Noble and Steele. I doubt if any other workers in England would have accomplished the
result under such apparently absolutely hopeless circumstances. I enclose the John
Tours most sincerely,
* Letter from Mr. Lothrop Withington.
TROWBRIDGE GENEALOGY 35
Will of John Tkowbridge, Senior, of Taunton.*
will au(i Testament minciipalive ot
idge of Tauntou in the County of Som'stt
aper Deceased made and publislied by word of
the tifte day of July Anno Dni llU'J In the
nd heareing ot Georse Serle Esci and
as Trowbridg' his Sonne and John Tiowbrids;'
his Grandchild in manner and forme following
Deceased beeing of perfect mynde and
inference betweene him and the said George
luntarilie give and beiiueath vnto his eldest
bridge all that his Messiiage and tenement i
lyinge ueere P.artliiiole Uridge w'l'in the
West Munckton in tlie Countie of Som'sett
John P.eale nowe dwellelh for and During all
of the terme of yeares w<'li heo tlie sai<l deceased
elseif (getClientWidth() > 430)
and vnexpired in the same ymedeatly after
his wife theire Death the said Alice haueing
it for her life after the Decease of the said
hee did giue vnto his said sonne Thomas Trowbridge
his lyinge in Stognrsey in the said Countie of
t Certaine tenem's whereof the said
shillings per ann' for High rent
haie Lastli hee gaue
Trowbridge all his goods
shalbe Due vnto him
inst Debts that
bridge his sonne
[Archdeaconry of Taunton, filed will 3049, no. 68.]
Will of .John Trowbridge of Taunton.!
"There is oweinge unto me nowe from my Uncle Mr James Marshall of Exon merchant
ffortye nine poundes as this Bill and my account appeereth and from my father Mr
Thomas Trowbridge Tenn pounds which I lent him and I have sent for Muclincx [sic]
eight peeces of sarges cost twentie fine pounds and twentie foure pounds Mr .Tno Man-
ninge of New England Marchant owes me And Twentie one pounds Mr William Davis
of Muskeeta in Newfoundland owes, which I have ordered George Pardon, master of the
Willing Minde to receiue of him this yeare there and carry it with him for S' Lukas
and bring home returnes with him All which summes amounts vnto One hundred
twentie and nine pounds which if please God to take me hence I doe in the first place.
And my will is, that twentie pounds of it shall bee disbursed in the necessaries for my
buriall And for the other One hundred and Nine pounds I doe dispose of it as followeth
vizt I do giue vnto my honored father Mr Thomas Trowbridge ffortie pounds And I
doe giue vnto my brothers Thomas William and .Tames Trowbridge betweene them ffiftie
pounds And to my Aunt Mace I doe giue fine pounds And I doe giue unto my Cozen
James Marshall ffourteene pounds all which I have giuen does amount vnto One hundred
and nine pounds This being my last Will wherevnto I doe nowe set my hand and scale
this twentieth day of October One thousand Sixe hundred ffiftie and three in Taunton.
Wee whose names vnderwritten doe confidently beleeve this to be the hand writtinge of
.Tohn Trowbridge beinge formerly acquainted with his hand writtinge and forme
Subscribed James Marshall Senior Christo : Clarke Junr Chr : Dove
As for the twentie pounds I allowed for my buriall I doe giue ffortie shillings of it to
Admon granted 26 June 1654 to father Thomas Trowbridge, principal legatee, no
executor being named." [Prerogative Court of Canterbury, Alchin, 492.] t
. 4 .
* Father of Thomas Trowbridge, the primitive settler in America.
t Eldest son of Thomas Trowbridge; the primitive settler in America.
% In the foregoing will .Tohn Trowbridge mentions '*my aunt Mace." Among the children
of John Trowbridge, Senior, was a daughter. Prudence, who married William Mace. It Is
clear, therefore, that if she was an aunt ot" .John, son of Thomas, the settler, she must have
been a sister of the settler, and he a son of John, Senior, and a grandson of Thomas, Senior.
36 TROWBRIDGE GENEALOGY
Tlie family register of Mr. John Trowbridge, Senior, based on the information
found in the preceding pages, to conform to the plan of this genealogy is printed
as follows :
John Trowbeidge (Thomas), baptized March 25, 1570, in Taunton; died
July [5?], 1649, in Taunton?; married, first, , 159- in , Agnes
, who was buried June 6, 1022, in Taunton. He married, second.
, 1624, in Tiverton, Devon, Alice ( ) Eead, widow of Eobert
Read of Tiverton, who was buried Augaist 25. 1653, in Taunton.
Bii first marriage :t
1. i. Thomas, b. , [159-?]. t
ii. Elizabeth, bapt. Feb. 8, 1598-9; m. June 2, 1(31G, .lohn Hurley of Tauuton.
iii. John, bapt. May 31, 1001: was a woolendraper in Tauuton; m. about 1028,
Judith Rose, daughter of John and Faith (EUesdon) Rose of Lyme Regis,
Dorset, and d. about the end of Dec, 1030, leaving no children.
iv. Prudence, bapt. Feb. 3, 1002-3; m. July 1, 1021, William Mace, a merchant
of Exeter, Devon.
v. Agnes, bapt. Feb. 30, 1604-5; m., ]st, Dec. 13, 1029, Charles Wither of Taun-
ton; m., 2d, Apr. 22, 1632, Robert Moggridge, a merchant of Taunton. §
vi. William, bapt. Mar. 22. 1007-8; buried Mar. 27, 1610.
vii. James, bapt. Dec. 3, 1009; buried Oct. 22. 1038; num.
viii. Joan, bapt. May 21, 1012 ; buried Oct. 14, 1010.
ix. Tacy, bapt. May 7, lOl.T ; m. Jan. 1, 1037-8, Aldred Seaman of Combe-Flory
It is quite probable that Thomas was the eldest son of John, for there seems
no gap in the register of John's children, and that assumption would make him
the correct age to be the husband of his wife, who was bom in 1603, and the
lawyer, who drew the bill of complaint of John (see p. 29) which calls John,
Jr., his "eldest" son, may not have known of the absent Thomas. If Thomas
is regarded as the eldest son of John, there is at once presented the coincidence
between the names of their sons. John's four sons were, in order, Thomas,
named after his father, Jolm, after himself, William and James. Thomas's
four sons were, in order, John, after his father. Thomas, after himself, William
and James; and these names, it must be borne in mind, were given his first three
sons while he was living in Exeter.
* The baptisms are recorded in the Parish Register of St. Mary Magdalen, Taunton.
t No children by second marriage.
t The primitive settler in .Vmerica.
§ Robert Moggridge was a prominent citizen of Taunton and was its mayor in 163j.
"On May 10. 1645, Mr. Roljert Moggridge by his last will, dated that day. gare out of his
lands, called Frethy. in Bisliop's-Hull, £ .l-lOs, to be paid to the churchwardens of St. Mary
Magdalen on the first of March annually: £.5 thereof to be given by them to the honest
and religions poor of the parish on tlie thirtieth of March at their discretion, and the 10s to
the churchwardens for their trouble in the matter. He also gave by will to the poor of
St. James parish an annual rent-charge of £■!." [Savage's "History of Taunton."]
Of Taunton, England,
The Primitive Settleu in America
AND HIS DESCENDANTS
The Primitive Settler in Amkrica and his Family
Thomas Trowbridge, the first of his family to come to America, was the sou,
as heretofore showB, of Jolni Trowbridge, a wealthy merchant and prominent
citizen of Taunton, Somersetshire. His father had long been identifie<l with the
woolen trade in Taunton, which was noted for its manufacture of that staple,
and it was natural that the son when he grew up should turn his attention to
some branch of that industry, and he is found in early manhood established in
business as a mercer in the neighboring city of Exeter in Devonshire. At the
time when he took up his residence there he found that the name Trowbridge was
a well-known and respected one in Exeter, with which members of the family had
been long identified through business and residence, and there also his sister
Prudence went to live after her marriage in 1621 to William Mace, a leading
merchant of the city.*
In the pedigree of the Mai'shall family of Exeter was found the name of
"Thomas Trobridge of Taunton." This reference was the clue that led to the
finding of the record of the marriage of Thomas Trowbridge.
In the list of marriage licenses issued for the diocese of Exeter it is recorded
that on March 24. 1627, Thomas Trowbridge of the parish of St. Petrock was
licensed to marry Elizabeth Marshall of the parish of St. Mai-y Arches.
In the parish register of St. Mary Arches appears the following entry :
"26 March 1627 Mr. Thomas Trobrige and Elizabeth daughter of Mrs. Alee
Marshall widoe married, Jeremy Short parson."
In the parish register of St. Petroek's, Exeter, are recorded the following :t
1627 Elizabetli the daughter of Thomas Trubbrudgo 6 of March 1627 [-8]
1629 Jolm tlie sonne of Thomas Trubbridge the 5 of November
1631 Thomas the sonne of Thomas Troubridge the 11 Dec.
1633 William the sonne of Thomas and Elizabeth Trawbridge Septem: 3
1630 Elizabeth the daughter of Thomas Troobridge 10 May
Elizabeth Marshall:!; the wife of Thomas Trowbridge, was a member of a
family of this name that flourished in E.xeter during the seventeenth century.
The first of the name mentioned by Westcsote's "Devonshire Eamilies" is
* "Bond of William Mace of the parish o£ St. Kerian. Exeter, merchant, and Robert Mace of
ditto, gentleman, in £100, for said William Mace as administrator of his late father, Roger
Mace, St. Kerian, Citie of Exeter, deceased 15 August 1.". James I ." Inventory
exhihited July IG, 1625. [Archdeaconry of Exeter, filed 1G17.]
The above is the probate of the estate of the father of William Mace who married Prudence,
sister of Thomas Trowbridge, and is of interest as flxing her residence in the parish adjoining
and now united to that in which the children of Thomas Trowbridge were born.
-f The compiler had obtained the following extracts from the Exeter records several years
prior to their discovery by Mr. Emory McClintock (who published them in the "New England
Historical find Genealogical Register" in 1905) and ho regrets that they could not have been
first printed in this genealogy.
t The following account of the Marshall family is in the main extracted from an article In
"The Genealogist," London, 18S0, vol. iv. p. 11.
40 TROWBRIDGp GENEALOGY
William Marshall, wlio had issue Robert Marshall, who married Joan, daughter
and heir of Owsley of Chillington, county Somerset. His will, dated August 7,
1576, was proved by her October 9 following. [Prerogative Court of Canterbury,
Carew, 29.] In it he is described as of Ashewille in the parish of Ikninster,
and desires to be buried in the churchyard of Ilminster. He gives to his son
Edmund Marshall his ryn.es and bark and half his tanne vates with a mill to
grind bark (from this bequest it seems that he was by trade a tanner) ; mentions
his sons, Jolin, Nicholas, Williaha, John (the ypunger) and Thomas (all under
age) ; and appoints his wife Joan (who appears to have brought him some prop-
erty) sole executrix and residuary legatee. He appears to have had two other
children, Roger and Anne, who may have been twins, born posthumous. His
wife, as "Joane Marshall," had been named as sister in the will of William
Owseley of Chillington, near Ilminster, in Somerset, dated October 8, 1558.
[Prerogative Court of Canterbury, Wells, 22.]
John Marshall (the younger) probably settled in Exeter in early life. He
was "the worshipful Mr. John Marshall." He was bailiff of Exeter in 1601,
sheriff in 1609 and mayor in 1615, retaining afterwards the position of alder-
man. He married at St. Mary Arches August 30, 1595, Alice Bevys [Bevis or
Beavis], daiighter of Richard and Elizabeth (Proi.iz) Bevys.
The Bevys family* is traced in Devonshire to the reign of Heni-y IV. Richard
Bevys became sheriff of Exeter in 1591, governor of the Guild of Merchant
Adventurers in 1594 and mayor in 1602, dying August 26 of the latter year. He
made a deed of trust June 16, 1602, to William Tickle and John Marshall, gent.,
for a benefaction to provide marriage portions during future years to worthy
young women of several parishes. His wife, Elizabeth Prouz (Prouzc, Prowse,
Prowze), was probably a relative of Ricliard Prowse, mayor of Exeter in 1578.
According to the pedigree of Prouz of Chagford, near Exeter, a very old family,
Richard the mayor was second son of Lawrence Prouz of Exeter and Chagford,
tlie estate of Chagford going to Lawrence's eldest son, John, who had a daughter
Elizabeth, apparently of about the age of the Elizabeth married to Richard
Bevys. The will of Nicholas Bevys, son of Richard, a merchant of Exeter, dated
November 8, 1612, and proved June 2, 1613, named as one of the executors
"my brother John Marsliall." Of the otlier sons of Richard Bevys, Peter and
Richard, the former was the more prominent and became lord of the manor
of Bishop's Clist, near Exeter. The family is traced in Devonshire to the reign
of Heni-y IV.
Mr. John and Alice (Bevys) Marshall had tlie following children baptized at
St. Mary Arches, Exeter if
Jane, June 29, 1598 ; buried May 30, 1600.
John, June 17, 1599 ; buried March 20, 1600.
Alice, June 29, 1600 ; married June 29, 1621, George Harris of Exeter.
Grace, May 6, 1602 ; buried January 11, 1620.
Elizabeth, March 24, 1602-3 ; married March 26, 1627, Thomas Trowbridge.^
Jane, March 18, 1603-4 ; married September 26, 1624, James Gould of Exeter.§
Anne, March 26, 1607; buried November 14, 1607.
James, January 22, 1608-9. [See page 42.]
John, July 19, 1610; buried December 16, 1630.
Susanna, September 29, 1611; married June 30, 1635, Richard Lante of
Exeter. 1 1
Richard, March 15, 1612-3; died soon.
Richard, November 3, 1613 ; buried June 9, 1635.
* Tbe following account of the Bevys and Prouz families is from Mr. McClintock's article
in the 'Register" mentioned in footnote t on tlie preceding page.
t "The Genealogist." vol. iv. p. 16 ; Parish Register of St. Mary Arches, Exeter.
t The primitive settler in America.
§ He became mayor.
II His great-aunt Joan Lante was the first wife of William Mace.
ST. PETROCli'S CHURCH, EXETER, ENGLANU.
TROWBRIDGE GENEALOGY 41
The will of Eichard Mai-shall, merchant, of Exeter, dated Jime 4, 1635, was
proved August 8, 1635, and gives to his sister Trobrrdgo £100. To the poor £50,
to be distributed at the pleasure of his brother James Marshall. All the rest of
his goods to be divided between his brother and his sisters. [Prerogative Court
of Canterbury, Sadler, 88.]
Mr. John Marshall was buried August 17, 1624, in Exeter, and his widow,
Mrs. Alice Marshall, died January 7 and was buried January 13, 1630-1. Their
wills were aa follows :
The will of "John Marshall, Esquire, one of the Aldermen of the City of
Exeter," dated August 8, 1624, was proved by his widow Alice September 17,
1624. It provided that after his debts and funeral expenses were paid "the
residue of all my goods and chattels shall according to the custom of the said
city of Exeter be divided into three equal parts. I give one portion thereof to
my wife. I give one other portion thereof among my three sons and two daugh-
ters, that is to say James Marshall, John Marshall, Richard Marshall, Elizabeth
Marshall and Susan Marshall. Out of the third portion I give tlio following
legacies, viz., to my son James Marshall so much as shall with the legacy given
him by his cousin John Marshall deceased make up £300. To my sons John
Marshall and Eichard JMarshall so much as shall with the legacies given them
by their cousin John Marshall deceased make up £300 each. To my daughter
Elizabetli Marshall as much as shall with the legacy left.her by her cousin John
Marshall deceased make up £400, and to my daughter Susan so much as shall
make up £350. Item I give to my daughter Alice Harris my second best gilt
bowl. Item I give to my daughter Jane my third best gilt bowl. Item I give
to Thomas Milford £3 per annum during his life. Item I give to Ebolt Croot of
Heavitree £5. Item I give to my servant Agnes Croote 5 marks. Item I give
to Grace my servant 40s. Item I give to Jane my servant 20s. Item I give
to Mai-y Wall 40s. Item I give to the poor of the said City of Exeter £5, whereof
20s. to the poor of St. Mary Arches parish. Item I give to my said wife the
house wherein I now dwell to hold during the term of her life, the remainder
thereof to my son James Marshall and his heirs for ever. Item I give my lands
and tenements in the parish of ISTorthtowne, called Eastercombe, Westercombe
and Luckerton, with the rents thereof to my said wife during her life, the
remainder to my said son James and his heirs for ever. Item I give all my
estate and interest of the house wherein Mr. Joseph Trowbridge* merchant now
dwelleth to my son John Marshall and his heirs forever, provided my wife shall
have the issues thereof during her life. Item I give all my estate and interest
in the house wherein Master William Martin merchant now dwelleth to my son
Eichard and his heirs forever, provided my said wife shall have the profits
thereof during her life. Item I give my house wherein Andrew Quashe merchant
now dwelleth in the parish of St. Petrock's within the said City of Exeter, and
also my tenements without Southgate in the parish of the Holy Trinity to my
friend John Gupwill Esquire, now Mayor of the said City, and Peter Bevis
Esquire my brotJier in law, provided they sell the said tenements as soon as con-
venient, the said money to be divided into three equal parts, one part to come to
my said wife and the other two parts to be divided equally among my said five
children. Item I give to my friends John Gupwill, Peter Bevis and Nicholas
Mercer of Exeter merchant, all my tenements in Bampton and my whole estate
in the rectory of Bampton in Co. Devon to. them and their heirs for ever [?].
Item I give all the rest of my goods and chattels to my said wife, whom I make
sole executrix of this my last will. I constitute the said John Gupwill and Peter
Bevis overseers of the same and give to each of them 20s. for their pains. Wit-
nesses, John Gupwill, Peter Bevis. Nicholas Mercer, Edward Martine, John
Trowte." [Prerogative Court of Canterbury, Byrde, 74.+]
• He belonged to the Devonshire family which appears In the herald's visitation.
t ReprlntPd from the "New England Historical and Genealogical Magazine," vol. 50, p. 204.
43 TROWBRIDGE GENEALOGY
The will of "Alice Marshall of the City of Exeter, widow," dated December 30,
1630, disposed of a large property. She gives "to my son and heir apparent
James Marshall the manor of Daccombe in the parish of St. Mary Church, county
Devon; my brother Kichard Bovis; to my daughter Elizabeth Trowbridge £50
and one piece of plate to the value of £10; my daughter Alice Golde [Gould];
my davighter Susanna Marshall, under ago; legacies bequeathed to said Susanna
by her cousin John Marshall and her brother John Marshall; my son Richard
Marshall, under age; legacy left him by his cousin John Marshall; my brother
John Marshall; my five grandchildren Bartholomew Harris, James Golde, John
Golde, John Trowbridge and Elizabeth Trowbridge; to my dear mother Mistress
Jane Martyn one silver bowl with my coat of arms graved or pounced thereon;
my brotlier Peter Beavis; my sister-in-law Mistress Susanna Beavis; my four
nephews Richard, William, Peter and Henry Beavis, sons of my brother Peter
Beavis; son James Marshall to be sole executor." He proved the will February
24, 1630-1. [Prerogative Court of Canterbui-y, St. John, 23.]
James Marshall, son of John and Alice, married May 29, 1632, Susanna
Taylour. He came among the early settlers to Dorchester, Mass., and there is
mention of his land there.* He was a merchant in Exeter. Savage's "Genea-
logical Dictionary of New England" calls him of Windsor, Conn., in 1640, and
say.s, "did not long continue, and, perhaps, was the man, exjiected in vain at
New Haven, 1643, whece liis estate was valued at £1,000, his family of five heads,
and his lot transferred in 1651, to Richard Mansfield." This lot was on the
northwest corner of what is now Elm and Church streets, opposite the Green.
He may be that "rich merchant" referred to in "Winthrop's Journal." He sold
his property in Windsor and soon returned to Exeter.f He continued to be
actively engaged in business there and was elected mayor of the city in 1658. He
was buried there January 26, 1664-5, and administration on his estate was
granted to his widow, Susanna Marshall, the following month.
Mr. James and Susanna (Taylour) Marshall had the following children
baptized at St. Mary Arches, Exeter::}:
John, April 16, 1635.
James, November 26, 1637.
Richard, April 12, 1640.
Elizabeth, May 29, 1642 ; buried October 1.3, 1642.
Samuel, July 9, 1648.
Joseph, March 31, 1650.
Sarali, — ; buried July 20, 1656.
Of the above children James had administration granted on his estate May
10, 1677, to John Marshall, his In-other, James Marshall, his son, having declined
to serve. He is described as "James Marshall senior of the city of Exeter, but
at Guinney in parts beyond sea deceased." Administration "de bonis non" to
James Marshall, the son, October 16, 1694. [Prerogative Court of Canterbury.]
Samuel is perhaps identical with "Samuel Marshall of Eremington, county
Devon, Clerk," whose nuncupative will of July 14, 1681, left his "whole study
of books," etc., to his mother, Susanna Marshall. Administration on his estate
was granted to her July 25, 1681.
* Dorchester. Mass.. Town Records.
t"A Court held att Newhaven the 2a of Novem : 1642 :
"By a letter from Mr. Marshall to Mr. Hill of Winsor, beariug date the 7tli of Aprill lfi36.
and a letter to Goodma Mansfield, dated the 13 of October 1641. itt is evidenced to this Court
thatt some of the cattell goeing under the name of Mr. Trobridge doth belong to Mr. Marshall
as his pp goods, namely a white cow. red sparkled, a heifer, white and red sparkled, and one
white and blacke sparkled ; Henry Gibbons testimony allso concuring w'h the aforesaid letters."
[New Haven Colony Records, vol, 1, p. 40.1 Richard Mansfield came to New Haven with the
other planters as steward for Mr. Marshall.
t "The Genealogist." vol. iv. p. 17 ; Parish Register of St. Mary Arches. Exeter.
William Marshall of Dinnington, Somersetshire, uncle of Elizabeth, in his will,
dated December 1, 1623, mentions, "Elizabeth, Susanna, James, John and
Kichard, children of my brother John Marshall of Exeter." [Prerogative ("ourt
of Cantcrbui-y, Byrde, 28.]
John Marshall of E.xetor, a son of Thomas Marshall, tanner, of Chillington and
cousin of Elizabeth, in his will, made May 24, 1622, bequeathed "to each of the
children of my uncle John Marshall, alderman of Exeter, £50." Administration
was graiited to the uncle John Marshall July 5, 162.3, who was succeeded by his
widow Alice on March 3, 1628. She was succeeded by her son James on June 17,
1631. [Prerogative Court of Canterbuiy, Swan. 72.]
Thomas Marshall, perhaps uncle of Mr. John, was a merchant in E.xcter. He
was bailiff of Exeter in 1557 and one of the founders of the Merch;uit Adven-
Enough lias been printed here to prove that the family of Elizabeth, the wife
of Thomas Trowbridge, was one of prominence and wealth in Exeter.
"That before her marriage Elizabeth was preferred to her sisters, or at any
rate to her unmarried sister, is shown by her father's will; and that after her
marriage she was preferred by her mother to her married sisters, and by her
brother to all his relatives, is shown by their wills. It is to be inferred tliat
she was kind and helpful by nature."*
Thomas Trowbridge was engaged in business as a mercer in Exeter, as appears
by the bill of complaint printed below. Exeter was at that time the emporium
of thin woolen goods, such as serges, spun and woven in the neighboring towns,
but finished in the city previous to exportation.
November 23, 1632, there is recorded this "Bill of Complaint: Thomas Trowbridge of
the Cittie of Exon mercer for years pa.st hath had dealings with one Robert Gray of
London mercer and about May 1629 bought of liim or his servants or one of them goods
to the valewe of £28 or thereabouts to be paid for in 6 monetlis and also about tenth of
December 1629 goods to the valewe of £31. 10^ also to be paid for in 6 months and did
give a bill for the payment of the said 2S£ and one other Bill to be paid on 31 May next
following and in January did pay to said Robert Gray or to James Scadding. Christopher
Reyner .James Nevell and Lawrence Jones or one of them his servants by the hands of