

"Happy, if this recital will open the
eyes of the people of Germany, and bring
the Princes and Lords of the Empire to-
close the entry of their Ports to those
odious traffickers in men, whose labors-



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