Francis White Johnson.

A history of Texas and Texans (Volume 4) online

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a great many of the deals which smaller land men would
esteem notable and conspicuous of themselves shrink to
insignificance among so many of the same of larger na-
tures carried out by Mr. Daugherty. He claims that he
has bought and sold and handled more Texas lands than
any man who ever did business along this line, and a
complete i.roi.l nf Ins transactions would prove to any
unprejmliiad imlunlual that his claims were well justi-
fied. Ilr Inis pnibuljly seen more of Texas than any
nthnr iiHli\ i.liial and knows more of its resources. While
ai tlir saiiin lime up to the present he has less to show
fni Ins indnlatigable industry than many who have con-
fined their operations to n niiirh inore modest scale.
That he has not been rewarded nn a liheral scale for his
work is due, according tn Ins n|niiinii, to the fact that
his contest-has been wageil witli ilel.t and its strong ally,
interest, taken in connection with the results of the
drought of 1885-86, the flood of 1888, and the panic of
1893. In the settlement of his many obligations he has
been harrassed much to suits of attachments and gar-
nisliinc iits. His earning capacity has been greatly cur-
tailed by ilnan. and liy the further fact that he could not
take titles in liis own name to the properties he has been
buying aud selling. At times he has not had money to
pay railroad fare or to buy- stamps with which to push
his business, but he has never faltered in his determina-
tion to pay all his just obligations, and no one who has
had dealings with Mr. Daughertv i.r is familiar with his
ivrnid will doubt that he has tlm alnliiy. provided he
liM's, 1.1 satisfy every claim. Nut wil lisiaii. ling the fact

Mint tor I e than twenty years I lie hanknipt law has

lie.ai in fill, e, he has never availed himself of it to wipe
.ml I hi' ..III iinlgments and has paid large sums in their

Win!.' many of the large land transactions of Mr.
I iaiitili.it V liave been in the nature of public enter-
pn-.s. ashl.' ii.im these he has had a large and beneficent
pnit III piililn- affairs. He had been located in Texas
lint I -limt while when he became interested in behalf

nf -.^u t Ins tii.'n.ls in the city politics of Dallas. A

liiil.' lain III' parte ipated in the movement originating
in iliat ii!\ atin liallas had voted one hundred and
twniii \-(i\ !■ tliiiiivaihl il.illars to secure the building nf the
Dallas an. I Wi.liiia K'ailroad. Then durin- the winter
nf |s7,-, 7i; ram.' up the subject of buildin- a railn.ad

fn.iii hallas tn (l.'I'iini,-. The people of .l.-liii-.m ntv

w.'iv iniirli aroiisr.l nv.'i' Ihis pvo|,'.'l, an.! w, i- |- Iv



taking the lead in the new proposition. They had spent
the donation made by Dallas in building about twenty
miles of track from Dallas, and thereafter the enter-
prise had practically come to an end and there was no
prospect of its completion. Mr. Daugherty was the only
responsible party representing Dallas at the meeting in
Cleburne, ami though a young man he took it upon him-
self to a.Mress the local citizens and explain the failure
.if a similar .nterprise promoted and engineered by the
sainn part lis who were nuiking such a vigorous appeal to
the p.'npl.. lit .lohnson coiuity. As a result the conven-
tion* at Cleburne voted to delay their iinniediate support
to the undertaking until they eoul.l iiivestig.it(> the stand-
ing of the railroad promoteis, in Dallas. This checkmat-
ing of the plans of Col. Olienehain. the leader of the
railroad ]Uomoters, resulted a day or so later in a per-
sonal conflict lietween Mr. Daugherty and the colonel,
in which the latter was sorely bested. However, the
chief purpose was attained in discounting the irresponsi-
ble management and exploitation of local citizens in sup-
port of a badly matured enterprise which would never
have brought anything but disaster to all the supporters
and contributors and would have proved a serious set-
back to railroad construction from Dallas.

i\Ir. Daugherty took an important part in the guber-
natorial campaigns in which J. W. Throckmorton was



2038



TEXAS AND TEXANS



candidate, and owing to Mr. Throckmorton 's disregard
of a general petition for the establishment of Eastland
as one of the places for holding the Federal court in
the northern judicial district, Mr. Daugherty tooli it upon
himself to lead the opposition to that candidate when he
sought the nomination for governor. Outside of pure
politics, Mr. Daugherty during those years lent his ef-
forts to much that was political and at the same time
closely connected with the economic welfare of the state.
Barbed wire as fencing material was iirst introduced
into Texas in 1877. By 1880 the cattlemen were fencing
in large areas they did" not own or legally control. This
brought about the era of wire-cutting, and resulted in
many feuds and much blood being spilled among the
wirecutters and the various groups "into which the cattle
interests were divided. The state school fund, the state
university and the different counties of the state owned
millions of acres of land upon which the cattlemen were
grazing their herds and paying nothing for their use.
It was the consideration of this fact that led Mr.
Daugherty to issue a call to the leading land men of
Texas to meet in Dallas for the purpose of forming a
real estate association. There were a large number who
responded to the call and at that time was organ-
ized in Texas the first state real estate men 's associa-
tion, of which Mr. Daugherty became president. He
submitted a resolution which was adopted, declaring that
it was the sense of the association that "all laud should
be made to pay a revenue to its owner, whether the
owner was an individual, corporation or a fund." He
drafted a bill and had it published in the Galveston
News, in which it was proposed that the legislature
should enact into laws and in substance did enact into
, law a measure prohibiting the fencing of land which
the party enclosing it did not own or control under
lease. The enactment of this law forced the cattlemen to
rent millions of acres of land that prior to that time
they had grazed for nothing, and thereafter they paid
into the treasury of Texas, as part of the school fund,
from a quarter to half a million dollars each year. His
activity in this matter brought him the antagonism of
many of the old cattlemen, but most of them have since
accepted the plain justice of the case, and are now his
warm admirers for the work he did in this instance.

His part in connection with another semiofficial or-
ganization of Dallas should be noted. It had been his
observation that many business men, bankers and indus-
tries prior to 1882 had sought Dallas as a location, but
after investigating conditions had gone away to other
places for lack of having the advantages of Dallas prop-
erly presented. At the same time many fakirs and pro-
moters of unsubstantial institutions had come to the city
and had remained long enough to get the local money
without any adequate return. Thus originated with him
the idea of the city having such a public organization as
might look after its general welfare. At that time there
was no city in the United States with such a standing
committee. Dallas had its board of trade, and at a
meeting of that board early in 1882 Mr. Daugherty of-
fered a resolution for the creation of a committee of
twenty representative business men to be known as ".The
Committee on Public Interests," whose duty it was to
investigate all subjects affecting the general welfare
and to encourage those that were meritorious and to con-
demn such as were otherwise. This committee was con-
stituted, and the results of its splendid work are still to
be seen in the permanent commercial prosperity of Dal-
las. This committee encouraged the building of the
Santa Fe Railroad from Dallas to Paris, of the Missouri,
Kansas & Texas from Dallas to Hillsboro, brought about
the construction of many local buildings and the estab-
lishment of institutions which have been an essential
part of the business organisation of Dallas, and among
other things brought about the organization of the Texas
State Fair Association. Other cities seeing the suc-
cessful work done by the Dallas eonmiittee, adopted the



same idea, and since then the idea has spread all over
the United States, but Dallas has credit for having had
the first committee, and Mr. Daugherty was author of the
original idea. He was chairman of the committee for
six years, and did the work free that in later years is
performed by commercial secretaries at large salaries.
• Mr. Daugherty took a very important part in the agi-
tation over the creation of a deep water port at Galves-
ton. He was living in Dallas at the time and Dallas
citizens as a whole were at least apathetic, if not actively
hostile to any project concerning what seemed to be a
more intimate benefit of the coast city. Mr. Daugherty
was one of the broad-minded and far-sighted men who
realized that the establishment of a deep water port at
Galveston was closely concerned with the entire destiny
of Texas in its commercial relations. During the various
negotiations and the various phases in the contest be-
tween the citizens of Dallas and those of Galveston, the
Galveston News kept a correspondent constantly in Dal-
las. The chief Dallas paper, at that time the Old Herald,
was aligned with the forces of opposition to the deep
water plan. Mr. Daugherty during the long-drawn-out
campaign finally prtsented to the managers and proprie-
tors of the Galveston paper the advisability of establish-
ing their paper at Dallas, which possessed superior ad-
vantages over Galveston for printing and distributing a
large paper. After a business conference between the
Dallas Committee and the proprietors of the Galveston
News, the proposition was made that if twenty-five
thousand dollars of capital stock in the News would be
subscribed by the citizens of Dallas, the News would es-
tablish a branch in Dallas, and publish as good a paper
in Dallas as was the Galveston News. This proposition
was accepted, the subscriptions to the stock were ob-
tained in one afternoon, and in sixty days the Dallas
News was founded, and in another sixty days the new
paper had absorbed the old Dallas Herald. This was the
beginning of what is now easily the greatest newspaper
in the southwest and one of the premier journals of the
entire nation.

Perhaps a still more important achievement of Mr.
Daugherty came while he was chairman of the Dallas
Committee on Public Interests. The great railroad cor-
porations were then just taking shape throughout the
nation, forecasting the tremendous consolidation and con-
centration which have been brought about in recent
years. These railroads through the west and southwest
practically controlled the destinies of the state through
which they passed. For one thing they were diverting
immigration to Kansas, Colorado and California, at the
expense of Texas, which at that time enjoyed few, if
any, of the favors since granted by railroad lines and
which proved so important a factor in colonizing and
developing the state. At the same time an agitation
arose in the state for a better adjustment and equaliza-
tion of freight rates as well as passenger rates. The
result of this was a convention which met in Dallas at
the close of 1887, with delegates from all over the state,
and a number of vital questions concerning the welfare
of Texas and its business interests were discussed, most
of whiah depended upon the proper solution and ad-
justment of transportation rates and the betterment of
facilities. Out of that convention grew the immigration
bureau of the state of Texas, of which Mr. Daugherty
was chosen chairman. The railroads had made guarded
promises for a series of low rates to go into effect in the
following year, but when the time came for putting such
rates into "effect no satisfaction could be obtained by the
business interests or the Bureau of Immigration from
the railroad officials. The power of a semi-public organ-
ization of business interests and citizens in securing an
adjustment of transportation difficulties having proved
itself unequal to the contest with the railroads, the situ-
ation passed into its next phase. Both in the haUs of
national legislation and in Texas had been gradually
growing the sentiment for public control of the great



TEXAS AND TEXANS



transportation facilities of the country, at that time en-
tirely confined to the railroads. Mr. Daugherty out of
his long experience and study of transportation condi-
tions in Texas, and the various limitations and obstacles
placed upon the private citizen and local business by the
railroad companies, had become a firm advocate of a rail-
road commission which might regulate and adjust freight
and passenger rates and control the operations of rail-
road lines in the interests of all the people rather than
for the special privilege of a few. The bad faith prac-
ticed by the representatives of the Texas Eailways on
the committee of which Mr. Daugherty was chairman, as
' to immigration rates; the hobbled conditions in which
the industrial growth of Texas was held by the unjust
policies of her railroad management, keyed Mr. Daugh-
erty up to the fighting pitch. He had worked tor years,
spent his time and his money to secure railroads to
Texas, because he believed they could be made the most
potent factors in creating its prosperity. Instead of the
railroads being managed to perform their true func-
tions, he saw their control in the hands of stock and
bond gamblers who operated them as stock and bond
gambling devices. He saw no way to remedy the evil,
except through government ownership or a state railroad
commission. To review all his active connection and
participation with the discussion and agitation for a
railroad commission in Texas would be too long a story.
Despite his own and the vigorous advocacy of others for
such a commission, the legislature refused to pass a joint
resolution authorizing the submission to the voters of
Texas an amendment to the constitution authorizing the
creation of such a commission. An article written by
Mr. Daugherty in favor of the establishment of the
railroad commission and offered to the Galveston Xews
for publication had been held up by the editor until
the day after the legislature committed itself on this
resolution, and was then given to the public. Mr.
Daugherty was congratulated on the many strong and
forceful arguments contained in that article, and among
others convinced James S. Hogg, then attorney general,
of the feasibility and necessity of such a state body.
Mr. Hogg soon afterwards became active candidate for
the office of governor, and one of the principal planks
in his platform was the submission of a constitutional
amendment authorizing the creation of a state railroad
commission. During his subsequent campaign, Mr. Hogg
used largely the material supplied by Mr. Daugherty in
advocating his new and somewhat radical proposal for
the railroad regulating body. Mr. Hogg was chosen
governor after a hot campaign, and under the constitu-
tional amendment authorizing the creation of a railroad
commission, he caused to be enacted a law creating the
first eflScient commission of that kind possessed by any
state of the American Union.

Hardly less important has been Mr. Daugherty 's con-
nection with other movements. Governor Hogg appointed
him to represent Texas on the good road committee of
the United States, a position he held for several years.
During that time he issued and distributed at his own
expense large quantities of good road literature, brought
about a good road convention at Houston, and in other
ways did much toward developing public sentiment in
Texas, which has latterly borne fruit in the construction
of thousands of miles of good macadamized public roads
throughout the state. Governor Hogg in 1893 appointed
him a delegate to the Trans-Mississippi Commercial
Congress, and among the many distinguished represent-
atives of the various state delegations was William Jen-
nings Bryan. Mr. Daugherty offered in this congress a
resolution asking that Congress should enact a law to
require the banks of the nation to provide an ample
fund to protect their depositors against loss. So far as
known this was the first instance in which such a meas-
ure was ever publicly advocated, and thus he has a good
claim to authorship of the idea of the now popular plan
of guaranty of bank deposits. Mr. Daugherty was also



appointed to prepare the address to the people of the
United States on the silver question. He was also
chosen one of the orators for Silver Day at the World's
Fair in Chicago. The address prepared by Mr. Daugh-
erty to the people of the United States on the silver ques-
tion at the request of the Trans-Mississippi Commercial
Congress was very generally published by the silver press
of the nation as campaign literature. When Richard P.
Bland, leader of the silver forces in Congress, made his
argument in behalf of silver coinage at the special ses-
sion of Congress in 1893 he asked the unanimous consent
of Congress, which was granted, that said address of
Mr. Daugherty might be printed in the Congressional
Eecord as a part of Mr. Bland's argument on the sub-
ject, and it was done.

As a citizen of Houston Mr. Daugherty has interested
himself in some of the larger projects and movements
for the improvement of business and civic conditions.
He gave his efforts to the establishment of cotton manu-
facturing industries in southern Texas, particularly at
Houston, and has been a strong advocate of a measure
which would place an embargo upon the exportation of
raw cotton. By so taxing exports of this staple that it
would be unprofitable to ship it abroad to the foreign
mills, Mr. Daugherty believes that local industries would
be stimulated and in time all our cotton would be con-
sumed in local manufacture, to the great benefit of the
entire nation.

In Harris county and vicinity Mr. Daugherty has been
a vigorous exponent of the organization of local drainage
districts, was made the first chairman of the Harris
county Drainage Association. He also took a prominent
part in the discussion preceding the organization of the
navigation district, a district tributary to the Houston
ship channel, and it was due to his suggestion and advo-
cacy that all of Harris county was comprised in that dis-
trict rather than the limited section of territory first
proposed. In 1910, Mr. Daugherty proposed resolutions
for the inauguration of a movement to secure the loca-
tion on the Gulf coast of Texas of a United States
Naval Station, navy yard, dry-dock, arsenal and ordnance
factory, and through his influence had these resolutions
endorsed at the meetings of the Texas industrial con-
gress and of the Trans-Mississippi Commercial Congress,
both congresses having met in Texas during that year.
Among other things Mr. Daugherty has interested him-
self in extending the friendly and protective interests
and relations of the United States to the Latin American
Republic on the south. His broad-minded vision covers a
great range of the possibilities and probabilities of the
future in both commercial and political history. At the
same time Mr. Daugherty is extremely loyal now as al-
ways to his home state of Texas, and particularly to his
home city of Houston. Concerning the advantages and
the opportunities which an alert people must set them-
selves to realize in and about this city, he has written the
following sentences: "Now is the time for the young,
courageous, industrious, economical and temperate of all
nations to cast their lot with Houston. Here will dwell
demand for muscle, brawn, inventive genius, mechanical
skill, financial capacity, executive power and the inherent
excellencies that crown success. It is possible for such
to weave themselves and their families into the impor-
tant factors that will constitute the successful and
mighty whole. Do not lament that you did not live in the
early days of San Francisco, Chicago, or New York.
Opportunities, unexcelled by either of these in their most
fortuitous days, now invite you to Houston. The great
axis of commerce of the western hemisphere will ulti-
mately take its true position on a northwest and south-
east line. When the multiplied millions of North, Cen-
tral and South America, educated and energized through
the methods of progressive civilization, seek to exchange
the product of their industry, climate and soil, the short-
est line of least resistance will be northwest and south-
east. In addition to these, the meeting of the great



2040



TEXAS AND TEXANS



railway systems and steamship interests, in the Houston-
Galveston district, have established it as the place for
one of the earth's mighty emporiums."

On December 19, 187S. Jacamiah Seaman Daugherty
married Margaret Cartmel Bryan, a daughter of Daniel
and Sarah (Pettit) Bryan of Lexington, Kentucky.
Daniel Boone married one of the Bryan family, and sev-
eral of its male members accompanied the great path-
finder and pioneer to Kentucky, participating with him
in the Indian wars and in the development of that mag-
nificent blue-grass region, and many of their descendants
are yet located around Lexington. Joseph Bryan, M. D.,
the oldest brother of Mrs. Daugherty, is a distinguished
physician and surgeon. It was he who, while in Bellevue
Hospital in New York, first introduced plaster of paris
jackets in the treatment of weak spines and other weak
members of the human body. The five children born to
Mr. Daugherty and wife are: Bryan Daugherty, a resi-
dent of New York City; Estelle, wife of John T.
Judd of Houston; Juliette, wife of Fenwick F. Kendall
of Houston; Erin, who died at the age of twenty-five;
and J. S., Jr., who died at the age of eighteen. The
Daugherty family reside in Houston, at 1202 Walker
Avenue.

At the nge of alninst sixty-four years, with clear mind
and soiiii'l 1mhI\ himI -li'tfimination, brightened with hope,
Jlr. Danulii itv *i;ll faics his work, both in business and
in the ]>uMir nifni'-ts. He proposes to devote the best
thought and persistent effort of the remainder of his
days to giving concrete being to these ideals which he
has always cherished, and which will give new meaning
and new direction to the industrial growth and civiliza-
tion of the great country of which Houston and Texas
are at the center. In the past he has been closely identi-
fied and always taking a positive side in many important
discussions and movements. His attitude is still that of
a man of strong conviction and positive belief. Among
other things in the modern movements he believes that
the woman suffrage plan is a discordant note, and that
it is bachelorhood to which woman should direct her
blows. He believes that man should be strongly imbued
with three loves; that the more perfect these three loves
are in him, the better man is he, viz.: the love of the
true and living God; the love of country; and the love
of and for one good woman, the crowning honor of his
home, the inspiration of all that is good and true in hu-
manity — the qualities that make for the higher and bet-
ter life here; and increase our capacity to better per-
ceive and recognize the beckonings of God to the pro-
gressive plains of the hereafter.

George G. Shaw. The legal profession of Kaufman
county has in George G. Shaw one of its ablest represent-
atives, and the county and city find in him one of the
flower of their citizenship. His record for more than
two decades has been one of the highest order, and
with the passing years he has gathered to himself hon-
ors not a few and the proper fruits of his profession
have been generously accorded to him. As senior mem-
ber of the firm of Shaw, Nash & Nash, leading insur-
ance and real estate people of Kaufman, he has been
identified with much of the business activities of the
place, while his legal practice has been one of far reach-
ing order. His official record, too. is one of the utmost
importance to the city, and as the executive head of
the city of Kaufman] he directed its affairs through
one of" the most important epochs in municipal devel-
opment.

Born on the 29th day of January, 1866, in Claiborne
Parish, Louisiana, George G. Shaw is the son of Alex-
ander and Sarah Ann (Kinard) Shaw, natives of
Georgia and South Carolina, respectively. The father
was a farmer of modest means who spent his later life



Online LibraryFrancis White JohnsonA history of Texas and Texans (Volume 4) → online text (page 144 of 177)