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chester. During his brilliant football career he has played
for the " Preston Grasshoppers," Manchester, and one
season with the Blackheath Football clubs. He was a

A A




Mounted
Competitions.



c. M. SAWYER.

(From a Photograph by Kay, Southport.)



402



RUGBY FOOTBALL.




splendid tackier, with great pace, and as a drop-kick was
unrivalled ; measures 6 feet in height, and when playing
scaled 12st. 4lb. R Hunt made his first appearance
for Lancashire in 1878 v. Yorkshire. In the following
years, 1879-1880, he was selected to play for the North v.
the South, and in 1880 gained International honours,

playing v. Ireland. In 1881
he played for England v.
Scotland and Wales (the
latter match being the lirst
International match between
the two countries), and again
in 1882 for England v.
Ireland. He is now in
practice as a medical man at
Blackburn.

James Thomas Hunt, a
brother of W. H., Robert,
and T. H. Hunt, originally
hailed from the " Preston
Grasshoppers," but, as a mem-
ber of the Manchester Club,
to which he also belonged,
he first played for Lancashire
v. Yorkshire in 1880, when he scored one of the tries
obtained in the match. He also played for the North v.
the South in 1880 and 1881, and obtained International
honours in the match v. Ireland on February 6th, 1882,
and so far justified his selection as to be included in the
English fifteen v. Scotland. In 1883 he again played for
the North v. the South, also appearing in the Inter-
national fifteen v. Wales in 1884. On this latter occasion
J. T. Hunt had the distinction of being the only
Northerner selected for a place in the team.

C. M. Sawyer, one of the most powerful three-quarter
backs that Lancashire has produced, was born in Man-
chester, in the year 1856. Early in his football career he
became associated with the Broughton Wasps, which,
after amalgamation with the Wellington Club, was known
as the Broughton Club. To this latter organisation he
was a "tower of strength," and, lor a man of his physique,
was exceptionally fast, a strong tackier, and, with the ball
in his opponents' "25," was considered almost irresistible.
He first played for Lancashire in 1877, and in this and



H. C. ROWLEY.
(From a Photograph Itij J. Huff, Penrith.)



COUNTY FOOTBALL.



403



many subsequent county matches he rendered valuable
assistance. In 1880 he was selected in the North team
v. the South, in which match he created such a favour-
able impression that he was the same year included in
the International fifteen v. Scotland. In the following
year (1881) he also played for England v. Ireland.

Hugh Campbell Rowley (born March, 1854). Those
who remember this celebrated player will agree that
he was one of the best all-round men who ever played
the Rugby game. He was originally a member of the
Bowdon and Lymm Club, where his value was speedily
recognised, and he was selected to play for Cheshire v.
Lancashire in the first match between the two counties
(February 24th, 1877), and was fortunate enough to
score the first try. Cheshire had thus the satisfaction
of scoring the first point of importance against their
formidable opponents. Subsequently, Rowley became
a member of the Manchester Club, and in 1879 played
for Lancashire, and it would be impossible to over-
estimate the efficient services which for several years
he rendered to that county.
He also played in several
North v. South matches, and
has been included in the
English International fifteen
on 110 less than nine oc-
casions viz., v. Scotland,
1879-80-81-82; Ireland, 1879-
80-81-82 ; Wales, 1881.

Campbell Rowley was one
of the most useful of foot-
ball players, very strong and
fast, was never done with,
could play any position in the
field equally well, and had his
whole heart in the game.

Hermann Henry Spring-
mann. In the long list of

Lancashire representatives there have been few more
consistent players than Springmann, who was born
at Liverpool in the year 1859. He was educated at
Craigmount, Edinburgh, and eventually associated him-
self with the Liverpool Football Club. His abilities
were speedily recognised, and in 1879 he was selected
A A 2




H. H. SPRINGMANN.

(From a Photograph by Mowll tfc Morrison
Liverpool.)



404



RUGBY FOOTBALL.




to play in the Lancashire fifteen, and acquitted
himself so creditably that in the same year he played
for the North v. the South, and again for England v.
Scotland. Shortly afterwards Springmann left for
America, only to reappear again upon the scene in 1886,
when it was soon discovered that he had lost none of his

old form, for in that year
he assisted the county team
v. Cheshire and Yorkshire.
Once more he was selected
to play for the North v. the
South, and finally was in-
cluded in the English team
v. Scotland, which match was
played at Manchester, March
5th, 1887. One journal,
commenting on the merits
of the different players
in this match, stated that
" Of the Northern forwards
Springmann was the pick,
and most creditably in this
great match closed his bril-
liant career."

John Henry Payne, the popular honorary secretary
and treasurer of the Lancashire County Football Club,
was born at Broughton, in the year 1858, and is the
eldest son of the late Mr. J. B. Payne, who will long
be remembered as a prominent cricketer and supporter
of the Broughton Cricket Club. J. H. Payne was
educated at the Manchester Grammar School and
St. John's College, Cambridge, where in 1881 he
took his degree as Bachelor of Arts. In early life
it was apparent he inherited a love for field sports,
more particularly cricket and Rugby football. He first
played for his school and the Wellington Football
Club, which was absorbed by the present Broughton
Club, and it was during his connection with the latter
that he obtained International honours, playing half-back
v. Scotland in 1882. In 1883 he played against Scotland,
Ireland, and Wales ; in 1884 against Ireland ; and in 1885
against Ireland, and Wales. In the Football Annual of
1885 he was appropriately described as " A most scientific
half-back, good at every department of the game ; picks



j. H. PAYNE.

(From a Photograph by Laforre, Manchester.*)



COUNTY FOOTBALL.



405



up pluckily, and passes unselfishly and with great judg-
ment." J. H. Payne also obtained his Blue for Cambridge
University, and captained Lancashire County successfully
for many seasons.

As a cricketer he has rendered efficient service to the
Broughton Club, where having shown exceptional pro-
ficiency as a wicket-keeper, he was selected to play in
the Lancashire County eleven. In his official capacity,
both as county secretary and as a Lancashire representa-
tive on the English Rugby Union, he has rendered
valuable service, and has taken a leading part in many
reforms introduced into legislation for the purification
and improvement of Rugby football.

Alfred Teggin, a native of Manchester, was born in
the year 1860. He was a member of the Broughton
Rangers F. C., and was one of the most sterling forwards
in England. In 1883 he played for Lancashire and for
the North v. the South. In 1884 he played for England
v. Ireland ; in 1885 he appeared for England v. Wales ;
and in 1886 and 1887 he was included in the English
International teams against
both Scotland and Ireland.

Edward Beswick, a
prominent Swintonian, who
rendered efficient service to
his club as a three-quarter
back, was included in the
Lancashire County team
which played v. Cheshire,
Nov. 29th, 1879. He also
played in many subsequent
county matches, and was
selected in 1881 in the
North team v. the South.
In 1882 he obtained Inter-
national honours, playing for

England in that year against (From a Photograph by Bradshaw, Hastings

both Ireland and Scotland.

Arthur Twiss Kemble was born in Cumberland in the
year 1862, and is the third son of the Rev. N. F. G. Kemble,
of Allerton, Liverpool. He is prominently identified with
the Liverpool Cricket and Football clubs, and has held
official positions in both organisations. As a football for-
ward he soon made his mark, being particularly smart in




A. T. KEMBLE.



406



RUGBY FOOTBALL.




JAMES VALENTINE.

(From a Photograph by Brown, Barnes & Bell,
Liverpool.)



the open, and always on the ball. He was first chosen to
play for Lancashire in 1883, and for several seasons

rendered valuable aid to the
county, of which at one
period, he was the captain.
In 1884 he played for the
North v. the South, and
gained his International cap

'* *** H*/ HI m 1-885 > pl avm o against
, ; j Wales and Ireland. He also

VI played v. Ireland in 1887.
/ Not only in football circles
has Kemble distinguished
himself, for he is probably
more widely known in con-
nection with the cricket field,
having succeeded the late
Richard Pilling as wicket-
keeper for Lancashire county.
It is well known how suc-
cessfully this popular sportsman has acquitted himself
in this department of the game.

James Valentine, another player who hails from the
football stronghold of Swinton, near Manchester, was
born on the 29th July,
1866. As a three-quarter
back he soon proved him-
self a worthy successor of
his noted predecessors, the
Brothers Farr and E. Bes-
wick. He was first selected
to play for Lancashire in
1884, and has taken part in
most of the county engage-
ments since that time. Al-
though a most .proficient
player, it was not until 1890
that he actually played for
England, although in 1888,
when International matches
were suspended, a team of

England was selected, and International caps were
presented to the fifteen, J. Valentine being amongst
the number. It was in no small degree owing to nis




TOM KENT.



COUNTY FOOTBALL. 407

fine play in the season of 1890-91 that Lancashire
obtained the distinction of champion county, for, in
addition to scoring sixteen tries in county matches, he
captained the team with great judgment.

Thomas Kent was born at Nottingham on June 19th,
1864. He became associated with the Salford Football
Club in the season of 1887-88, and proved himself to be
such a strong, sterling, hard-working forward that he was
promptly recommended for county honours, which he
obtained in the match Lancashire v: Somersetshire, on
the 21st January, 1888. Since that time he has figured
conspicuously in almost every county match. He was
selected in the North team v. the South which was
played at Eichmond, February 1st, 1890. In 1891 he
gained his International cap, and played against Wales,
Ireland, and Scotland, a distinction which he also
achieved in the season of 1891-92.



CHAPTER XX.

COUNTY FOOTBALL : YORKSHIRE.

YOUR Yorkshire County Committee is a wonderful
creation." So writes one of the leading spirits
of the Rugby Union. But "creation" is not the right term
to apply to the continuous phases of development which
have led to the establishment of the present Yorkshire
Rugby Union, an institution of which the followers of
Rugby football in Yorkshire are justly proud. To trace
the inception and development of this powerful organisa-
tion may be interesting, as exhibiting, in the successive
stages of the progress of the committee, a history in
miniature very similar to that of this nation perfecting
its constitution and always maintaining its freedom. At
first governed by five clubs, all independent, owing no
allegiance save that of their own will, and bound by no
ties save their desire to promote county football, this
period, that may well be termed the Pentarchy of York-
shire football, has been followed by vicissitudes that may
be likened to the successive periods of agitations in the
history of our own land as the " Wars of the Barons,"
" The Rise of the People," and the admission of all
classes to the franchise. In no county has there been
presented the spectacle of oligarchic rule developing into
democratic government in any manner to compare with
the history of the Yorkshire County Committee.

It has often been stated that the original executive
was self-elected, but the term is rather wide of the mark.
The origination of any committee (if the managers of
Yorkshire football could at that time be termed a com-
mittee) arose out of the match with Lancashire in 1870.
J. G. Hudson, then secretary of the Leeds Club, has the



COUNTY FOOTBALL. 409

honour of being the leader of the movement. It was he
who conceived the idea of Yorkshire playing a match
with Lancashire. The first match was played at Leeds,
and Howard Wright, the captain of the Leeds Club, led
the Yorkshire team. From this crude beginning dates
the foundation of the Yorkshire committee. Leeds,
Bradford, Huddersfield, and Hull took up the manage
ment of county affairs, simply because there was none to
dispute their right to govern. But the only work to be
done was in connection with picking the teams, and this
task devolved almost entirely on the captain, who was
always the representative of the club whose ground had
been selected for the match. Thus Howard Wright led
the team at Leeds, Alfred Bradley at Huddersfield, and
Harry Garnett at Bradford ; and when the matches took
place out of the county, Hutchinson of Hull held the
reins, and decided pretty much his own way as to who
should play or be left out.

It is generally supposed that H. W. T. Garnett was
the first to call a proper committee meeting together
prior to the Lancashire fixture of 1874 at Bradford, but
Garnett's own version of his joining the committee is
somewhat different. " My first match with the York-
shire team was against Durham at Darlington in 1873.
It was the first match we played with that county, and
we played a return match the same season (on March 21,
1874). When we went to Durham they neither met us
at the station nor gave us a luncheon. When the return
match was to come off at Leeds, I wrote to J. G. Hudson,
the secretary, asking for a seat on the committee. I
was invited to attend, and proposed the following resolu-
tion, ' That we should entertain Durham to luncheon at
the Queen's Hotel, drive them to the ground in a four-
in-hand, entertain them to dinner afterwards, and send
them all home drunk/ We successfully carried out the
programme with the exception of the latest clause. We
had to guarantee the expenses amongst ourselves, and I
can remember I undertook to guarantee 5, and actually
had to pay 3 10s. as my share of the deficit."

From 1874 the committee began to meet fairly
regularly, and this again at the instigation of Garnett,
who called the captains of the Leeds Athletic, Bradford,
Hull, York, and Huddersfield clubs to meet at the
Queen's Hotel, Leeds. The first members were B. Cariss




H. W. T. GABNETT.

President, 1876-1884.

(From a Photograph by Appleton <t Co.,

Bradford.)




A. K. HUDSON.

President, 1884-18S6.

(.From a Photograph by Slater, Llandudno.)




BAERON KILNER.

President, 1891-1S92.

(From a Photograph by G. and J. Hall,





J. A. MILLEB.
President, 1892-1893.

(From u Photorjru fli b;i Unpins, Leeds.)




M. NEWSOME. EEV. F. MAESHALL.

President, 1888-1890. President, 1890-1891.

(From a Photograph by Valentine Blanchard

Detotowry.)

THE YOEKSHIRE PKESIDENTS.



(From a Photograph bn J. E. Shan;
Huddersfield.)



COUNTY FOOTBALL. 411

(Leeds Athletic), H. W. T. Garnett (Bradford), \V.
Hodgson (Hull), Christison (York), and H. S. Brook
(Huddersfield). In lcS77 Garnett was formally appointed
captain of the team, and held the post till his retirement
in 1880. Garnett and Arthur Hudson were virtually
the founders of the present Yorkshire committee. To
Arthur Hudson Yorkshirernen owe the origination
of the Yorkshire Challenge Cup. His influence on
Yorkshire football was very great, and the late successes
of Yorkshire players in the neld are mainly due to the
wise counsels and far-seeing legislation of one whose
memory will ever be venerated by all Yorkshire football
enthusiasts.

Arthur E. Hudson never was a football player, and
his enthusiasm for the game dated from his stay in
Manchester in 1874-75, when he took an interest in the
Manchester Club. On his return to Leeds he took an
active part in Yorkshire football. Whilst in Manchester
he had observed that the Lancashire county players
were selected mainly from the Manchester Club. He
came to the conclusion that the combination in the team
arising from this circumstance was a great factor in the
run of success which fell to Lancashire in the matches
with Yorkshire, for up to that time Yorkshire could
claim only one victory in eight matches. Accordingly,
he conceived the idea of founding a club which should
play the same part in Yorkshire as Manchester was
doing in Lancashire, and hence arose the Yorkshire
Wanderers Club. This was raised on the ashes of the
Leeds Athletic Club and Potternewton, or perhaps it
would be kinder to say on the ashes of the former and
the amalgamation of the latter. Originally it was termed
the Leeds Club, but it afterwards became known as the
Yorkshire Wanderers, for whom such noted players as
the following appeared: Rev. E. H. Dykes, C. W. L.
Fernandes, Ben Cariss, C. H. Coates, A. J. Forrest, T. A.
Naylor, R. H. Fowler, A. R. Atkinson, Cecil Atkinson,
Gilbert Harrison, E. T. Hirst, C. Scharf, H. W. T. Garnett,
and others.

But Arthur Hudson had further ideas for the develop-
ment of football in Yorkshire, and, in conjunction with
H. W. T. Garnett and F. Schutt, originated the Yorkshire
Challenge Cup. This was the real basis of the com-
mittee's rule in Yorkshire. The idea thus mooted by



412 RUGBY FOOTBALL.

the gentlemen named above was taken up by the five
clubs, who formed themselves then and there into a
business-like assembly for conducting the entire affairs
of the county. Nothing could have been more fortunate,
as things have turned out, than the idea of the Cup
being made the pivot round which the whole machinery
of state had to turn. It has held the fabric together
ever since in a manner that could not have been achieved
any other way. The refractory, the rebellious, and the
wavering have all been brought to their senses by having
the Cup dangled before their eyes by the committee as
occasion required, and to-day finds the spell just as
potent as ever. The names of the executive at the
period of the institution of the Cup in 1876 were as
follows : H. W. T. Garnett (Bradford), who became
president, A. E. Hudson (hon. sec.), F. Schutt (Leeds),
E. Glaisby (York), H. Huth (Huddersfield), W. H. H.
Hutchinson (Hull). It is popularly supposed that the
Cup was presented and paid for by the five clubs. Such
idea is erroneous. The names of the five clubs founding
the competition are engraved upon the Cup, but the
Cup was purchased out of the proceeds of the final tie
in the first year of the competition.

It will be seen that at the origination of the Cup
contests the quintette of clubs that had had the manage-
ment of county football formed the first committee.
But the numbers and method of election of the com-
mittee soon underwent changes. The first great agita-
tion for reform arose at the end of the season 1879-80,
when general dissatisfaction was expressed at the ex-
clusive constitution and management of the then existing
committee, which was composed as follows : H. W. T.
Garnett (Bradford), president ; H. Huth (Huddersfield),
G. Harrison (Hull), G. T. Thomson (Halifax), and
A. E. Hudson (Leeds), hon. secretary and treasurer.
York had lost its seat, and Harrison, though coming
from Hull, did not sit as a representative of that town.
The Huddersfield Club, though directly represented on
the committee, took the initiative. The movement was
supported by the Wakefield Trinity, Dewsbury, Halifax,
Huddersfield, Leeds St. John's, Bradford Rangers, and
Kirkstall Clubs. B. Schofield, of Huddersfield, acted
as secretary to the " agitators." The agitation was '
vigorously conducted, and excitement was great in the



COUNTY FOOTBALL. 413

county. Seats on the committee were offered to the
Waketield Trinity and Dewsbury clubs. The former
accepted the offer and, along with the Halifax Club,
retired from the agitation, but the Dewsbury Club, having
pledged themselves to " united action," refused the
proffered seat unless the invitation was further extended.
Feeling ran high, and the committee further increased
the strength of the opposition by refusing to receive a
deputation on the subject. But wiser counsels pre-
vailed, and ultimately the following gentlemen J.
Watkinson (Hudderstield), B. Schofield (Hudderslield),
H. H. Doe (Leeds St. John's), M. Newsome (Dewsbury),
and W. Peat (Kirkstall) attended at a meeting of the
committee on the llth August, 1880, to explain the
views and state the grievances of the agitators. John
Watkinson was chief spokesman on behalf of the depu-
tation, and preferred the case in moderate language but
with strong argument.

After full discussion the committee decided to
invite representatives from the Dewsbury and Leeds St.
John's clubs to join their body. They also departed from
the principle ot absolute self-election, by proposing " to
submit the names of their nominees to the approval of
the clubs to which such nominees individually belong."
These concessions gave temporary satisfaction, and
matters were amicably settled. Subsequently the York
Club was asked again to send a representative, and at the
commencement of the season 1880-81 the committee
consisted of the following members : H. W. T. Garnett
(Bradford), president; H. Huth (Huddersfield), G. T.
Thomson (Halifax), G. Harrison (Hull), C. T. Baldwin
(Wakefield Trinity), A. Newsome (Dewsbury) ; J. B.
Ogden (Leeds St. John's), hon. sec. ; and A. E. Hudson
(Yorkshire Wanderers, late Leeds), hon. treasurer. J. B.
Ogden thus took the place of A. E. Hudson as hon. secre-
tary, who was compelled to resign that office through press-
ure of business. " Joe " Ogden was one of the leading
spirits of the Leeds St. John's Club from its formation in
1869 by his brother, T. J. Ogden. Though a county player,
he achieved greater fame at the game of " La Crosse," in
which he gained International honours, being a member
of the English La Crosse team against Ireland at Belfast
in 1881. No more genial or more popular fellow
exists than the facetious " Joe," who is all sport, and a



414



RUGBY FOOTBALL.




J. B. OGDEN.
From a Photograph by Dinnie, Leeds.)



Yorkshireman to the backbone, relieved with Leeds trim-
mings, for his attachment to the Leeds St. John's now

the Leeds Club is pre-emi-
nent. He took a leading
part in the great agitation in
London in 1882.

Ogden was succeeded at
the end of 1881-82 by his
club mate, T. Glover. Like
Ogden, Tom Glover was a
Leeds St. John's man, and,
curiously enough, he also
was more famous at La
Crosse than at Rugby foot-
ball. In 1881 he was chosen
in the English La Crosse
team which met Ireland at
Belfast, and scored two goals
out of the four obtained by
the Englishmen.
But though the agitation of 1880 was not successful
in obtaining all the points claimed, the committee were
evidently cognisant of the feeling in the county, and
proceeded to frame a constitution for the government of
Y orkshire football. The con-
stitution was published on
January 15th, 1883, and
though a great advance on
the previous system of elec-
tion of the committee, re-
tained the management in
the hands of certain clubs,
and left the selection of re-
presentatives practically in
the power of the retiring
committee.

And so, on the publication
of the constitution, F the York-
shire clubs commenced to
agitate for the election of the
committee at an annual meet-
ing of Yorkshire clubs in the

Rugby Union. A requisition to this effect was drawn up,
and a deputation attended a meeting of the Yorkshire




T. GLOVER.

(From a Photograph by Brown, Barnes and
Bell, Regent Street, It', i



COUNTY FOOTBALL. 415

committee on May 7th, 1883, but the committee decided
they could not accede to the wishes of the requisitionists,
though they would at an early date take into considera-
tion the advisability of increasing the number of repre-
sentatives on the committee. Accordingly, on May 21st,
the committee decided to accord a seat to the Hull Club,
W. J. Close being elected their first representative.

In August, 1883, the Thornes Club was elected to
membership in the place of the Yorkshire Wanderers.
It is generally supposed that Thornes earned their seat
under the rule that " the holders of the Challenge Cup,
if not already represented, shall have a seat on the



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