Francis. Concio ad clerum. 1722Be the first to wr ty of the civil powers in matters of religion. 172.

The Naval chronicle : containing a general and biographical history of the royal navy of the United kingdom with a variety of original papers on nautical subjects (Volume 30) online

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Online LibraryFrancis. Concio ad clerum. 1722Be the first to wr ty of the civil powers in matters of religion. 172The Naval chronicle : containing a general and biographical history of the royal navy of the United kingdom with a variety of original papers on nautical subjects (Volume 30) → online text (page 1 of 66)
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THE UNIVERSITY
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FOR 1813;

CONTAINING A

GENERAL AND BIOGRAPHICAL HISTORY

OF

THE MOYAL NAYY '

OF THE



WITH A VARIEfY OF ORIGINAL PAPERS ON
NAUTICAL SUBJECTS.



U.VDJCR THE GUIDANCE OF SEVERAL

LITERARY AND PROFESSIONAL MEN.



, VOL. XXX.

(FROM JULY TO DECEMBER.)



TV regere imperio poptlot Britanne
Hae tibi ervnt artet



" These are imperial am, and worthy thee."



LONDON:

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TO

JOHN HUNTER, ESQ.

VICE-ADMIRAL OF THE WHITE SQUADRON,
THIS THIRTIETH VOLUME OF THE

jRatml C&ronicle

IS RESPECTFULLY DEDICATED,
BY THE PROPRIETOR,




PLATES IN VOLUME XXX.

From Original Designt.



PLATE

CCCXCIV. Portrait of the Hon. COURTENAY BOYLE, R. N. Engra-
ved by BLOOD, from a Miniature Painting 1

CCCXCV. View of CUACRA-BRACANZA, a Royal Domain, on the
Rio de Janeiro, in Brazil Engraved by BAILY, from a
Drawing by R.S &

Five engravings on Wood, by BERRYMAX, representing Captain Man-
derson'a Mode of clearing the English Channel of Enemy's
Cruisers 108

CCCXCVJ. View of the District of WHANANO, Island of OTA IIEITE.

Engraved by BAILY, from a Drawing by G. T. 1793 141

CCCXCVH. Chart of MINDORA, or NORTHUMBERLAND STRAIT.
Engraved by Rowc, from the Original, in the Possession of
Captain Lord Viscount Torrington..... ............... 154

CCCXCVIII. Portrait of Rear-admiral WILLIAM TRUSCOTT. En-
graved by Blood 177

An Engraving on Wood, by BERRYMAN, representing Captain Mander-

son's system of blockading the Bay of Biscay 208

CCCXCIX. STRAIT OF BASILAN. Engraved by Rowe, from the
Original Chart, in the possession of Captain Lord Viscount
Torrington, R.N 816

CCCC. View of the ISLAND OF. AMSTERDAM. Engraved by BAILT,

from a Drawing by E. .-.. 32 1

An engraving on Wood, bv BERRYMAN, representing Mr. FRANCIS

Guow's Storm or Boat Compass, &c. S24

CCCCI. Portrait of the late Captain JAMES NEWMAN NEWMAN,
R. N. Engraved by SCRIVEN, Historical Engraver to the
Prince Regent, from a painting by A. J. OLIVKR, A. R. A.. . 361

CCCCIL View of SAN SEBASTIAN. Engraved by BAILY, from a

drawing by W. P........... ........ ...... 416

CCCCHI. Portrait of Lieutenant WILLIAM ELLETSON KINO. En.

graved by BLOOD. 449

CCCCIV. Chart of NANKA ISLANDS in the Strait of Banca. Engra-
ved bjr ROWE from a Survey by W. MACKELLAR 48t

CCCCV. Frontispiece to the Volume. Monument erected in West-
miniter Abbey, to the memory of the late Captain RICBARC
MILLAR, R.N.



PREFACE



W,



E scarcely remember a night when that vast ocean, the public mind,
appeared more agitated and rising into turbulent fluctuation, than in the
evening of the 24th, when this our Thirtieth Preface was preparing to b
sent on board. The Speech of Buonaparte to the Senate had arrived it
had been seen by many, yet read only by a few : the preliminaries of peace
had been certainly signed ; and Lord Castlereagh was tkat very night to
embark in a frigate for the Continent, and to conclude the Pacification.

Now as the same false alarm may constantly happen during the great
events which both by arms and by diplomacy are likely to take place ; we
think it right, on firing this our THIRTIETH GUN, just to ascertain our
bearings, and to inform our friends afloat, how the land lies : and this we
Are of opinion cannot be done more effectually, than by .repeating the
signal, which, when the day broke, we observed flying on board that vessel
called THE TIMES :

" We cannot but highly applaud the resolution of the Cabinet, to send one of
its own Members to the head quarters of the Allied Sovereigns, to enter into the
most unreserved communication with them ; and should there be any appearance
of slackness in their councils, to animate them by that firm and consistent spirit of
policy which, in the almost entire wreck oi' nations, left England in herself great
and roajestical, and to every other state, in its turn, a shield and a protection.
Lord Castlereagh is the Nobleman to be honoured with this high and important
mission ; and surely a more honourable one has not occurred since Demosthenes
was sent by his countrymen to consolidate their alliances against the Macedonian
Tyrant. Let his Lordship remember the whole political wisdom of the illustrious
Grecian; let him remember the observation of our own BURKE, that ' Peace or
War are the great hinges on which the very being of Nations turns ; and that
Negotiations are the meaus of making Peace or preventing War; and are, there*
fore, of more serious importance than almost any single event of war can possibly
be."'

The Speech itself contained at least one truth, and that appeared at it;
very opening Splendid Victories have raised the glory of the French arn,s
during this Campaign ; defections witfioyt parallel have rendered those Vic-
tories useless ; all has turned against us !

We have endeavoured, throughout this Volume, to collect such docu-
ments as might illustrate the real character of Buonaparte, and the cruelty
which has been exercised, under his Iron Despotism, on such of our naval
officers as have fallen into his power. In our Biographical Memoir of the
Public Services of the Hon. Captain C. Boyle, we inserted (page 16) that
Officer's journal of the insults and hardships which himself and his ship's
company experienced when the calamity of shipwreck had thrown them



ti PREFACE.

into the power of the French army in Egypt, Some account of the situa-
tion of English prisoners in France, is given at page 117. The writer of
that account declared, " That the people generally detest Buonaparte, and
fear only prevents many from openly declaring their hatred. All the time
he was in prison, he was accustomed to hear murmuring, and repeated
terms of disrespect uttered against the French government." The letter
that was written by the lamented Captain Wright to Captain Wallis, then
his first lieutenant, a few days before his murder, is inserted at page 396";
and previous to the insertion of this letter, some account of these onicei*
was given at page 305.

Our present Volume will not, we trust, he found deficient in the atten-
tion that has been paid,, beside the Letters on Service, to our naval opera*
lions with the Americans. Some observations on Captain Broke ai:d hi*
gallant action are given at pages, 41, 69, 134, 160, 398, and 412. A
correction of the mis-statements in the public prints relative to the death of
the late American officer, Captain Allen, commander of their sloop Argus,
is inserted at page 180. The attack on Craney Island, with other pro-
ceedings on the American coast, at page 182. The names of the Chesa-
peak's guns, at page 183. And in A. F. Y.'s twenty-third letter, page
189, are some observations on our naval operations in America, which do
honour to the experience of that valuable Correspondent. Throughout our
interesting and original department of CORRESPONDENCE, our readers, we
trust, have found much to commend ; and we take this opportunity of
returning our sincere thanks to the different writers who continue to render
euch important service to our CHRONICLE ; particularly to Iron Gun
W. H. R. J. T. L. A Sailor Mr. Peche. Nestor. An American.-*
Philo Nauticus. Impartial. A. B. Havannah.-JeoJfery Grape Shot.-*-
C. C. C. -Albion. Oceanus. Captain Manderson, R.N. Barney. Na-
ralu.Mercator.Mr. Hall.C. H.JE.olus.B. C.A Friend to Naval
Merit. M.D. Vulcan.

We have endeavoured to make a return for these favours, by giving
nearly double the quantity of print to what we did in some of the preceding
numbers. On referring to each of our Thirty Volumes, we must be allowed
to declare, that neither industry nor expense have been spared : we wish,
indeed, to make our work still more worthy of the long support it has
received ; and should feel a pleasure in having every embellishment as well
executed, and as worthy of commendation, as the engraved portrait of the
late Captain NKWMAN ; for which, together with the Biographical Memoir,
we are indebted to the liberality of his connections. But, in that case, the
sale of our CHRONICLE must be very considerably increased. We state
this as a plain fact ; and not from any dissatisfaction on our part, at the
degree of patronage we have enjoyed : yet may we be allowed in this place
to remark, that, when we find upwards of 700 vessels of various force in
cvmraission, and look throughout the honourable and extensive List of



PREFACE. TH

Admirals, Captains, and Lieutenants, together with the Warrant Officers,
the Officers that are attached to our different Yards, and the Officers of
the Royal Marines, many of whom we know to be men of considerable
literary acquirements (as their excellent and well chosen library at Woofc-
wich would alone declare) We then, surely, may be permitted to regret,
that the trifling cost of three shillings a month, should frequently prevent
our CHRONICLE from appearing in the cabin, and lying with other perio-
dical works in the ward-room.

The Biographical Department of this Volume will be found particularly
interesting, and drawn from no common sources. At page 1 is given a
Memoir of the HON. CAPTAIN COURTENAY BOYLE, in which will be found
original documents that had not previously met the public eye, with an
account of his own sufferings, and those of his ship's company, whilst pri-
soners in Egypt. At p. 89 is a memoir of the ingenious CAPTAIN JAMES
MANDERSON. At page 177 a short sketch of the late REAR-ADMIRAL
WILLIAM TRUSCOTT, An additional Biographical Memoir of that much
respected veteran, ADMIRAL SIR ERASMUS GOWER, Knt. is given by an
old Correspondent, at p. 265, in which is inserted the previously unpub-
lished account of the loss of H. M. sloop Swift, in 1770. To Mr. G. the
able biographer of that meritorious and lamented officer, the late Captain
JAMES NEWMAN NEWMAN (p. 361), for having so richly contributed to this
head of our present Volume, we are under great obligations ; and should
opportunities offer, we hope he will not feel offended at our soliciting a con-
tinuance of his contributions. The concluding memoir, p. 449, is that 0f
Lieutenant WILLIAM ELLETSON KING.

The Bulletins of the Sufferings and Escape from a French prison of
Lieutenant O'Brien, who has since been advanced to the rank of Com-
mander, in which he at present remains unemployed, have occupied many
of our pa^es* with peculiar interest, both in the last and in the present
Volume ; and we fully intend to insert the conclusion of his adventures
early in our next Volume.

The next head which we have to notice, and which we conceive to be
among the most scientific in our Volume, is that of HYDROGRAPHY,
PILOTAGE, &c. We cannot sufficiently express the sentiments we en-
tertain towards our worthy Hydrographer, S., for his so kindly and
gratuitously conducting this department of the work. We hope also that
our friend the Hydrographer will not feel it as presuming, if we further

* At the particular request of many of our Subscriber - , as also of the Friends of
Captain O'Brien, we have to announce, that Mr. GOLD has in the press a new Edi-
tion of this Narrative, which will be printed under the inspection of Capt. O'Brien,
as a separate Pamphlet, in 8vo. the price of which is not expected to exceed Five
Shillings. A book is open for the insertion of Subscribers' Names, at the NAVAL
CIIHONJCLK OFFICF, 10:5, Shoe Lane, and (he Publisher has the satisfaction of
announcing, that the name of Hi* Iloyal Higlmuw the Prince Herein has been
heady received.



tiii

acknowledge the obligations we are under to him, not only for his unre-
mitting attention to that department in which he has so handsomely volun-
teered his special services, but also for the general literary interest he
has, since our first acquaintance, taken in the success of our work. We
are also much indebted to Captain Lord Viscount T'orrington, for his libe-
ral contributions to our Hydrographer, who, his Lordship will find, has
availed himself of the same, by regular and systematic insertion. We much
wish that other Officers would follow the distinguished example set by Lord
Torrington, by forwarding to our Ilydrographer such documents as pro-
perly appertain to that department. To CAPTAIN KRUSENSTERN, of the
Russian Navy, we feel greatly obliged, and are highly honoured by the
compliments he has been pleased to bestow on this department of our
work, as also by the liberal contributions we have lately received frem him.

R. S. is requested to receive our best acknowledgments for the Drawings
he has, from time to time, sent to us for our CHRONICLE ; particularly the
two South American picturesque views : his future favours will be re-
ceived with a due sense of their value.

- The three principal sources, whence our CHRONICLE must derive its sub-
sequent interest and estimation, are its BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIRS of the Pub-
lic Services of Naval OfficersIts ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE, on Subjectt
intimately connected with the Pro/mion and its Papers on HYDROGRA-
PHY, PILOTAGE, &c. These are certainly the great leading objects which
our labours should have in view ; but for the support of these sources we
must look to our Friends and the Profession in general, whose interest*
equally with our own would certainly be promoted by such communications
as may enable the humble but zealous individual who, at his own private
risk and expense, has hitherto conducted this Work through Thirty Volumes,
to increase, if possible, its great utility, and to add, by such means, to its
professional value.

Our NAUTICAL ANECDOTES, which always immediately follow our bio-
graphical Memoirs, give a variety to the Work, it would not otherwise
possess, and preserve a number of short detached facts which must other-
wise have perished* Our LETTERS ON SERVICE, which we have thought's
ef completing from the very beginning of the First French War, were
inserted on the same idea which induced the late Mr. Pitt to desire, that
all the naval and military letters which had appeared in the thick and
ponderous volumes of the Gazettes, might be reprinted in small volumes,
for the use of ministers and their friends. The Work which thus was pri-
vately printed, is, as mi^ht be imagined, extremely scarce ; and we there-
fore trust that we have rendered no inconsiderable service, by preserving
this important article in our CHRONICLE.

We cannot conclude our Preface, without again expressing our hearty
thanks to the contributor* nnd encouraers of our CHROMCLJ, and
wishing them a!i die- good they can desire.




'V 11 IV J



y






h un,i", . l; >'

_ /,



BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIR

OF THE

HON. CAPTAIN COURTENAY BOYLE, R.N.

COMMISSIONER Of THE TRANSPORT BOARD.



" AND GENTLE COURTHS7 AND FAITH

UNCHANGED BY SUFFERINGS, TIME, OR DEATH;
AND VALOUR, LION-METTLED LORD,
LEANING VPON ins OWN GOOD SWORD."

Wal'.cr Scott's Marmion, (Introduction).

THIS worthy descendant of the noble family of Boyle,*
was the early pupil and associate of the lamented Nelson ;
and is the second son of the late Edmund, seventh Earl of Cork
and Orrery, by the amiable Anne Courtenay, whose mother

* ft dates its origin from Lodowick Boyle, who lived in the reign of
Henry III. Sir Richard Boyle, first Earl of Cork, who was Lord High
Treasurer of Ireland, and one of his Majesty's honourable Privy Council,
was descended from Mr. Roger Boyle, who was born in Herefordshire ;
and was created Baron ofYoughall, Viscount Dungarvon and Earl of
Cork in 1620. The following is the account which this Sir Richard
Boyle gave of his early fortunes ; as inserted in the Life of his learned and
illustrious relation, the Hon. Robert Boyle, prefixed to the quarto edition
of his works. " When first I arrived," says Sir Richard, " at Dublin, in
Ireland, the 23d of June, 1538, all iny wealth then was '^7 1. 3s. in money,
and two tokens, which my mother had given me, vis. a diamond ring,
which I have ever since, and still do wear ; and a bracelet of gold worth
about ten pounds ; a taffety doublet, cut with, and upon taffety, a pair of
black velvet breeches laced, a new Milan fustian suit, laced, and cut upon
tnffety, two cloaks, competent linen and necessaries, with my rapier and
dasher : and since, the blessing of God, whose heavenly Providence
guided me hither, hath enriched my weak estate in beginning, with such a
fortune, as I need not envy any of my neighbours, and added no care or
burthen of my conscience thereunto. And the 23d of June, 1632, I have
served my God, Queen Elizabeth, and King Charles, full forty years ;
so long after, as it shall please God to enable me." This Sir Richard also
mentions, his buying a ship of Sir Walter Raleigh : " Being commanded
by her Majesty to attend at Court, it was not many days before her High-
ness was pleased to bestow upon me the office of clerk of the Council of
Munster, and to recommend me over to Sir George Carew, after Earl <*f
Totness, then Lord President of Munster. Whereupon I bought of Sir
W. Raleigh, his ship called the Pilgrim, into which I took a freight of am*

3i,&wj,CloI,XXX. a



NAVAL BIOGRAPHY.

was a daughter of Viscount Hinchinbrooke. None of
\ve believe, had ever before been in the royal uavy, excepting
Captain Boyle Walsingham who was lost in the Thunderer, and
to whom the subject of this Memoir was nearly related.

The Honourable Courtenay Boyle was born on the 3d of Sep-
tember, 1770 ; and, as appears from the documents before us,
which have been furnished by one of those who had long the hap-
piness of serving under him, he derived his first inclination for the
naval service, from having passed the vacation (September, 1780)
with his father, the Earl of Cork, at Plymouth ; who was then
Lieutenant-colonel of the Somerset militia, and commanded a
division of light infantry at Maker Heights. The scene which
every day there presented, certainly gave a naval bias to the
enterprising mind of our young seaman : As the celebrated
writer whence we have taken our motto justly observes in
Marmion

" That secret Power by all obcy'd !

Whether an impulse, that has birth

Soon as the infant wakes on earth,

One with our feelings and our powers,

And rather part of us, than ours;

Or whether fitlier termed, the sway

Of habit, formed in early day ?

Howe'er deriv'd, its force confess'd,

Rules with despotic sway the breast;

And drags us on by viewless chain,

While tnste and reason plead in vain ......

He'll say, from >/outh he lov'd to see

The White Sail gliding by the tree."

The decided turn for the navy which his son had thus taken$
was immediately encouraged by the Earl x>f Cork ; and he con-
sented that the young man should try the strength of his mind:
and constitution, by taking a cruise (Sept. 12 18th Oct. 1780),
with Captain John Carter Allen, in the Gibraltar, of 80 guns,
then attached to the Channel fleet. The Hon. C. Boyle was thus
introduced into the service, under one of its first officers ; whose
character at. that time and ever afterwards, stood deservedly high

jnunition and victuals, and came in her myself by long seas, and arrived af
Carrig-Foyl-Kerry, where the Lord President and the Army were at the
siege of the Castle." The present Earl, v,-b,o is a l^utenant-general in tlrC
Army, is brother to Captain C, Boyle,



HON. CAPTAIN COURTKWAT BOYLE, R.V, 3

In the profession. Captain J. C. Allen fought several actions with
the enemy, and greatly distinguished himself he died an admiral :
but as his public services have never been chronicled as thejr
deserved, a knowledge of his skill and merit remains chiefly with
such officers as had the honour of his acquaintance.

When Lord Cork had sufficiently proved the inclination of his
enterprising son, by this his first cruise, he was removed on his
return for some time to a naval academy at Greenwich ; and
then again sent to sea, February 19, 1781, in the Latona frigate,
of 30 guns, commanded by Sir Hyde Parker. In this ship, Mr.
Boyle commenced his career as a midshipman ; and as a due dis.
thargo of the duties of that station, are of such essential conse-
quence to the reputation and professional character of every officer,
we shall here subjoin the admirable letter which our lamented
Nelson, the subsequent friend and commander of Mr. Boyle, sent
to a young man on his attaining that first step in the rank of the
British navy: " Dear Charles: As Captain HWyer has been
so good as to say he would rate you MID, I sincere/]/ hope (hat
your conduct zcill ever continue to deserve his kind notice and pro-
teclion^ by a strict and very active attention to your duty. If
you deserve :ccll y you are sure of my assistance. Mr. Scott mill
furnish you zcith money to be.gin your 3Jess, and I shall allots you-
thirty pounds a year, if it be necessary ', zchich Cqpiain II illy cr
will supply you with. And as you from this day start in the
xorld as a zn, ltnt*t thai your future conduct in life v: ill prove
you both an officer and a gentleman : recollect, that you must be
a seaman to be an officer ; and ulso^ that you cannot be a good
officer without being a gentleman. I am alicays, zcith most sin-
acre good v:ishes t your truefriend y NELSON 6f BROKTE."

February 19 October 31, 1781. The Latona was employed
in the North Sea, attached to the fleet under the command of
Admiral Parker, father of Sir Hyde ; and Mas one of the
repeating frigates in the action on the Dogger Bank, August 5th,
1781. In this ship Mr. Boyle fell from the booms into the orlop ;
which accident obliged him to go on shore for his recovery,
during this interval, he was placed under the tuition of the Rev.
Mr. Pitt, in London ; he then was appointed to the Goliath, un*
til April 8th, 1783, when he was scut to the Hoyal Academy afc
Portsmouth, where he remained until March, 1784.



4 NATAL BIOGRAPHY.

(1804.) The Hon. C. Boyle then re-commenced his naval
career with renewed spirit, under the auspices of the great Nelson,
in the Boreas frigate, of 28 guns, and sailed in her to the West
Indies, on the 19th of May. The following extract from a letter
written by Lady Hughes, who was on board, which has appeared
in the splendid Life of that Admiral,* will shew the manner in
which the young men in that ship were trained and gradually
enured to hardihood ahd enterprise by their parental commander.
tl As a woman, I can only speak of those parts of his pro.
fessional conduct which I could comprehend; such as his attention
to the young gentlemen who had the happiness of being on his
quarter-deck. It may reasonably be supposed, that among the
number of 30, there must have been timid spirits, as well as bold :
the timid he never rebuked : but always wished to shew them,
he desired nothing that he would not instantly do himself : And I
have known him say Well, Sir., I am going a race to the mast
head) and beg I may meet you there. No denial could be given
to such a request, and the poor little fellow instantly began to
climb the shrouds. Captain Nelson never took the least notice
in what manner it was done ; but, when they met in the top,
spoke in the most cheerful terms to the midshipman, and ob.
served How much any person was to be pitied, who could fancy
there zcas any danger^ or even any thing disagreeable^ in the
attempt.

" After this excellent example, I have seen (continues Lady
Hughes) the same youth, who before was so timid, lead another



Online LibraryFrancis. Concio ad clerum. 1722Be the first to wr ty of the civil powers in matters of religion. 172The Naval chronicle : containing a general and biographical history of the royal navy of the United kingdom with a variety of original papers on nautical subjects (Volume 30) → online text (page 1 of 66)