Francis White Johnson.

A history of Texas and Texans (Volume 4) online

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Cincinnati, Ohio, and is now the wife of Mr. Xewton
Maer, of Wichita Falls, and the mother of one child,
Joseph Kemp Maer, who was born in Wichita Falls.
Miss Mary Jewel was born in 1887 at Wichita Falls, and
is a graduate of St. Mary's College of Dallas, .\liss
Flora, born in 1893 at Wichita Falls, died at Detroit,
Michigan, in 1911, after a long illness of typhoid fever.
Miss Bertha, born at Wichita Falls in 1888, graduated
from St. Mary 's College, is now in a private school in
St. Louis. Joseph Anderson Kemp, born at Wichita
Falls in 1904, is in school. Mr. Kemp and his family
reside in one of the most palatial homes in Wichita
Falls. It has recently been completed and is situated
in the Hill district, the most exclusive residence portion
of the city.

Horace Baldwin Eice. As a civic honor few men
would desire one more distinctive and more likely to be
associated with favorable comment in later years than
that of being the first mayor of Houston under the com-
mission form of government. A charter on the commis-
sion plan, but somewhat different from the original Gal-
veston organic law, was granted to Houston on March IS,
1905. At the first city election under the new charter
Horace Baldwin Rice was elected head of the commission,
and titular mayor. At every recurring two years he was
re-elected, and continued at the head of the city govern-
ment until 1913, at which time he declined to become a
candidate for further honors. The progress of Houston as
a municipality, including the remarkable reforms in its
methods of handling business, in the efficiency of its tax-
collecting system, and in a general strengthening and
concentration of municipal powers, Baldwin Eice will
always have a large share of the honors which go to the
city at large.

Horace Baldwin Eice was born at Houston, March 28,
1861, being one of the younger children of Frederick
Allen and Charlotte (Baldwin) Eice. On both his fath-
er 's and mother 's side he is descended from American
Eevolutionary stock, and the ancestry is a mingling of
Scotch-Irish and English. One of his great-grandfathers,
named Hall, was wounded in the battle of Lexington in
1775, but lived to be one hundred and three years old,
and spent all his life in Massachusetts. Frederick Allen
Eice, father of Mayor Eice, was born in Massachusetts,
moved to Houston, Texas, in 1850, and for many years
was identified with mercantile and railroad duties. He
was one of the builders of the old Houston and Texas
Central Eailroad, and one of the men who were largely
responsible for making Houston the commercial metropo-
lis of the southeastern quarter of the state. Frederick A.
Bice died in 1901 at the age of seventy-one. He was a
brother of the late William M. Eice, founder of the Rice
Institute at Houston. Charlotte (Baldwin) Eice, mother
of Baldwin Eice, was born in New York state. Her
father, Horace Baldwin, was a brother-in-law to A. C.
Allen, one of the owners of the original townsite, and a
founder of the city of Houston in 1836. Horace Baldwin
himself located in Texas in 1840. and was engaged in the
transportation business along the Gulf coast, and from
Houston down the Bayou. In 1844 he was honored with
election to the office of mayor at Houston. There were



seven sons ami three daughters in the family of Frederick
A. Eice and wife, of whom the oldest is Col. J. S. Rice,
the wellkuowu capitalist and banker of Houston.

The early education of Horace Baldwin Eice was at-
tained chiefly in the Texas Military Institute at Austin,
and on leaving school he went into the cattle and cotton
business. After some time spent as a cattle raiser, he re-
ceived his first political office as public weigher of cotton
for Harris county, an office which he (illeil until 1S96. At
the same time his interest in the cattle busines.s continued.

His achievements as mayor of Houston have over-
shadowed some of his earlier services in behalf of the
public welfare. Prom 1892 to 189(5, a period of four and
a half years, he was one of the county commissioners of
Harris 'county. During that time the board of commis-
sioners constructed the first paved highway in Harris
county. That road was built uuder a special road act,
and was a practical beginning of the many fine shell and
macadam roads which now stretch out in every direction
about Houston and over Harris county. In 1896 Mr. Eice
was elected mayor of Houston under the old municipal
form of government and served until 1898. From the
close of his term as mayor until 1905 he was closely
identified with the cattle industry. After his first election
under the new city charter in 1905, Mr. Eice was re-
elected in 1907, 1909, and 1911, .so that he was at the
head of Houston city government for eight years.

In 1901 Mr. Rice was appointed by the probate court
of Harris county as administrator for the estate of the
late William M. Eice, his uncle. The administration of
this large estate has taken much of his time ever since.

Mr. Rice is president of the Suburban Homestead Com-
pany and vice president of the Houston Ice and Brewing
Company. He is a student nf municipal affairs and a
man whose broad information ;i)id iilnlity as a social and
civic leader enabled him t.i lill In^ oliin- :is mayor with
distinction as well as with ,.|ii.i.Miry. Mi: K'l.-,. lias mem-
bership in manv social runl f r.-itcniiil (.i LiaiiiAitious, in-
cluding the Houston Club, the llniiston ('ouiitiy Club,
the Thalian Club of Houston, and also belongs to the
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, Lodge No. 151,
and the Woodmen of the World at Houston. In 1883
occurred his marriage with Miss Georgia Dumble. Her
father was the late George Dumble, a native of Canada,
who came to Houston about 1850, and was a man of more
than ordinary influence and standing in the community.
Mr. and Mrs. Rice reside at 1916 Main street, and his
business offices are in the Union National Bank Building.

Alois E. Miller. State and County Tax Assessor,
Houston, Texas, is by virtue of long service in public
office in close touch with the people and affairs generally
in his locality. Back of his public service his record is
that of an honorable, upright citizen, and his whole life
has b.'cii siMMif in Harris county.

Ml. Milln \\;is Imni iit Houston, January 4, 1859, son
of Nnloi aihl' I I'lessman) MiUer. His father, a
nativr ol Als:i' ■' l.orKiiiie, came to America in 1844 and
took up his residence at Houston, where he was for years
occujiied as a contracting painter. During the war of
the Reliellion he took up arms in defense of the Con-
federate cause, and as a member of Company B, Waul's
Legion, at the siege of Vicksburg, endured exposure
which resulted in his death in 1867. Mr. Miller's
mother was a native of Saxony. She came with her
parents to this country about 1844, either just before
or soon after the arrival of Isidor Miller,. and from her
fifth year was reared in Houston. Here she spent her
life. a"nd passed away in 1905. Her parents did not long
survive their removal to this new country; both died in
1845. Isidor and Lisette (Plessman) Miller were the
parents of ten children, of whom only three are now
living: Alois, whose name introduces this sketch; Isidor
J., who is in the employ of the San Antonio & Aransas
Pass Railroad Company, and Laura, wife of M. E. For-
ney, of Houston.

The son of foreign born parents ami one of a large
family of children, in a new country and in a time of
civil war, Alois E. Miller had limited advantages for
obtaining an education. His father's death made it
necessary for the youth at the age of nine years to assist
in earning a livelihood. From his ninth to his eleventh
year he sold papers on the streets. Then he became
"devil" in the office of the old Telegraph, which later
was changed to the TcJegram. In the office of this paper
he learned typesetting at the case, and until 1880 was for tlic Tiltflram. Close confinement in the
office broiiylif on ill health and, in seeking outdoor life,
he took up fariiiiiig at Bear Creek, Harris county, in
which he was engaged until 1885. The next two years
he was a locomotive fireman on the H. & T. C. E. E.,
after which he returned to his earlier vocation as com-
positor on the Houston Post, with which he was con-
nected in 1888 for a short time, subsequently became
connected with the Galveston Daily News. He remained
with the latter publication until 1890, when he returned
to Houston and again became connected with the Hous-
ton Po.W. .oiitiiimii- until 1S94. The year 1892 marked
the Intro. Iiiri hill ,,r Imniypos into the big newspaper
offices, and Mr. .Miller .hanged from the ease to the
machine, being one of the first operators in the office of
the Post.

Mr. Miller's first public service dates back to 1894,
when Mayor John T. Browne appointed him city mar-
ket master, an office li.. .•ontinuo.l to hold for four
years, through the a.luiiinsi i m i,,n ..f Mayor H. B. Eice.
At the end of that tim.' i l^iis) |,,. ),. turned to the office
of the Post and resunicl "nrk as a linotype operator.
In 1900 he purchased a half interest in a linotype office,
and he has since been interested in job printing, at first
under the firm name of Andrew & Miller, afterwards
Miller & Bauerfnind. ami since 1902 as Miller & Orem.
In 1909 the firm in. .n point.'.! under the name of Miller
& Orem Typesetnny ('..inpniiy. In 1902 Mr. Miller was
again ajipointd mnikni m.-ister, this at the hands of
Mayor 0. T. II. .Ii. nn.l li,. (ill,.,l the office until 1904.
when he was elc.-t.'.l .sinic nn.l .•.mnty tax assessor. He
is still the iuciiinli.nt ..I tln^ Inttir office, having been
successively re-eliMi...! vvfvy t\\.> ynnrs since that time,
and now being on his fifth term. The crude system of
accounts in vogue in the office when he assumed charge
has been replaced by modern, ui)-to-date methods, and
under his supervision the work of the office ha-s been put
in smooth running order and has kept pace with the de-
mands of the times. Since 1904 the valuation of the
county has increased from .$40,000,000 to .$1.30.000,000
in 1913.

n l^'^O. Jliss Amelia Bode,
ativc of' Prussia. She died
n, namely: Mary, wife of
aii.l Joseph Isidor, who is
st.m. In 1889 Mr. Miller

Mr. Miller first marri.'.l, i
daughter of Jacob Boilc, a n
in 1885, leaving two .hil.liv
J. W. Ila7nrd. of ll,,i,st.,ii,
married ;ni.l scttl.'.l in II. ni

marrie.l f..r liis sc- I w JIV

a native of F.ii;;hiii.l nml ,n .Ii
Houston. Two «.n.
Robert, of Hous:..i,. nml I,-.'

While Mr. Mili.n li.i.l Iml
he endiraced the ..|.i..jriiinii i.'
for educating himself in the
where, and he now has at
knowledge of the German as well a
guage. and a broad .store of useful

Miss Margaret Jane Peary.
iii..ihter of George Peary, of
■ li.ini of this union: Lee
It,', ivli.. died in infancy.

.■ s. 1 ling in his boyhood,

s that presented themselves

newspaper office an.l else-

his command an intimate

the English Ian-

nformation which

has come to him through the various avenues of business
and public office life. He resides at 215 Bayland avenue.
Woodland Heights, Houston, and he has identity with
numerous fraternal, social, ami otli.T ..i ijanizations,

among which may be mu I: W In . n .if the World,

Improved Order of Re. I Min, L.ixnl iM.l.n ..f Moose,
Knights of Columbus. Tnin .s-mgerlmn,!,
No-Tsu-Oh Carnival Association, and Shark's Club. Also
he is a member of the Chamber of Commerce, the Eeal
Estate Exchange, and the Park Place Company of



Houston, being a director of the latter. During his years
at the ease and the linotype machine he was an active
and enthusiastic member of the Typographical Union.
Religiously, he and his family are Eoman Catholics,
members of St. Joseph Church.

Lee L. Pugh, County School Superintendent of Harris
county, Texas, has occupied this position for a period of
nine years, and during this time his faith that the great
heart of the people yearned for tvhat is best for the chil-
dren has with each succeeding year become stronger and
deeper. And with the co-operation of the people he has
succeeded in making great strides along the line of bet-
terment in educational work.

Professor Pugh is a native of Illinois. He was born
at West Salem, that state, in 1873, son of John P. and
Margaret (Wvatt) Pugh, the former of Tennessee and
the latter of "Illinois birth. John P. Pugh was a de-
scendant of the family of Pughs long prominent and
influential in Tennessee. In early life he went from
that state to Illinois, where he married and settled down
to agricultural pursuits. A man of education and pro-
gressive views, he soon took rank with the leading up-
to-date farmers of Illinois. Lee L. passed his boyhood
days on his father's farm and received his education in
the Southern Collegiate Institute. Albion, Illinois, and
the Southern Normal College, Carbondale, that state,
having in view the profession of teaehiug. This pro-
fession he followed in Illinois and Missouri previous to
1899, when he came to Texas and accepted a position as
teacher at Crosby, Harris county. He taught one year
at that place and the next two years at Harrisburg, and
resigned his place as teacher at the last named place
in order to accept the office of superintendent of schools
for Harris county, having been appointed to fill an un-
expired term. In 1904 he was elected to the position for
the term of two years, and he has been regularly elected
every two years since that time, namely, 1906, 1908, 1910
and "1912.

When Mr. Pugh took charge of the schools of Harris
county, he did it with a determination to improve the
educational facilities of the rural districts, and he has
worked steadily with that end in view. The first im-
portant step taken was the adoption of the "County
Course of Study," which was done against tremendous
odds and which has resulted in systematizing the work
of the schools. The schools of the county have been
classified into three divisions; Primary schools, which
include the first four grades; intermediate schools, the
fifth, sixth and seventh grades, and high schools, the
eighth, ninth, tenth and eleventh grades. \\'\ith the
raising of the school standard has come higher require-
ments for teachers and proportionately better remunera-
tion for their work. As showing the progress made m
educational lines in Harris county during Mr. Pugh's
incumbency of the office of superintendent, it may be
stated that the report of the year ending August 31,
1912, showed the total value of county school buildings
to be .')!356,.iO0, as against $40,000 when he came into
the office. The buildings now number 121, of which 22
are brick and 99 wood. And the increase in teachers'
efficiency may be judged by the increase in pay, which
has been sixty per cent in the past eight years.

In this great workshop for the building of character —
the public school system of Harris county — Profes=!or
Pugh has endeavored to put forth his best efforts, and
in doing so has found a .joy in his work known only to
the true teacher. In his labor he has at all times felt
and appreciated the support of the various boards of
trustees, patrons and teachers.

Professor Pugh has his office in the court house, and
maintains his residence at 2011 Pease avenue, Houston,
Texas. He was married while in Missouri, in April. 1898,
to Miss Ada M. Shelby, a daughter of F. P. Shelby, of
Illinois, a representative of the Kentucky familv of
Shelbys. They have one daughter, Euby Gray Pugh.

Fraternally, Mr. Pugh is identified with numerous or-
ganizations, including Knights of Pythias, D. O. K. K.,
Woodmen of the World, Modern Order of Pra?torians,
Order of Moose, Independent Order of Odd Fellows, ancl
the Houston Turn A'erein. Also he has membership in
the Houston Chamber of Commerce.

Adolph Albrecht. a former rancher and cattleman
of Texas was Adolph Albrecht, who had gained a pros-
perous and esteemed position at an early age, and death
came to him when practically at the beginning of a very
successful career.

Adolph A. Albrecht was born in Houston, Texas,
March 2, 1876, a son of Adolph A. and Mary (Callen)
Albrecht, both parents having come from Germany.
There were six children in the family, namely: Henry,
of St. Louis, Missouri ; Mary, who is married and lives
in St. Louis; Emma, who is a resident of Houston;
Katie, wife of Joseph Bruce, of Brooklyn, Xew York;
Adolph A. ; and Lena, attending school in Houston.

The late Mr. Albrecht grew up to manhood in Hous-
ton, received his education in the local schools of that
city, and when he was twenty-one years old started out
for himself by getting work on a ranch, and followed
ranching and was foreman on different ranches for some
years. His father was a large property owner in Vic-
toria county, and the son managed a part of that estate
for some years. Mr. Albrecht was a Democrat, but never
held office and was not a politician. He belonged to the
Presbyterian church and was affiliated with the Sons of

Mr. Albrecht was married in 1894 to Miss Minnie R.
Ernst, a native of Texas and a daughter of Frank C.
and Rosie (Gaines) Ernst. Her father is a large rancher
and in business at Marianna, Texas. Her mother is de-
ceased. Mrs. Albrecht was one of four children, the
others mentiohed as follows: Ida, wife of Robert Ar-
nold, of Marianna, Texas, and a rancher; Eleanora, wife
of George Dider, of Dallas; and Lewis, of Marianna, a
rancher. Mrs. Albrecht now makes her home in Dallas,
at 1409 Gano street. She has no children.

George S. Phillips is the dean of the lumber business
in Kaufman, Texas. For three decades he has been ac-
tively engaged in this business here, and he has lived in
Texas since 1855, when he came here with his parents
from Kentucky.

John G. Phillips, the father of George S., died in De-
cember, 1913, at Wasahachie, Texas. He was born in
Missouri, in September, 1831, and grew to manhood in
Kentucky, where his parents had grown up and married.
He learned the wagon-maker's trade in Kentucky, and
after his removal to Waxahachie he engaged in the buggy
and wagon-making business, and continued the same
throughout his active life. His first settlement in Texas
was in Atascosa county, where he remained a few years,
but the stock business with which he was connected was
not to his liking and he turned to his trade, as above set
forth, in the fertile blackland belt and put his reliance
upon the community of Waxahachie as to future success.

While the war between the states was in progress,
John G. Phillips quit his trade and aided the Confed-
eracy as a powder-maker in Waxahachie, where a small
plant was maintained, and when the dove of peace finally
hovered over our country and men went to work instead
of war, he dropped back into his own quiet shop, and
there had a long and uneventful career. Religiously, he
is a ilethodist, and his political affiliation, quiet but
sincere, has always been with the democratic party,

Samuel Gore Phillips, the father of John G., passed
away without leaving any tangible record of himself or
his ancestry. He came to Texas before the war and died
in Waxah.achie during the progress of that fraternal

John G. Phillips married Miss Sarah Pe.ik. n daughter
of George Peak, a Kentucky farmer. Mrs. Phillips was



born a year before her husband and still survives. Their
children are as follows : George S. of Kaufman ; Mrs.
Thomas Hunter, of Waxahachie; Miss Kate; Claud B.,
engaged in the lumber business at Houston, Texas.

George S. Phillips was born in M'arion county, Ken-
tucky, December 23, 1853, and was only two years of age
when brought to Texas by his parents. He lived in Waxa-
hachie through his school days and until after he had
gained his first business experience. He attended not only
the public schools but also took a course of study at Mar-
vin College, Waxahachie, and he was a clerk in that town
until March, 1882. He then formed partnership with S. P.
Langsford of Waxahachie in farm and implement busi-
ness, which continued to December, 1883. At that time he
took charge of the lumber yard of the M. T. Jones
Lumlier Co. in Kaufman, and he has rounded out a pe-
riod of thirty years of service in that same yaril. For
seveji years he was manager of the business. Then he
joined a cousin, J. H. Phillips, and bought the property,
and Phillips & Phillips carried on the business until
1901, when George S. became sole proprietor. Through-
out all these years this industry has been conducted on
a retail basis, and in addition to lumber all lines of
building material have been handled. The nature of
this business has placed Mr. Phillips in a position to
enter the field of Kaufman as a builder, and from time
to time during his career here he has bought and im-
proved property in the residence districts until now
numerous Imiiics throuylioiit the town stand as a monu-
ment to liis fdiTsiylit :is a ileveloper of the county seat.

As a litiiiMi, .\li. I'liiliips has rendered no public
service savr :is a niiMnlicr of the educational board of
the city, where he gave eleven years continuously to the
interests of public education. As an Odd Fellow he
wears a badge of honor for a quarter of a century in
the order, having joined it in 1881. He is a Past Noble
Grand and has been a representative to the Grand
Lodge. Also as a Knight of Pythias he has filled the
chairs and is a Past Chancellor, Religiously, he is a
Methodist. For a number of years he was chairman of
the board of stewards of tl;c Mctlidclist church at Kauf-
man and he was the first sii|,criiitiMii|riit of the Sunday
school here, an otfice he filh'd for tlnoo years.

In December, 1S82, Mr. Phillips was married in Wax-
ahachie to Miss Fannie F. Butler, daughter of Andrew
J. and Caroline (Beat) Butler. The children of Mr.
and Mrs. Phillips are Mrs. W. H. Kendrick, of Kauf-
man; ilrs. Fred Hicks, also of Kaufman; and ilisses
Daisy K., Vella and Hazel. One son, George, Jr., died
at the age of &ve years.

John H. Ellis. A scion of the third generation of
the Ellis family in Texas, he whose name initiates this
review is well upholding the prestige of a name that has
been most closely and worthily linked with the annals
of civic and industrial development and progress in the
Lone Star state, where the paternal grandparents of the
subject of this sketch established their home about the
year 1840, when Texas was still an independent republic,
under the presidency of General Sam Houston.

John H. Ellis, the able and popular tax assessor of
Houston county, with residence in the thriving city of
Crockett, the judicial center of the county, was born at
Lancaster, Dallas county, Texas, on the 20th of April,
1870, and is a son of James H. and Mary (Rawlins)
Ellis, the former a native of Illinois and the latter of
Pennsylvania, both having been young at the time of
the immigration of the respective families to Texas,
about the year 1840. The marriage of the parents was
solenini7ed in Dallas county and there they still reside
on the fine old homestead on which they established their
residence at the time when they initiateil their wedded
life, which has been one of ideal relations. To them
have been born six sons and one daughter, all of whom
are living and of whom John H., of this review, is the
eldest ; Ross R. resides in Austin, the capital of the

state: William R., King T., and Robert L. maintain
their home in the city of Dallas, where the latter is the
efficient incumbent of the office of tax collector of Dallas
county; and Harry ami Ethel maintain their residence
at Lancaster, Dallas county, the latter being the wife of
V. G. Scott. The paternal and maternal grandparents
of him to whom this sketch is dedicated were numbered
among the pioneer settlers of Dallas county, where they
continued to reside until their death, the names of both
families having been iirominontlv identified with the
initial stages of industrial ,l,.v,.]„|,iiient in that favored
section of the state, (iran.ltaih.r KIlis became a speci-
ally successful agriculturist and storkgrower and in the
operation of his extensive landed estate he utilized the
services of a number of slaves.

John H. Ellis, a man of sterling character, of vigor-
ous purpose and definite thrift, has won large and worthy
success through his identification with the agricultural
and stock industries in the state that has long been his

Online LibraryFrancis White JohnsonA history of Texas and Texans (Volume 4) → online text (page 121 of 177)