Francis Bacon Trowbridge.

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ber 7, 1688, in New Haven, Conn. ; died January 2, 1734, in New Haven ;
married May 27, 1712, in East Hartford, Conn., Thankful Easton, daughter of

* By New Haven Town Records.

t By gravestone in Center Church crypt.

+ By gravestone in the "Granary biirial-sround."

S "Caleb Trowbridgo. gentleman. m.Tcle a freeman of New York City Apr. 24, 1695."

II See New Haven Probate Records, vol. 3, pp. 47-50. for the inventory of his estate.
It included "coined money, money at interest, plate, pewter, 6 bibles. 4 penltnives, gold, lead,
salt, molasses, mulatto girl, money scales, furniture," etc.
** By New Haven Town Records ; 1740, "aged 55" by gravestone in Center Church crypt.


Joseph and Hannah (Ensign) Easton, born December 4, 1687, in East Hartford;
died December 8, 175C,* in New Haven.

Stephen Trowbridge settled in his native town. He lived in his father's honse
on Meadow street. He carried on a successful cooperage business in New
Haven and also owned a farm at Oyster river. He was confirmed and com-
missioned May 11, 1721, lieutenant of the New Haven Troop,t and from that
time was known by that title. He was chosen selectman of the town in 1730.
He died, leaving a large estate.:}: His wife was admitted a member of the First
Church June 2, 172-4.


i. Maey, b. .Tan. 28. 1714-5; m. Mar. 22, 1743-4, Rev. Benjamin Woodbridge of

Woodbridge, Conn,

ii. Caleb, b. Jan. 8, 1716-7; d. 1748 in New Haven; unm.ll

iii. Thomas, b. May 8, 1720; d. 1748 in New Haven; unm.ll

iv. Sarah, b. Sept. ,5. 1722: m. May 24. 1770. .Tolin Whiting, Esq., of New Haven.

v. Elizabeth, b. Nov. 2. 1724 ; d. young, probably.**

10. vi. Stephen, b. Aug. 28, 172G.

8. Capt. Joseph Trowbridge (Thomas*, Thomas". Thomas^), bom April 1,
1699, in New Haven, Conn.; died August 20, 1763,+t in New Haven; married,
first, about 1730, in East Haven, Conn., Sarah Denison, daughter of John and
Grace (Brown) Denison, born May 10, 1708, in East Haven; died March 4,
1736,:}::]: in New Haven. He married, second, November 20, 1739, in East Haven,
Mary Woodward, daughter of Rev. John and Sarah (Rosewell) Woodward, bom
, 1706?, in Norwich, Conn.; died June 20, 1771, in New Haven.

Joseph Trowbridge was graduated from Hopkins Grammar School in his
native town in 1713. He lived in a substantial house on Water street east of
Meadow street in New Haven. He was a mariner and became a man of wealth.
He was one of the incorporators of the Union Wharf Company, and one of its
managing committee in 1745 and was a considerable owner of its stock. He
was chosen selectman of the town in 1747. On his tablet monument in Center
Church crypt is inscribed : "A man diligent in business, strictly honest in his_
dealings, skillful and prudent in his affairs, generoiis in his donations to the
poor, to the public and to the house of God."


By second marriagcM
i. .TosEPH, bapt. Aug. 2. 1741 ; d. soon.

11. ii. Joseph, b. Feb. 20, 1742-3.

iii. Mary, b. Sept. 10, 1744: m. June 20, 17G5, Timothy Jones, Jr., of New Haven.

12. iv. Caleb, b. Aug. 7, 1748.***

v. Elizabeth, bapt. ,TuIy 15, 1750; m. June 5, 1768, Isaac Jones of New Haven.
vi. Sarah, b. Jan. 6, 1752-3 : m. July 20, 1774. Elihu Hall of New Haven.

* By gravestone in Center Churcli crypt.
t "Colonial Records of Connecticut."

i His will, dated Oct. 6. 1733, was proved June 3, 1734. [New Haven Probate Records,
vols. 6, 7 and 9.]

§ By New Haven Town Records.

fl Administration on his estate was granted Nov. 21, 174.1.
*• Bapt. June 6. 1725. liut not mentioned in her father's will, dated Oct. 6, 1733.
tt By table monument in f'entor Chnrch crypt. His will, dated July 25, 1763, was proved
Sept. 20. 176.'i. [New Haven Probate Records, vols. 10-11.]
tt By gravestone in the crypt.
S§ By New Haven Town Records.
II II No children by first marriage.
•*• 1747-8 by New Haven Town Records.










9. Capt. D.4XIEL TROWBRaiGE {Thomas*, Thomas-, Thomas^), born October 25,
1T03, in New Haven, Conn.; died August 4, 1752,* in New Haven; married
April 8, 1731, in New Haven, Mehetablef Brown, daughter of Francis and
Hannah (Ailing) Brown, born April 0, 1711, in New Haven; died October 1,
1797,* in New Haven.

Daniel Trowbridge was given educational advantages by his father. He
attended Hopkins Grammar School and was graduated from Yale College in 1725.
He took up his residence in New Haven, and made his home there during his life.
His father's business interests caused him to turn to the sea and he commanded
vessels for a number of years before becoming a merchant on liis own account.
He resided on the east side of Meadow street just north of Water street. He
was among the original proprietors of Union wharf. He amassed a large for-
tune for those days and his inventory shows an estate of £4900. His grave and
that of his wife are marked by substantial stones in the crypt under Center


i. Hannah, b. June 3, 1732 ; d. Aug. 17, 1739.
ii. Daniel, b. Apr. 12, 1734; d. Feb. 29, 1740.

Joseph, b. June 15, 1736.

Newman, b. Sept. 7, 1738.

Daniel, b. Aug. 27, 1740; d. Sept. 1, 1742.

Thomas, b. May 2, 1742.

16. vii. Rutherford, b. Feb. 3, 1744.

17. viii. Stephen, b. Dec. 21, 174G.

18. ix. John, b. June 1, 1748.

19. X. Daniel, b. Oct. 23, 1750.

10. Stephen Trowbridgk {Stephen', Thomas'^, Thomas", Thomas^), born
August 28, 1726, in New Haven, Conn.; died April 25, 1796,* in New Haven;
married January 31, 1747-8, in New Haven, Lydia Burroughs, daughter of
Joseph and Lydia (Munson) Burroughs, born January 17, 1729, in New Haven;
died February 7, 1802, in New Haven.

Stephen Trowbridge inherited his father's house on Meadow street in New
Haven. He was a joiner by trade. His grave is in Center Church eryi^t.


i. Stephen, b. June 16. 1748 : d. Aug. 20, 1806, in New Haven ; unm.
ii. Amos, b. Nov. 30, 1750; d. Oct. 4, 1701, in New Haven. He wa.s graduated
that year from Hopkins Grammar School.

20. iii. Joseph Easton, b. June 14, 1752.
iv. Sarah, b. , 1755 ; d. young.

v. Ltdia, b. Dec. 23, 1757; m. Nov. 26, 1777, Capt. John Miller of New Haven.

11. Joseph Trowbridge {Joseph^, Thomas*, Thomas-, Thomas'^), born Febru-
ary 20, 1742-3, in New Haven, Conn.; died January 9, 179.3, in New Haven ;|
married December 10, 1766, in New Haven, Sarah Sabin, daughter of Col.
Hezekiah and Mercy§ (Power) Sabin, born July 20, 1745, in New Haven; died
in July, 1804, in Colebrook, Conn.

Joseph Trowbridge prepared for college at Hopkins Grammar School,
New Haven, and was graduated from Yale College in 1763. He lived for
a time in Southington, then a parish in tJie town of Farmington, Conn. He
soon returned to his native place and resided in his father's house on Water

• By gravestone in Center Churcli crypt.

t So spelled by tier when she signed her name to a deed ; Mejietabel in Christ Church
Records. Stratford. Conn., wherein in IToO were recorded the baptisms of her children iii-iv
and vi-x ; Mnbrl on gravestone and so called by her family.

+ By First Church Records.

§ By gravestone ; Mary by New Haven Town Records.


street, near the corner of Meadow street. He had no occupation and lived in con-
siderable luxury until the impairment of his fortune compelled him to reduce
his expenses and he then removed to a less pretentious building on Grove street,
where he died.* After his death his widow and children removed to Colebrook,
Comi., where the family of the Rev. Dr. Jonathan Edwards, the husband of her
sister, resided.


i. Sally,! b. Sept. 5, 1767; d. June 3, 1837, in Lenox, Mass.; unm.

ii. PoLLT.t b. Feb. 22, 1769; d. Sept. 16, 1824, in Lenox; unm.

iii. BET.SEY,t b. Aug. 2, 1770 ; m. , 1704, Eiias Parmelee of New Haven.

iv. Fanny,! b. Apr. 15, 1772; d. Nov. 5, 18-18, in Lenox ; unm.

V. LuciNDA.J b. June 22, 1773 ; d. Jan. 5, 1818, in Lenox ; unm.

21. vi. Joseph, b. Feb. 13, 1776.

vii. Hezekiah, b. Nov. 1, 1778 ; d. in Aug., 1810, in Denmark, N. Y. ; unm.§

viii. ROSEWELL, b. Feb. 12, 1784; d. in Sept., 1810, in Denmark: unm.§

ix. Laura, b. Apr. 28, 1787; m. Nov. 17, 1806, William Derbyshire of Denmark,
N. Y., and Lenox, Mass.

12. Capt. Caleb Trowbridge (Joseph^, Thomas*, Thomas-, Thomas'^), bom
August 7, 1748,11 in New Haven, Conn.; died December 15, 1799,** in New
Haven; married November 29, 1769, in New Haven, Anna Sherman, daughter
of James and Sarah (Cook) Sherman, born February 12, 1749, in New Haven;
died April 12, 1827, in New Haven.

Caleb Trowbridge made his home in his native town and turned to the sea for
an occupation, becoming a captain of a vessel at an early age. At the outbreak
of the Revolution he had become a well-known man in his profession. The
Second Company, Governor's Foot Guard, had been organized shortly before
the Lexington alarm and it volunteered for service, being out twenty-eight days.
He was commissioned captain of this company, succeeding Benedict Arnold
(then appointed a colonel) May 1, 1775. Soon after he received a captain's
connuission he returned to New Haven, and in a few days raised a fine company
of volunteers. He employed a man named Fitzgerald to teach them the manual
exercise, and they met for that purpose in Captain Trowbridge's parlor, which
for a time was changed into a drill- room. He served until his discharge Decem-
ber 10. He re-entered the service the following year and served with the 1st
Regiment of Continentals under General Wooster at the siege of Boston. He
was commissioned on January 1, 1776, captain in Jedediah Huntington's regi-
ment, the 17th Continentals, after the siege of Boston and marched under
Washington to New York. He was ordered to the Brooklyn front and took part
in the battle of Long Island, August 27, 1776, and near Greenwood cemetery he
and most of his company were surrounded by the enemy and taken prisoners.ft

Captain Trowbridge's term of service expired December 31, 1776, but "he was
a prisoner nearly two years, a part of the time on Long Island, and the remainder
in the old sugar house on Liberty street, which was removed but a few years
ago. It was his unwillingness to yield to the wishes of his captors that caused
him to be detained so long a prisoner, as an officer of equal rank was frequently
offered in exchange. The British demanded that he should not again take up
arms against them, a consideration to which he would not agree. On the con-

* Dexter's "Biographical Slietches and Annals of Tale College," vol. 2.

! So baptized.

t Called Lucy.

§ By "Trowbridge Family."

II 1747-8 by New Haven Town Itecords.
•* By First Churcli Records.
•ff "Connecticut in the Revolution," pp. IS, 41 and 101.


trary, he told them that as soon as he should get his liberty, he would 'be at
them again.' His imprisonment was much easier than it would have been had
not his wife* sold her plate, and found means to forward him the money to Long
Island, with which he purchased many privileges that were denied to other
prisoners. Upon his release he returned to New Haven, and after waiting some
time for a major's commission, which had been promised him, he became
impatient, repaired to Boston, and taking out letters of marque, commenced a
warrior's life upon the sea. After remaining in this calling awhile, he again
returned to New Haven. A company of citizens had fitted out a vessel for the
West Indies, which was upon the point of sailing when the British cruisers made
their appearance. The vessel was taken above the bridge, and shot fired at her,
in order to sink her, and thereby prevent her falling into the enemy's hands,
when, by some accident, she took fire and burnt to the water's edge. The hull
was soon after raised, built into a brig, and fitted out for a trading voyage to
Holland, and Captain Trowbridge put in command. She was well armed, and
took several prizes. She made two voyages to Amsterdam in the most exciting
period in the war, when the ocean was covered with British cruisers, in search of
French, Spanish, Dutch and American vessels. The name of this little vessel
was The Fire Brand, from the circumstance of her having been built from a
burned hull."t

"The house of Captain Trowbridge, on the corner of "Water and Meadow
streets, did not fare as well at the time of the British invasion of New Haven
as did that of his cousin Eutherford. It was furnished with unusual elegance
for those days, and was replete with conveniences and luxuries, and the cellar
was stored with choice wines and liquors. The enemy, on learning that the
owner was the commander of a war vessel cruising against British commerce,
sacked his house, and brought his fine furniture out to the street and burned it.
Long afterward when the house was undergoing repairs, bullets were found in
the ceiling and the wainscoting which had been fired into tlie building by the

The following anecdote of Captain Trowbridge strongly illustrates his firm-
ness and decision of character: — •

"Before the war Trowbridge and Arnold had some account together, the settle-
ment of which led to a dispute. They parted, Arnold saying, 'You meet me
to-morrow morning at — o'clock (naming the hour), and we will settle it.' Mr.
Trowbridge supposed him to be joking, and thought no more of it. Early the
next morning he was called from his bed by two gentlemen, who requested to
see him on particular business, and when informed that Arnold had repaired to
the spot designated by him the day previous, he was much surprised, but
expressed his determination to meet. Nor were entreaties to dissuade him from
it of any avail. Upon repairing to the swamp, just west of the present resi-
dence of Dr. Totten, he found Arnold waiting for him. He advanced towards-
him, when Arnold drew two pistols, and told him to choose one of them. He was
much surjirised, but not frightened, and without giving time to Arnold to guard
himself, rushed upon him and wrenched both pistols from him, throwing them
into the creek, and told him to go home; an order which he was not long in

Captain Trowbridge was elected a member of Hiram Lodge, No. 1, F. and
A. M., of New Haven in 1767.


i. Nanct, b. , 1770 : d. Nov. .3,§ 1S50, in New Haven : num.

22. ii. Joseph, b. Aug. 15, 1772.

iii. James, b. , 1774; d. July 10, 1782.

* She was admitted a member of the First Church May 29, 1808.

t Reprinted from "Trowbridge Family."

t Atwater's "History o£ the City of New Haven."

i Or 4, for both days are given in the town record.


23. iv. Caleb, b. Sept. 11, 1776.

V. John, b. , 1779 ; lost at sea when a young man • uum

VI. Sherman, b. , 1781 ; d. in Nassau, N. P »

24. vii. James, b. July 7, 1781.

viii. Maria, bapt. June 27, 1790 ; m. Aug. 26, 1807, Daniel Rose of New Haven.

13. Capt. Joseph Trowbridge (Daniel", Thomas*. Thomas^ Thomas^), bom
June 15, 1736, in New Haven, Conn.; died December IT, 1790,t in Savaimab
Ga.; married October 20, 1762, in New Plaven, Elizabeth Bishop, daughter of
Dea. Samuel and Abigail (Atwater) Bishop, born October 16, 1741, in New
Haven ; died September 5,1;. 1794, in New Haven.

Joseph Trowbridge was graduated from Hopkins Grammar School, New
Haven, in 1750. He made his home in his native town. He was a mariner
and a merchant, of the firm of Robert Townsend & Co., with an office on Long
wharf. In the early period of the Revolution he was chosen on the committee
of inspection December 11, 1775, and was active in the patriot cause. He
was elected a selectman of the town in 1779. He died on one of his voyages,
while at Savannah, Ga. His gravestone in that city describes him as "A citizen
, much respected for probity and integrity. He sustained a long decline of health
with calmness and resignation. Having maintained a reverence for the prin-
ciples and maxims of the Christian religion, he died in a good hope of future
happiness, through the merits of the Redeemer." In the inventory of his estate
is included a quarter interest in the brig James.


14. Newjiax Trowbridge (Daniel^, Thomas*, Thomas", Thomas^), born Sep-
tember 7, 1738, in New Haven, Conn.; died April 29, 1816,t in New Haven;

married, first, June 4, 1764, in New Haven, Elizabeth Bills, born , 1734'

1" ; died June 3, 1777,§ in New Haven. He married, second, September

2, 1778, in New Haven, Rebecca (Dodd)|| Cable, widow of Richard Cable of
New Haven and daughter of Thomas and Esther (Bishop) Dodd, born March 26,
1751, in New Haven; died February 5, 1808,t in New Haven.

Newman Trowbridge lived on Meadow street in New Haven and was a cooper
by trade. During the Revolution he was chosen on the committee of inspection
in March, 1778. He was elected a selectman of the town in 1780. He and his
wife attended Trinity Church in New Haven.


By first marriage:
i. Hannah, b. Feb. 1. 1765; m. June 1, 3786, Timothy Chittenden of New Haven,
ii. Elizabeth, b. Fel>. 10, 1769; m. June 1, 1790, Samuel Sherman of New

25. iii. William, b. July 23. 1772.

By second marriage:

iv. Sarah, b. July 13, 1779; m. June 10, 1802, James Mun.son of New Haven.

26. V. Newman, b. Nov. 8, 1781.

27. vi. RoswELL. b. Apr. 29, 1784.

vii. Rebecca, b. Sept. .">, 1780; d. Aug. 30, 1794.

28. viii. Isaac, b. Apr. 1. 1789.

29. ix. Richard, b. Nov. 18, 1791.

X. Timothy, b. Feb. 26, 1794 ; drowned Aug. 17, 1813, near the Sandwich Islands.

• "He left a son Jamrs, who ^cnt to sea from New Haven and was never heard of again."
["Trowbridge Family."] Sherman's widow may have been tlie "Mary Trowbridge" who m.
Dec. 20. 1809, In New Haven, Ebenezer Haws. (See footnote to No. 14.'!, v.)

t By gravestone.

t By gravestone. First Church Records and Rev. Dr. Stiles' diary ; 15 by New Haven Town

§ By gravestone In Center Church crypt and Trinity Church Records.

II A sister of the wife of No. 20.



15. Thomas Trowbridge (Daniel^. Thomas*. Thomas-, Thomas^), born May 2,
1742, in New Haven, Conn.; died August 25, 1782, in the prison-ship at New
York; married December 28, 1769, in New Haven, Mary Macomber, daughter

of Jeremiah and Sarah ( ) Macomber, baptized April 24, 1748, in Now

Haven. She married, second,* John Morris of New Haven, and died ,

1811, in New Haven.

Tliomas Trowbridge at the age of seventeen served in the French and Indian
War during the campaign of 1759. He enlisted April 4 of that year in the
Seventh Company. Capt. Amos Hitchcock, 2d Connecticut Eegiment, and was
discharged November 1, 1759.t In 1760 he was apprenticed to Amos Hitchcock,
Jr., io learn the house joiner's trade, which he followed until the outbreak of
the Eevolution. He enlisted in the patriot army, and served in the Fifth Com-
pany, Capt. Caleb Mix, 2d Eegiment of Connecticut militia, at the time of the
British invasion of New Haven. $ He continued in the service, and was taken
prisoner and confined on the Jersey prison-ship at New York, where he died
during his confinement.

He lived in New Haven in a brick house, still standing, on the southeast
corner of Columbus avenue and Christopher street. He was admitted a member
of White Haven Church in 1771. In the inventory of his estate there is mention
of "stock in the firm of Eobert Townsend & Co." and "right in the still-house."


i. Mary, b. , 1770 : d. Sept. 4, 1772.

.30. ii. Thomas, bapt. June 20. 1773.

iii. Polly, bapt. Oct. 29, 1775; m. John Dayton of Hudson, N. Y.§

iv. JiABEL, bapt. June S, 1777 : d. Jan. 1, 1780.

V. Sally, bapt. Mar. 28, 1779; m. June 1, 1797, Charles Bostwick of New Haven.

31. vi. JOHN.II bapt. Sept. IG, 1781.

16. EuTiiERFORD Trowbridge (Daniel", Thomas*, Thomas", Thomas'^), born
February 3, 1744. in New Haven, Conn. ; died April 6, 1825, in New Haven ;
married, first, July 9, 1767,** in New Haven, Dorcas Hitchcock, daughter of Capt.
Amos and Dorcas (Foote) Hitchcock, bom November 10, 1746, in Woodbridge.ff
Conn. ; died February 12, 1788, in New Haven. He married, second, January 1,
1793, in New Haven, Thankful (Ailing) Mix, widow of Nathaniel Mis of New
Haven and daughter of .Tohn and Abiah (Hitchcock) Ailing, baptized October
12. 1755. in New Haven ; died August 8, 1S31, in New Haven.

Eutherford Trowbridge resided all his life in his native town. He learned
the mason's trade, which he followed for some years, and acquired considerable
wealth. He lived in a brick house, built in 1774, the second brick house in New
Haven, which is still standing, near the southeast corner of Water street and
Columbus avenue. After the Eevolution had begim he petitioned for the right
to manufacture salt-petre,:)::}: which was granted him by the state and he received
the first bounty for making that commodity. He conducted his salt-petre works
on the large plot of land opposite the present railroad station, which had been
set off to the original Trowbridge settler, and there, where the tide ebbed and
flowed, were the big water lots where the salt-petre was manufactured. A large

• Before 17S0.

t "Connecticut Historical Collections," vol. 10, p. 1.18.

t "Connecticut in tlie llevolntion," p. 623. Descendants of No. 14,% have never claimed the
above service for him, and at that time tie was not fifteen years old.

§ Was she the "Polly Trowln-idse" who m. Mar. 23. 1706. Daniel Brown, 2d, of New Haven?
He d. 1800. She signed her maiden name, however, to a deed dated Aug. 17, 1798.

II Always called as above, but baptized Jonathan.
•• By First Church Records,
tt Then Amity.
tt "Connecticut State Records," vol. ], p. 283.


share of that article used in the Eevolution was produced on that site and was
sent to Enfield to be used in the manufacture of powder. He was a man of
sterling integrity and worth. He was an intimate friend of President Dwight
of Yale College. He was admitted a member of the First Church October 26,
1788, the first admission under Rev. James Dana. His wife Dorcas had been
admitted February 25, 1781. He was one of the early members of Hiram Lodge,
No. 1, F. and A. M., of New Haven, being elected in 1765. His gravestone in
the Grov'e street cemetery is a fine example of the old-fashioned sandstone monu-
ment and recites that "He met death, not as a king of terrors, but as a messenger
of peace."

"Rutherford Trowbridge was an earnest patriot during the Revolution. At
the time of the British invasion of New Haven, -^vlien the alarm was given that
the British were coming, he placed his wife and children in a boat at the dike
just east of his house, and sent them up the Quinnipiack river to the north side
of the town, where they left the boat and followed a road plan he had marked
out for them until they reached the 'Woodbridge oak,' a well-known land-
mark.* The family left in so much hurry that a batch of bread put
into the oven to bake was left there. Having thus provided for their
safety, Mr. Trowbridge took his musket, an old 'king-'s arm,' with powder-
horn and bullet-pouchjf all of which had done good service in the French
War in Canada, and went out with the volunteers to West Haven. He
with others went down towards West Haven green and attacked the British.
He was accustomed to say that 'after crossing west bridge, every man seemed
to be fighting on his own hook.' When the enemy came on in force and were com-
pelled to march up to Hotchkisstown, he went to the hills at their left and
aided in annoying them by firing from behind trees and walls. He said that
the British kept together and did not attempt to pursue tlieir assailants on the
hill sides, but returned the fire whenever they could see the patriots, and that
bullets came whizzing abundantly past the heads of those who were behind the
trees. After the enemy gained possession of the town, Mr. Trowbridge was there,
but did not dare to go to his own house lest he should fall into their hands. His
house was in plain sight from another, since known as the Totten house, at the
corner of West Water and Meadow streets. At this latter place, then inhabited
by Capt. Thomas Rice, who was a Tory, General Garth and other British officers
were entertained. Captain Rice was a strong personal friend of Mr. Trow-
bridge, though they differed diametrically as to public affairs. Some of the
British officers noticed the house of Mr. Trowbridge and asked, 'Who lives there?'

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