Francis White Johnson.

A history of Texas and Texans (Volume 4) online

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growing. It was some years, however, Ijefore he was
successful in interesting capital in the undertaking. In
the meantime, in 1892, he left the railroad service and
engaged in the real estate business in Houston, where
he was better able to promote the plans which he had
formed for the development of the rice fields. A few
small rice farms were started in Southeast Texas, but
nothing on an important scale was attempted. In 1895
and 1896, under the direction of Col. C. C. Gibbs, land
commissioner of the Southern Pacific Railroad Company,
he made two trips through the North and West in the
interest of the new industry. He distributed literature
on rice culture and supplied the emigrant agencies
throughout the Middle and Western states with sev-
eral hundred bundles of rice grown in Louisiana and
Texas. The efforts he put forth to induce Houston and
Galveston capital to purchase large areas of cheap land,
irrigate it and place it under rice cultivation, were un-
successful, but he did succeed to a certain extent in
interesting Northern capital. The Trinity Rice, Land
and Irrigation Company was organized and incorporated,
with a capital stock of $250,000, and the company pur-
chased 15,000 acres of laud for development. Mr. Moore
was vice president of this organization. Also he was
vice president of the Hill-Brown Irrigation Company,
which was organized soon afterwards, with a capital
stock of $45,000 and which purchased 6,000 acres. A
later organization was the Jloore-Cortes Canal Com-
pany, whose capital of $250,000 was subscribed largely
in Houston. This company, of which Mr. Moore was
president, bought 17,000 acres of land on the Colorado
River. The Texas Rice Development Company was
formed with a capital of $250,000 to purchase 22,000
acres in Metagorda county, and in this company also
Mr. Moore was a prime factor, being its vice president.
And he assisted in locating the Raywood canal, in
Liberty county. Individually and in connection with
the above named organizations, he has assisted in the
disposal of over half a million acres of land, a large
part of which has since been brought into a high state
of cultivation. The first pamphlet on rice cultivation
ever issued in Southern Texas was prepared by Mr.
Moore, in 1893, and his subsequent writings on the sub-
ject have been more extensive than those of any other
one person, and have found a place in a wide range of
publications. In 1903, Mr. Moore founded the town of
Palacios, in Metagorda county, on the Texas Rice De-
velopment Company's property. The Moore-Cortes Canal
Company entered into a contest with the Southern Pa-
cific Railroad Company to extend its line from Van
Vleck to Markham, and in order to get its further ex-
tension to Palacios, Mr. Moore gave his personal note for
$24,000 to secure said extension. Palacios at this writ-



ing has about 2,500 population and the adjacent country
is well settled and prosperous.

In recent years Mr. Moore disposed of practically
all of his interests in the rice industry, and since 1905
has been concerned principally with the development of
the oil industry. He is president of the Hardy Oil Com-
pany of Houston, and has holdings in other fields and
companies. He is also vice president of ' ' (Jlif ton by
the Sea" Townsite Company of Houston, and president
of the Terry Oil Company, a prospecting and develop-
ing organization.

Fraternally, Mr. Moore is identified with various or-
ganizations, "including the San Antonio Lodge, A. F. &
A. M.; Euthven Commandery No. 2, K. T. ; El Mina
Temple, A. A. O. N. M. S., and is a thirty-second degree
Scottish Bite Mason. He belongs to Houston Lodge No.
151, B. P. O. E., and to the Houston County Club, the
Travis Club of San Antonio, and the San Antonio
Country Club.

Mr. Moore was married in 1886, and he and his
wife are the parents of four children— Ferryman S.,
Annie Bess, Lydia B.. and Christie E. Mrs. Moore,
formerly Miss Emma Ferryman, is a daughter of Col.
W. W. Ferryman, an ex-Confederate ofiieer, now a resi-
dent of Liberty, Texas, and a relative of Colonel Travis
and Mr. Bowie and Mr. Bonham of Alamo fame. Their
residence in San Antonio is 217 East Elmira street.

Capt. John H. McCatjley. For many years the late
Capt. John H. McCauley, who died July 5, 1909, was a
business man and citizen of distinction in Wichita Falls
and vicinity. He had earned his title by gallant service
in the rnnfe.leratc army and from the close of the war
until ]i\' iriilli '\;i^ rlosely attentive to business and the
vaii,-; i 1 ' lips of"a long and successful career.

Hr !. ; I .i m uf worthy sons and daughters to per-

prtii.iir ! i- i!i^ Mhny and continue the influence of his
character, and Mrs! McCauley is now one of the highly
esteemed residents of Wichita Falls.

The late Capt. John H. McCauley was born in North
Carolina in March, 1837, and was therefore more than
three-score and ten years of age at the time of his
death. When he was a child the family moved to Texas,
locating at Henderson, in Busk county, where his parents
were among the very early settlers, his father being a
well-to-do farmer. Captain McCauley grew up in that
locality, had only an ordinary education such as was
afforded to Texas boys of that time, and had reached
manhood and was already a worker and self-supporting
citi7en when the war between the states broke out. He
made a record of efficient service in the Confederate
army and won the rank of captain in the Tenth Texas
Cavalrv, a ijiHnoiiiii.^d r:nalry regiment. After the war
he applied tu (lillncnt lines of business and for
many yeais \\:i- i.-iirdr,! as an expert mineralogist.
However, the IimiiIki Im'^iiicss was his principal voca-
tion for many j-ears, and it was in that line that he won
his greatest success. Captain McCauley located at
Wichita Falls during the early '80s, when that now
flourishing city was a mere village. There he engaged
in the lumber business with his brother-indaw, Captain
McDonald, who is now United States Marshal and a resi-
dent of Dallas.

Captain McCauley married M. T. McDonald, a daugh-
ter of Capt. B. ]?. and Eunice (Durham) McDonald.
Their marriage was celebrated at Henderson, in Bush
county, on December S, 1S70. Mr?. McCauley is of an
old and prominent T.xas f,iMiil\. and on both sides is
descended from di^t in jn^ln r| Snnthern lineage. Her
father was a captain m ili. i m, ic^lerate army and was

l<illed in the battle at nili. Mi-sissippi. He was born

in Winston inuiiU. \l -' , wliore the McDonalds

were prominent, and \li M ' ' Jiv's mother was a na-
tive of Keijiii ennriv, \l , "'' ■ and died November
10, ISS.'J, at Wichita I'all- I'm My. and Mrs. McCauley
were bnr'n the follouing children: Willie, born February

9, 1873, and died in 1911; Eula May, born August 4,
1874, and is the wife of A. E. Duke, of Wichita Falls;
John Henry, born September 9, 1878, and died in April,
1912; Dot, born December 13, 1881, and is the wife of
Frank < nllii a, a well-known clothing merchant of Wichita

Falls; I I„,iii July 30, 1887, m the drug business

at Mmeial Wells, was married September 30, 1913, to
Miss Idell I'.iannui,, ,,f Sweetwater, Texas. Mrs. Mc-
Cauley resiili's in the lieaiititul home in the best resi-
dential seetn.ii nt WirlMta I'alls, at 904 Bluff street,
and her suriouiidiiiys are these of a generous prosperity,
supplied by the successful business endeavor of her late
husband. She is also the owner of considerable town
property. The late Captain McCauley was affiliated
with the Masonic Order and, while always ready to
serve his community, and a man of influence among his
fellows, he never sought notoriety, filled no public office
and was entirely content with the substantial achievement
of the business man, the home-maker and the public
spirited citizen.

Ben Campbell. The present mayor of the city of
Houston is a lawyer, not a politician, and for thirty
J-ears has been identified with his profession in man.y
distinctive and successful capacities. He is senior
memlier of the well known firm of Campbell, Soufield,
Sewall & Mvcr, who.'-e offices are in the First National
Dank l-'.niMiii - at Houston.

Hen rani|iliell was born in Alabama in 1858 and is a
desrendaiit of the Scotch Campbells. His parents were
Dr. Farquhar and Gabriela (Singleton) Campbell. The
Campbells were first settled in North Carolina, whence
they removed to Alabama, and in 1859 the parents came
to Texas, settling at old Waverly, in Walker county,
where the father continued practicing his profession of
medicine until his death.

Ben Campbell attained a country school education at
the beginning and spent his early days at home on the
farm, following the occupation of country life until he
was twenty-two years of age. He then began reading
law in the office of Aliererondiie & Eandolph at Hunts-
ville, Texas. In 1^^- le n^ a imiited to the bar. From
that time until I-' 1' : ii^ia-e.l in the practice
of law at Hunts\ IL , ■ . . nene.l a large clientage.

His first public (li^tinrtiMM .a in 1SS4, when he was

elected county attorney of Walker county, serving one
term of two years. In 1886 he was elected district at-
torney of the old Twelfth Judicial District, which com-
prised the counties of Walker, Grimes, Madison, Leon
and Tiiiiity. The duties of this office held him for two
terms troni fssil to 1890. At the conclusion of the dis-
trirt atloirieyslii|i he entered a partnership with Thomas
11. Ball under the firm name of Campbell & Ball, and
that firm remained among the list of lawyers at Hunts-
vide until 1893.

On moving to Houston in 1893, Mr. Campbell became
associated with Joseph C. Hut<-heson and W. G. Sears,
thus composing the firm of Hutcheson, Campbell & Sears.
Subsequently Mr. Sears retired, and Sterling Myer took
his place. Several years later Mr. Myer also with-
drew, and at that time Joseph C. Hutcheson, Jr., en-
tered the firm, which was known as Hutcheson, Camp-
bell & Hutcheson. This title remained unbroken until
January 1, 1909, at which time Mr. Campbell withdrew
and formed a new alliance with Cleveland, Sewall &
Sewell Myer under the firm name of Campbell, Sewall
& M.yer. In 1913 some changes were made in this firm,
when Leon Soufield was taken in as partner. This was
after Mr. Campbell had received the nomination for
mayor, and at which time the title was changed to Camp-
bell, Soufield, Sewall & Myer.

As a hnvver and as a man, Mr. Campbell has always
lien Miie ol tlie most highly esteemed citizens of Houston.
A le'.i.'^. ntalivc body of the local citizenship chose
liini as tlie most appropriate man for the office of mayor,
and wluMi liis name was presented to the general voters



at the primary election in March, 1913, he received the
nomination for mayor by a large majority of votes. In
April, 1913, he was elected mayor of Houston and took
office April 21, 1913.

Mr. Campbell is affiliated with Forest Lodge No. 19,
A. F. & A. M., at Huntsville; Huntsville Chapter,
E. A. M. ; Trinity Commandery, Knights Templar, and
El Minar Temple of the Mystic Shrine, at Galveston.
He has no connection with the social clubs, and outside
of his profession and the performance of his duties as
a public official he devotes his time and leisure to his
home. Mr. Campbell was married at Huntsville in 1882
to Miss Ella Smither, daughter of W. B. Bowles Smither,
her father having been prominent in the political affairs
of that county. Grandfather Robert Smither was one
of the wealthiest and most influential men in Walker
county during his generation. Mr. Campbell and wife
are the parents of six children, named Ben S., Farquhar,
Ella Smither, Robert Bowles, Wilbourn, and Sue Alice.
The family reside at 1012 Crawford street, in Houston.

Jesse M. Hill, M. D. In the ranks of the medical
profession of west Texas are to be found some of the
most skilled and learned men of the calling in the state
— men who have devoted tliemselves, their time, energy,
and lives to the preservation of public health and the al-
leviation of the ills of mankind. The physician of today
faces entirely different conditions from those which eon-
fronted the niedii-al prac-titioner of several decades ago,
liiitli ;i> f(i tr.'iiiiiiiL! .-iiid | nMrtico, and when the modern
diHtiii' li.-is fiiiisliiMl till' i'\ri-|.i iiiiially rigid course of study
III' IS iitri'ii lirtti r liiir.l for Ins profession than the old-
tiijii- pliysiiiaii «.is alti'i iiiniiy years of practice. One
of this modern class of jihysicians and in every respect
the leader of his profession in Crowell, is Dr. Jesse M.
Hill, whose home and professional activities have been
at Crowell since 1902, and whose skill has won him the
best practice in his community.

Dr. Hill was born in Calhoun, Georgia, April 13, 1877,
and was the only child of Horace and Nancy Adelia
(Fite) Hill, both of whom were natives of Georgia.
About 188.5 the family moved to Texas, where the father
was a farmer, but died soon afterwards, and is buried
in Dallas county. He was a devout Christian and a
worker in the Baptist church. The mother, who still
lives in Crowell, is also active in the work of the Baptist
denomination. After the death of her first husband she
married Mr. George Crowell, founder of the town of
Crowell, who died in 1910. In the Crowell family are
four sons and one daughter as follows: Marion Fite,
Grover, Robert Clifton, Benjamin and Mabel. Mr. Crow-
ell was born in Georgia, and was a pioneer of west Texas,
following stock farming in Ford county, and becoming
the founder of the town which bears his name.

Dr. Hill was seven or eight years of age when his par-
ents moved to Texas, and the education in the public
schools begun in Georgia was continued in Texas, until
he was ready to take up the practical affairs of life on
his own account. He entered the University at Nash-
ville, Tennessee, in 1900; attended the University of
Tennessee one year, and then graduated from the At-
lanta College of Physicians and Surgeons at Atlanta,
Georgia, in 1902, where he was a student for one year.
Establishing himself in practice in Cole at the same
year, he rapidly gained the confidence of the people, and
for several years has had his choice of the practice in


In Crowell in 1904 Dr. Hill married Edna Mae Thacker,
a daughter of M. F. Thacker of Foard county. They
are the parents of two daughters, Frances A(ielia and
Helen. The diictor's religious preference is for the Bap-
tist faith, while his wife is a Methodist. Fraternally he
is affiliated with the Blue Lodge of Masonry, also the
Knights Templar and Commandery, and the Independent
Order of Odd Fellows, the Knights of Pythias, the Wood-
men of the World, and the Modern Woodmen of America.

He belongs to the Foard County Medical Society, of which
he has served as secretary, and also the State Medical
Society. In politics he is a Democrat, a voter only.
During his professional career he has sen-ed both as city
and county health officer. Like many progressive and
ambitious physicians, he has interrupted his practice at
different times in order to take post-graduate courses in
New York City and Chicago. The doctor is fond of hunt-
ing, enjoys outdoor life in aU its phases, and is a pro-
found student both in his profession and in general lit-

J. Frank Coles. Prominent among the real estate
firms in El Paso is that of A. P. Coles & Brothers, deal-
ers in real estate, of which J. Frank (Ulrs uf this review-
is one of the members. It is mily m irnit years that
Mr. Coles formed this busimss ass,, natmn ' with his
brothers, but since that time tlie tiiiii has made splendid
|iiiil:ii'ss with its wiiik in this community, and is properly
laiilii'il aniiiii:; tlir iiinn' iiiiportant establishments of its
iMHrl 111 til.' rMiiiity. Jt ^^as in 1892 that Mr. Coles first
lamc to Texas, and since that time he has been chiefly
identified with the fortunes of El Paso. He has been
connected with numerous lines of enterprise in this sec-
tion of the country. He was born in Lebanon, Tennes-
see, August 12, ISiO, and is a son of J. F. Coles, Sr., of
Lebanon, Tenn.

The early education of Mr. Coles was attained in the
public schools of Lebanon, and he later took up a pre-
paratory course at the uiii\cTsity in tliat city. When he
left school he for a tiuir almlihril liimsril witli farming
activities, and so continui'.l until lir li-li his home in
1892 and came to El Pas,,. In is'.ii; .Mr. ( ,,lcs formed a
partnership with his two brothers, A. P. and O. C.
Coles, and the present business which the.y are con-
ducting in El Paso is the result of that combination.
They have come to be recognized among the most promi-
nent business men in their line of enterprise and have
given every proof of exceptional business ability. They
are successful and prosperous and exercise good business
judgment in all their business dealings. Mr. Cnh's him-
self is especially known as a leader in inilil;, inni |,iise
in the city. Not only is he always fiuiinl ,,ii tli,, liyht
side on subjects pertaining t,i the jiruyiis- ainl ,lc\ehiii-
ment, but he is i -
a follower. II,'
one of the nm-

The firm of A.
inent place in tlii'
terprises of El Pa;
ers are particular
work of this i-Iiaia

ill> l,iiiM,l a- a |,i .1 instead of

■ ■ ■ I ■ a. . ' , I ; - ivgarded as

, I "I - .\ I ;i i-' li.a- lia- hail a prom-
,i'st ileveloiimeut iif the various en-

and vicinity and as such the broth-
deserving of some mention in a
er. Their work in the business an-

one of the cleanest and most pro-
iiid each member of the firm has

to the development and progress of

gressivf , ha
added li;> in
the couinuim

Mr. Coles is a Democrat and takes considerable interest
in affairs of that nature in and about the county.

at one tu
citv a nil
He" is a I

one of till


to the

i :-■ la: 'liii Ml : Iiat capaeit.y.

' ' : ' I 'I' and was

J 1912. He

i,\ I liil,, and -I'lved as vice

c, liter (.'lull. Fraternally

Benevolent and Protective

ling an office in that order.

ids in huntintr nn,l ti-liing.

president ami din'iiin

he has membeiship

Order of Elks, ami is

His principal recreati,

and despite the heavy demands upoi

business interests makes, he finds occasi,,: • ,:- to

indulge himself in the pleasure of huuTaj - :-.

Mr. Coles is one of the most entliiisia- i;- to

the faith in Texas and he believes it i,, : ,,iiiiiiig
state of the nation. He holds himself i,; a' dl times
to answer any inquiries that may be |,i,-,iit,d t,i him
with regard to opportunities which the state presents.

In October, 1907, Mr. Coles was united in marriage



with Miss Adele Fewel, who is a daughter of Major and
Mrs. W. J. Fewel of El Paso. To them have been born
two children, a son and a daughter, William Fewel Coles
and Katherine Hunt Coles. The family are members of
the Methodist church and aetire in the work of the va-
rious departments of that body.

Orphus York, M. D. In the career of Dr. Orphus
York, of Panhandle, Texas, is presented an excellent ex-
ample of the success which may be attained through the
exercise of determination and ambitious effort. Leaving
home in his youth with no financial support, he so well
directed his energies and took advantage of his op-
portunities that he was able not only to prepare himself
for a career of useful endeavor in one of the higher call-
ings, but to contribute materially to the support of his
parents. The struggles and self-sacrifices attending such
a course of action are obvious, but they have resulted
in the gaininig of a position among the substantial men
of his calling as well as in bringing that sense of ap-
preciation which may only be realized by those who have
won their own way, unassisted, to success. Dr. York was
born March 15, 1875, at Harrison, Boone county Ar-
kansas and is a son of J. A. and Samantha Caroline
(VVatkins) York.

J. A. York was born in Polk county, Tennessee, and
was there reared on a farm. He was but a lad of four-
teen years when the struggle between the North and the
South began, hut early succeeded in enlisting in the Con
federate servi.-i>, iM-roiniiii: n prjvnT,-. in " „ — •

Regiment, ^\■llln■^~lM• X'dliiiit.',! -. l\ -
under fire c-ann' .-it -\l;iii:i - :i-. Jiiiirti,
four years tli;it lollnwcl lie h:;- :i |.:ii
the most sanguinary enga^' n ^ ■
in the commands of Gen. si . ,. ii .
H. Morgan and Gen. Albm - i '

times, all of these great c !i i

tie, but was himself never v

ful soldier was invariably in I n
fight. He was in the trencher :>[ \ :•■'.. ■
days during the siege, and wa.^ j.u' . i
After Appomattox Court House, hr \\
the service, with an excellent reiun
faithful discharge of duty. In ISdii
tu A)':ii :m.i look Up his residen

ll.i' : r county. There he continued to carry

on ii|M ; ,1 1 Ml,- mil il Ids death in 1910, Avhen he was sixty-
scvni \r,ii- (ii .■ii;e. He was married in Arkansas to
Samantlia Caroline Watkins, who was born in Alaculsy,
Murray county, Georgia, and was brought to Arkansas
by her parents in 1859, locating in Boone county, where
she was educated, reared and married. She is still living
at Harrison, being now sixty-three years of age. She
has been the mother of eight children: Ottis, who is a
practicing physician of Harrison, Arkansas; Orphus, of
this review; Dr. Onus, who is engaged in the practice
of medicine in Calgary, Canada ; Mrs. Ora Sands and
Mrs. Ova Garvin, both residents of Harrison, Arkansas;
and three children who are deceased.

The early education of Oipli- ")'■■•' :i - . m ,1 in the
public schools of Boone coiiiin , \i ,i ini^the

summer months he devoted li i - lather

on the home farm. He eai]\ ^1. , i : i,: : |; upon a

career of his own, although when lie left the parental
roof his cash capital consisted of twenty-five cents. He
was possessed of sturdier resources, however, to fall back
upon than those represented by mere nimiptary advan-
tages, and, making the most of liis i.pi.n' tnni'ties, was
able to attend the State University oi \il>;iiisns. from
the literary department of which iir \\a< -i^i.liiated in
1S97. Several years of unremittiny >tnit;i;ie^ followed,
but he was eventually able to enter the College of Phy-
sicians and Surgeons, and in 1904 graduated at the head
of a class of 150 pupils. During this time, in addition
to paying for his own tuition, he had sent $1,100 home
for the support of his parents. Dr. York commenced

E, First
ii|M.i taut trial
a during the

it 111 s.ime of

ar. He was
II. Gen. John

at different
l<illed in bat-
;h the youth-
ickest of the
iVir forty-nine
lii^ surrender.
m,.,,m1 out of

lira\-orv and
'uvk removed

a farm near

practice at Alco, Arkansas, after his first year in the
medical college, and continued there during the ten years
that followed. In 1908 he came direct to Panhandle,
Texas, where he became the first physician in the growing
town and where he has continued to remain with con-
stantly increasing success. His practice extends far into
the surrounding country and few physicians can boast of
a more rejiresentative clientele. He "has served as county
physician of Carson and as local surgeon for the Santa
Fe Eailroad. A close and careful student, he keeps him-
self fully conversant with the developments and discov-
eries of his profession, and has taken a keen and active
interest in the work of the various organizations, being
a member of the Potter County, Southern and Texas
State Medical Societies and the American Medical Asso-
ciation. His fraternal connections are wide and varied,
and include the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the
Knights of Pythias, the Woodmen of the World, the
Modern Woodmen of America, the Tribe of Ben Hur,
the Pretorians, the American Yeomen, the Eoyal Neigh-
bors and the Columbians. With his family, he attends
the Presbyterian church.

On August 31, 1902, Doctor York was married at Alco,
Arkansas, to Miss Bertha Richardson, daughter of F. M.
and Cynthia Richardson, the former of whom is still liv-
ing at Alco in the same house in which he was born sixty-
six years ago. The mother is deceased. Doctor and Mrs.
York have had four children, namely: Thelma Lucille,
born in May, 1905, at Alco, Arkansas, now attending the
Third Grade of the Panhandle public schools; Joseph
Farrell, born in February, 1907, at Alco, who, although *
but six years of age, is also a student in the Third Grade;

Online LibraryFrancis White JohnsonA history of Texas and Texans (Volume 4) → online text (page 102 of 177)