Francis White Johnson.

A history of Texas and Texans (Volume 4) online

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twenty Anadarko Indians. From the day of his depar-
ture to the west no news came from the little band, but
in after years it was ascertained on reliable information
that all the party had been slain by Mexicans. Dr. Jesse
Watkins married Mary McCorkle, who died at Nacog-
doches in 1862. There was a family of five sons and
two daughters, namely: Eev. Archibald H., who was a
minister of the gospel and labored for his church in Texas
more than forty years, dying in Eusk county about 18SS ;
John M., who settled in Kaufman county in 1852, and
left a large family at Kemp when he died, having served
his <iiinity as jihlup from 1856 to 1860; Rev. Richard O.,
fath.'i ut Dr. William A. Watkins; Robert, who died at
Na.'.i.::>l>i. li.'s -iihl left a large family; and Hon. Jesse J.,
who dir^l at 1 )(iiiglas, Texas, in 1911, having served his
county in the legislature and as county judge; Sallie,
wife of Col. Robert Smith of Henderson, where she
died; Mary, who married Col. Wynne of Rusk county,
where she died.

Rev. Richard O. Watkins, father of Dr. Watkins, was
born near Murfreesboro, Tennessee, in 1816. His educa-
tion was received at Shannon, Mississippi, and in Leb-
anon, Tennessee, and he entered the ministry of the
Cumberland Presbyterian Church. For many years he
was prominent as a pastor in Texas, and was stationed
at difi'erent times at Austin and Waco, and was also
closely identified with the work of the church school at
Tehuacana. He was a member of the board that located
that noted old Trinity University, which now has its
home in Waxahachie> The University was founded at
Tehuacana in 1868. Rev. Watkins gave liberally to it
for endowment purposes, among his contributions being
the dormitory of twenty rooms for the housing of young
men studving for the ministry. Rev. Watkins preached
all over the inhabited part of Texas, and was active in
the work for forty-five years. While the war between the
states was in progress, he carried on his ministerial du-
ties, and at the same time showed his loyalty to his south
by his active advocacy of its cause, and through the
service of his own sons. He fed the wives of those
fighting under the "Stars and Bars" and was a friend
and counselor during the dark hours of trouble. He did
a splendid work in every field of intellectual activity, and
passed on the sceptre of the church to those who came
up under some influences he had set in motion.

In 1855, Rev. R. 0. Watkins followed his brother to
Kaufman county, and there maintained his home. Of
his familv of six sons two served in the Confederacy as
soldiers and are now deceased, while four are active and
successful men of business or of professions. Rev. Wat-
kins married Miss Amanda Polk, a daughter of John



Polk of Memphis, Tennessee. They were married at
San Augustine, Texas, where the Polk family has been
among the most prominent in that section of the state.
Mrs. Watkins died at Kemp in 1912 at the age of
ninety-two, having survived her husband for many years.
Their chihlren were: John P., who belonged to Col. Par-
sons ' Twelfth Texas Cavalry, lived the life as a farmer,
and died at Kemp at the age of sixty-nine; Jesse A., who
served in the same command with his brotlier, was a
farmer and died at the age of sixty-iMylit ; b'irli.-inl O.,
a successful farmer near Kemp; Willi:iiii A.: l.'iilicrt S.,
who lives retired at Waxahachie, Ti-x.-i^^, ini^l wlm-,. his-
tory is given in greater detail, elsewlicie; aud Judge A.
B., of Athens, Texas, who was born in 1S5S.

Dr. William A. Watkins was born at Nacogdoches,
June 4, 1849. Since 185.5 his home has been at Kemp,
and he grew up on a farm, received probably more than
ordinary educational .idvantages, and graduated from the
old Trinity University at Tehuacana in 1870. Choosing
medicine as his profession, he graduated from Tulane
University in 1^7?,, and his first years of practice were
spent at Prairicville. In tlio course of forty years many
changes have liocn introduced into the science of medi-
cine and its practice, and T)r. Watkins has been one of
the progressive men who has endeavored to keep pace
with all improvements. He has taken several post-
graduate courses in the New Orleans Polyclinic, and has
fraternized with the various medical associations. He
belongs to the County and State Medical Societies, the
Dallas District Clinic, and the American Medical Asso-

While his zeal and efforts have been chiefly bestowed
upon his profession, Dr. Watkins has likewise also been
prominent in democratic politics in Texas. He served
as chairman of the county executive committee twice,
attended many state party conventions, and was a dele-
gate to the famous Hogg-Clark convention, to which he
went as a supporter of Mr. Clark, but returned a cham-
pion of Governor Hogg. In local affairs he did a helpful
part in assisting to locate the public school at Kemp,
and for twenty years served the cause of public educa-
tion as a member of the local school board. His chil-
dren have all profited by splendid opportunities for edu-
cation, the older ones in Trinity University, his own alma
mater, and the youngest is now a student in the Denton
Industrial Normal.

On October 27, 1876, Dr. Watkins was married in
Kemp to Miss Jane Noble, a daughter of George W.
Noble, who came to Kaufman county from Mississippi
in 18.52, with his father. Levi Nolile.' George W. Noble
married Marv Lacv, and their onlv child is Mrs. Wat-
kins. The children' of Dr. and Mrs.' Watkins are: Gene-
vieve, wife of It. E. Tfeierson of Kemp, they having one
son, Roval Watkins Tieierson ; Cliaille C. a railroad man,
who married Miss Alma Baker, nf Ada, Oklahoma, and
their one daughter is Eugenia: Miss Mary P.. a kinder-
garten teacher of the El Paso City Schools; Miss Bessie,


a crndii

ton Tii^hisiiiiil liwtitnt,..

Dr. Wrilkius was l.n.iii;)
and has licen a menilier of
boyhood. He has represei
teries. Synods and Gener:
with the Masonic fraterniti

Normal, and a teacher in the
nri ; and Billie Jane of the Den-

L;lit up under religious influence
)t' the Preshvterian church since
ented his churcli in the Presby-
ral Asseudily. He is affiliated
ch his father belonged,

and is a member of the Kaufman Chapter of Eoyal Arch
Masonry. His other affiliations are the Knights of
Pythias' and the Woodmen of the World. Dr. Watkins
is a man of large and vigorous physique, an active mind,
and has employed his resources and abilities in many
ways to benefit his community. He owns and operates
through tenants considerable farm property, and has
city real estate in Kemp besides his own home.

Hon. OLE EDwm Olandek, D. D. President of the
Texas Wesleyan College of Austin, Hon. Ole Edwin

Vol. IV— 3 4

Olander has from early manhood

identified with the ministry of the , ,,

church. He began his career in the mini r,l

of twenty-three, immediately after his ..r.i ,;-

ing his first , -all to service, and has fillcl , ,, , , :, ,j,-
iniiiitiiirTii^ ~i]i,r that time, each succeeding rli.-iruc liring-
iii- "l'l"l 'I'l'"- ■ml ivsponsibilities until he reached his

I"'"'"' !"'-■' I f >.'rvice that brings his influence as a

Clin-^tiiiii ,(lnr,ii,)r to humlreds of young men and women
preparing for useful careers.

Dr. Olander was born in Norway on December 31,
58, a son of Andrew 01a%-son, a 'Methodist minister,
fter the family

The change of the surnanu> was t
emigration to America. Tlip fiiili,
ISfiS, settling in Minnesot:,, :,i,.| :u
Olander was reared and h,i.l his ,.
.\ftor finishing with tlie j.ulili.
thr Su,.,li-h Methodi.'^t Theologi
P.-iiil, .\liiin,-,.t.-i. an institution sin
Ill.iini.. ()ui„y to lack of nio:n:
fili'sli liis ,.„„,«,. initil "rndnatilin.

:nne to America in
it state Ole Edwin

'liools, he entered
Seminary at St.
iioved to Evanston,
lie was unable to
lui? siiiic received
IMS ,|,|,lM,n:, tinn, t|„. s,.„,i,n.y. :u,.| nn arr,,„„t of his
fintlifnl .■iimI s|,|,.,„1„| u„rk fnr tli.' M.-tlin,li-t rlmrch and
its iiistifiitioiis several .■ii1I(.m,;.« tliroughout the country
have since rewarded him with honorary diplomas and
with the title of D. D.

Dr. Olander was ordained to the ministry at tlie age
of twenty-three, and his first call was to the church at
Escanaba, Michigan, and his second was at Trade Lake,
Wisconsin, where he served a pastorate of two years.
Then going out to Seattle, Washington, he was "made
presiding elder of the district, in spite of his youth, a
post he continued to hold for six years, discharging its
duties in a manner that won him high praise from the
oflScials of the church. For twelve years Dr. Olander
was pastor of the Central Swedish M'ethodist church of
Austin. Texas, and for the past twelve years has been
district superintendent of the Austin district of the
Southern Swedish Methodist Conference. During the first
six years of his term he was both pastor and district su-
perintendent. These duties have since been increased
by the additon of his work as president of the Texas
Wesleyan College, of whirdi he mic the fr,,,,!,],.,-.

The history of the Tex:is W,-!,. .,, i M,.^e is, in
brief, as follows: On August !l, r.i 7. , ■ : j ^vas held

in Central M. E. chuivh in An- ,, , , , , . xehisivelv

ist Fa<

Swedi'sh Conference of the :\Iethn

The deliberations at that meeting took form in resolu-
tions to found an academy or college in Texas. Trustees
were elected and various committees appointed, and it
was decided to lay the matter before the Swedish people
of the state. The appeal to the people was not made
in vain. There was an immediate and hearty response.
Not only did the Swedish people of the state show a
healthy interest in the pro.iect, but many others, and
especially the citizens of Austin, looked with favor on
the plan. Austin was wisely selected as the most suitable
|daee for the location of the institution, .-ind Tir. (il;neli>r
undertook, on his personal res|.inisiliility. lo |,iii,lii-e
fur the sum of six thousand tlin'e linihlu'd r|i,!l;i'> a
twenty-one acre tract of
a building site. The m.
diately by the business nu
through the Business Lea
commenced in the sumnie
1912, the work was com
Texas Wesleyan College ••
ers on duty and in read
close of the first semestei
had a total enrollin.nt of
record for an institntien

The college is most ad'

1 aihl ntliel
;ne. Weik

■ e,i,/e,,s ,,f Austin,

.e, rlie „.h00l was

.IneenV 9. 1912;

. uitl, ten teach-

,.. - »nik. At the

i. 1912, the school

pupils, an excellent

1 tlie lirst

•' located, and with



its twenty-one acre campus presents an attractive appear-
arice. The campus itself is a natural park, covered with
groves of ancient oaks and pecans, is situated about a
mile and a half from the main business section of the
city, and less than a mile from the eapitol building,
while it is only four blocks from the campus of the
University of Texas.

To Dr. Olander is due much of the credit for the or-
ganization aud present existence of this ideal denomina-
tional school. The plan had its conception in his mind,
and his hand guided the affairs of the institution from
conception into materialization, and the position of presi-
dent, which he has held from the beginning, is one for
which he is especially well fitted by nature and training.
His life has been one of the highest devotion to duty,
and his influence has been the inspiration of many a
young Scandinavian who has set out to reach a high
mark in life, taking the work and precepts of Dr. Olander
as his guide and ambition. Dr. Olander 's work as a
Christian teacher and minister has brought him a host
of friends, and no better evidence of this could be cited
than his election to the Thirty-third Legislative Assem-
bly of the State in 1913, in which oflSce he is now serv-
ing, and through him the best interests of his district
and the state are being well considered.

Heeman Eowe. The ordinary, everyday man iii the
business avocation which brings him his means of liveli-
hood is fairly representative of the nation 's citizenship.
In the professions, and especially in the law, the oppor-
tunities for public usefulness and personal advancement
depend almost entirely upon the individual, natural en-
dowment being as essential as is thorough preparation.
The bar of Waco, a representative body of the state, has
its full quota of able men.

Mr. Eowe is a native son of Texas and of McLennan
county, where he was born, June 20, 1888. His father,
John "f. Eowe, was born at Camphill, Tallapoosa county,
Alabama, June 2-1, 1861, and for a number of years has
been prominent in business circles of Waco, where he is
at the head of an extensive brokerage enterprise. His
mother, Addie L. (Eice) Eowe, is a native of McLen-
nan county. A complete review of the parents' lives
appears on another page of this work. They had two
children: Herman and John F., Jr.

The early education of Herman Eowe was secured in
the pul.ili^- 'srli.Hils, following which he became a student
in Baylni riii\ci.ity, ;m institution which he attended
until lie w,is siMiiii years of age. At that time he en-
tered Trinity I'liiMisity, where he spent two years, and
then, having decided upon a legal career, he entered the
law department of the Cumberland University, and was
graduated therefrom with the class of 1913, receiving
the degree of Bachelor of Laws. Almost immediately
he began practice in Waco, and this city has continued
to be the scene of his labors. He holds membership in
various organizations of his calling.

Mr. Eowe was married at Waco, September 23, 1908,
to Miss Xonie Jones, daughter of Mr. and Mrs. J.
Jones. The father, who served as county clerk of Mc-
Lennan county for several years, died in 1901, at Waco.
One child has been born to Mr. and Mrs. Eowe: Mabel
E., born October 8, 1909. Mr. Eowe is a devotee of
hunting and fishing, but rarely finds time from the duties
of his calling to indulge in his favorite sports. He is
devoted to his home, and has a comfortable residence on
Cameron Park Terrace. He and Mrs. Eowe are consist-
ent members of the First Baptist Church of Waco,
where they have numerous friends, as they have also in
social circles of the city.

EOLLEN J. Windrow. The present county engineer
for McLennan county is an expert in his line, was at one
time instructor in the Agricultural and Mechanical Col-
lege at Bryan, and has had a varied career in practical
work of his profession, in the federal service and on

railroads and state and local public works. Like a num-
ber of other progressive counties in Texas, McLennan
has undertaken a campaign for a large number of public
improvements, including improved highways, bridges, a
promotion of suitable drainage and other works that will
enable the county to realize to the best advantage its
fine resources, and the county was fortunate to secure
the services of so able an engineer as Mr. Windrow
to give his technical skill and experience in carrying
out the many improvements which are now being planned.

Eollen J. Windrow represents one of the old families
in southern Texas, his great-grandparents having come
from Tennessee to Texas when children. Mr. Windrow
himself is a native of San Saba, Texas, where he was
born in June, 1SS5. His father, Cleveland C. Windrow,
was born at Weimar in Colorado county, in 1852, was a
contractor, and died in 1909. The maiden name of the
mother was Mary Crenshaw, who was born at Weimar
in 1854, and now lives with her son Eollen in Waco. The
five children are named as follows: Beulah, Burk, Irene,
Alice and Eollen. Beulah married George Houghton,
a merchant at Temple; Burk, who died at Del Eio in
1910, was a contractor, and by his marriage to Pearl
Love left one child; Irene married Marvin Purdom, a
railroad engineer living at Van Buren, Arkansas, and
their one child is Eollen; Alice married A. G. McGalvin,
an electrical engineer living at Dallas.

Eollen J. Windrow, who is unmarried and whose home
is at 918 North Twelfth street, in Waco, while a boy
displayed marked inclination for the mechanical and
technical lines which have finally brought him into his
present possessions. His higher education was acquired
at the Agricultural and Mechanical College at Bryan,
where he specialized in civil engineering, and in 1906
engaged in practical work. In 1912 the college at Bryan
granted him the degree of Civil Engineer, his previous
work having won him the Bachelor of Science degree in
1906. From 1906 to 1907 Mr. Windrow was employed
by the general government on river improvements in the
vicinity of Vicksburg, in Mississippi; he was with the
Santa "Fe Eailroad from 1907 to 1908; then with the
Texas Central Eailroad from 1908 to 1909, and again
with the Santa Fe from 1909 to 1911. In the latter year
Mr. Windrow returned to his Alma Mater as instructor
in civil engineering, and remained a member of the fac-
ulty of the college until 1913. In the latter year came
his appointment as county engineer for McLennan county,
and since then his home has been in Waco.

Mr. Windrow affiliates with the Benevolent and Pro-
tective Order of Elks and is a Eoyal Arch Mason.
His church home is the Methodist, and his political af-
filiation is with the Democratic party. Mr. Windrow is
an associate member of the American Society of Civil
Engineers. As an enterprising Waco citizen he has a
membership in the Young Men's Business League. Out-
side of his profession, which is both his business and his
hobby, Mr. Windrow finds occasional recreation and re-
laxation in a fishing trip and is a lover of outdoor life
of all kinds.

NOTLT O. W'ORTHAM. Among the county officials nf
McLennan county, none has performed his duties with
greater fidelity and eflSeieucy, competence and economy
than Notly O. Wortham, whose administration of the
county treasurer's office covers five years. Mr. Wortham
has lived in McLennan county for nearly half a century,
was at one time a cattle herder, as a result of industry
and sticking to his job acquired a good farm, was in
business at Waco many years, and his record in every
capacity has been such as to entitle him to the confidence
displayed by his fellow citizens in electing him to his
present office.

Notlv O. Wortham was born in Graves county, Ken-
tuckv, March 8, 1848, a son of David D. and Amelia P.
(Keilv) Wortham. The father, who was born in Vir-
ginia "in 1804, and came to Texas in 1862, was a farmer




by occupation and died in 1872. The mother was born
in Tennessee about 1S20 and died in 18S2. Their twelve
children are named as follows: Elizabeth, deceased;
Minerva, deceased; Charity; Susan; Patrick K., de-
ceased; John, deceased; Emily, deceased; Notly O.;
Eliza, deceased; Addie; May; Warren, deceased.

Mr. Wortham was about fourteen years old when the
family moved to Texas, and his education was largely
acquired in the common schools of his native state of
Kentucky. His first employment away from the home
farm was as a cattle herder for one year, followed^ by a
situation as ranch manager or foreman for a similar' time,
and he then invested his modest capital in two hundred
acres of land in McLennan county. This land was cul-
tivated under his management in cotton and corn for
five years, and he then sold out and moved to the city
of Waco. For twenty years Mr. Wortham was asso-
ciated with W. K. Pink in the general merchandise busi-
ness, and in that time became one of the most popular
citizens of McLennan county. In 1908, during his first
election to the office of county treasurer, and by the
votes of the people his administration has been con-
tinued down to the present time.

At Waco, on September 15, 1891, Mr. Wortham mar-
ried Miss Hannah Hopkins, of that city. Their three
children are Euth, Notly H., and Clarence K. Mr.
Wortham has long given active support to the dominant
political party in Texas, and outside of his public and
political work and his business, his chief interest is cen-
tered in the Christian church, of which he is an elder.
His home, which he owns, is a comfortable residence at
the corner of Fifteenth and Henry streets.

Bacon Saunders, M. D. The limits assigned to this
brief review of one of the most eminent surgeons ol
Texas and the southwest make it necessary that the
biographer confine himself to tracing the origin and
progress of a rare professional career; to present briefly
the life of a prominent citizen as it has been seen by the
mass of unprofessional people among whom it has been
spent; to note the high professional honors which it has
received; to give but the outline of a life that can only
be justly and adequately considered by the professional
writer and appreciated by the reader who has a thor-
ough knowledge of the subjects which have engaged his
activities, and can follow the line of original investiga-
tion which it has been his fortune to make in some im-
portant lines of surgery.

It can be stated without the possibility of gainsaying
that Bacon Saunders is today one of the surgeons of
first rank in the United States. Twenty years ago when
he first located at Fort Worth he had a reputation for
skill and ability of more than local measure, and his
services have since then been brought into a constantly
enlarging field so that for a number of years he has
had scarcely a peer in the entire southwest. One of the
most coveted honors of the profession was given him re-
cently at the institution of the American College of Sur-
geons, when Dr. Saunders was made a Fellow of the Col-
lege. This organization, patterned after the Royal Col-
lege of Surgeons in England, is designed to afford some
method of clear distinction for those members of the
medical profession who are specially equipped for sur-
gical work, and membership in the American College of
Surgeons is an index of high proficiency in surgery even
more than membership in the American Medical Asso-
ciation indicates standing and ability in the general
field of medicine. A son of a pioneer Texas physician,
whose career received some special attention in the fol-
lowing paragraph; Bacon Saunders was born at Bowling
Green, Kentucky, January 5, 1855. When he was two
years old the family came to Texas, settling first at Dal-
las, where they lived until 1869, and then moving to
Bonham in Fannin county. His education vpas begun in
private school at Dallas, and when the family moved to
Bonham he entered Carlton College, a noted institution

of its day, where he was graduated in 1873, receiving hia
degree of Bachelor of Arts when only eighteen years old.
The following two years were spent in teaching at Bon-
ham, and at the same time he was a diligent student of
medicine in his father's office. He then entered the Med-
ical Department of the University of Louisville, where
he was graduated M. D. March 1, 1877, the honor man
of a class of one hundred and ninety members. Eeturn-
ing to Bonham, he entered upon the practice of his
chosen calling, and did a successful professional business
there until January, 1893. He was the partner of his
father at Bonham, and it was the surgical branch of
the firm's practice to which he gave special attention.
His removal from Bonham to Fort Worth was due to the
many calls upon his ability as a surgeon, and the superior
railroad facilities at Fort Worth enabled him to attend
distant cases with greater convenience. For several years
Dr. Saunders was a partner of the late W. A. Adams, and
later with F. D. Thompson, and while with them paid
some attention to general medical practice. During the
past fifteen years, however. Dr. Saunders has confined
himself to the practice of surgery, and his achievements
have been such as to place him at the head of his pro-
fession in the state.

Dr. Saunders was one of the founders of the medical
department of Fort Worth University, and is now presi-
dent of the faculty of the Medical Department of the
Texas Christian University, and professor of surgery and
clinical surgery in that institution. He has considered
his position as a teacher of young men in preparation
for the responsible duties of medical life, a duty higher
than any private interest, and has frequently sub-
ordinated personal welfare to his sense of public obliga-
tion. However, he has received the emoluments as well
as the honors of the profession since his skill has brought
to him some of the most remunerative practice in north

Online LibraryFrancis White JohnsonA history of Texas and Texans (Volume 4) → online text (page 171 of 177)