Francis Bacon Trowbridge.

The Trowbridge genealogy. History of the Trowbridge family in America (Volume 3) online

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provided due payment be made."

On September 14, 1665, permission was "granted to him by the town to build
a warehouse on the bankside before his house." On September 6, 1668, "Mr.
William Eosewell and Mr. Thomas Trowbridge were granted liberty to cut
timber on the Common for the building of a vessel." In November, 1682, "Mr.
Thomas Trowbridge requested' land by the water side for a warehouse west of
Mr. Samuel Bache's warehouse or else on the east side of it." The town granted
a site "on the east side twenty-two feet in breadth, thirty feet from high water
mark upwards and two or three rods into the flats."* The following January
he was granted permission to build a wharf at that place, "the Tovm ordering
that it shall be free for any of the town to land upon and not pay for, provided
that it do not hinder Mr. Trowbridge's own occasions." This wharf was located
at the present comer of State and Water streets, and together with Mr
Bache's was the beginning of Union, or as it is popularly known. Long
wharf. Besides the land where he lived and that used for his business enter-
prises Mr. Trowbridge owned a large amount of real estate in various sections
of the town, and there are many deeds to and from him in the New Haiven
land records.

"Mr. Thomas Trowbridge has liberty from ye Town to purchase from ye Indians, land
on East side of ye harbor, beginning north at or about Elsies Creek, west & south
by ye Meadows, east by divers trees marked by Indians, May 22, 1683."

"Know all men by these presents that wee Waurauncheno, JIauge, Wambusco, John
Mowhawke, Sowes, Shambishqua : Have in consideration of thirty one pounds, current
pay to us in hand received, have sold unto Thomas Trowbridge Sen"- of New haven a
parcell of laud on ye East side of New haven harbor bounded on ye north side by a
small brook that runs into ye forestl harbor, commonly called Goodman Ellsys Creeke,
on ye west by ye meadows commonly called Goodman Ellsyes & Goodman Leek's meadow,
on ye south by a meadow commonly called Mr Hickcocks meadow, on ye east, upon ye
east side of ye swampe as appears by ye marked trees: Together with all ye timber,
wood, feed & all ye privilledges imunities of and belonging to ye same, upon any
account & in any respect whatsoever. And wee ye said Waurauncheno, Maug. Wambusco,
Jno Mohawk, Sowees, Shambishqua, for our seavles & heyres & assignes doe promise to
make good ye sale hearof To ye aforesaid Thomas Trowbridge his heyres & assignes

now in ye possession of ye aforesaid John Holte — ye dividing line being where ye fences

have & doe now stand.

The abovementioned homolott and houses thereupon have been known and are owned to

bee in ye lawfull and quiet possession of ye abovesaid Tliomas Trowbridge excepting a little

parcell adjoining to ye lott of Jnn. Tod whereon there is a house bullte lately, sold by yc said

Thomas Trowbridge unto Jno Morriss.

We say owned to be in the abovesaid quiet possession before us, this 23 day of June 1GS2.

in presence of us.

Wm Jones Assistant
John Nash Recorder
.Tohn Chidsey Townsman"

♦ "Henry & Elen Glover, in consideration of ye summe of twenty Ave pounds, current pay
with ye Marchent deed a piece of land with a warehouse upon ye bank fronting to ye dwelling
house formerly belonging to Henry Rutherford & bounded south by land granted by ye town

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for ever against all former gifts & mortgages or conveyances & incumbrances whatso-
ever In wittness whereoff wee have sett our hands this thirty one day of March one
thousand six hundred and eighty three


John Miels

Joseph AUsop
Warouncheno, Mauge, John Jlowhawke
Sowees. Shambishqvia. Indians appeared
in New haven y 20>i> day of April
16S3 & acknowledged y" above written
& y<; subscriptions to be theyer act &
deed. Before me
John Nash Assist

Waruncheno his niarke
Maug his marke

Wombusco his marke
John Jlohawk his marke
Sowees his marke

Shambislifpia her marke

liiui Tom his marke"

[Recorded .lune 7, 1(>S3, by .lohn Nash Recorder.]

Thomas Trowhridge in early manhood began to receive recognition politically
from his fellow citizens and from that time on he was much employed in the
public business. On October 1, 1653, he was chosen "watch sentinel." and dur-
ing the next ten years frequently served as juryman and in minor official posi-
tions. In 1G67 lie was county treasurer and the town constables appointed his
warehouse as a place for bringing in the rates for county taxes. He was
nominated and made a "freeman'' of Connecticut May 20, 1668.* In August,
1673, with the prospect of a war with the Dutch, the general court ordered the
respective troops in the colony to be fitted out for service, and November 28 of
that year Thomas Trowbridge was made commissary of the expedition to be

to Sarah Leete & thence extending, tour rods up yc bank to ye Northward, west by highway,
east by street adjoining to foresaid creeke to sav two rod wide — to Thomas Trowbridge Dec.
27. 1682"


"The oldest building in the city is on State street next to Yale & Bryan's. [On the east
side just north of Water street.] The li'ounders' Day placard slating that it was the oldest
was displaced there yesterday. The place was formerly Henry Kuthorford's warehouse. Mr.
Rutherford lived din-ctlv opposite on the other side of the street. The building was erected
in 1648 and was made of old Knglish tonk. It has been altered as it has passed down these
many years, but the old frame, old wimlows and old doors remain." [New Haven Journal
and Courier. June, 18SS.] The building has been torn down recently.

• In a list of nearly one hundred New Haven freemen in 1669 his name is one of less than
a dozen that has the prefix of respect, "Mr,"


sent against the Dutch at New York.* Peace between England and Holland
was declared, however, in time to prevent any of the Connecticut troops entering
upon active service. Thomas Trowbridge was confirmed lieutenant of the New
Haven Troop May 20, 1675, f and probably saw active service in King Philip's
War, for it is known that from the outbreak of the war in June, 1675,
imtil the Sachem's death in August, 1676, New Haven was in constant danger
of attack by the Indians and suffered from frequent alarms. At a town meeting
held September 24, 1675, Lieutenant Trowbridge and several other prominent
citizens were chosen a "committee to consider and erect some fortifications at
the meeting-house .... and in other places about the town as they ....
agree." During the war frequent calls were made on New Haven for troops
and supplies, and Lieutenant Trowbridge was active in seeing that the town
furnished its quota of both.

Mr. Trowbridge was treasurer of the town in 1679 and 16S0. In the latter
year he was chosen "townsman," or selectman, and held that office eight years,
being first selectman during several terms. He acted as agent for the town in
the purchase of much land for the town from the Indians, thus ending Indian
ownership of land within the boundaries of the town of New Haven.

, "The towne was iuformed that whereas ye Indians had been claiming ye lands or much
of it on ye East side ye harbor & river, as if it had not been sold to us or our prede-
cessors &. Mr Thomas Trowbridge, having an opportunity to buy off their claymes,
informed ye townsmen, who did encourage ye business & desyred him to buy off all ye
Indian claymes, that if it might be to prevent all trouble or inconvenience to ye towne
on that account ; & that now ye said Trowbridge had bought of ye Indians their right
in any land from Stoney River unto Malbon's Cove, as by a deed bearing date ye 20""
day of April 1683 doth more fully appear in ye particulars & bounds thereof, which
deed was now read to ye town, and they were well satisfied with what was done &
desired Mr Trowbridge to finish another part of our bounds with those Indians who
claim from Oyster River to Malbon's Cove & so westward & northward, that if it might
be all Indian claimes of Land in our township might be at an end. The said Mr Trow-
bridge said he would issue it with what speed he could."

In 1681 "the town requested Mr. Thomas Trowbridge to prevail, if possible,
with Mr. Hodges, the owner, to give them the trial of a bell which was brought
in a vessel to the town." "At a town meeting held April 25, 1682, the beU
. . . . being now hanged in the turret, it was ordered tliat the townsmen
would .... draw up, etc., what times and in what manner it should be
used." lie was made a justice of the peace in 1687.

New Haven and Connecticut were not invaded during the French and Indian
War, caused by the expulsion of the Stuarts from England, but performed their
due part in that struggle. On May 13, 1690, the general court ordered that a
committee, of which Mr. Thomas Trowbridge was chairman, "should prepare and
provision a vessel for the relief of the army at Albany." From 1690 to 1697 he
was regularly nominated for "assistant." He failed of election to that office,
but was appointed by the court from 1690 to 169.3 commissioner for New
Haven.:}: He was also a member of the New Haven Proprietors Committee for
many years. Gov. Benjamin Fletcher of New York, writing to the Committee
of Trade of London on November 10, 1693, states that, "Major Palmer, Mr.
Bulkely, the two Eosewells and Mr. Trowbridge are gentlemen of the best edu-
cation, sense and estates amongst them [the Connecticut people]. They, with
many other well affected people, have suffered very much by the arbitrary, illegal
proceedings there [in Connecticut]. If Connecticut be annexed to New York,
those I have mentioned are fittest in the Colony to be of the Council. "§ On May
24, 1697, "at a meeting of the Governor and Council at New Haven, by reason

* "Colonial Records of Connecticut," vol. 2, p. 218.

t Ditto, p. 256. William Rosewell was captain of the troop.

t Ditto, vol. 4, pp. 24, 28, 194.

S "Documentary History of New York." vol. 4, p. 72.

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1 New Haven, Conn., hand Records, Vol. I, page 150.]

Mom M I .\ I s (i|. llIu.MA.s 1 l:(l\M:i:ll 11 ,1. A.Mj IU.■^ Ulll, .-^AUAll




of the scarcity of powder it is desired and agreed that Mr. Thomas Trowbridge
do procure for tlie Colony's use eight barrels of powder, if it can be obtained."
At the May session of the general court in 1698 Mr. Trowbridge was appointed
a justice of the quoi'um.*

Mr. Trowbridge had eai-ly taken a deep interest in educational matters in New
Haven. At a meeting held February 7, 1668, the Rev. Mr. Davenport described
Governor Hopkins' bequest for a "grammar or collegiate school" in New Haven
and its conditions, and asked, "whether they would send their children to the
school to be taught for the fitting of them for the service of God in the church
and commonwealth; if they would, then Mr. Hopkins' grant to the town stands
good, but if not, it is void." Mr. Trowbridge and several other prominent citi-
zens declared their intention of sending a son or kinsman to the school. With
this assured support, Mr. Davenport, the following April, executed the deed of
trust which established the Hopkins Grammar School, an institution which has
ever since filled an important part in the educational development not alone of
New Haven but of the whole country. In 10S.3 Mr. Trowbridge was chosen a
trustee of the school and served on that board until his death, being treasurer of
the school during the year 1695-6.

Mr. Trowbridge was a regular attendant at the First Church meeting-house
on the public square and is mentioned in the church listing of February 20,
1661-2, as "seated in the fourth of the short seats at the upper end." Mrs.
'J'rowbridge sat iii the third seat on the opposite, or women's side, of the church.
Mr. Trowbridge was admitted a member of the church April 3, 1687.

Thomas Trowbridge was buried in the original town burial ground on the
Green in the rear of the first meeting-house. His grave was situated in that
part now included in the crypt of the present Center Church, and there, and in
the church edifice above, can be found monuments to himself and many of his
family. His tablet monument is in the crypt. It is a slab of brown sandstone,
six feet and three inches long, by three feet wide, raised on a block three feet
high. It was imported from England. It bears tliis inscription :








The Wn,L of JIr. Thojias TROwnRiDGE.t

"Thomas Trowbridge. Sen.r, of New haven in ye Colony of Conecticott, merchant,
being .sick and weake in body but of sound and perfect mind and memory, praise be
therefore given to Almighty God. doe make and ordaine this my present last will and
testament in manner and form following — that is to s.ny — first and principally I com-
mend my soule into y<? hands of Almighty God. hopeiiig through ye meritts and death
and passion of my Savior .Tesns Christ to have full and free pardon and forgivenesse of
all my sinnes and to inheritt everlasting life, and my body I comitt to ye earth to be
decently hurried at ye discretion of my e.xecutors hereafter named. .-Vnd as touching
the disposition of all such temporall estate as it hath pleased Almighty God to bestow
upon me, I give and dispose thereof as followeth :

First. I desire all my just debts and funerall charges shall be paid and discharged.

Second. I give unto my deare and loving wife Hannah Trowbridge, one hundred and
ten pounds current money, Alsoe eighty pounds in provissions or in goods if they
will sute her occasions best, .\lsoe T give ye use or improvement of the house, barne.
together with ye homelot on which they stand with all .appurtun.-inces thereunto belonging
(the said house formerly belonging to Henry Gibbons) the aforesaid house to be com-
pletely finishit by ye executors hereafter named, who are alsoe obliged to make a well

* "Colonial Records of Connecticut." vol. 4, p. 2fi0.

t New Haven Probate Records, vol. 2, pp. 304 and foil.


and pump convenient foi' y" use of ye said house, to have and to hold ye said use or
improvement of said houseing homelott, well and all appurtunances during her natural
life provided she doth not marry, but it she marrieth, then my will is that she shall
hold ye use or improvement of said houseing, homelott, well and appurtunances as afore-
said only one year from and next year after her marriage (to provide for herself) which
yeare being expired, said houseing, homelott and appurtunances shall returne to two of
my children, hereafter mentioned. Itt. a silver tumbler, a silver quart tankard, a
silver porrenger, a silver cup, six silver spoons, and three of ye bigger sort and three
of ye lesser sort, a copper kettle, an iron pott, a brass pott, a new bell mettle skillet,
six pewter dishes which she shall or may choose, one dozen of plates a jack and spitt
and ye irons they run in which my wife brought with her, a little brass kettle, one
trunk which my wife brought and another ciol skin trunk of myne, two feather beds,
with bed stead which we lie on, with ye furniture belonging to them, four pairs of wide
home spun sheets, two pairs of fine holland sheets, two pairs of cours hoUand sheets,
four pairs of pillow-beares, four pillows, six leathern chairs, six Turkee worket
cushions, four turned chairs, a pair of brass handirons in Caleb's chamber, a pair of
iron tongs, an iron tire shovel in our bed chamber, one dozen of fine and one dozen of
cours napkins, one dozen of towells, one table below with drawer, one table in the bed
chamber, two wide home made table cloths, one diaper table cloth, one course table
cloth, a warming pan, a frying pan. two pewter baisons, one of them large, six pewter
porrengers, a high joint stool, a little silver forke, a I'ound brass pan, one book of Mr
Shepherd's Ten Virgins, my Dutch case and the bottles belonging to it. a silver bottle,
a pair of tramels and a paire of pot hooks, a lignum vitae mortur and pestile, one
brass and one iron candle stick, an iron goos and smoothing iron, an iron kettle, two
chamber potts, a new pewter salt seller, a pillion and cloth, a chist that was the
Major's,* two good meal baggs. a brewing tubb, a washing tubb, one firkin of sope, a
cow. Alsoe my will is. and I doe hereby give and bequeathe to ray said wife from the
time of my decease, for ye space of six yeares fully to be expired in case she continues a
widow, viz. : two hundred weight of porke. two hundred weight of beefe. ten bushel of
rice, ten bushels of Indian corne, five bushels of wheate, ten bushels of barle.y mault
or other mault equivalent thereunto, ten load of wood, all to be delivered yearely in
the severale yeares of said terme at the mansion house of my said wife in New haven
by my executors. And furthermore my will is that until the mansion house intended
for my said wife be duely finished by my executors as is herewith ordered, she and my
daughter Hannah shall remain in my present mansion house and be maintained at y"
charge of my executors. The above legacies to be accounted and accepted of by my
said deare wife in consideration and lieu of her whole interest according to law in my
whole estate both personall and reall and to be at her absolute disposal!.

Whereas I have formerly given to my son John Trowbridge (dec'd) partly in that
house and homestead whicli he died possessed of and partly in other estate to the value
of five hundred pounds, and have since been at charges to support his widow and chil-
dren, I therefore may not without wrong to my other surviving children make addition
by way of portion to above said charges, yet as a testimony of my fatherly affection to
that bereaved afflicted family, I will and bequeath five pounds in silver to my daughter
Collins on my decease, she then giving a full discharge to my executors of and from
all further demands of my estate whatsoever. Thirty pounds alsoe in silver. I give to
her sou John Trowbridge at the age of twenty two yeares. he alsoe then giving a full
discharge to my executors of and from all demands of my estate, personal and reall
what soever coming into my possession at any time, heretofore by purchase or inheri-
tence. And ten pounds in like silver to her daughter Anne at ma.rriage or the age of
eighteen yeares those several! summes to be paid by my executors.

ThiriUii. Whereas I have bestowed sundry parcels of land and meadow on my children
already married viz : Thomas Trowbridge. Jlr Richard Rosewell and Jlr John Hodshon.
which parcels of land are already made over or are hereby assigned and confirmed to
them, their heirs and assignes and not as parts of their portions but in testimony to
each of them. I therefore in like manner doe hereby will and bequeath unto my children
not yet married, in like affection to them, ye following parcels of land not to be accounted
as part of their respective portions, viz : To ray sonne Caleb, his heirs and assignes. I
will and bequeath ye farme on ye East Side which farme I bought of the Indians alsoe I
give him all the houseing edifices fences and appurtunances to the same belonging with
those parcels of meadow following, viz : that parcel! of meadow containing now about
four acres commonly called Elseys meadow, situate on ye Indian side, fourteen acres of
meadow lying in ye South Meadow situate by ye rhode that leads to ye iron workes.
one parcel of English meadow on ye East Side which I bought of said Indians, two
acres of salt marsh meadow in ye Indian Field and five acres of me.adow adjoining upon
his brother Thomas' meadow neere ye Black Rock. To my son Daniel his heirs and

* Major Nash.

— &

'< a


5 S -


assigns I will and bequeath all ray Third Division lying one ye West Side being about
two hundred and thirty acres, be it more or less. To my daughter Hannah her heirs
and assignes I will and bequeath all ye farme lying adjacent to ye three mile brook on
the West Side of Milford Rhoade formerly JIajor Nash' farme, both that part I received
with my present wife and that other part I since purchased.

Furthermore whereas I have already given to my surviving children married, each of
them two hundred and fifty pounds reckoned as pay current, my will therefore is that
my other children, viz: Caleb. Daniel and Hannah shall receive each of them portions
to make them even with my aforesaid married children, viz: as followeth :

Item. I give to my .son Caleb, his heirs and assigns fifty pounds current money, two
silver forks, one large silver porreugor, one silver worket dish, a silver candell cupp,
three large silver spoones, four smaller silver spoones — ye prises of said pieces of plate
together with the fifty pounds current money aforesaid being doubled shall be accounted
a part of said two hundred and fifty pounds and what remains to complete ye same
shall be taken out of my estate according to apprisement in ye inventory.

Item. I give to my son Daniell his heirs assignes fifty pounds current money liaving
lately in severall payments given to my said son Daniell the full sum of fifty pounds full
current silver money. I doe furthermore will and bequeath to him two silver forks,
a great silver tankard, three long silver spoons, four smaller silver spoons which piece
of plate and summe of money aforesaid shall be doubled and accounted in part of said
two hundred & fifty pounds further to make up the said two hundred and fifty pounds.
I give and bequeath unto my said son Daniell, the homelott formerly William Gibbons'
lott lyeing between John and Joseph Morris' homelotts. Item-. Two acres of land in
Oyster Shell Field bounded on ye Widow How's land on ye east and by two highwaies
north & south, to him his heirs and assignes for ever, at such prises as they shall be
sett at in ye inventorie and what shall be yet wanting of said two hundred and fifty
pounds, my will is it shall be paid to him out of my estate according to apprisement in
ye inventorie.

Item. I give to my daughter Hannah fifty pounds current money, two silver forks,
a silver beacer, a little silver porrenger, a silver tumbler, a silver dram cupp, three
large silver spoons, one little silver .spoon fork, two silver forks, two silver spoons, one
little knobd silver spoon, three and a half acres of meadow, formerly Major Nashe's
meadow lying above the West Bridge, one acre of meadow att ye Oyster Point,
seven acres of upland at ye JSIill Hill, three acres and a half of land by the Mile
lane, formerly JIajor Nash's, three acres and a quarter of pasture land lying
by ye Mill River, six acres of land in ye Neck, all which parcells of land and
meadow were formerly Major Nash's and to be accounted to her at the ju-ices
they were sett in said Nash's inventory, ye summe of said apprizement together
with ye double prizes of plate and some of money as aforesaid, to be accompted part and
parcel of said two hundred and fifty pounds pay and the remainder (if any be) to make
up the summe, to be taken out of my estate according to apprizement in my inventory
and to be delivered to her mother to be kept for the use of said daughter untile she
come to lawfull age or marriage, and in case my wife die before my daugliter Hannah
attains the ago of twenty one years, then my will is that my said daughter shall ha%'e
ye use and improvement of said house, homelott and appurtunances (granted to my wife

Online LibraryFrancis Bacon TrowbridgeThe Trowbridge genealogy. History of the Trowbridge family in America (Volume 3) → online text (page 7 of 115)