Francis White Johnson.

A history of Texas and Texans (Volume 4) online

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the victims of that dread disease. Three hundred patients
were quartered at his home and he took entire charge of
the impromptu hospital. His skill as a nurse made him
as valuable as any physician, and he also inaugurated a
system for caring for yellow fever patients which became
known as the ' ' Cleveland treatment, ' ' and in time was
adopted in many fever districts as one of the surest
methods of ameliorating the effects of the disease. By
reason of these services, he was frequently called Dr.
Cleveland, as well as by his just title through public
services. Judge Cleveland. He was a man of great
breadth of soul, and charity of temper, and during the
war a sick soldier was treated with equal consideration
whether he wore the uniform of the blue or of the
gray. He was a man of no mean literary attainments
and wrote several poems of merit. He continued to be
promiueutly connected with the city of Galveston as a
business man, up to the time of his death in 1876.

Charles Lander Cleveland, father of Judge J. S. Cleve-
land, was born in Kentucky, being brought by his par-
ents to Brazoria county, Texas, when seven years old.
In early life he decided upon the law as his vocation,
and studied under the preceptorship of Judge T. Branch
in the town of Liberty where he was adinitted to the bar.
He began practice there and continued until 1872 when
he moved to Galveston and became law partner of Judge
Asa H. Willie, who left his lucrative practice to his
partner and represented his district one term in the
United States congress. Judge C. L. Cleveland while
living at Liberty represented his county in the state
legislature for two terms, and for several years held the
office of district judge. In 1886 came his appointment
as United States federal judge for the special criminal
district composed of the counties of Galveston and Har-
ris, over which office he presided with characteristic
ability and efficiency until his death on February 9, 1892.
His wife, who was a Hardin, and of the family of
that name, in South Eastern Texas, where the Hardins
weip prominent from the days of early settlement, died
October 26, 1882. There were nine children in their
family, eight sons and one daughter.

J. "Stewart Cleveland, born December 18, 1854, at
Libertv, Liberty countv, Texas, was the third son of
Charles Lander and Mary A. (Hardin) Cleveland. The
family to which he belonged has had conspicuous mem-
bers and rendered splendid service to Texas since the
years immediately preceding the Eevolution which freed
this state from the Mexican rule. He received his early
education in private schools in this state and subse-
quently was a student of literature at Eoanoke College,
in Virginia. He completed his studies in preparation
for the law, under his father and Judge Willie at Gal-
veston. After being admitted to the bar he practiced
in Galveston until October 31, 1879, when he came to
Brownwood and opened office making that city his
home during the remainder of his life. About the year
1880 Judge Cleveland was elected county judge of Brown
county. It is a matter of biographical interest that each
member of the three successive generations mentioned
in this sketch bore the title of Judge, and that was a
distinction of service, not merely an honorary title.
He was three times judge of the Brown county court,
and then resigned at the solicitation of his friends, to
make the race for the office of District Judge. His
straightforward and fearless administration of affairs,
and particularly his stand on the temperance and other
moral questions had in the meantime aroused strong
enmity among the classes of people who profit most
by the liquor traffic and from general laxness of law
and morals, and that opposition was sufficiently strong
to defeat him as candidate for the district judgeship.
Judge Cleveland for several years may be said to have
lived in constant danger of death by violence, since he
was again and again threatened with assassination at the
hands of lawbreakers, but he went on undeterred by
either threats or actual violence, and continued his


general piactice as a lawyer up to the time of his

Judge Cleveland was always a stanch Democrat in
his political views and supported the party in every pos-
sible way. Aside from his operations in the field of law
he was prominent in business, and socially was one
of the best known men in bis section of the state. Com-
ing to Brownwood before the railroad reached that place,
he became one of the active builders of the community
and interested hims^elf actively in every good work for
its advancement and improvement.

In common with most families of affluence wine and
liquors were always found in the boyhood home of Judge
Cleveland, but early in life he decided that the use of
intoxicants was destructive to the body and deterimental
to the development of his highest ideals of manhood,
so he resolutely turned from their use and to the day
of his death he kept the vow of total abstinence and
not even physicians could induce him to break it. Unit-
ing with the Presbyterian church, he was true to the
teachings of the faith and a liberal contributor to all
church causes. Devout and resolute in his inner nature,
none were more earnest in their support of morality and
Christianity. With him there could be no middle course;
right was right-^wrong was wrong. Absolutely fear-
less in his support of everything which his judgment told
him to be .just and beneficial, he incurred the hostility
of the lawless class, and especially during the period
when he stumped Brown county with the temperance
workers in their efforts to put down the whiskey traf-
fic, living hourly in the presence of menace and danger.
It was common rumor at the time of his defeat for the
district judgeship that many who voted against him had
stated as their reason for so doing that "he was too fine
a Christian man." Once at least his wife and several
times his friends saved his life, and only those who un-
derstand the conditions of thirty years ago in West
Texas and realize how keen were the animosities separat-
ing the different classes of society can appreciate how
difficult was the course of such a character.

He possessed a logical mind of keenest mental grasp.
Acquainting himself with the world 's finest literature,
studying his father 's and his own extensive law libraries,
left him no time for light literature, but important
current events were always followed closely. He was
a man of unusual grace of carriage and gesture; of
such dignity of manner, that though all knew of his
ready wit, only his most intimate friends dreamed of his
wonderful powers of mimicry. When he did display
this talent, giving his old negro mammy's crooning
lullaby, or revival hymns, imitating birds, beasts or man
his small audiences would be moved to tears or laughter
at his will. Children loved him ; animals responded to
his affection and ran to meet him. His reverence for all
good women was marked and his mother, wife and child
were almost idolized.

Judge Cleveland made judicious investments from time
to time, leaving his family in good circumstances, and
no man can say there is taint or blemish on one dollar
of it. On November 15, 1877, Judge Cleveland was
married in Galveston to Miss Marie Louise Eitchie,
daughter of Timothy and Katherine Bitehie. Mrs.
Cleveland's father was a contractor, in several large
cities. He possessed the highest classical education, a
profound student to the day of his death. Mrs. Kath-
erine Ritchie was a woman of education and culture,
receiving her education in Paris and having traveled
extensively. She was a woman of extreme retinement and
piet.v. Judge and Mrs. Cleveland were the parents
of three daughters: Mary Katherine, and Francis Pearl,
who died in infancy; and Yrma Louise, who is the wife
of Guy L. Jones, who is engaged in the abstract and
loan business in Brownwood, where they reside with
Mrs. Cleveland. Like her husband. Mrs. Cleveland has
superior education and intellectual attainments, is a
woman of culture and is familiar with the world's best

literature and art. She belongs to the most exclusive
circles of Brownwood society and for years was promi-
nently identified with club work.

Judge Cleveland 's funeral was conducted by his pastor
at the Brownwood Presbyterian Church, and the services
were attended by people from all walks of life. Those
who had known him jirofessionally and in a business
way; those who had appreciated his services as an
honored, upright judge, those who had admired him
for the courageous manner in which he had adhered to
what he considered right; and last, but not least, those
who had benefited by his generosity, his great-hearted-
ness, his benevolence, — widows and orphans who knew in
his death they had lost a friend who could never be re-
placed — all these felt a deep sense of individual bereave-
ment in the death of this sterling and upright lawyer
and citizen.

Benjamin Franklin Whitepield. Among the various
commercial enterprises that give special character and
prominence to Midland as a trade center, one of the most
noteworthy is the Midland Mercantile Company, a large
general, store, which has a trade throughout the county,
carries an unusually complete stock of goods and main-
tains as its motto "The Standard of Excellence." The
Dusiness organization of this company is composed ol
the ablest commercial talent in tlie city, and the suc-
cess of the concern is largely due to the general manager
and treasurer, Mr. B. F. W'hitefield. Mr. Whitefield has
been identified with Midland and vicinity for fourteen
years, and has become successful both as a farmer and

Benjamin F. Whitefield was born in Ellis county,
Texas, September 15, 1S76, a son of George and Eliza
(Brack) Whitefield, both of whom were natives of Ten-
nessee, and came to Texas before the Civil war. Judge
Brack, the father of Eliza (Brack) Whitefield, was the
first judge of Ellis county. Mr. George Whitefield, the
father, was a farmer and stockman, and during the Civil
war served four years in the Confederate army under
General Beall. He located at what was known as
Mackey Springs, in Ellis county, and spent thirty-five
years as a farmer and stock raiser in that locality. He
owned several hundred acres of land near Waxabachie, in
Ellis county, and was engaged in the improvement of one
thousand acres of this land at the time of his death. He
was sixty-eight years of age when he died and during
his life time he had built up a generous material pros-
perity and was a man of influence and leadership in Ellis
county. His widow still resides at a comfortable home
in Waxabachie. There were seven children in the family
and two are now deceased. John W. Whitefield, is
owner of the old homestead in Ellis county; the ilid-
land merchant, is the next in order; Albert; Sidney
Whitefield lives on a ranch at Waxabachie; George W.
is at home with his mother; Charley, who is now de-
ceased. Lucy was the wife of W. D. Morton, of Glen
Rose, Texas, who is now deceased.

His boyhood days were spent in Ellis county, and
Benjamin" F. Whitefield attended the public schools and
later the high school in Midlothian. When eighteen he
took a course in the Metropolitan Business College, and
then in 1899 came out to Midland. The first year was
spent in cattle raising and he then came into town and
established a store known as the Midland Grocery &
Dry Goods Company in 1900. After he had carried on
a successful business at that location for ten years, a
destructive fire occurred which destroyed his store and
several other places of business in Midland, an entire
block of tlie city being wiped out. Despite the heavy
loss thus occasioned him Mr. Whitefield. almost before the
ashes had cooled had organi>ed the Midland Mercantile.
Company, of which he was one of the principal stock-
holders and general manager and treasurer. This com-
pany built a fine new brick block with about fifteen
thousand square feet of floor space, and in those quar-



ters installed the most complete stock of merchandise to
be found anywhere between El Paso and Fort Worth.
Fifteen employees are required to attend to the various
branches of the business, and it is a very prosperous and
growing concern. A successful man of business, Mr.
Whitefield has always shown his readiness to enter into
any co-operative undertaking for the advancement of
Midland. Besides his mercantile interests he owns a
large amount of land in Midland county, comprising an
estate of six hundred acres of improved farm land in
which he takes special pride. His beautiful home is one
of the most attractive and comfortable in Midland. Mr.
Whitefield is vice president of the Commercial Club, and
is in every respect one of the most energetic boosters of
this community. In politics he is a Democrat. In 1900,
Mr. Whitefield married Miss Ada Earl Wolcott, who was
born in Texas, a daughter of Andrew J. and Ida (Mc-
Cartney) Wolcott. The Wolcott family were among the
pioneers of Ellis county, became especially prominent as
stock raisers, and are now residents in Oak Cliff at Dal-
las. The three children of Mr. and Mrs. Whitefield are
Franklin Wolcott, Ina Beth and Eulalia. Each year
iir. Whitefield takes two vacations; one month in the
. spring he devotes to fishing, and during another month
of the year he visits his mother's home, and the latter
vacation he never fails to take for any reason what-

Chaeles Alfred Clapp. For many years one of the
well known men in the public service at Dallas was the
late Charles Alfred Clapp, whose death occurred in 1899.
He came to Dallas as a building contractor, but was
later for a long time connected with different depart-
ments in the municipal service.

Charles Alfred Clapp was born in Montgomery, Ala-
bama, in 1855, one of eight children born to Nelson and
Harriet (Cowan) Clapp. His father was a contractor
and rebuilt the capitol of Alaliama. after it had been
burned. Charfes Alfred Clapp was the only one of the
family who came to Texas. He married at the age of
twenty, and then started out in life for himself, and
soon afterwards came to Texas, where he became a eon-
tractor, a business which he had learned under his father.
For ten years he was on the police force of Dallns, and
then entered the fire department. During a fire while in
the performance of his duty he was injured and was
then transferred to the water department, with which
he continued until his death. The late Mr. Clajip was
never a politician, though an active supporter of the
Democracy, and a good citizen in every time and place.
His church was the Catholic and he was affiliated with
the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and the Ancient
Order of Workmen. His residence, where his widow
now resides, is at 1911 Park avenue.

On February 17, 1874, Mr. Clapp married Miss Mary
Hennement, who was born in Alabama, a daughter of
Henry and Hannah (Holmes) Hennement. She was one
of ten children, and the oldest in the family. Her father
was a native of Gernumy, while her mother was born in
Ireland. Bv oi-ciipntinn her father was a merchant.
The three children of Mr. ami Mrs. Clapp are: William
H., connected with the railroad service in Louisiana, has
three children, Morine, Eleanor, and James W. ; Birdie
is the wife of W. 0. House, in the automobile bu
at Dallas, and has three chil
Charles D. ; Nellie, a business
with her mother.

Alma, Mary and
Q, resides at home

tered i
on the
wife w
after 1

LoiTis WoRDLAw Tittle. As finance commissioner of
the Prison System of Texas, Louis Wordlaw Tittle has
one of the most responsible positions in the state gov-
ernment. He began his service in that capacitv in Janu-
ary, 1911. Mr. Tittle became a resident of Huntsville at
that time, coming from Eusk, where he had just closed
a term of eight years as county clerk of Cherokee county.
He has long been active in political and business affairs.

and his family has been identified with Texas since the
beginning of its statehood.

Louis W. Tittle was born at Alto, Texas, Septeml.ier 3,
1859, a son of James B. and Jane U. (Findlav) Tittle!
James B. Tittle, who came to Texas in 1845, from
Yazoo City, ilississippi, and became an earlv settler of
Cherokee county, was born in Abbeville district of South
Carolina, in which locality his wife was also born. He
acquired a good education and belonged to a familv of
].lanters and slave holders. The Tittles are of German
origin and were among the early settlers in South Caro-
lina. James B. Tittle had a brother, Louis, who died in
Bastro]! cnnnty, Toxas, with a family; a sister, Mrs.
Skinner, of \:r/Mn ('it\. Mississippi; a brother Arch'e,
who died ill Snntli Cainliii:,. .Tames B. Tittle taught
school ill Miss,sM|.|-i ;,imI in Texas, and in the war en-
^'tli llnnd's iilil Texas regiment and died
irld of Mansfield, Louisiana, in 1864. His
iii^lirn of John F. Findlay, a farmer, and
laml's .leath she supported her family by
I. sli,. ,|iei"l in 1872, and was the mother
of two .liildivii: S:i,,i Houston Tittle, of Mangum, Okla-
homa; and Louis \\".

Louis W. Tittle was educated by his mother, who at
the same time was teaching other' children in order to
support herself and her two sons. After her death, Mr.
Tittle went to work on a farm in the comiiiunity of Alto.
His lias li"on a varied experience. On leaving the farm
111' \Miif to ('lay county in northwest Texas in ls7(i,
spoilt two yiiais as a cattleman, then in the employ of
.Mr. Ilcnsloy. a rancher, went to the Lease. Eiver, and

remained at the mouth of that snvnn, i! i one year.

Returning to Cherokee county, lio ; ; ■ ■ ; ,ok a posi-

tion in a store in Alto for soiiio i ;■ i- the year

1880, after which he opened a st i. I, ,0 -1 .. . - os for him-
self and continued in biisiiio-s ninil loni:, when he sold
out. In the meanfinic In- Inol twir, suffered the calam-
ity of fire, but iu flu- m.l in nod 1 loiu merchandising
with enough property to repieseut a moderate success in
the world.

On retiring from business, Mr. Tittle took an active
part in practical politics, became candidate for the offiee
of county clerk, and was elected, receiving the nomination
in competition with three other men. He succeeded J.
W. Chandler in the office, and by re-election three terms
continued as an office holder until the close of 1910.
Since his curly yoais )ie has been active iu Democratic
state pnliii.^. Ills lii^r state convention in which he sat
as a dclr-iito w.i- m lss4, when Governor Ross received
his noiiiinatioii in I oilveston. Since then only two or
three conventions have been missed by him. He was a
delegate at the famous car-shed convention, iu which he
supported Mr. Hogg for governor, and iu later years
has always been a warm admirer and supporter of Sen-
ator Bailey. It was from Governor Colquitt that he re-
ceived his first appointment as penitentiary commissioner,
and was reappointed iu ^lay, 1912. His first service wag
on the board with B. & Cabbell and R. W. Brahan, and
the new board comprises himself and W. 0. Murray and
S. J. Bass.

Mr. Tittle was married March 10, 1881, to Miss Vir-
ginia Wood, whose father. John W. Wood, came from
Tennessee and was a farmer at Alto. He married Eliza-
beth Boyd. Mr. an.l :\Ls. Tittle have the following
children: Daisy, wife of W, H. Shook, of Eusk, and the
mother of three children, Harold W.. John L., and Vir-
ginia; Elisabeth, wife of F. M. Priest, of Eusk; Sallie
L. ; Myrtle M. ; Lois D. ; Pauline ; and .Janie .loyce. llr.
Tittle is a past master of his Masonic lodge, a past
chancellor of the Knights of Pythias, belongs to the
Knights of Honor, and has served as a delegate to it&
grand lodge several times, and is also afSliated with the
Woodmen of the World. His mother was a devout Bap-
tist, and his own family are of the same faith.



Henry Allen Hooks. While Hardin county belongs
in the great Texas pine belt, and its timber resources
have been, until recent years, the prime factor in its
wealth, it has also contained from the early days fami-
lies of agricultural and stock-raising prominence, and one
of the most representative of these bears the name just
mentioned. Henry Allen Hooks represents the second
generation in this" part of Texas, and while successful as
a farmer, has also extended his activities to circles other
than the agricultural. He comes of a pioneer family,
his parents having been identified with Hardin county
from the time of its organization until their death, hav-
ing settled there before the creation of Hardin county.

Henry Allen Hooks was born on his father 's farm in
Hardin county in 1868, a son of William and Martha
(Collier) Hooks. The family history is given in more
detail under the name Joseph L. Hooks, a brother of
Henry Allen. The latter grew up on his father 's farm,
and since 1892 has maintained his home in Kuntze, the
county seat. His business prosperity has been chiefly
derived from his farming operations, in which he has
been engaged since reaching manhood. His farm is
very advantageously located, adjoining the town of
Kuntze on the southwest. The place comprises six hun-
dred forty-three acres, and though only a portion of it
is now under cultivation Mr. Hooks is gradually extend-
ing his fields, putting them in pecans, and when the
ieavy pine forests have been cleared off he wiU have a
splendid pecan grove, since it has been discovered that
the cut-over lands of southeast Texas are among the
most productive in the entire state. His crops up to the
present time have been chiefly cane, potatoes and corn,
and some of the best varieties of pecans are now bearing
in the grove.

Mr. Hooks has taken a prominent part in public affairs
in both his home town and county, and has been hon-
ored by election to various public offices, in all of which
he has rendered worthy service to the people. For four
years he was county tax assessor, from 1906 to 1910, and
in the latter year was elected county commissioner. In
1912 he was re-elected for another term of two years,
and is still one of the men upon whom devolves the re-
sponsibilities of managing the county's fiscal affairs.

Mr. Hooks married Miss Esther Scale, who was horn in
Tyler county, and belongs to one of the pioneer families
of east Texas. Their three children are: William Arden
Hooks, Clara Allen and Esther Orlou Hooks.

Frank Carr. One of El Paso's well known business
men and popular citizens was called by death on July 28,
1911. Mr. Frank Carr had for upwards of twenty-seven
years been a resident of this city, was at one time county
jailer, and during most of his local business life was in
the undertaking business. He was highly respected for
his personal integrity and good citizenship, and had a
large circle of friends. Mrs. Carr still resides in El Paso
at their old home at 515 Prospect Avenue.

Mr. Frank Carr was born in the state of Ohio, in
Brown county, in 1860, representing an old family of
that state. His great-grandfather had come from Ire-
land and had become one of the early settlers of Ohio,
founding a family which is still numerously represented
in the old state. Mr. Carr attained his education in the
public schools of his native county, and spent his early
life on a farm. His first business was that of cattle
raising, in association with his brother Charles Carr in
eastern Texas, his brother still being engaged in that
occupation. In 1887, twenty-five years ago, when El
Paso was still almost a frontier village, Mr. Carr located
here and for several years was county jailer during the
time when Mr. Hildebrand was sheriff of El Paso county.
He then engaged in the undertaking business with J. E.
Nagley, under the firm name of Nagley & Carr, subse-
quently selling his interests to Mr. Nagley, and forming
a partnership with McBean and Simons, continuing in
that association until his death.

Mr. Carr was a Eepubliean in politics, having been
brought up in the Eepubliean state. He was fraternally
affiliated with the Knights of Pythias, the Beavers, the
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and was especially
popular in the local lodge of Elks. He was laid to rest
in Evergreen Cemetery under the auspices of his brother
Elks. He was reared in the Presbyterian church. Mr.
Carr was married March 27, 1886, at Valentine, Texas,
to Miss Nellie O'Connor of that place, a daughter of
Patrick and Matilda O 'Connor, who were farmers of

Online LibraryFrancis White JohnsonA history of Texas and Texans (Volume 4) → online text (page 168 of 177)