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Genealogy of Hugh Stewart
FRANCENIA STEWART WHITE
ESTHER STEWART HUNT ub ,tf.(, VJ
EMMA STEWART LYMAN 3.« r S*ur*_*,J
1892 - 1895
THE F. J. HEER PRINTING COMPANY
THE NEW Y9BX
ASTOB, LENOX AND
* 1951 L
3n fflv tmiry of iEetljer,
To whose Devotion and Love of family we are
indebted for much of the material, these pages
are dedicated as fulfilling her loyal thought and
desire of years.
F. S. W. E. S. L.
" They are not long, the weeping and the laughter,
Love and desire and hate,
I think they have no portion in us after
We pass the Gate!"
There are several names that were unintentionally omitted in the
proper places, but have been numbered in such a way as to indicate their
positions in their respective families.
EXPLANATION OF ABBREVIATIONS.
b — born, m — married, d — died.
In tracing the generations we have adopted the simple plan of be-
ginning with Hugh Stewart, the earliest family name of which we have
knowledge, calling him Hugh 1 (first generation). Each child of his is,
in turn, following name, 2 (2nd generation) ; each grandchild, 3 (3rd gen-
eration) ; each great grandchild 4 (4th generation) ; each great great
grandchild is 5 (5th generation), etc. This is the key that will enable
anyone quickly to trace each person without trouble, but be sure to
get it fixed in your mind, at the start.
Badge — Oak.
Slogan or War-cry — Creag-an-Sgairbli. (A rock in April.)
Arms — Or, a Fesse cheguy. Ar., and Az., surmounted of a bend engr.,
Gu., within a double tressure, flory-counter-flory, of the last.
Crest — A Pelican Ar.. winged Or., in her nest, feeding young, P. P. R.
Motto — Yivescit
vulnere virtus. ( Virtue when wounded flourishes.) —
Or. (gold) Generosky.
Ar. (silver) Peace and Sincerity.
Gu. (red) Military Fortitude.
Az. (blue) Truth and Loyalty.
The Fesse represents the belt of honor worn by a knight. It was
first granted cheguy Ar., and Az., to the Stewart family of Scotland, and
symbolized by its colors, Peace and Sincerity, Truth aiid Loyalty, and by
its square figures. Verity, Constancy, Equity and "the square "deal."
The Rend represents the scarf of honor worn by a knight to support
his sword. Being engrailed shows that a grant of land was given at some
time for service. The Tressure is an emblem of Protection and Preserva-
tion. The Pelican feeding her young is emblematical of the duties of a
parent. This symbol has often been used by the church as the emblem
of devoted and self-sacrificing charity.
Xote — The crest belongs to the Philadelphia Stewarts who came
over from Glasgow 1745 to 1750— (1915).
The effort to rescue from oblivion the family history
of this special line of the Stewarts, (or as some of the
family have spelled it, "Stuart,") begun in 1^93-95, anf l was ror
several reasons, discontinued by the compilers who are now in
1912 undertaking it again.
The usual difficulties had been encountered, of not obtaining
the desired information from those not especially interested,
letters, many of them, being unanswered and often when re-
ceived, not giving full data of births, marriages and deaths;
so if any family, or member of a family, is not fully represented,
it is largely due to that family itself. It has been a wearisome
labor, but one of interest and devotion, to the wish to rescue
what we have of the records of a family that has been worth-
while, in their niche, in the structure of our country, — "Such an
interesting family", exclaimed one young descendant. It is not
easy to trace early American families at the best, and the com-
pilers of this record came upon a stone wall beyond the date of
Hugh's (1) birth, and the fact that he did have a father who
came to America, except traditions. Even Hugh's birth, given
at Philadelphia, December 19th, 1757, may have been at some
point near the mouth of the Schuylkill River. Chambersburg,
Pa., insistently re-appears, and at some time may have been the
home of our first ancestors, and the "wolf story", though tra-
dition, after the "quarrel" sent them southward, toward Balti-
more. This tradition says that one Robert lies buried there.
After sifting and comparing, the compilers, with limited
time and opportunity, gave their best efforts to the "clan", be-
lieving that a more personal search of records, old deeds, etc.,
would unravel much that is now unaccounted for, hoping that
someone of the younger generation, with this for a foundation,
will be interested enough to devote time and means to a more
developed record, especially of the early line and the scattered
"For so the ark be borne to Zion, who
Heeds how they perished or were paid that bore it?
For so the shrine abide, what shame — what pride
If we the priests were bound or crowned before it?"
It has been suggested from a similarity of names and dates
and the exile into Ireland soon after 1665, that a family con-
nection may be traceable from John Stewart, Glasgow, Scotland,
as Robert, his son, born 1665, at Glasgow, and died in Ireland,
1730, had three sons, Samuel, Robert and Hugh. That Samuel
and Hugh came to America, and Samuel settled at Chestnut
Level, Pa., and Hugh, at Peshtauk. These repeated family
names, with that of Robert, lead the compilers of this record
to urge any Stuarts, Stewarts, Stewards, or Stuards who may
have corroborating data, to communicate with the compilers, that
the mystery behind the stone wall of 1757, (Hugh's birth,) may
be solved. — See Dr. Hugh C. Stewart's letter.
This record taken from a venerable book owned by James
Finney Stewart, of a Stewart line, is as follows :
"It is a genealogical record, tracing them back to the an-
cestor from which sprang the royal house of Stewart, and that
long line of kings and queens, ending in Edward VII King of
England. History says that Alan, son of Flahald, a Norman,
accompanied the Conqueror into England, A. D. 1066, obtain-
ing by his gifts, the land and castle of Owestry in Shropshire.
Alan's eldest son William is ancestor of the Duke of Norfolk.
Alan's second son, Walter, passed into Scotland, entered the
service of David I as his Steward, and received from him large
possessions, and the title of Baron of Renfrew, which is one of
the titles inherited by King Edward VII.
"The office of Steward became hereditary in the family,
and was assumed by them as a surname, the Gaelic word mean-
ing, the Lord High, or the High Lord, or the Lord next to the
King in power. The orthography of the name was changed, by
Mary, Queen of Scots, when she returned from France,
turning up her pretty nose at everything Scotch, and introduc-
ing French manners and customs. She used the French spelling
to which she had been accustomed. The French alphabet had
no W in it. This spelling was adopted by many clansmen, es-
pecially those who adhered to the Church of Rome.
"For seven generations, the Stewardship of Scotland de-
scended without a break from father to son. Walter, the sixth
Steward, married Marjory, daughter of Robert Bruce, and their
son, the seventh Steward of Scotland, ascended the throne on
the death of David II, taking the title of Robert II and by mar-
riage or descent, we find his descendants on nearly every throne
of Europe. In the seventeenth century, a Scotch Covenanter,
John Stewart, fled from Scotland to County Down, [reland, to
escape penalties incurred for non-compliance with Royal edicts
respecting" religions worship. I lis two grandsons, Samuel and
Hugh, came to America, and settled in the Lancaster Province
of Pennsylvania. Samuel's first son, Elijah, died in 1807. and
his widow, with seven children, moved to Ohio with her family."'
EXTRACT FROM LETTER WRITTEN BY ESTHER STEWART
"Speaking of great grand father Hugh's brother, my grand-
father (Rohert), used to while away a little time, when I could
stop a minute, in those last years when he was under my father's
roof, to talk ahout old times ; and one thing he told me. was this :
That his father, (Hugh,) had a hrother in England, who had
four sons, all of whom held positions under the Crown. One
was Purser in the Navy, the rest, I can not now remember. When
they would get letters telling his father. (Hugh.) to come on and
secure good places for his boys, his mother (Margaret) would
become perfectly iurious. 'Nothing 1 ', grandfather would say
'ever roused the "Scotch" in her so much.' .Then he would tell
of the Stewarts being Catholics, and the name under the ban,
until legitimatized at Rome, and say: 'When you read history
you will know', not thinking that he knew the records, and I did
"Hugh (0 Stewart held a great bitterness toward the Stuart
kings, and repeatedly said, 'If I thought a drop of the blood of
those cruel and idiotic Stuart Kings, was left in my veins. I
would open a vein and spill it on the ground.'
"Rather mixed statements have existed in the family in re-
gard to the change, at some time, in the spelling of the name.
Since this record was nearing completion we have learned from
a resident of Washington, D. C, that Hugh Stewart changed
the spellling of the name after his enlistment, and marriage, from
Stewart to Steward, as it was under this name he owned slaves,
by the census report of 1700, at Hagerstown, Md., and the
tradition that gt. grandmother and gt. uncle George changed the
spelling is accurate, as gt. grandmother could never 'abide' the
'Steward' form, so, before going to Ohio resumed the form of
spelling, as the legal one, used at his enlistment and marriage.
Gt. uncle George, who must have known more than any one
else of the change made, took the original form of Stuart and
always retained it. Others in the family used it, but probably
for legal reasons, finally, kept the form Stewart. It is said that
two Hugh Stewarts in the Revolutionary War, were great friends,
and agreed to take the old Anglo Saxon form of Steward and
gt. grandfather may have been one of these.
"In spite of this love of name however, he called his
older children together about the time they left Hagerstown,.
some have it later, and showed them an iron casket containing
records of the family lineage very far back, and gained their
youthful and inexperienced consent, to their concealment or
destruction. If this family could, however, trace a title clear
back to Robert Bruce, from whom all the Roberts gained their
name, they would have no more reason for pride, than they now
have, in a race that has furnished distinguished men and women
to the ministry, the mission field, law. medicine, art, engineering,
literature, and the home; a large part of them sustaining, in every
community in which they reside, their share of all advancement;
hence the character and noble lives of his children and descend-
ants speak better for Hugh (i) than any other record."
LETTER FROM DR. HUGH C. STEWART, OF BLOOMIXG-
Written about 1883 or 1884, to Archibald Stuart Dunlap, M. D., Chatta-
nooga, Tenn., son of Archibald, eighth child of Hugh
Note. — My father leaving home at a very early age, and never re-
turning, could have had only oral traditions, and childhood impressions,
and as in some dates and facts they differ from the data from other
branches of the family, I have done the justice to make the record con-
form more nearly to known facts and dates.
Fannie Stewart White.
LETTER OF DR. II. C. STEWAR I
"Our grandfather Stuart, or Stewart, who was probably the
grandson of the Scotch Covenanter who was driven into the north
of Ireland, and given a large extent of territory, and who, one
tradition says, married into the family of the 'Lords of the Isles';
by which marriage there was a large family, some of whom were
recalled to Scotland, and given high honors. Sifting and explain-
ing traditions, this would account for that one, of the many-
times, gt. grandmother, who, with an infant in her arms, was one
of those driven into exile ; weary and exhausted, fell by the way-
side, and was left by the brutal soldiery to perish, but with the
pluck and courage of her ancestry, crept under the shelter of
a hay-rick and rested that night, rejoining the exiled clans-
men before reaching the border. Whether the founder of the
family was one of those who returned to Scotland, and hence
emigrated to America in 1745-47, for espousing the cause of
Charles Edward, the Cavalier, or young Pretender, or for the
same cause was pronounced a 'malignant, and dangerous to the
Crown', was compelled to come to America, would account for a
tradition of a strain of Irish hlood among the forbears. Our
first ancestor, name unknown, whether of Scotch or Scotch-Irish,
lineage, married a Scotch lassie, name and date unknown, and emi-
grated to America, settled at Philadelphia, or near there, and
owned land and extensive stone quarries at the mouth of the
Schuylkill River. He made contracts for building houses in
Philadelphia, superintended quarrying and loading stone on
scows, and floating them down that river to the Delaware, and
up to Philadelphia. Our Father, Hugh (1) supervised the con-
tracts for walls and buildings, in many of the old structures in
that city. He was one of the City Guards, the medium in those
days to national enlistment, during the Revolutionary War, but
secured a discharge at the time of his marriage to Margaret
Roxburgh Smith, and moved to what was called the back part
of Pennsylvania, and shortly afterward went to Md., and settled,
on the land of Gen'l. Spregg."
It was soon after his marriage, one year being spent in
Carlisle, (or possibly Greencastle), when he contracted for the
building of a large manor house on General Samuel Ring-
gold's land, which contained some 13,000 acres occupied by ten-
antry. The mansion which father as superintendent, built, was
one hundred feet long with two wings running back making the
whole length three hundred feet. At this time Gen. Ringgold, be-
ing British and a Tory, and becoming encumbered with debts, re-
turned to England, and father being one of the largest debtors
remained there in care of the estate, intending to purchase.
About this time, 1786 or 1790, having settled among slave own-
ers, to keep peace in the community, he purchased several slaves,
but the family, especially my mother, did not like the system,
considering it demoralizing, and in a short time he manumitted
them and employed free negroes, which caused great animosity
among the people, and the slave traders, who once more were
plying their nefarious trade in the Cheseapeake Bay- During
these years at Ringgold Manor, father amassed considerable
money, and had determined to purchase it, but the slave trouble
caused him to consider locating in a free State, so, after a tur-
bulent time with the slave traders, he removed to Greencastle,
Pa., (1798 to 1802).
"A statement in the family says he was obliged on account
of the law making the owner responsible for the crimes of freed
slaves, to take them with him into a free state. Here he es-
tablished, at that date, (about 1802, ) a merchantile business, which
he left under the capable direction of his wife Margaret (1)
and his two eldest children, George and Elizabeth, while he
continued contracting until their removal to Ohio.
"In 1804, as I have been told, he went with his son-in-law,
Thomas Fullerton, to Ohio, where he purchased several thou-
sand acres of land of the 'Lucas Survey', in Ross County, at-
tracted there by the Sutherlands, half brothers of his wife and
30ns of Elizabeth Roxburgh Smith, who had married Daniel
Sutherland, about 1768, and moved to Ohio, dying in 1788. This
.and was on the north Fork of Paint Creek, opposite old Chil-
'icothe, now called Frankfort, it being formerly an Indian town.
"The land was leased to tenants and in a year or two the
rent-corn amounted to many thousand bushels, so by 1807 corn
.vas very plentiful, and -eery low in price, but whiskey was very
high and scarce, so Father thought to send James with two fine
.arge copper stills, for the purpose of converting the corn into
.vhiskey. In 1807 James left Greencastle, Pa., well provided
with clothing, books and household effects, accompanied by a
young couple, he, to distill, and she, to keep house. < m the 4U1
day of December they arrived at the place above named, and com-
menced the diabolical work of distilling liquid damnation, con-
sidered a very legitimate business for money-making, at that day
as it still is in this."
"On the 9th day of Feb. [809, father, together with his
family, arrived at our new home and found uncle Robert Suther-
land, who was already in Ohio, awaiting our coming, and wishing
to please the youngsters who would be hungry, had prepared a
large ash-cake, baked in one of the still furnaces. 7 '
So far as we have been able to judge, Margaret Roxburgh
Smith was cut off equally from her family, from this time, except
her mother in Ohio, and "Aunt Betsy" — Lady Dalrymple.
In closing my work on this record, simple justice impels me
to say to the good people who will read this book, that, more than
to anyone, they are indebted for it, to Emma Stewart Lyman,
who has never faltered in her purpose to see it completed ; having
for over two years, given to it in unstinted measure, of time,
thought, and means. Pure in purpose, indomitable in will, ab-
solutely refusing to be discouraged though heavily handicapped,
she has steadily worked on, full of enthusiasm and hope, de-
termined to see these records put into shape to be useful to
those, who in a few years more, could not find a link to bind
them to their "forbears", and the remote past.
Every one who reads this volume, and prizes it as he should,
ought to breathe a prayer of thanks, that one so capable, patient,
and painstaking should have turned aside in her busy life, to write
for the generations to come, of the good men and women who
have helped to make the world better.
"To die generation knocking at the door —
Break — break it open; let the knocker rust;
Consider no "shalt not" nor no man's must;
And, being entered, promptly take the lead,
Setting aside tradition, custom, creed;
Nor watch the balance of the hucksters beam ;
Declare your hardest thought, your proudest dream.
Await no summons; laugh at all rebuff;
High hearts and you are destiny enough.
The mystery and power enshrined in you
Are old as time, and as the moment new;
And none but you can tell what part you play,
Nor can you tell until you make assay;
For this alone, this always will succeed,
The miracle and magic of the deed."
Fannie Stewart White.
Columbus, O., June 1914.
I. George ] 15
II. Elizabeth 17
III. Martha 50
IV. James 52
VI. Robert 73
VII. Margaret 106
VIII. Archibald 117
IX. Sarah 121
XIII. Mary 138
XIV. Hugh 149
GENEALOGY OF HUGH STEWART
AND HIS DESCENDANTS
FULLERTON . . ELIZABETH
GILLESPIE . . . MARTHA
NYE-GILLESPIE . MARGARET
USTICK ...... MARY
THE NEW YORK
ASTOK. LENOX AND
HUGH AND MARGARET (STEWART)
"Our clear Mother's Pedigree", written by Robert Stewart
for Esther Stewart Hunt, and in bis handwriting, now in pos-
session of Ethel Hunt Tracy, of San Diego, Calif.
"Adam Roxburgh, (See record of dau. Elizabeth Rox-
m. 1750. burgh Dalrymple.
Margaret — name unknown.
Elizabeth Roxburgh, (Elizabeth was a sister of Adam
m. Nov. 11, 1757, Phila., Pa., and an aunt of Elizabeth Rox-
David Smith. burgh Dalrymple.
(d. 1788, Frankfort, Ohio.
CHILDREN — SMITH
1. John Smith, ( b.
(d. Dec. 12, 1760, Phila., Pa.
2. Alexander Smith, (b.
(d. Aug. 2G, 17(32, Phila., Pa.
3. Margaret Roxburgh Smith, only living child of this marriage.
Elizabeth Roxburgh Smith,
m. Aug. 17, 1768, Phila., Pa.,
(And left at once for Ohio.
CHILDREN — SUTHERLAND
Robert Sutherland, (b. Mar. 3, 1770, Frankfort, Ohio.
m . (no record ) (d.
James Sutherland, ( b. Dec. 25, 1773, Frankfort. Ohio.
m . (no record) (d.
Margaret Roxburgh Smith, (b. Aug. 25, 1763, Phila., Pa.
m. Sept. 16, 1780, Phila., Pa., (d May 22, 1842, Bloomingburgh,
Hugh Stewart.* b. Dec. 19, 1757, Phila., Fa. ( ? ).
(d. May 1, 1824, Frankfort, O.
m. London, Eng., b( July 4, 1759, Phila., Pa.
Sir Hew or Hugh Dalrymple, Col. Dalrymple of the British
* This marriage is on record (1892) in a little parish church on
Chestnut Street, Philadelphia, Pa.
2 Hugh and Margaret (Stewart.)
"Elizabeth Roxburgh, (aunt Betsy,) dau. of Adam and
Margaret Roxburgh, and aunt of Margaret Roxburgh (Smith)
Stewart, was the one who was captured at sea, during the Revo-
lutionary War, and taken to England, where she was com-
pelled to do nursing in Chelsea Hospital, London, and there she
met Sir Hew or Hugh Dalrymple, who fell in love with, and
married her. A miniature painted on ivory of this beautiful
woman, is now in possession of Florence Stewart Ustick, of
Washington, C. H., Ohio, who received it from her aunt, Mary
Elizabeth Ustick, who in turn received it from Mary Stewart
Ustick, her mother, who doubtless received it from her mother.
Margaret Roxburgh (Smith) Stewart, niece of Elizabeth
All trace of this branch is lost.
Note : — Elizabeth Dalrymple was daughter of Elizabeth Roxburgh
and sister to Margaret Roxburgh (Smith) Stewart.
Adam Roxburgh and his sister Elizabeth may have been born
in Scotland, since their accent was very pronounced. There is a
statement that Elizabeth Roxburgh-Smith, when she remarried,
left at once for Ohio. We may then infer that Elizabeth, (Lady
Dalrymple,) and her sister Margaret remained in Philadelphia
with their Roxburgh relatives, since that is where both married.
A tradition tells that Elizabeth first married a British officer
by the name of Whyte, of Scotch descent, and went to England,
where he was hunting on the estate of the Marquis of Townsend,
and was shot by the Marquis by accident, and Elizabeth returned
to Philadelphia, and near the close of the Revolutionary War,
the event of her capture occurred and her subsequent marriage
to Lord Dalrymple.
THE ROXBURGH LINE.
Adam Roxburgh married Margaret.
Elizabeth Roxburgh, sister of Adam,
ist m. Smith, 2nd m. Sutherland.
Elizabeth 2 (Lady Dalrymple).
ist m. Whyte, 2nd m. Dalrymple.
Margaret m. Hugh Stewart.
EXTRACT FROM LETTER 1893, ESTHER STEWART HUNT.
"Hugh Stewart, our first known ancestor, parted in such a
violent quarrel from his father, that he was never known to
Hugh and Margaret (Stewart.) 3
speak his father's name, nor mention a brother or sister. Even
that of the brother writing from England, being secreted. Two
possible reasons have been assigned for this: one, the second mar-
riage of his father; hut as this need not have torn him asunder
from brothers and sisters, the more probable one was bis own
marriage into the Roxburgh family, and the deadly hatred of the
Stuart and Roxburgh clans in feudal warfare, on Scotland's
border, as a result of 'lifting' each other's cattle. That his
marriage to Margaret, whose mother was Elizabeth Roxburgh,
Sept. 16, 1780, was of serious moment enough to secure a dis-
charge from George Washington at this dark and discouraging
year of the war, and the instant leaving of the city, is an unex-
plained circumstance, save as "a malignant and dangerous to the
crown," and to avoid family disagreement.
"While a mere boy he had espoused the cause of Liberty,
joining as a private, Capt. Richard Barrett's Company, of major
Nicholas' City Guards. What a wedding journey that must have
been ! when, as the custom was, in those days, he placed his
young wife Margaret on a horse with their possessions, and
walked by her side to Carlisle, Pa., where they began life in a
small house, because, when they wanted to make secure the
eight hundred pounds of their wealth, she lifted the puncheon
floor and put the money under. Here it was, too, that she ripped