Francis Bacon Trowbridge.

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house cari>enter.

children born in LOWELL, MASS. :

i. Mary Parmelia. b. Dec. 1. 184S; d. Pec. 26, 1849.

ii. Mary Frances, b. Sept. 30, 1S50 ; m. Mar. 17, 1881, .lames Albert Giles and
resides in Lowell.

1152. George Nelson Trowbridge (Jepthah'""\ John'"-': Caleb'"". Caleb'""\
James'""". Thomas^), bom January 13, 1819, in Westford, Mass.; died December
3. 1894, in Nashua, N. H. ; married October 5, 1843, in Amherst, N. IL, Hannah
Wilson Hills,^: daughter of Joseph and Lucy (Noyes) Hills, born November 18,
1819, in South Merrimack. N. H. ; died October 18, 1889, in Nashua.

George N. Trowbridge settled in Lowell, Mass., where he followed his trade,
that of a house carpenter, for some years. Wliile residing there, he was for
fifteen years a deacon of the Worthen Street Baptist Church. He moved to
Salmon Falls, N. H., where he remained eight years, and was foreman and
master mechanic of a cotton mill. He then remo\-ed to Nashua, N. H.. where he
held the position of sui>erintendent of a mill until 1884, when he retired from
active business.


1270. i. George Frank, b. Apr. 24. 1845.

1153. William Trowbridge (Jepfhah'"'-'". John'"-\ Caleb'"'-. Caleb'""\
James^""". Thomas''), born October 8, 1821, in Westford, Mass.; died August 15,
1848. in Rochester, N. Y. ; married February 20. 1843. in Westborough, Mass.,
Angeline Harriet Fairbanks, daughter of Corning and Harriet (Thurston) Fair-
banl<s, bom December 17, 1827, in Westborough. She married, second. December
8, 1855, in Westborough, Seth Artemas Dix and resides in Westborough.

William Trowbridge was a wheelwright by trade, and as a young man, previous
to and for a time after his marriage, worked for his father-in-law, Mr. Fairbanks,
at his wagon and sleigh factory in Westborough. Mass. In 1845 he went to
Worcester, Mass.. and was for a short time in the employ of Ruggles & Co. in
that city. While working for that firm, he bought of Mr. George W. ]\Iatthews
his patent and tools to manufacture spoke shaves. He was in business in
Worcester for two years, and then in May, 1848, sold out to Smith, Badger & Co.

* i. ii and iv born in Leorainstor. Mass. : v-Ti in Nortliborough. Mass. ; iii and vii in
Auburn. N. Y.

t A sister of the wife of his brother No. 1152.
t A sister of the wife of his brother No. 11.51.


of Rochester, N. Y., going- to that city to get tlie phxiit in running order. He
then brouglit his family there, but two weeks after his return he was stricken
with smallpox and died.

cniLDiiEN :

1271. i. Alfred Lokenzo, b. Mar. 21, 1S41, in Westborougli, Mass.

ii. Emeune Amelia, b. Feb. I'j, 1847, iu Worcester, Mass. ; d. June 3, 1847.

1154. LuTHEB Prescott Trowbridge (Luther^"''*, Thomas'^''-', Thomas^"'^*,
Caleb'0'>\ James^o"", Thomas^), born June 6, 182T, in Westford, Mass.; died
June 24, 1875, in Warren, Mass.; married May 20, 1852, in Monson, Mass.,
Fannie Porter Nelson, daughter of Zimri and Nancy (Adams) Nelson, born
February 27, 1829, in Warren; died August 9. 1883, in West Warren.

Luther P. Trowbridge was a machinist in Warren, Mass.


i. Ella Elizabeth, b. Mar. 9, 18.53 ; d. Nov. 2, 1873, in Warren ; unm.

ii. Emma Jane, b. June 30, 1854 ■„ m. Mar. 7, 1876, Leander Adams and resides

in Warren. , , n N^, n r C S. i'-fti- ''/... /'.V- ■''' .'

iii. Fannie Adams, b. May 19, 1866 ; m. July 14, 1887, George Charles Viets

and resides in Suffield, Conn. ,, ^f^avrrfyJ-^fJ^!]'^!^^

1155. ^bvDREW J.\CKSON Trowbridge (Luther^""*, Thomas'^''-'', T/fomas^"",
C'aleh^'"''% James'^'"'", Thomas'^), 'born June 2, 1832, in Westford, Mass.; resides
in Ware, Mass. ; married December 1, 1862, in Springfield, Mass., Louisa
Dunham, daughter of Shepard and Ruth (Randall) Dunham, bom November 9,
1838, in Denmark, N. Y. ; died March 15, 1898, in West Warren, Mass.

Andrew J. Trowbridge is a farmer in Ware, Mass.

children born in west warren, mass. :

i. Luther Prescott, b. Oct. 25, 1863 ; is a contractor and builder in Holyoke,

Mass.* n\
ii. Jennie Emma. b. Sept. 28, 1865 ; na. Jan. 5, 1887, Alexander Edward Shirley

and resides in Warren,
iii. Florence Frances, b. Mar. 29, 1868 ; m. Jan. 28, 1892, Ernest F. Shaw and

resides in Jledford, Mass.

resmes m nieaiora, mass. j tu) a y

Ruth Louisa, b. May 7, 1871. '^^'■^ \l[/ci,rtnC^^'^
Nellie Abigail, b. July 21, 1875. ■ J

1156. Capt. Charles Trowbridge (Edmund^'"^^ John}"-^, John^"", John'">'>\
Thomas'"^''-, James^""", Thomas'^), born October 1, 1802, in Framingham, Mass.;
died April 13, 1889, in Framingham; married May 26, 1830, in Sudbury, Mass.,
Mai-y Goodnow, daughter of Capt. Nahum and Hepsibeth (Brown) Goodnow,
bom September 5, 1806, in Sudbury; died July 4, 1883, in Framingham.

Charles Trowbridge settled on his father's place iu Framingham, Mass., and
lived there until his death. He was appointed in 1826 lieutenant of the Fram-.
ingham company in a regiment of heavy artillery in the Massachusetts militia
and in ILirch, 1829, was promoted its captain. He resigned the following
December, and was its last commander, as tJie company disbanded December 23,

children born in framingham, mass. :

i. Mary Elizabeth, b. Sept. 21. 1837 ; d. Feb. 16, 1848.
ii. JosiAH Wheeler, b. Apr. 19, 1845; d. May 13, 1845.

1157. George Avery Trowbridge (Edrnuiid^'>'"^, John'^"'^. John^"'^^, John'^'"'''.
Thomas^""-, James^''°''; Thomas^), born March 26. 1805, in Framingham, Mass.;
died April 10, 1885, in Framingham; married March 16, 1834, in New York

* Failed to answer the compiler's letters. y ill' ^- ' ~1

compiler's letters. o ill' ,—

'^^:^ />^^-^^?^t^-i^-/^'*.l0^


City, SusaiiiiaJi Kesler. daughter of Henry liosler,* born Febniary G, 1814, in
Xew York City ; died March 19. 1804, in FrauiingUam.

George A. Ti-owbridge passed his youth in his native phice. Framingham.
Mass. In 1829, at the age of twenty-four, he resolved to better his fortune, if
possible. Means of travel were then vastly different from now and young George
was very glad of the chance to work his passage to New York on a sailing
vessel. When he arrived in New York his sole possession was five dollars. He at
once received a situation in Christian Cape's iiork packing-house, established in
1818 at 75 Eivington street. On account of his honesty and industry, he was
soon after taken into the firm, which was thereafter called Cape & Trowbridge
until changed to Cape, Trowbridge & Co. They located at the corner of Broom
and Allen streets with a branch in Fulton Market, and never moved. This pork
house was the largest in the counti-y, before the great West had grovra. Their
house supjilied the principal hotels and ocean steamers, and also sui)plied the ship
of Doctor Kane, the Arctic exi^lorer, with "pemiean," a kind of dried beef, men-
tioned in Doctor Kane's histoi-y. In this business he made money fast, and he
invested in real estate in New York City, and the rapid growth of the city more
than doubled the value of his property there; and when he died in 1885 he left
a large fortune.

Aside from his prominence in business circles, Mr. Trowbridge was well
knowni in other fields of city activity. He enlisted March 25, 1836, in the
New York militia, and was a private in the Second Company. 9th Artillery
Kegiment. until he was promoted second lieutenant of the same April 22, 1842.
He participated in the celebration of the completion of Groton aqueduct,
October 4, 1842. He was promoted first lieutenant of his company December
27. 1842, and took part in the celebration of Evacuation Day, November 20,
1843. He was appointed captain of his company, and served from Septem-
ber 2, 1844, to July 12, 1845. He participated in the celebration of Evacua-
tion Day, November 18, 1844, and in the parade to pay funeral honors to
President Andrew Jackson on June IS, 1S45.

He became interested in local politics. He was alderman of the 10th
Ward, New York City, during the years 1854 and 1855. In 1854 he was chair-
man of the committee on markets and one of the conunittee on public health.
In 1855 he was on the following standing committee for the year: art and
sciences, fire department, and chairman of the committee on lamps and gas.

After remaining in business in New York City for twenty-five years, Mr.
Trowbridge retired in 1857 and in 1858 returned to the old homestead in Fram-
ingham, where he resided the remainder of his life. Soon after the out-
break of the Civil War he was chosen to take charge of the fund raised at a
meeting in Framingham May 6, 1861. He was prominent in religious affairs
in the town and responded generously to appeals from his church. He was
a deacon in the Plj-mouth Congregational Church in Framingham Center, and
gave away during his life, in a very quiet way, a large fortune. He was uni-
versally respected both in New York City and Framingham. At the time of
his death he was tlie owner of considerable real estate in New York City besides
his property in Framingham. He died at the old homestead in Framingham
a little over a year after the celebration of his golden wedding.


i. Louisa, b. Dec. 30, 1834; d. .Tan. 17, 18.3.5.

1272. ii. BEN.TAMIN A^•ERY. b. Nov. 3. 1837.

iii. Adaline, b. Mar. 2. 1840: m. .Tune 7. ISni. Stephen George Metcalf .nnd
resides in Framinsbam, Mass.

1273. iv. George Alvord, b. Feb. 6, 1843.

From Hesse-Cassel. Germany.


1274. V. Edmund, b. Jan. 24, 1846.

127.5. vi. William Henry, b. May 3, 1850.

127(J. vii. Charles Ozias, b. Jan. 21, 1853.

1158. Dr. John Howe TROWBRroGE (Jo/in"", John^"-'>, John'"''-, John^"'",
Thomas^""'', James^""", Thomas^), born May 9, 1807, in Cambridgeport, Mass.;
died September 25, 1891, in Danvers, Mass. ; married January 4, 1840, in Cam-
bridge, Mass., Adaline (Richardson) Whitney, widow of William Whitney of
Cambridge and daughter of James and Betsey (Bennett) Richardson, bom
April 9, 1810, in Brooklield, Mass.; died August !!'>, 1895, in Longwood, Mass.

John H. Trowbridge attended Mr. Pierce's school in West Newton, Mass.,
and prepared for college at Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass., from which he
was graduated in 1824. He entered Harvard College, but left before com-
pleting the course and entered the Harvard Medical School, from which he was
graduatctl with the degree of M.D. in 1835. He then was in the practice of
his profession for a few years in Boston. Having inherited an ample fortune,
he was able to lead a life free from professional or business cares, and to
devote himself to matters that he found more congenial. He lived a short time
in Medford, Mass., and then removed to Brookline. He later resided in Cam-
bridge, and tlie last years of his life were passed in Danvers, Mass.


i. Ellen, b. Nov. 1(1. 1S41. in Dorchesti>r. Mass. ; ra. .Tuly 21, 1SU4, Frederick
William Tiltou and resides in Cambridge, Mass.
1277. ii. .ToHN. b. Aus. 5. 1S43. in Boston, Mass.

iii. Adaline. b. Sept. 12. 184G, in Medfoi-d.

iv. Gertrude, b. July 10, 1848, in Brookline. : d. Mar. 31, 1878.

V. Maria Edgeworth, b. May 9, 18.52. in Brookline.

1159. Dr. John S.mitii Trowbridge (Josiah'""^''. John'^''-'', John^o^\ John^""'.
Thomas^""-. James"'"". Thomas^), bom August 18, 1816, in Buffalo, N. Y. ;
died April 2, 1886, in Buifalo; married May 21, 1846, in Buffalo, Abby Eliza
Heacock, daughter of Reuben and Abby (Grosvenor) Heacock, born December
19, 1826, in Buffalo; died August 11, 1888, in Northampton, Mass.

John S. Trowbridge attended the schools of his native city and was gradu-
ated in 1844 from the Geneva (N. Y.) Medical College.* After his gradua-
tion he was associated with his father. Dr. Josiah Trowbridge, in the practice
of his profession in Buffalo ; and after his father's death continued in his
profession until about 1871, when he retired, being at that time a physician
of eminence in the city.

Doctor Trowbridge in early life was for a time treasurer of the city of Buffalo.
During the Civil War he was from April 17, 1863, to June 15, 1865, surgeon of
the board of enrollment of Erie county. He was a member of St. John's
Episcopal Church, although after his marriage he attended the First Presby-
terian Cliurch. his wife being of that denomination.


i. James Walter, b. May 30, 1847; was educated in the fommon and high
schools in his native city. He became a clerk and later manager in a
wholesale hardware firm in Buffalo. He was afterwards for a time in the
drug business. He then entered the employ of the Lehigh Valley Coal
Company, a position he held at the time of his death, which occurred Ai)r.
0, 1904, in Buffalo: unm.
ii. Abel, b. .Tune 1. 1848: d. in infancy.
1278. iii. Gros^tsnor Reuben, b. Sept. 14, 1863.

* Since merged in Syracuse University.


IIGO. WiLi.iA.M Trowbridge (Jos^a7^^'"'^ John'"'-^, Johii""-'', Juhn^""'.
Thomas^""-, Jnmes'""",- Thomas'^), bom June 29, 1818, in Buffalo, N. Y.; died
December 11, 1S&2. in Menii>liis, Temi. ; married January 24, 1851, in St.
Louis, Mo.. Jaue Rosevear, daughter of William and Eliza (Hawk) Eosevear,
liorn April 2, 1832, in St. Austell, Cornwall, England. She married, second,
December 7, 1884, in Plymouth, England, George Stuarts and resides in Tacoma,

William Trowbridge attended college and studied law. He was in the
practice of his profession in several cities prior to his removal in 1860 to
JVIemphis, Temi., where he died about two years later. He was a member of
the Episcopal Church.


i. Mary Mahcaret, b. Nov. 4, 1852. in St. Louis, JIo. ; m. .July 11. 1878.

William Berrien and resides in Tacoma, Wash.
1279. ii. Ben.iamin Walter, b. Nov. 11, 18."v>, in Fort Erie, Canada West.

iii. AiiiiiK EUZA. b. Sept. 20. 1855. in Brooklyn, N. Y. ; m. May 23, 1890. Capt.

Mortimer Riley Flint and resides in Minneapolis. Minn,
iv. Edith Caroline, b. Oct. 21, 1857, in St. Paul, Minn.; m. .Tan. 11, l.S7(i.

George Gurnee and resides in Minneapolis,
v. Eleanor, b. Aug. 9, 18.59, in St. Paul ; m. Sept. 23, 1886, G«orge Orville

Ilickox and resides in Tacoma.
vi. William Henry, b. Nov. 14. 1801. in Memphis. Tenn. ; d. Oct. 8. 18(!2, in


11«1. Windsor Thowbriduk (Wi.nchur -S'.'"'", Daniel^""\ John^"''\ John^""',
Thomas^'X'-, James^o"", Thomas^), bom May 29, 1825, in Ogden, N. Y. ; died
December 11, 1897, in Lockport, N. Y. ; married January 7, 1846, in Cambria,
N. Y., Emily Rebecca Heath, daughter of Roger and Ro.sanna Colgrove (Par-
tello) Heath, born Augiist 1, 1826, in Cambria; died December 11, 1903, in

Windsor Trowbridge was brought up on his father's farm in Ogden, near
Rochester, N. Y. He went to the district school and at the age of seventeen,
for a few months, attended a select school in Lockport, N. Y. He then began
teacliing school. The death of his father in 1844 compelled him, as the eldest
son, to return home and take charge of the farm, and he settled there after his
marriage. In April, 1855, he removed with his family to Lockport. He
there engaged in brickmaking, but soon went into farming again, and he carried
on market gardening on a large scale successfully for many years.

Mr. Trowbridge always felt a deep interest in the growtli and prosiserity of
the city. He was called several times to places of trust by his fellow citizens,
and always discharged the duties of public and private life with strict integrity.
He was able to satisfy his chief ambition, which was to have a comfortable
home, refined society and good reading, at the same time keeping up with the
news of the day. He traveled extensively in the West and South, seeking to
improve his health, during the last six years of his life.

children born in ogden. n. t. :

i. EiMiLY Venilia. b. Jlay 11. 1.S47 : m. Aug. 11. 187(1. William Romeo Weld

and resides in Waterloo. Iowa,
ii. Julia Sophia, b. Deo. 30. 1848: m. Dec. 29. 18Ci5, DeForest Porter of

I'hipnix. Ariz,
iii. Alice Rebecca, b. May 22, 1.S51 ; m. .luue 4. 1874. John H. Willey of

Lockport, N. \'.
iv. Cora Amelia, b. Nov. 0. 1853 ; d. Oct. 20. 1855.

11(!2. John Townsexd Trowbridoe {W'inrhnr S.^"'". Daniel^"^^, Joht)^"^'-,
John'^""', Thomas^""'-. James^'""'. Thomas^), bom September 18, 1827, in Ogden,
N. Y. ; resides in Arlington, Mass. ; married, first. May 9. 1860, in Lowell. Mass.,
Cornelia Warren, daughter of John and Jeannctte (Webster) Warren, born


May 1, 1834, in Hanover, N. H. ; died March 23, 1864, in Somerville, Mass. He
married, second, June 4, 1873, in Arlington, Sarah Adelaide Newton, daughter
of Aloiizo Eliot and Sarah Jane (Emery) Newton, born Januaiy 18, 1848, in
Portland, Me.

John T. Trowbridge led the life of a farmer's son. attending the district
school and working on his father's farm in Ogden, N. Y., until his seven-
teenth year, when he lost his father. He then went to live with a sister in
Lockport, N. Y., where he attended a classical school during the winter of
1844-45. He then taught school in Illinois and later in Lockport. Being pas-
sionately fond of books, and devoting himself to study out of school, he had
learned to read and translate French and German with ease, without the
assistance of a teacher. At this early period he read and digested the works
of the most noted of the English poetical and prose wi-iters, and conceived the
plan of himself becoming an author. In 1847 he went to New York City and
began to write for the press. He went to Boston, Mass., in 1848, and soon
became known as a writer of popular tales under the nom de plume of Paul
Creyton, and became active as editor and contributor to magazines and journals.

In the summer and autunin of 1855 he visited Europe, spending most of his
time in France and Italy. In the summer of 1865, and the subsequent fall
and winter, he made a tour of the South, visiting the principal cities and the
battlefields of the Civil War. He became senior editor of the widely cir-
culated monthly "Our Young Folks," and his contributions to it made that
magazine the most i>opular of its kind in the counti-y. He continued to be a
freqiient contributor after that' magazine was merged in the "St. Nicholas"
in 1873. He also wrote for "The Youth's Companion" and other jjeriodicals.
From 1888 to 1891 he spent three years abroad with his family, travel-
ing and educating his children, and living chiefly in Italy, Switzerland and
Germany. He has published a large number of books, written ostensibly for the
young, but intended also for older readers. He received the degree of M.A.
from Dartmouth College in 1884.

Mr. J. T. Trowbridge is the author of the following books : "Father Bright
Hoi>es," 1853; "Martin Merrivale, His X Mark," 1854; "Neighbor Jackwood,"
1857 ; "The Drummer Boy" arid "Cudjo's Cave," 1863 ; "The Three Scouts,"
1804; "The South and Its Battle Fields," 1866; "Neighbors' Wives," 1867;
"The Vagabonds and Other Poems," 1869; "Lawrence's Adventurers," 1870;
"Jack Hazzard and His Fortimes," 1871; "A Chance for Himself" amd
"Coupon Bonds and Other Stories," 1872; "Doing His Best," 1873; "Fast
Friends," 1874 ; "The Young Surveyor" and "The Emigrant's Stoi-y and
Other Poems." 1875; "The Book of Gold and Other Poems," "His Own
Master" and "Bound in Honor," 1877; "Young Joe and Other Boys," 1879;
"The Silver Medal," 1880 ; "The Pocket Eifle" and "A Home Idyl and Other
Poems," 1881; "The Jolly Eovei-" and "The Tide Mill," 1882; "Phil and
His Friends," 1883; "Farnell's Folly," 1884; "The Little Master" and "His
One Faidt," 1886; "Peter Budstone." 1887; "A Start in Life," "Biding His
Time" and "The Lost Earl and Other Poems," 1888; "Adventures of David
Vane and David Crane," 1889; "The Kelp Gatherers," 1890: "The Scarlet
Tan.iger," 1891: "The Fortunes of Toby Trafford," 1892; "Woodie Thorpe's
Pilgrimage," 1893; "The Satinwood Box," 1894; "The Lottery Ticket," 1895;
"The Prize Cup," 1896; "Two Biddicut Boys and Their Adventures with a
Wonderful Trick Dog," 1898 ; "My Own Story," 1903.

J. T. Trowbridge stands in the front rank of American prose writers and no
American author has reached a wider public. By his stories for boys and girls,
such as "Neighbor Jackwood" and "Cudjo's Cave," his novels, and his
universally popular poems, he has endeared himself to the readers of two
generations.. Of his "Jack Hazzard Series" it mny be said that they are almost
unrivaled of their class. They are faithfid studies of character and life —


^%^^^i.iA:;^^ /^7^^^^L<Jt/ ^


wholesome, fascinating, inspiring. In the story of his own life he tells of
his boyhood on a fann in Western New York, of his struggles to secure an
education, and his first eS'orts as a writer, which led him to New York and
Boston, where he was thrown with some of the most eminent and picturesque
men of the day. His reminiscences of Walt Whitman, Father Taylor, Emerson,
Alcott, Longfellow and other men of letters are fresh and charmingly told.
His autobiography, in fact, is notable for its vivid pictures of the past and
its doliglitful styl.?. He is the only surviving member of the famous grouji
of New England authors, which included Longfellow, Emerson, Whittier, Lowell
and others. Mr. Trowbridge celebrated his eightieth birthday on September IS,
1907, at his home on the beautiful shores of Arlington Lake, seven miles from


By first marriage:

i. Alice, b. Mar. 29, 1801, in Soraerville. Mass. ; d. that day.

ii. WiNDSoi! Wai;ken, b. Feb. 11, IS&i, in Sonierville ; was graduated from tlie
high school in Arlington,, but his uncertain health prevented him
from entering college. He was devoted to the study of birds, of which he
left a very tine collection, mounted very beautifully by himself. If he had
lived, he would, doubtless, have become a noted ornithologist. He died
in Colorado Springs, Colo., where he had gone in search of health, Mar. 19,
1884 ; unm.

By second marriage:

iii. Ge.\ce E\-elyn. b. July 24, 1874, in Arlington: m. July 21, 1904, Herbert H.
Yeames of Hobart College. Geneva, N. Y., where they reside.

iv. EniTH Ve>ilia. b. Aug. 1. 187(5, in Arlington; m. Oct. 12. lOW, Carl Hans
Vom Baur and resides in New York City.

V. Arthur Towxsend, b. Aug. 2.j, 1S83, in .\rIington; was graduated as a
mechanical engineer from the Ma.ssachu.sett.s Institute of Technology in
1906. He immediately took the position of drafting engineer with the
Gifford-Wood Company in Iludson. N. Y. He remained there until
November, 1907, when he came to New Haven, Conn., to take a position in
the line of his profession with the ^Yincbeste^ Repeating Arms Company,
with which he is at present connected. He is unmarried.

1103. Charles Augustus Trowbridge (Stephen F.'""', Lidher'^''^-, Thomas'"''^'^,
Jo/in^""', Thomas'^'"'-, James^"'"', Thomas^), bom August 5, 1817, in Horseheads,
N. Y.; died April 13, 1889, in New York City; married August 1. 1873, in
New York City, Mrs. Adelaide (Eose) Sayre.

Charles A. Trowbridge came in childhood with his parents to Oakland county,
ilich. At the age of sixteen he left the farm and went to live with his tmcle,
C. C. Trowbridge, in Detroit, and began to prepare himself for a mercantile
life. His first experience was disastrous. He embarked in the milling busi-
ness at Wacousta, Clinton county, but the panic of 1837 ruined him, as it did
many others, and he went into bankruptcy, honestly turning over to his creditors
all his proi">erty, except the suit of clothes that he wore. Later he engaged in
the wholesale grocery business with S. P. Bredy in Detroit.

When the rich deposits of iron ore were discovered in Marquette county, he
was one of the pioneers in developing that business, which has gTown to such
immense proportions. He organized the Collins Iron Company and built a
furnace on the Dead river. The company owned a piece of land adjoining the
New York mine, from which the late Samuel J. Tilden derived a large portion
of his fortune. It was thought that the ore body of the New York must extend
to the adjoining quarter section, so the Collins Company sunk a shaft to
reach it, but without success. This was before the days of the diamond drill.
They worked at their shaft until their funds gave out, when they were obliged
to abandon it. When the panic of 1S73 came on they went to the wall, and
their land was sold under forcclo.sure of a mortgage. The purchaser went to


the old abandoned shaft, smik but four feet and struck the ore body from

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